Montana Sunlight (Whitehall, Mont.) 1902-1911, August 22, 1902, Image 3

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try Make to the Little Village Each Year—The Story That There ts no spot in all Mexico as dearly beloved as the little town of Guadalupe, which is two and a half miles north of the City of Mexico. The little village has only 3,000 souls, but many more thousands visit the place on certain days in the year when pilgrimages are made to the holy shrine of Guadalupe. @he Ist of Jannary and the 12th of each month the faithful visit this place and toil up the hill on which it is said that thd virgin Guadalupe appeared to Juan Diego, an Indian boy. ; According to tradition, Juan wa trudging over the bill of Tepeyac. on his way to the city on the morning of Dec. 9, 1531, and as he reached the eastern slope of the hill he heard sounds like music. He stopped to lis- ten, and at that moment a cloud ap- peared and in the midst of it a beautl- ful lady. She told him to go to the bishop in hor name and to tell him that it was her wish that 2 charch should be built on that spot, where she would always be found to give aid to all in trouble. Juan Diego hurried’ to the. bishop with the story of the virgin, but no attention was paid to It. Upon his return home the lady appeared again in the same spot and urged Juan to go again to the bishop. The following Yay was the Sabbath, and after mass Juan found the bishop and repeated the message once more, The bishop told bim to bring a sign from the Virgin. Juan saw the virgin again ‘upon his return home, and she promised to give him a sign, which she did on Dec. 12 as be was going to con- fession. He passed this time near the foot of the hill, where she appeared ence more, and while in conversation with Juan she stamped ber foot by wny of emphasis, arid water flowed at once from the dry, barren hillside, and ,two holy wells mark that spot today. The virgin then told Juan to climb to the summit of that barren rocky hill and he would find roses growing there, which he was to gather and carry ip his “tilma” to the bishop. Juan did as be was told and found the loveliest roses growing just where she had told him to search for them. Ie gathered them all and placed them in his “til- ma,” a sort of blanket. When he arrived at the house of the bishop and opened the blanket, the roses fell to the floor, and a picture In colors appeared on the blanket. repre- senting the virgin as she had appeared to Juan. The bishop fell on his kuees in prayer and arose with a promise to build a chapel on the spot the virgin had designated. Bishop Zumarraga s¢t about to bulld the church, and when it was completed the “tilma” was placed above tbe altar in a frame of gold and silver. That little chapel has since been re- placed by the magnificent church to be geen today. There are also two other churches to mark the spot ow «whieh the roses were gathered on the summit and at tlie boly well where the virgin last appeared to Juan. This miracie was recognized in 1663, and in 1754 it was fully sanctioned and confirmed by a papal bull. Later, in 1824, congress de- creed Dec. 12 to be a national holiday. Hidalgo took a picture of Guadalupe for his standard, around which rallied the first army of the revolutionists, and the happy issue that her assistance gave to that war endcared her still more to the people. This picture on the “tiima”’ is a wonderful piece of work, Artists from all over the world hare examined it and haye testified that it Is of no known style of painting. The Indian garment of ixtli fiber is of a coarse weave. The picture appears on both sides of the cloth and is as bright as new, although said to be over 300 years old. The Church of Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe, in which this marvelous picture hangs, is sald by ex- perts to be one of the richest and hand- somest on earth today. Its treasures can be counted by millions. It was dedicated May 1,-1709, and is 184 feet long by 122 feet wide. It has a vaulted roof, supported by Corinthian columna. The whole is surmounted by a dome, the lantern of which is 125 feet above the floor. The building cost $1,181,000. | The jewels, gold and silver plate and other rich belongings nearly all belong to the government and are estimated at $2,000,000 more. - The church possesses a very costly crown for the yirgin. It is of solid gold and weighs many pounds. There are six shields on the crown for the six archbishops of Mexico, and they are all surrounded py diamonds. There are a number of angels, each having an immense ruby on the breast, while the .. rest of the surface of the crown is cov- ered ‘with sapphires and emeralds. This