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/ GYSE12 , - jt4t4/144 ASIN- 0 4. GEYSEB 4pDITII BASIN TIMES Published every Friday at Geyser, Mani. C. B. Dudley, Pditor and Publisher Entered as second-class master March 25. 1911,at the postottice at Geyser, Montana, under the ail of Mitrith 3, 1579 Stehe . tripties: f1.00 per year in advaare. ii tftellct,. sirk its. lire Repair Gasoline and Motor Oil at Geyte Ga 'age. Asito Livery Seta ice Day & Niel t Call Us Al)) 'lune. ;eyser Carage. LA WY W. P. COSTELLO 423 fiord Bldg. Great Fib alo t \SPECTER\ SHE HAD IN MIND ! Judging From Her Own Experience, Child Thought That Would Frighten Anybody. It was the yearly inspection of the school, and the inspector, a tall, thin, wizen -faced gentleman, was question- ing on the meanings of words con tamed in the reading lesson. \'The specter *m behind him rose,'\ quoted he. Turning hie eyes upon a girl in the trout desk, he asked. \What is the meaning of 'specter!'\ The little girl's face paled as @he rose. \Please sir, I don't know,\ she ad- mitted, shamefacedly. ''Just think, girl,\ he saki. \The man was dreadfully frightened, and the 'specter Mao behind him' and frightened hen still more \ She was going to say tioinethingabut stopped. \Come on, girl,\ said the inspeetots \speak out. Don't be frightened Ian not going to eat you Now, what'As this specter that usually frighamiss people?\ He welted In silence. Then the. Ile+ tie girl, suddenly bracing herself up. answered: \The school 'Spector, sir\ ' - • - Oratomorm. Minh GOOD CROP — TO PLOW UNDEF MAKE PASTURES A FEATURE 'r ----- RAISING DRY LAND POTATOES Common Opinion That Second•Grovall Variety of G Should Be Selected Sorghum Is Fatal to Live Stock to Conform to Soli Conditions -- Is Well Founded. Use a Little Thought. It is well known that In semiarid We often hear people say that they believe delrylvg might do pretty well sections much of the nitrogen its Ott , in certain neighborhoods if they only soil is in the form of nitrates, elite had pastures. The idea these people In well -watered sections the greatei }wend to convey Is generally that all Part of the nitrogen is combined wItt the land is cropped and that there Is humus. In a moist season the nitrate: uo low laud too wet or high land too are wasnea out or tile rorage, a dry and hot season this second-crut rough to crop. In other words, these Hi, spring and harrowed after each forage Is a very dangerous feed tot good people do not know turn is. They have usinsinterpreted the 1 what a Pale t a i s ke su lt z t a h s er dr is y f e a n v o o u r g a h b lteo (tieha n d p l o e : Lord's !Mention's when he made laud should be planted us soon as too boggy or too hilly for cultIvittion. ens:Aide after the 20th of April. An Ideal pasture should contain a Get good. clean, home-grown seed, and found prussic acid in leaves end an number or grasses d clovers so that eree trolls scab. I advise some early stalks In dangerous quantities at in its turn Borne One of those grasses ,arieH , tile Early Ohio is good. If err He stages of growth and in !turns ! or clovers Is coming to its best each oossible, cut the 'seed potato so as to n week during the pasture season. writes 111$1. het one eye to a section. When less, minute Quantities at other stages I ready to plant, Plow (at least six inches; and idrop the potatoes into fiery fonseth , !furrow. If furrows are earroeer than 12 inches, drop seed tutu evt•ry fifth furrow or so that the rows sir? about our feet apart. Drop me piece of seed potato in a place. iveraging about fifteen to twenty tiches apart. • It one desires extra fine potatoes, lie ground should be plowed is deep lent growth in the fall, and these ! IS possible, and the potato seed cov- . grasses are excellent in their way, but ?red Out less than six inches. 10 PREVENT PLANT DISEASE should be planted mint other varteles As soon as through planting. the • that are dought resistant and grow and should be harrowed, and harrow. fairly well during mitteummer. 1 , ng should not be neglected after rains Some grasses do well on well. instil the potatoes are live or six draint•d soil; others require low land, niches high. Harrowing should be , %%here the soil is coutinually damp and lone each time in a direction opposite where the surface water is at a shal. . o the last prevlous harrowing. After 1 low depth below the ground level. Lay- , Ste potatoes are up six inches, the trig off permanent pastures the ground iarrow should be discarded and the should be built up; that is, well fertl- eiltivator used after deep rain until Heed, laid off it it is to be irrigated so lie plants are in bloom. The first cut. that the greatest amount of good can .ivatian should be deep, but subse- be gained when water is applied. pima cultivations should be as sisal. Then, if a proper variety of grasses Is • ow as possible to give results—that selected, a sod can be produced that . s. kill the weeds and keep the mulch. sill stand a wonderful amount of 7ultivations of the ripening plant trumping arid for many years furnish should not be go close to the plant feed for several animals to the acre ts its early growth. . during four to five months of the year. 