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THE RIVER PRESS tie chi000k will capture and hold the fort in Montana. THE senate committee having charge of the substitute for the Mills bill is in al- most continuous session in an effort to make it as nearly satisfactory as possible to all Interests involved as it may be from a republican standpoint This, it is said, can only be done by amending it in some eerticulars, and the purpose of the sub -committee is to decide what amend- ments shall be proposed, and to agree upon them in advance so that it may be voted upon in bulk by the 21st inst. The work will have to be gone over again as the /house will undoubtedly reject the measure. ONE C: M. Jones, of Gordon, City, Kan., having purchased of Major Benson, of N. W. T., his herd of buffalos now claims to own all that exist in America. Mr. Jones is mistaken. Vic Smith, the famous guide, hunter and old time Indian Acout, now living, we believe, near Henry's lake, Madison county, has a few himself and can show more of the untamed kind in a week's hunt than Mr. Jones has. The last buffalo, like Washington's body ser- vant, and members of Napoleon's old guard, will be -a long time in dying. There will be wild buffalo in America after the Kansas Jones shall be gathered to his fathers. THE Helena Record issued a 12 -page, 96 -column holiday number, devoted to an exhibition of Helen- its business and in- terests, with cuts of a few of the promi- nent men, public buildings and private residences of the city. It is replete with information, statistical and otherwise, showing the marvellous progress the city has made within the past year and the condition of its business at the pres- ent time. While not claiming to be a -boom\ issue, it will certainly open the eyes of many eastern business men, whose knowledge of Montana has been gained through stories about western cowboys. The number is a marvel of typographical neatness, and reflects credit upon t: :- young journal that issued it. THE resignation of Judge McConnell, of the chief justiceihip of Montana, is thus referred to by the Herald: \The announcement of the present resignation of Chief Justice McConnell will be learned with surprise. His record on the bench has undoubtedly been one of ability and integrity. Regret will be expressed that, 13,3eking retirement from judicial duties but poorly recompensed, his resignation should come at this juncture --near the close of Cleveland's term of office. * * * We understand that Judge McConnell will remain among us and go into busi- ness as soon as relieved of his juditliel du- ties. He and his family will be welcome residents. A • better paying ai. less irksome sphere of activity will lie open to the judge as a practitioner at the bar. - THE CAPITAL QUESTION. The capital question which has so long remained in a state of quiescence bids fair to rise again to disturb the peace of Helena. The Bozeman Chronicle declares the eastern metropolis is a candidate for the honor and now comes the Dillon Trib- une with a broad intimation that the people of southern Montana would be pleased to embrace the opportunity to say whether Butte or Bozeman shall have it, leaving Helena out of the question al- together. The Tribune also declares the capital was removed from Virginia City for \temporary purposes\ and that it does not belong to any particular place. There may be a shadow of truth in what the Tribune says and that the capi- tal is still a prize to be won by the strong- est lance. The time, however, is hardly ripe for the contest. The incoming legis- lative assembly should not and probably will not fritter away any time in discuss- ing removal bills. It will be more in har- mony with the eternal fitness of things to defer such discussion until Montana shall become a state when the question should be forever settled by a fair square vote of the people. In the meantime Benton will will not prefer its claims but with the complacency of a christian behind four aces it will sit back feeling fully assured that the prize will fall within its grasp. As the head of Missouri river navigation and the future great railroad center of Montana the capital will eventually come to it as a bit of steel will fly to a magnet. A CAPITAL OFEENsE. The Inter Mountain, a paper published in Butte, seems to regard any adverse comments upon the Anaconda outfit as a capital offense. It its issue of the 27th ult. it thus refers to those who have the temerity to criticise the action of that doge corporation: The customary rumors started by the same outfit of professional bears and nat ural born fabricators were in