Jefferson Valley Zephyr (Whitehall, Mont.) 1894-1901, February 01, 1895, Image 4

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it MUST RUN THE CARS Justice Gaynor Rules Against the Corporations. DECISIVE BLOW FOR JUSTICE tiaty. Sistine tiara Were Rue oaring the Retire Day mad Several Ware Attacks d. Brooklyn, Jan. 24. -Justice Gaynor, of the supreme court handed down a decision today on the application of Joseph Loade, for a mandamus to com- pel the Brooklyn Heights railroad to operate its cars in sufficient numbers to accommodate the public. The justice in his decision says: \It is my duty to declare the law on .this case. This railroad corporation is not in the position of a mere private Individual co -company carrying on bus- iness for private gain, which may sus- pend business temporarily or perman- ently at pleasure. On the contrary it has a dual relation. It public relation to the people and a private vote to its stockholders. It must not be forgotten that it is a public corporation having duties to perform to the public which transcend any obligation which in its private aspect it owes to its stockhold- - nalimt-geral tad atantliities tar:groat value from the state and has had con- ferred ukiç . it the stales transcendent uhviarar_enathititagthaffiL: Tit \b'Itir11-- ,-- it took upon itself the performance of public duties and functions, in the per- formance of which it 18 in law and fact not an independent individual or en- tirety, but an accountable agent of -time state. The duty of the company now be- fore the court, Is to carry passengers through certain streets of Brooklyn _ and t0 furnish, man and operate- cars enough to fully accommodate the public. It may not lawfully cease to perform that duty for even an hour. \The directors of a private business company may,, actuated by private greed, or motives of private gain, stop ,business and refuse to employ labor at all unless labor come down to their conditions, however distressing; lot such are the existing legal, industrial and social, conditions. But the dine - tors of a railroad corporation may not do the like. They are accountable o the public first and to the stockholders second. They have duties to the public . to ,pereorm and must perform them. If they cannot get labor to perform such duties at what pay limey offer. then they must pay more, and as much as is necessary to get it. Likewise, if con- ditions in respect to hours or otherwise which' they impose repel labor they must adopt more lenient or Just condi- Mona, as they may not stop their cars for one hour, much less one week or one year. -thereby to beat or coerce the price or conditions of labor down to the price or conditions that they offer. For them to do so would be defiance of the law and of the government, which, be- coming general, would inevitably by forte of example lead to general dis- quiet. to the disintegration of social or- der and even the downfall of the gov- ernment itself. \I shall quote from a case decided up- \ -- ntrawappeat to the Supreme eoUrt - 111 . this state in 1883. after mature deliber- ation, and which is an authority which I am bound to follow and which I scarcely_ _need. to say the corporation now before this court, is bound to ac- quiesce in and which I doubt not it will immediately acquiesce In for example's sake, if for no other reason. That case arose out of the failure of the New York Central and Hudson River Railroad Company to receive and forward freight as a common carrier.\ The circummance_atAbalalrike wsa reviewed and the court said: \The court In that case allowedA a writ of mandamus to compel the corporation to dolts corporate duty. That.- prl . vate citizen has sufficient standing to make this 'application which could un-: questionably be made by the attorney general of the state, has heretofon been dePided by -this court and I must accept It as a law. And it being ad- mitted that the company is not full) operating Its line of road, I feel it my duty to allow the writ prayed for, either in Its peremptory or ajternatt form, unleits sufficient answer has been made in law. As I have said. th. learned judge who heard the previous application decided to ridge a 'Menthe , of fact and only refuse the writ In ordet \ to give the company more time with the admonition that it should not 'onset delay. The claim of violence amounting to prevention is not legally made out. Instances of violence, generally b- others than former employes of the company. is shown, but it is also shown that not only the police force of tip eity, hut over 6,000 1.01diers are pre. serving order, and'I cannot believe that this company is not protected in its rights, nor do I think that any quentio of fact I. fatsily raised on that he .1 Besides, the persistence of the com- pany To NOME TO TIM It\ art except as It may gradually get employes to ac- ooPt fl 01 1 en terms. Is in itself unlaw- ful. as I have shown, and must neces- sarily. by its bad example, tend to public disquiet. If not to some disorder. In rWspect to the question of the hours and wages of this company and employee. it.' duty was to have gone on with it full complement of, employee, having the right gradually and from day to day to eupercede its employes, if it can. by new employes who will work on its terms, or to nupercede them all at once. when it had obtained a sufficient num- ber of new employee for that purpose, but In Buch a controversy It has not the right to stop its cars while it is thus gradually getting other num • - \It moat net be forgotten that thin (torpor/Mon Is entrusted with the run- - :Ong of these roads art st--itemiltest sit - people of the state It therefore remains for me to determine the form of writ, whether It shall be peremptory or at ternate. in one aspect of the case t her.. seem. tO be •n Issue of tact presented anti if such all_litaus. ita -Orowon40411 - 4$t raw Anee not permit me to decide and allow a peremptory writ but requires tio te allow an alternative writ. which hap tto- effect Of reserving a side Issue of tact to he tried by a jury or by a court if P. , upon.