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fs ri ee Se Eptepeetee kee Hi ’ f THE M « Locals—Ten Cents per line first insertion; five ONTANA SUNLIGHT. PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY Ui L. Rickard & Co. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE. One Year (invariably in advance)... Six Months............-+--+++> 109 Three Months 6 Single Copies 6 ADVERTISING RATES. Display—One tMonar per inch per montb. cents per line each subsequent insert jon. NOTICE All communications intended for publica- tion in this paper must bear the signature of the author; otherwise they will find their way to the waste basket. Eutered at the Postoftice at Whitehall, Mont., as Second-class Matter. FRIDAY, AUG. 22, 1902. William J. Bryan is not to be a nema A PUBLIC OFFICE. Some Definitions---Decisions of Some Prominent Jurigts. Lexicographers generally define office to mean “public employ- ment.’’ Among the legal defini- tions of a public. office we find: ‘An office is a public station or employment conferred by the ap- pointment of government. The term embraces-the idea of tenure, duration, emolument and duties.”’ ‘*A public office is an agency for the state, and the person whose duty itis to perform this agency is a public officer. The oath, the salary or fees are mere incidents, and constitute no part of the office.”’ Blackstone defines an office to be “a right to exercise a public or private employment, and to take candidate for the presidency in the next campaign. He has settled that. In a letter to the New Orleans} Times-Deniocrat, answering fhe question whether he would be a candidate in the next campaign, he| said; « “T shall not be a candidate for the presidency in the next cam- paign and, I may add, | have no choice beyond the desire to see someone nominated who was loyal, not only to the ticket, Dut to the platform in 1896 and 1900, and who, if elected, could be trusted to stand by the people in the strug- gle against organized wealth. “While no one can look very far ahead and foresee the contingen-| cies that may arise, I have no plans) looking to 2 renomination at any | future time.” The unforeseen “contingencies | that may arise’? may be of such a nature Mr. Bryan will, at some future time, accept a renomination. | } “The time has come when the *42 sf 1 . s* citizens of Montana must repudi-| legal emoluments, or permanency that he was in Ohio, and eco ate the great rich who seck to con-! trol this state for their own base ends. The time is.coming when the dollar will not count against| sidered to be public officers and/made to communicate with them. the idea.’’— Madisonian. Most heartily do we wish this| might be true, _ the fees and emoluments thereto belonging.”? The superior court of New York city, in deciding a case, used these words. ‘Every office ander the constitution im- plies the authority to exercise some portion of«the sovereign power of the state, either in making, execut- ing or administering the laws.”’ In the state af Alabama it was held that a notary public was a public officer; in Illinois that a po- lice officer was a public officer, and in New York that he was not; in Indiana held the state printer was a public officer, but the con- trary was held in North Carolina; in Connecticut that a fireman was, and in New York that he was not, | a public. officer. It was held in| Connecticut that ‘a ‘clergyman in} the administration. of marriage is| a public civil officer.’ Here we have an instance of a man being a as to make it possible that| public officer without an election | son, by the people or appointment by lany public authority, and without| was picked up by detectives last lan oath of office or bond for the|week near the Soldiers’ performance of his duties, without | of tenure or of duties. In England attorneys, counselors os | and solicitors were held and con- ministers of justice. Jn the United States attorneys are not considered } But_why repudi-|to. be public officers, except in a! beliesed to be in custody. only the affairs of particular indi- viduals. The presidency of a bank} is spoken of as_an office, and a trustee of a private trust 18, in or- dinary parlance, said to hold the office of trustee; and the term office is applied to an executor or guartiian, ete., A referee for the trialand decision of actions, is an officer exercising judicial powers under public: authority. So re- ceivers appointed by courts, and commissioners for the appraisal of damages. for lands | taken for pub- lic use, are Officers and strictly and technically exercise the functions of an office. But they are not “public officers.’” wo News Nuggets. The Earl of Dudley bas been sworn in as lord lieutenant of Ire- land, vice Earl Cardogan, resigned. Germany is calling for the ad- mission of pork duty free,and her working classes are famishing for want of their favorite meat. Senor Juan Voestas, the Ura- guayan