'I hi- cultivator will always leave ' That is what a pasture really is. Our some weeds near the plants. These , :wanip lands and our rocky hillsides should be cut out carefully, but the are misname& when we call them and should never be \hilted up,\ as \pastures.\ :he plants do much better with leveled I don't think it's much to the credit any stock. Doctor Avery. chemist of the Ne braska station, some years ago an alyzed only part of the sorghum plaid en . r ge ti a • e Sorghum, of normal growth of lout feet and over, contains very lIttl variety of grasses planted in a pasture sometimes none of the poison, but the should also be selected so that if there stinted growth contains it often is a variety of soils or of soil condi- la fatal quantities. The findings of Pro Bons in the pasture there will be some fessor Avery indicate that the cum variety of grass especially adapted to each variety or condition of the soil. mon opinion that it is second-growtb Some grasses, for instance, provide sorghum that kills is well founded ' excellent teed in the spring. They lie The best thing to do with second dormant in the warmer weather of growth of sorghum is to plow it melds au:toper and make another very excel. for green manure. Auch Trouble May Be Obviated by Careful Selection of Seed—Cause of Oat Smut. With some plants, disease is trans nitted through the seed. In such cases ouch may be saved by a careful melee lop of seed. tlosely linked with good seed comet he question of treating the seed to kit lineages and make it safe to use. Oat smut comes from spores that ling to the seed and may be reedit) allied by the use of tom:11111in to kit the smut. The same treatment for corn smut is a failure, on account of the disease being transmitted from the soil. With potato scab the treatment le safe if the soil Is washed off front the seed potato, otherwise it is a failure because with potatoes It may Wall either from the soil around the potate or from the soil that it is planted in Bean anthracnose cannot be cured lay seed treatment because the fungus Is within the tissues of the bean, where poison cannot reach it, and (here are other sources of infectioe English Coal Fields, that are more numerous than the seed The coal fields of Nortteumberlektd that is planted. Ind Durham counties claim to be the Onion smut can be prevented to s oldest in production of any 'coal fields great extent by drilling air -slaked unit in England. It is a historical fact and flower of ealphur in the drills that these fields have beet worked kit when the seed is sown at least 700 years, iv et y kind 'of Cabbage club root may be prevented coal, with the exception tot anthracIted by a liberal application of lime to the Is found in these two c ) unties. North- poll around the plant umberland coal Is best, known for its steam -producing qual'Alies, but It Is also used in the hotmea and its meas• facturIng plants. Duriham coal Is used for the same ,*purpose, but It Is better known for P i e gas and coke pro- ducing qualities. 9t is estimated that one -tenth of the tiopulietion of fhirharn County is conneeed. In seine capacity, with that Ind Autry. fend that the county's output of cord in 1917 was valued at the ,igIt's mouth atei10 0. 000 0 ma. _ Fried Tomatoes. Cut stern end from firm ripe tome. toes. Cut Into thick slices, then sea. non with salt and pepper and dip talc a saucer of flour Saute In a hot pan In good butterine, or part butter and sweet beef drippings Cook slowly so flour, will not scorch. D'TriWEl GIVES AND GETS A TIP. ) BET YOUR mortEy ON PURIrl f .-.SHE IS A SURE T HINC. (PURITY, SHE WAi - ) NAMED AFTER THE REAL TOBACCO CHEW JUST a nibble of \Right -Cut\ will satisfy you—because it is the Real Tobacco Chew. By the time you ' ve used up a pouch you ' ll be telling your friends about it, same as the thousands of \Right -Cut \ users are doing every day. A little chew of pure, rich, mellow tobacco—cut fine, short shred—seasoned and sweetened just enough, cuts out so much of the grinding and spitting. Take a very small chew—less than one -quarter the old size. It will be more satisfying then a mouthful of ordinary tobacco. Just nibble on it until you find the strength chew that suits you. Tuck it away. Then let it rest. See how easily and evenly thereat tobacco taste COIllefl, how it satisfies without grinding, how much less you have to sea, how few chews you take to be tobacco satisfied. That's why it is The Real Tabares Chem. That's why it costs leas in the end. In is/greedy chew. cut fine and short shred so Om rou won't have to grind on it VI ith sour