circulation yesterday in regard to the alleged inten- tion of the Anaconda company to close down on the first of January. The cheer- ful liars who periodically originate these stories would be excellent subjects for the vigilantes. We can imagine the merry and very healthy time a a party of lynchers would have in hunting and stringing up the ar- my of men in and out of Butte who has taken the name of the great Anaconda in vain. It would be a big contract - for the vigilantes\—one they would be willing to let out before they commenced it. The Inter Mountain's toadyism to corporate power has become insufferable: THE GREAT COPPER TRUST. THE RIVER PRESS Published Every Wednesday Morning by the River Press Publish- ing Company. THE Manitoba heads the list of Minne- sota railroad building for the year 1888, i 'plaeing 321 miles to its credit. FIFTEEN millions of the public debt were paid in December. Thus little by little ei the national incubus being re- moved from the shoulders of the people. Bo-le.eAs demands the capital on the grout) I of centrality and pleasant stir- round,n...rs. One of the papers there says the journals east of that place are not dealinz out taffy to Helena. but propose to let it rustle for itself as far as the capi- tal question ks concerned. _ THE Dilfon Tribune enters upon its ninth volume with the new year. The Tribune has always been a faithful advo- cate of the interests of southern Montana, and richly deserves the support.of its peo- ple. It promises to continue as it has been - - independent in everything; neu- tral in nothing.\ THE RIVER PRESS rises to remark that Mr. Harrison has not yet selected his cab- inet. He is doubtless waiting until the newspapers and politicians get through with the businesa of forming a- cabinet for him before he \chips in\ with a sug- gestion. It's greenbacks against marbles he has the last word to say about the matter. - THE resignation of Chief Justice Mc- Connell is regarded by the territorial press generally a misfortune to the peo pie. No man who has occupied the po- sition so well sncceeded in gaining the confidence of the entire people of the ter ritory. He retires from the bench with an unsullied reputation and bearing with him the esteem and respect of all. A CONFERENCE of the leading republi- cans of the territory will be held at Hel- ena during the early days of the present month, at which the official loaves and fishes will be parcelled out to the faith- ful. It is shrewdly suspeCted that what Butte and Helena don't get will not be worth having. The \territory of Helena\ and the Butte bosses will get there with both feet. AL-emu:it:to to the signal service office, a cold wave is coming. The signal was hoisted over the Chicago signal office last Monday and a drop of 15 was predicted at that Pace yesterday, and the same fall was predicted for the entire northwest. The wave has not reached Benton. At Two .or three years ago the market this writing it appears as though the gen- - price of copper at New York was a frac- tion over 9 cents a pound. This was a pretty low-down price for the metal, and on account of its cheapness it was used more largely in the arts and manufac tures. Copper mine owners didn't make quite as much money as they formerly did, or as much as they do now, but they made money, all the same. At Butte and vicinity they paid their miners $3.50 a day, which sum was well earned. Matters ran along this way until about a year ago, when a number of French capitalists as- sociated themselves together and formed a syndicate, or trust, and commenced the purchase of the metal for speculative purposes. As a result of their operations, the price of copper advanced from 9:4 cents to 10 cents; then finally jumped tb 12 cents. . The wages of the miners, how- ever, remained the same. Copper was now cornered by the syndi- cate and the market price ran up by de- grees to 17 and 171 2 cents per pound, where it remained for some time. And still no advance has been made in the wages of the miner. He doesn't get one single cent of the profit arising from the advanced price of copper. That all goes into the pockets of the syndicate and into those of the copper mine owners. To -day, according the New York World, the syn- dicate has on hand 135,000 tons of copper more than the market requires. It is loaded down with the metal, but under its contract with the great copper produc- ing companies of the country, it is corn - polled to take all they produce at a cer- tain figure, which is a remunerative one to the latter, who are putting in their best licks to produce all they can. Any man with half an eye can see