minister to Washington, is to be transferre® to Rome and be succeded by Senor Roosen. Luther R. Marsh of Middletown, N. Y., editor, orator, lawyer, at one time associated with Daniel Webster, and a noted spiritualist, died last Friday. Paris authorities have ordered the strict enforcement of the laws lating the speed of automobiles The Fair trag- edy has caused a sudden stoppage of the demand for automobiles. regu on the boulevards. | public authority, but-yet affecting’ - Montana Mention. Senator W. A. Clark has. pur chased the Helena Independent. The inereased assessments of Missoula county this year raises it to the third ¢lass. The Gallatin valley has beén vis- ited by severe frosts the past week which are reported to have done serious damage to gurdens. ‘The party of Creat Northern surveyors has completed the work on the. Joeko cut off and are now at Holt making soundings of the Flathead river for the prodosed steel bfidge to be built there. The railroad will cross the river at the site of the present ferry. State Treasurer Barrett sent a draft for $25;000 to the treasurer of the agricultural college at Boze- man last week, it being the amount of the annual federal appropria- tion which has been received’ from the interior department. ‘Phe col- lege is now on a casli basis. Articles of incorporation of the Dorothy Mining company, organ- ized under the laws of West Vir- ginia, were filed in the office of the secretary of ‘state last week. The company is’ capitalized at $1,500,- 000. Their agent for this state is D. M. Durfee of. Philipsburg. The Fort Assiniboine military authorities have called for more bids for supplies. They now want 80,000 pounds of timothy and blue joint hay mixed. They also call for 33,000 pounds of blue joint for immediate delivery. Bids must be in by the 23d of this month One of the most important strikes An aged wanderer, W. F. John- who believed himself within a | few miles of Washington, D. C.,| Home at He had no idea | Dayton, Ohio. tld give He said | he had a son and daughter living in} no account of his tramp. Georgetown, The murderers of the Chicago} policemen, Pennell and Devine, are Frank } . “ » a seh | Limite rCTE . . <= i ‘a | ate one only. of “the great rich| limited and special sense, but offic | Kroll, who is dying of a. gunshot who seek to control this state?’ } ers of the courts. In Massachu-| wound in St. Mary’s of Nazareth | | tion, made in Beaverhead county is: re- ported from Glendale. In the lit- tlecamp of-Hecla,-formerly known as Lion City, which is situated a few miles above Glendale the com- pany, whose destinies have been presided oyer for several years by Henry Knippenberg, have opened and an effort is being | the largest and richest body of sil- ver-lead ore eyer found in that sec- It is said that much of it runs as high as 100 ounces in silver, +50 percent lead and.several dollars in gold. Miss Emma Johns, one of a fish- Why not let “the great rich” and | setts, Justice Gray said ‘an attor-| hospital, is believed to be one of |ing party, was drowned in the Big | * . ® and all else understand that the|ney-at-law is not indeed, in the| tho men. control of the state is and shall re- main in the hands of the people? | When the time comes that the dol- lar ceases to represent the prerall-| ingAmeriean‘‘idea’’then-““the} great rich” will cease to control | states ‘‘for their own base ends.” | It is no sin to be rich when riches| “are honorably obtained; but “‘the| LOVE of money is the root of all} evil.”’ At the recent meeting of the! county commissioners the appoint- | ment of Wm. B. Redding as_ reg- istry agent of district No. 1 was| revoked on the ground that the ap- pointee was disqualified by reason | of his holding the office of jistice | o1 the peace, and Chas. Beers was selected in his stead. Beers is a| notary public, and the commission-|or even a particular employment | 5¥°day, 2s farmers have been so ers are obliged to make another | selection. Attorney General Don- oyan last week rendered an opin- ion that a notary public is ineligi- ble for the office of registry agent, and quoted section 1201, Laws of Montana, in support of the opin- jon. Section 1201 says: ‘No per-| son,-a candidate for, or who holds! a state, county, or other public} office is ehgible to or shall hold the | office of registry agent of elcc- tions.”’ President Roosevelt has appoint- ed Oliver Wendell Holmes, sonof | the poet, an associate justice \of| the U. S. supreme court, vice Jus- tice Horace Gray, resigned. Mr. | Holmes was chief justice of the Massachusetts supreme court, as was also, his predecessor, when chosen to sit with the highest court in the nation. Better Than Veccination. A. California medical man has given the following prescription as a preventive ofsasmallpox: ‘‘Place one ounve of cream of tartar in sixteen ounces of water [distilled], and take a teaspoonful three times . a day, and you may sleep with a smallpox patient with perféct im- punity. If every’citizen would do this for fifteen days there would be an end of smallpox in every city.” ere . David Wilson Moore of Clayton, N. J., a wealthy glass manufactu- rer and a prominent member of the Presbyterian church, is report- ed to have announced his conver- ton to Dowieism. }are interested; its proper exercise school district is a public officer, styictest sense, a public officer, but} he comes very near it.” It was settled in the state of New| York that an “attendant” court.of_record in the city of New| York is a “‘public officer:”’ In de- |} said: “He not only owes a duty to} it’’ (the court) “‘and is to perforin | such duties as are by it required to be performed, but those duties are | in aid of the proper business of | the court... . and his employ- ment -is-ene in-which the public requires capacity, diligence and at- tendance. . Whether we look into the dictionary of oar language, the} terms of politics, or the diction of common life, we find that whoever has a public charge or employment, affecting the public, is said to hold or be an officer. Although his functions may be those of service, his employment is by the public,| and the duties intrusted to him are | official and a public charge.” The supreme court of Connecti- cut, in holding that a trustee of a expressed the opinion that every- one deriving public functions from an election by the people of-a par- ticular district is a public” officer. The supreme court of New York held that an assistant clerk of the board of aldermen of the city of New York-was an officer and an- nounced the doubtful rule that: “Probably the true test to dis- tinguish officers from simple ser- vants or employes is the obligation to take the oath preserifed by law.’? - But the same court subse- quently distinguished a case on the ground that the assistant per- formed some of the official func- tions of his principal. Prior to March 9, 1897, the law read: ‘‘No' person a candidate for, or who holds -a state, county or otlier office, fs eligible to or «shall hold. the office of registry-agent of elections.”? On that date it was made to read, ‘‘or other public4 office.”” a rhe term “‘office’’ has a wider signification than that or ‘‘public office.” The -supreme. court of New Yorlesaid: *“The term “‘office”’ has a very general signification, and is defined to be that function whereof a ‘person has some em- ployment in the affairs of another; and it may be public or private, or quasi public, as exercised undér ESI A aR a CI RI cet a St * j}was pronounced a quarrel with Joseph Pickett, a} Kroll was brought into| the hospital by his family a week | ago. There was a bullet wound in) his thigh. }had set in-and in-2 short-time he hopeless, The | the West Lake street station. } John Graham, a farmer, is lying | | at his home near Circleville, Ind, | with a crushed skull, the result of | neighboring farmer, ia which tie} was struck with a club. Both aaa are over fifty years of age and had| been bosom. friends for twenty- five years. The affair grew out of | a quarrel as to which should have | the use of a threshing machine on} delayed int wheat threshing by the wet weather, that they have been working Sundays when possible. Graham is not expected to live. Mr. and Mrs. Charles Fair, of San Francisco, were instantly killed while traveling from Trouville to Paris, France, with their automo- bile, on the 14th inst.. Mrs. Fair was a sister of Mrs. W. K. Van- derbilt: Mr. Fair was an auto en- thusiast, and had a fine 40-horse power machine, which, at the time of the accident he was driving at the rate of 62 miles an hour.’ A tire burst, the machine became vn- manageable, and crashed against a tree at the roadside. ‘ The machine was overturned and badly smashed up. When the unfortunate couple were removed from under the wreck it was found that Mr. Fair’s head was crushed and his wifce’s skull was split open. The bodies were taken into a house close to where the accident occurred and the local authorities notified. Mr. and Mrs. Fair had intended to sail for America the latter part, of this month. ‘ At 2:30 Saturday morning two men walked into a Helena -saloon, Lone. at the front and the other.at the rear door, and with drawn re- volvers persuaded the bar tender and two visitots to craw! into the refrigerator and be locked in while they relieved the cash drawer of about $40. The men were released from the refrigerator about two hours later. They doubtless think the affair a cool, piece of business, Dedham, Ma&ss., Masonic order is erecting a $40,000 hall. Hole river near, Willis, on Thuars- day of last week, while attempting to wade the river. Her sister and The surgeons-at ence another lady screamed for belp, | even the common laborer, doing UPON Alremoyed the bullet, but lockjaw| but by the time it arrived the girl| his duty for little or no reward on