What is this?
Optical character recognition (OCR) is an automated process that converts a digital image containing numbers and letters into computer-readable numbers and letters. The search engine used on this web site searches OCR-generated text for the word or phrase you are looking for. Please note that OCR is not 100 percent accurate. If the original image is blurry, has extraneous marks, or contains ornate font styles or very small text, the OCR process will produce nonsense characters, extraneous spaces, and other errors, such as those you may see on this page. In addition, the OCR process cannot interpret images and may ignore them or render them as strings of nonsense characters. Despite these drawbacks, OCR remains a powerful tool for making newspaper pages accessible by searching.
't o ••••• • VOL. 5. ill - — — • ---- 7 4-- 7 7 .4 a \ •-• • j - je l diers - 7. • - a • a '• - ‘e-aare• • • , • - oet. ) T\.• • • •••.==•••' 7 4/7\ .. • 56, 4 , 10 , GEYSER, MONT., APRIL 30, 1915 wool. • We emphasize the adsantage of pre - Information on the Army Cutworm , VellIol1/1 over cure. By proper manage - pit as being completely destroyed so mustard, turnips. eliepard' s purse, timo that re -seeding was necessary. It was thy, bluejoint. red -top. wheat, oats, rye, perfectly clear, however, that our !Our- barley, thistle, linhutittorriltiza. eat -tits. 'nation covered only a part of the at- beets, strawlwrry, cherry, tiple, peach. fectesl territory and the total injuryl apricot, prune, plum. raspberry tater- done wa s greater than above indieah ant, gooseberry. Mu...kiwi-Ey, ruin. peas. ed. The larvae appeared in incredible selery, onion. a% ellS, 'III kepur, numbers and completely devoured every giten thing. Mr. S. Arthur Johnson ill bulletin 98 of the Colorado Experiment Station says: \At Aurora, near Denver, in 1913 the larva', were so abundant that they ate off entire fields of alfalfa. The early garden crops were almost e ntitely destroyed. The larvae covered the side- walks in sue hnumbere that it was im- possible to walk without crushing them under the feet. They crawled in at the doors and became household pests. Mr. Bauehfuss saved his garden by hunt- ing the worms with lantern at night. The field injuries were most noticeable in the cases of early sown barley, su- gar beets and alfalfa of one year's stasding.\ The same writer, speaking of the moths, says in the s ame bulletin: \In the suburbs of Denver they fairly be - tomato, rhubarb, dandelion. and no un,'rs.ti iii 11 , 1' tutuve grasses.\ Prevention. Since the moth, are tnit and laying their eggs in the latter part of August and in September, it is of much impor- tance that fallow grain lands he kept its free of weetis and volunteer grain as possible in order that the moths may be induced to lay their eggs elevw here. for they will not. deposit eggs in the soil of ii 'leanly kept field. Likewise. it i n desireable to keep the borders of the fields free of in tegetation. Suspected thi., intended for plant ing ill tmgar beets, cabbage, and simi tar crops. S11011111 be teat Pti iii I kV spring before planting. by lb.. use of a few bail plant a or some freah veget at ion treat tered about over the bare soil to ibis over whether or cat it is safe to plant aeiged the houses when the lamp s were :out the crop. After a day or two. if lighted. In a very few minutes after the worms are prevent, they will It. dusk the windows and Is411 PP ndoorv found to ha e eaten the bait plants 01 would tec overed with moths. They ell; ie.- hiding near the atattered freelt crept in by every crack and crevice vegetation. much to the annoyanc e of the peopl If the worms are found to be pre-ent who - were at times forced to put ow tel abundant ensaiph to tisteatsn the the lights and ret re to °escape tit ! tiopcsed crop. id is scull Ii, stutter enemy. The insects were notieeabl; a t aioiiecl regetatiroin on the field. *note abundant at the houses near al Alfalfa or other fresh vegetation /Jaffa fields.