Geyser Judith Basin Times (Geyser, Mont.) 1911-1920, November 19, 1915, Image 6

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1 , GEYSER JUDITH BA SI N TIMES OLD AS THE RACE 'Setting Aside a Period for Thanksgiving Is a Custom ot Remote Antiquity. rir HE idea is prevalent in the Unit- ed States that our Thanksgiving is peculiarly an American custom lot New England origin. This is true In part only. The general obset vatic() through many years of a sot day On !which to give thanks to Almighty God for his blessings has made the custom distinctively American; but its origin long antedates the settlement of the ./eatern continent, and we must look elsewhere for it. The idea of Thanks- giving day goes back to remotest an- tiquity. It is a part of natural religion. and Is probably as old as the human race. In written records, we have ample evidence that the festival was celebrated in connection with \the fruits of the earth\ by the ancient Egyptians, the Jews, the Greeks and the Romans. Long before Luther's revolt from Home in the sixteenth cen- tury it had been observed by the Christians; and after the Reformation. Thanksgiving days were in frequent use by the Protestants, especially those of England. The festival appears early in Jewish history, and, as it was connected with the land and its possession, may have Pad a Canaanitish prototype. Its cele- bration was annual, and each festival continued through seven days. At the beginning \two vessels of silver were carried in a ceremonious manner to the temple, one full of water, the other of wine, which were poured at the foot of the altar of burnt offerings, always on the seventh day of the festival.\ Plutarch describes this ceremonial, which he believed was a feast of Bac- chus. He says: \The Jews celebrate two feasts of Bacchus. In the midst of the vintage they spread tables. spread with all manner of fruits, and live in tabernacles made especially of palms and ivy together. . . . A few days later they kept another festival 'which was openly dedicated to Bac- chus, for they carried boughs of palms in their hands, with which they went into the temple, the Levites going be- fore with instruments of music.\ Analogous to the Jewish festival 'and possibly borrowed from it was that of the old Greeks, the Theme! , phia. This was a feast to Demeter, the goddess of the harvest. It lasted / nine days and consisted of sacrifices lk• - tof the products of the soil with obla- tions of \wine milk and honey.\ The- ocritus refers to it in the \Seventh Idyll,\ where Simichidas says: \Now this is our way to the Thalyeia; for our friends, in Booth, are making a feast to Demeter of the beautiful robe, offering the first fruits of their abundance, since for them in boun- teous manner, the goddess has piled the threshing floor with barley.\ The Circle of Our Love. The strange sweet life we have and own Bo wondrous Is from friends we've known. And those anear and those above, Complete the circle of our love, And when we think of these, and pray. We keep, In sooth, Thanksgiving Day! a —William Brunton. Thanksgiving Fable. A turkey one day observed a pea- cock in the farm yard and immediate - 3y began to find fault with it. \You vain, conceited bird,\ said the turkey, \you are proud of your looks, and yet you are of no value in the economy of nature. Why do you strut around and regard all others with dis- dain?\ \You make a mistake,\ replied the peacock. \I am not now admiring my- self, though I should be excused for ,doing so. Next Thursday is Thanks- giving, and I was merely indulging in as. cakewalk because I am not a big, fat turkey like you.\ Moral: Beauty is only skin deep, ibut edibility extends to the bone. Not Copied From the Jews. Undoubtedly our present Thanks- -giving day has its prototype in the Plymouth thanksgiving festival of 1621. It has been asserted repeatedly that the Plymouth festival was sug- gested to the Pilgrims by the Jewish \Feast of Ingathering.\ That is not probable, as the differences between them are more striking than the like- nesses. They were of the same dura- tion, each lasting a week; and in com- mon with all other harvest festivals they had the same intent. But in the Jewish festival sacrifice and worship were the prevailing characteristics, while in that of the Pilgrims they were entirely wanting. STORY OF THE DAY Thanksgiving Observances Have Been General Only a COM- paratively Short Titil0. T IM day which is now called Thanksgiving day,\ and which is a formal observance by proclama- tion of presidents of the United Mateo, usually followed by proclama- tions of governors of nearly all of the states, has had its poetry, its rhyme which is not poetry, and prosaic liter. attire which is butter than either pi) etry or the rhyme. It was In its ori- gin really a religious observance, the first proclamations being promulgated by