\ The .el for each side will be heat 1 .1 .sy rt as to Which form of w rut shell hove& ay% t U it 01.14 $14rilt. Pollee and •••01illet os Resented the Iee of Brick. an.1 Ntotleg. Brook I V11. Jan 24. --Matters were stemparatIvely quiet on the Third and -into avenue today. The wit -es n feisty not, ..nd Seventy-first illst at mid..1sht and as a come , - ' the slat -lit lights In the depot I went out. The wires were nt,t repaire.' until 10 o'clock, when traffic was re sumed and at midday 16 cars were run- ning, as against 20 yesterday. At 11 o'clock the police oti duty at Twenty-fifth street and Third avenue had a lively time putting an tend to a riot, which had broken out there. About 70 persons collected at this point and jeered the soldiers who were under arms. A stone was hurled by one of the crowd, striking a policeman. This was followed by several others and then the police and militia charged. The mob rushed along the avenue and side streets. Many received bayonet thrusts from the militiamen, while the clubs of the police were used with tell- ing effect on the rioters. The police ar- rested John Tighe, Charles Burke and Stephen Gannon. When conveying them to the station, a crowd attacked them and endeavored to rescue{ the prisoners. After a; desperate conflict, the stone throwers were locked up. A most serious attempt to stop cars was, made at Sixty-third and Third avenue, where a plot to burn out the dynamos was nearly successful. The linemen on all the Atlantic cars %truck. This act and a lack of passengers pre- vented them from running the cars. At Thirteenth street and Fifth avenue two women hailed the Fifth avenue DEFENDED HIS CHIEF! Senator George Frowns Upon the Hawaiian Republic. PROCEEDINGS IN CONGRESS Doe of Washinsten ti•i• in m Pre- viouss for a Military Fess en eget Seasd. Washington, Jan. 24. -There was such a meagre attendance at the opening of the senate today that Senator Hoar called attention to the absence of a quorum and a roll call was necessary. Among the bills introduced was one by Senator Chandler. republican, to pre- vent the tapping of telegraph wires used by news associations. This Is to prevent stealing of news and was made car. When it stopped they boarded it, Agcessary by recent developments in drew Mewls from under their shawls Chicago, when various other associa- and ordered the conductor and motor- tions, by means of wire tapping, were man to stop. The men leaped from making use of the Associated Press Mon. the car and left the invaders in posses - news. Senator Mitchell of Oregon sought to The new employ4s go outside of the secure the passage of a resolution call- militia lines at their petit. One who disguised himself as an old soldier was ins on the treasury department for de - spotted , by the strike:, and badly tailed information as to sugar bounty beaten. Lidalms, but objection was made and joseph P. Patton and John Chapien the resolutio4 went over. applied through Baldwin S. Strauss to.4,.t Senator Allen of Nebraska presented Justioe Gaynor of the supreme Otytfft netters. Havahanvesolution as followe for a writ of habeas corpus looking to Resolved, that it is the sense -of the gen- the release of the 26 motormen and con- ate that the revolutionary government - 1,3 - -rii -- 3thi - iitib u o_ - _al1utrtntr become - elitiebitelted ag thei0V- a trolley cur station. The writ was I -.4-nbient of granted, returnable at 3 in the after- a wise and enlightened foreign policy eteni. Patton and Chapien say they requires that steps should be taken and others were brought to Brooklyn by this government without unneces- under false pretenses, having been sary delay to annex those islands given to understand by the railroad company that they were to work on suburban They got here Wednes- day oveniag and since that time have been confined in the depot Last night Patton and Chaplen eat -aped from the depot and reported to the strikers' went over until tothorrow. headquarters. The Hawaiian resolution of Senator Fifty non-union men left Flushing Lodge was then taken up and•Senator avenue stables this morning to open George addressed the senate In support the Crosetown line. The cars . were -of the administration policy. He made guarded by four policemen\ and the a careful, logical argument to show that Eighth battalion. The first car which thefts was no popular suffrage and no left tlw stables was held up at Frank- real republican form of government i n lin street and Greenpoint avenue by the Hawaii. Senator George presented a strikers. All the windows were broken, table showing the number of days Unit- . freely 4 ed --- eitatrs - warwhipt had - net - been - it anti the car -was taken through the lionolulirduring the last 20 years. It mob. A motorman WAS hit by a brick showed that - the United States had been :trui flying glass. No one else was in- there very little during the last 20. Jured. At A o'clock a Court street car was stoned at Hamilton and Court streets. The 4 . 