crown is surmodunted by the Mexican eagle, holding aloft a large diamond cross. ‘ The poor pilgrims are not able, many of them, to form an idea of the rich- ness of this church, with its commun- fon rail and balustrades from the sanetuary to the choir of solid silver. They are three feet high, with a top molding a foot wide and a still more massive base. The sacred vessels are all of puregold embedded with pre clous stones. The choir has some fine _ carvings done in ebony and mahogany. “The finest is a basso relievo above the stalls, illustrating the litany of the ‘virgin. ; Artists were brought from France to paint the frescoes.on the walls, and the paintings and statues were the work of the best Baropean artists and sculp- tors. The organ ih itself represents o small fortune.—Cleveland Plain Deal- er. Long Expected. For over forty years. a resident of what is now Cascade county, John Brown ‘is now asking for a survey of the country in order that he may homestead his land before he dies, as he 79 years old. .~ For over 36 years he had patiently sat ee ae taal river and. for Uncle Sam to sur- A DAUGHTER'S GIFT fOriginal.) You know pa wouldn't consent to Del's marriage with Jim, wouldn’t al- low the wedding at the house or allow either Del or Jim to come here after- ward. This was because Jim had been wild and hadn't settled down, It was hard on us all, for Del was my oaly child, she had always been her father's pet, and his treatment almost broke her heart. The years went by, and pa instead of softening appeared to hardey, though Jim made Del a splendid hus- band and grew rich. They had one child, a boy, the prettiest little chap you ever saw. One day an artist saw him in his bath and was so struck with his slender little form that he asked leave to copy him into a picture he was painting. The picture was a success and brought the artist a fine reputa- tion, all on account, everybody said, of the little figure in the corner, One day Del said to me, “Ma, I'm going to send pa a present.” “I'm afraid, my dear, he'll send It right back to you.” ie “Maybe he will, and mayve he won't. Anyway, I’m going to try it. I’m go- ing to put if fo the dining room so that he'll see it when be comes down the first thing in the mortiing. He's al- ways ip a better humor then than at any other time of day. Don't you_re- member how he used to toss me in the air eyery morning before breakfast?” ~Hlow are you going to send it?” “Jim and I are going to get up early and take it round. You are to let us in, We'll place it right where pa Will see it the first thing when he comes into the breakfast room.” I didn’t believe it would do any good, but I told Del I would belp her in any way | could, so it was all arranged that they should bring their gift the ‘next Sunday morning. On that day | we breakfast at 9 o'clock, nnd pa does not have to go downtown to business When Sunday came, the sun, was shin- ing bright and beautiful, the birds were singing in the yard, and there was a delicious freshness in the air, I was thankful, thinking that if anything could put pa in a gocd humor it would be this beautiful morning. A little-be The Story of Blossom, Winky-W~+2 had been yisiting-at ier -quntie’s, Mamma and papa “were att . FRUIT GATHERING. the depot to meet her, und. as soon as they kissed her and hugged her mam ma asked, “Why, Winky-Wee, what's in the basket?” t “A kitty, manma—the dearest, sweet- est white kitty you ever saw. Its name is Blossom.” When Winky-Wee sat down in the street car, of course she bad to have her basket. Preity scon a baby meow came from the basket. “Hush, Blossom, dear,” said Winky- Wee. “We're going home to such a beautiful house where there's a doll’s house and a cow bossy that gives such lovely white milk and a cellar full ef mousics, ‘Think of that!” “Meow!” cried Blossom angrily; thea she put out one little paw, and before anybody could say Jack Robinson she put out another little paw, then out came the whole kitten, and she Jumped away out of the car—it was ab open car—and when the motorman stopped so papa could get out there was not even the tip of Blossom's white ta‘! to be seen. dw Winky-Wee did ery while she rode home bugging the big empty basket! She cried till she went to bed. She did not even want to pliy with Jessie, her doll, or look at: the Boxes—The Handy Orch:r. It may be interesting for readers to know what a Rural New Yorker cor respondent tells as follows: All kinds of Californiarfrult that must be picked from the trees are first picked into Un picking pails holding about twenty pounds of fruit, These pails have s AN ORCHARD TRUCK IN CALIFORNIA. hook ettached to the ball by whieh they. fore 9 Jim