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t• G VOL. 5. - ,4, 641 6 \ . 4 Elr iP V s _\ „ • - 5 s d - • . • 'sc.' •••• .'s•••• - st • 1 1 - •• \ • s a s. ts, t - . - GEYSER, MONT., JAN. 7, 19 Live Stock for Prairie Farmers DISCUSSED BY A MAN IN EXPER- IENCED IN STUDYING NORTH- WEST FARM BUSINESS (By Prof. • Thos. Shaw) If ever there was an opportune time for the farmers on the prairie to invest in live stuck, that time is now. The northwest never produced u crop lik. that of the past season. While tle price of wheat is less than was expect ed, it is relatively good compared a ill price s paid in recent years, with thi exception of 1914. While no doubt mita of the return will be wanted in °the) ways, surely some of it can be spare( for making a beginning in live Alod by those who have not had an. Th. one obstacle in the way is the higl price which stock commands. . It not so high, however, but that th farmer who has been favored with : big crop of wheat may not spare iron the proceeds enough to pay for a coupl of cows, or a few brood sows or : small bend of sheep. This will cal for some fencing, but the amount call. for need not be large. A beginning WI/ thus be made. The stock will soon in crease, and ere long the farm will 1 , stocked to its full capacity. If the question is raised which kin of stock should be purchased, the :ne- wer is that circumstances should th termine the investment, where there no family sheseor swine may answ, the purpose better. Another man ma prefer to raise horses from the broo mares which are used in doing the woe of the farm. The natural tastes of ti individual should govern also, at lens to some extent. The danger is on the pt of tho- who invest in stock that they will war to purchase more than they should. TIi American farmer seldom wants to b gin in a small way, and there is met' in Audi an ambition, but like an maul steed, it should be firmly kept i place with bridle and bit. It woul be a great mistake for one to go larg. ly• into keeping livestock who is ne well used with the same. The perm, also who does not live on hie farm an who cannot give it close personal at: perviaion should also go slowly wit livestock investments. If the claim is true and it certaiel Is that the areas now devoted to lb growing of grain exclusively will pis better return when 'firmed on tl. mixed farming plan, why.. should it no be thus farmed, and why should no the farmers generally begin to farm i • :lius! A few animals on the far Or ma rry the farmer through in El when the grain crops are a failure. In nearly all areas of the norilieest . ow can be carried for a ear in goo form on the produce of three to four e!, - i land, should the produets grown 1 ti inter rye for pasture, and corn and a`cal fa for fodder. This can be done on e1roost any dry land farm.. The cretin. f torn that row should be worth $75.0.1 per year in the average market. Her en If well reified ahonlel be wort h in a good market at one year ohl. The return from the cow Mill calf for one year should be $125.00. The cow should be kept during that year on the pioduee of live acres. 'Ill - at Falls Commereial Club donated inean a return of $.2: - ..00 an acre. :•..sal.tiu in prizes whit It was distributed /I course tin. labor must ii. taken :id to boy s arid girls club, t his year, $40.00 the a e ,.toint. The wan ciii.. ea u elo that :is the potato glow eis tenet $10.110 to tlo o n lit old Illakl• S.11111. llllll t le .orn gros rs. .Neeiteitte reetads of On try land farm. Itut should it be ebjecte.1 that ti.,. and especially t he beginnet firmer on • northe estern areas wehre t he mark ete art , not well ad j it - e.t eannot * get hest. pro is. which ./bably t roe l'hen let a doileiction be Miele of •at . :ier cent or one fifth of the wheels', the - et urn from the lite acres is ;•.