11,IVV(Ii was dispersed by the police. About 2 o'cloek this teorning the See- •ntrenth precinct police had a lively tight with wire cutting strikers RI Broadway and Sumpter streets and captured two. One was so badly clubbed that he was taken to the sta• tion in an ambulance. Thomas Kearney, the roofer shot on the housetop by militiamen from the street yesterday, is dead. iiA4• Isstitit A WHIT. --- Brooklyti Car commodes ordered m Judge'fisynor to Como to Tim.. Brooklyn, Jan. 26. -Judge Gaynbr has issued an alternative writ In the appli- entfliti of 312repti Llianfr Tot a Manda- mus to compel the Brooklyn Heights Railroad Company to run care on its Inert for the accommodation of the A•itveling public. The alternative writ elves the railroali company the option .0 run' its cars according to the de- mands of complainant or show cause for not doing PO. This allows defend- tnts 20 days to file an answer. Violence and disorder continued to - hay. With 1.500 policemen, 1,000 spe- lats. 2,000 or more Plnkertons and 7,000 ;tate troops on du‘y, the mob continued ,heir terrorizing whrk. Many mobs are kly tn_en who have n real interest I he strike except sympathy w „trikere At 9 o'clock today not a sin - :le Green Point or Myrtle Avenue car 'lad been run through. The cross town 'art are also laid up. The police raided Odd Fellows' hall. the. headquarters -of the strikers, dur- 'ng the night. Four hundred men scat- tered in all directions. At a meeting of the strikers a committee of seven wee eppoInfed to secure ti lawyer and tithe ,the matter of raids upon their head- ivarterl; into court. NON-UNION MAN HANGED. Long Island City. Jan. 26. -Strikers at Maspeth last night waylaid a nen-uhlon , nan. gagged him, carried him to a va- •ant barn, put a rope around his neck. Ind suspended him from a beam. He NHS rescued before he had been stran- fled to death. Ills recovery is doubtful Ills name was not learned. THE D:BS CONSPIRACY CASES. the United States, as a part thereof and that In the meantime the personal and property rights of American citi- ,Zelia in suoh islands should be protected by the presence of sufficient naval force in Hawaiian waters. The resolution A. Is I . leaders tolie Tried on th; omnibus Indictment. Chicago, Jan. 24. -The trial of th•• Debs conspiracy cases, which was to have been begun at 10 o'clock todae, was postponed until 2 o'clock, the pros- pective jurymen being dismissed until that hour. Debit and hie seven asmoci, t , brought from Woodstock Jail' ind take the United States court- 'atm. where hey were formally re- leased on bail. Liebe said he and other A. R. 1'. officials felt that they had leen performing their duty and did fibt regret their Imprisonment In the least. When the court convened at 2 , o'eloek lefendants with a large number of wit- nesses and verdremen were present and the conspiracy trial was begun. The trial today is on the indictment found isalnet railroad strikers lain summer by the grand jury and which la known as the omnibus indictment. MAFIA IS BECOMING BOLD R. years. In the course of Senator George's speech Senator Aldrich sought to make a suggestion. Senator George declared with asperity that he wanted no sug- gestions. Senator Aldrich persisted, wbereupon Senator George appealed to the chair. \I ask that the senator be directed to take his seat,\ he said warmly. There was a general laugh in which Senator Aldrich joined, as he desisted from furtlfar persisting in his question. At the conclbaion of Senator George's speech, consideration of the Nicaraguan canal bill was resumed and Senator White spoke in advocacy of the project. He met in detail the arguments against It. He spoke of the great benefits the anal would confer on the Pacific coast. allying that section closely with - At- [antic ports. During a lull In the debate, Senator Jarvis of North Carolina, presented the credentials_ of his colleague. Senator Pritchard, who had been chosen by the North Carolina legialature for the unexpired term of Old tate Senator Vance. Senator Jarvis escorted..4be new senator tq the presiding officer's chair, where the oath of office was administered. At the conclusion of Senator White's speech. Senator hill's gave notice that C would adieni the Saiitte tomorrow m the Hawaiian question. The bill for the transfer of a portion if the exhibit of the department of state at the world's fair to the Colum- bia museum of Chicago was passed. After a short executive session the senate adjourned. Italian Thug.. of New Orleans Torget the bate of Their Bretaren, New Orleans. Jan. 27. -The Italian maths. has 0111tIn begun operating In this -1ty. The murder of Tony Chisel of Chicago In the Italian quarter Wednese lay was followed yesterday by a letter nritfla-nrinrellf tire - wealttitiort Italians in the city, demanding $2,000 In pain of atipuoisinatiqn. phetat was murdered in wipe out a debt which he held against two, members of the asao- aation. The murderers fled to Tfiteso-. efe-mtiete from - tin 'city, Slid en far eluded capture. ' HORTICULTURISTS OF IDAHO. tits. t soepoy Formed and Officers Elected for the- Year. Kits,, Jan 25 -The full growers met here last night and organised the Idaho State Horticultural leselety. J. J. Toole f Payette was elected president; Rob- ert Ittiektellee of Isewlswan, vice prude dent: Robert Milliken, secretary; I. P. Mai -colitis of BOIS*, treasurer. The state was divided into three districts with a trustee tot each The report that the schooner Ella John- son has been lost at mete with all hands as the result of a dynamite explosion. Is Washington, Jan. 24. -During the call said to be a fake by Seattle shipping men, of committees for reports Mr. • Harris013 IN TEE ROTHE Washington, ian, 24. -The house spent most of the day discussing the sundry civil appropriation bill amend- ments. Arisona and Wyoming were in- cluded in the list of states where in- creased rates should be allowed for