Geyser Judith Basin Times (Geyser, Mont.) 1911-1920, February 12, 1915, Image 2

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t- , Plf.woo E ove,o‘v-• Gn/V.I.\.184Z\ ENICO'S plight is more perious than it has been in the gloomiest days of Madero or Iluerta. More than ever the prey to a thousand petty leaders, subject to the loot of wandering Irregular troops, gov- erned only by chiefs having the allegiances of a section of the country, the intelligent men and women among her fifteen millions see no ray of sunshine, no Diaz or Juarez appearing to restore order men a strong hand. Dispatches from the agents of the United States gevernment to the officials there are not pleasant reading for the friends of Mexico. If there is one man of a horn the Americans interested in Mexico have hope it is Antonio Villareal. He enlisted early in the cause of Car- ranza's constitutionalists and was fighting steadily .up to the date of the taking of Monterey, in the capture of which he assisted. Then he was ap- pointed governor of Nuevo Leon. He was men- tioned many times for his part in the conference at Torreon, which followed the first open break between Carranza and Villa and later Carranza offered him the post of war minister. He acted as president of the second or Aguas- calientes convention, it will be remembered. Car- ranza, when he began his short period of \glory\ in Mexico City, made Villareal minister of finance, but Villareal became disgusted with the inepti- tude of the Carranza crowd and resigned. Villareal is quiet and unassuming in manner. and this means more in Mexico than it would in the United States. He is thirty-eight years old, well educated, and speaks good English, having been a school teacher. When a youth he became involved in a dispute with a rival to a certain woman's affections and killed him. He served four years in the penitentiary. But with this he has the cleanest record of any man In Mexico who is in a positon of power. Villareal once was editor of a Spanish paper published in St. Louis. Ile is daring and at the same time tactful. He is not antagonistic toward Americans, either, and frequently goes out of his way to accommodate them. In his bold frankness and hatred of shams he is much more like an American than any of the other Mexican leaders. Carranza and Villa both like Villareal, and he Is the only man they both like. While he has always protected foreigners and even forbade the publication of anti-American articles in Monterey, he was much hurt by the presence of American troops in Vera Cruz. This was the one thing ,which stood in the way of his approval of things American. As to Villa, lie has long ago become familiar in ability and character to Americans. He is a great military genieS, but nd civil executive, and he knows R. His game now is to be the power behind the throne—to rule through the de facto Mexico City president. Eulallo Gutierrez. If Villa ever attempts to occupy the presidential chair he will probably travel the rest of the road of Diaz. Huerta and Carranza in short order. Before the present troubles started Gutierrez was a watchman employed by the big Mazipul Copper company at Zacatecas. This concern owns SCIENCE IN ITS EARLY YEARS Efforts of Truly Great Men Largely Nullified by the Work of the Sophists. And so it happened that, about 6: - )0 B. C., there arose Males, who, by his wide experience and the persistent en thuslasm with which he carried on investigation, earned the title of Fa- ther of Science. And so, also, shortly after him, Anaximander, by committing his knowledge to writing. brought into existence the first scientific manu- script. The sixth century, like the seventh, was still a period of origins. It saw the physical researches of Py- thagoras. and the historical studies of Hecataeus. In the fifth century Greek learning reached its climax. This age was resplendent with the names of Thucydides, who wrote history with critical care; of Heraclitus, who con- ceived of a universal reign of law, and of Hippocrates. the Father of Medi- cine. Its greatest character was So- crates, the barefooted, questioning sage of the market place of Athens. With ever burning enthusiasm for truth, this great teacher attempted, by quiet and candid debate, to aid men to make their concepts clear, and to give words definite meanings,, trusting that through the correct use of the reason they would arrive at a recognition of superiority of right actions. The fourth century was both an advance and a decline. It comprised the work of , Platt) and Aristotle, the one elaborat- ing the concepts of Socrates with po- etic power, the other systematizing knowledge in truly scientific form But ir thie th , lemend for brilliant , GEYSER .TUDITII BASIN TIMES I at - Azelz - CoAdge.E.PA t L .