- , 110.111/ or 520.00 an aere. . Now if the dry la nil termer van got a rellilli ot .$22.214.171.124 ii (ere for his labor, where luta he an, ;round for compla jilt . Even t bougi t took 7 acre s 111 feed the t a,, itilmal- here is still $14.00 an acre and it is I tire thing. Twenty bushels of wheal s.r Here in dry areas is mutt a sore thi,. or are 12 bushels alway s sure. 1 ha vi eurn in the northwest during re •nt months one acre of which had Pa Agit of ford nut rit Ms in it to feed ow for a year. AGIIT YPER CENT OF THEM ARI ASSISTING THEMSELVES BY WORKING THEIR WAY or ions rind varied pie I p. s iv Mat the rat per cent of the stmt. -lit f the ['Tot :sity of Montana ho ar. flier totally or part It depmitleut up°. teir 1/W11 l,11.1111 . 1.` , . 11.‘o t t 114 , i ay tit' (nigh college. The Inc' 11. liol;1 %a: 'v hoe iat of nurse to timr ef 100114 III t b. i.e arts department to h.. ersitv One student reoeiv es 115 emit i an loot , attending two babies ev ery aft,' oon. Anothei receives ct or.. all 11.111 sr lot the. --I uals lit , in free hair I as beige nitiiikeer leaf po.it ion- , ch•rks i,, Mere:int ilc storc... I Wier - lit 1111 taleles, rake It-tv es doting t 1111 anti 41.V.•11 •••111.11. III ml,.. It MI. - . 1111 , ••••••1 -1 .1. 11.11... 11..11 ;i;...1 tor-., volt t••4, 114 lllll 1111•1•1•• • pal.f•I' 1,11 night wilt:111mm, Jantl s. 1 . 1111111C endei s library alai la Ina :dory :is, Int el,. hov s. eitogra Hier- tilors and lotto s. A comp tat ively large nituriber :ifs earn money lty at t ren during evening., iii,,!,- parents at say. A committee of . fat ult y 'libel nowt] as the Self Help continuo,. is Iterates 1111/ lug t lie college year in got fig eitiplovnient tor stud -in.+ iii,,, a s• 111 1..1111 111..111 . 1: 1.. 1 , 111.1111 11 \liege he Audi lit % .1. hrist sail I -so, wi n it 1•11 11 - 1111. 1111 1•111]./..1 111,111 1.1111,111 1111 11. 1 1 1114 . 11 111 , 1111111e 11101 111 ;_i•1111.2 till Or 111•/111y 1011 S111.1t . 111Q. PROFIT IN MONTANA CORN Sixty-three dollars 111•1' arl'1` profit ill corn is It he record of one ot I 'a ' , rade comity's young elierg..t i. 1.1- yen c td , farmers. August Stieka was ciirelled as a nientber of the Hess School coo. Club last spring, teeing one of t Ire members growing 1 , 1111 111111. r Ii' di - ee1 1 en of the agrielill mist this These young lee eq.], at I. y4,111 1 . 111'1 llll nst I it •-•-••••-•-•••••••••••-•-•-•-•-•-•-•-••••-• •••••-•-•-•-•-• We Talk Shoes because the kind we handk , are wroth praisinv. But the shoes them selves talk better than we can. Come Imd see how their smart siy!es. sold leather. per- fect workmanship and finish speak for them. A trial of them means more shoe - satisfaction than you ever had before. Walkover for Dress Chippewa for Hard Wear Kennedy -McConkey Cowan \The Quality Store\ -oat were kept !rum plowing to the rent sf t land, a 101 otits ,'corded 01 .111th lot %Aiwa. 11,..se re. orris will beat 111Vtlit igatt Is Mg el ilified by t iv wit 1 . 0111 1 . 11111 member. Atom -4 Sticka not only won hat priz. tf givitni by the t'ommereial Clu (nit is also the a inner of a seholarshi, I he alonta rut State Agi is'tilli,ral OA loge. Here is the story of the wino( 11 Itis trs l tink: - 11osI mitt red tlw ttiu,m 1•1111) tea Ir. 1111111 , 11ani 1 . 