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- setreee e s •• •e, of the country's best exhiletors of prizo whining liersee. The list follows: M. Im. Akers, Adam Beek, Raymond Bel- mont, Frederic Bull. Colin Caniebell. J. II. Frederiel. M. lial ies. Rob. ' ert A Iseirbairn. Henry reirnix. Jo- eeph XV. lee - rim:in. 1rthur G. Leine eel, 1Viiiiant 11. elem ., . J. A. spoor. Nialeelm Stephetiempip. E. T. seem:bury. Alfred G. Vatiderbiit, Reginald C. Van- derhilt. G. Mifflin 1,Vharemn and for Inner Lieu ten to omen ior I Inra ce White. The letter sucteetled R03, Gas- Her mu Ito weighed Alfred G. Vimileripill is the pr.'.ident E. T. Siotestpury. Vice president: Fred- erick M. Daviee, treasurer. and James seeretary. Pt Pt NEW QUEST OF SCIENCE \Viten the Vale Permian expedition returns next (ffiristmne its tnembers ire expected to bring hitherto undieeofer- ed secrets retool the retnams of men found in Peru supposed to be between !ADVANTAGE OF PERSONAL Survey of the Worlds News CONTACT WITH TRADESMEN Farm Ady)ice and Sagge.stion I — W Corresnondinu With Mud Order Houses I FALL SPRAYING ADVISED W HEN the new parcels Post I I 22.000 and 50.000 years old. 111runi Jan. 1 twelve new stamps whose mission Is to ascertain whether chasion Your Goods. le Unsatiaetory Way of Pur- I system becomes operativeon Bingham Is head of the expedition, I will be placed on sale in Peru really was the cradle of the Me - - postoffices for affixing to packages. These stamps will be larger than the ; ordinary postage stamps and so dis- tinctive as to prevent possible confu- sion with other stamps. The twelve stamps will be issued In three series of designs. In the first series modern methods of transporting mail will be illustrated. The mail car of a railway train will be shown on one stamp, an ocean eteamer on an- other; the third will have a motor wagon of the type used in the postal service, and the fourth will Mem a mill carrying aeroplune. Postal em- ployees AVIII be shown at work in the second series. The figures will be those of railway mall clerks, postoffice clerks, city letter carriers and rural free delivery carriers. The third se- ries will represent four Industrial zones, showing the principal sources of products that will be transported most extensively by parcels post. By Dec. 1 the stamps will probably be ready for distribution to the 60,000 postoffices in the country. Special maps with zone circles mark- ed off In red, for use of postmasters in determining retes on parcel. post packages, are based on a so called \flawless\ map of the United States coast and geodetic survey. The ne- cessity of obtaining a perfect map is to prevent error in computing postage as such would make a considerable difference In the rate from any given point. The aim Is to got maps in the hands of the postinnsters as rourh In advance of Jan. 1 next, when the law becomes effective. as possible, to give them time for study. ARGENTINA'S SIG PROJECT At an estimated cost of $50,000,000 a new railway is to be built in Argen- tina. It will follow almost a straight line from Rosario to Mendoza. R Pt ILLINOIS WOMAN JUSTICE Judge Mary Bartelme, the first wo- man ever honored with a call to the bench in Illinois, who sits as associate justice with Judge Pickney, asserts her belief in the immediate necessity for reform in trials by jury by amend- ment of time statute to permit service of women s equally with men. Pt et TO ENCOURAGE ORATORY William B. Austin. president of the Hamilton club Of Chicago, has an- nounced the tmrganization of an inter- eolleginte oratorical contest open to I representative: from the universities ; ef minute In. M iclni gao, Iowa. Illinois, V'. 'seen , iti until and North- , e; stern ani mtiversities. The , !rest mu !:I he 1., ni citicago tinder, ; .,• misemes of t I • elip on Feb. 10. ' VP THE HORSE SHOW ri m emielini Ilorse Show is with us re: M. Itimeniime Saturday. Nov. it till Nev. *21 Madison Square imenee: will daily is' the seene of eesi-len'e I est erre:teem The boxes il is• tiluibwith ye)ple frinions in tee ieseety world ef the country. T1: • of directors of the Na - ti' mit net., slimes- is practically the Paine a , litst yoifir.