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, P. • .k k • *. 0* I\ k • VOLUME OFFICIAL NEWSPAMi OF CARTER COUNTY OF MONTANA fiateN4 KKALAKA (Glarter County) MONTANA, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 31, 1937. HUMES 53 PETITIONS FOR NEW SOIL ASSOCIATION ARE FILED The necessary papers in obtaining recognition as a voluntary soil conser- vation association in Fallon and Carter counties have been forwarded to E. H. Aicher, chairman of the Montana state advisory committee of the soil conser- vation service, advises Gib Zeidler, ex- tension agent. Some 178 operators listing 200,078 acres of land signed a petition request- ing recognition as a voluntary soil con- servation association in Fallon and Carter counties. The object of signing this petition is to obtain recognition and a district hoping to receive technical assistance through the soil ocnservation service in not only directing the activities of a CCC camp in developing flood water irrigation systems and all types of live- stock water development within the counties but all soil conserving and water conserving practices. In carrying through this work of organizing a vol- untary soil conservation association it has been done according to the advice from the state coordinator of the soil conservation service cooperating in en- deavoring to work out tile proram for our counties. All operators have very willingly signed the petition and should the plan materialize agree that it would be a fine step forward in developing all our water resource possibilities in Fal- lon and Carter counties. This plan was the outgrowth of the Little Beaver dam project that was /started early in the sununer of 1937. This present plan is no way would affect materially any large dam that might or could be con- structed on Little Beaver in the future and yet it does affect a very practical and quick way to show the possibilities of a larger irrigaticn project on Little Beave r , It is exPeciel m tice spring ot 1938 that all organized Kroops in Fallon and Carter counties will contact proper authorities asking for assistance in carrying out the plan. All recognize there is still a great deal to be ac- complished in water and soil conserva- tion in this area. E. B. Winter, vice president and as- sistant secretary of the Southeastern Montana County association, has re- ceived information regarding the plans of the Little Beave voluntary soil con- servation association. As a representa- tive of the SEMCA, Mr. Winter has assured us that they will cooperate in every possible way. 1938 To Be Good Year Niontana's prospects for 1938 are ex- cellent! As 1937 wearily slides into the limbo of years, people of the treasure state turn their faces to another mile- stone of life with revived hope, new courage and confidence that the \worst has happened.\ Things are sure to be better. And while 1937 brought its share of troubles, of disasters and losses, it also brought its share of pleasures,.of suc- cesses, of joys and of progress. The fertile soll of Montana valleys and plains, nurtured by the skillful hands of Montana's farmers, produced a Udy bit of wealth for all residents. Agricultural crops for the year were worth $88,636,000, according to Jay G. Diamond, federal crop statistician. This is 8.6 per cent more than the 1936 value of all agriculture. But 1938 promises to do better by Montana. Estimates of winter wheat yield for the coming season is for a harvest of one -fifth larger than the average for the past five years. These eatimates, based upon scientific meas- urements of soil moisture, have in the past proved uncannlly accurate. They indicate an acreage yield of 12.7 bush- els, compared to a five Year average of 10 bushels. While northeast and central_Montana were hard hit by drouth, early summer rains in southeast Montana greatly improved range conditions. There has been steady replenishment of livestock herds over the entire area this fall and winter and with favorable condi- tions now prevailing, stockmen look forward to 1938 with reasonable assur- ance of a prosperous year—the best l in a decade. George Emick of Ekalaka received word of the death of his father, C. W. Emick, which took place at St. Peters- burg, Pia., at the age of 87 years. Mr. Emick visited his father at his old home in Hillsdale, Mich., at which time the elder Mr. Emick was in very poor health and WRS preparing to go to Florida for the winter. He is sur- vived' by two' daughtera and two sons, including