11111. iiIlt 1110 told u 1 :mut the (awn chi!.. voted and was el...4.A preeident. I joined th r Alb to get to know , atin thing abut: f on 01151 how to Nal... it I ti rst plow t io• plot a limit 14 ju hies deep. then I 1141S1 1 , 11 it double, an al too it several times. I worke he soil all in one day and the next da I got the seed ready for planting, .as \lay loth. Then I ma.te the 2 inches a pall 1 . 11 , 11 Wa:1\ :1111d Plat Is ill cult hill. Thole wore. sills on ney plot. It 1% . 114 planted :1 riche. ; deep. t lit Tt I piassed the earth .V1•1' t/1. - .r1. I the tows straight adli wav • .es tat it could be- 4-ultivitto ail, 'Ally. Th. vi I made a marker tt !et Ili,' rim a st ra iglit . I took ii /011: pit ..ir owl put tai. teeth on eacl iol 111 11. 11 hey weir 12. itiches a part put a king 11 lilt handle I lit ii the een er. I marked it • - svay, then lwen riosswaya. it n.11 marked it the other Wa: hen I planted lily corn 'a here the mark -...ssed. .S111. r few slays it raine. nil it did not toke long foi it to 1•10111 ;I. 11 I\ inches high !Id I 1 1111 it at. .1 it is 11 , 1111111 Wil y• 1 gm. IA , 14 111 , 1 111111 111411 1 11/11.1 111 /111 1 I ho..1 II thee , - time... J ii , t Lt.+ 41101 ' ••1 V1...•11•• 111 . 2:111 I 1101•11 1111'111 1/0%11 vall 1,1$6. I,, 1. - .4 Illy corn ...ok a 111, 1h 2 bv I ii•• I :111111 1 .V1 . 1/ 1 11. 11 I 114-k 5 1..-11101.4 f tom each ts, it -1 ed ii,- iii iii t ries s 0. Ni'. 111 1 1 N11. 2. Then I tolled II,,' t loth it slapp.•41 11101 /11 -. 1 ..11/111 :11'1.11111 I nil placed :mother 111411 In 1111• 4 1 . 111. I. k I tart the bundle 011 a 1, 11 , 1 114. a ,it, of winter at :t. I 3 it, n it erything 111 f.11 :it 11 1 11111W,1111i11`41 the 111111111e. 41101 1114 111 bill god.as Itsc', of -tlic - t • ell I 1111 1111111 II,,' t full I hot a I.4t instseria eia.licel out cw l,sh I, te4 tee.. I hal f c -le el 1111. iso a 1 le 11,-4 1 .:1 I of . 1 lit if in ..ho.1.-; awl let il slay thet lip!, of 1;1.-0 - 1,.. 'Flam 1 task none antl 111.1 .:111111 , 1.1'11)! ant- and le.ae2,I4 ..1111111f 1 . 1 111110 1 11 it,. i ltru c“..! 111 111,- 11..1.1 1141111 g0C.i 41111... :1101 1 Ir.:. 1 .111 1111 1.111 . 4 111 11. kk • L'.1l 4. 44.1.111•• suit 111 the hog , . cos s - -I 1.11 . 11 111.11.1ty 1111 1 1 it ma I re is c an I I it 1 111.1.1.• 1111” .111.1 11 1 . • ••11 111 . 1 - , •11. I got itilers,teel ii 0 •• s an.] it le•Ipod ,,i i' a gre a' And 1. 1.1.11 1.014 111101111. 1111 - 11 III- , • ,is. 1 , 1 111k 0. 11.111 to hoe and tak• irs• I it. I li ek 0.0 I •rmilil II , 9 1.•01;211. • I t limb I (I id :1111,1 , 11-1 1•1,11, 1 Li I did I hi• year. NI ...1 (Ii,' y 1111-11 its. flip' teer -1 .1 elres iim a is ty rei.pes t sTick.v. of lint oire 0 1 1. The. , a 75 others enrolled .' lam). Ii I. 1 nr.caele County Ae PRETTY XMAS WEDDING I/11 . -1.111‘ fOr the t 21.T.It 11.11 IA 111. 11 .111111.Iva 11111•• th.11 , 1 ,•••• - a• log value of corn in the agrh•ul- groom Olaf L. Olson took their petal- .supper at the Geyser Hotel and while titre sit the visahly. .41,11 was , teat- thin the wedding Wit as the i Laudiord liedmau has the reputation ed Indere 1.1,1 at nfig. accurate records were bride e..s, given away by her father, C.' \putting up a good feed\ at all times kept. and diii,•tions it Pr.' followed. The B. Jelleaoti. of Geyser, Mont. The at- this one was just e little better than tend:tut ; were Miss Flore.uce Petereon, usual. It was a turkey supper wits maid of honor, and Mr. Nels Olson, a all the trimmings. brothel et the groom, beet Alan. Mies Florenee Jc119.1U, a nicest of the groom wa4 Hower girl. . The bride more a gown of *ilk vnili with all,ver lace, and viel. tihe car- •ied a shower bouquet of brides(' 1 Oat% Ind 11111.