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THE RIVER PRESS. Vol. IX. Fort Benton, Montana, Wednesday, March 13, 1889. No. 20. Fort Benton Enterprises. Its Great Iron Draw Bridge ---Its Water Works and Electric Light Plant and its Wool Warehouse and Com- press. WHAT WILL BE BUILT. A 106 -Barrel Flouring Mill—Wool- Scouring Plant - -Benton & Bil- lings and Benton & Leth- bridge Railways -R. R. Bridge -- Repairing Shops, and Round Houses, Etc. While many other Montana towes have been boomed during the past two or three years for all they are worth and more too, rort Benton, conscious of the possess- ion of all those elements of strength which go to make up a great and, prosper- ous city, has kept on the even tenor of its way, gathering unto itself the fruits of those natural advantages by which it is surrounded and chrystalizing, them in the shape of permanent improvements. This has been done without flash or dash upon the part of our enterprising citizens, and to -day they can boast, if they were of the boasting kind, of the completion and suc- cessful operation of as many and as valu- able permanent improvements as any oth- er town of 1,500 souls in the entire west. As evidence of this we may refer to the ssorls accomplished during the past year. First in order stands the great iron bridge which spans the Missouri river at this place, a cut of which appears above. This is essentially a Fort Benton enterprise, conceived by Fort Benton business men and built with Fort Benton capital. The bridge, with its approaches, is 87.5 feet in length, 18 feet in width and 14 feet above low water mark. It rests upon seven piers, firmly established upon a founda- tion twelve inches below low water mark. 1 7 sech of six of the piers contains 300 tons of cement within a boiler -iron shield, while the seventh, upon which rests the draw span, contains 700 tons; aggregate weight of cement, 2,500 tons. Weight of the iron in the bridge, 170 tons. Weight of lumber used in floor, joists, fences, etc., 50 tons.. Total weight of sub and super- structure, 2,720 tons. The superstruc- ture was manufactured and put up by the Milwaukee Bridge & Iron Works Co., and is an artistic and finished piece of work. Total cost of the whole structure is $64,000, every dollar of 'hich was fur nished by Fort Benton tn. During the same ye —1888—a system of water works was este lished in the city at a cost of $75,000, aM an electric plant at a coat of $.30,000. A wool warehouse, made of Portland cement concrete with 24 -inch walls and a fire -proof roof, and a wool compress, constructed after the latest improved plan, were also built. These cost $15,000. Tabulated, the works for the past year foot up as follows. Iron bridge. $ 154,n00 Water works. 75,k)00 Electric light plant. 5(00) Wool warehouse and compress . 15,01)0 Total ............... ..... ..... This, however, is only a \starter - for what will follow. During the current year a flouring mill will be built at a cost of 4350,000, and a $30,000 wool scour- ing plant will probably be erected. The Benton se Billings railroad will doubtless be built this year, which will necessitate the construction of a bridge across the Missouri, which, with the track in the county will call for the expenditure of at least $500,000. The track of the Benton st-, Lethbridge railroad will run 100 miles in the county, which, together with round houses and machine shops to be built here, will absorb $2,300,000 more. SUMMARY. Flouring mill. • • • • • • . $ 50,000 Wool scouring plant 30,000 B. a B. Rv. and bridge . . ... ..... 5000 0 B a L. 14., machine shops, etc 2,500,000 Grand total....... $3,000,000 Yet with all these fully assured enter- prises in sight Fort Benton is quietly go- ing on its way to the head of the proces- sion of Montana cities without bluster or effort upon its part to create a boom in its favor. In fact it wants none. It is not a boom city. It prefers a steady, healthy growth which solidifies its every industry, and when it shall have arrived at the full stature of its destined greatness it will present a well rounded, perfect whole without a weak spot or blemish to mar its beauty. A Notable Death. New YORK March 8.