Jefferson Valley Zephyr (Whitehall, Mont.) 1894-1901, February 01, 1895, Image 1

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ge- in but , to 3yt, for Ma- on - tad y a ind xle, at an - vies w. Ing sea en- :ed, ter, re- in- on- nne ute ere • ash -- of rag in ked pit en ow Ow led ern the amn on, the rut ant ith ate -ed, the set, n a ip\ red on. t It try of all id - tad red 3 ht He in tUe me all air I to in- To - ell. iti- ler. for ing 190, re- ars m- ew Is ge. )7t sat me ng 'p- ole on. cis nd 0(1 in- ar- th- od a /Yt ho m, ice med vs fee he kse oy ed of to :ee 'Cr e n ly, re - It RS he h. he ed. 'ul ot ht en he • 19, • e EllS( )N VALLEY ZEPHYR.. THE ZEPHYR BLOWS FOR ALL. Al' S2 PER YEAR IN ADVANCE. -- WHITT:it x1,1 11 I I 1:-.0N (I)u - vry, - - - ASK FOR MORE GOLD The President Advises Congress to Issue More Bonds. THE LACK OF CONFIDENCE The method of Depleting the It If and Meet tie stopped-gliver Almost ignor.d. Washington, Jan. 28. -The president today sent congress the following mes- sage: To the Senate and House of Repre- sentatives: In my last annual message, I recommended to the serious consid- eration of congress the condition of our national finances, and in connection with the subject indorsed the plan or currency legislation which at that time seemed to furnish protection against Impending danger. This plan hag not been approved by congress. In the meantime the situation has so changed that the exaarge,ocy mei ePpears , at• threatening that I deem it my duty to ask at the hands of the legislative branch of the government such prompt and effective action as will restore con- fidence in our financial soundness, and avert business disaster and univerial distress among our people. Whateyer may be the merits of the plan outlined in my annual message as a remedy for the ills existing and as a safeguard against the depletion of the gold re- serve in the treasury. I am now con- vinced its reception by congress and our present advanced stage of financial nernle;ity necessitates additional or different legislation. With natural re- sources, unlimited variety and produc- tive strength and with a people whose activity and enterprise seek only a fair opportunity to achieve national success and greatness, our progress should not be checked by a false financial policy and heedless disregard of sound mone- tary law, nor should the timidity and fear which they encourage stand in the way of our prosperity. It is hardly dis- puted that a predicament confronts um today. Therefore, no one in any degree responsible for the making and execu- tion of our laws should fail to see -his patriotic duty In honestly and sincerely attempting to relieve the situation. Manifestly this effort will not succeed unless it is made untrammeled by prejudice of partisanship, and with a steadfast determination to resist tempt- ation to accept such party advantage. We may well remember that if we are affected by financial difficulties all -our ococie in all stations of life are con- .- • , and surely those who suffer will t ‘42411.411 - Ounxikul ,of party -1114.0e- an excuse for permiting our financial troubles to advance a die.t- , us conclusion. It is also of the toe Importance that we approach a AUDI) of the problems of the present as free as possible from the tyranny of preconceived opinions to the end that In the common danger we may see with unclouded vision a safe and reasonable protection. hoarding at borne, while nearly 11.56, 000,000 of the same were drawn out dur- ing the first 10 months of the year. A sum aggregating more than two-thirds of that amolint. being about 569,000,000, was drawn out diming the following two months, thus Indicating a marked ac- celeration of the depleting process with the lapse of time. The obligations upon which this gold has been drawn from the treasury are still outstanding and available for use, repeating the ex- hausting operations with shorter in- tervals, as our perplexities accumulate. The conditions -.are certainly superven- ing tending to make bonds which may be Issued to replenish our gold less use- ful for that purpose. The adequate gold reserve is In all circumstances ab- solutely essential to upholding our pub- lic credit, and to the maintenance of our high national character. Our gold has again reached such a stage of di- minution as to require its speedy re- inforcement. Aggravations that must Inevitably follow the present conditions and Methods will certainly lead to m15 - fortune and loss, not poly tn our nation at Credit and prosperity and to financial enterprise, but to those of our people who seek employment and means of livelihood, and to those whose qnly cap- ital is daily labor. REVENUE OF LITTLE-210TR. It will hardly do to say that a simple increase of revenue will correct our troubles. The ,appreitetuttpa-now. eA - !sting and constantly increasing as to our financial ability does not rest upon calculations of revenues. The time has passed when the eyes of investors abroad and our people at home are fixed upon the revenues of this govern- ment. Changed conditions have at- tracted their attention to the gold of the government. There need be no fear that we cannot pay our current ex- penses with such money as we hat. There is now in the treasury a comfor- table surplus, more