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„ VOL. 6. _ - - 141'• '1.51 4 1641 434. 1i, oln• • 41 GEYSER, MO Prof. Shaw Urges Early Sowing When journeying through North Da- kota recently, the attention or the wri- ter was arrested by the very large amount of land that was yet unplowed. The date Was May 11th. Now all au- thorititil Will concede that it is not safe to sow Wheat or any other kind of cereal after that date, unless it be bar- ley. In some years a good crop may be obtained, but the chances are all against it. The late season has been caused by, first, the unusual amount of snow and frost; second, by the phi.- Lon:lineal fild weather that prevailed during the spring months, and, third, by the unusual amount of rain that fell. which hindered the early tillage of th.. land. These causes no human fore- sight could prevent. But another cause was the small percentage of the land plowed In the fall of 1915. Human fore- sight and effort might in many instan- ces have prevented this. Since it did not, what is to be done? Why, the farihers after June 15th should not think of sowing or planting any other crops than barley or flax, corn ahd alfalfa. It is folly to sow other cereals after the date mentioned. One year in twenty Cereal crops sown later may succeed, but not more frequently. Barley may produce a reasonable crop sown after May 25th and before .Inne 1st, but not so large a crop a.s if sow!' earlier. But it brings with it the ad- vantage of aiding in cleaning the land when sown this late, providing the land Is again plowed as soon as the harvest Is reaped. The same is true of a crop of millet. With reference to corn, it usually (14:4441 well in North Dakota when planted about May 26th, but the re - ,jilts as • rule from corn plinitd this - Mite will be better from fell plowed than from, spring plowed land. The conclusion therefore is that after May 25th the crops that way be sown or planted of greatest promise are barley, millet and corn. To BOW other crops would be to invite the risk of failure. Under existing conditions why would it not be a good plan for the farmers its place. If that other crop, as for instance, millet, corn or alfalfa, can- not be planted on tine, then there is still a resource. That resource is the summer fallow. The summer fallow is too little in evidence in Montana. for the necessity for this was impressed upon the farmers in the first years of settlement. The aim should be where crops cannot be planted on time, to sum- mer fallow the 'land. Such a course will give no return for the current year, but it will bring an increased return In the years that will follow from the same land. The weeds of North Da- kota, in many plawes, are notorious. The beneficent influente to the farm- ers in reducing them by summer fal- low are too little understood. Suppose a piece of foul land is sum- mer followed. what will follow when it is plowed, say in June and packed which it ought to be in all dry areas! Why, weeds will grow and they will grow apace, if unrestrained. What are the restraining influences? Why, run- ning the harrow or the weeder over the land as soon as the weeds begin grow. tither implements, as the rod weeder are good. A flock of sheep giv- en free access to the summer fallowed land are excellent. The point to be empheeizeul here is, that the Dakota farmers should not ob- ject to the summer fallowing of land that cannot be planted in time. Such summer fallowing will in itself aid in cleaning the land. That will in itself promise marked increase in the crop of the following years. Will not that be much better In every way than low- ing crops out of season? What do the farmers say to this proposition! PROGRAM FOR JUDITH BASIN FARMERS' PICNIC AT MOCCASIN The Eighth Annual Farmers' Picnic will be held at Moccasin, Friday, July 28, and the following is a tentative program of what will he going on there on that date: of North Dakota and Montana to sum- 10 to 12 A. M. -Inspection and Study mer fallow a large portion of the lend of Experiment Plots. in 1918, and thus prepare it for grow- 12 M. -Picnic Dinner. ing a good crop in 1917. This sugges- 1 to 3 P. M. -Speaking Program. tion will be specially applicable to Presiding officer -lion. B. C. White, But' western North Dakota and Montana tab, Montana, President of Montana where the normal precipitation run: Farmers' Federation. low. The speakers for the occasion, so far The farmi;rs should not 'take (bailees. as is known now, will be as follows: To do 90 is a sort of- gamble. If the Col. L. W. Robinson, Forsyth. President, backward seasons forbid the sowing M on t ana F anner ,. F e d era ti on . of wheat on time, wheat should not be Professor M. I.. tVilson. 