and Del drove up to the side gatet which was hidden from the } house by trees, though that wasn't necessary, for pa Was &hut up in bis shaving room, where he couldn't see anything. and Jim carried an oblong box about three feet in length up to the side entrance, | let them in, and they went to the dining room, while | went upstairs to keep an eye on pa He had finished shaving and was sit ting by the front window looking out. but instead of being happy tbe bright morning seemed to make bim all the more melancholy. “What a plersant day,” 1 said, “for a family party to go for a rive in the country!” “There's no family party exeept you and me,” be said. I knew that he was pining for) Del, but I didn't say anything more for fear of making bim ugly. I saw by the clock that !t was five minutes to 9, and I went to the banister and coughed to give Jim and Del warning. then told pa that breakfast was ready. He got up with a sigh, and we went downstairs together. We both stood mute lool:ing nt what we saw In the bay window at the end | of the dining room. The marble bust that always stood pn the pedestal had been removed, and in its stead was the | statue of a little boy about five years of. It was of white marble—that Is, 80 far as we could judge—and held out a pair of little arms to us. } “Great guns!” pa exeiaimed. } “Little darling!” said 1. “What ao) pity it isn’t alive!” | “Flow do, grandpa?” cried the statue, | and, tearing off its white face, it dis played the rosy features of Del's little Jim. Jumping off the pedestal, all in his white tights be ran up to his grandpa, who bent down and took him in bis arms. I never saw pa so overcome in my life. He hugged the boy so tight that | I thought he would crush him. Then Del came from the pantry and put her arms around them both. Del was | langhing and crying, and pa was try- ing to keep from doing both. Then he put little Jim down, and. without no- ticing that bis clothee were covered with the white powder that had made the boy’s tights look like marble he folded Del in his arms. Jim—big Jim, I mean—seeing through a crack th the pantry door that the plan bad been a success, came into the room, and pa put out bis hand. That was the happiest breakfast par- ty any of us ever sat down to. I tad taken pains have a nice breakfast, though I didn’t believe Del's present to her father would break through his crustiness, but hoped that it would and we would all take our Sunday morning meal together. After the breakfast we sat in the library and talked while pa and Jim smoked. “Ma,” said pa to me, “didn’t you say something about a family party going for a drive? “I reckon we'll have out the horses.” Pa and Jim went the stable while Del and I got up a lunch.. Then we started for the country.. There was room for Jim and Del on the back seat, while pa had little Jim with him in front. Jimmie hadn't ever ridden behind horses before and was wild with. delizht. talking to his grandpa and begging him to let him drive till pa consented. k Who fot up the statue? Why, the artist who uscd little Jim for a model. After the reputation and money he made out of bis picture be couldn’t do all bis siill on the boy’s makeup and in posing bim. F. A. MITCHEL. doll’s house or go and stroke the litile rabbits. One morning nearly a week after ward papa went to the back door eatly in the morning~ and called “Winky-Wee, Winky-Wee, come bere quick!” She came running downstnirs in. ber little nightie, and she screamed with fence sat delight, for there on the Blossom; not the snow white fat Blos som she lost, but a raggedy, dirty, thin Blossom, with a scratched nose and a And she never ran away bitten ear. again, but grew up into the loveliest plumpest, snowlest kitty Good Housekeeping. a Rockity Bang. A group of boys gather for play. “What shall we play?\ “Rockity bang’ exclaims one of the lads.. “My rock one.” “My rock two!” cries another. “My rock three!” “My four!\ five!’ and so on, cali others in quick The last to call must be the ‘ ogre who guards the castle, said castle | AS fast as filled the succession, being a large rock or fence upon which. the ogre places the tower, a rock at least as large as a good sized snowball. Ogre crieé “Bang!” and the boys in| turn fling stones at the tower, and he may be hnng to the ladder or to. some conrenient branch ef the tree. From the picking pail the fruit goes into “orchard” or “picking” bexes that -| hold about forty pounds, These boxes are strongly made and last for several years ifs properly ustd. They have cleats across the ends which allow ven- tilation when the boxes are stacked one above nother. In piekiz apples, for fastance, cer- tain individuals who have judgment are detalled to sort the apples as fast as the pickers. bring them in. their . | pails, leaving the full pail and taking ; in town.