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I. IT was a merry Christmas in/I3enton, if he consumption of something over a thousand turkeys and double the number , of chickens had anything to do in makin it merry. 4 THE RIVER PRESS. THE RIVER PRESS Published Every * Wednesday Morning by the River Press Publish- ing Company. 4. senate recently passed ninety pen- sion bills in fifty minutes, and yet it • has been all summer and part of two winters in considering whether it should pass one territorial admission bill. THE St. Paul Globe came out in pink ChristRias morning. It is a beautiful number and replete with interesting sta- tistical and other matter : The Pioneer Press and Minneapolis Tribune also is- sued excellent numbers. THS Queen prorogued parlament last Monday, and in her speech complimented that body on the good works it had per. formed. Santa Claus dispersed the Amer - ican parliament theinthr day for which the people do the thanking. THi'i recent snow fall was general throughout the territory, and was grate- fully received by all. Fall had been sit- ting so long in ihe lap of winter that ma- ny believed it had become a fixture there. The change is a welcome one. THERE IS danger ahead. A chewing g•ttai and peanut trust is to be formed. Now is the time for 'young America and his best girrto rise up in their wrath and denounce the unholy alliance. Eternal viiiilance is the price of liberty. NIINNEAPOLIS broke her record for building this year. Oves• it14,000,000 were expended in erecting business blocks and private residences—several million dollars more than were ever before expended i n that direction during any previous year of its existence. THE assessed valuation of property in thei a erritory will not fall far short of $70,- 000,000 this year—an increase of nearly $10,000,000 over that of last year. This is a gratifying showing in view of the fact that mines, one of its greatest sources of wealth, are not taxed. • NOTWITHSTANDING rumors are afloat • . that R. B. Hayes, of 1876 memory, will go • into Mr. Harrison's cabinet, it is notitt all probable he will be called away from his Ohia chicken ranch. The coming occu- pant of the White House will not get into the soup by dealing in chestnuts. 4. I THE seD ate - bill will come to an early vote afterObe holiday vacation if filibus- tering bel not resorted to in that body. The house has not yet outlined any defi- nite course in regard to its action upon _ the measure. Southern members, it is said, favor the repeal of the tobacco tax. A SENSELESS rumol• was started by some one in Indianapolis that an attempt was made to assassinate General liarrison. The general's family was very indignant ablaut the matter, and very promptly de- nied that such an attempt had been made. Yet we notice that several of our eastern exchanges are treating the canard riously. THE Helena Herald is authority for the statement that all the assessors of the territory have sent in their yearly returns to the territorial auditor, except those of Bediverhead and Choteau. Assessor Ham ilton doubtless can furnish satisfactory reasons why the returns of this county have not been placed before Auditor Sul- livan ere this. IT is quite possible that Montana may yet receive an addition to the meagre al- lowance of $9,000 for surveys. The tact that about 18,000,000 acres of the great northern reservation have been recently thrown open to settlement and that the lands should be surveyed, seems to have escaped the attention of the authorities at Washington. THE New Idea says: \The French cop- per syndicate have offered Haggin & Co., the copper kings, four million to close down their smelting works in Montana and elsewhere. The Haggin outfit want five millions for closing down their smel- ter - 1i.\ Will Brother Dillard please tell us whether he knows the above to be true,or whether he is simply reproducing an old ru mork IF our esteemed contemporary, the New Idea, had copied that \potato\ arti- cle direct from the RIVER PRESS, it would save discovered no inconsistency in it. The potatoes matured in five months from the day of planting, and It was written, but in its shuffle through the territorial press the word \months\ was changed to - days.' Only that, and noth- ing more. THE reported interview between Gen. Warren and the Independent man has created quite a breeze in east side and west side political circles. The Inter Moudtain says the general was joking, and the Record intimates that the Inde- pendent scribe did not correctly report hi'm, while the independent continues to regard the utterances of the Butte boss - as the true reflex of his views concerning the disposition of the