where all this will lead to. The syndi- cate has millions invested in idle copper. The smelters are daily pouring out in- creased quantities of the metal—making hay while the Still shines—which the syn- dicate is forced to buy and pay for. But there is a bottom to its purse. It can't stand the strain much longer. Something must be done to relieve it. The high price to which the metal has been forced has limited its sale. Cheaper metal is taking its place in the manufactures. Help cannot be looked for in the market. So to maintain the present price some companies must quit producing, or at least lirit their production. If this be not done the syndicate will be broken,and copper fall flat upon the market. The immense reserve will be brought out, which will further depress the price and then some of the smelters will have to shut down and thousands of miners be thrown out of employment. As things are now going, the catastrophe cannot long be averted. If we were inclined we could show how the tariff on the metal made the forma- mation of a copper syndicate possible; how it stimulates the production of the metal, how it made consumers of copper pay from six to seven cents a pound more for it than they otherwise would; how the miner is not benefited one cent in the advance in its price; how the increased profits go into the pockets of home cor- porations and a foreign syndicate; how the greed of capital to make still more will finally produce such an overplus of the metal as to swamp the market and that the only real sufferers will be the hard-working miners, who will be thrown out of employment when the mines and smelters shall be shut down. But, as the election is over, we will say nothing about it. Time will teach a tariff lesson that will be comprehended before another four years roll around. BUTTE'S CURSE The smoke curse is becoming a curse indeed to the good people of Butte. Ever since the election a great cloud of black smoke has rested over the city like a pall penetrating the lungs of the good and the evil alike producing a chorus of sneezings and coughings, spittings and sputteriug., o oo• minute of the hour and every hour of the day. Stilt no steps have been taken to abate the nuisance. The Inter Mountain, a paper published in that city, suggests that a long flue be constructed with an outlet on the range two or three miles distant, through which all the smoke from the several mills and smelters of the place be conducted to a place of safety. With due deference to the opinion of the Butte oracle the RIVER PRESS ven- tures the assertion that the plan will not work. Butte is situated at an elevation of 5,800 feet above sea level. It is way up in the clouds -just high enough to cultivate an intimate acquaintance with its fleecy neighbors. The smoke and fumes of its mills and smelters mingling with and being absorbed by the clouds impart to the latter just weight and sub- stance enough to cause them to fall to the ground which in the absence of wind they do to the annoyance and discomfort of the people of the place. If the fumes and smoke were conveyed away two or three miles in the mountains they would fall back from their weight. It is well known that while Butte is enveloped in smoke the park and the mountains above are as clear as ether. The \big flue\ plan would prove a failure. It might, however, be made a big paying investment by con- tinuing it on to Gallatin valley where the fumes could be used in smoking ground squirrels out of their holes. It would he death on the \varmints.\ CHINA'S EMPEROR. It would appear the efforts of the good missionaries, who have been and are still laboring among the heathens of the Ori- ent, are directed at the wrong end of the social system of that country. They are attempting to purify a stream whose source is full of corruption. Occasionally they do some good—snatch a brand from the burning, as it were—but with every class of society, from the lowest to the highest against them, the wonder is they make any impression anywhere in the em- pire. Polygamy, the most degrading of secial vices, seems to be one of the ,cardi- nal virtues among the people, the number of wives and concubines they are permit- ted to have being limited only by their ability to maintain them. Their present emperor is a boy between 13 and 14 years of age. In this country a youth of his tender years would, like one of old, leave his coat of' manycolors in the hands of the girl who pursued him rather than yield to her caresses, but this Chinese boy isn't built that way. He, or rather his guardians, think he has ar- rived at an age when he should have two or