learth, suffering in self-sacrifice, and although | will refuse sturdily to admit that livering the opinion the justice other man is believed to be Stan-|she was in the water but a few | his opinion on the subject is less ley Meagher, who 1s locked up at | minutes, all efforts at resuscitation valuable than that of the erudite were unavailing. Miss Johns had} had been.carried down stream a quarter of a mile, for two years resided in Dillon. Her parents live at El Paso, Ill, the place of her nativity. E. F. Slack says that the mill in which the Montana—Corundum company intends to treat the prod- uct of its mines in Gallatin county is about finished and will be in op- eration by-the Lith of September. The larger part of the machinery is on the ground. In that received is two gasoline engines for running the mill, which will have a capaci- ty of 15 tons of ore perday. At present there is $200,000 worth of ore in Sight. Crashers are to be used in reducing the corundum to small crystals or powder fine enough to pass through screens from 55 to 200 mesh. Colonel Maus and. Lieut. Me Nalley with a detachment of sol- diers from Fort Assiniboitie have gone to Snake creek to the old Nez Perces battle ground, where a camp will be established for seve- ral months. Colonel Maus will make an examination of the field and locate the trenches where the soldiers who fell in that battle are buried. The officers’ who. fell in that battle were buried at Fort Keogh, and General Miles thought the soldiers who were killed should also be buried there. The. bodies will be disinterred and removed to Fort Keogh, Last Friday morning L, J. Lep- per met death at the Washoe smelter in Anaconda. Mr. Lepper went into a bin of concentrated ore which was being loaded into cars’ underneath, to hasten the work, .as the concentrates yere moving. slowly... Aumping to the bottom of the bin he began shove]- ing the concentrates toward the hole. through which the cars were loaded. The mass moved sudden- ly, burying him to the hips, and those who went to his rescue were unable to extricate him. The ore gradually’ buried hin, causing death by suffocation. Mr. Lepper was 50 years of age and a native of Ohio. He leaves a widow, and “ four children by a former wife, - OD On Monday morning, when the business of the new week: is more or Jeas mixed. in the mind with the preaching from the- pulpit or the sermons from the flowery fields where we have wandered on Sun- day, it may not be inopportune to turn for 4 moment to the pages of the latest and last book of Herbert Spencer. The philosopher is ‘an old man. He was born in 1820;\ Knowing that the sands of his glass have nearly ran out, that death stands beckoning in the shad- ow of age, be has written what is regarded as his final view of im- mortality, The world, so largely in his debt as a man of science, will be grieved to learn that he has found no real ground for expect- ing a future life. ~He says: ‘After studying primitive be- liefs, the finding that there is no origin for the idea of an after-life save the conclusion which the sav- age draws from the notion sug- gested by dreams, of a wandering double, which comes .back on awakening and which goes away for an indefinite time at death; and, after contemplating the inserutable relation between brain and con- sciousness, and finding that we can get no evidence of the exist- ence of the last without the activiss ty of the first, we seem obliged to relinquish the thought that con- sciousness continues after physical organization has become inactiqe. But it seems a strange and re- pugnant conclusion that with the cessation of consciousness at death, there ceases to be any knowledge of what. existed. With his last breath it becomes to each the same thing as if he had never lived.’’ A reviewer of “Mr. Spencer’s work aptly remarks: “Mr. Spencer’s science may not yet be sufficiently refined to search into the mystery beyond the grave, but the science of his suecessors may some day solve the problem. A few years since, though men knew there were rays of light be- yond the violet in the spectrum, they could not see them, and now those rays are in the glorious service of humanity, Neptnne was found in a realm of space which science declared was empty.”’ Simple faith will continue to cling to the hope of heaven, and philosopher. --The man with the hoe can quote Addison against Spencer: “It must be so—Plato, thou rea- sonest well! Else whence this pleasing hope, this fond desire, This longing after immortality? Or whence this. secret dread and inward horror Of falling into naught? shrinks the soul Back on herself and startles at destruction? Tis the divinity that stirs within us; Hs, Why *Tis heaven itself that points out an hereafter, And intimates eternity to man. Eternity! thou pleasing, dreadful thought.” Or Shakespeare in Juliet:” “Her body: sleeps in Capel’s monunient, and her immortal part with angels lives.’’ Or Jesus to Martha: “IT am the resurrection and the life; he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live.” Or that grimy toiler, who, per- ishing slowly in the stifling air of a Tennessee mine, not many months ago, scribbled with pencil’ on a scrap of .paper this message to those he loved most dearly: *‘Dear Wife and Baby: I want to go back home and kiss the baby, but I cannot; so good-bye. Iam going to heaven. Meet methere.”’ No physical thing is’ absolutely destroyed in this world of ours. “Romeo and The waters of the rivers and the} lakes may be disintegrated, but the hydrogen and oxygen remain. The house reared for. shelter may be burned, but- the wood has left be- hind its heap of carbon. |The seed is buried in the ground to rise and bloom again. aside the promises of thé Scriptures, is it. unreasonable for man_ to. believe that his soul is as indestructible as the material witb which he is surrounded, whether he can prove it or not?}—Beston Globe. EE ‘ Thirty thousand coyotes were] — killed in Montana last year. To lin bounties. kill them cost the state’ $150,000 Our Exchange Table, Avant Courier, August 15. _ The College of Agriculture and September 8th, as it is thought best to open a week earlier and close earlier in the spring. Prof. J. W. Blankiiiship, of the College, left last week for Madison county to investigate the poisonous weeds causing the death of the ‘sheep in that locality. W. W- Welch, state superinten- dent of schools, has just been given the power to choose candidates for four more free scholarships in the Nashville Law College, at Nash- ville, Tennessee. ‘Two of the scholarships are in the business department and the other two in the shorthand department. On Saturday last after listening to the arguments of attorneys in opposition to*the heavy assess- ‘ments, the state board of equaliza- tion reduced the main line assess- ment of the railroads in the state 20 per cent, cutting down from $16,000 to $12,800. This cut ap- plies to the Butte, Anaconda and Pacific, Northern Pacific, Great Northern, Butte-Logan. line, the Montana Union, Montana Central, Oregon Short Line, and Pony and_ Red Bluff line, Reductions were also made in the Stuart branch, the Sand Coulee, Bitter Root, Coeur d’Alene, Marysville, Park branch and Rocky Fork. ' Monitor, August 15. Ata special meeting of the school board it was decided that a tax| levy of four mills be made for | school purposes, and one mill -for | the sinking fund. Pony Sentinel, August 15. J. T. Rundell steps out of the brick business and his former} partner, H. J. Beall, becomes sole | owner. Mr. Rundell has gone to} Butte. Ata meeting of the eompany last Monday evening, a complete new light plant was ordered, of much larger capacity than the one areca Mechanie Arts will open this year] om alanis , Sunday; and 11:00 a. m.on the fourth. _ Pleasant Valley—First and third Sunday. Preaching at 3:00 p. m. CHRISTIAN~—B. L, KLINE, PASTOR: p.m. Bible school, 10:00 a. m.; Mission Band, 3:00 p.m; Y. P.8. C. E., 7:15. p.m, Waterloo—fitst Sunday. Preaching at 11:00 a.m. ands:00p.m ‘ Pleasan: ant Vi ad and fourthSitn- day. Preaching at 3:00 ' Boulder—Third p. m. South Sunddy. Preaching at 11,00 a, m. Summit Valley—Third Sunday,“ Preaching at8:00 ps. a F. H. Negley, Druggist Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, Silverware. : Paints and Wall Paper. Mail Orders Promptly Filled. Wuirenatn - - ~ Morrana. a ee HOUSE Wes. McCall, Prop. Meals 35 Cents, Lodgings 50 Cents. * now in use. It will consist of a 150 compound automatic engine, to be run condenser, and a 100 horse } | power three-phase generator. } J. W. Pope and son Harry struck eighteen inches of $50 ore in their) ‘Perhaps’, last week. } SD | The annual meeting of the State | Pioneers’ association will be held} in Dillon in the latter part of Sep-| tember. Secretary Sanders has issued 1,400 invitations. ‘“Who misses or who wins the prize, Go lose or conquer as you can; Bat if: you fail or if: you rise, ” | | | ' | | | j horse power high speed, self-oiling | This house is newly opened, and no effort is spared to make its guests comfortable and welcome. * Accommodations for ‘Transients. Room and Board by Day “or Week. 26 Rooms, large, bright and newly fitted up. ~ SPECIAL RATES to patrons by week or month. * WHITEHALL, MONT. Be each, pray God,a gentleman. J. 4. WY Pres. and Manager. Vie i. B. WYETH, Sec. and Treas. ETH, “o President. Noble & Wyeth Improvement Company a ncorporated.) For Sale. > $ é @ @ e e o e é ? e @ e @ é > é e e é e @ «© @ e ale é @ @e é | Towa, and Ranch Property ee Preaching at 11:00 a. m. and 8:00 p. m., second ~~ Whitehall—second and fourth Sunday to ~ the month. Preaching at 11:00. m. and 8:00 - @ « irst and Sunday in the month, at 11:0 and 8:00 p.m., + Epworth, meets at 7:00 p.m. meeting ¢yery evening. id J 7 a r Sunday. Preach- ing at 8:00 p.m. an ‘ Ww and fourth Sunday.