- It iii' lode'. most man race, as has been asserted. The expedition was organized under the auspices of Yale university and the Na- tional Geographic society, and will ; make efforts to continue and extend the wori. accomplished by the Vale Penni- I an expedition of last year, utilizing the discoveries then made and continuing ! further along the same lines. Twenty . ittousand dollars wait raised for the present work. Yale contributing $10,11100 ; anti the National Geographic society ' an equal amount. An attempt will be made to discover ii ml identify the pinees mentioned in ; the Spanish chronicles and in the early . accounts of Peru, particularly the Places connected with the thirty-five years of hum rule after the advent of Pizarro. et BADEN-POWELL'S ROMANCE After his engagement to Miss Nave St. Clair Snamee, an English girl. had been nnnounced Lieutenant General Sir Robert Baden-Powell. speaking of the ze-oetilng of his romance at the age of fifty-six. said: ,, The affair was not so new as per- sons imagined. As a matter of fact, Miss Stinnes was traveling in the West Photo by American Press Association. Lieutenant General Sir Robert Baden- Powell, the English War Hero. Indies when I went there in January, and we were In America on Washing- ton's birthday, Feb. 22, whiele curious- ly enough, is the date of my fiancee's ; birthday and of my own. I well re- I member how we were both interested in the little axes which they sell for I year in the buttonhole in the United States on that day.\ Miss Soames is much younger than the hero of Mafeking. Pt R. SHE RULES JOHANNESBURG Mrs X M. Ellis reeently was elected mayor of Johannesburg. South Africa. She is said to have an unusual reeord w 11 suceessful business woman. Pt Pt INVENTOR OF SHORTHAND The centenary of the birth of Sir Isaac Pitman, the inventor of the ac- cepted system of shorthand now in rime throughout the English speaking world Will be commemorated Jan. 4 next. In England the preparations for the celebration of the anniversary are In the hands of a distinguished commit- tee, with Sir Thomas Crosby. lord mayor of Loudon. »t its head. A com- mittee has also imeen erg:in:zed to fit- tingly observe the occasion in the United States. Tite projected proeram in this coun- try will inelude dinners in all of the leading cities:, nt whieh seeeches will be made by eminent educators and business men. Among the hit of distinguished pa- trons who have promised to lend their financial %Immo to a fitting eelebra- Gen of Sir leaae l'intem's birth ap- pears the mime of Andrew Carnegie. The New Volt committee consists of charles M. Miller. direetor of the M tune Vi'rnen Trust ei in k p ans me t Km :m e n' Id I he 4..orn S'hoots' as\ -hut liii liarld .1. Gme , rge. ereeident of the Shorthand Writers Asseilation Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt, Head of of . thwri ,„ ; %v. lia „,„,„„. 1. member National Horse Show, of the faculty or St. Jeltit's etmes t re, }tee -phis n, end iteemert .% Kees. assoei- nte editor ce Pit man's Jouraal Pt et EVENTS OF THE WEEK Nov. 11.--,11111lIal Ill/Piing of time Atneriean .Sssociation of Partners' in- destriel Workers and annual meeting of the Americett .1ericultural conteree and Experiment Anthem at Ai ili a. Ga Annual convention o f the Amer_ lean Federatitin of Labor at Imelies ter. N. le Nov 13 Fnited Daughters of the Coefetieraey nil Vasitingtoti. Nom is. .ttneriean mining congress e011VelieS :it Spiphane, sensh. St It BRITISH LAUNCHINGS The iatinching if the British super - 1 liremittought [row:hike; by I he itueliese of Wellington Nov. 12 will be renewed . hy a like ce.eutony for the s up er . itreatinoneht Neuribortemit, the Dutetess of Marlborough presiding. How good It is to have friends: Do you realize the local merchant is your friend it is lie who tries to make your life easier by contracting for goods which he takes a chance ou your buying from him. Ile invests his com- paratively small capital in things that you need, you use, always with an eye for filling your wants. If he handles perishable goods it is his lose if they become uneatable. He must worry and (eke the responsibility for the running of his business. And what is it all for: The local merchant, as a rule, If lie is adjudged a success, takes no more profit than the success- ful man working for a