— an empty one, All sound apples, regardicsa of size, are put into boxes very carefully, the “hundle them Iike eggs.” Wormy ap- ples are put in other boxes for imme- diate sale or consumption, . The poor- est of the wormy apples pnd those “My |-that are bruised or specked go into still other boxes and are used for cry- ing, making cider, ete. boxes are stacked in the shade and as soon cs conreniént are hauled to the drier or warehouse, where they are again stacked until used. The epples as well as otber fruit are hauled from the starts off at-once, the boys all follow: | orchard on low wheeled trucks, with infg In swift pursuit. © he must become ogre and guard the eastle. he ean; ‘Whomever the ogre catches must take the ogre’s place, and ogre takes the captive’s missile and bangs ) at the tower. The lad who hits the tower and se- if by chance he (the boy) can pick up the missile which he himself threw, he is free. If caught, In case all the throwers miss the ogre may catch any one of them if springs under the platform. These Usually the apples are | ,, ‘ sorted into three lots. | Utah correspondent in Orange Judd | | orders being emphastzed frequently to | } plentiful, ithe roll IRRIGATION ITEMS. focehing the Sagar Beet Crop, Ite Quantity and Quality, The grenter part of our bercf land is almost devoid of humus, 1t-becomcs hard and ecloddy afier Irrigation, It is therefore all important that no more tr- tigation be done than is absolutely nec essary, Further «irrigation cools the soll, making it Imperative to Irrigate moderately during the spring months, {In summer excessive irrigation recuecs the quality of the beet crop, deereas:ng the percentage. of engar. Full hrriga- tion, however, Increases the yleld per acre, As irrigation cools the soil It must bp earefully controlled while the plants are tender, otherwise the taproot may not go down in seurch of moisture, This will result in a serubby beet, with many prongs and aJow sugar content, During August and the first pert of September full irrigation will Increase the quality of the crop and also she quantity. Late irrigation, however, ia apt to produce beets of a low percent. age of sugar. “After the land Is plowed In the fall it should be-irrigated before winter sets in if water is available, Sowing the seed with a drill and cul- ttvating to a depth of five ar six inches are the main remedics cgainet the dis- advantages of irrigation, ‘Thorough cultivation should be kept ep uatil it is prevented by the growing crop, In ott ce words, cultivate gntilthere is dan- ger of injuring the Teavcs, Our contest acre was scant In humus and therefore cid not resnin the mo!s- ture well, If it had ‘net rained imme- diately after planting, ft would have been necesenry to irrigate to secure a good stand, ‘Chis first irrigution, how- ever, must be very late,.so as not to cool the underground too much, Irti- gation water may be applied freely during July, When the crop bas reac- ed the standard In sugar—'4 per cent— it is time for the skilled beet grower to look for nnd secure if possible a In: tonnage by increasing the amou tion water to be apptied, says 4 | Farmer. - Fiax ta the Northwest. The grain crop is seeded in May ard the early part of June in Wisconsin, Minnesota, the Dakotas and the norith- | weet generally, This year the crop will | be late because of a cool April and an | exeess of molature, keeping the ground | cold, The fiax plant cun stand consid- erable warm, molst weather after once | established oh ground not Infected by | tax wilt, | In North Dakota farmers generally consider it a new land crop. Of lae they find that by careful rotation god | the putting of three or four crops of | Wheat and cats between finx crops the results are quife ‘satisfactory, They all believe, however, that the produc- | tive capacity of the soll grows less and that continuous cropping for any con- | giderable length of time ts pot profit- lable, It ia for this reason that the | flax producing section is always found jin the states where prairie land ts ln spite of this popular be- lief as to tha heavy draft of fax ‘a | | Professor Harry Snyder of | cures his own rock the Jargest number of times during the game wins first place. Sometimes the boys choose up and make it a cotitest of sides. Then rockity bang becomes a real tug of war conflict equal th stress to baseball or enough for Jim and Del and exercfsed | golf. The boy who leads for the day wears home the badge of victory, and to lead the score for the week or mouth becomes 2 matter of bighest