George Eznick of Ekalaka. Operation Is Fatal To Evelyn Kirkwood News of the death of Evelyn Kirk- wood, daughter of Mrs. Florence Kirk- wood, which reached Ekalaka Monday morning brought a feeling of deep sor- row to the community. Mrs. Kirkwood was called t,o Livingston, Mont., last Friday on account of the ilhaess of her daughter who had been operated on the previous Monday for appendicitis. The nature of the complic,ation that arose, which took her life has not yet been learned here. Her death took place Sunday evening, Dec. 26, 1937, in the hospital at Livingston, Mont. Evelyn F. Kirkwood was born t3ep- tember 9, 1918 at Big Timber, Mont. She came with her parents t,o Ekalaka about nine years ago and resided here up to the - past summer when she left for Big Timber to visit relatives and at that time decided to remain in Liv- ingston for the school year and attend high school at that place. She graduated from the Ek.alaka grade school and attended the Carter county high school for three consecu- tive years. She was a member of the senior class of the Livingston high school and would have graduated this coming spring with the class of 1938. She was an unusual scholar and was a general favorite while here both with faculty members and among the stu- dent body. Evelyn was a lovely girl, queenly in her manner, kindly in thought and always considerate of others both in her home life and among her friends. Her passing will be griev- eit community, and uni- versal sympathy is extended to the mother, sisters and brothers in their hour of deep sorrow. The survivors include the mother, Mrs. Florence Kirkwood, two sisters Sadie and Madelyn, and four brothers, John, William, Donald, and Gordon, all of whom reside in Elcalaka excepting Donald who is av:ay for employment somewhere in western parts. Mental Case Is Heard At a sanity hearing held Wednesday afternoon before Judge Nelstead of Forsyth with Doctors J. G. Anderson of Elcalaka and Tarbox of Baker in attendance, Leo Ridgway was found to be of unsound mind and was commit- ted to the state hospital at Warm Springs. Griggs Newman and Mrs. Joda Elder testified at the hearing of the strange actions of Mr. Ridgway at the Elder ranch on Wednesaay of last week. Mrs. Salome Ridgway, mother of the young man, also testified that he had been in poor health since last May, and had suffered since that date with odd spelb. Following the hearing Sheriff Arm- etrong left with the patient for Warm Springs, leaving Baker by train Wed- nesday evening. Hugh Hamilton Killed Hugh Hamilton, 60, of the Ismay community and known to many in this section, was instantly killed on Tues- day of last week, when a Milwaukee train struck the man near the village of Westmore. Ac,cording to a report made by the train crew, Hamilton, who was entirely deaf, was walking along the railroad track watching a bunch of sheep he was herding for the !tickle Sheep company. He was struck by the train which had slowed dovm to about twenty miles an hour and his body was hurled into a side ditch about eight feet deep. His neck was broken and death came without the aged man knowing what had happened. Hugh Hamilton was born at Castle Douglas, Scotland, on May 26, 1879, and ?ame to this country in 1909. He is a nephew of Mr. and Mrs..W. C. Hamilton of Ismay and all his life had been engaged in working on sheep ranches in the Ismay community. Funeral services were held at Miles City last Thursday afternoon. FIFTY-THREE WEEKS IN 1937 Folks are taught that there are only fifty-two weeks in a year, but such is not the case with a weekly newspaper. During the present yea,r the Eagle'has appeared (ince a week for fifty-three issues, and this because 1937 started on a Friday and ended the same day. Welcome 19381 Fifty Dollars For Gobbler In 1863. Probably the highest price ever paid in Montana for turkeys for the Christ- mas dinner was 74 years ago when X. Biedler rode 150 miles on horsebacis from Virginia City to the old town of Hell Gate, west of the present site of MLssoula and bought two birds for which he paid $50 each. In 1863 Virginia City v.as a new . nain 7 mg camp, shortly after the discovery of gold. Last Chance gulch was yet un- heard of and the residents of Alder gulch v. -ere in the beginning of a des- perate struggle with road agents. George Ives, first of the desperadoes to be executed, was hanged just before Christmas, but Henry Plummer, road agent chief, was still sheriff of the county and was at the height