\ nay la; seleeted ftir this 'omitting.. It Crops Attacked and Other Food Pltnts 'humid bee tit anti dipped into a barrel Up to the present time molt' damage wititin'tig Puri. green and %%alio it ilie has been done to grains, prineipalla iortitin ef WU' p.1111111 ti, fifty gallons winter wheat, and and to alfalfa than to other field crops, but the eaterpillar. eat a very wide range of plants and have not refused rtny kind of food that has been put in their eagn'It. 1Vhere weeds and grain are growing together or the eninis trength of volution may ic nprayed in the standing tegelation .1.1•40 form. hate been described and which, after att., may lift tilt tutu IA MINI hilt Of the young or caterpilla ri taken direetly t• the infested field. It oiy about one out of ten is knots'''. Ii. filohertes• of other vegetation i ii4 Habits of Cutworn.is in General the field the worms will gather in the Iii. Joao.s of ow,. insects are in Willa (AI the eaterpillars for it will .ninfl that Di., att. Mole attendant in 01111• ill tithe's and thatill •w lit hey are !ing in ill unit's Ott 111w feeditig grounds. To head i If such armies. it deep furrow should ; • plowed tteros s this line of march I .ith the vertical gide toward the field a- part of a field protected. It has sem found that the saterpillars get . army vitt worm iii applied to .11s. almost heists as \greasa\ eitterpillarf that ate otten tounsi beneath the sur 7 t. t•I 111. Et,141111ei in gaols -its and IL iteid u,.i ill the epting. They art the young of thee night tlying moth' , ...eeteirly - called \owlet moths\ and salt -tarns -ally known its Noettiidae. This. Ia the largeet family of the moths. eon tattling slam. 2,1110 North American pees... or three times as many as there lie species of North .A1111'11‘1111 birds_ ompaiiititcly spiaking. the entworms art . too w.11 known to seiettee. l'he the grain only in attacked. The tope scattered piles of poisoned vegetation general a, follows: Thee moths are of sugar beets are readily en ten and get a fatal does. 01 arsenie. ont and eying doting the late sum - this crop has been injured in g rime areas treatment it-, of eisia-se. 10% i .41 Itle hr or earlv fall and deposit their They are general garden fiesta and we only where the tithe- of the isiapossel i gg . tin or near plaid.' sle•iresi by the do not consider that flay crops, with a .aops warrant the necessary etpcuse possible few exceptions are free Iron, Remedies them. The remetlies for the army tilt It il ill Professro E. V. 1A'ileox recorded the I may Ii.' best dial-11194Pd under tv..t head a, following p1ant4 ab biting eateA by '1 viz.. (al as a . cut worm in gardens awl Chorizagrotis auxillarie \Clover hip- tlai as all army WOrla in grain and me, alfalfa anfoin, cabbage, bore radih, otober field crops. caltelpillars ay food '[h,'.' eggs, at- ler v period sit inetthation by the heat of the •01 , . halt II 'Oil LI k iiii t - iutt'upul- lii It ill. 11 :II 11111, begin heeding ttn the of tlo•ir liking.. They eat but hole fiest and de not attiact thi . ; att.-ft...it of he farmer until they have House Dresses AW&64 Boston Maid House Dresses ar..; distinctive, ciainty, practical and dur- able. To the woman who has felt that she must have her dresses made at home, they are a welcome surprise. Each garment comprises every pos- sible feature which discriminating dressers seek—clever styles, roomy arm -holes, deep hems, sound seams, full modish cut hips, good button -holes and accurately matched buttons. Examine These Garments You are sure to find the Pattern ). oil want COUGHLIN BROS. & CO. Yours for Quality and Right Prices ment it Is pesyible to prevent the in- , 111 of huge lipids but it lir 11./1 ft.aa- „able to apply a remedy in large fields I if a, sugar Itt•VISI anti grains, exeepting to load off utoring armlets. Army Worms in grain and field Crops 11 lien the calm-011as are teeding in fairly dense vegetal iim t hey inay be k nprity Orie. pound of Pitrie green to fifty gallons of water groun mush larger and require much more food. Niany specie s pass the wile ter they bectone avtive in the spring and 'astatine soonbecouting large *inkwell to tat a great deal. It is at this time that they ordiaarilly first at t owl the farmers' attention, They normally fee3 until their full natural ie reeeheil, when they en ter the earth a few inches, oiro• an earthen cell alld transforte ot tin third pima stage of their existence. Iti -de Id ' urge stage they rent/tin f or entailer youni! grain little eh he dime t , xci• pt. period which ...tides with the different species. awl from the pupae eventuall; tit 1.11111/n . 