The Ekalaka Eagle (Ekalaka, Mont.) 1923-current, November 27, 1925, Image 2

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THE EICALAKA EAGLE TREASURE ST I , t —, TE FARM MD LIVESTOCK Mont i anli Sets Standard In Crop Improvement Work (From the Montana State College). T HE MONTANA program for crop etanderdization and seed improvement has become one of the outsanding examples of success- ful extension work in the country. Proliably no other state has made such rapid progress in the intreduc- don of adapted strains and varieties of crops and in the elimination of scru'a seed. Striking recognition of Montana's superloTity in thie work was recent- ly accorded at two meetings of na- tional importance. At both the Western State Extension Conference at Spokane recently and the annual meeting of the American Society of Agronomy at Chicago, the Montana crop improvement plan occupied a prominent place on the program. A J. Ogaard, extension agronomist and leader in the crop etandardization work in the state, discussed the work In Montana at both of these meet- ings. The Western States Extension Conference is an annual meeting of extension workers of the 11 Rocky Mountain and Pacific Coast states. Each year the most important and oustanding piece of extension work in the area is selected for consider- ation at the meeting, and this place of honor was given the crop improve- ment w4r it k in Montana at this year's meeting. The American Society of Agron- omy is an organization of crop spe- cialists and scientists whose aim it is to discover and study the best means for crop improvement in the country. The organization member- ship includes the leading crop scient- ists in this country and Canada and every state and province is repre- sented. Mr. Ogaard. in presenting the work in Montana, emphasized the close co-operation between the farm- ers of the state and the organiza- tions that are promoting the work of crop improvement. In explain• ing the Montana plan, he stated that there are four important phases of the work; first, the selection of those strains and varieties which are beat adapted to Montana conditions, second, the plant breeding work which results in the securing of the foundation supply of pure seed, third, the production of commercial supplies of pure seed. and, fourth, A Beautiful Woman Is Always a. Well Woman Tacoma, Wash.—\When one of my daughters was developing into womanhood she was nervous and in a run down state of health. Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription reg- ulated her system and proved an excellent tonic and nervine. I think the 'Favorite Prescription' is a splendid remedy for womanly ail- ments and can be depended upon. I am always glad to speak a good word for it because it is so reliable.\ —Mrs. Martha C. Wilton, 3589 E. jay St. You will soon be well if you start to take Favorite Prescription, in tablets or liquid. All druggists. Write Dr. Pierce, President Inva- lids' Hotel, in Buffalo, N. Y., for free medical advice. Send 10c for trial plcg, of the Prescription Tablets. 2 Grazing Tracts Bordering LOLO NATIONAL FOREST 25,000 ACRES and 10,000 ACRES AT $ 3 PER ACRE Splendid grass, water, brouse and shade. Ham a southern elope giving early paature. Railroad spur touches the land. Terms: 10 per cent down, balance divided into 10 yearly payrnenta BLACKFOOT LAND DEVELOPMENT CO. Drawer 1590, Missoula, Mont. getting farmers to substitute pure seed for common seed. The work of producing and deter- mining the beat strains and varieties of crops for Montana conditions rests largely with the Montana Experiment Station. This organization through its numerous tests at the main sta- tion and at sub -stations in different parts of the state, tries out all prom- ising strains. From this experiment- al work coupled with observations throughout the state the Experiment Station makes vits recommendations. When some outstanding strain Is discovered, the Station starts its plant breeding work to make the strain as pure and as free from con- tarninaiton as possible. When scien- tists have \bred -out\ every possible inferior characteristic a small am- ount of seed, known as \elite seed,\ is produced. This elite seed is then distributed to a few selected formers who are recommended as \regis- tered\ growers. These farmers use the elite seed as the foundation stock for seed plots for the production of