provincial governors of very re- ligious New England, Bradford having in history the credit of the first woe- lamation. Observance was in the beginning desultory, that is, not simultaneous; and it was not general and synthetic, really, until 1864, when the first pres- idential proclamation was issued by Lincoln for a day of thanksgiving be- cause of the apparent approaching end of the Civil war. Naturally that day was not observed by the seceded states, but now it has come to be rec- ognized in nearly all of the states, though in many of them it is not a statutory holiday. It is not, and nev- er was, a national holiday by legisla- tive enactment. Just when the turkey flew in as one of the almost imperative accompani- ments of the Thanksgiving table is not worth mentioning, as it is an inci- dent so vague. That fowl, with mince or pumpkin pie as a part of the des- sert of the time-honored dinner of the day, has for long years come to be so well recognized that it has been urged as the only logical bird for blazoning on the national escutcheon., the eagle having become mighty' \skase and having been muck missed both in this and other coun- tries. In 1859, the morning of June 5, frost killed all that was killable throughout the entire North. In October of the previous year. as will be well remem- bered by elderly people who were children then, the Donati comet sud- denly blazed across the heavens, and for months was one of the most beau. Btul of spectacles, but, to the super- stitious, fear and direful. When the nucleus was low in the northwest in the early evening the \tail\ dominated all other celestial phenomena, flowing far past the zenith. The presage of a great Civil war to come was in the air and to those who were in the least superstitious the comet was a sign of calamity near at hand. The freeze of the following June clinched the premonition, and in the fall of the year of the frost there was a quite general- ly observed day of fasting and prayer. It was this sort of recognition of the omnipotence of Deity, solemn and pro- found and utterly sincere, which in the earlier days of the nation gave townie - Hon to the origin of the days of thanks. giving for the good things of human existence, and, when they were not as good as they might have been, that they were no worse than they were. Then the whole custom of setting apart a day for giving thanks to the Almighty grew gradually into that present beautiful intermingling of re- ligious services, reunion of families and friends, feasting and general re- joicing, even if the times were porten- tous of adversity for some of the peo- pies of this and other parts of the world. it is peculiarly an American \Insti- tution,\ and our fat and frivolous fowl of paradise is its fetish. It is in all its forms and colors, wild or domestic, essentially an American bird, our Thanksgiving dinner bird, yesterday and today and forever, beloved by all ages and races, and for at least that one day putting the Roman nose of the eagle out of Joint. Slow to Find Favor in South. In the South Thanksgiving day was practically unknown till about 1855, when Governor John of Virginia urged the observance of the day in a letter to the legislature; but the idea met with hot opposition, on the ground that it was a \New England supersti- tion,\ and the small favor it found was completely wiped out by the Civil war. Pessimist Always With Us. \Well said the cheerless person, \Thanksgiving is all right, but I be- lieve I prefer an old-fashioned Fourth of July.\ \Why?\ \It's cheaper to celebrate. A pack of firecrackers costs a lot less than a turkey.\ A Thanksgiving Poem HANKFUL, each morn, for the bright light of clay; Thankful for interest in work and in play; Thankful for those who e'er greet me with love; Thankful for white clouds and blue skies above; Thankful for raiment and thankful for food; Thankful for bird -songs, and flow'rs in the wood; Thankful for showers to freshen the earth; Thankful for sweet sounds of gleeful child mirth; Thankful for e'en Sorrow's softenipg touch; Thankful for little and thankful for much; Thankful for snowfalls, so peaceful and white; Thankful for moonlight and dark, restful night; 'Thankful for laughter Mid thankful for tears; Thankful for each of the lengthening years; Thankful for all Thou hast given to - me— t - kart that can feel deep, and eyes that CtIll are. ,Margarel G. 1.1cws, STOPPING COSTLY LEAKS IN THE DAIRY 1 A Convenient Milk House Apart From the Home. (By W. MILTON KELLY.) There is no denying the fact that too many dairymen are carrying their business at a loss and occasional in- stances of a marked success in the business appear to indicate that dairy- ing can be put on a paying basis. There are many things that com- mend dairying to the farmer, among which may be named a certainty of getting good prices for the products of the