1' slit II Hive StIreA its are intend - to prev ,tit ow migration of on , eotne the moths, the females of whicl aterpillaia and lestlisa them to areas deposit the eggs for the next year where they will either die of starve- while eilhis Prodnee more than a gen ,, t %h . d es ,,, r ib ei l b e l ow eration eternally. The moths will no Aboild thit.raort , rts , iiii moo 1 , 1 , 0.1 deposit liseir eggs in a field that i keept Iris' trom Wt . t418 and all othe I • e -.1tole t lie sit ital.lSlUl 12± tat aeittririat - .1 t ei ll seites 5,1111 Olt' 1111 tiltsand •e Idenity of the Army Cutworm We tie below an amount of th principal outbreaks ofw hat have bee k if Isuul al my ent worms. Th.. %peel, that rat age in the Bitter Root valley is 1698 nits determined as Chorizagrotie sgrestis while sper•imens from the 10 iir-91: in the Galletin valley rearet to materity, turned out to be Choriz grotis auxiliaris. Professor Gillette hi reared teeth of these and one oths Chroiragreas introferers, all from oi 'army'' ot larvae. These specimens at ill rather closely related and it is im- aossible that a niore intimate knowle- ge regarding each than has yet been wen obtained will reveal them all to et one 01141 the sante species. For the purpos e of tliaeLlalliOn we will antsidet I lit m all ate one apecies and will use the term \the” army cutworm. History of Army Cutworms In the spring of 1908 an outbreak oeeured in the Bitter Rot valley, Mont- :lila, an a eonsiderable amount of dam- age Was d011e to young grain fields. ,Dr. H. V. Wilcox, then entomologist of he Exeriment station, prepared an ex- eellent account which appeared in bul- letin 17 ((1898). So far as he recorded ibi s was time first appearance of this nisei in injurious abundance. A mild ont break oreurefl at the opposite end of the elate at - Miles City in the spring of 10411. Again, in 19(17, eerioue dam- age was done in winter wheat fields in the Gallatin valley and simultaneous- ly in other part It of the state we heard abundance of eut worms. Apparent- ly identical species have been seen et serieits point s in Montana during each 'it i-tn since 1907. 1Ve have recently berm notified Msreh t191111 of the appearance of great num bets of eel wortiet in the Gallatin awl lieeStons- valleye. When reared II, !Witty it will probably be found that •la•e• belong to one or another of the hove mentioned - species of Cherries- -tole , . In the spring of 1903 an out- , ak occult - eel in t 'derail° as recorded a I lob :Igor Iiillette in bulletin 94. Distructiveness V., ru cut worm. the one under consid- WOMAN FINED FOR FIGHTING it 1141 a an ii Ii fermislable ar- Ella 'Iliornisson. the V,iiillil Ii WII0 w• :I . % of objeetionable qualities. arrested 11,111 I iv Syr 5itV1.1\41 I tillY , It Iter ors throughout Montana. following a tight at Spion Knit ill Whi. !1.! It ettaeke prattieally all kinds of vhe paiticiptited, kit been 'cleaved fro, er41115 and can live from St's\ eitetestly 'titer having paid a fine in it wide variety ot weeds. Ity•al justfice (swat. Th.. ho I. i., pot years it has oecitriel in been charged with 004 , ::11111 ill (lie tlet`Oli II on e ;,!ttlnila nt.' 4 , 3(41 Reason. degre e in a complaint filissi in lite corn sd It an. a molonged season of ties- of Justice .1. A. Fititaelltan. at Gel,- it te WITtil - 119 and tilled crops. but ufter being brought to title cit •t ii iv as early as March and Attoi net ludron. ho cauertt a c •\ t.esi' into Jill) in somes Pawns. plaint to he filed here charging aeatutt besides being our lead- in the third degree to whieh she elite) tie .1.trernt. it appears from titne to it a plea of guilty and twist the fin c a ts,it the tr:Iti of \army entwornt . is2.1 , ahieh was (hell a- ,1 * -00 *.i• ted it Aud i rival: in