The Ekalaka Eagle (Ekalaka, Mont.) 1923-current, December 31, 1937, Image 7

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Posterity Gives Jackson an Honor Bestowed Upon No Other American It Has \Marked Out an ‘ Epoch and Called It by the Name Of One Man,\ Says the Author of a New Biography of \Old Hickory\ in , • Which He Is Portrayed as One of the Greatest Presidents Who Has Ever Occupied 'Ai' ViiI4e House in Washington. elatani Newspaper , Union. . NOTE—January 8 Is widely cele- brated as \Jackson Day\ in honor of Andrew Jackson's victory over the British in the battle of New 01leans, which contributed materially to his election. tp the presidency later. This article, appropriate to the observance of that day, Is balled upon the new biography. \Albans Jackson—Por- trait of a PrigWent,\ written by blarquia,James MO 'published recent- ly by the SOW{ Merrill company of Indianapolis, thrOugh whose courtesy soveral of the illustrations from the book are hereWith reproduced. By ELMO SCOTT WATSON M ARCH 4, 1837: Unlike many anoth- er Inauguration day in the city - of Washington, this one was \bright and balmy.\ Down the steps of the Ex- ecutive Mansion — Washing- tonians had only recently be- gan calling it the \White House\ --came two men. One of them was slight in stature, something of a \dandy\ in dress and appearance—Mar- tin Van Buren of ICinderhook, N. Y., the \Little Magician,\ the \Red Fox,\ who was about to become President of the United States. The other was a more com- manding figure, somewhat bent with age and recent ill- ness. He leaned heavily on a cane, but there still flashed from his eyes that indomi- table look which had caused men to hail him as \Old Hickory.\ They entered a carriage and rode up Pennsylvania avenue toward the Capitol. A thunder of cheering rose from the thousands who lined that famous thorough- fare, then died down quickly and men removed their hats in rev- erential silence as the silver - haired old man in the carriage passed. The same silence spread over the multitude that filled the east lawn of the Capitol as the two men appeared on the portico. It held , while Chief Justice Taney administered the oath of office, while Martin Van Buren was de- livering his inaugural address and even as Andrew Jackson started slowly down the broad steps. Then suddenly, as though un- loosed by a signal, a mighty shout was raised. Thomas Hart PRESIDENT ANDREW JACKSON From a portrait made at the White House In 1815 by Ashel B. owned by the New York Historical Society. its preparation the author of the Pulitzer prize-winning \The Ra- ven—A Biography of Sam Hous- ton\ and of \Andrew Jackson— The Border Captain,\ has put years of research during which he examined no less than 40,000 documents, not to mention hun- dreds of printed sources of infor- mation. And, as one critic has observed, \the result—an accu- rate and properly proportioned portrait of Andrew Jackson, the President—is a striking illustra- tion of the truth of the observa- tion of Carlyle that a well -written life is almost as rare as a well - spent one.\ • • • \Why was it that the people loved him so?\ asks Biographer James, after describing the scene when \Old Hickory\ stepped down from the Presidency. \In thronged Washington, where men THE FOURTH HERMITAGE Finished In 1815 after Its predecessor had been destroyed by are. save tor por lions of the exterior walls which were used In rebuilding. In the background, right, is Tulip Grove, the residence of Andrew Jackson Donelsoa. From an engraving made In IBM and owned by the Ladles' Hermitage Association. Benton of Missouri, who was there that day, afterwards said: \It was a cry such as power never commanded, nor man in power received. It was affection, gratitude and admiration . . . the acclaim of posterity breaking from the bosoms of contemporar- ies . . . I felt an emotion which had never passed through me be- fore.\ It lasted for only a moment. Then . . . \Midway down the stone stairs General Jackson un- covered and bowed. A gentle wind stirred his silvery locks. The tumult died.\ And thus \Old Hickory\ took leave of the Presidency of the United States and \after eight years laid down his burden, un- suspecting that on his times was an impress so characteristic and so deep that posterity would ac- cord to Andrew Jackson an honor as yet vouchsafed no other Amer- ican—that of marking out an et:och in our national history and calling it by the name of one man.