three wives and concubines to keep him straight, and so they have dealt to him his rations of those commodities. And they have done it with a grand flourish. The matter is regarded so im- portant as to call for its publication to the world and a special notification of the event to the state department at Wash- ington. And this, according to a recent dispatch from that city, has been con- veyed as follows: The emperor having reverently succeed- ed to his exalted inheritance, and in- creasing day by day in maturity, it is be- coming that he should select a virtuous consort to assist in the administration of the palace, to control the emperor's house- hold, and to encourage the emperor him- self in upright conduct. Let, therefore, Yeti Ho No La, daughter of Deputy Lieut. General Knei Hai Aug, whom we have selected for her dignified and virtuous character, become the emperor's consort. A special edict also says: Let Ta Ta La, aged 15, daughter of Chang Hoy, for- merly vice president of the board, become the second consort of the first rank, and let Ta Ta La, aged 13, also daughter of Chang Hoy, formerly vice president of the board, become imperial concubine of the second rank. Respect this. It will be seen that the boy starts out in life, to use a western phrase, \well heeled,\ as far as wives and concubines are concerned, and that he will be abund- antly \encouraged\ in \upright conduct,\ if such auxiliaries lead to those ends. The missionaries in that country will find a ripe field for their labors in the vicinity of the imperial palace at Pekin. It is of the utmost importance that ev- ery cold be cured as quickly as possible after the first symptoms appear, and the experience of many years has shown that there is no medicine that will cure a se- vere cold in less time than Chamberlain's Cough Remedy. Sold at 50 cents per bot- tle by M. A. Flanagan. The Montana Wool Grower. A monthly journal devoted to the inter- ests of Montana wool growers. Subscrip- tion price, $'2 per annum. Best Cough Cure. For all diseases of the Throat and Lungs, no remedy is so safe, speedy, and certain as Ayer's Cherry Pectoral. An indispensable family medicine. \I find Ayer's Cherry Pectoral an invaluable remedy for colds, coughs, and other ailments of the throat and lungs.\ — M. S. Randall, 204 Broadway, Albany, N. Y. \I have used Ayer's Cherry Pectoral for bronchitis and Lung Diseases, for which I believe it to be the greatest medicine in the world.\ —James Miller, Caraway, N. C. \My wife had a distressing cough, with pains in the side and breast. We tried various medicines, but none did her any good until I got a bottle of Ayer's Cherry Pectoral which has cured her. A neighbor, Mrs. Glenn, had the measles, and the cough was relieved by the use of Ayer's Cherry Pectoral. I have no hesitation in recommending this medicine.\ — Robert Horton, Fore- man Headlight, Morrillton, Ark. \Ayer's Cherry Pectoral cured me of a severe cold whieli had settled on my lungs. My wife says the Pectoral helps her nity:e than any other medicine she ever used.\ — Enos Clark, Mt. Liberty, Kansas. Ayr's Cherry Pectoral, • PREPARED BY 1.; . :*. J. C. Ayer E: Co., Lowell, Mass. v:zigLn. Pr:ce$1: honks', $5. NPREuE E1-4 T L 0 A vTRACTION. over .1 4111i93 Distributml. Louisiana .'tat e Lottery Oompany, Incorporated by the Legislature in 1868 for Edu- cational and Charitable purposes, and its franchise made a part of the present state constitution in 1879 by an overwhelming popular vote. Its Mammoth Drawings take place Semi -Annually (June and December), and its Grand Mingle Number Drawings take place on each of the other ten months in the year, and are all drawn in public, at the Academy of Mu- sic, New Orleans, La. FAMED FOR TWENTY YEARS, Foilntegrily of its Drawings and Prompt Payment of Prizes, Attested as follows: We do hereby certify that we supervise the ar- rangements for all the Monthly and Semi -Annual Drawings of the Louisiana State Lottery Company, and in person manage and control the Drawings themselees, and that the same are conducted with honesty,fairness, and in good faith toward all par- ties, and we authorize the Company to use this cer- tificate, withfac-similes of our signatures attached, in its advertisements. f/e - r - e - c - 5 Commissioners, We the undersigned Banks and Bankers will pay all Prizes drawn in the Louisiana State Lotteries which may be presented at our counters. It. M. WALKSLEY, Pres. Louisiana Nat'l Bank. P. LANAUX. Pres. State National Bank. A. HALO WIN, Pica. New Orleane Nat'l Bank. CARL ROHN, Preo, Union National Bank. Capital Prize, $300,000. GRAND MONTHLY, DRAWING In the Academy of Music, New Orleans, Tuesday, 'January 15, 1889. 