deetruetiverwes lit ele published iterount sif the troll worn) id the east Ilieliop- el, i n ' the 'tribune ot Aptil '2'4 it W I ill ;t1i lel a .1 troneonsh stilted thuiit lite light lia! Dr Wilcox demeribeti Die work of the t a k en plate a t 'Rayne i sford. Thal th !ti-ect as follows: \Mr. John Richlie , stple td Itlivaenford r.,setit the sust way the chief sulTerer. In an incred- live hundred and sixty-two acres were reported to us by th e letter as being more or leas affected. Two thousand six hundred and ten acres were report- ting into theme furrows are unable to erawl up the vertical aide. They then begin to trawl along alnog the bottom 1111 may become abundant enough to ill it to the eto, there -by making it of ties further value. Deep pit s ehouhl be lug with ii shovel at intervals along the bottom of this furrow and as they become filled with the caterpillars otl era should be dug anti the worm ! , killed in the first pits by the application of a small quantity of keroaene oil. In some cases it will be deesireable to plow two or more parallel furrowe across t line of march in order to stop Blithe cut worms. DECLAMATION CONTEST Last Saturday night at Itayitenford vas held Ole first declamatory contest nil it haa created splendid re•iti It a it %ill no doubt beesune an all nuis I affair 'eh Itaynesfortl school has come for• aril this winter, being the first in this (dim' to try out the consolidated in which they have stweessfully work I out. They have a finely organized aeket Ball team and now have a move tent on foot to build a gymussium. The eclantatory evillest was a St leeeS6 i\ ..ery way. all of those taking pa doing exceptionally well. This kind work giv...s valuable training to thin aking part besides stimulating inte it in school work in general. TI 'trams were Superintendent S. A. lien mington of Belt, County Superintere nt Annie Me Anelly anti Glatigs Bat eett, teacher at Spion Kop. 'rhe fir, [trite a 14 inch trophy cup wa s award to Miss Myrtle Childerhose, the Set ti -nil prize seam given to Miss 1 IleZ M. Conky and thrid to Bridget Colerchtl Gerald Young and Helen Aeolian:I ret : eiving honoreble mention, The following is the lint of entric witlreeksetions that wiU be given: Bettey and I are out, Will Carleter Helen Asernan [Tow the t:orpel valuta A Critical Skeet ien. Inez McConkey. Court in' James It. Lowe] Fete' Kivy. King Phillip to tits Whites, Edwar. Everett, Cyril Colarchep' Napoleon Bonaparte, Chas Phillip Janee Ciiilderhose. Sparatis to th e Gladiators, (It -taut Young. The First New England Settlement Daniel W..bster, PEIIII NoVtil CA1111111114 Jewel in Al iller, 'Le Es an Annabel Lte, Edgar Allan I's lawy Young. The King of While. M t rle t lilac -rho The t et tysbitrg Address, Burr Morris. to Jirn (lake, Mark Twa 'lily short space of time the cutworms ete lip forty acres of young oats be - ',melee' to this one farmer. The oats •t owl about tour inelien high. The tf tool. ate ever% stern of groin and left , he !round perfectly bare behind them K t• 1 Ice testion of It fight taking place in Diet! :own i 5 shown br the following corium' stication from a resident of that place \Editor Trilione:- - In this 'wooing's papur an attic) , '11 . 0m:tit Anti -Um! itestilt ut Fight: appeared that this lieht ocetire. ate not r.nly all that was above ;n reund but ate the grain down to • :sue to pka- \Pth of nne inch helo'a the mrfao a ecrrerta,n .n paper t. tis ,o1 it. .011 Till' ff twin ' l 11 \•kva a9 ifs :1 that no an. Ii a fight fuse Av e • ll\.1 iii nì 1311 \'\ 1 • N\t it1 : milli - red in nor town. Furtherlitere the gen if the (Toil \ 1 \ I n h e \ en nrni I people in and around Raynestotri art during the middle o f the day 110 et\' pPlteltf III, law abiding tit ile119. a Int 010104' n..11119 Were in si g ht. By rum oring the !oat doubt this tatemetit. C01111 . out an. to h tii find from forty to fifty worms to for yourself. viatirs truly, .d inch of soil owever,e were able-'w the .part'fool. At about sitnset the! It D. 1,1's IX.