than $63,000,000, but it is not In gold, and therefor does not meet our difficulty. I cannot see that differences of opin- ion concerning the extent to which sil- ver ought to be coined or used in our currency should Interfere with the coun- sels of those whose duty it is to - rectify the evils now apparentln our financial situation. They have to consider the question of national credit and the con- sequences tbat will follow from its col -. lapse, whatever ideas may be advanced and insisted on as to silver or, bimetal- lism. The proper solution of the ques- tion now pressing upon us only requires 'recognItioe of gold as well as silver and a concession of Its importance, right- fully or wrongfully acquired, as a basis of material credit, and the necessity for an honorable discharge of our obliga- tions, payable In gold, and the badge of solvency. I do not understand that the real friends of silver desire a condi- tion that might follow the inaction or neglect to appreciate the meaning of, the present exigency, if it should result In the entire banishment of gold from our financial and currency arrange- / OUR OBLIGATIONS. LACK OF CONFI9ENCE. The real trouble which confronts us consists in the lack of confidence, wide- spread and constantly increasing, in the continuing ability or disposition of the government to pay its obligations In gold. This lack of confidence grows to some extent out of the palpable and apparent embarrassments attending the government under the existing laws to procure gold and to a greater ex- tent out of the imposelbility either of keeping it In the treasury or cancelling obligations by its expenditure after it In obtained. The only way left open to the government for procuring gold Is by the issue and gale of bonds. The only bonds that can be issued were authorized nearly 25 years ago and are not well calculated to' meet our present needs. Among other disadvan- tages they are made payable In coin, Instead of specifically in gold, which under existing conditions detracts large- ly and in increasing ratio from their de- sirability as investments. It is by no means certain that bonds of this de- scription will be much longer dinpotted of at a price creditable to the financial factor of our government. The most dangerous and irritating feature of the alteration. however, remains to he men- tioned. It is found In the means by which the treasury is despoiled of gold thus obtained without cancelling a sin - gle government obligation and solely for the benefit of those who find profit in shipping It abroad, or whole team induce them to hoard it at home. We have outstanding about 6000.000.000 in currency notes of the goverment, for which . gold may be demanded: and curiously enough, the law requires that when presented and in fact redeemed and paid In gold they be reissued.1Thum the same notes may do duty many tinter, drawing gold from the treasury, nor can the process be arrested as long an private parties who. for profit or otherwise, Lee any advantage in repeat- ing the operation. More than three hundred million dollars of these notes have already been redeemed In gold. and notwithstanding such redemption they are all still outstanding. Since the 17th of January, 11104, our bonded Interest -bearing debt has been inn -wised $100.00 0 ,000 for the purpose of obtaining gold to replenish our gold reaerve. Two Issues were made, amounting to $50,- 000.000 each, one. in January, the other In November. As' a result of the first Mews there was realised moritethIng more than $18.000,000 In gold. Between that issue and the succeeding one in November. comprising a period of about 10 months, nearly $103,000,000 in gold were drawn from the fraanury This made a second lasue.neceepary and up- on that more than $11.000,000 in gold was again realised. Between the date of this second issue and the present time, covering a period of only about two months, more than stailoo,aeo in gold were expended without lany can- oellation of government obligation, or In any permanent way benefitting our people or improving nor pecuniary situ- ation STARTLING CONDITIONS. The financial events of the past year ‘ o e i rest facts and renditions which ..1 flinty arc.-'' •• nt ion. More eon in drevrn vir • r qh1 451 •, Besides treasury notes, which certain- ty' should be paid in gold, amounting nearly to $600,000,000, there will fall due In 1904 $100,000,000 issued during the last year for which we have received gold. and in 1207 nearly 1600,000,000 4 -per cent. bonds issued in 187'7. Shall the payment of these obligations in gold be repu- diated? IT they are to be paid in such mammy as the preservation of our na- tional honor and solvency demands, we should not destroy, or - even iinperti, our ability to supply ourselves with gold for that purpose. While I am not unfriend- ly to silver, and while I desire to see it recognized to such an extent as consist- ent with financial safety and preserva- tion of the national honor and credit, I am not willing to see gold entirely ban- ished from our currency and finances. To avert such to..... c -nces l- believe thorough and radical remedial legisia- tiOn should be promptly passed. I there- fore beg congress to give the subject Immediate attention. CLEVELAND'S SCHEME. In my optntonr, the secretary