of his bandit career. A group of the newly organized visit lantes, . including the renowned X. Biedier and Col. W. F. Sanders, decided it would not be a proper Christmas unless turkey v.ss served. The miners of the Virginia City district had grovm tired of wild game. They had had noth- ing but deer, bear, elk, buffalo and game birds during the summer and fall and a taste of domestic fowl would be a welcome change. Eliedler volunteered to find two turkeys. Someone had said that the only turkeys in Montana were those raised on Baumgartner's old Hell Gate mile's. It was also reported that Baumgartner had raised asome pump- kins that year. Hell Gate was the name of the town a few miles west of Missoula and was a long ride from Virginia City in the dead of winter. 'To add to the danger from the outlaws was that of Crow Indians, who were hostUe. However, Biedler mounted on his favorite horse, Grey Eagle, and set out for Hell Gate. more than 150 miles av.ay. His departure WWI observed by the bandits, but who did not know his destination. They thought his trip boded ill for them and after a few days when he did not return, they set out on his trail. Biedler made the trip to Hell Gate in safety. He bought two turkeys at $50 each and started on his lortg trip back to Virginia City. His return was through the Deer Lodge valley and as he ap- proached the pass at the southern end he met a party of 14 Crow Indians. They chased him several miles, but Bledler on Grey Eagle easily outdis- tanced them. Biedler took refuge on a rocky ledge near the present Gregson springs and prepared a breastwork for defense against the Indians. Hardly had he made himself secure when he saw approaching four horsemen. He fired several shots to warn them against the is Indians ambushed at the foot of the hill but this only caused them to spur rapidly to his hiding place. The men were Henry Plummer and three of his aides. They were surprised by the Indians and in the desperate hand to hand battle that followed three of the white men were killed, Plummer alone escaping. The Indians held a conference, undecided whether to at- tack the lone white man or return. Their decision was made when another group of white men appeared in the valley and they fled. The second group of men consisted of Brovm, Smith and Sanders who had come to the rescue of Biedier when they learned the road agents were on his trail. The next day the party returned to Virginia City. That night they ate the roast turkey and pumpkin pie in cele- bration of the escape of Biedler, the death of the outlaws, and the chastise- ment of the Indians. Wonderful Weather The weather has been exceptionally anti -winter -like during the past few days. On both Tuesday and Wednes- day the thermometer registered 47 de- grees above zero and the lowest re- corded Wednesday night was 38 above. On Monday storm warnings were sent out from broadcasting stations ad- vising of a severe cold wave headed into southeastern Montana. It VMS a pleasant surprise to wake up Tuesday to find that the storm had taken a de c ., tour and instead of receiving freezing weather to have experienced an early winter thaw that up to press time had taken much of the snow in this terri- torry. The present recording of moisture for the month is 0.46 inches, making this December one of the three wettest in the past twenty-eeven years. The years 1916 and 1935 had a slightly high- er precipitation reoording. All in all, 'the present winter season has been entirely satisfactory to both livestock and agricultural industries. Miss Gertrtide 11 1 4rVerson of Minot, N. D., was a visitor during the holidays at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Earl Oil- leran Fallen creek. Miss Syverson who is at present teaching at Medora, N. D., taught the Fallcm creek school SiX years ago. Mr. and Mrs, Oilleran and three children with . their guest attended the dance and theater in Elca- laka Saturday evening. Raymond \Bennie\ Oxford who has been employed at ranch work near Arlee, Mont., is here for a visit at the home X his parents, Mr. and Mrs. A. W. oxford. He plans to return to Arlee in March for the opening of spring work. • • Committemen Organize Agricultural committeemen for 1938 were elected in Fallon and Carter counties on 'Tuesday, December 21. For the Carter community the follow - were elected: Mark B. Nies, chairman; Joe Carey and James Oliver; and Fred Martens, alternate. The following day, Wednesday, De- cember 22, the chairmen