110ZP/1111I1. Nfon• mown., Some other crop should take tana County Agent Leader. Dr. Edward C. gIllott, Chancellor, University of Montana. Miss Edna Hagerman, Home Economies Teacher. Great Falls . H. S. F. L. Cummings, Lewistown, Principal Fer s ;IIM County High School. Governor S. V. Stewart of Montana. Hon. I. I). O'Donnell, Billings. 1.1. S. Re- dlamation Obnunissionert Dr. F. It Crane, Agriculturist, Great NOrllieril Railway. Dr. E. C. Chilean tor some }Ember of the staff, L'. S. IN.parteuent of Plant Industry. IS IDENTICAL WITH CANNED ETABLES AND IS FINDING AS WIDE A USAGE The principle involved In the silo is precisely the seine as that employed in canning fruit or vegetables -the ex- clusion of all air. Well preserved sil- age is nothing short of canned vegeta- he to fit Ill - - - though the possibility of a crisis haflot entirely passed the Mexteati sit- ucifon has cleared rapidly during the prod week and the opinion seems to be • '''''.•••••••••••\..- .sc. - • - a..orr - ljeFV* _ ,t; • • t• ' Le 11 ' A- ''' ., JULY 7, 1)16 ' 4. - 11/ ota. - :04 ttiot,ttat.•.,1-teltra.ntiairiattliellitistaisatithWiitial I FIT:: • 4- 4 -- • NC),49. s condition and in the highest ford and others from Great Falls and that in 1915 no leas than 25 colt - shows kg efficiency. Sam Purdy of Lewiatonn are members were held in the state of Minnesota silo and the dairy cow are bound of the company. which ia• s a closed cur- alone. In some sections these shows eorne important factors on every poration of 15 stock -holders. in Montana and one depends very I. N. Walker. who recently return - upon the other. The silo enables e.I fitim Lewistown, where he conferred farmer to preserve his entire for- with Mr. Purdy. states that the well is rop in such form that it will keep located between 7wimming W'oman I indefinitely and maintain a very and Careless ek. not far from the feeding value, while the cow en- foot hills of the miouitains. At it depth him to convert it into a readily of Nu feet a strong flow of artesian table form in a short space of water was striwk whieh was heavily era and with a very small loss.- impregnated with natural gas. Martin, Dairy Specialist, Montana 1.0..al :nett who are interested in the College, Bozeman. oil drilling at this point state that the seetion hits been 4.X11111illet1 (iv expert ge- ANZA'S REPLY TO THE PRES- u lOgiStg. who dein' it is one of tle. ENT'S NOTE HAS BEEN RE- most promising fields in the country CEIVED end are of the opinion it is an exten- 'u,f !erg 1 (munition- which eX1P11141 into Montana from the Elk ha sin regions in 11'youting. where oil op orations ale 1141M •III • .•. , fully judo on / The isimpaux 101.- h e as,•ul 7.500 ere - are held in the spring, but in a major- ity of eases the fall of the year is se- lected. The latter season appears to be preferable for a number of reasons. At that time the heaviest part of the farm work is about over; and with more time to spare, farmers will take a greater interest ill tlit4 vent and the object for which it is held. These exhibitions are invariably held independent of the county fair, although there apparently no reason why' a -how of this kind eonld not be innde an important and outstanding feature of the annual eounty event. In some instances these shows were inetigurated with simply one class (or grade draft (cab , anil have gradually until the cla..ricstiori is almost -is complete as that of the State fair. 11ovreser. bilge elassifleation Ides and is finding as wide a field of prettilent now thst war will be avoided of land in the prospective oil belt and ll'it IHP\.ibll• III Illoal kw/dillies its the eanned limits and vegetables for him' sou r ' t het a sat isfaetorv agreement 'by hope to extend