farm and the elimination of the speculative element which surrounds growing and marketing other prod- ucte. To conduct a dairy farm at a profit, we must feed good cows. They should be good individuals and selected from the breed which is best adapted to the particular branch of dairying that is being made our specialty and to the conditions of our farms. No one breed or type is adapted to all conditions, else there would be little need for BO much diversity of size, conformation and quality of prod- uct. For the economical production of butter and cream tor of very rich milk that is suitable for a fancy trade) it is best to keep Jerseys or Guern- seys, that is, providing, of course, that we will give them the care and treat- ment they are accustomed on their native land. Jersey and Guernsey cows produce less milk solids, other than fat, this enabling them to turn larger propor- tions of their food and energy into the production of the desired product than cows of breeds which yield a larger quantity of milk deficient in butterfat. On certain farms where the pas- ture is scant or whore the land is rough and rolling, and where sum- mer dairying is practiced, that cow which is capable of doing the best work under such conditions would be the best adapted to the economy of the dairy. For such a farm the man would best select the Ayrshire, or high grades of that breed. They have been developed under similar environment until they have become accustomed to that kind of treatment more than the refined and more delicately organ- ized breeds of dairy cattle. On the other hand the man who has rich and luxuriant pastures and keeps his herd up to very near their full capacity at all times of the year, and who is producing milk for the general market, faces a different propo- sition, and will find that the Holstein breed, or grades of that br . ,1 the best adapted for his dairy !Mi.\ . It is useless for me to continue to present evidence in favor of keeping better cows. But one thing worthy to note is the fact that the man who has built up a profitable herd is at all times alert to secure better cows to increase his income. On the other hand the man with the unprofitable herd has but little ambition to inform himself in regard to his business or improve the quality of his cows. He does not believe in dairy litera- ture, or that other cows might do bet- ter on his farm than his own. This class of man is doing more to dis- courage the dairy business than any other. One of the most severe losses con- nected with the dairy business is the loss which comes from discarding un- profitable cows. The man who de- pends upon buying cows to take the place of those that he finds unprofit- able is up against one of the knot- tiest and most perplexing problems connected with the management of the dairy—that of going out and buy- ing good cows to take the place of the ones sold from his herd. In the production of milk for the city trade, I have found that the pur- chase of cows is attended by risk and disappointment even by men who are qualified to make selections. Cows are sold for some reason and I have found to my sorrow that among these are lack of constitution and vigor; lack of capacity as feeders; bad habits, such as holding up their milk; defective udders; hard milking. SIMPLE MATTER TO STORE THE CABBAGE Cheaply Constructed Bank or Hillside Cellar Is Only Store- house Necessary. (By E. A. KIRKPATRICK. Mtnnemota Exp!rtment Station.) Cabbage storing is rather simple and easy. The shrinkage is small. A cheaply constructed bank or hillside root eellar, or a basement under al- most any farm building, is the only storehouse necessary. This should not be too dry and should be a place which could be kept at a temperature of above 40 or 60 degrees in the early part of the season. This is often ac- complished by opening the doors to let In the cool night air and closing them to keep out the warmer air during the remainder of the day. Later, of course, the doors must be kept closed continuously. In storing, most growers place the heads in a cellar with all leaves and roots attached. Many market garden- ers have a better plan. They cut off the stalk as though preparing the heads for market, but leave two or three rough leaves to protect the more tender parts. They then pack in or- dinary cabbage crates and rack these crates up, leaving a gangway every third or fourth tier for air circula- tion. This work is not particularly diffi- cult, and will certainly pay the grow- er well if it increases the selling price of his production eight or tenfold. For the last few years It has been market- ed and harvested at from $5 to $7.50 a ton. The purchaser has stored it and sold it during the late winter for $50 or $60 a ton. Watch Your Live Stock. If we should take an inventory of our live stock we might find that it would pay to get rid of