—Capt. John Eric- son, the eminent engineer is dead; aged ee. • MONTANA TO THE FORE Mr. Russell B. Harrison Does the Clean Thing By His Montana Friends. THEY SEE THE ELEPHANT. A Pleasant Half Hour in Which They Shake Hands and Chat With the President. HELENA, March G. -The Record has the following Washington special: Montana turned itself loose in Washington to -day and stormed the White House. Over thirty people from varieus parts of the new state met by agreement at the Riggs house and proceeded to the White House, where, through the courtesy of Mr. Rus- sell B. Harrison, they were tenderod special reception by President Harrison in the East room. At 6 o'clock the presi- dent received the guests AND SHOOK HANDS with each Montanian as they were intro- duced by Russell B. Harrison, Delegate Carter, Hon. J. K. Toole, having a pleas- ant word to say to each. Subsequently Mrs. Russell Harrison, who knew many of the visitors, appeared in the main cor- ridor, where she and her husband cordial- ly greeted the Montana delegation, the LADY CHATTING PLEASANTLY for several minutes with her Helena friends. The occasion was very pleasant, and inasmuch as hundreds could not gain admission and were waiting outside, this special concession to Montana was both notable and gratifying. President Harri- son chatted a few moments with Messrs. Carter and Toole and expressed the hope that Montana would continue in her place as a state in the republican column. The reception lasted about half an hour after which all left agreeably impressed with the visit and FASCINATED WITH MRS. HARRISON. Those who called were Delegate Carter and wife, Hon. J. K. Toole, L. H. Hersh- field and wife, Miss Hershfield, N. H. Webster, R. S. Hale, J. U. Sanders, C. W. Cannon, Willie Cannon, A. B. Cook, J. B. Walker, all of Helena; Mrs. Butler and Mrs. Davis, of Butte; E. L. Bonner, of Deer Lodge; Gen. L. S. Wilson, wife and sons, Eugene and Fred, of Bozeman; E.C. Waters and wife, 0. '1'. Goddard, D. B. May, H. M. Allen, of Billings; John W. Power, T. A. CUMMINGS, OF BENTON; Joseph Scott, J. Callahan, of Miles City; Dr. D. W. Grant, of Livingston. T. A. H. Hay, of Easton, Pa., formerly of Helena, accompanied the Montanians. Several other people from the territory were also in the city, but could not be summoned in time to attend. Among those were Mrs. W. C. Child, Miss Clara Stout, Dr. Fairfield of Great Falls, and J. P. Read. WASHINGTON NOTES. Harrison Stands Pat on N011tillatiOS4 for the Territories --A Rebel Brigadier Will Remain In OtWce.--Wasianneker Buys a House. WASHINGTON, March 8. Among the president's callers to -day was Senator Stockbridge, of Michigan. The senator has a constituent at home who is anxioup to fill one of the federal offices in the ter- ritories. The senator spoke to the presi- dent about it. He was somewhat sur- prised to hear the latter reply that he proposed filling the territorial offices with residents of the territories, and that he would not consider applications for these places from any other source. Later in the day, when Senator Platt, who is chair- man of the territorial committee and a firm supporter of the doctrine of home rule, referred to the matter in conversa- tion with the president, Harrison repeated what he bad said to Senator Stockbridge, and added: \It is my intention to stand squarely upon the plank in our national platform regarding home rule for the ter- ritories. I don't consider it a mere empty phrase, but a solemn pledge which I am' bound to respect, and I shall do it.\ Gen. Sherman has made an ardent per- sonal request of the president that Gen - Joseph E. Johnstone be retained in the office of railroad commissioner, and prom- ised to ask nothing more of the adminis- tration. Johnstone surrendered to Sher- man twenty-four years ago next April. It is probable that his wish will be grati- fied, Postmaster General Wanamaker has purchased from the Frelinghuysen estate the elegant residence which has been un- til recently the home of Secy Whitney. The house and part of the furniture cost Wanamaker $80,000. A JAIL SCENE. How Godas Took the News of the Commuta- tion of His Death Sentence. HELENA, March 8.—Sheriff Jefferis was handed the papers which saved Godes' neck yesterday afternoon, with the in- structions to read the contents to Godes at 3:30 o'clock, at which time one of the condemned man's friend's was notified to be at the jail. At the time mentioned Sheriff Jefferis, Frank McConnell, clerk of the district court, and three newspaper representatives were admitted to the jail by a turnkey. Proceeding up a narrow iron stairway to the cage, the bolts were shot back and the party walked down the north corridor to Godes' cell. He was standing in the corridor, in his shirt sleeves, and shoeless, smoking a pipe. When the party approached he looked up with an inquiring gaze, but said nothing. With his manacled hands he lifted his pipe from his mouth, but.immediately re- placed it and began puffiing away vigor- ously. \George said Sheriff Jefferis, \I have something here from the governor he wished me to read you.\ \All right,\ replied George, \you can read it.