salary. Yet be is forced to be always agreeable to his customers whether he feels In the hu- mor or not and must shoulder the full weight of the cares of his business. Take the head of a large mail order concern. Ile also is filled 'with the cares of business. But Ms mind works along different channels from those of the local merchant. Flue words and al- luring paragraphs sent to your home In expensive circulars (for which you pay) are his specialty. He may get up in the morning with a grouch and his III temper stay with him all day. Ile doesn't have to sup- press his feelings before his custom- ers because his customers never come In contact with him. He has huntiteds of clerks under him who are formed Into various departments. If you have received something front his concern of which you have some complaint to offer, you write to the office and a subordinate replies, usunily with a stereotyped excuse signed by one of the managers. If this answer is un- satisfactory you write again and again. perhaps, before you get anywhere near a satisfactory rectification of your complaint. ' In just this respect Is where the lo- cal merchant proves his value. If by chance an occdsion arises in which he has not given you entire satisfaction ; the local merchant is always there to receive you and makes things right. ! He has to And he does it at once. , You see the proprietor in this case. anti HE is responsible to you, not some clerk a hundred or a thousand miles . away whom you never saw or con - ! versed with. It Is to your advantage. Mr. Cus- tomer, to trade at home. Leave your i money with -the man who is working to please you and who has east his lot with your community. Don't die- • courage an optimist All local mer- chants are optimist, when they start In business, and it is up to the pur- chasing public to help Increase that optimism. Optimism cannot prevail In any town whose people send money to the grasping mail order houses while the local merchant right at one's very door. continually catering to the wants of townspeoplehis fellow buy stocking his store with necessary sup- plies, Is left to fail for want of patron- age. TO KILL FRUIT TREE ILLS. Only Way to Control San Jose Scale and Other Pests is Treatment With insecticides. Ninny men have picked qualities of I mes' fruit from trees that a few years before seemed hopelessly taken by ' sepie and other pests. Controlling San Jose scale is a decidedly easy propo- sttion when compared to some orchard mete. Aceidentally, the lime sulphur smitten was found to be an effective remedy. It is today the leading rem - iv for controlling the scale, says the A :nerican Agriculturist. All spraying for the control of the San Jose settle must be done while the trees are dormant -that is, after the :eaves droll in the fill and before they appear in the spring. As a rule, the conditions for spraying in the fall are more ideal than in the early spring, as there are more calm, warm days at that time. Then, too, if one fails to cover all the tree the first time he will have opportunity to go over the tree again in the spring, which could not be done if the first spraying came in ; the spring. In all cases where scale is ; serious a thorough application should , be given in the fall. The results of spraying depend upon the thorough- ness of the application. Every twig on • ; every tree must he coated with the • mixture if best results are to be had. ! A single live scale left on a twig may ; infest the whole tree in one season, hence the importance of thoroughness In the work. Fall spraying will be very beneficial to the orchard in other ways as well as by getting the scale under control. Nothing is known that will be more effective in the way of cleaning tip trees than the application of these chemicals. They will cause the re - 'naval of the old dead bark and the Improvement of the general appear- ance of the tree. It Is difficult for one to believe that by simply spraying cer- tain chemicals on a tree such changes will result. The only way Is to try them on your own trees. Then, too, fall spraying is a great help in clean - in fungous diseases. There are large numbers of disease spores being scattered about the -orchard all through the fall and winter, and it is