%-z1 NEWS SERVICE f Giii/..L5(314 factories, mines and 4 . ailroads. It i,s_the_property of With:hers. Gutierrez made himself a power in the consti- tutionalist party rather by destroying property than by actual hard fighting. Ile became dicta- tor of the Zacatecas district and set out to annoy his old employer, General Manager Percy Carr of the Mazipul Copper company, who, of course. heti never heard of Gutierrez while the latter was a humble watchman. The copper tompany was the proprietor of the railroad running to Zacatecas and had arranged a special train to take away the families of foreigners. As soon -as Gutierrez heard of this he telephoned to Carr in Saltillo that Carr must pay him $27000 for the privilege of running this train over Caer's own railroad or else the sol- diers of the ex -watchman would not let the cars pass. \If you don't pay, and send the train through. you know what will happen,\ said Gutierrez, and he could not have made his meaning clearer to ('arr had he drawn his finger across his throat. So ('arr paid the money and the women and children, chiefly Americans, reached the border without hurt. superficial learning as an asset for climbers led to the rise of the Soph- ists. These popular teachers. (iv their careless, sweeping generaliza- tions and their rhetorical embellish- ments, turned the Greek mind aside from the simple pursuit of truth, and entangled it In unprofitable metaphys- ical speculations.—Engineering Maga- rime. American Dentist in Europe. But let me tell you about the Ameri- can dentist in the European war. The hospital physician told me that he no- ticed early In his war work that many of the soldiers were suffering from toothache more than from their wounds. So every wounded man was examined by a dentist before he was taken to the ward. It was discovered that a large percentage of the men from the trenches had swollen gums, and that by treating their mouths they were cured and ready for the front ten days earlier than In cases where their teeth were allowed to go. The Eng- lish,, he said, had the worst teeth, the Arabs the best.--\Ifere and There in Battle -Scarred France.\ Peter Mac. Queen, In National Nlagazige. Botanical Curloilty. Since 1ft93, when Prof. John Muir - head Macfarlane, now director of the botanical garden at the University of Pennsylvania, found, that the leaves of the plant known as the Venus fly trap will close up only if the trigger hairs are disturbed twice in succession, very little has been learned about the phys- iology of this curious insect-catching plant.- During the past year, however some new experiments have been ‘04117/9/10 Mt9001(.217 Gutierrez' specialty of ruining houses, bridges and railroads earned for him the title of \The Destroyer.\ Ile never displayed any such mili- tary ability as Villa; but destruction is popular with the Mexican soldiery, it must be remembered. Gutierrez plundered and robbed with slight heed to what , Carratiza cand Villa were doing. He seized property of Americans and put it to his own purposes, while Carranza ignored protests, despite his title of first chief. Last July he sent a denkand to C••••r, ordering him to resume all the Mazipul indust,....s at once. It must be remembered that the British company had been closed down for Months. There was no fuel, no cars, no railroad tracks, and there was no financial basis. Yet the order from the 'ex watchman read to \start up the works, as North Mexico is n e pacified and there is no excuse for delay.\ It was a physical impossibility, so Carr went to Carranza with a final protest. Carranza in- formed Carr he could delay resumption, and for this Gutierrez seized $300,000 worth of ore owned by the company and sought to sell it as contraband, in which lie probably succeeded. Carranza has degenerated into the head of a band of looters. The scenes accompanying his evacuation of Mexico City, it is learned, were disgraceful. The national treasury was robbed of all except about 200,000 pesos, which must have been overlooked. Every ounce of gold and silver in the 'mint was taken. Also there went printing presses, plates and the entire stock of batik note paper in the government printing offices. Thfb public offices were stripped of fit- tings, inkstands, typewriters, furniture, rugs, car- pets and curtains. Even the huge presidential chair in the National palace was crated and borne off. It is estimated that automobiles valued at three million pesos