\ The sheriff began and read, \Whereas George Godes was sentenced to be hanged by the neck until he is dead, March 8,— make those prisoners stop their noise.\ By the time the prisoners were quieted the sheriff had lost his place and began trying to find it, which he finally did and read through to the end,,the prisoners ap- plauding when it was finished. \Do you understand, George?\ asked the sheriff. \Yea I understand. I feel the same now as I have felt. No difference. It makes no difference to me. If God say must die, all right. If he say go to Deer Lodge, all right. I don't feel bad. I sing every night. The prisoners have heard me. I have not felt sorry except when I think if I die my old father kill himself. Then I feel sorry. Now what God says I must do I must do. I suppose I will riot wear these (his handcuffs.) Well, I will feel better. Sometimes maybe I can write and get letters, then I feel better again. Well, well, it makes no difference. It is all the same, die or Deer Lodge.\ When the sheriff and party left, Godes was standing smoking his pipe with the same stoical look upon his face. DR. MARY WALKER APPEARS. She Makes a Speed) and Is Led Out by Has Ear. WASHINGTON, March 8.. -The capitol continues to be an object of attraction to visitors, and was crowded again to -day. Both the senate and house chambers were filled all day with a moving throng. This afternoon those on the house floor wit- nessed a peculiar scene. An effeminate looking person, wearing trousers,. a Prince Albert coat and silk hat, ascended to the speaker's desk, and, removing her hat, be- gan an address in a sharp, squeaky voice. It was Dr. Mary Walker. She informed the astonished audience that the time was not far distant when the speaker of the house of representatives would be a wo- man, and instead of the speaker recogniz- ing the gentleman from Indiana, Dakota, etc., the speaker would say, the lady from Indiana, Dakota, etc. She was right in the midst o! an old-fashioned woman's rights speech when the confusion and crowd began to grow so great that she was politely led from her exalted position by a door keeper, who escorted her out of the hall, THE LEGISLATURE. - — Proceedings of the 16th Legislative Assem- bly of Montana. COUNCIL. HELENA, March 8.—The house amend- ments to the Australian election bill were rsad and concurred in except those in section 18 and 20. The retail liquor license bill was killed. Bill relating to territorial offices passed unanimously. The bill to assess insurance companies was passed. The swine bill passed. Bill relating to towns and villages, sites and plats was recommended to pass. 'The committee on education reported fevorably on the appointment of A. C. Lo gan as territoriai superintendent of pub - instruction. HOUSE. The committee on incorporations perted adversely on the bill the compensation of mayors men. Bill providing for the filling of vacan- cies in the offices of county commissioners was passed. House bill relating to pawnbrokers and junk dealers was passed by a unanimous vote. robate practice act passed unani- e3ly. Resolution relating to the relief of Jas. Sullivan was indefinitely postponed. Bill relating to exemption from jury duty referred to a select committee. Bid, relating to estates of debtor for the benefit of creditors passed. Bill to extend the boundaries of Fergus county was taken up for consideration. It was postponed until Monday at 11 o'clock. COUNCIL. HELENA, March 11.—Thompson, of Sil- ver Bow, presented a petition from 41 cite zeus of that county asking for the passage of the bill for the relief of sheriffs hold- ing office in 1$84 and 1885. The petition was filed as the bill had already been act- ed upon. The bill for the execution, levy and sale of certain animals running at large passed 8 to 2. The following bills were reported from the committees with the recommendation that they de pass: For the relief of the Shankie Stock as- sociation.; to suppress the dissemination of scab and contagious diseases among sheep and appoint a deputy veterinary surgeon; to change the boundary between Gallatin and Madison counties; for filling vacancies in the office of county commis- sioner; to add a section to ehapter 102, compiled statutes, relating to toll bridges and toll ferry boats. The mining inspector bill passed by a vote of 9 to 1, Conrad voting in the neg- ative. The following bills were voted upon and disposed of: 'l'o establish and define the eastern boundary of Deer Lodge coenty. Lost. Thompson gave notice of a motion to reconsider the vote To attach a portion of Meagher county to Cascade county. Lost. A message from the governor conveyed the infortnation