of the treasury should be authorized to issue bonds of the government for the pur- pose of procuring and maintaining a sufficient gold reserve, and for the re- demption and cancellation of United' States legal tender notes and treasury notes issued for the purchase of silver. under the law of July 14th, 1890. , We 'Mould be relieved from the humiliat- ing process of issuing bonds to procure gold to be Immediately and repeatedly drawn on these obligations for purposes not related to the benefit of our govern- ment or our people The principal and Interest of these bonds should be paya- ble on their face In gold, because there at -amid now probably be a difficulty of favorably disposing of bonds not con- taining trite tottriffittlum - teuffileirtleme - the bonds be issued in denominations of *20 and $60 and their multiplen. and that they bear interest at the rate of not to exceed 3 per cent, per annum. I do not see why they should not be payable for 40 years from their date. We of the present generation have large amounts to pay if we meet our obligations. and long bonds are most saleable. The secretary 'of the treasury might well be permitted at his discretion to re- ceive Ot1 the sale of bonds, legal tender and trensury notee, to be retired, and, of course, when they are thus retired or redeemed in gold, they 'Mould be can- celed. These bonds, under existing lawn. could be deposited by national banks as security for circulation, and such banks should he allowed tb Ensue circulation up to the face value of these or any other bonds so deposited, except bonds outstanding -bearing only 2 per cent. Interest and which sell in the mar- ket at less than per. National banks should not be allowed to take out cir- culating notes of a less denomination than $10, and when such as now are out- standing reach the treasury, except for redemption and retirement, they should be canceled, and notes of denominations, of $10 and upwards be issued in their stead. Silver certificates of denomina- tions of $10 and upwards should be re- placed by certificates of denominations under $10. IMPORT HUTH& IN GOLD. As a eentetant entails for the manna -- mince of a reasonable supply of gold in the treasury our dutlee on Imports should be paid In gold,allowing all other dues of the goverhment,to be paid in any form of money. believe all the provisions I have sug- gested should be embodied in our laws if we are to enjoy a complete reinstate- co-nt of sound financial conditions. MONTANA, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1/395. 1 * NI 11 E 11 10. net occd tett interfere with any cur- rency scheme providing for the increase of the circulating medium through the agency of national or state banks, since they can easily be adjusted to such a scheme. Objectinn is being made to the issuance of interest -bearing obligations for the purpose of retiring non -interest - bearing notes. In point of fact, how- ever, these notes have burdened us with a large load of interest in that it is still accumulating aggregate interest on the original issue of bonds. The proceeds, which In gold constituted a reserve for the payment of these notes, amounted to $70,320,250 on January 1, 1895, and the annual charge for interest on these bonds and those hailed for the same purpose during last year will be $9,145,- 000, dating from Januaty 1, 1895, while the cancellation of these notes would not relieve us from obligations already incurred on their account. These Sacte are given in the way of, suggestion that their existence has not been free from interest charges, and that the longer theydiellw - oustanding; judging from the experience of last year, more expensive they will become. In conclusion, I desire frankly to con- fess my reluctance to Issuing more bonds under the present circumstances and with no better results than have lately followed that course. I can not, however, refrain from adding to the as- surance of my anxiety to co-operate WRIT ltierrerent 'eattgreee . tiritic , onable measure of relief the expression of my determination to leave nothing undone which furnishes hope for im- proving the situation- er -ekeeking the simpleton of our disinclination or dis- ability to meet with strictest honor ev- ery national obligation. -. GROVER CLEVELAND. Executive Mansion, Jan. 28, 1895. . HOME INDUSTRY IN MONTANA. More Favorable Rateenlemanded of the Railroads by the Farmers. Ttelena Independent. In hie t to the governor, Commissioner Mills of the bureau of agriculture, labor and indus- tries rightly characterizes as suicidal the policy of our merchants add con- sumers of importing Into the state every year vast quantities of farm products which should have been purchased from our own farmers. Millions of dollars are annually sent out of the state never -to come back. All of this money should be kept in circulation at home. This exportation of Montana money is an, acknowledged evil and the remedy Is not difficult to find. Within the last year we have seen a wonderful increase In the consumption of Montana flour and poultry. The dairy industry, too, has made considerable advencement, and there is promise in the near future of the -establishment of more creamer- ies. Our farmers themselves are partly to blame. Until recently there has not been any organization among them: they have not kept thentinnees informed as bithe best Methods of marketing their produce or as to the best markets. But there are signs on all sides of an agricultural awakening in Montana, and when the farmers in the several counties unite and secure more favor- able rates from the railroads they will be masters of the situation. There is no reason why the people of this state should not be fed entirely by Montana farmers. We believe the farmers will TO Hale pgrt toward - this - ffeelrett 'con- summation with a little proper encour- agement on the part of consumers in our towns and cities. TOUR OF THE GRAND ARMY CHIEF commander Lawler Will Visit All tie. panment Encampments. - Rockford, ill.. Jan. 28.