\ , it, t pillars emerged front the ground.! (;ti. - 11 I PaIls_I'riltu_n_e. • .1,01 IletiVP 111 TO THE HOUSEWIFE then eonstit uted n formidable and ! Speeittl. Washington, I), C. A pril II'' uhu'strii 'h ion to gliStisIlienisn\r\ele iglit hit y to know It iv ill l . \'l i nt t \ a a t st v in i d sting to oth s e hi ttl'tet'u' u ft ilii inthretik iii the f et of pam- 1s7 Was remarkable. Four thousaed ithlets On \cooking\ may be obtained . — tree for the asking. You will find them the carefully out- lined suggestions of experts in the art of domestic acienee. They are inter- esting as well as instructive and no % household should be without theni. They rover smith topics ail \Care of Food in the Hume,\ \Bread anti Bread Making,\ \Eggs and tneir Curies as Food,\ and \Economical Use of Meat in the Horne.\ Take advantage of thiso pportunify ,by dropping a card to Congressman John M. Evans, 11'ashington, D. C. He hat' recently offered bulletins on poul- try culture and a few set s are still available, NO. 12 First National Corn Show As announced on Feb. 17 the First National Bank of St. Paul is now 'send- ing out full inforntation to all The haul:era in the Northwest relative to the big \First National\ Corn Show, to be held under the auspices of the First National Bank of St. Paul, in that city, Dec. I to 31, 1915. Th e show will be an open competition for Minnesota, North and South Da• kota, Montana Washington. Oregon, and laho. The states will not compete ith each other, but the territery is 'tided into thirty districts, the corn- s-tition being confined to districts. The Mowing is the teener in which the tutee have been divided: Minnesota 6 districts. North Dakota ti dist riets. South Dakota ti district s. Montana 6 diet rid' s. Waeltington 3 distriet A. Oregon 2 districts. Idaho 1 di -strict. The geographical tliviaionh foe the six districts in Mootena are as fol. 'owe: Dietriet No. 1—Counties of Sheridan, flawson e Valley -and Blaine. District No. 2 --Counties of Hill, C'hout- reton. District No 3—Counties of Lincoln, ';antierti and Flathead. Diatriet No. (' ties of Custer, Rosebud, Big Horn and Yellowstone. District No. 5 --Counties of Fergus, Meagher SWeet Grass, Still- water. Carbon and Park. District No, 6—Counties of Miasoula, Powell, Ravalli. Granite. Deer I.otee, ;ilserhow, Jefferson. Broadwater, Oen. (tin, Madison and Beaverhead. To Be Ltrgest Cor elbow will be the hirgest exelitsive ecan show ver held in the Northwest. A total f 120 attractive loving cup -s will be tiered 09 prizes at thp show. Thirty - arge - silver lovinj nfia - offered first prizes to fartnere displaying he finest collection of ten ears of tine atriety of corn grown within each dis- - Het. The stemma prize will esonaiat of doslett bronze clips. Boy's Mammoth Corn Show In line with Jut nut Dill's well known nntimenta regarding the importance f the part taken bus' farmers' sane in the teyelopment of (aria lande in Ihe North - vest. a speeial fea hi re of this show will as the lloy's Corn Baking Competition. Farmer boys from each tibdriet in he states named W ill he awarded for irst prize the same valuable silver eups ar e offs -red the adult exhibitor. The -pond prize will consist of handseme ohtlen brenae cups beautifully eregrav- .1. 'Flo -re will he sent mit to all bent:- throughont this; Males Ile tne41 print - al matter giting detail -s1 information -eon-ding the terms and eontlitions of lie tionteet. These the Ineal honkers will plaee in Ow lainde of farmers in their district who desire to compete. Full particulars regarding this MR m - moth Corn Show and the prize compet- tion can be procured front any local tanker in the Melee named. Part of Hill Plan \Corn and cattle contribute capitat or bigger Lank balances\ is the sloean hat baa been adopted be the First Cetional Bank of St. Paul in its laid- ettle efforts to aid in the development of •orn raising states named, and this -how ennipaign that has been ,tit lined buy Mr. James .1. Hill. Beni- izing the neceseify for corn to the grow- ing of the livestock industry of the Northwest it ha, been decided to make corn growing one of the features of the campaign. Mr. and Mrs. .1. I. _Liberty left day en a business trip to Spokane Weskit- ingt on.