honor. Getting Rid of a Dor. A head master of Harrow had a way especially his own of: getting rid of | ig tn four pieces, each little boys whom he invited to break- fast. You know, little boys have a peculiar habit of beconiing Imcanven- jently glued to a chair. youngster, who was perbap middle of another muffin, and gently. and with paternal zine. Didn't Like That Kind of Crackers. A little miss was told to take her afternoon nap, and then she should get up and watch the boys put off their firecrack- It was the Fourth of July. ers, Pretty soon.a beavy thunder shower eame on, and Aunt Mary went up to |gee if Miss Rachel was frightened. Evidently .shé was, for she called out at once: “sunt Mary, 1 don’t want to hear any more firecrackers!”—Babyland, The Beautifal Land of Nod. Come, cuddle your head on my shoulder, dear, Your head like the goldenrod, And we will go sailing away from here To the beautiful Land of Nod, Away from life's hurry and furry and worry, Away: from the earth's shadow and gloom; To a world of fair weather we'll float off together Where roses are always in bloom. Just shut cp your eyes fhd fold your ands, Your hands like the leaf of a rose, And we will go sailing to those fair lands That never an atlas shows. On the north and the west they are bounded by rest, On the south and the east by dreams; \Tis the country ideal where nothing ts real, But everything only seems. Just drop down the curtains of your dear eyes, * Those eyes like a bright bluebell, And we will sail out under starlit skies To the land where the fairies dwell. Down the river of Sleep our bark shall’ sweep TV it reaches the mystical Isle Which no man hath seen, but where all have been, - And there we will pause awhile. 1 will croon you a song as we float along To.that shore that is blessed. of God. that rare land, * That beautiful Land of Nod! —Elia Wheeler Wilcox. The hospita- ble “head” would quietly go up to the He the y very kindness, “And must fou really go?” The tittle boy invariably went.—Strand Maga- THRASHING OFF ALMONDS. trucks have tires six inches wide and | are used for all kinds of bauling on | the ranch. he picture of the off almonds shows bow these nuts are men knocking The canvas under the tree fifteen fect square. When the nuts are-ni] knocked barvested, up from the edges, and the contents, leaves, twigennd alipere duimped into orchard boxes and hauled to the drier, where a number of girls shuck them by band. It will be noticed that the fect of the stepladders are padded to prevent them from cutting betes ti the canvas. It may be interesting te know that the “canvas” is made of drilling, of which lurge quantitics are used on the large seed farms for thrashing out seeds. After the almonds are shucked they are spread on trays and dried. Then they are dipped in water and run into the sulphur box a few minutes to bleach the shells and then dricd again, when they are ready to sack for mar- ket. - > New Diet For the San Jone Scale. _A Toronto letter says that the Onta- rio government will feed the San Jose scale on a new diet. Last year the farmers dosed the scale with soap. This year ~ mixture is emulsion of cod liver off and potash, ‘The goyern- ment is also trying an emulsion of crude petroleuni cn the seale, and be- tween the fish oi! and the coal oil prod- uct Mr. GC. C, James, Ceputy minister of agriculture, bas gocd hopes of secing the foe of the fruit tree wiped out of Ontario during this season, Mr. George BE. Fisher, who has been conducting ex- periments {n western Ontario for the agricultura! department, says that the trials made there have been in advance of any made elsewhere as far as ex- tent and variety of method are con- er than soap, and applications from farmers for materials are far more nn merous than last year.—Country Gev- tleman. Preparing Grocnd For Bock ypeat. We ptow-early in June, roll. cultivate and seed early in July. We sow about one.and a quarter bushels per acre with drill. About a hundred pounds of fA good fertilizer per acre makes a nice dressing on thin land ff sowed with drill. We received 60 cents per bushel -phen,-ho;- for that fair land,. we're off for |last year for buckwhext. I consider the future promising for this ¢crop.—CoF: Orange Judd Farmer. off the tree, ‘the sheets ave gathered | corned. The new preparation is cheap-y Minnesota shows that an average erm p of finx ddcs not remove excess amounts of fertility from the soll—t. e., more than the other leading farm ) Crops. Professor Bolley, also of the North Dakota station, callx attention to the fact that weeds rapidly take posses- cion of tax land and that wheat, oate, }corn, potatoes and beets grown upou land effected by fax will do well.