the culls and Put the feed into those animals that pay for their keep. It is always pos- sible to cull the herd early and get rid of the poor producers. MAIN ADVANTAGES OP \HOGGING\ CORN Practice to Be Profitable Must Be Rightly Managed—Trials at Missouri Station. (Br L. A. WEAVER. Missouri Experi- ment Station.) It will pay to hog down corn. This has been shown by the Missouri agri- cultural experiment station and has been done profitably by a large num- ber of feeders. The main advantages are: (1) The hogs make rapid and more economical gains; (2) it saves the labor of har- vesting; (3) the manure is returned to the land without loss and without labor; (4) the place of feeding is more sanitary than the ordinary feed lot; (6) the grain is harvested with- out waste. Eleven trials with hogging down corn at the Missouri agricultural ex- periment station have shown that there is no better way of finishing hogs than by allowing them to do their own harvesting. To be profit- able, however, the practice must be rightly managed. The hogs should be given access at one time to what they will clean up in ten days or two weeks. This insures fresh forage and they will clean it up well as they go. A cheap, efficient, temporary fence is made with woven wire. Got the hogs on a full feed of new corn before turning them into the field by cutting a few stalks at first and increasing gradually. The corn is in good condition to turn into when the dent has Just formed hi the kernel. For beat results the hogs doing their own harvesting should receive sornt feed in addition to the corn. This supplement may be supplied with crops like rape, soy beans, etc., which should have been grown in the corn- field that is to be harvested. If no such crops have been planted a small amount of some feed like tankage should be fed. CUTWORMS INJURE MONTANA WHEAT INSECTS DESTROYED APPROXI. MATELY 100,000 ACHES IN YEAH, ENTOMOLOGIST ESTIMATES. SUIT TO TEST MONTANA LAW Workmen Watch Gage Started to D. termlne if Laborers Are Entitled to Benefits of Compen- sation Act. Helena. \Something like 100,000 acres of grain was eaten off by the army cut- worm in Montana last spring,\ said Prof. R. A. Cooley of the state college at Bozeman. \Many thousands of acres were saved by the timely use of remedies that were suggested by the experiment station, but if we had re- ceived earlier advice, much more grain could have been saved. \We have been giving very careful attention to this insect ever since last spring and it seems desirable to call the attention of grain growers to the fact that there are indications that some damage wit be done again next year. We believe the insect is quite as likely, perhaps more likely, to turn up in new localities the next time. \We have on file in this office cor- respondence and notes that have been accumulating for some years and a study of these as well as the obser- vations made this season, indicate that the moths may fly to new local- ities over many miles, perhaps to avoid the host of parasites that infest the old locality. Our records show that in previous years ,the area of infec- tion has shifted something like 10 to 25 miles in succeeding years. We have this year in the Gallatin valley found the parent moth laying eggs at the es- timated rate of one to two to the square foot in a locality remote from where any damage occurred. * Workmen all over Montana who are in the employ of counties, and their number runs up into the hun- dreds, watched with keen interest the outcome of a case in the district court which Was to determine whether such laborers are entitled to receive benefit of the workmen's compensation act It will be remembered that, short- ly after the compensation act became effective, boards of county commis- sioners in a number of counties, sent in inquiries to A. E. Spriggs, chairman of the industrial accident board, as to whether county employes were enti- tled to be compensated for injuries received while engaged in such m - ploy ment_ Mr. Spriggs asked Attorney General Poindexter for an opinion, and the latter replied that, in his belief, as the law stands, counties were not en- titled to come under the act. It is un- dersood that counties all over Mon- tana believed it was no more than just that employes working for such counties should benefit by the act. The county commissioners of Lewis and Clark county felt the same way, and started a suit to test out the law. • * * Saloon For Every 500. Several saloons in eastern Montana will be forced out of business as the result of an opiniori by Attorney Gen- eral J. B. Poindexter to the county at- torney of Toole county. The attcirney general holds that one saloon is per- mitted under the state law for every 600 of population, but not for fractions of 600. Thus a town of less than 1,000 population can have only one saloon and some of the smaller