sur- veys and resurvey' of heavily timbered lands. The amount to Re expended for examination of public surveys in order to test the accuracy of the work was Increased from $36,000 to $40.000. An amendment offered by Mr. Terry of Arkansas to increase the appropria- tion for the construction and engage- ment of military posts of $200,000 to 1300.000 precipitated • brief debate on the new policy of the war department In concentrating troops. The amend- 'nent was lost. An amendment offered by Mr. Doolit- tle of Washington to authorise the sec- retary of war to estblish &military post at some point on RUglit mound was agreed to: It provides for a commis - don of army officers to examine and de- termine what point is beet adapted for such post. A long discussion followed In connec- tion with an appropriation of $516,000 for the Mississippi commission. An amendment was agreed to providing an expenditure not exceeding $160.000 of the appropriation of 47$11,433 for Im- Arovements from the mouth of the Ohio rives to the mouth dr the Missouri riv- er, for using movable jetties and cais- sons in removing bare and providing lower water channels. Mr. Ray of New York offered the fol- lowing proviso to the appropriation for clerks of United State@ courts; \And it shall be unlawful for any clerk of any court of the -Halted Stales So include In his emolument account and fees not actually earned and due- at the time such account_or retur_n_ 111 reqUired by_ raw to be made, and no fees not act- ually earned shall be allowed In any tech account.\ Mr. Ray stated private- ly that his amendment, which was agreed to. was designed to !yak. such mat iceneas. had- hass-ellasksesde.lis Wm- RTeka inveatigation. Impossible In the future An amendment Was agreed to appro- priating. 130,000 for printing the report of the secretary of agriculture, $44,000 for printing 75,000 'ropiest of the report on diseases of the bona and $25,000 for printing a complete set of union and confederate ratoords for each Donator and represeniative. This completed the reading of amendments, except those paragraph' passill oiler. The commit- tee roan and at 4:40 p. the holm. ad- journed. RETIRE (1411.1) ceitTIFICATEN. asedry Civil Sill Passed In the HAIM Costello That Preview of Alabama ifilide a majority report 01, the memorial of the Central Labor ion of Cleveland, which asks for the im- peachment of Judge Ricks, denying the. request Mr. Bailey of Texas obtained leave to Me a minority report later. Chairman Sayres of the appropriation committee and Chairman Wilson of the ways and means committee had ar- ranged to divide today, giving the first half to the completion of the sundry civil bill and the rest of the day CO Mr. Wilson's bill for the repeal of the clause of the tariff act imposing an additional one -tenth of 1 cent per pound on sugars from bounty -paying countries, and the house, on Mr. Mures' motion, went into committee of the whole and resumed consideration of the sundry civil bill. Mr. Quiffs offered an amendment to the paragraph providing for the pay of bailiffs, criers, etc., of the United States courts, so as to provide \that all persons employed under section 716 of the revised statutes shall be deemed in actual attendance when they attend on order of the court,\ and prohibiting pay to tbem during vacation of . the court. Tile amendment was tweed to. Mr. Settle 'moved to strike from the paragraph providing for punishment for violations of the internal revenue law the appropriation of $60,000 for the detection of violators. Mr. Settle con- tended that this appropriation was not necessary for the enforcement of the Internal revenue laws, but harassed the citizens of North Carolina and other states. Mr. Swanson offered an amendment providing that no portion of the appro- priation should be paid to any one ex- cept duly authorized officers of the gov- ernment. Both amendments were lost. Mr. Sayre\ of Texas offered an amendment providing that no portion 44.1.h.k.auhaavi9irepilp ..fax. printing of United States notes shall be used for printing notes in larger denominations than those requireitor meek& _ _kr crso , \hs off as a substitute an amendment provid- ing for the retirement and cancellatidn of gold certificates. Mr. Bland favored sUija- He thought it should be supple- nted by another which would give the secretary of the treasury authority. when there was a sufficient amount of silver coined in the treasury to justify It. to Issue eriVer certificates agalnit the gold deposited In the treasury. This was done, he said, under Sherman's ad- ministration of the treasury, with the result that gold accumulated to the amount of $80,000,000. After some further debate in favor of Mr. Coombs' amendment, a vote was taken on Mr. Sayres' amendment to give the secre- tary discretion to fettle such denomina- tions of greenbacks as he saw lit. Lost, to 87. Mr. Coombs' amendment to re- tire and cancel gold certificates was -agreed' -tes without -dteielorr. amendment, offered by Mr. Coombs, making gold certificates non -receivable for mistime dues after July 1, 1896, and after. that date non-carriable as the lawful reserve of any national bank. was also agreed to without division. Amendments appropriating $40,000 for a lightship and for a signal to be stationed off the Straits of Fuca. Washington, near Flattery reef, were adopted. This corapleted the consider - ation of the bill. The committee amendments were agreed to and the bill was passed. The house then took a recess Until 5 o'clock, the night session to be for the consid , eration,of pension bills. TEIE CORRUPT PRACTICE ACT. NOTtlerOUS Amendments to the Measure In the Montana