•$ of the valley. The maid of Mum wcie white -marquisette with lac. - Ind ran it'd a basket of pink roses. Tht loner girl wore white silk and can 'led a basket of pink roses. The grow). .vere a suit el dark blue serge, ill , ...lemony Was performed be Rev tt e1lettaftio1 1 at ti:30 and Unwed lately following the wedding a form ours. wedding breakfuat was serves a humor of Mr. and Mrs. Olson At tie only cf Rev. and Mrs. Gustafson. The bride is the sister of Mrs. Gust ay. and ha s made # number o iende hoe on the occasion of her visit re at the Gustafson home. The groom is the son of lirs. Oda Ilion. raid since the death of his fat) • fiiteen years ago, be has managi me ratio in the town of Sanford. II a man of excellent character and hie iipabilitv and industry a -One useful aud successful life. They WP1'1. the recipients of man, prewints. The most valuatil .me was written in five figure*. Mr. and Mrs. °leen will snake thei , untie 1.11 the groom's farm about ei niles southeast of Elbow lake.-lieral. :lbow Lake, Ilinnesota. J. R. CASTNER DEAD John K. Ctiatiwr, pioueer citizen, firs inn or of Belt, and beloved by etel :esideut of the city, died at his hom ere curly Thureday nuorutug. Tb lid came suddenly, but yes peat -elm. paiUless. the culmination of *evert Kr/11111a/ fading of etreugth. 1 .as a distitet shock to the whole eon ...linty, bringing genuine expreursiori if sorrow from all sides. Ile i s au ked by a widow and one adopted sot lbert liting in (telt, a riepheN sing in Everett. Wash., and *evert et.liews rind niece, and other mor ,tant relutivea living in easteru atetes The funeral tans held at 11 o'clock mu elay from the auditoi ut a, *lab lag rondou ttol by the 11,• , .. , V .in Orstlel. hit et in nt s made Aland remet cry 111 1. 1 /I: Fails. 1; mains being sipped iui flare - 07 • ii'elock. ['min' the Great Falls der e body was taksn to the 1/:.! Fellot- iil, Ana Irons Oleic to th... es:in:ter . CARNIVAL iln-iiptetaile Doe, e and Caiiiival isi the Gey,ier opera hall %tits si -ti' i (-se f I - 1 , 111 start to finish. A merry 't: rottg ;fathered 1 . 0 rly aud etaves1 unti its'. Owing to leek of rouni in. the hall Ariel knowing the ili4positiOn of the pso He in Olt- , community as desiring I , lams. mote than auv tither 1111111,1111 , 11 1 II , ,'arniitil wor noi carried on to nut i extmit as to lia 7orferr• with Om- aha. et -jelled to trip the light font it . were two broths prettily deco- rated where one eould try their hick the best of it till e•as Manage. eile had it so arranged that each on to Mg their lurk at these booth. al Cot .o.toolleing as there were n - bunks. Confet t i and shistics Wen - here in large pi oport u.n . Mr. and 'ti rs. I,. E. Coughlin ba.I .1...sen by the is.ople to act as Kin; .ed Omen el O.- lo Is /le I the :at e.tael isle of till. Omen Martha looked splendid in ha T 0 Wa and eilleett.ly robe while Kin 41 lll 14. the first. (aiti. el ibis clown wit lienity (only alien the stza.ne of two step readied his ears the. •he familiar smile passed 014'1 h1 11e1 . arid lie ass just I inii. Btu wh. itcp. ••• :'-oaeeledli Ludo -tan outlet Marne Idou: . hip- lit \41itii:day iriorning„ Tin. cod-, a , 4i , +14.1 Vic clam. hi- lu is a lle:t91 i I 11.4-461.11,•I .r. -tit Falls lady. entertained the erow- till, te hit. a - Hearn -es. holly, inistletae i edit songs and stances, seri mg ni ies • • bouquets of red rs. , a n d /11 re and ti, ' l,5 for the King and Queen as • a I. It i.t candle I,n,i g. 'one in their eircles. • • The deforat ions were mat orally 11,1 The tnusie from Great rall• • • to b.. list- sl-i•-s .ition. for th e i.t ii i 5 -0,14 all that coalsi be desired and \Ian- : trel 111 ,, lat f! .. tieilditiv hell 11 the Its ti i tf er Gale med., to be ron g ratulitted on 41 1 i t 4.