at least were taken out of the city. atiny of them commandeered from private citizens and foreigners. At the Buena Vista station of the Mexican rail- way train after train drew out in the direc lion of Vera Cruz laden down with every con- ceivable sort of plunder—motors, furniture, horses, pianos, paintings and safes. Even Iluerta was out -I luertaed. The now ridiculous Carranza is set up at Vera Cruz. His causfi is hopelessly lost. Among hit remaining leaders, however, Gen. Alvaro Obregoe looms large. He is undoubtedly a strong man He has kept Gen. Lucio Blanco in line for Car ranza and saw that the retreat from Mexico CIO was not an entire rout. However, Obregon Is I plunderer like the rest. Another man who should not escape mentics is Governor Jose Maria Maytorena of Sonora whose men have been besieging the Carranza general. Hill, in Naco. In Sonora Maytorena is supreme and he is idolized' by the Indians. lit is not friendly toward Americans, and there is well-defined conviction among the American arms officers along, the border that Maytorena could by a word have prevented the snipers' bullett which killed and wounded 52 persons from corn ing over the international boundary line at Naco So far lie has confined himself to the Northwest If Maytorena ever decides to follow the path from the north of most of Mexico's conquerors front the time of Juarez it may he with no mean army made that bring its behavior into line with the behavior of animals in cer- tain respects. The leaves are sensi- tive to mechanical disturbances, to electrical stimulation and to the sud- den increase In temperature as through the application of warm Wa- ter. At ordinary temperatures it takes two stimulations to get up the re- sponse; but at higher temperatures one \shock\ will cause the leaf to close. At ordinary temperatures one electric shock will produce the effect if it Is strong enough. Wonderful Wireless. There is apparently no limit to the future possibilities of the wireless. Wireless storm warnings and general weather forecasts for ships at sea, cov- ering conditions 100 miles off shore along the entire Atlantic coast. was inaugurated by the United States navy department on July 15, 1913. Direct wireless communication between America and Asia was established by the completion of stations in Siberia and Alaska, the stations being about 500 miles apart. Today no vessel of any consequence plies the oceans with- out its system of wireless. and its ef- fectiveness in receiving news of the present European war is well known. London's First Ambulances. London, which has never yet had an ambulance, has at last ordered six of them, and expects them to do all the work for the entire city. In case of past accidents the policemen have had to commandeer the nearest wagon, depending on the generosity of the driver, as they were not able to offer him anything MARRIAGE AS A VOCATION Writer Thinks, However, That Prep aration Should Be Made for It by Both Parties. Marriage should be looked upon a: a vocation and not a mere avocation argues one who signs herself \Femin- ist\ in an open letter to one of the daily papers. The writer, who had been a teacher, but who is now a mother, has been surprised that be ing a wife and mother is a \pro fession, the successful performanct of whose duties requires all my ef fort and all my time,\ \Feminist.' thinks that women generally do not realize this or refuse to face it, that young women contemplating matri mony should be made to realize that' they are choosing a profession qait( as important as medicine, law or bust nese, and that, if possible, a prepare tory course should be required before ,granting the certificate to practlee the profession of wife and mother Thit sounds very well and would be ad filtrable if it could be carried through But as there are two paths in mar nags it would be very one-sided if tht woman received all the training a good, stiff preparatory course for tht young man contemplating the proles sion of husband and father would tat quite as much In order. If we hart one, let us have- the other. also.— Francis Frear in Leslie's Weekly Seek Treasure in Paris. Wealthy Parisians have bought an entire block of houses In that city, alit will tear them down to hunt foi Roman and Gothic treasures. n Montana Important Doings of Past Few Days Throughout the State. Edited and Arranged for Our Readers. ASK FOR RIGHT TO USE PARKS Autoists Want to Drive Over New Highway Connecting Yellowstone and Glacier National. Missoula.