impossi- ble to determine how mei) benefit will result from fall spraying if these spores are destroyed. Treatment For Scaly Leg. The repulsive looking scaly legs In chickens can be improved in appear- ance a whole lot by rubbing them at intervals of a few days with n salve made of equal parts of lard, sulphur and kerosene. Fall Tree Planting. If you intend to plant a feti choice trees next spring dig large holes for them in fall, fill them with manure, removing the next spring, and filling it up to the desired depth of the tree. _ The Sunday School Lesson SENIOR BEREAN, INTERNATIONAL SERIES. Golden Text. -Thou art the Christ. the Son of the living God. -Matt. xvi, 16. ('ha pier viii. 27-30.-A great confes- sion. Jesus was now more than ever de- termined to meet the twelve by thete- : selves. So he kept away as much se possible fnen places In the north where he would probably be known and entered \the towns of Caesaret Philippi.\ This city was about twes- ty-tive miles from the semi of Galilee. • ••• • \By the way.\ like states thPt Jesus approached this season of (lir - reitizing tbe disciples after ml period sf : prayer (tempter ix. iSp \Whom tin men say flint I niti?\ !efferent impres- SIMI , : had been made on the people. htt in every ease Jesus Wag regarded ne severe mid uneompromising teachee \Johu the Baptist\ was the prophet of unswerving loyalty in the law of right - temneness. - Elias - was the fiery sentiree of Jelternit, beraltline peletity to kini and pimple. \title of the prophets\ einithew adds the eame of Jeremi a h, whin hall predicted the e•zi:e. All the•e gllesses 41)1141111Iva that mm - ti'. olt 'if the erdintiry lint they were Mee; quete. \lint whom say ye that I am!' Did the ill'., iles share iti these co. , r.- i.n1S? Here W:1S 4 , 1.1 them io litter their mind. anti i'mor emzed it en behalf 'if the teelve art the (attest.\ alatthew add. eite Son if the living and Lithe r• - !sorts the reply in lite werde \ti e I hos( or God. - Tipp three :peree ill tile essential truth that Jests is thi• Messiah.. This eonft•ssion Wt.; neeeptSble. umi I Jissits Shed OD Vet holy bears:Me:en !mate ms e \Tell tem men er him. - II...tritely pse - mantled that they steeitid not known this truth about his litissiatiP character to the pemile. They ii or,' not yet prepared for it. end missce ceplions would ,rurely chapter vile heti misethe The important feature in his Mettle - that of the twelve is here explic.r set forth. \Must suffer many thmes - The themeht suffering was impulsi.e. :title:melt the proem re had emphasized it. 'The elders\ )%ere \the teenprofessitenti or lay element .TI Ille council\ csnette.. \The priests. - l'hese Pee:rested or Ili , .• priest, the ex -high priests and the lead- ers of the priestly party who belonged to the Snsidtmees. \The scribes\ were the teachers or doctors of the lay. - (Luke et, Ire -- Rejected.\ • • • \killed • • • \rise again.\ These three events literally took place In Je rusalem, and the instigators were these members of the sanhedrin. \Openly\ -without reserve or modifi- cation. HO that the diselpies could un- derstand his meaning. \Peter tool: him.\ This was not an act of sheer Impulse, but was done after thought: hence the force of the severe rebuke of Jesus. \Get thee behind me. Satan.\ It was tlui same temptation of :in easy way to success, at the cost of character. Ihnt Jesus resisted once be- fore In the wiltlernese (Matt. iv. 101. Peter was here inspired by the evil r,ne, whe for the moment was using him as his agent. \Savorest not.\ \mlndest not\ (revision). The fact that he resisted the ptirpoee of Jesus WAR proof that he was not in sympa- thy with the mind of Goil. Chapter MO. 34, to lx. I.- A eerione progratp. Some • t:rue wag given in the ponipie in the menages of Caoent•en Philippi. Many were trying to Plitt; lite kitig- a se e of (hid on Ott -ii' term. and with - net entetitierine. (silly the epoiminiene. These words mei discipleship are imd- tireseed to \the temple.\ • \with his dist-Mies. - N. one is rejected ex- ce pt those wile deelperreely reivet the co nd I Hone. \W I, ese ever vm ill 4: - 01M. after me. - menns :es! 1 - :!1. vItho1lt resp ef eerst ne \1 m ile eim e eir.