teeth. Grindine on ordinary candied tobacco malts, you spit too much. The tame of sere rich tobacco does not need In he covered up with mat sad 1100114,14 NO11011 bow the MIS brto l l• out the rich tobacco taste in ”Right•Cut. - One smg11 chew takes the place of two big chews of the told kind. WEYMM-BRUTON COMPANY 00 Oaken Square, New York (2 , Y FROM 0 . ALER OR SEND IC:I t :STAMPS TO ii3 of some of us who call places pastures that have been used for forty years mind never known the planting of a single seed from the hand of the own- er. We can have most excellent pas- tures if we only use a little thought and make them. A few acres of good, well -made pas- ture will furnish more and better feed- ing than can be gatimed from a quar- ter section of much . 3f * the ground that we dignify in its unbroken state by the name of \pasture.\ There are many places where there is a fair natural sod, but is very seldom those Paces cannot be immensely improved by re -enforcing the native grasses bY a few seasonable seedings of domestio grasses. 31'hy leave these things all to the Lord? Ile has done a great deal for Os. Let us do our share and 'slake some pastures. HARM DONE BY OVERSEEDING Great Many Dry -Farming Failures May Be Attributed t6 Practice—Rate of Planting. lily JAMES II. M.-11ISHA ET, Experiment Station 1 One of the most important prole lents associated with dry farming is the determination of the rate of _aeeding per acre. A great many failures In dry farming may be at- tributed to overiseeding. The one limiting factor of crop production on dry lands is moisture, and it is large- ly because of its deficiency that care must be exercised in the rate of Plant- ing. Each plant in the soil takes out large quantities of water which are evaporated into the air throlieft the leaves, consequently when a thick stand is obtained exceptionally large amounts rol. , ra.by of water are drawn front the soli. A thick, luxuriant stand in the spring or early sum 'ler is no In- dication o: a good hart est, as the . probabilities are that such a ilea% y stand mill deplete the soil of moisture and preveht complete maturity of the crop, elate a thin stand would he able to it Ithstand the dry periods and yield fairly well a hen harvested. Thin planting dues pot of necessity mean 11. thin steed. Whenever the muist tire conditions are favorable the plants eill titan) or branch out and tuake a seund that will warrant a satisfactory yield and at the sante time be heavy enough to shade the ground and reduce the losses from excessive evaporations. When plants urn crowded very little, If any, stooling occurs and the plant Is unable to adapt itself to Its (mime diate conditions. As a general rule the rate of planting for dry lands is Just a (rifle more than half of is hat would be used on irrigated lands. Moisture for Hatching. The amount of moisture required In the hatching of eggs In our low altitudes is so little that a saucer con. tamping water and a sponge set in Si'. saucer to absorb the eater arid 111:110) the air humid is nil that is ne('essare If the incubator is set In a cellar gotel hatches, in fact the best, are often made without any more moisture given than the air of a cellar. Even a base- ment room will often supply enotigh. Farmers Who Prosper. The men who have stuck to hogs and sheep. Improving their breeds amid method of feeding and marketime have come into great prosperity. The quitters in bad times have been the only loser*. lest Soli on Farm Should Be Selected by Those Who Desire Success— Plow Deep as Possible. SIECOCK, Oelriche. B. 5)) 'I he man who desires success in pews, raising should select the best and his farm for this crop. In the preparation of the soil, backsetting is eet. it possible. The and should be halide disked as early as possible iii and. Potatoes can be produced on sod and if dropped into the furrow of the breaking plow, provided the land is soft or sandy; but with heavy soil the and should be broken at least three nclies deep and then chopped up with disk. After disking it should be Dlowed about five inches deep and the ?otatoes dropped into the furrow. L:very farmer should raise a hog to, evcry member of his family and soon to sell. • • • L'armers should feed more grain an( leers hay to their horses during th , wlater. • • • In the fields a big team makes hasti by the width uf the furrow or awatt they cut • • • A hog that can be fattened whit' yoaug will be the most profitable oni to breed PREPARING LAND FOR FLAX Deep Plowing Found to Be All Right If Rains Followed Immediately— Experiments in Colorado.