— | Orange Judd Farwer. Weerll In Beans. | The bean weevil does considerable injury in many sections ¢ f the country. | that these pests will develop brocd after brood in stored beans, so that while only a few beans mary be affected when the crop is stored away in the THE BEAN WEITIL. {a, natural size; b, enlarged; c. beans from which beetles have escaped.) fall by the next summer, ‘eepecially 1% >| the. beans are kept in a warm room they may practically all be injured. To prevent this the best method scems to be the-inclosing of the beans ina tight vessel in which a little bisulphide of carbon, benzine or gasoline js placed, taking care, of course, to prevent explo- sion throuch contact with fire. Simply keeping the beans in a cold place dur- ing the winter will tend to lessen the multiplication of the pests. Late sow- ing also appears to lessen the chances of injury to the erop. One Thing and Another. # Experiments in feeding indicate that better and more economldenl gains are made from ground Kaffir corn than from the whole grain. Dairying fs on the increase in Mich!- gan. Do not sow flax year after year upon {he same land. Put at least_one culti- vated crop and two or more other crops between flax crops. Among drought resistant grasses the South Dakota station has found Neva- da blve grass, feather bunch grass, western wheat grass and brome grass véry useful in renewing the ranges. Varieties of onions that hare done best at the Kansas station are Prise- taker; Yeltow Danvers; Red Wenther- field, Silver King enr4 Giant Gibre)tar. , | together and a It Coes not seem to be generally kaown | A marked improvement In the cond!- tion of cows has quickly come with full gruss feed. Pastures in dairy states ure in splendid coucition, The rains have been heavy, nud the «warm weather between showers has given grass a tremendous start. In twenty years we have heyer seey the countr) production wlll be large during July, and our oplulon is that the make of butter will be far liv excess of the estl- amates heretofore mace... We noticed that operators.are unusu- ally eager to make contracts for butter at extreme prices, Boston scems to be particularly bungry, eeveral large ¢con- tracts having been made In the west at prices too high for New York and other leading markets to torch, It is pretty certain that many eastern speculators are anticipating high prices on account of the parsage of the Grout bill. Creamery Journal. A Good June. Western pastures were never better at this tlme of yeat, says a dairy Jour- nal, Tor a nuniber of seasons there has Veen no éxcess of ratnfall, though no severe drought, and the ground has gradually begome dry. Semlweeékly and mere often dally rains—awere the weather man’s programme this spring, and on .a-result the ground hae been thoroughly sonked, pastures are knee deep with grass, and enttle which went lato pesture In April in hmpover ished.-condition rapidly reached the normal state, The June make of weat- ern goods was little if any short of the usual outpat. A Good Dairy Sire. In the Wustratjon Is shown a splen did type of dairy sire. He has all the qualitics that we have tried to deseribe as adjuncts to dairy production. He has the crested neck, refined head, TYPICAL DAIRY BULL | clean cut features, depressed back, fat hams and smoothness and symmetry of outline that are always accomparsl- ments of blood and breeding. Used on our native stocks, he will produgh re markable results Iu a short time, As ithe sire ie more than half the berd | this makes it posslble for hundreds of our farmers who are now suffering from having too many poor animals on hand to effect Improvement at a small cost. If one man Is not able to pur- chase n desirable sire. several can club whole community be benefited tu this way.—Farmers’ Bul- | letin No, 148, Tnited States Depart- ment of Agricultore; Get Detter Cows, X Dalry Commissioner YW. W. P. Me- Connell says he has for many years been advocating not more cows, but | better ones. The point Is a forcible one. Records and ‘tests which are ta- controvertible show that one cow may produce nearly or quite twice o# much butter from a given quantity of food as another cow, A man with the right kind of cows ‘may be making a band- some profit, while his neighbor, who feeds as well and gives as good enre, Is losing money, the difference being whol ly due to the differenee In the cows op the two farms, The sure way to cx: pand the dairy industry is to force home upon dairy farmera the knowl edge which is essential to success i Practical Way of ‘MandMag @ Diss milk according to sweetness and clean- 7 lHiness and manufacture Ahe grades, sep- Y argtely, the obstacles