House. In the consideration by _the Montana house of the corrupt practice act numer- oiii . amenflinents were made. Cahill - dates for the legislature are allowed to pay $80 each, and candidates for county offices $100 each, to political committees to further their intereats In election. No candidate is to be allowed to give money to more than one committee. The terms of penalty for violation of this act or any section of it were changed to not less than $loe or more than $1,000, and Imprisonment of not less than six months nor more than one_yeae._ General Benefaction is expressed at ehes-eatits-with whiele-tiste the house. Considerable oPposition is expected in the senate, arising from the following cause: The code, alt it came from the commission, prohibited gam- bling and for this chapter the house committee SUbstituted the present law on the subject. The position taken by certain senator& la that there are many things in the code needing amendment and that it has a bad appearance for them to make the only exception to the new code in favor of the gambling ele- ment. The senate has passed the house bill appropriating $60,000 to pay the employ- es of the legislature and the. Measure has been signed by the governor. The Judiciary committee has favorably re- ported the feente bill creating tele Eleventh judicial district. TWA/ stioCKS AT HELENA, POPE LEO'S LETTER Deadly Pest of Divorce Is Refered to in Forcible Terms. THE WORKING CLASSES 8,e:deters Rated by Agitators' Condenioeu as Dangerous to Gov•rionent sod Religion. Washington, Jan. 28. -Monsignor &A- toll' today made public the long -expect- ed encyclical from the pope. The most Important features relate to the Ameri- can delegate, and his relations to the hierarchy, in this country and also de- fining the pope's attitude concerning societies of workingmen. The letter be - DETAILS OF THE LATEST BATTLE. Japanese Waited Curti Chinese Were ciore In and Then Charged. Yokohama, Jan. 26.-4d1soktch from General Nodezu giver ihe details of the fighting between the Japanese and Chinese troops at Hal Chung. He says the Japanese walled until theyinese were within 60 yards of their salon and then a large portion - of the Fifth battalion of Infantry, supported by three butteries of artillery, charged the Chinese left. The enemy was taken by surprise and. fled in confusion toward the northeast and New Chang. Chinete prisoners state that the Chinese attack was conducted by Generals Chang Chu and Hui Tang, The Chinese numbered 30,000. Official dispatches from Yueng Chang Ken state that the second batch of Japanese transports comPleted the landing of troops at noon January 22. These dispathches add that during the afternoon of January 21 heavy firing was heard in the direction of Wei -Hal - Wei and the Japanese outposts in the evening reported that the flashing of electric lights could be seen In the same direction. gins as follows: CHINESE WARSHIPS IN HARBOR. \To Our Venerable Brethren t Archbishops and Bishops of the Unit3 11111111 froshima. Jan. 26.-A dispatch re- ceived at Japanese heBaquarters from States of North America, from Leo XII., Pope: Venerable brethren, health and Admiral Ato announces that Chinese waships are still lying in the harbor of the apostolic benediction. We traverse Wei -Hai -Wei. He adds that the Chi - in spirit and to thought the wide ex- nese forts and torpedo boats opened panse of ocean, and although we have lire on the Japanese fleet January 21, at other times addressed you in writing, but without effect. Ttia firing men - chiefly when we directed encyclical let- Boned in this dispatch from Yuen tem to bishops of the Catholic world, yet Chang Ken was undoubtedly the in - have we now' resolved to addrbss you effective cannonade announced by Ad - separately, trusting that we shall be, Antral Ato and the electric lights which Clod willing, of some assistance to the the Japanese outposts saw In the direc-1 Csitiboltst mums amongst you. To this Lion of Wei -Hal -Wei must ha've been we apply ourselves with the utmost zeal those the Chinese warships and forts and care, because we highly esteem and turned on the Japanese fleet. Were More Noticeable on the Upper Floors of the Larger Buildings. Helena Is still wondering over the two distinct shocks of earthquake that were felt in that city and vicinity early Saturday morning. One of these took place at about 1 o'clock In the morning. and the other at 10 minutes past C. The first shock is said by those who felt it to have-rbean-- gets -alight-se slight, in fact, that the latter and more distinct one was necessary to convince them that It wia a seismic disturbance that had puzzled them a few hours he - fate. The later shock, however, was quite distinct. At the Seventh ward home house the shock threw \pen the big doors and broke a pane of glass in one of the windows. John Baker, who lives in the vicinity, says he also felt it distinctly. It shook the entire house. Mr. Baker says the shock was sufficient to ;warty rbli him out of bed. In every large apartment building and hotel in the city the vibrations were distinctly felt. In one hotel it dis- lodged a vase from a shelf and in all of them articles of furniture were moved slightly. The shock was more noticeable on the upper floors of the larger buildings._ hut it was felt, al- though to a inner degree, on ground floors The vibrations of the greater shock seemed to extend ft -rim went in past. The poeition of articles moved by the shock Indicated. this. The quake was very distinct at Tew n - send and other points east. REVOLUTION IN COLOMBIA. A I cited state. Warship Will ite bent Forthulth so These Waters • Washington, Jan. 21. -The first official news of • reeolutionary outbreak In Co- t/meats has rearbed f7te navy department In a telegram from Captain Cromwell, of 'hat • revolution his brokekn out at. Pliant. He says he has the Atlanta._ Si Buena Ventiink on the Pacific coast of Colombia. nocertary Herbert, who had Intended to send a warriblp to Motto wat- ers, thereupon .