\ True eelf denial mime runt ; consist in tenth:Wow but in eteleeern_ ! lion or ltre to .Tesits iip hi., cross '• This is the '43110%01 of ,m1,-- ; tined, - Sri re 111.: 1;ro.\ 1Te who is tnovott liva '.1 in er seer seeleole mey „main Wor1.11!. p. n .,. i n crapsrarpra. 1 ,,, tl:e Weber lif e of the Spirit \it shalt it prof- i t ?•• Not \lily is the exclettere of doubtful advent:tem it is a r . 0 ,1 : i ve l o ss. -ASIt.i!rell ef me and of my • wortie\--theeterli a leek of moral eolll'aire 10 sta ali for the truth mis One ! ,, r .. c c it. \1 sinful.\ bem- en s t qe they had tiwneri lie ay from floe. \When hi' cometh\--nt the end of the world. fe eit the itTaIrs of mirth - • • iim: Power Spray Outfit In Use Photograph by Missouri state fruit experiment station. - WE OUGHT TO DO AS WELL - French farmers get 20.3 bush- - els of wheat from the acre on the average; our farmers get 11.7 - bushels. Speaking at a confer- ence of bankers' committees - from the various states held in 7. Minneapolis James J. Hill told - about farming in Denmark, the - model farm country of the - world. They raise thirty-eight - bushels of wheat to the acre. 2 Their land originally was very - poor. \By keeping dairy cattle,\ .\ said Mr. Hill, \they fertilized the - land, and they have gone on un- - - til now they have exported to •-• Great Britain $48,000,000 a year - - of butter and $21.000000 of ba- •- eon. They feed their own two million six hundred odd thou- sabd of people, and they export annually $9 an acre ,for every T acre of land In Denmark. For a - period of ten years the gross re - :e. celpts from our farms altogether - have not been $0 an acre.\ • •-• f. $ Get Out and See Things. A farmer Is very apt to stay at home too much to compete with other indus- tries. We must go out and see what is being done. Farmers must work along scientific ilnes, co-operate to make an acre yield more and a cow 'produce more and use the most modern machin- ery like other Industries.-Ameriean Cultivator. A TWENTY-EIGHT BUSHEL TRIP What Extra - Yield of Wheat Meant to an Oklahoma Family, The Hoidens live near Atuorita. Okla The farm spreads over a little more than 1,000 acres, 800 of which is in wheat. This wheat harvested twenty- eight bushels to the acre this year and - thereby hangs the story to explain a special car 'attached to the Orient reg- ular passenger a abort time ago when it pulled into Wichita, Kan. \Boys said William Hoiden. time father, \If she goes twenty bushels or better I'll take you all -the whole kit and boodle of you -to California on a sightseeing trip.\ \She\ went twenty-eight bushels. se Mr. Hoiden did bundle the \whole Mt nnd boodle\ of them into a special car rind went to California. And the -whole kit and boodle\ meant forty-five per- sons. There were Pfl Hoiden, seven boys and girls, the wives of a few married sons, fourteen or fifteen grand- children, two nephews, one or two hired band& and mother. The trip was Eri last a rifouth. \The extra eight bushels en acre.\ said Mr. Holden. \will pay the bill for the trip. The 800 acres yielded shout 23,000 Sushels, witicie sold for $21.8.10. nearly $10.000 more than I ex- pected to get.\-Couutry Gentleman Old, but True. Raise horses for big money, cattle for sure money and bogs fen quirk money, is an old saying, and a good one. Tradition Of the Arctic Night By SAMUEL E. ON ERTON HAT there have been great cli- matic changes in different parts of the earth is well known. lint. though geologists can tell us that they hnve occurred. they do not tell tie why. Seine of hem have possibly come to pass since mut attnineti sufficient iutelligenee to hand down from generation to genera- tion traditions coucerning their origin. These traditions, arising when the hit- mau fancy was untrammeled by fact and when rude people spoke by natural symbols. are often very poetic. here is one current among the Eskimos of Greenland accounting for a change they believe long ago took place de- priving them of perpetual sunshine and substituting the dreary arctic night: \Time was - when the sun. white) now hides himself beyond the southern ocean for many months in winter, cir- clet' always above the northern hori- zon. As it is now night for many months, it was then always day, for at midnight the sun still stood above the horizon. Then our mantle. Instead of the white one it now is, was a per- petual green. Our people lived on luscious fruits that grew without cul- ture and bathed in the tepid waves that danced lightly on the strand. In • those days they knew only happiness. - But one day when some were mak- ing merry under the green trees and ' others were sporting in the waves a canoe white as the snow amid wheel Sri' new live was discovered far ont at sea, now gently raised on the crest of a billow, now sinking out of sight. but ; slowly drifting teward the laird. \Aivestruele She people welted on Ito' verge till the white canoe reached !