\ (By ALVIN KF.TBER. Colorado Expert rnent Station ) Experience with flax on the plaint through the seasons of 1909-13, shoe that to be successful, flax land must be well prepared. In those seationi when there is considerable spring moisture, sufficient to compact soilt that were plowed, deep plowing gays the best results. These better results from deep plowing In these easel where there was moisture enough were due in a large part to the clean netts of the land, that is, the freedom of the soil from weeds. It was unl formly noticed that the deep plower land was not as foul as the shalloe plowed. Deep plowing was found it be all right If rains followed filmedi ately. or if the plowing was done sev eral months ahead of pleating so that compaction and settling took place. In 1913, deep plowing Just before planting the crop almost caused corn plete failure, because rains did not follow sufficient to moisten the plowed layer and compact the subsurface If deep plowing is used, therefore, le preparing the seed bed, it should be done at a considerable time before planting. Where plowing is done ins rnediately prior to planting plowing should be ahallower, six or seven inches at the outside, and should be followed up immediately with the dial harrow, to compact and fill up the subsurface. Smooth, we/I-prepared land greatly insures the success of the crop. This was especially shown In experiments of 1911 and 1912, and was shown up In the other years. An Explanation. The chatrman of the program corn- !n:ttetta was embarrassed. Aft& much -hoking, he said: \I am very sorry, ladles and gentle Inc's, I am very sorry, indeed, gentle. n and ladies—it gives roe deep re. gr d, ladies and gentlemen. to be cum pa led, gentlemen and ladles, to come be:ore you with an excusion: but, la - di. is and gentlemen, the lady Rho will airs next is not here. We suppose, lie Woman and ladies, that she has b. an terovidentialb detained.\ Plant, Long Cultivated by Arizona In diens, Gives Wonderful Results as Dry Farm Crop. The American Indian, to whom the white man owes his yellow corn, has now added another valuable item to the food supply. Investigators from the University of Arizona have dis- covered that the Tepary bean, which has long been cultivated by the Pima and Papago Indians. gives wonderful results as a dry -farming crop it will yield, It is said, from 700 to 2.0t 1 C pounds to the acre, and in food value is equals any known article of COM merce. In the semi arid soli of the reserve dons, the Indians for generations. by a syeteas of rude canals, have raised these beaus on large tracts of land The investigators also found varieties of pumpkin's, corn and squashes that have survived the ancient Pueblos, (hr race under whose husbandry they orig mated. OD lands where it has been thought that such products could riot be grown; hut the most valuable were the beans The Indians say that long ago theft fathers found them growing wild in the mountains farther south Cmitu den of cultivation have developed types of the vegetable well suited te extremes of heat and drought. Forty. seven varieties have been developed from the samples which the university explorers brought back from the In diens Old men have visions, young men have dreams. Successful tart:Isere plow deep while sluggards sleep. Education Is a developing of the mind, not a stuffing of the memory. Digest what you read Boil the required number of eggs until hard, then put the yolks and whites separately through a sieve. Have ready slices of hot toast and In the center of each put two spoon. tuts of the yolk, surrounding the edge xith the white. Over the whole pout white sauce and serve hot. This is delicious brdakfast dish.—Motheeli Magazine. Fountain of Energy When President Wilson Opened the Panama - Pacific Exposition T HE Fountain of Energy when the water was reteased by President Wilson pressing a button at NVasitingtou on the opening day of the Patiamal'acitic International Exposition at San Francisco. This fouutain is the work of A. Stirling Calder and is between the Tower of Jewels amid the main eutrauce at Scutt street. The Avenue of Commonwealths at the Wonderful Panama -Pacific Exposition N the Avenue of Commenwenithe an the Pi - Irian:it Eil^trie Intel -nation's! Expositleit rritxx di- lief lire the 1.eti , iiioit ' , wt. , k State whii h is one the , titient ut the state oulidingis at the 0 uge Extelaitiun lii Sat. t DISCOVERY OF VPARYI BEAN • GEYSER Livery, Feed and Sale Stables. Prevost & Sons, Props. Time of Trains ( rest Northern Time -Table air 54—For Kansas ( it, St. I.ouis, Chi 5 so and eastern and southeastern points, , t ail trails) 11.50s. no. ' • -_. 43 and 44 on the division from Great Fa.. 'a Billings stop only at Broadview, ju .... Gap, Hobson, Stanford and Belt Sir .:37—For Great Falls arid intermediate eta 1114 a. as. Ni .514 — For Lewistown and intermeeiatt po i 5 4.15 p. tn. No. 242—For Lewistown 8,29 a. m. Fxcept Sundays. No. 2:41—For Great Falls- 7:15 p. m. Except Sundays, < Geyser Garage we are now ready for business, Repair work, Sup- plies, Spark Plugs & ect. Ail Work Guarenteed Reasonable Charges Gasoline, Oil, Ford repair work a specialty Auto—Livery C. R. Rasmussen, Prop. 5. _