their operations in ti t , larger a mount of Monti necessary can sed. The best lan, situ the teiefulaess as a feed for atoce ita the _I Carranza and the United States Can he foto' e. The faet that it large flow of not be rai man food. The economy of the silo re • most lienefleial one. perhaps, would .be I. For ain't appeared to be a water and the flow of ilos hart. been lies in the fact that the entire forage to hold all exhibition for weanlings and 1011 time after the dispatch of Presi- stopped and it is thought that a good crop can he preserved in its green form yearlings only. If Ole ' , Immunity or de Wilson's note. no word was re- flow of oil will noon be reached. very littlt. loss the same as any other elide Nom Camilla and 111.414111 of Mr. Polity. inf Lewistown. i• olse distriet has a fairly . large number of pure brtol horses, ...penile classes ttoll141 indefinitely, in small space and with clear ng the situation gradually g`rew heavily. interested in is 1.1•111pally form canned goods. 1...nlike vegetables and he provided for pu re bred* a nd grades. serious. In his note tlw president ',I in Nirway which is prospeeting tot ti a a [meti . . u yute rewase of the prisoners oil sl till ll Of the 1.il 1 It- lid( a1 , 411111111 ii. The quest' of having chosses 110111 ea att•.1 fruits, the silage cannot be trans- al 1 I when. it is stored. This fact makes ii af Uarriral and a definite state- in the Ila rliiwton it After re. light and heavy horses will depend upon pelted to market but has to be fed whet her -titlieient a t ten t ion is being I (rem the de facto goy...imp:out a. esaving a leport made by oil experts the neis•ssary for farmers to keep live stock to t e:r plan for action. The hitter Stuntlar. 1 oil e Nu n y ma & •11 0 . N ot . given to t he produet ion of bot hi 'lasses. farmers of alontana to •decide whieth part of the week word was received that way company a flattering tarr for a lit aetatring the neceseary funds to li- on the farms so that it is up to the 'articular kind of livestock will utilizt the larisonere had been relessed sad half interest in all the leas , s all.tahy mince such sit exhibit' as a colt show 1 a number of different plans !MVO been the silage the most economically. that' they were being escorted to the acquired. tireat Falls Leader. border by a heavy guard. On Saturday suggested. lie Minnesota one show ix Corn silage is excellent for any kind th ' were turned over, together with all THE ELK LODGE WILL STAGE litianeed by the stallion owners, eueh of livestock but is especially adapted equipment. to an American gen- \THE PASSING OF THE WEST\ giving $2.5 in cash prizes, to be divided to the dairy cow. The cow is so con- era Mile act on the part of Carranzn -A •GOOD SHOW , among the colter sired_his . 14411,1On. relieved We situation greatly. Another phut is to 'tare the county stituted by nature that she requires , Mitch roughage of a succulent nature. All this time the state militias were On July 10, II and 12 the Great Fall- horse breedsr's association or the vat - - She needs a bulky ration to fill the mobilizing and being hurried toward Lodge of Elks will present C. L. Har hoot farmers' clubs contribute suffieient stomach anti to activate the secretory the border. Enlistments were being ris's famous performance the \Passim money to finance thr show., while still another scheme is for the local hank glands in the walls of the stomach, made ant the world learned that (hi. -of the West\. This show has secure' , The secretion of large quantities of di- American people were behind theii the serviees of about 100 of the 4 or banks to furnisli the money for prem- gestive juices aids the digestion which President in a body. No doubt (at- famous iiders am)! ropers of the c oon a \'I \thl'r exPeases• enribles the row to utilize a larger per- nous also learned this fact for Wed- try all of theps/Stars in their lines, pre Mau ever, 1 lip most pop11141r tilid ctilll- ventage of her feed, hence it stimulates nesday's reports statual that the lone soiling .1144 fill1101Is 1.crforillers a• iiirthixl is 14. go a g the business milk. •ty and secure anti - the production of a larger quantity re' expected Canalize reply haul arrived at Lueille Nhilliall. Fa tiny- Sperry -Stet I \\'\ \f lit,- ' y t . ent i c ilit u rv in tone. This note haul not otouoyyledousi as the holy elle Itiltille II f hi,. \\ . t tO pay The sUccIllellt character of the %Dog • iVashington H ad th a t it was extremely and 1'eta MO t . ..1 Mrs. Steeh. i mill' . in Smith 1.1it a I ikewise is a very important factor • :vet been translated and given to goy • buckine hero. rider of Ho. world. hat AII l\'\ 6 \\\ ' 1 \'\ I ' l IN ' th-i g\ .. \'\ I I \' with the dairy cow. Every dairymen ernment ollieia14. in but the knowledge ing takt.