100,000 'rickets at Twenty Dollars each. Halves, $10; Quarters, $5; Tenths, $2; Twentieths, tel. LIST OP PRIZES. 1 PRIZE OF $300,000 is $ 300,000 1 PRIZE OF 100,000 is 100,000 1 PRIZE OF 60,000 is 50,000 1 PRIZE OF 25,000 is........ 25,000 2 PRIZES OF 10,000 are ..... 20,000 5 PRIZES OF 5,000 are ........ 25,000 25 PRIZES OF 1,000 are 25,000 100 PRIZES OF 500 are ....... ....... 50,000 200 PRIZES OF 300 are 130,000 500 PRIZES OF 200 are 100,000 APPROXIMATION PRIZES. 100 Prizes of $500 are. 50,000 100 Prizes of 300 are 30,000 100 Prizes of 200 are ........... 20,000 TERMINAL PRIZES. 999 Prizes of $100 are 99,900 1499 Prizes of 100 are 99,900 3134 Prizes amounting to .$1,054,800 NOTE—Tickets drawing capital prize are not en- titled to terminal prizes. VW' For Club Rates or any further information desired, write legibly to the undersigned, clearly stating your residence, with state, county, street and number. More rapid return mail delivery will be assured by your enclosing an envelope bearing your full address. Send POSTAL NOTES, Express Money Orders, or New York Exchange in ordinary letter. Cur- rency by Express (at our expense) addressed to M. A. DAUPHIN, New Orleans. La. or M. A. DAUPHIN, Waskinstan, D.C. Address Registered Letters to NEW ORLEANS NATIONAL BANK, New Orleans, La. IR It MEM B EH that the payment of all prizes is GUARANTEED BY FOUR NATIONAL BANKS of New Orleans, and the tickets are signed by the President of an institution whose chartered rights are recognized in the highest courts; therefore, beware of any imitations or anonymous schemes. ONE DOLLAR is the price of the smallest part or fraction of a ticket ItiO4UED BY IS in any drawing. Anything in our name offered for less tnan a Dollar is a swindle. T. F. MORGAN, DEALER IN General Merchandise, DUBUQUE, Fergus Co., - Montana. .4pecial Inducements Offered to Ranch and Stockmen. GOOD HOTEL, STABLE AND BLACK- SMITH SHOP IN CONNECTION. rar-Call and examine goods and prices. WM. COURTENAY, MILES CITY, I. T. HIE STOCK BROKER, Real Estate and Commercial Agency, Loan Broker and Notary Public. First-class Ranches, Farms and Town Lots for sale. Local Land Agent for the N. P. R. R Co. Agent for nrst-class Fire. Life, and Accident Insurance companies. ltir LIVE STOCK A SPECIALTY. T, C. P WEN it BeA, —DEALERS IN— nitir aA)0:3 la 5, Staple and Fancy Groceries, HATS. OAPS, BOOTS, SHOES and NOTIONS. Our stock in the above lines is now full and complete, and we are offering special inducements to Stockmen and • Ranchmen in the sliswe of reliable goods at bottom figures. We are enabled to do this by buyitif t - r largely from first hands, at inside prices. AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS We are sole agents for the celebrated Wood's Mowers and 'Binders, and for these machines have al ways on hand a full line of extras. The Beat Hay Rake in use. Walking and Sulky Plows, Etc., Etc. : COOPER WAGONS: Wool Sacks, Twine, a ooper's Sheep Dip. —We keep a full and .eomplete stock of— WINES, LIQUORS, BEER AND CIGARS, Both Imported and Domestic brands. :o: HARNESS and SADDLERY Special attention is called to our stock of Harness, Saddles, etc., which are of the best California and other celebrated makes. We keep a full stock of every thing in this line required by the Cowboy trade. Our Dry Goods Department! Is the largest.and most complete in Northern Montana. We have recently secured the services of an experienced Dress Maker from the east, and are now prepared to take orders for Dresses and Ladies' Garments of all kinds. Satisfaction guaranteed. : Inspection invited, in all Departments :- T. C. POWER BRO. - - Fort Benton, L T. Great Falls, Montana4 MITCHELL FARM ANIL SPRING WAGONS, McCormick Mowers and Binders, Carriages, Buggies, Road Carts, Buckboards, Etc., HARNESS AND SADDLES, BARB WIRE, WALL TENTS, WAGON COVERS, ETC., ETC, Railroad Grading Supplies. Extras for Farm Machinery. BACH, CORY & CO., —WHOLESALE HARDWARE, TINWARE, IN— GROCERIES,TINWARE, Class and Crockery Ware, GREAT FALLS, - • MONT.. Stir' All our Departments are now complete, and we solicit a call from Miners, Ranchmen, Builders and Mill -owners. We invite a com- parison of prices and quality of goods. Respectfully, BACH, CORY & CO. JOS. SULLIVAN, FROMT STREET, MANUFACTURER OF -:Harness and Saddlery:- a- STOCK SADDLES A SPECIALTY. Buggy and Team Harness of every description. CHAPS, BITS AND SPURS OF EVERY KIND. BEST LINE OP GOODS IN MONTANA.. Give me a call before purebasinz ekeu here. FORT REXT0.71; .11. T. •(^1 a S. it S. ti ft e. he 114 Fmi II - at in %V P1 CI* far bo. thi ho , eye