•the sands. and there within It, infold- mei it, a robe of ermine, lay a maiden whose shin was fair and WISOSe hair fell over her shoulders like rivulets of sunshine. The chief stood where the ranee toeshel the beach and, stooping. melt tire maiden in his tants. carried her up to a grassy sI(.11c and fished: 'What art them and whence comet!' thou -' • 1 11 .:. eie Delfa. the date:leer of the Spirit pir the Wind.. and 1 collie from illse-s; este. in the far .portie• \ eine w ill ,10.1 stay with tts.' risked the ehief, win yeti, having gladden- e.l our hearts I,y 3otir centime, leave ue I. , remember toil ;is !II 2 I'M:Val . : . — 1 will not 'olive :tott. My home be with you forever.' - Then was iteerd a far distant meaning in the north, rising as it ap- Proitehed till it been me an awful rear. ens the vole, of the Spirit of the MIAS. and it eommanded our people retnrn at Mire Ills daughter to her wiete home in the north. Terror pericken. the peopie & e mcee' thelr ier thrill hesenglet him to rive (Inc maiden to her fattier. But the thief stood mute, poniting te hie house which wits nee - ruin. Ent- - trig there, they saw on a eouch tht• Inahlons her bandit. white as marble, folded over Iter breast. \Then an awe greater !lion thnt which had fallen on time people when the maiden first tnuched their land came to then). for they knew a great calamity was about to visit them. The leitie of the Winds look:ed down on the form of his daughter, now cold in death. awl great was his wrath. 'rho multi - Ode Iznelt before ii in. supplicating him to spare them. But he heeded Tins their prayers. At his commniel his servant, the darkness. ratite and threw a bia.'k mantle over the \And zio. bereft of the lieht and warmth of the sun, the verdure whiten- ed nnil died. The riorth wind blew snow front the clouds find the cold eft:genteel the waters. The sun. whilst , track hind been n golden efrele in the north, went to the south amid hid be- hind the ocean for many months. Then ofir nneestorm who had lived under the trees, fearing no frost. were &Meet] te build huts to protect them from the med. The wnrm waves in whiell they hind bathed beenme icy cold, then hnrd- ewe]. The people, liereft of the fruits of the earth exposed to the void, died In eireat numbers. It was many months herons the stems Mug reit nted smiffi- ciently tim permit the stun to show his face again nu(' hie warm iprenth tn re- , Mee the frozen hind even for a brief i Reason. - Sinee that period. emery winter, the min gees south and leaves us in dark- neve. The fruits grew so plen- tifully for us have never flourished again. But the spirit that deprived 11F of them sent the while bear and Hu. ; watrus, and we are obliged In Mem them in order to sustain ourselves with their men! mini warm our Wipe by burning their oil. The sun centinnes every winter to hide his face beneath the mmeenn 1!uil n - hen he comes Mee: in summer shine- , for so short n perieri • thet ti.ere is 110 tItlle for the fruits of • the earth to ripen\ Is this trndition, based on seine change in ti.' Merle in vehitei the earth see meee, mi new direction In the elm rent of that mighty river we en]] the ; gulf strenm. a shrinknge in the tin -re' - trial crust, or is It an ebullition of that poetic eonstitntinn ennunon anumg men Is -hell they first enter upon a civilized condition? Whether it is ttp be ex- ! pinined by the first or the 'permit() hy- pothesis, if - ie eertainty a very beauti- ful conception. And it is to these con- reptione of primitive peopire groping in the imexpinliterl universe, eraepinc for the truth, that tee port who interprets the werld of rotnanoe indet , ted. • e