registered and certified geed. At this point the Montana Seed Growers' association plays an import- ant part. It is the business of this organization to make rules and regu- lations governing certified and regis- tered seed production so that the pure seed will remain free from con- tamination and mixtures. The rules laid down are very rigid and certified fields are subject to careful inspec- tion throughout the growing season by officials of the association or es- pecially designated members of the Montana Extension Service. Seed that has been grown to tneet the require- ments of the association is carefully cleaned and graded, packed in spe- cial containers, sealed with a state seal and marked with the official label of the association. The rigid inspection requirements for the production of certified and registered seed are necessary to keep the strain pure and the pedigreed seed growers are necessarily limited in number. To make it possible to meet the growing demand for pure seed, it has been found necessary to increase the supply, so that an- other step has been introduced. Re- gistered and certified seed is sold to farmers who in turn use it for plant- ing pure seed plots. These pieta are carefully inspected throughout the season by county extension agents and extension specialists and those ehat come .up to the strict re- quirements are designated as \ap- proved.\ This approved seed is then panaed on to farmers for general state seals, and by a frequent return to the original source for foundation seed stock the high purity and qual- ity is maintained. In the meantime, the search for and the improvement of better adapted varieties continues. The Ex- periment Station conducta hundreds of variety tests each year. A very high percentage of the varieties un- der test aro discarded but the best are retained for further testing and development. At the same time the Extension Service selects aome of the more promising new srtains and uses them for farm variety tests, time offering comparisons under ac- tual farm conditiona and giving the farmers a direct hand In the work of crop improvement. As soon as a variety demonstrates its superiority over those that are being grown it is placed on the \recommended\ list of the Montana Seed Growem' associa- tion, tho Experiment Station pro- ducea a supply of elite seed and the work of registration and certifica- tion is started. Last year Montana hits 86 regia- tered seed growers and they produc- ed 24,000 bushels of registered and certified seed. There were also 291 approved seed growers who produced 134,000 bushels of approved seed. Farm variety tests included 67 tests in 13 counties with spring wheat varieties, 61 winter wheat tests, 27 oats tests, 31 barley tests, eight rye testa and 129 corn variety testa. In order to bring the message of pure seed directly to the farmer that he might see the value of pure seed in direct comparisons with common seed there were 116 superivsed fields of winter wheat. 15 supervised fields of oats, 20 supervised fields of bar- ley and Rix supervised Bel& of rye. Theee fielda were scattered through- out the state and were grown under the supervision of the county exten- sion agents. use. In order to still further safeguard the purity of seed, approved seed growers must go back to certified seed every so often with which to actual farm work. plant their approved seed plots. Thus Through this method this farmer's by a strong system of inspection, by income is worth more this year in the use of special containers and purchasing power than it was last year, because his net return Is great- er, Mr. Wahoske points out. The purchasing power of the farm- er's caah In 1928-1924 was 99.7 per cent of the 1909-1913 average and increased 4.8 per cent in the figures for 1924-1926. In the wheat belt atates the increase was 40.7 per cent, or 77.8 per cent to 118.6 per cent. In the year. In the western dairy Mates It increased 6 per cent, or from 112.7 per cent to 117.7 Der cent, In the year. The range states jumped 6.2 per cent, or from 114.6 per cent to 119.8 per cent, in the year. Pacific Coast Ratting In 1923-1924 the Pacific coast atatea were rated at 134.1 per cent of the 1909-1913 average, but by 1914-26 fell off to 114.1 per cent The northeastern states dropped from 122 per cent to 110 per cent in the year and the eastern cotton statea declined from 99.7 per