„ laii.... at calgatt. alai %vim. . 'At lint inestuensive ribliums um which knows that a cow will produce more that could be uibtaisied from it elearly Irt-g. Tht•st• 1 h i Ps- t mul l : ladle. oil! I. \. 11 \ inii\ II \' \\'\''' \ C II \' .411,-\' (hi'' with less grain when on grass than at showed that cfr111811/./1 haul lot the st imitelied ageitist alit awl a . till ...um , ' . \ \\ 1 II \' '\ 1 -- I \ \ hid ' triu- ' he - any other time. The reason is 1/11i1i. jolt C01111111/41 WIth (111. 1/1•111a1141. 1111 01 A111,,1g 1111. 1114 11 11114. 11 ill pi .....I evident for the grass fulfills the condi American notes. . u..1, iid..,.. dmi ,..1..i.. it'.. I .... , I, I,..... 1111A. Iii,- iii t•iiiiiiiii. iii the intik iiiiial tins of being both bulky and succulent. Excerpts from commenta on the note. Sammy Gat let. Hat ry \Vanua .,. o It lesses -humid cutisist et rash tutu ar.1.. lit being bulky it stimulates the di• ism - stained in Wednesday's diem+ tche• a unit II . lie in pion- hip at nit elute la- ' i ' ' 1111; `' ..\ I list t in' u-\ InT'IU\Ii i p a t, -lark Fritz. Earl simip. ,.. n. .7at. , aize consist ot it suitable trophy rather - N... ye •ar NI iller. Bill Steele, a nut This tiophy bleed not - p a d, s ad a , ;la it 11111.1111'y. gestion end being aiwculent it aids the tt . a . i as follow , : COW in utilizing her food to better au according to the embassy synopsis ntage. throws off WaistP product a•I'l•SSNrily be. ex pen siv I t should. Va of the communication. which officials Ben\ Gooreeedi. -Wild Bill - I.)P in 14 believe was prepared personally toy Gen- will on the top iii it ing the out Det..1 1 \ - \\ a \ . - \\\ iiii \ g 13-Iing. I \ whi ' Ii which keeps h 4 IA Carrenze. it rem.ws assurancea wituel stage V4111111. 111 a,114111 loll 1111,•1 , \I'l\ tuut I H ' in I 0 it h 4 Y that the defect° government still re. will 10. pre...10.A a leine-entetium of i,... hr \'mid gl\'I t\ thing of this kind, the true value4of store order in northern Mexico and es- an old cow town of the etirli- day-. which i- iii oleo it rejut•-ents. Tio• silauring 01 u intent men to rtt-h as judges is 1111 imisotant u s oisiuleratium. This problem probably earl be solved comparatively easily hr taking up the matter with the aniline] Imsbanitry div- ision of the state agricultural college or with the stallion real:Aeration beard. Either cf these bodies probably will be within?. to cueperate with the local 'rot:unmet. and turn. ii•c.ent will tic able to plesiont to the pPoplt Intal I lie body t a hhish an adequate guard age inst buil -- This enter, a in ment is situ d to be ....• 1That Summer Suit is Ikeady der raiders. It is not known whether nest there is, 1Wing a fetatilre shoW ill a tiny mention is made of previous orders 'lass far removed from Ow cannmoit to (4.11Pral Trevino that American troop , ru of wild -west shows. There will te• be attacked if they move east, south or s frelay race each day between the west in alexico. Apparently the corn w ten riders. Miss McGinnis perform - Prepare for Your Suninler Vacation math. statement i that rega-d. ough. sta ds up in the Saddit.. performaw - munication avoid n s the definite s diPlo- he famous drunken ride A in WhiCh she by Secretary Lansing. end substitute ..vill be given ea , h dr..y at rling Padb an argument as tee Die general situa and the 'Elks eonfidentiv lv-lieve thry t kin. Wheather you go to the country or remain in town, you'll The loth also is Said to point out residing in thi: section it (Ile PlAiliti a 101 tilt. , 110W. When \lice P•tal.li-thetl. it W O) be A ill want stylish, combrtable clothes for that vacation ; ,...,,.,1 various Letin-American pow In