• ,111111-11 1.,•1 1 1' on tura Ile ni P.I iilgirmg ci, good an Of -),, ti, t0 our • • r 11-11 for a till 1-1 outs ll. 11••v. 1;110 I ath. city. II made no aamain relent of th .1 good number attended the fe•ti- : filing to be pet tooted and the litst 1.1 lies from Raynsford and Spion Kole • Inflation ref thes,:. present v. -as lie s odes in and aiound Geyser and all • trance of I he 'bridal minty. 1 , oneninced it a success. The bride, Effie A. Johnson and Landlord Iletimart servitti the midnight A DELIGHTFUL PARTY Mrs. Billinghurst and her slat -it. Mrs, Pittston, delightfully entertained a num- ber of ladies on Tuesday afternoon it. honor oi their sister, Mrs. Tisdale, kit I ;tillage, who is spending the week with .hem. The weather was ;old and storm y but all those who braved the atoll', was met with such warm hospitality the cold out side wab forgotten. Th, liffair waa held at the Ifillinglnirs: j tome, Miss; Itillf.lit0 - ocit ably assistiint in he entertailinrut. Notorious guessin; ;amps were indulged in. whieh I itertainiug. One, the gucssing of prom rbs, Was especially cntertaiiith.g. fii. f the geleats getting all eorrect so it I . - a-essitated a drawing a4 to eke. %tout any home the prize. Through luel ad hot brairli \ye editor\ was allowec he honor, the prize being a very prett) .n -bon dish. CANDIED GRANEEERIES The Department of Agriculture ii sending out its bulletin 11/14 WA forgot ien the kitchen and .has the tollowite. suggestion for winter sweets: Caudied eranbei ries make a delicion and inexpensive confection unt Ii resent bling eandied cherriem but having it distinct flavor of its own. This is -suggestion to hemsewiren from the bont economies experts of the department who have been developing new use. (or the cranberry. They have develop eel a method which, if followed closely gives • bright, firm, plump, seml•traw Arent eandk•d fruit which can be eats'. as a sweetmeat or used to give a toucl if color to froated cakes, whipped create or cuitard, or which can be ivied lik itron in cakes or puddiug, or choppe. ,p and added to tutti-friut ice ereenis 1'6e secret of candying cranberric eve in handling the fruit so that it wi acorn. , 'triturated with sugar. Thi ails for glow cooking on the iiietallniee .lan and the use of • dish large euoug permit ,.all the berries to float .- the top of the sirup during cooking. the skins are so tough that they 111111 , }a pierced before cooking to hi ti tirup into the pulp or interior. To Is his three little slits, eaeh one -eighth inch long, should be made in each berry National Forest, and will be cut chiefly 'with the point of a penknife. Use 141 . - for railroarties. It eompri-tes, accorit- leeted cranberries. • The directions-ging to the government's estimate, 82„- b . 100,000- board -feet of green rind Acad. lodgepole pine, Engeltnitml spruce, arm Alpine fir. The sale price di 10 cents (or each tie cut and one-half cent pt•r aineer foot for mine timbers, Notwithstatiding that gime the eur- trent fiscal year began, July I, there have been two large previous sales of National Forest timber, one in Arizona of less than 50,000,000 feet. the other ill Washington of nearly 100,000,000 feet, the i amt bulk of the *ales from the National Forest are of small qunn- title s tor the supply of 10..111 needs. Tht , total cut from all the National Forests last year teas 6S0yits1,11 itt h oar d' hut, of which nearly (ate• for let 11 went Iui loyal residents allowed free Ilse, while tint of a total of nearly 11,000 individuld eaten only 109 involved I timber worth - 'more than $1,000. With timber receipts during the la* fiscal pair jut 1 . 