—Because the war will di- ,vert much American travel to the west coast and the Rocky mountains this year, and because of the added traffic westward by the north route, due to the exposition in California. Montana cities are uniting in an effort to per- suade t ranklin K. Lane of the depart- 'inent of the interior to allow auto- mobile traffic in Yellowstone National 'park this year. Missoula is the larg- est city on the park -to -park highwtiy 'which connects the two national parka —Glacier National park to the north on the route of the Great Northern, and Yellowstone National park on the south, reached by the Northern Pa- cific. If machines are not allowed in Yel- lowstone National park there will be little incentive to utilize this mountain highway. Traversing the Big Hole ba- sin and crossing the divide into the Bitter Root valley at Gibbon's paks, the road leads through the famous fruit valley along the banks of the Bitter Root river to Missoula. From Missoula it passes over the Mission range of mountains and on to the Flathead Indian reservation, following the shores of Flathead lake to Glacier National park. The road here approaches the point known as \the roof of the continent,\ that crest of the mountains from which point three\ snowballs can be thrown that will drain into three sep- arate oceans: into the waters of the Pacific slope. the Atlantic slope and the Arctic drainage. MONTANA HAS NEW INDUSTRY More Than 300 Apiarists in State at Present—Bees Almost Unknown Five Years Ago. Bozeman.—On the closing day of the country life convention, held at the state agricultural college here, beekeepers from various sections of Montana organized a state beekeep- er's association with Dr. W. M. ('open - (laver of Helena, president; A. 11. Bell of Els°, vice president, and l'ercy P. Kolb of Billings, secretary and treas- urer. Bees were almost unknown !n Mon- tana a half decade ago. The remark- able increase the last two years in the production of alfalfa, as and clover has transformed many of the irrigated valleys of the state into ideal bee pas- tures. There are at present more than 300 apiarists in Montana, sonic of them having as many as 2,000 stands. By the formation of a state associa- tion, the beekeepers hope to secure standardization of supplies and to ob- tain legislation for an inspector and prevent the importation of bee disease from neighboring states. Says Too Much Goes to Middleman. Bozeman.—“The farmers' greatest trouble is that there are too many profits to be made between the pro- ducer and the consumer,\ said Prof. L. 13. Bassett, market expert of the United States Department of Agricul- ture, to about 150 Montana farmers at the Montana state college in his lecture on \The Measure of Success.\ His talk had to do largely with the oreanization of growers—fruit grow- ers, grain growers and live stock growers. Sues for Custody of Wife. Helena.—Ernest Pearce, who lives In East Helena, does not like the way his father-in-law is treating him and his wife, accordIng to a writ of habeas corpus, the application for which was illed in the district court to compel Joseph Dellard, alias Jos. Morey, his wife's father, asking for the surrender of his bride. It is charged not only that DeBard is hold- ing the recently made Mrs. Pearce in custody, but also that he is -abusing her. Farmers Form Organization, Three Forks.—Farmers adjacent to Three Forks held a meeting in the Sacajawea club rooms for the pur- pose of co-operation. A temporary or- ganization was formed with R. W. McKenzie as chairman and 1)ick Fa - brick as secretary. The name as ad- opted by the organization is \The Three Forks Farmers' Organization.\ Brother, Charged With Stealing Coal. Anaconda.—Two thieves drove a wagon up to the rear door of the resi- dence at 720 West Quartz street and loaded a ton of coal into their wagon. When Charles S. Passmore owner of the property went to the house he found the coal gone. Neighbore fur- nished Sheriff Henderson with a de- acription of the teafn and wagon they had Bean at the house, and the sheriff and Deputy Sheriff Burt Henderson 'followed the wagon south of Butte near Lake Avoca. The arrested Geo. I and Harry Telling. -v BUTTE OFF MEW -1400W - - Deputy Sheriff Dangerously Wounds Dan Sullivan, Who Had Gone on a Rampage. Butte.—Dan Sullivan, aged 21, of 11 Buffalo street, Butte, was shot twice by Deputy Sheriff Harry Ciotti, after Sullivan had gone on a rampage with a gun and driven his brother John, almost nake.i. from their home and pulled the tr_ger on the deputy. The mark of the hammer is plainly shown on the cartridge, which missed fire. After being disarmed Sullivan bolted and shut the door in the dep- uty's face. The boy.'a mother, who had appealed for protection, told the dep- uty to watch out, that \He will shoot you.