\ So writes Marquis James in his \Andrew Jackson—Portrait of a President,\ the second and con- cluding volume of a biography which critics are virtually unani- mous in hailing as \by all odds the best and most absorbing ac- count of the life of Old Hickory that has vet been written.\ Into slept in barbers' chairs, the ques- tion was debated that night as it was destined to be debated a hun- dred years to come.\ From all that discussion Mr. James synthesizes this answer: Jackson was born and reared In a frontier aristocracy—unpretentIous. It Is true, but all that an aristocracy could attain to in the Waxhaws of that day and time. Hacking his way upward in the Tennessee wilderness. he rose to the height of spokesman for one frontier class against another—nabobs versus leathershirts. Climbing higher, Jackson became a spokesman for the whole al- most autonomous West In the contests arising from the opposed Interests of the settled. commercial seaboard. The things of the West, even the nabob West. ad• vry-ated then seemed alluring to the land• less and the propertyless of the tidewa• ter cities. This fermentation shaped into a political movement during the hard times of 1818.22, found the underpriv- ileged and the lackalls of the F:ast one wIth the established currents of western thought. Andrew Jackson brought to the Pres!. dency fewer personal ambitions than any man excepting Washington. The grad. ual alteration from , a border conserva• live to a national liberal is noteworthy, but other eminent men have spanned gerater scale of change. John Adams and Patrick Henry storm into history not as liberals. but as revolu• tionists shouting for bayonets and bar- ricades. They rattle out, not as con• servatives Merely, but as cantanker• ous reactionaries . . . Emerging as a people's man, Jackson proffered no ordinary claims to that much -courted distinction. No mere arbiter between factions of followers. he strode forth to Inspire, to lead. to govern. He not only reigned but ruled. He saw for the people what they could not see for them- selves. The hank issue was as good as dead after the passing of the twenties. Jackson revived It, lashed up an apathet- ir public. lashed up apathetic lieu- 2 tenants, silenced the unwilling and drove on to victory. All this rested on the philosophy of majority rule. When a majority was not at hand he endeavored to create it. When this could not be done in time, he went ahead anyhow. He was the majority pro tem. Unfailingly at the next election, the people would return a vote of con- fidence, making his measures their own. This confidence was not misplaced. If not every day in the year providing a government of and by the people. An- drew Jackson did provide one tor them. He lived by valor. The people like that because it is exciting and because it clothes them In the mantle of Fortuna, with enormous power over the destiny of a public servant. Andrew Jackson carried his political life In the hollow of his hand, ready to risk It for the cause of the hour whether that cause werk. great or small, good or bad . . . Time and again, heedlessly and needlessly, he exposed himself to destruction by the popular will. That the people did not destroy him bewildered the opposition. \Jackson's Luck\ became a Whig by• word. Jackson's luck was the kind that gains respect for the proverb that for- tune favors the brave. Fortune also favors the competent. The opposition to Jackson . . . was not composed of straw men. No other President has confronted a coalition of adversaries so able or so well furnished with the ordinary resources of rxh...eal welfare. Henry Clay. Daniel Webster. John C. Calhoun. Nicholas Biddle: Old Hickory met those great captains and their legions separately and in alliance. He beat them to their knees. Nor were the peculiar gifts Jackson brought to the Presidency successful alone In the management of the dom , s• tic concerns of a democracy. His for. eign policy raised the prestige of the young American nation to a height not before attained among the powers of the world. Genuine respect abroad for American rights dates from Jackson. Through it all he had walked humbly. V e hip Departing for home one su di• rected mall to be forwarde m, re- addressed as follows: \Herm ge. near the Fountain of Health, Davidson County. Tennessee.