that he had signed the I Shaffer and Jerome relief bill and the bill relating to the time when acts and joint resautions shall take effects He also sub- mitted a communication in regard to the historical society, and with it the biennial report of the president, and recommend- ed that measures he taken to properly sustain the society. The governor sent in the nomination of MIES Lou Guthrie as librarian of the Montana library. Referred to the com- mittee on education. The nominations of Judge Cullen and re - relating to and alder - Miss Guthrie, made some time ago, were referred to a committee which reported each without recommendation. RUMORED R. R. PROJECT. The Extension of the Manitoba to the Pacific supposed to Be Upon the Program. HELENA, March 11.—The following is a Tacoma dispatch to the San Francisco Chronicle: A sensation was created here to -day by the announcement by an even- ing paper that Major Rogers, chief of the preliminary surveying party of the Mani- toba railway, had reached Ellensburg and that it is the purpose of Jim Hill, of that road, to reach Puget Sound from Butte city, its present terminus, through Lo -lo pass, in the Bitter Root mountains, and the Nez Perce Indian reservation, of Lew- iston, Idaho; then down along the . Snake river on its north bank to Grange city, from which it makes a bee line to Ellens- burg. From this point it makes another bee line to Covilet's pass, and thence to Steilacoom, on the sound, twelve miles southwest of Tacoma. The route mentioned is almost an al- most air line from Butte to the sound,and will be several hundred miles shorter than the Northern Pacific. Major Rogers says that $9,000,000 or $10,000,000 will have to be raised in European lands and the road built through within the next two years, or the road will go into the hands of a re- ceiver. Every effort to create an interest in the road among immigrants and in- vestors has thus far been futile and the road can never amount to anything un- less it becomes transcontinental or a trunk line. JOHN WANAMAKER. How the God -Fearing Man Who Has Been Placed in Charge of the Postottlee De- partment Tackles His New Duties. Wssitteifrose March 11.—No one of the new cabinet has seen a longer procession of office -seekers than Postmaster General Wanamaker. He went to the department early this morning and spent a couple of hours in going over the building, accom- panied by Co!. Stevenson, the first assist- ant, and Chief Clerk Roy. They expressed surprised at the quickness with which he mastered the details of the business of the department, and it is probable that his experience in the management of a great business suggested te him not a few improvements. HE KEPT HIS IDEAS upon this subject, however, to himself. Mr Wanamaker said that he had not yet had time to mature any of his plans suf- ficiently to innounce them to the public. He bad been studying men and methods, he said, and when asked whether he would state in general terms the attitude he intended to take toward the many ap- plicants for position in the postal service' he replied that his policy in relation to the civil service would be in accordance with that of the president. Mr. Wane - maker will make his home at the Arling- ton for some time. It is his intention to go to Philadelphia every Friday night or Saturday. He has an ADULT BIBLE CLASS at present numbering 381, and he has promised to be with them at Bethany at 2:30 every Sunday afternoon, if possible. He does not travel on Sunday, so that in order to teach his bible class, he will be obliged to leave here on Saturday and re- turn on Monday. It is probable that he will usually go to Philadelphia on Friday afternoon in order to devote Saturday to overlooking his varied business interests. He has a nice legacy left by his, predeces- sor in the shape of 1,300 postmasters to be appointed and commissioned to as many vacant offices. Of this number, 213 were offices for which Cleveland had made ap- pointments, but which the senate FAILED TO CONFIRM. Thirty others were confirmed, but failed to file their bonds in time to receive their commission from Postmaster General Dickinson. Fifty offices will become va- cant by April 1, by the terms of postmas- ters expiring, and thirteen fourth-class of- fices will be promoted to the presidential .class owing to increased receipts. The remainder of this legacy is about 1,000 fourth-class offices, of which the incum- bents had resigned and ,First Assistant Postmaster General Stevenson had filled the vacancies by appointments; but on February 26 the postmaster general re- fused to sign any more such commissions and they failed. TIIE appointment of