\ The deputy pursued Sullivan and twice ordered him * to stop and then fired three times into the ground to frighten the 'fugitive. Sullivan ran clown the alley from his home and Deputy Cloke.fired at his leg,. The shot struck Sullivan in the right heel. Sullivan refused to halt and the dep- uty tired again. determined to halt the man he thought had another gun on hinm. This shot passed under the left shoulder blade, through the lung and struck a rib, lodging under the left nipple. Sullivan may die. \The deputy beat me to it,\ said Sullivan, when a reporter asked him why he was unable to shoot the of- ficer. When the officer caught up with the wounded man Sullivan said: \I guess you got me.\ USES HEIRLOOM TO KILL SELF Man Commits Suicide In Rooming House With Revolver Which Had Belonged to Father. Anaconda.—The revolver with which A. L. McRoberts took his life was a family heirloom that had long been in his father's possession. After the death of Judge McRoberts in Man- km 4o. Kas., his son Charles, brother of Albert. brought it to Anaconda. When he left here the man who used the gun to kill himself retained pos- session of it. This was the testimony , of It. T. Knight, landlord of the rooming house where Mr. McRoberts had lived for the past five years and where, as the jury found, he died of a bullet wound self-inflicted with suicidal in- tent. Dr. C. R. Bancroft was the first wit. neas called by Coroner M. P. Ma. honey. He told of being summoned and finding the dead man, .the body being still in the rocking chair at the foot of the bed, with the revolver ly- ing on the knees. The position of the body and the nature of the wound in- dicated that death had been instam taneous. The bullet had entered the left side of the head, emerging at the right temple. Or, Bancroft said he was familiar with the writing of thc man and identified the note which he left, expressing a wish as to disposi- tion of his property, as in his listel• writing. SPLIT IN SOCIALIST PARTY Factions Said to Be Divided on Fe- cal! Petitions Against Mayor and Councilman of Missoula. Missoula.—The split in the roilles of the Socialist party, a party which started out with very fair prosp , cts this year with a majority 'member- ship in the city council, including the mayor, and the election of a social- ist to the office of sheriff Of the . coun- ty, seems to become more marked each day the administration faction is being attacked by the old-tim,...legt.1-. ers. Already a party recall vote is being taken on the new sheriff, bat this city recall is to he subniitted to, the people. A number of the patty. leaders denied that the recall to tions against the mayor and man originated in the socialist ranks. Friends and members of the ailmin, istration faction of the party, how. ever, stoutly maintain that socialis's are the originators of and are push- ing the petitions strenuously. College is Seventh in Size in U. S. Butte.—The very interesting fai developed in the course of a con‘er, sation with the proprietors of Viol Butte Business college. They exhibit with pride the recent report ot the United States bureau of education, showing that the Butte Business col, lege is seventh in size among all the thousands of business and commercit.1 schools in the United States. It is also interesting to mem that of the six given credit for being larger, two are located in Chicago, two in Phila. dephia, one in' y New York City, anal one in Detroit. Therefore, there are but four states in the Union that can boast of larger commercial schools than that of which Butte is justly proud 7 These states are among the most densly populated and oldest in the Union. When the fact is eon, sidered that practically every city, of this country of 10,000 population or over has a business college, the rank that this school takes among them is remarkable. Union Men Engage Attorney. Butte.—Attorney James E. Healey was engaged to defend the Witte plumbers' union, the musicians' union and other unions which are inierecel in the stilts filed against these organ- izations, charging a boycoa against the Arnold Plumbing company and the Empire theater. The defense com- mittee, consisting of about twenty-five members, met at Carpenters' ['Mini hall. The committee membership represents delegates from the build- ing trades' council, and the Silvei Bow Trades and Labor councli • - 1 EP es. , • .,•••••• . ••,••

Geyser Judith Basin Times (Geyser, Mont.), 12 Feb. 1915, located at <>, image provided by MONTANA NEWSPAPERS, Montana Historical Society, Helena, Montana.