-Commander- in-Ciller Lawler of the Grand „Army of tiete'Republic today started u0on a tour of the United States and It Is not ex- pected that he will return- to the head- quarters in this cif) , mini the latter part of April. The commander -in - &lief is accompanied by the members of hia staff and the party intend to visit every department encampment held in - this country this year, spine - thing never before attempted by a commander. The first encampment will take place at Brattleboro. Vt., next Wednesday and from there the party will visit the following cities in the older named: Newport, L. I., Providence, R. I.. Nashua, N. H., Middleton, Del., Tren- ton, N J , Waterville, Me., Springlield, Mass., New Turk City. Bridgeport, Conn Baltimore, Md., Washington, D. C Lawrence, Has., St. Paul, Minn.. Mt. Clemens, Mich., Muncie. Ind., New Orleans. La., Montgomery, Ala., Ataan- ta, Ga., Athens, Tenn., Richmond, Va., Hopkinsville, Ky., Macon, Mo., and worry. Tex. During their airy - In - the places named the commander and other members of the party w1,11 , wait upon the school officials and members of the echo.] hoards and urge the adoption of a system of military drill In their respective schools MEXICO WANTS NO ARBITRATION tinatemale Must Come to Time Or Pre• • pare for War. iVashington. Jan. B. -The United States has exhausted all proper means of preventing a hostile collision be- tween Mexico and Guatemala and the two countries must settle their dispute without further restraint exercised by the United States. Secretary GreshamM telegram to the Mexican government expressing the hope of the president that the matter might be settled by reference tfi some friendly nation, has met a flattering reply, but in substance it says that the difference with Gua- temala is one that, owing to the atti- tude of that country, will not admit of arbitration. The Inference Is that Clue- tentala must either .DrOnnitly submit to Mexico's terms of R surrender of her claims to the lands in dispute on the boundary, or fight. In this state of the cage nothing can be done by our gov- ernment Si present to avert a flash. OREGON SHORT' LINE HEARING. Application fdr s Sepsrete Receiver to S. Argued In March. Portland. or.. Jan. 28.-Th. Motel** of the application for a separate receiver for the Oregon Short Line and Utah Northern will be continued from Sanitary 00 untll Stareh. and the date to he proposed by the attorneys in the nom 0. March 6. No order for the continuance has yet been m ade by Judge Gilbert. but it is known th a t he is toping +het the hatierligabeelli go over, as be will reeve February 1 for San Francisco to sit In the court of tip - peals. JUMPED THE TRACK SUBSTITUTE FOR REILLY'S BILL. TerriErle Wreck on the Vandalia Railroad. WENT OVER AN EMBANKMENT Two rateemigere itottiottly killed and From Twenty to Forty sertuusly Injured. Indianapolis. Jan. 28.-A terrible wreck causing loss of life occurred at Coatesville this afternoon when the Vedette train due in this city at 2:35 p. m. was wredeted • ly the spreading of rails. Two persons were killed almost Instantly and from 30 to 40 were serious- ly injured. The train jueiped the track and.two of the rear cars went down the embankment 10 feet. A man died soon after he was taken from the wreck. In the pocket were found lettereindicat- ing that his name was John Norton, ananager of the Grand °pent house at Nt. -- LOUM. ' mer. - Pr.`g. - Tavern - Or \ea r- thane, Mo., was carried from the car and died soon after. The injured are: Margaret Roberta, Indiana_polle; _E.. „ 0. Witting, IiinalUp; Mrs. E. 0. Witting, Boston; S.' Nugeon, Vigo, Tex., probably fatally hurt; Dr. Talbot, Indianapolis; Mrs. N. W. Ferguson, Terre Haute; Mrs. D.Hudson, Greencastle, Ind.; Gertrude Paris, 4 years old, Palestine, III.; W. S. Towers, Carthage, Mo.; Lulu Sheet, Indianapo- lis; J. J. Lea, Mansfield, Ohio; John W. Cravens, Greencastle, Ind.; Mrs. Zell* Wallace, Indianapolis. HILL_ SCORED THE SILVER MEN. Relieve They Should Ito Satisfied With lisle a Loaf. New York, Jan, 27. -Senator Hill spoke last night at a dinner given by :the Democratic Club. He said no fac- tional difference should retard immedi- ate legislation for maintenance of the credit and honor of the government. -To arbitrarily refuse, such action now, because some silver legislation does not accompany - It is the height of political folly, equalled only by opposition to the repeal of the Sherman bill or the foist- ing of the populist income tax upon the country. It is difficult to discover why the friends of bimetallic coinage should object to the elimination of greenback paper currency which it Is now so gen- erally conceded *should 'be cancelled. Yet most advocates or silver in con- gress, with characteristic unwisdond seek to regard II as their duty to antag- onize every suggesUon in aid of mone- tary reform unleiMtipled with the full and Instant relief which they Reek. OFFERED MONEY TO FIX THE JURY. Serious Charge Against 111, Jutor in -the MacDonald Trial. San Francisco, Jan. 28.