of the re- spective Carter -Fallon agricultural con- servation aseociation committees met at Baker as a board of directors to or- _ ganize the county association. The fol- lowing officers were elected for the 1938 county agricultural conservation association: John Weinschrott, president; Urvin Cox, vice-president; Gib Zeidler, sec- retary; Alvin Hoverson, assistant secre- tary and treasurer. The county com- mittee is cimposed of John Weinschrott, chairman; Urvin Cox and Mark B. Nies; Fred Steen, alternate. LIBRARY NOTES We received a shipment of twenty- five boxes of books for the library last week. A good many of these are very fine books and most of them good books. The following are a few names of the books picked at random: \Twice Born Men,\ by Begbie. \Astronomy For Everybody,\ Newcomb. \The World I Live In,\ by Helen Keller. \The Impossible Boy,\ by Nina Wil- cox Putnam. \Joseph and His Brethren,\ by H. W. Freeman. \Ftasputin The Holy Devil,\ by Fulop-Miller. Among these books there were also magazines like Popular Mechanics and The National Geographic. by LARGE ATTENDANCE AT SEMCA ANNUAL MEETING Sunday School Pupils Hold Church Program ChrLstmaa festivities in Ekalaka in- cluded the customary program at the Union church, given by the Sunday school and the annual treat for the young people donated by the merchants and townspeople of Ficataira. Cheerful decorations with the tree glowing with colored lights gave those who attended a genial Christmaa wel- come. The church was filled to over- flowing and many were turned away for lack of standing room. Members of the high school class had secured and also decorated the tree and the high school glee club sang one number, \The Songs They Are Sing- ing,\ which was well received by the audience. Carols sung by the Sunday school opened the entertainment and followed with the usual program of recitations, songs and dialogs. Almost every mem- ber of the Sunday school took some part in the evening's program. Santa Claus arrived with the ringing of sleigh bells and all children went forvaut to shake hands with the jolly old fellow. This with the passing out of the Christmas treats cloaed the en- tertainment. More than 200 sacks, that held candy, nuts, and an apple, were passed out, the number being sufficient to include high school pupils and others of like age, and all elderly people in attendance. • Card Sharks Battle More than fifty whist shark..s attend- ed the Firemen'a card party at the town hall on Tueadtsy evening of this week. The attendance was not as large as had been anticipated, but unsettled weather conditions possibly prevented many from the rural community from attending. Fire Chief Frank Kowitz and J. B. Armstrong were in charge of this first smsion. The January party will be under supervision of Eddy Sykes and Walter Anderson, Jr., and parties each following month will have a change of captains picked from the department membership roll. Mrs. E. C. Perso prepared the lunch that WELS served following three hours of card playing. The high score prize was won by Guy Stitser. The department acknowl- edged with thanks the gift of the play- ing cards by Hedges itt Campbell and hand -made score cards for the event by Mrs. Alfred Thompson. Ice Harvest Is Started Anton Quam opened the ice harvest this week with the filling of the Olsen ic,e house in Ekalaka. Mr. Olsen reports that this is the earliest ice harvest within his memory although he has on one or two previous years procured his supply before the first of the year. The ice at this time la about 14 inches thick and is of very fine quality. It required about 30 tons this year for the Olsen firm and the amount was brought in Monday and Tuesdyay by Anton Quam and his sons, who procured it from Beaver creek. In former years Mr. Olsen put up 50 to 60 tons but this year the required amount is less on account of new refrigeration at the store which is depended upon for the keeping of ice cream and other frozen products. Elmore-Tiederman On Monday evening at 7 o'clock at the parsonage in Eltalaka, Miss Ber- neice Tiedemann became the bride of Edwin Elmore. Mr. and Mrs. Herman Elmore attended the c,ouple during the ceremony and acted as witnesses to the marriage document. The marriage vows were taken before Rev. Gale Anderson, who used the ring ceremony of the Congregational church. The bride is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Tiedemann of Beaver Flat. She was born and has lived for the greater part of her life in this com- munity. 