federal patronage in Montana. Thei43 is fun ahead, which may Culminate in the general being com- pelled hereafter to prefix his remarks in earnest, now. =4 mean THE RIGHT OF SELF DEFENSE. At the last session of the Silver Bow county grand jury B. F. Catching was in- dicted for drawing and exhibiting a deadly weapon in a dispute with one Deniers at uth Butte. Mr. Catching's trial de - eloped the fact that Demers was ad- ancing upon Catching in a threatening manner when the latter drew the weapon. The jury, however, found Catching guilty as charged, but Judge DeWolfe, before whom the case was tried, set aside the verdict as contrary to the evidence in doing which' he said: \the right of self defense is a God-given right, and when;a man confessedly larger than the defe9Iti- ant advanced upon him, ae it was proved that Demars did upon Catching, the de- fendant was perfectly justified in drawing his weapon and notifying Demars that if he advanced upon him it would be at his peril, and the best proof of the defend ant's justifiable apprehension was the fact that Demers afterward knocked Catching down.\ The judge also ordered a nolle prosegri i in the case, thus relieving Catching of t costs of the trial which amounts to a $'250. There are those who hold that if a man can run away from an attacking party he is not justified in drawing or using a deadly weapon l and that he is never justified in using one unless he is cornered or unable to make his escape from the aggressor. Judge DeWolfe evi- dently does not hold to the running theory, but believes that the right of self defense is a God given one to be exercised by the attacked party as to him seems righ nd proper under the circumstances. 'l'o those who do not think a man should sacrifice his manhood in taking to his lieels to avoid an encounter in a just cause Judge DeWolfe's decision in the Catching case will meet a hearty endorsement. Professional bullies may profit by pasting that decision in their hats. INFORMATION WANTED. Hon. E. C. Garrett, representative -elect for Choteau and Cascade counties, has prepared a circular and sent it to stock- men in northern Montana, of which the following is a copy: DEAR SIR:—If you favor a bounty law on wolves and coyotes, please furnish me with the following information: 1. Number and value ef horses, cattle and sheep, known and estimated, lost by you through wild animals the past year. . 2. What bounty per head do you con- sider enough? 3. Should bounty be paid by territory as heretofore, or by each county? If lat- ter, from county general fund or by spec- ial levy on assessed value of stock pro- tected? 4.0What:provisions for such law do you recommend to guard against fraud and to accomplish the extermination of the pests? Petitions to the legislative assembly, urging the passage of a bounty bill should be signed by the people of your vicinity and sent to your representative as early as possible. Yours respectfully, E. C. GARRETT. Address: Choteau, Montana. As may be seen, Mr. Garrett's inquiries cover several points upon which he seeks information. It should be truly given and forwarded, as the gentleman suggests, at an early date so as to enable him to pre- pare a bill in conformity with the answers given to his questions. It goes without saying that every stock- man in northein - \Montana favors the en- acent of some law providing for the eiterminaLiou 2? wolves. But there may exist a number of opinions as to what law will beat promote that end with the least expense 'to the territory. It is time wasted to urge the re-enactment of the old bounty law, with the ground squirrel and prairie dog attachment. No legisla- tive assembly that could be convened in Montana would restrict it. Nor could the territorial treasury stand it. There- fore, any bounty law incorporating all the provisions of the old one is out of the question. In fact, it is a very difficult matter -to draft any bounty law which will meet the exigency of the situation that will not be open to objection from some cause. The end, however, can be gained without what is known as a bounty law. The RIVER PRESS has outlined <the pro- visions of a bill which it believes will cover the ground and at the same time be less open to objection than any other bill that may be presented to a legislative body. There is one thing certain that under it there would be no possible dan- ger of the territory paying twice for the killing of the same animal. That it did this under the old law is too well known to require evidence of the fact. It is quite necessary that stockmen should furnish the information called for in Mr. Garrett's first question. The need of showing that some law should