-ommunicsted ley telegreph with the commandant of the Mare Island navy yard to lease hew long it will take to put the Pennington in Shape for sea. If much time le required either the Alert or Ranger. now as the way to San Diego! will be ordered to Coltenbia. On or the - aWity and the eitibTliffinient of pious societies, parochial Schools and mutual aid associations are particilarly commended. But while it is true that the chereh has progressed under the re- public. yet it would be erroneous to draw the conclusion that in America is to be sought the most desirable status if the church, or that It would be uni- versally lawful or expedient for state and church to be, as in America, die - severed and divorced. The pope then sets forth the efforts he his made to leave nothing undone to preserve and solidly establish the cath- olic religion in America. To that end city for the 1896 convention will be tint special objects have received atten- blocked by Detroit, se was the_case at Mg; second, the perfecting of methods the memorable contest in Washington last February, when Atlanta, regarded lion -first, the advancement of learn - In the management of church affairs. , from the first as a dark horse, walked The pope Liao refers to the beneficial re- away with the plum. On that occasion suits accruing from the third plenary the Detroit delegation Watt expected to e council at Baltimore. throw Its vote to 'Cincinnati, but at th The encycliCal than-raters . 40 the in, last moment it flopped to the side of At - The Tanta, and thrliatter city wee chosen llssolubillty or Marriage and the dead pest of diyorce. The evils of divorce are by an almost unanimous vote. But the forcibly stated and the pope declarer' Ohio women are determined that If they are defeated at the forthcoming gather - that divorce is as hostile to state as to g t wilt b family. As regards civil affairs, it is I K n en i tuckyand only several fa af te otherstates bitter ta tes fight. ha h y t e . urged that justice be cultivated and the already pledged themselves to support laws of the gospel inculcated, without Cincinnati, and It is hoped that the aid which liberty itself may be pernicious. of President Susan B. Anthony can be The value of temperance, the frequent secured, although It is an open secret use of sacraments and the observance that the venerable advocate of womten'e of just laws and institution& of the re- rights is in favor of retailing` the con- iso conjoined. vention to Washington. Of W the CIRKIN Catho a lic ig s entering ri terin P gt a he socie- ties of workingmen, the encyclical says: \Now with regard to entering societies, extreme care should be taken not to be ensnared by error. And we wIsh to be understood as referring in a special manner to the worktng classes, who as- suredly have the right to unite tin asso- ciations for the promotion of their in- terests, • right acknowledged by the church, and unopposed by Mature. Any society which is ruled by persons who are not steadfast for right and friendly to religion Is capable of being extremely prejudicial to the interests as well of individuals as of the community. Bene- tidal it can not be. Let this conclusion, I therefore, remain firm -to shun not only those associations which have been openly condemned by the judgment of the church, but also those who, In the opinion of inttelligent men, especially of bishops, are regarded as suspicious and dangerous. Nay, rather, unless forced by necessity to do otherwise. Cathdlics ought to prefer to associate with Cath- olics, a course which will be very condu- cive to the safeguarding of their faith. As presidents of societies, thus formed among ourselves. It would be wen to ap- point either priests or upright laymen of weight and character, jp‘Mael 4vv_ Whoae counsel they should endeavor to peacefully adopt and carry Into effect iroffil irnoasufa as may reeni most ad- vantageous to their intents, keeping In view the laws laid down by the Unit- ed States. \The scenes of violation and riot which you witnessed last year in your country were sufficient to admonish you that America, too, le threatened with the audacity and ferocity of the enemies of public order. The state of the times, therefore, bids Catholics to labor for the tfanquillity of the commonwealth, and, for this purpose, to obey the laws, abhor violence and selt no more than equity or justice permits.\ • G TTYseuRG BATTLEFI LO SUIT, Tokio, Jan. 26., -General' Madan -re- ports that 8,000 Chinese troops, com- manded by Generals Sung and Chang, • are In -the vicinity of Yang Kow Hsu and have occupied New Chang. He al- so reports that the Chinese yesterday renewed their attack upon Hai Cheng and were repulsed after a short engage- ment. CINCINNATI WOMEN WANT IT. Will Fight to,Secure the Next Meeting ol the Woman Suffrage Afsociation. Cincinnati, Jan. 27. -The Ohio delega- tion to the twenty-seventh annual con- vention of the National American Wo- man's Suffrage Association goes to At- lanta this week primed for a fight to capture the next annual convention of the organization for Cincinnati. The ee ty -the--youaR , 'Agar - ANOTILEM. tiTmërtcaitnatiin. in whircliwe pia] n - 1 y discern latent forces for the advance- ment alike of civilization and Christian- ity.