-A sensation was sprung in the trial of R. H. McDonald. Jr.. who Is being tried for perjury in eonner- tion with the failure of the Pacific bank. Nine jurors had been secured today when Detective Cody stepped forward atul placed under arrest a man named Burley and charged him with attempted jury - bribing. Judge Murphy abruptly adjourn- ed court and commenced an Investigation of the matter. Chauncey M. Johnson, an ex -policeman whose name had been drawn into the jury panel, made an affidavit that Hurley hid offered him from -$500 to $10,000 if he would fix the fury so that Mc- Donald would be acquitted. Hurley was arrested and charged with contempt of court and attempted bribery. Him ball was Iliad at SOM. Me Harley is the Same man who it IS alleged bribed the jury that ac- quitted M. B. Curtiss of the murder of Pollee Officer ()rant. Hurley was arrested at the time, but the ease never came up against him. • • FRENCH MINISTRY STARTS WELL. Won the First Test of Strength by an Overwhelming Majorit). Palls, Jan. 28. -President Faure'a mes- sage waa read In the chamber today. The chamber passed the amnesty bill by a vote of 511 to 7. M. Goblet's order of the day asking the government for a precise dee- 'oration regarding its general policy, which was the test of strength of the Mot government, was defeated by a rote of 322 to 79. . The newspapers today are leas hostile In their utterances regarding the; Ribot ministry. M Goblet. however, Intends to ask the government for precise declare - Mono. regarding the general policy, and an- nnuneee a eeteeselon of his followers from MI Biborn supporters on the ground that they were not coneulted during the min istetial crisis, After • discutuilon of Gob- let', nueettem it WRP announced that. mo- tion would be introduced that the govern' ment ask the chamber So devote itsett en- tirely to the budget. RESERVE WAS NEVER LOWER. Nearly Four Million In Gold Was the last 151thdrawat Washington, Jan 20. -The total of withdrawals of gold today was 000, of which $3.690,000 was from the sub -treasury at New York and 11285,000 from Holton, leaving the gold reserve at the clone of business $51.773,173. or 1416,327 lower than aver before! The amount of withdrawaht last week were $16,230,273, ef which $7,822,040 Wag ex- ported DEBS CONSPIRACY TRIAL. -- Jurors Sworn lit end the Opening Argu- ments MEd.. Chicago, Jan ZS -Twelve jurors In the Debs conspiracy trial were sworn today Thomas sMilchriet. special mistime' for the government. In his opening speech, elaimed the government would prove a commirary among offleera of the A. It. II. Fere thiertefettee. I sterovir reinvented' Wetter* had been eny conspiracy it watt by the General Managers' Association. \the only body of men in the worM that t ympathIspa with Hr. Pullman.\ BLOODHOUNDS ARE TO TRACK THEM --- Murderer. of Haney Booth Win Inc Re- lentlessly Pursued. Salt Lake, Jen M. -A epeciel to the Tribune from Evanelon, Wyoming, says Sheriff Ward ham telegraphed to Deer Lodge. feminine, for bloceihounde to track the murderers of Harvey Booth, who was found dead in his barn last night. Tho citizens offer a reward of $6.000 for the ap- prehension of the murderer. Fifteen sum peels are now in jail. New Westminster has made a saving of over $6.000 a year by cutting munici- pal salaries. noatner Wants a Government Commis - eloper Put in Cheats Temporaril,, Washineton, Jan. 28.-A substitute for the Reilly Pacific railroad bill has been introduced in the house by Repre- sentative Boatner of Louisiana, the member of the committee on Pacific railroads who made the minority re- port against the Reilly bill. The bill provides for a Pacific railroad commis- sion to take charge of government - aided roads, when they default In pay- ment of debts and to control them as representatives of the government un- til a comprehensive plan can be adopt-. ed by congress for settling the relations of the company with the government. The commission is to consist of three members, who will receive Wanes of 310.90 and to be given powers of man- agement usually exeecised by railroad directors. 'A canvass of the members known to, oppose the Reilly bill is being made to Induce them if possible to unite unon this scheme, which is In thr na- ture of 'a enmprornise between the Reilly bill and the various foreclosure and government control and ownership bills. Representative Caminettl of Cali- fornia, who has a bill to place the Pa- cific roads under military control, saes he is willing to atecerethis plan if it can command the sepport of a fair eon - (inherit of the house. IN - ANli ABOUT THE CAPITAL. Hartman's. Resolution Reported I , asor• ably -Dividends on !moth ent Banks. Washington, Jan. 28 . . --The house com- mittee on public lands 'toady voted to favorably report the resolution intro- duced by Representative Caminetti to stop issuing patents to land-grant rail- roads - until congress has taken action for the classification of the lands into mineral and non -mineral. This is In line with the resolution recently intro- duced by :ItAr. 