cent to 98.6 per cent In that period. The other slump noted wag for the to- bacco belt states, from 109.2 per cent to 107.6 per cent. The greatent purchasing power for the farmer wan shown for the west- ern cotton belt etates, where the per- centage for 1924-1926 was 134.2, as againat 122 per cent the year before. Thie gain, however, was not a third of that rnade In the year by the wheat belt states. MONTANA FARM FINANCE SOUND CONDITIONS IN THE STATE ARE GREATLY IMPROVED OVER THOSE OF YEAR AGO lower Labor Costs, Greater Econo- mies in Operation and Favorable Markets Have Contributed to Bet- ter Times, Says Milwaukee Official 0 May Hold Farmers' Week Sessions at Bozeman in June Instead of a farmers' short course and a. farmers' week in the winter at the State college at Boze- man, a series of lecturea and dem- onstrations may be held there In mummer, according to a plan being considered at 110/eman by J. (3. Taylor, director of 1110 state eaten mien service. It. F3. Cameron Cascade county agricultural agent, has not learned whether a decision has been reached or whether the usual ferment' week will be held early next year. He said that Cascade county will be repre- sented at the Bozeman gathering whenever, it ia held. The plan which ,Nir. Taylor has be- rfore him contemplates a sort of yaca- tion tour for the farmers. A time be- tween harvest activities, along in June would be selected. Farmers would be at the college two or three days, the schedule of meetings being so arranged that a trip to Yellow- stone park would be feasible. Lower labor costs, greater econ- omies in operation and favorable markets have put the farmers of Montana in better financial Condi- tion than they were a year ag•o, in the opinion of H. R..Wahoake of Great Falls, dietrict freight and passenger agent of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul railway. To emphasize the igiportance of the present situation, Mr. Wahoske points out that for the season of 1924-1925 the purclutsing power of the farmer's available cash in- come in the western states VMS from 13 to 15 per cent above the national average for the period. Last year was the first time since 1920 that the farmer's dollar in the United States was worth more than it was in pre-war times. Extend Operations The economy being practiced in farm operation in Montana is the result of a continued urging to that end and perhaps more to the effect of necessity, Mr. Wahoske believes. In many instances where the borrow- ing power of the farmer has been re- duced or entirely cut off, he has had to depend on his own resources and has found that the enforced economy was a blessing, the agent says. Mr. Wahoske refers to an incident in the Judith Basin country, where a formers used to borrow $2,000 a year to put in a 400 -acre wheat crop. This year the money was not available. The only solution for him appeared to be to do the work himself. He used to imagine that the farm needed a boss who did not do much work. When a machinery part was required in past years, this farmer and his family would motor 40 miles to Lewistown to obtain the part, when, as he has now found, the part can be phoned for and sent out by ex- press. This farmer found that he could put in the crop himself. That saved him $1,000 directly. He began to check up to see where the other $1,000 toted to go. He discovered that every time he went to town to buy a part for a machine or other opera- ting supplies, he and his family spent money incidentally which could not he charged to farm operation. It had been costing him $1,000 a year In this way, Including the expense of the automobile, meals and general purchases. Bealdee, he has found that every time he goes to town he loses time which could be spent in Cutieura Soap for the Complexion. Nothing better than Cuticura Soap daily and Ointment now and then as needed to make the complexion clear, scalp clean nnd hands soft and white, Add to thia the fascinating, fragrant Cuticura Talcum And you have the Cuticura Toilet Trio.