are so great that oH looking belter. We belleve the butter | is hard to say which is the mere im portant, the individual merit of the cow or the food and care given her. It is not necessary to. consider their rclative importance. Both factors a all Important. Without good food ant care no cow will pay, and the best of food and care are wasted when given to a poor cow,- Oregon Agriculturist. A Dairy School's Record. The practical and effective work of the dairy school of the Ohio State unl- versity will be eeen at a glance when its record is made known. In brief, out of the limited total of fifty admitted to | the echool thirty.students are now pre- pared to take permanent places in cheese factories and creameries, and }ealls have already been received for twenty of these young men. According to indications every graduate will find a plnce awasting him at the close of the school. Truly here is a field for technical labor and for good business management which is not overcrowd- ed.—American Agriculturist. Fed Green Corn, One of our best dairymen in an Ad- Cress before a farmers’ institute said that during the summer, bis pastures getting short and baving no soiling crop, he commenced cutting of and feeding lis milk cows his corn, He kept a close account and found it paid. This shows the importance of feeding well at all. times if the flow of milk ts to be maintnined and that it can be done profitably and a good product ob- tained. o Stock Methods. It is sald by some th¥t butter made from separator gathered cream {s not as good as when separated at the creamery. -This may be #0 in some cases, but If fs because the farmers do not take good care of the ercam be° cause they cre too slack and slovenly or keep It too long. It. stirely is not as much werk to cool and care for the cream as the whole ciilk. GRADING CREAM, . agreeable Matter However degjrable it may be to gradé it Is practically impossible, for it natu- rally has to go through one weigh car and it is more than the always rushed buttcr maker can do to run ts throtgli diffcront separators, hold in different vats and churn in elfferent batches. But with gathefed eveam the Nnaitde tlons are not so strict. The cream does not all come at once or come with a rush, and two cream, vats will accom- modate two grades of cream, permit- ting separate churning and separate packing, with. comparatively little ad ditional work. Yo pay the same price for rancid cream as for sweet croam is manifest- “he ly unfair and rulnous to the whole busincss, szys Creaniery Journal. To nbsotutely: rejeet all off grade crvan\ will improve the grade of butter madé But off davored cream has some value, although less value than good cream. Only three things ar¢ possible—mix all together and damage the whole churns ing, return the poor grade and lose the patronage and insure heavy loss to the patron, or gradeand pay for each grade according to approximate value, It tukes a man with a trained nose and trained taste to grade cream, It can be done by mechanical tests, but practically the human senses.are to be relicd upon, and a myn withont these senses well developed 1s out of plact in a cteamery. We are speaking of gathered cream plants and believe that an ambition to get into the best class, xbest In honors and best in payment, ean be stimulated among the patrons and that time put in showlng the pas tron bow he can get there and stay there will be very profitably spent. This Is something more than theory, for it Les been made an accomplished foet in so many cases that It must be acknowledged to be practical. We do not mean that grading cream, holding in different vats and churning sepa- rately have become everyday prac- tlees In creamerjes, but that keeping out the worst and churning it after- ward can be done and that rushing dl- rect.for the home of a patron with a road horse and road cart hag done won- ders in improving the cream of those patrons, In all such cases. the butter maker should not stop to argue or talk much, but speak to the point and leave at once without listening to excuses or recriminating palaver. “al Duys Cows For Patrons, A Salem (Or) creamery operator has entered upon a plan for the develop ment of the dairy interest of bis nelgh- hood Whenever he finds an tndus- triouns farmer who desires to purchase cows for a dairy berd, but who has not suflc#nt enapital, the creamery man buys the necessary cows and then sells. them to the farmer, taking a mortgage. This plan has been prac- ticed previously by creamery men, not- ably large companies operating ln Kan- sad, and has been found successful. A hitherto unknown element {n milk, a new fermetft, has been discovered, called