be en- acted to prevent the ravages of stock des- i . oying animals is apparent. Evidence is not wanting and it is in the power of stock growers to furnish it. Though but few, if any, can tell the exact number of horses and colts, cows and calves and sheep and lambs they' have lost by the depredations of wolves etc, they all know from their persal knowedge it is great and can approximately state it. This in- formation is what the legislative assembly will want and ask flif It should be forthcoming and Mr. Garrett has taken the proper course to obtain it. Petitions should also be circulated and signed by Northern Montana stockmen praying the legislature for the proposed relief. As stock destroying animals breed in every portion of the territory and run all over it to oommit depredations any law looking to their destruction shotild be essentially territorial in its appliesti killing them should be paid by the terri- tory. This is but right. Therefore, We hold that any bill providing for counties to establish and pay bounties for destroy- ing wolves and other range pests would be unjust and should not be considered in disposing of the matter. It is one in which one -of the principal industries of the territory is Vitally affected and which should be protected by it to the extent of its power. AN EXTRA SESSION. We do not know that the democrats bays anthing to fear from an extra ses- sion of congress, and yet it is iterated and reiterated by republican newspapers and not a few demo - ratio prints that unless the present congress pass certain named bills Mr. Harrison will call an extra session of the new congress immediately after the fourth of March next. This threat is held lAy republicans as a rod over democratic members to whip th m into completing certain kb. . . in. Well, suppose they don't complete It and an extra session be held, where dces the danger to the demo- cratic party come in? There is none tb be seen by anyone. A few more demo- cratic officials may be removed in case an extra session be held, but we doubt it. Mr. Harrison has placed himself on record as in savor of civil service reform and no one c6 n say he proposes to make wholesale removals of democratic officials to make room for hungry partisan aspi- rants for their places. In fact Mr. Harri- son does not care to invite the pressure that will be brought to bear upon him to make these removals and the calling of an extra session would invite it. He will naturally wish to take time to select the men , whom he will be called upon in due time to choose from the army that will present itself to him for appointments. He prefers to _get the executive chair warm and look around about him and be- come acquainted with his surroundings before he deals in appointments, and hence unless he is fully satisfied the in- terests of the country demand it he will not call an extra session. But suppose he does Mr. Harrison will probably make no more appointments to federal offices than he would if congress did net meet again until next December. And if he did no one but the few directly interested would make any \kick\ about it. For the life of us we cannot see where the terror of an extra session comes in nor why it should be regarded as a great bugbear to frighten democrats. THE NEW ROAD. 'Under the above caption the Macleod Gazette of DeceMber 20th contains an ed- itorial concerning the construction of the Galt road from Lethbridge to Ben- ton, which we take pleasure in reproduc- ing. The article is written in and breathes that broad liberal sp ft which should ex ist in all cOmmunit a—though widely separated—having a common interest in the welfare and pros:: i ay of the whole. The Gazette says: The people of southern Alberta should congratulate themselves that the Galt road from Lethbridge to Benton is an as sated fact. Mr. E. T. Galt made all the necessary arrangements during his recent visit to England, and there is every rea son to believe that construction will be- gin as soon as practicable. There is no rooms for any jealous, sectional feeling in this matter. It must be looked upon in the broader sense of benefiting the whole district. To be sure the road will prove of more direct benefit to Lethbridge than Macleod, but we feel quite sure Macleod people are too liberal to think of this. In- directly Macleod must benefit from the building of this road, and then we are not so very far off from important railroad connections ourselves. The road to Ben- ton writ in the first place bring settlement from that country, and the highly favor- ed Macleod district will get a fair share of them. In the seoond place, it should and we trust will, give us a competitive