—Adv. How MONTANA FARMERS io iret the Highest Price for 3 our 0 rain tbe least expense. Bill IT TO IlloCAULL DINSMORE CO., at Minneapolis or Duluth Rale,' Super -steed by the Minneaota Itnil. road and Warehottee Commismion and the C. S. Department of Agriculture. Returns Guaranteed by Fidelty Bond for 180,000.00 Filed with the Rellroad end warehou.e Commiselon of Minnesota Write for free booklet giving instructions regarding direct shipments. McCARTHY BROS. COMPANY Grain Commission Minnenpolis taticago Duluth Milwaukee Send as samples of your grain and flax for valuation r sample envelopes gest upon request. PHILLIPS 4-H TEAM WINS AT GLASGOW (I'rom the Montana State College). T 11E 4-H corn judging champion- ship of Northern hiontana was won this year by Herbert Man- g,. Itenette Cookingitam and Will - Min Watlers of Phillips county. Four 14`,IMS, representing Maine, Valley will Phillips counties took part in rho annual judging contests held in (ennection with the Northern Mon- tana Corn and Pure Seed show at G1asgow. Blaine county placed se- cond and Valley county third. Herbert Mangle and Renette Cook- in.thitm of Phillips county team tied for high Individual honors in the ontest, both having a score of 573.7 out of a possible 600. The only per - feet score made in the contest was made by the Phillips county girl who scored 200 in judging Northwestern Dont. Yellow Dent and White Flint were the other vareities judged in he contest. Roosevelt county won first hon- ors in the annual seed corn selection demnostration contest. Ralph Bjoge and Delmar Leeson were the mem- hers of thie team. Valley county, re- presented by Lawrence Lacock and Elsie Elias, was second. Blaine county, represented by Harold Stettin and Leland Bosshardt, placed first in the demonstrations on the curing anti storage of seed corn. Forest Kesler and Laura Waters of Phillips county placed second. The judging and demonstration teams were coached by the county agents of the Northern Montana counties represented, as follows: D II. Noble, of Roosevelt county; M. I.: Stebbins of Valley county; H. I.. Lantz, of Phillips county and G. W. Gustafson of Blaine county'. WHEAT IS HAULED ON G. N. BRANCH CONSTRUCTION TRAINS CARRY CROP OUT OF PEERLESS COUNTRY New Exteradon West of Scobey Com- pleted 20 Miles; Scobey to Lose its r.1111f. /114 Largest Printery Wheat Niarket In the World ati Result. scobey'm claim to fame as the largest primary wheat shipping market in the world will moon be •hattered, for 20 miles of the new Great Northern railway extennion designated ultimately to TUIR from scobey to Opheini, hit.s been opened to wheat traffic. This 20 -mile stretch of new steel, which reaches about to the site of the new town to be known as Peer- less, at the head of Police creek, had been handling traffic for a short while, but only for construction work. Now it is handling freight, but only wheat will be shipped. Wheat is handled only by con- struction trains, a definite schedule of freight trains on the new line being impossible at this time. The new line will eventually tap a coun- try that annually producee between 10,000,000 and 12,000,000 buahels of wheat, the grade of which is un- surpassed. But very little of this year's crop, COOLIDGE TURKEY RAISED BY WOMAN MRS. W. C. BOUCHER FURNISH- ED BIRD THAT WILL GO TO THE I'RESIDENT Prize Ponder& Product is Mantled Front Conrad for TItanksgiving Dinner on Table at White House; Poultry Aseociation Makes Gift. To Mrs. W. C. Boucher of Con- rad goes the credit of raising (lin prime Pondera turkey as hiels will be served on .the table of the White House to President and Alm. Coolidge and their guests Thanks- giving day. This bird 'MIN adjudged a perfect 20 -pound young tom and was selected from a large number of birds, nearly all of eitich, to the average person, seemed \per- fect.\ The bird has been shipped to Washington by the Pondera Poultry Growers' association, in whose name it is presented to the president. A custom has been set up at the White House that the president will not accept gifts such as turkeys from individuals. Mrs. Boucher has re- ceived, in addition to the honor that goes with the distinction of furnish- ing the president's turkey, the pre- vailing market price for the bird, 43 cents a pound, from the Pondera Poultry Growers' association, as well as a prize ribbon. The first shipment of Pondera tur keys, which have been sold to a Cali- fornia concern, was shipped several days ago. It totalled 30,000 pounds. Pondera Poultry growers are re- ceiving approximately 9 cents a pound more for their fancy birds thie year than growers in other counties. This is due, it is claimed, not only to the fine quality of the produce but also to the efficiency of the Pondera Poultry