Montana this year. a: ratelt of tb i ha I I he PrinelPle \i mediation lle so!) the hest all arialli.1 410W tut lie giy u n found that the mutual colt shew will ers has been accepted by the de fact. pelfmnier: it a to ofe-toital backed 1,, do I11114.11 to bring about . ail improye- government and to invite the W . asit . hard earned reputation. ment in the gliality til the hotses rais- ed in the- communit y. The -e exit ibi- ington government to express its r i P :V Spend your vacation weaing on r e of out suinmer General Carra v h nza beliees. oweYao TELLS ABOUT COLT SHOWS Guns, iteld preferably at the county r that mors could be acconitillislied b Coffee Creel.: ha: adopted the ravao:e s -at. will afford possible pro:pectiv- suits, inade from your favorite fabric and model. .iireet negot tat tons between W s shi n • I annii.illy holding a t oIt \show. Ti, hovers an opportunity to learn sem,- ton a MI Merrio tr I .I it idle Li! , Ilia ,,1 1 • I,,,, kg . ,, 1 ,,. h.., i t 1 11 ,1.1, a ft thole of the I Ia.- , ti hol -Os h. ine Pit proureilings. lure of th.. Itio Farmer's tray ( soon. ; 1 ion helul in Ste nford. VIllf 1 IliS rea so dileed in the loc.ility. void [hi. ui.mmim, tv will thus by benefited by the,, fort $12.00, $15.00, $18.00, $2().0() „.,,,id bk. ,„,...ii,h. thlillugli iiipslia I ie. h:ven though the note is really it- ..,. i n u,,,, J ug te.e.reel he. elepa rt mem e. that it a -ill eventually have e•thblisled t sell its a market for horses that e ill elowilitory as it 11 ,, NV ..1•4•1111, 1,, 1,4'. lit :!iie-tilliire. at ill ha , of ieterest. eadily sell H1 goo\ pri.. Come in and look over OUr SUM M e r furnishings. .. pl h.,,,,,, will be merle in t he ',resew 1 o i ll i.i nin .., aro to ,„ ,,, :., a ri .,.. t a o t i, an stud the moy ement of troops will -it kno b, tifig i n t e r e•I i n I he I maa ali bg - The -re. i-f•%1 • I . % n'a, 11 From no other source wil l you procure such snap- 4'01161111e. 11 is certain that the Coil high elm- her -es. Nett to uommunii. he to tot i4, ttf ht11.11i in.! ell SI HU\ , 1104, 1101 114•Sill• war and that ! horse boaster's 11 ,, f1 , 1111.1s. I111,1 St li i 1 iiiii , li ill IP•collr Morc py exclusiveness. See us now and solve the vies- if a selisfattory agreement' Call possite ' stallion lieense la W. Iii. 1 , . is, 1,4411:1r1ha 1 I h.•% Int, r iii.• tion of clothes for summer. Full lines of I y be nficheil %%lir still 1 ,, ' 11‘4 , 1.1..'11- ' no 4.11;4.1 lacteal that ta ill .11 materiel!, :.ilily in the ex.! leo v., a .- i-t in the hot -emeol of the hot se. that they- PIO, g• Pio/ •• 1 % - II LOCAL MEN AFTER OIL . oi 1111. ,- 11V. It is only iii reta•til 11 \ \ 11 \\ IlIlide 3 ' wit us' IIats. Shoes, Shirts, i Iiidervvear, Ties, Hose, Belts SfiVili•I al hr n G t reat Falls hosi i ,•,.,„ t , th a t i inia l o s h as 1,,...„ g i,,..„ e„ Th ' loday is 1114 11•1' 1111411 . 114 1 • 41 t I lli nes.. men ale interested 111 II ciumoanylli i i, %ell t import allt 1'4.111111V in ..I OM., • Whill'h is IlOW drilling for oil in the , I jou l a ji.I. th e ra pidly grow i ng mot e . . '' f. \ ben \ hot Cur,' 411'111111141 Illi- i r l•Pe a j el l :: Snowy mountains iii FII•Tgl/P1 1•01111tty„ ; 'm i n i f o , I n A t iq i iiit , a i..,. 111 a 111411 that IS ,11'llaTell by pr iiiii in- At the present time eolt -.bows ATV 1111 the le.\ er el8 : ... ROSS M I-A_T,RCANTII,E CO. ent geOlOgiSta to hp one of the best lamina t u . s ...0 i n man y iii.iii j i gs o f a II \' hi g h \ P I \' illscovered in the west. Already a rig numb, r a the An(e.r. u .bieflv wher e has been erected, and drilling has twen i ',trillion tbsolo. leo. at, iii etTeet. A. It is naivelt t-.1 : uw. : .that the Incorporated going out for horns. time. In addition an illustration of the 'similarity of submarine nu •! . , 1•.- .- ut fled a P. , R• to prominent loudness men from Bill- these shows and the keen interest man- el s because ,. t , n-et .a s are the The Home of Good furnishings for Men ings SUlii ITeleno, 1, N. Walker, S. S. ifested in them by the people of the only kind it -ur v.! u .. it safety to suwassamonemseminai llobaon, Frank Mitehell, H. K. Hick- far iii i i ife usimmunitie.. it Is reported itself. - 1 asarsaripassasawass . .....,....... S. - 4