route to the east, and thus be the means of red ucingfreight rates. Connecting, as it eventually will, with the Manitoba and Northern Pacific, we should all feel the benefits of the competition which it will afford. If these two expectations are re- alized, the road must be of immense ben- efit to the country, as well as to the com- pany who controls it. As the Gazette says the road is an as- sured fact. The preliminary survey has been made, ties are being cut and the rails contracted for. The opening of spring will doubtless be the signal for the commencement of work upon it,which will be continued until the last spike is driven in this city. It will open a great country between Lethbridge and Benton —a country rich in mineral, agricultural and grazing resources, in the develop- ment of which remunerative tribute will be paid to the great enterprise. It will stimulate the working of the extensive mineral deposits in the Sweet Grass hills which will be followed by the erection of smelting works at this city. Wheat growinrwill become a leading industry along its line and Benton flour will find consumers among our neighbors at the orth while a great market will be opened ontana for their incomparable coal. Surely the prospect is an inviting one for Lethbridge and Benton. IT was not C — h -f ristmas, but Yuletide. in Boston. 'The former is a chestnut at the Hub; th., latter is testhetic. Guard Against the Strike, And e . .ways have a bottle of Acker's En- glish Remedy in your house. You cannot tell how soon Croup may strike your little one, or a cold or cough may fasten itself upon you. One dose is a preventive and a few doses a positive cure. All Throat and Lung troubles yield to its treatment. The }Windy is guaranteed by W. J. Min- • T. High -Pressure Livin:4 characterizes these modern days. The result is a fearful increase of Ilmin and Heart Diseases — General De- bility, Insomnia, Paralysis, and In- sanity. Chloral and 'Morphia augment the evil. The medicine best adapted to do permanent good is Ayer's Sar- saparilla. It purities, enriches, and vitalizes the blood, and thus strengthens every function and faculty of the body. \ I have used Ayer's Sarsaparilla, in my family, for years. I have found it invaluable as A Cure for Nervous Debility caused by an in- active liver and a low state of the blood.\ —Henry Bacon, Xenia, Ohio. \For mimic time I have been troubled with heart disease. I never Ionnd any- thing to help me until I began using Ayer's Sarsaparilla. I have onfy used this ineibeine,six nit)Riii.S, but it has re- lieved me from my trouble, and.enabled me to resume wore.\—J. 1'. Carzanett, Perry, Ill. \ I have been a pi - a -icing physician for over half a century. and finring that time I have never round so powerful and reliable an ;literati t - e 'an(1 blood. purifier as A ver's Sarsaparilla.\ — 7)r. M. hlaxstart, Ky. Ayer's Sarsaparilla, PREPARED BY Dr. J. C. Ayer & Co., Lowell, mass, Price $1 ; six bottles, Wnrth a bottle. ijNPREt;Eit“...i A TRAGTIUri. rover i lilijois Ilistrihated. Late Lotc- , ry (Jirwp t -y. Incorporated by the Legislature in 1868 for Edu- cational and Charitable purposes, and its franchise made a part of the present state constitution in 1879 by an overwhelming popular vote. .64 Its Mammoth Draironyor take place Semi-Annualiy (June and December), and its Grand Slagle Number Drawings take place on each of the other ten months in the year, and are all drawn in public, at the Academy of Mu- sic, New Orleans, La. FAMED FOR TWENTY YEARS, For Integriry of its Drawings and Prompt Payment of Prize?, Attested as follows: We do hereby certify that we supervise the ar- rangements for all the Mon'thly and Semi -Annual Drawings of the Louisiana State Lottery Company, and in person manage and control the Drawings themselees, and that the same are conducted with honepty,fairness, and in good faith toward all par- ties, and we authorize the Company to use this cer tificate, withfac-similes of our signatures arta 'lied, in its advertisements. C3MMIsisimiers, We the undersigned Banks and Bankers will pee all Prizes drawn in the Louisiana State Lottorii, which may be presented at our counters. IL M. WALMsLEY, P Louisiana Nat'l Rank P. LANAUX. Pres. State National Real, A. BALDWIN, Pres. New Orleans Nati Rank. CARL ROHN, Pres. Union National Rank. GRAND MONTH LI' D 1 ING. In the Academy of Music, New Orleans, Tuesday, January 15, 1889. Capital Prize, $300,000. 100,000 Tickets at Twenty Dollars each. Halves, $10; Quarters, $5; Tenths, $2; Twentieths, $1. LIST OP PRIZES. 1 PRIZE OF $300,000 is •• 1 PRIZE OF 100,10) is I PRIZE OF 50,000 is 1 PRIZE OF 25,000 is.. ...... 