Mr. Jere Sullivan as collector of customs in this city is worthily bestowed. Mr. Sullivan is an old-time and respected resident of this county, a faithful and consistent worker in the republican party and eminently qualified to discharge the duties of the office. No mistake was made in the selec- tion of the gentleman -for the position. AFTER THE SPOILS. Hungry Republican Office - Seekers Want Federal Pap. WHO WILL BE GOVENOR? Delegate Carter Says the Task of Naming Governor Leslie's Successor is Not At Hand. WASHINGTON, March 9 Representa- tives of all the territories are making ac- tive efforts to have President Harrison make changes in the various offices ,in their respective territories as soon as pos- sible, and in this woik the Montana men seem to be the most active and to have the best promise of succegs. Russell B. Harrison is said to be aiding them all he can, and as for all the important offices there are two aspirants, the feeling among the Montanians is that the men he cham- pions will be successful. For governor, I. D. MeCutcheon is thought to be YOUNG HARRISON'S CHOICE, while L. H. Hershfield is backed by the Seligrnans and Delegate Carter and urged on account of his record as chairman of the territorial committee in the last cam- paign. Gen. Willson, of Bozeman, is re- garded by some as the coming man, and it is noticeable that he is endorsed by what the Montanians call the \Blaine crowd.\ Some even go so far as to say that the ap- pointment of a governor for Montana will settle the question whether the Blaineites or the Harrison contingent will control the federal patronage of the territery. The republican idea seems to be that Montana must have new officials before the legislature adjourns, and with this idea they also want a new secretary ef state. W. N. Baldwin is being urged for this place, but the feeling is that James B. Walker, nephew of Secretary Blaine, may have this gift, especially as it is Mr. Blaine's gift. One prominent Montana politician said he felt assured Walker had been promised the office by his uncle. The delegation seems to be a unit for E. D. Weed for district attorney. It is un- derstood a change in superintendent of the assay office will not be made or urged for some time, and the present melter has sufficient influence to keep him in as long as he desires to stay. For United States marshal, George Irvine is endorsed, while for surveyor general,several petitions have been filed, among them one for George 0. Eaton. H. G. McIntire, of Helena, it is almost certain will be nominated for chief jus tics on Monday. Delegate Carter said this evening: \The stStements have been made of late by persons evidently ignorant on the subject to the effect that a contest exists between Hershfield and Power for the governor- ship of our territory. I know that such a statement is absolutely erroneous. Mr. Power is not now, nor has he been, an ap- plicant for the territorial governorship. The republicans of Montana are disposed to act harmoniously in recommending a candidate for governor, and for other of- fices as well. Governor Leslie has not re signed, nor has he been suspended to my knowledgeend therefore the task of nam- ing his successor is not at hand.\ It is believed among the appointments that will be sent into the senate early in the week are those of the governors of the four territories whose admission into the union as states was provided for in the omnibus bill that passed congress the session. HELENA, March 11.—The president has sent in the following Montana nomina- tions: For United States marshal, Geo. W. Irvine, II, of Butte, vice R. S. Kelly, resigned; E. D. Weed, United States dis- trict attorney, vice R. B. Smith, resigned; and Jere Sullivan, collector of customs, vice T. A. Cummings. No more to date. — FOR NORTHERN MONTANA. Where the Colony of Agricultural Editors Will Locate. CHICAGO, March 11.—Last June the ed- itors of the leading agricultural papers in the country visited northern Montana. They were so favorably impressed that they formed a stock company with it.too,- ow capital to found a colony and build a town. The members of this company met here Saturday. The proposed town is to be located in the center of a tract 300 by 100 miles in extent, lying north of the Missouri river in the northeast corner of the territory, and is to be situated across Milk river from Fort Belknap. WITH a registration law and...the Aus- tralian system of voting the Montana bal- lot box should be, like Ciesar's wife, above reproach. All the average elector now needs to make him happy is a hand book on voting or an expert to show him through the mazes of the polling booths s