'Hartman of Montana, which, however, applied only to the gra. tetrismnr - nr ffi 1t. ?nem r - acillr railroad. The comptroller of the currency hag declared dividends in favor of the °red- itors of Mgt - intent national banks as fol. lows: Five per cent, on the Stock -Grow - ere' National bank of Miles City, Mont.; 1.7 per cent, on the Spokane National bank o Spokane, Wash, Attortis General Olney has given an; opinion to khe secretary of war holding' that army and navy officers come- with - In the scope of the Income tax law. The senate today confirmed the notn- Ination of George Steele as Indian agent at Blackfoot agency III Montana. 'MEN OF MEANS ARE N3TIFIED. income Tax Lan Is Abo- ut to lie Put In operation. Washington, Jan. 28. -Commissioner Miller of the internal revenue bureau has prepared a notice, copies of which will be voted in all cltkes.and towns. jhroughout the country, notifying those who come within the provisions of the Income tax law of their duty in the premises. The law makes an appropri- ation of $245.000 for carrying the act in- to effect and provides for the appoint- ment of 300 additkonal deputy revenue collectors and 10 additional revenue agents. The deputies will Im appointed by.the district collectors, and the agents by Commissioner Miller, who will at once begin the allotment of deputy col - teeters and the apportionment of the appropriation. CASES TO TEST THE LAW. The supreme court of the United States has granted a motion to advance the income tax. cases on the docket, and set the arguments for the first Monday in March. The cases are those of Charles Pollock vs. the Farmers Loan & Truitt Co. and Louis H. Hyde vs. the Continental Trust Co. dr New York. and the question raised is the constitutionality of the income tax law, RELIEF FOR BALFOUR'S VICTIMS Loudon Philanthropists limbic to Grant the Help Necessary. London, Jan. $8. -The committee of prominent philanthropists appointed to raise a fund for the relief of the poor widows and orphans who were left des- titute by the fraudulent transactions of Jebel' Balfour of the Liberator Building Society and who is now awaiting extra- dition in Brazil has announced that the subscriptions now amount to $225,000, or about 824,000 less that one-half the amount absolutely neefleil for the work'. The committee feels that the results are the more discouraging as new cases of ruin and destitution continue to come, In, Since January 115 new cases, nearly all of them aged people In the most dis- tressing circumstances.have been called to the attention 4 the committee. It was hoped enough money could be rafted to IprOVIde Small annuities for those between 70 and 80 years of age. but this plan has been necessarily aban- doned and the utmost that can now be, done is to provide • -little casual help from time to time. T.STIFIE0 IN THE DEBI& TRIAL. _ An A. R. T. Member Tells of Ills thief's epeeches and Their Purport. Chicago, Jan. 28. -The first witness put on the eland by the government in the DOM trial was Wallace Rice, a member of the lora! union, A. It. U., at Pullman Ills testimony was a review of the pro - \endings of tbe A. R. U. from the conven- tion of June 16 last up to the etijrnination of the strike. He referred to several speeches by,, Debt., the tend•ney being to enecetrage men to etrike The cross -ex• 'monition of Hire was enntinued in the afternoon The government has subponn- ned nv•r Pin wilt, THE STRIKE _IS ABOUT CVER. Two Thirds of the CarsRunning-A lirooklyn. Ian. Ii' -The !inflation in cont. partitively miseeful today. The number of cars reported running in 074. The usual humber is 1,000. The Seventh and Seventy- first regiments and First battery have been relieved from duty and returned to New Tont, Michael Madigan. one of 200 melt who At- te...kid a cat this afternoon on the Nos - trend avenue and liouleverd line, wee shot in the abdomen by a policeman, and will probably rile Rix others have been erreeted DISASTROUS FIRE AT ELMORE, 0. Business Portion Destroyed -Women Perish in the Flames. Elmore, Ohio. Jan 21. 7 -1rtre which was camped by a gasoline exploolon in the kitchen of the Ammerman hotel this evening destroyed the principal part Of . of- • 411.1•11•1111MIIM.•••••••• the business portion of the town and caused the death of two people. Two A BUILDING WRECKED girls employed In the hotel, Maggie Flynn and Mary O'Malley were hemmed in by the flames and forced to jump from a second -story window. Miss O'Malley was fatally burned and Boiler Explosion Demolishes a ean not live until morning. Miss Flynn was seriously burned and it is believed will die. Besides the American hotel the fol- lowing other structures were destroyed: Elmore house, Johnston & Co.'s hard- ware store, Praia Smith's clothing store, William P. Vandorn's grocery store, Isaac Mandelbaunes dry goods store. JacOtt Kaiser's meat market. the postoffice, five dwellings and a bat - her shop. It in impossible tonight to learn the losses and insurance. ARMENIANS STILL PERSECUTED. Turkish Papers, . Suppress All Nene Front the Interior. London, Jan. 27.