2 PRIZES OF 10,000 are '5 PRIZES OF 5,000 are 25 PRIZES OF 1,000 are 100 PRIZES OF 500 are ........ 50,000 200 PRIZES OF 300 are 60,000 500 PRIZES OF 200 are 100,000 APPROXIMATION PRIZES. 100 Prizes of $501) are...... ....... ....... 50,000 100 Prizes of 300 are .... ............. 100 Prizes of 200 are TERMINAL PRIZES. 999 Prizes of $100 are 999 Prizes of 100 are $ 300,000 100,000 50,000 26,000 '4000 25,000 26,000 30,000 20,000 99,900 99,900 3134 Prizes amounting to $1,054,800 NOTE.—Tickets drawing capital prize are not en- titled to terminal prizes. tv — For Club Rates or any further information desired, write legibly to the undersigned, clearly stating your residence, with state, county, street and number. More rapid return mail delivery will be assured by your enclosing an envelope bearing your full address. r Send POSTAL NOTES % Express Money Orders, or New York Exchange in ordinary letter. Cur- rency by Express (at our expense) addressed to M. A. DAUPHIN, New Orleans, La. or M. A. DAUPHIN, Washlnietoa, D.C. Address Registered Letters to NEW ORLEANS NATIONAL RANK, New Orleans, La. RE MEMBER that the payment of all prizes is GUARANTEED BY FOUR NATIONAL BANKS of New Orleans, and the tickets are signed by the President of an institution whose chartered rights are recognized in the highest courts; therefore, beware of any imitations or anonymous schemes. ONE DOLLAR is the price of the smallest part or fraction of a ticket ISSUED BY Ut4 in any drawing. Anything in our name Offered for less tnan a Dollar is a swindle. T. F. MORGAN, DEALER IN General Merchandise, DUBUQUE, Fergus Co., - Montana. Special Inducements Offered to Ranch and Stockmen. GOOD HOTEL, STABLE AND BLACK- SMITH SHOP IN CONNECTION. tgrCall and examine goods and prices. WM. COURTENAY MILES CITY, I. T. 9 HIE STOCK BROKER, Real Estate and Commercial _Agency, Loan Broker and Rotary Public. First-class Ranches, Farms and Town Lots for sale Local Land Agent for the N. P. R. R Co. Agent for Orst-clase Fire. Life, and Accident Insurance companies. SW LIVE STOCK A SPECIALTY. T C. POWER & ORO, I I ;RS IN - 00 S, Staple arid Fancy Groceries, HATS, CAPS, BOOTS, SHOES and NOTIONS. Our stock in the above lines is .now full and complete, and we are offering special inducements to Stockmen and Ranchmen in the shape Of reliable goods at bottom figures. We are enabled to do this by buying largely from first Wands, at inside prices. _AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS 1Ve are sole agents for the celebrated Wood's Tiowers and Binders, and for theit machines have always on h:ieril line of extras. The Rest Hay Rake in use. Walking and Sulky Plows, Etc., Etc : COOPER WAGONS: Wool Sacks, Twine, and Cooper's Sheep Dip. —We keel + full and complete stock of— WINES, LIQUORS, BEER . AND CIGARS, Both Imported and Domestic brands. • _X to: HARNESS and SADDLERY - No-entl attention is called to our stock of Harness, Saddles, etc., which are of the bee California and other celebrated makes. We keep a full stock of every, thing in this line required by the Cowboy trade. Our Dry Goods Department! Is the largest and most complete in Northern Montana. We have recents -wcrired the services of an experienced Dress Maker from the east, -trid are now prepared to take orders for Dresses and Ladies' Garments of all kinds. Satirifaction guaranteed. C T. : Inspection invited, in all Departments : POWER & BRO. - - Fort Benton, I T. Great Falls, • _ 'Montana. MITCHELL FARM AND SPRING WAGONS McCormick Mowers and IBinders Carriages, Buggies, Road Carts l .Buckboards, Etc., HARNESS AND SADDLES, BARB MIRE, WALL TENTS, WAGON COVERS, ETC., ETC, Rail*oad Crading Supplies. Extras for Farm Machinery. BACH, CORY (8z CO. — WHOLESALE DEALERS 4T -- GROCERIES, WIDWARE,: TINWARE, Class and - 0 - rockery k/Vare, GREAT PALLS, - - MONT. All our Departments are now complete, and we solicit a cu ll from Miners, Ranchmen, Builders and Mill -owners. We invite a col' parison of prices ..and quality of goods. Respectfully, BACH, CORY & CO , JOS. SULLIVAN, FREMMT STREET, MANUFACTURER OF - :Harness and Saddlery: . 37- STOCK SADDLES A SPECIALTI. - we • Buggy and Team Haeness every description. CRAPS, BITS AND SPURS QF EVERY KIND. BEST L OF GOODS IN MONT call before waning Opium?. RT EA\TO.V. well chu cro the ed Rev selv tile a otti abl his 4 • peal wit A tion .by 4 foil app The pig the one bas the (nbo sins : aver and -‘'ba bef was aga full Aft and per tha For thr 1 tn the Th Sh and taC the Th he rat sho tria oth Th wit lie% wh . ove for ma of erS Na T. na ing geY reg on wh hit 'den ma the bur Po str otr low in g Bea he am Lo Pea CO \ has wit eau th gla of fro lila :gre day lar unt ret 'Wee eri by lab . me and Ja e rem th e fear tore rich ham