\ The encyclical refers to the Interest felt by the pope in the recent American celebration of the discovery of America. The pope refer.' to the fact that the first bishop set by apostolic authority over the American church began his labors when the great `Washington was at the helm 771' the young republic. The well- known, familiar intercourse between these two Men seem to have been an evidence that the United States ought to be conjoined in concord and amity with the Catholic church. The giant strides by which the repub- lic is progressing Is set forth and satis- faction is expreased that Catholic's= keeps pace with pi - ogress. The exten e _ 40004 member „, hvere _ be . n eit , ftetng _ fm _. quent conferences for several weeks, and plans have been perfected by which they hope to secure the co-operatiop.of other states. The Ohio suffragists con- tend that it was owing almost wholly to the efforts of the Cincinnati delegates that the organization decided to hold migratory conventions instead- of con- fining all of Its meetings to the city of Washington, as has been the custom in the.past. It is feared, however, that the efforts. of the Ohio State Suffrage Association - to secure a harmonious vote of all the western delegates on the ohoice of this (tusk Sam Attempt. to stop an I nfeerl• lag Electric Railway fieeeinett. Philadelphia. Penn., Jan 28. -The pro- ceedings instituted by the government against the Gettysburg Electric Rail- way Company for the condemnation I ,f a strip of land belonging to the cont. parry, which Is wanted by t110 foiffn: ment to preserve the Gettysburg bat- tlefield, are being heard in the United Stater circuit court. The company is required to show cause why • jury should not be appointed to assess the damages for the land in queetIon. A CABLE \TrRAWAI IS ASSURED Preffilinent r silfotnlan Responeihle for the st•tetnent. San Francisco, Jeri. 26. -Ht gh Craig, manager of the New Zealand Insurance Company, says the cable betwetp Van- couver, B. C., and, New Zealand, via Honolulu, will certainly be held. He meek that fie has offers from would. be bidders, who will also lay a cable between Honolulu and Monterey, If an American condession can be se- , ... AN AMENDED FINANCIAL PLAN. The Aministration Begins to See That Silver Will Not Down, Washington, Jan. 24.-Detalls of the amended financial plan. which Messrs. Springer and Cox and others of the banking committee are discussing with Secretary Carlisle, has* been learned. They had a long conference with the secretary and are of the opinion that the modifications to his plan will meet, his sanction. The most radical of the new proposition for which Cox stands sponsor .4 that for coinage of silver. It contemplates the cancellation of Sher- man notes when received at the treas- ury and the issue of silver certificates In denominations of $1 El and $3, or sil- ver dollars, if the receiver. prefer. To back thew silver certificates It is pro- posed to coin all bullion in the treas- ury, which, including $54,000,000 Reign- lorage, amounts to 1131.000.000 It is calculated that not more than $40,000,000 can be coined in • year, The changes in the banking features of the plan pro- vide that while the banks shall hold the game reserve now required, one-half shall be In legal tender greenbacks or Sherman notes. Mr. Cox explains that Sue arrangement would relieve the treasury of raids on the gold made pos- sihie by the larg,_ yoltline of outstaods Ing notes, sitsee it would dispose of $200,- 009.000 of notes by using them to form the Node of banking and 1100.000,000 for reserves in banks It is conceded ,that it pight be necessary to empower - the stecnotstryr to issue low rate bonds to protect the treasury agaidst large withdrawals of gold. GOOD TIM S FOR GRANCEVILLE. Money to Be Paid Indians and New In - (laetrile Aseured. Orangeville, Idaho, Jan. 16.-Tbe board of county commissioners at their regular and first session started In by cutting down the regular salary of th• deputy . eouhty clerk from $100 to NO. The 'clerk iatands-se-enalte a-sess-ease eSee. to see whether the board of commissioners can eut down wages for the past as well as the future. The WM* of Camas Prairie are waiting anxiously for the payment of the first in- stallment to the Nes Perri Indians, The Metribution or so much money In such clogs proximity will greatly alleviate the hard times. A great many bUttlaeout men axe lataltullaal-to OeUt• laie the attentry, and banks and real estate men are receiv- ing a great many letters of inquiry about the surrounding country. With the ad- vent of spring times will be back to their old high flee on Came.' Prairie. A new industry of great importance Is In a fair way towards completion at tot- tOnWoOrt Mr. Dunham of Chicago, and hin non -in -taw, Mr. Ferris, hare on the way from Chicago the aessaratue and machinery forth.' rompletion of a park- ins house and roller,mille. The above - named trembenen ere heavily Int In a..,mlaing propoeition on cleerwater &boa 70 miles above Lowiiiton, and, are veryi Atuch elated over their proposed In- dustrial operation,' and the land of their adoption M. De Glens' allicoesetor. Si. P•terIllront. Jest *-M ithi.hkIt,.sr, 'indent to the late U. De Ono e minixtei of foreign affairs. has been ttppointwl to 5tme- cp.4 the latter temporarily. MEXICOISCONFIDENT Believes She Can Whip all Con- trai America. VOLUNTEERS ARE PLENTIFUL Ilua , emala Is OA h. ring ail Able nintird Stru rad May Stale a Bluff at VIghtlug. San Francisco, Jan. 2E -Consul Gen- eral J. Diaz Durna of Guatemala has been recalled by President Barrios to take command of the military forces in the war which he believes to be lm - pending with Mexico. He has