\ The Fountain of Health was a healing spring of popular resort and. In the General's estimation, the most widely known place In the locality If proof of the accuraey of that estimate of Andrew Jackson is' needed, if additional evidence is desired to show why he was be- loved by the people of his time and why his name is honored by Americans of today almost as much as are the names of Wash- ington and Lincoln, perhaps both can be found in the statements of some of his contemporaries. A German nobleman, visiting in this country during the \reign of Jackson,\ quoted an unnamed senator, \who assumed to speak without partisanship\ as follows: \General Jackson called him- self the people's friend and gave proofs of his sincerity . . . Ile understood the people of the Unit- ed States better, perhaps, than any President before him, and developed as much energy in his administration as any American statesman . . Whether all his measures were beneficial to the people is beside the point; they were in unison with his political doctrines and carried through with an iron disregard of per- sonal consequence, notwithstand- ing the enormous opposition that wealth and talent could put in the way of their execution.\ And Daniel Webster, one of those whom he \met and beat to their knees,\ once declared: \General Jackson is an honest and upright man. Ile does what he thinks is right, and does it with all his might.\ \He does what he thinks is right, and does it with all his might\ — many an American would like to think that such a statement is the essence of his own credo. But, realizing that he does not live up to that ideal. there is some comfort for him hi giving his loyal devotion to a :':itriati Who does! It would be pleasant to chron- icle the fact that Andrew Jack- son, after eight turbulent years in the White House, returned to his beloved Hermitage near Nashville, Tenn., to spend his re- maining years in peace. Unfor- tunately, the opposite was true. When he went to Washington in 1829, he carried $5,000 With him. When he returned to Tennessee in 1837 there was just $90 in his wallet. And that fact is sym- bolic of the career of Andrew JacksOn, ex -President. During his long absence in the service of the nation his personal for- tunes had suffered and through the remaining years of his life he was to know little relief from financial difficulties. Most of this was due to his adopted son, Andrew Jackson, Jr., who seems to have had little of the strength of character or ability of his foster father. For he became \involved in a bottomless bog of debts\ for which his fath- er was in no way responsible but which he chose to assume be- cause of \a\ supersensitiveness to personal honor and because of an affection for the boy which nothing had been able to de- stroy.\ Nor were these personal affairs the only ones to trouble Andrew Jackson. Although he had re- tired from public life, that did not mearphe was no longer con- cerned with the welfare of his country. Probably no other ex - President has ever had such a direct part in shaping the des- tinies of the nation after . leaving the White House as did Andrew Jackson. He had brought about the elec- tion of Martin Van Buren and he helped his successor guide the ship of state safely through the shoals during the panic year of 1837. \With hearing failing, right eye nearly useless, and memory uncertain, the white-haired war- rior was still a chieftain—guid- ing, inspiring, strengthening faint hearts from his inexhaustible store of courage.\ Even when \Old Tippecanoe\ Harrison defeated Van Buren for re-election in 1841 the old man was undatnited. By the time JACKSON IN RETIREMENT From a print of a drawing from life by William If. Brown, owned by Emil Edward Huila of New York City. another campaign came around the annexation of Texas—that re- public which Old Hickory's lieu- tenant, Sam Houston, had helped found—was the most important question of the day. Jackson wanted Texas in the Union. But Martin Van Buren, again a can- didate for the Democratic nom- ination, feared to risk defeat at the hands of anti -slavery North- ern Democrats and straddled. So James K. Polk won the ncrm- ination and the election. There was no doubt where Polk stood on the Texas question. But disquieting rumors came to Jack- son. Sam Houston was flirting with England—Texas might be- come a British province instead of coming into the Union. There were several weeks of painful doubt for the patriarch of the Hermitage while Sam Houston was \playing off England, France, Mexico and the United States against each other In the cockpit of diplomacy.