7.:C1'. 1 % ef $1,175,000, the forestry officiale say (het if the rate of gain Illretray ni I this year continue , the reteitta exceed all past records. NO. 45 RED PEP'S PH L LOSOPHY \Mary a your9 man's noose is cooked with et chicken': Shoe Bargains Right Now Ladies' $4.50 value for__ $3.50 Girl's $2.50 values for 2.00 Boy's $2.00 values for__ 1.00 Men': $4.00 values for 3.25 . Rainbow corsets .60 Golden Rule Store C, R. JOHNSON are as follows:- • For 1 V a cups of berrie s make a sip by bt..ling together until clear : ps of sugar and 21/ 3 imps of scat,'? him the sirup is cool add the berrie and bring very elowly to the boilin point. If the berries are heated tot Nuickly, the skins will buret before th. Isirup soaks into the pulp. As soon as sirup boils take the dish of f (h stove and let ti &taint ov er ingtO. Ne. (lay drain the eirlits fool. the berri, rid beil it mitil it les resists...el to ahem `tali of it, original %ohms , . l'ut burrit it into thie nictliont I it, k sit is old beat ellowly gentiv tor I hr. or four minutes and then allow to st air or two limns two,. 'l'io-n I4 il gent' • third time for five minutes. A Ismail •.r dirdi pi...Amid% • ill Iry it .•••,1.•41 hi 7.111 third and t too light . cold or. bet ter still. at tire fot nw i ng drain ofT I he Sirup iii- - spread the berries out on a light buttered paper until the surfari• the berries dries, The berries, if .1 rectiona ha i.e been followed, will rend . , separately and not into a sticky mass. LARGE SALES OF NATIONAI, FOR EST TIMBER SVe-flingtor.. Dec. 39. -Bids have beei 1111 trti .1 by Department of Ari •,11 ture tot ts.. huge bodus of Nationo or -4 111111h.-' I:stimated to contaii ss.. ,, a0 000 bond teet. One i s in Cal mei.' and Vie other in Utah. Witl fie seeption three are by far the moat neertant Sails; Intiele thia fiscal yea' is expected by forestry of lf-ials to rim considerably above last ear in reeeipt4 from timber seises, (hi Matt five n the having shown an in • rettqr el . nearly 40 per (*tut. California aisle Is on the Plumes National Forest, in the Sierra Moon- tat ThP nued VallIa1110 irritwr is sugar pine, lit a kWh 4.`11M per I bo o s • cra m bid, with ar. totdl of nearly 20,0110,000 boat (eet on the amount is put at over 37,000,000 feet, also was bid. Douglas fir. white fir, and incenate ce- dar, which have a much lower market value, brought an average of only a- bout 70 cents a thoriemel for a total of over 43,000,000 feet. The pti ti..r will be allowed all operating period of fifteen years, besides a vA•ar at the beginning for the construrtion of rye- esusary improvements; but the prices to be paid are subjeet to readjustm-nt every five years, The Utah timber is in the NVasetch CORN COMING MONTANA CROP Hozeman.--•Thot in spite of a wide- spread belief to the contrary ; orn is a practical crop for alontuna and leth suetable and profitable for wile -spread cultivation in this etate. la the conclu- sion of a bulletin now in preparation by the Montana Experiment Station which will be issued within a few weeks. While experts have been experiment- ing with corn for only a few years, the evidence that f hese experiments are -worth while is largely iti the form of a history of the cultivation of this crop during Rev. ral Node riee paid by the Indians on meet- parts of the con- tinent. A molt intereeting part of the bulletin will be a nes lv compiled his - toe\ , of the growing of corn by the Indian ti on a plan which declined when they were pressed back by the Whites. Read the Times •-•-•-•-•• tract. Foe yellow Vine ) of stlxich the