-A dispatch to the Speaker from Constantinople says the work e( Pereecuting Armenians In Ar- menia and Ana -Minor Is proceeding as vigorously -as before, adding: \The Turk - nth newspapers are evidently under or- ders to keep down the excitement, anrj it In extremely difficult to get information from the interior. If the present crisis is prolonged, it is probable that there will I e trouble In Maeetionia In the spring, and if they are serious, Bulgaria, Greece anti Herein will inevitably be involved, and the awonum.wia ralaud La Its CoMMISSION A'I' \Volpe. Conittantinople, Jan. 27. -The eunitille .sion appointed to inquire Into the Armen Ian outrages ham had a preliminery sitting at Monett - . The porta milli refuses to per- mit neweital r correspondents to travel In Armenia. CERTAIIr1NDIANS MADE A FUSS, Work of hen Puree f1flTtnj Agents Was Nearly Undone, Lewiston, Idaho, Jan. 17 --What is known tot the Kenied Indians have or- ganized 200 strong to defeat tho final work of *petting the. Nes Pere* reervation to sttletnent. At one time last week It wits '-Pea. ..d that rest danger entineel e amt the agent consulted with well-known citizens about the propriety of calling for military protection:I The dissatisfaction is the result of the work of the nett stock growers among the Indiana, who have mini every means to lefeat the will of the majority of the tribe roan the time the - Move In faior of allottnent began. Them , wealthy In- dians are shrewd schemer., and their work has been met by the agents of the government only by the strictest vigil- ance. Moro than once have they eeme near undoing all, the work of the vont- miseloners who secured the treaty and that of the allotting avant. The last report is that the agent, with his Indian pollee anti with the aid of the majority which IP friendly to the severalty movement, has quieted the threstened disturbanee, which had taken the form af • bundosing scheme to keep the Indians front conferring with Speelel Agent John Lune In „his win* of registration. XPECT TO GUT _A BIG SWATH. .5 ?whew to ite.olutIonise Pessenaa; Traffhi Between the Coasts. Chicago, III., Pan. '14 -Some Chteagn gentlemen who have a scheme in hand, In the line of railway enterprise, which, If carried out, will revolutionise passen- ger travel between the eastern and western commit. Regarding the bill in- troduced In the house of representa- tives at Washington yesterday to in- corporate the National Central Rail- way company, Mr.' J. C. Reynolds. one of the originators of the project, was eiten at his home today. He said re- garding The proposed reaer - The en' terprIse Is to be hacked by English capital. Mr. Bailin, who is an active member of the company, has been to England several times and has pledges from English capitalists, who will fur- nish the money when this bill is painted The road will shorten the distance be- tween New York and Chicago at least 2141 miles rand about_the lams to Ban Francisco.\ - • -. CALIFORNIA STORMS CONTINUE. Drifting on the sierra Nevada. Slides is the Casmides. Ran Francisco, Jan. 23. -lit the moun- tains! snow I. still falling. At Reno, Nev., it hen been drifting badly today. Trains are delayed 18 bows, and the sant-bound passenger train Is Muck in drifts between Gold Run and Summit. /letween Mason and Itunsmuir, Cal.. inoweildes block the track, and Sunday's southbound passen- ger train is uiiI in drifts where it has been impritioned for 80 hours. The indica. done are that the blorkatle in the moun- tains will continue for days longer. Ten feet of snow has fallen during the past VI tow.. Workmen digging out the track today narrowly escaped death by an aval- anche, 1,500 feet long, averaging 110 feel d eep, composed of snow, debris and ble pine trees, which slid down the mountain side. RAILROAD TO KERN COUNTY. Spreckels Brothein Nave Ninhserlhed A1700,MIO of the et:omen° Renwtred. San Francesco, Jan. 16. -The firm of Spreckels Brother* has subscribed $700e 000 to the valley road, which will be In- corporated under the name of the Ban Francisco and San Joaquin Railway. and will extend from a point on the bat of San Francisco to Kern county. The work will be commenced when $L500.000 shall have been subscribed. The Spreckels brothers are J. D. and A. D Spreckels, sons of Claus Spreckels, the sugar king. 0. R. & N. WAGES WILL BE CUT Application of the Employ.. for an In junction ills neon Denied. Portland, Or., Jan. SC -United States District Judge BeIttnger has rendered • decision in the Oregon Railway & Navigation Company wage schedule case denying theapplicatIon of the em- ployee for an injunction restraining Receiver McNeill from putting into ef- fect the reduced schedule orwegee. other and imilehter Shot. Jan. 24. -William Mo- Orate, Heed 31, of 1.222 Routh Thirty- sixth street, went into his cellar this morning and called his children -Sam- uel, aged 6, and Lillian, aged 1. With • revolver he shot the girl through the head, killing her instantly. McGrath then sent a bullet through his brain. esyriteremee pieeppeerenee. Newport. Idaho. Jen te The settlers of the Pow& '440relit• valley are excited over the mysterious dleappeitranee of G. A Marriott. one of the owners of the Katy- did mine He started doitrn the river sev- eral days ago in a *men heat