\ He was trying to win for Texas the best possible bargain in return for surrendering her sovereignty. Then in May, 1845, came word that Houston would accept the terms of annexation offered in a resolution passed by congress ,and signed by John Tyler on 'March 1, three days before he turned over his office to his suc- cessor. \Glorious tidings! Old Hick- ory traced a note to James K. Polk: 'I knew British gold could not buy Sam Houston!' Fighting for breath Jackson signed his name. 'My lamp is nearly burned out, and the last glimmer has come.' \ As a matter of fact, his lamp had been burning out for the last five years. But Andrew Jackson simply WOULD NOT DIE until Texas was safely in the Union. It was not until June 6, 1845, that the \last glimmer\ really came. Ruth Wyeth Spears o..\& THE napkins and mats are A fringed and then whipped to keep them from raveling and to strengthen the edge. This is a very quick and easy finish to use for linens of the coarser weaves and is in harmony with peasant dishes and provincial furniture. In cutting the material for the mats and napkins it is best to pull a thread to guide you so that the edges will be perfectly straight and fringe easily. Cut right along the little opening made in the ma- terial by drawing the thread as Bank Fire Only With Fresh Coal— Never Smother It With Ashes or Cinders. THERE is no mystery about A how to bank a flre for the night. I'd like to give you the easiest, simplest method I know of, so that you will have no trouble getting abundant heat in the morning. To make room for fresh coal, shake the grates gently until you see the first red glow in the ash - pit! Then pull the live coals toward the front, using a shovel or a hoe, so that the bed slopes downward from the edge of the firedoor to the back. Shovel fresh coal into the hollow, being careful to leave a spot of live coals ex- posed in front to act as a \hot spot\ in igniting the gases given off by the fresh coal, preventing puffs and explosions. Allow sufficient time for these gases to be exhausted before banking the flre. When this is done, close the ashpit damper, open the check damper, leaving the turn damper as nearly closed as possible. Never leave the fire - door open after the fire is banked for the night. WNU Service. shown at A. Plan the size of the mats and napkins so that the ma- terial will cut to good advantage and the stripes will arrange them- selves in a pleasing way through the center of each piece. Napkins for this purpose may be as small as nine inches square. Mats are usually about eleven by eighteen inches. Pull out the threads to make the fringe at the edge as I have shown here at B. From a half to three- quarters of an inch is a good depth for the fringe. Save the threads you pull out and use them for whipping the edge as I have shown here at C. Every Homemaker should have a copy of Mrs. Spears' new book, SEWING. Forty-eight pages of step-by-step directions for making slipcovers and dressing tables; restoring and upholstering chairs, couches; making curtains for ev- ery type of room and purpose. Making lampshades, rugs, otto- mans and other useful articles for the home. Readers wishing a copy should send name and address. enclosing 25 cents, to Mrs. Spears. 210 South Desplaines St., Chicago, Illinois. A General Quiz sas.....samebasakamakausaiabasasia•aiasas 1. The United States census bu- reau automatically moves a town into the city class when its pop- •' reaches what number? 2. Which is correct, the \wid- ow's mite\ or the widow's mites\? 3. What does the name \Copen- hagen\ mean? 4. How much money is in cir- culation in the United States? 5. What birds constitute the only wild life in the Antarctica? 6. What was the fastest run ever made on skis? Answers 1. Two thousand five hundred. 2. Mites. According to Luke 21:2, she cast \two mites\ into the treasury. 3. It means merchants' haven. 4. As of August 31, 1937, the to- tal amount of money in circula- tion was $7.52.3,901,587. 5. Penguins. 6. Kjelland, Norwegian ski champion, attained a speed of nearly 100 miles an hour at St. Moritz, Switzerland, on February 16, 1933.

The Ekalaka Eagle (Ekalaka, Mont.), 31 Dec. 1937, located at <>, image provided by MONTANA NEWSPAPERS, Montana Historical Society, Helena, Montana.