galactose, which is proving of value tn the ripgning of cheese, The properties of this ferment are similar to the secretion of the pancreatic orgen in the human body. Old cheese is pre- digested food, and the digestion Is wrought by the galactose. It was found that the galactose would go on working at very low temperatures, temperatires at which bacteria were practically inert. Cheese. was put into refrigerators and mouths. above the freezing point. kept frozen _for —? Other cheese was kept just x It was found ws that the finest cheese is cured at from ’ 40 to 45 decrees F. PEraetical cheese manufacturers had maintained that 60 degrees was the lowest temperature at which cheese could be worked with- out becoming bitter and worthless. The new discovery will, it is believed, fevo- lutionize cheese manufacture, doing away with all curing rooms, the cheose being sent directly to the refrigerator.— Scribner's Magazine. : Geneva Investigating. The Geneva experiment station is considering the causes that produce the ripening of cheese. The enzymes are the agents that break down the protein compounds and make cheese digestible by the ‘human stomach. Bacterial changes seem to be intimately comnect- 4d with chemical changes, and until the processes are known little progress can be made in scientific cheesemaking. Without this Nght advances will be made, but they will be more accidental than planned. Without this knowledge a we find it practically fmpossible to de- velop cheese of uniform quality.—Dairy World. A A Convenient Cheesebox. _ W. A. Simister, Ingersoll, Canada, has invented an improved cheesebox which Is constructed to prevent ripping or splitting of It is so ar- ranged that both heads can be removed to allow of readily placing the cheese in the box. The Leads are so locked in place that they can be conveniently re- raoved to allow inspection from either end without destroying the box or !n juring the cheese. ' Loss In Cheese, The factors controlling loss are amount of water originally present, the fexture of the cheese, the size and shape of molds used, motsture present in the air of the curing. room and the 3 temperature of curing rooin. The last \ im two are the most fmportant, but can be ‘ quite easily controlled. « y a by the right of homestead. Homestead laws, desert laws, timber laws, script. laws and ex- perimental laws. of all kinds have come apd gone; wars have boomed and passed away; the rebellion grew, flourished, died, and was a memory; railroads were built, telephones and electric lights were invented and the war whoop of the ‘savage cried aloud and be- came still} Gratz Brown, Andy baat ; Ms Johnson, Mary, Ellen Lease and|his family upon the 160 acres Willam Jennings Bryan grew, talked, and dropped back into ob- which he chose for his homestead, for five years previous to settling livion, but John Brown stall sat}upon the proposed homestead, he and complained not. ; freighted and trapped and it was a Thirty-six years ago it was that| circumstance <in connection with John Brown squatted upon hjs}the first named vocation that Sun river ranch. The land was|gave him the name of “Whis- unsurveyed and cach year it was key Brown, not because he drank, — that a survey would bejbut because of the cironmstances made, so Jobn Brown tilled the mentioned, and also because & soil, builded’ his home and raised [title was necessary to distinguish SA A A NO A SSB him. from ‘Ho?’ - Brown’ and “Cayuse”. Brown, also Sun river residents. Wonderland. ee ee Gen. R. G.. Dyrenforth, com- niander-in-chief of the U. V. U., has accepted the invitation of the district commissioners to hold the national encampment.of the untfon in Washington next October, dur- ing the encampment of the Grand, Army, See tat ” ame seninbhianaligyiis Jerry Logan, the aged janitor of the supreme court of Tennessee, has sold himself to Gerald Stuart, clerk of the court, for $1,000. For this sum he agrees;“in a written contract, to serve and obey Stuart as his legal master,from now until the time of his death. Logan has lately been worried by debts which he will pay now from the sum to be paid him for his liberty. He is an ex-slave, born of slave parents Utah lawyer,, were married at Salt after 60 years ago, and has many white friends of the regime. ‘ a ay Mrs. Ellen M. Younger,awealthy = widow of Colorado Springs, and a Judgt Owen Prentiss, a prominent : Lake, last Sunday, where they met ears of separation. Each was past 40 years of age. They were both in the city to attend Elks*onvention. past ee : af is 4

Montana Sunlight (Whitehall, Mont.), 22 Aug. 1902, located at <>, image provided by MONTANA NEWSPAPERS, Montana Historical Society, Helena, Montana.