And has not been since gent His boat was found floating bottom lip Frederic- Febvre, one of the most tInitinshed of the old-time French aetetes who retired shout two year -us-\' t -,•-t, a , his prime. will Noon Melt ' He was on the French stag- , Big Brewery. CONCUSSION WAS TERRIFIC Ms Men Are Dead iti the Haim and Six Other. Are Seriously Wouuded- Litt of the Dead. Mendota, Iii., Jan. 25. -At 3 o'clock this afternoon the main buildings of Henning's brewery were wrecked by a boiler expkielon. The concussion was so great that every building in the city was badly shaken. The building destroyed was five stories in height and filled with machinery. The force of the explosion completely demolished it, killing six men and badly wounding Mx others. The killed are: S. Seifert, foreman. David Wells, fireman. Twine (leer. engineer. Lemuel De Sham, Ice man. Henry Pert, laboreet John Kennedy, a well digger of Lie Ku lb. The Injured are: James Love Of Chi - - 'ago, arm broken and head badly out - . George Parker, head cut; F. M. Carpen- ter, badly hurt; William Long, badly hurt; Henry Varner, badly hurt. A blinding storm startediate tonight, preventing further - hearch for the bottles. It is thought other victims will be found in the debris. The loan of iirditeety amount* to over $100,000. -0141N441- AGAIN REPULSED-- 41*mm Thousand neaten by a Small Force of Japanese. Yokohama, Jan. 25. -An official dis- patch says General Nodus attacked lial Chen January 17, and adds, \There were 8,000 Chinese troops under General 'hang on our right and 6.000 under tieneral Twi on our left wing. We found 21 Chinese dead after the battle. int-hiding two officers. The natives pay the Chinese lost over 100 meu.\ An official dispatch from the head- quarters of the Japanese army an- nounces that the Japanese captured -Yuen Chang Shen January 20. The dill - patch also announces further fighting around Nal Ching. January 22 1,000 Chinese again attacked the Japanese position but were repulsed about ttclock in the afternoon with loss of 100. On the Japanese side 28 men were wounded. Official notice hits been received that the Milese peace env opi are corning on the steamship Empress of China. They will proceed to Hiroshima by train from Kobe. ADVICES FROM SHANGHAI. Shanghai, Jan. 26. -It Is stated here on good authority that the Chinese peace envoys will not be received unless they have full powers to propose final terms of peace. S everal Japanese warships have gone south to intercept steamers expected to arrive shortly off the coast Of China arms, ammunition and other ar- ticles Magnified a• contrabands of war. WHO WILL SUCCEED CLEVELAND? Clendenati Paper Prints I no Plume of :osfltrefereeees of Republicans eh : Manned. Jan. 27. -The Commercial- Galkette today prints two pages of preferences for the next republican nomination for president from repre- sentative republicans all over the coun- try. In the summary It says: \Ohio is for McKinley and Indiana for ex -Presi- dent Harrison. The republicans of New York are holding off, hoping in the end to dictate the nominee or drive the best bargain they cien with the man they see is bound to win. West Virginia is for the hest man. whoever ha may be. Governor McKinley seems to be the choice of the republicans of Kentucky. At the national capital the preponderance of xentiment appears to be for Reed. In WashIngton interviews. It was sought to obtain expressions from the senators or representatives from every state in the Union Mc- Kinley seems to be second choice, wiffSt Harrison, Allison and others have quite e respectable following' MASQUERAOISO AS A HORRID MAN. • Supposed Male Pristine, at sett Jose Tarns Out to Be a %% omen. \ S an JOWL Cal-. Jan. 27. - A sensation was 'rested in the county jail last evening when the discovery was made that the primmer booked as Milton W Matson was a woman. &he was arrest- ed at LOP Gatos on • charge of bum- Inx bogus cheeks. For nearly two years she conducted a hotel at Ben Lomond and owed many debts there. The discovery was made through a remittance from Eng- lewood to I,. Matson to the Bank of Hellish North America, while Matson was In jail 'here, the remittances having been paid to a bosom man on her •ndorsement. The woman says she has masqueraded as a man for le years, but has committed no mime. ERYSIPELAS IN c re-rcpt.:Cr% Symptoms of the • - roped st Minneapolis, Jan , Dr. Hewitt, secretary of health, was ted to . once of erysipelas In P. He made poet mortem • t number of the eases an Gone of the di Samples of the nestles , t• the department , er'. • , , ton, and the I. , v o n en - iet - lag\' ' • ''' P rect. Althouet. the first ease in t tc., • , • r till k SPAIN PUTS MORE OUT ON WHEOT POreign troduct le to Pay Fifty cents Per ti,...tolitor. Madrid. Jan , A • ,.1,,Pf I as. held today h n. In - comae the r COPIA per I rallWaY freight • t'‘‘ the Interh , r A • ablnyt thi, averted. itebtleal Roo In neigiom Ian. 21 'rh , - teeent , tent • •tveen catle , ii•e an. .• • Inl , h Pb. • ItHmh• of API - 111W ,, 'i'pol r.a to.las In a violent scene h Ps. realanatIon of prom, I dent and the suspension of the sitting

Jefferson Valley Zephyr (Whitehall, Mont.), 01 Feb. 1895, located at <>, image provided by MONTANA NEWSPAPERS, Montana Historical Society, Helena, Montana.