Growers' association'e sales and grading organization. which has been a good one despite adverse conditions in adjacent coun- try, has been moved to market to date. Sonic of the grain has been hauled out to Scobey by truck for loading there, but this le only a small portion compared to the crop the Scobey section will ship this year. Virtually the entire 1925 crop is be- ing held by farmers who are waiting for the new Great Northern line to handle their produce and cut down the expense of freighting overland to Scobey and thence by rail to market. Official estimate of the size of the crop in that country has not been made, but a check with rail and ele- vator officials indicates that it will run about normal. Coyotes Kill Sheep. When the herder in charge of a band of 700 sheep owned by Nele Lindeberg, of Miles City, fell asleep. the band broke up and half of them etrayed away. Two days latter 14 of the animals were found killed by coyotes and 38 head were missing and it IR believed that most of them were killed by coyotes. State College Honored. The Signaa Epsilon organization of the engineering college at MontaRa State college hag been granted a chapter of the famous American. honorary engineering fraternity, Tau Beta Pi. It is one of the highest fecognitions that haa come to the engineering department at Bozeman in many years, since it means that Montana's engineering college is one of 46 such institutions to be recog- nized among the 125 engineering schools of America. As,' 0661 aol % 0? P %S' ke. ‘#%14. 0 }:t‘s° te sS WEILLER &WEILLER. LIVE STOCK COMM/SS/ON SO.ST.PAUL -\MINNESOTA FARMER'S CASH MARKET Higheat Cash Prices for LIVE POlULTRY — CREAM VEAL--HIDES--WOOL No Commission Charged Got Our Thanksgiving TURKEYS Prices on Free Coops for Expreao Lots \You are Always Sure of Your Money if You Ship to Cobb\ EST. THE D E. COBB CO. 1885 Write for n • ST. PAUL, MINN. Tags and Prices DEVILS LAKE, N. D. AGEV7'S WAN7711) to SELL emoreics Make money next year sell- ing the best chicks hatched in the N. W. 18 years' repu- tation for quality and fair dealing. Write now for our Belling plan. QU E'E N HAT'CIFIE R.16. Jay TWA Paso leT — •ILATTLC 6 WANTED --- TURKEYS sad all other kinds of Poultry NORTHERN CREAMERY CO. Greet Palls, Mont. 110OULTRY W ANTED Wo ant to Me mart* erag es ta7 s = ealdomas. tariu7s. market paid u l m 000k tau t C li to on day ora e rr es traL Moot wad ea Co, Matto. Maartaam. VACCINATZ DURING ANY WHATHIllt WITH BLACKLEG LEDERLE AGGRESSIN 5AVE 100 PER CENT One dose, Costing la ONNTII, Protect* During Ulf& Aggresain is approved toy Mo•ta•• Etats Veterinary Department. Crafted 8tate• Bureau of Animal Industry, all Voterloary Surgeons •od all cattle Jun who have used It. LEDERLE AGGRESPI1N La tho last word In Blackleg Vac• Mrs- E. Id. Knowles, Helena, Montana, state distributor for L111111111L11 •ACCINES, Aggreseln, Anthrax Abortion, llemorrbegle fteptiessellitin. Beg Cholera, White Scouro—all preventative and curative Moieties. Ramo' 144 your Veterinary Hurgeon tha OINI of LIDEIBLII products •ggresain in 10, •nd 50 -dos• packages. • Perfect Results each time you bake. tif 7 VIDInKING' gam mums morn For we test this flour at the mill . . . by baking with it first ourselves N °w—you can ahuhays be sure of delicious breads and pastries—whenever you bake. For here, at last, is a flour that always acts the same 'ray in your oven! We prove it beforehand. In the surest way a miller can. By aking it first ourselves. Before we allow any of it to enter your home. And we honestly believe it is the most wholesome flour you can find. Because it is ground from the highest protein Montana wheat. And Montana wheat, Reyes: know, is famous as a source of strength and enemy. We hot e you will try a sack of Rex Flour. For the satisfaction and delight it will give you. For then you can be sure of untforettygoodresults.Ordera sack today. ROYAL MILLING COMPANY GREAT FALLS, MONTANA REX FLOUR Tested at the mill for uniform bakinil - am Our direct guarantee to you Rake anything' you like with Rex. Then if you are not 'edi- fied Rex Flo'nr is the most uni- form flour you have ever wed. . return unnsed portion to yotfr deeler. lie will rive you back full price you paid. We will repay him. . .1/ .1

The Ekalaka Eagle (Ekalaka, Mont.), 27 Nov. 1925, located at <>, image provided by MONTANA NEWSPAPERS, Montana Historical Society, Helena, Montana.