villages of less than 500 population, which now have a saloon, must get along without one. * * Much Surveying Done. Because of the exceptionally good weather during the past month the government surveying work in Mon- tana for the season of 1915 will prob- ably be as heavy as in 1914, accord- ing to an estimate made by Assistant Supervisor of Surveys J. Scott Harri- son, who has charge of the field parties working in this state. Last year there were a total of nearly two a half mil- lion acres surveyed in this state and Mr. Harrison believes that this record will nearly be equalled this year. * * * College Extends Work. How the Montana State college is taking its work directly to the citi- zens in their homes through its ex- tension department, is shown by the work of Miss Katherine Jensen, exten- sion lecturer in home economics, who, since Jan. 1, 1915, has spoken in 131 cities and towns in Montana, aver- aging two talks in each one, before schools, women's clubs, teachers' in- stitutes, and farmers' institutes. In one-third of these towns she has con- ducted short courses of lectures. Continue Fight For Craighead. Missoula.—A move to keep up an ag- itation in the school in the interest of E. B. Craighead, the deposed president, was made by sonic of the student load- ers of the school here. After the for- malities of the opening of the week- ly convocation here, the faculty was excused from the chamber by the stu- dents and a meeting was held, at the conclusion of which a petition was pre- sented and signed by a large number of the students asking for the resigna- tion of Mr. Ryman from the local board. e v ii .r • •• • * • :4i; ,41.4. 4 • 4 0, 4 • 4 P 4 i t • • • • • . * * 10 4 • • 4 • • • • • 40 1. • 01 4 1 4 , 4 • 4 4 • • • • . 1 • • • • 1 • • • • • I..., • • •• . .•*••\ • • • $. 1 4 4 • $ • • 4 • • •t • r ii # 4 • • • 0 4 9' 4 IP • P.,* • • . 4 . 4 • * • • • • • w • * 4 * i t 0, • • • • 0, a * **4 1 aS 4414 • 4;• • • • 0 • •• • 4.4 4• • • I 4 • • • • $ • 4 • * • • 4 • 4 #1 4 4 • * • ti 4 .1• 4 * • • 4. ° * * 4 . 1 e 4 I 4' • i. r - • • 4 . • r • • • * 41, ••• • .• • •... 0 \EvarytAln - n baked w I th Calumet is so tempting— wholesome -- del icious— I want 'em all. For things hard to bake right It can't be equalled. Calu- met Is the werld's best BakingPowder—it's mod - crate in price—pure in the can end pure In the baking — wonderful in leavening and felt- ing PsWer— theistic economical to buy and to use.\ Receirod Ilighavat Awards Nato Col Bul Re/ deo Slip is P.N•4 ens •',5 Which? #t: 12'. 49 . 4 * 4 Cheap and big canBakingPowders do not save you money. Calumet does—it'sPore and far superior to sour milk and soda. Lucky Animals. \The animals of the woodland are preparing for cold weather. They are growing extra thick coats of fur.\ \They are lucky to be able to do so. Beats my system of buttoning under my vest an old newspaper.\—Louis- yule Courier -Journal. A GRATEFUL ACKNOWLEDGMENT. Mr. F. C. Case of Welcome Lake. Pa., writes: \I suffered with Back- ache and Kidney Trouble. My head ached, my sleep was broken and un- refreshing. I felt heavy and sleepy after meals, was always nervous and tired, had a bitter taste in my mouth, was dizzy, had floating specks before my eyes, was always thirsty, had a dragging sensation across my loins, difficulty in collecting my thoughts and was troubled with short- ness of breath. Dodds Kidney Pills have cured me of these complaints. You are at liberty to publish this let- ter for the benefit of any sufferer who doubts the merit of Dodds Kidney Pills.\ Dodds Kidney Pills, 50c. per box at your dealer or Dodds Medicine Co., Buffalo, N. Y. Dodds Dyspepsia Tab- lets for Indigestion have been proved. 50c. per box.—Adv. Mr. F. C. Case. If we had no troubles but real ones this wouldn't be such a troublesome old world. Dr. Pierce's Pellets are best for liver, bowels and stomach. One little Pellet for a laxative—three for a cathartic.—Adv. Hard work brings success—some- times. TRAPPERS Fars Have Advanced Ship toRogers. Wagiveliberalgradee, fnlIvaluein cashandquIck returns,. We have beAt market in America for Funk Hides, etc. No commission. Write today for freer price list. Trapseara' Supplies ite Pio0 tau, Pr/O,S NOOMS FUR COMPANY, Dept. A, St.Loalia, Ma, St. Paul Stove Repair Works BIGGEST STOCK IN NORTHWEST STOVE AND RANGE REPAIRS 520 W. SEVENTH ST., S. PAUL. MINN. Fargo Directory Shotwoll Floral Co. Growers and shippers of cut flowers, plants, etc Write for catalog. Funeral design, on short notice. Phone day or night. Fargo, N. It Ship your HIDES, FURS and WOOL rnitur• et•41 to Rolle.' h Rogers, Ferfo, N. D. If Jrens we art the goods, you get the money. Ilsve your bank look us u p W. N. U., FARGO, NO. 47-1915.

Geyser Judith Basin Times (Geyser, Mont.), 19 Nov. 1915, located at <>, image provided by MONTANA NEWSPAPERS, Montana Historical Society, Helena, Montana.