'The bridegroom is the son of Mr. and Mrs. Lonnie Elmore and like- wise is a true westerner, having lived his entire life in this district. Best wishes of the community attend the couple as they take up their home as one, in the Chalk Buttes district. Walter Anderson, Sr., J. G. Olsen and A. T. Macnab represented Ekalalut and Carter county at the annual meet- ing of the Southeastern Montana Coun- ties association in Miles City on Wed- nesday. More than sixty representatives from the fourteen counties of the aa- sociation were present and heard re- ports of the activities of the SEMCA for the past year, given by President L. J. Onstad and Secretary E. B. Winter. At the election of officers L. J. On- stad was reelected president; Carl D. Gillin of Forsyth, vice president; K. E. Burleigh of Glendive, treasurer and E. B. Winter of Miles City, secretary. Directors elected were: Yellowstone, G. W. F'enton; Big Horn, H. W. Bunson; Roeebud, Carl Oillin; Garfield, R. A. Grant; McCone, O. A. King; Prairie, G. G. Strobel; Custer, E. B. Winter; Powder River, L. J. On- stad; Carter, Walter Anderson; Fallon Gib Zeidler; Richland, R. S. Nutt; Dawson, K. S. Burleigh. Commenting on the meeting, the Miles City Star said: Impre,ssed by the magnitude of the interest manifested in the operations of the SEMCA, as he obeerved it first hand on Wednesday, James F. Ftegan of this city, said: \Now we're getting somewhere!\ Mr. Regan was agreeably surprised to note the large interest be- ing taken in the functioning of the as- sociation, he said, as he sat in the meeting to watch the proceedings. \Why this organization can become a power for good throughout all of south- eastern Montana, anti make its influ- ence felt all over the state,\ said Jim in his enthusiasm. Visions of a tlareugh highway lead- ing froin Canitia, to Mexico are in- dulged in by the Carter county and Fallon count? delegations to the annual meeting of the BEMCA. One resolution offered asks for the oiling of the road from Ekalaka to Baker, the building of a road from Ekalaka to Alzada to con- nect with the Belle Fourche-Broadus- Miles OliY highway, and the completion of the road iron; Baker to Wlbaux. This is declared tebe a practical north and south route and eventually will give access to travel facilities from the north boundary of the United States to the Rio Grande, it was pointed out. Electric Juice Flowing Bleak and lightless frontiers of pio- neer Montana farming were pushed back this week when 260 farm homes were connected with the great modern world of electricity by completion of Montana's first rural electrification project. When a switch was throvm, silent power flooded over llo miles of rural lines in Dawson and Richland counties, bringing the blesaing of light and energy to these farm dwellings for the first time, Governor Roy E. Ayers announced. Radios, refrigerators, waahers, and the host of devices that electricity uses to lighten the load of the farm house- wife, are being purchased by residents under the power lines. This is their first \electric Christmas\ and gifts are in keeping with the event. Financed with federal funds and con- structed by the water board, the pro- ject cost $110,000. This money is to be paid back over a period of 20 years. It is expected that 500 farms will be tied into the system by next year, Governor Ayens said. Friends of 'Ibm Pickard will be pleased to learn of his advancement with the Jewett Bros. firm with whom he has had emploment since the first of November, in the shipping depart- ment of•the Jewett warehouse at Aber- deen, S. D. On his return to Aberdeen after spending the holidays with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. Pickard, he will begin a new position that will take him on the road as a salesman for the first two days of the week and in the office with the examination of invoices and general office work for the other four days. 'Ibm left by car Tues- day for Aberdeen to assume his new duties. Theltna Bandy, the thirteen -year -old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Bandy who received an injury to an eye when struck by a playmate with a piece of cardboard is slowly improving. Her sight has partially returned and she is slowly being relieved of the suffering. The accident happened on the Sunday following Thanksgiving and the child has been blind in the injured eye eines that time, but this week she is grad- ually gaining back her sight. • • .1