received dispatch from the Guatemalan war department confirming the war news and stating that every able-bodied Guatemalan is needed by his govern- ment. Durna says that an alliance has finally been formed by Guatemala, Nicaragua, Salvador and Honduras, with a joint force of 100,000 men, to march against Mexico. Consul General A. K. Coney: of Mex- rico on the orCer hand declares that there will not be a war between Mexico and Guatemala over the existing boun- ds -1.y dispute: which be says can and will be settled by diplomacy. Coner Guatemalan officer firing on the Mex- ican chaam..9.tiattatzues says the ....Jo- the poetsibilety of some -hot-headed lean troops. If a war should be declared, Coney Is confident that' Mexico could !atilly defeat Guatemala, even If the latter country was able to form an Alliance with other Central American republics, which he considers unlikely. MA I STOP THE FIGHT. United States Trying to ,patch tip the Mexico-Guatemalan Trouble. City of Mexico. Jan. 26. -The United Stater has undertaken to play the part if peacemaker between Mexico and Guatemala to prevent war if possible. / 1 / 4 telegram has been received here from Secretary Grisham expressing a hope that Guatemala and Mexico agree be- 44Yeen- themsetves'upon sortie metkod Jf settling the dispute over the bound - Au, but if this should a - ot be possible the United States trusted the two coun- tries would agree to submit their differ- mces to the arbitration of some friend- ly nation. This communication from a nation With which Mexico enjoys such intimate and friendly relations has mused a profound impression upon the government and undoubtedly accounts In part for the decision of the minister 7 of ft/reign affairs to withhold five or six lays at least the ultimatum he was about to dispatch in answer to the not. from Guatemala. If it is learned that the president of the United States has made such an appeal it would he re - calved In good spirit before sending it by first communicating it in an un- official manner with Minister Romero at Washington. NEW CABINET OF FRANCE. Prime Minster R1110t at the 11011d -No Particular opposition. Paris, Jan. 27. -The name of neither ;eneral Jamont nor Admiral Bernard appears in the list of cabinet officers published in Journal Ofliciel. The min- istry of war will be occupied ad interim ey Prime Minister Mot, and the min - 151'7 of marine ad interim by M. Tra- aeux, who also holds the portfolio of justice. This makes the new cabinet as follows: Prime minister of finance and ad interim minister of Wars M. Whet; min- ister of justice and ad interim minister of marine, M. Traceux; s minister of for- eign affairs, M. Danatoux; minister of Interior, M. Layguee: minister of public Instruction and worship, M. Poincarre: minister of public works, H. Dupuy- Duternps; minister of commerce. U. An- dre Ledon; minister of agriculture, M. Cat‘eau; minister of the colonies, M. Chateaups. The, newspapers express surprise at the eomposition of the cabinet, but their comments are not hostile. President Faure this morning received General Jamont. The ministry held Its first conference at the residence of M. MUM and decided in principle to sup- port an amnesty bill. In the evening the cabinet met at the palace °lathe Elyse... when President Faure imparted to the ministers his message, which will be read by M. RIbot In the chamber of deputies and by M. Traceux In the sen- ate tomorrow. PARIte Minister Ribot Rim decided not tio Make a formal min- isterial statement, but will Indicate' his policy in his reply to M. Coblet's inter- pellation of the government. Notice has been given of the interpellations, three - of which Came from the socialists and are aimed especially at M. Ribot, SEED GRAIN OR 1411BRASKANZ. Department of AgriSaltare Will come to e. flair galls'. - Omaha, Pleb., Jan: TI. -.-A special to the Bee from Lincoln, Neb., says: Sen- ator Manderson has advised President Nason of the relief commission that the department of agriculture will ship to him mall sacks containing the entire quota of garden and field seeds, amounting to about 16,000 papers! The senator writes: \If you PM fit to distribute them from your own office, all that will be ne- (*emery to do will he to put the AILMe and postolSce address of the recipients upon the package I understand that Representatives Heiner and Meyer will send you all of theirs and Representa- tives Bryan and IllelkieJohn and Sena- tor Allen will send you part of theire. The agricultural department will also send a large amount from the depart- ment supply and from nontributions fr Th om is oth th er a me con m b i e i r d s .. o r. f t c ,i 7gr ez e t se en ' t * will solve the ululation of weed gra:M. - This question has been a source of much speculirion among Nebraska people. While the prevent resources are suffi- cient to feed and clothe Nebraska's des- titute, little provision had been made for seed grain. Now it is believed the thousands of bushels annually dietrib utlid by the agricultural flepartment through the various cortgresamea and senator\ will he sent to Nebraska by common consent Civil fiervilefltxaminations. We eh in gton, Jan. U. -Civil service ex - ainitiatione have been arranged as fol lows: Marsh 20, Cheyenne, Wyo.; April Pocatello. Idaho: April 2, Salt Lake, April 16, Tucson, Arts.; April It Los An- geles, April et, Ban Francisco; April 21. Reno. Nev,: April Se, Roseburg, Or,: May 1. Portland. Or ; May 4, Beattie: May 7, Spokane, May 0 Helens, Mont. 4pre• • +- •

Jefferson Valley Zephyr (Whitehall, Mont.), 01 Feb. 1895, located at <>, image provided by MONTANA NEWSPAPERS, Montana Historical Society, Helena, Montana.