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The Weekly Lioweer. \ e Lewistown, has dropped the word 3 Montana and substituted therefor ~ , 2 * cr. saperenerane gine iean ane ii en aptyhio ahs y - . Per Year, : “ - « . S2 00 Six Months, - - o ‘ 1 25 Three Months, \5 PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY THE HARTFORD PUBLISHING COMPANY. Ropert. G. Bainuy, Editor’and Mgr, - SUBSCRIPTION, INVA RIABLY IN ADVANCE, Advertisements, to insure prompt insertion, should be handed in not later than Thursday preceding publication, Rates nade known at the publication office. Address all communications to THE HARTFORD PUBLISHING CO., . Clancy, Montana, Pease sanaini seecithelh eS Entered at the postoffice at Clancy, Montana, ° as second class matter. SATURDAY, JULY 20: TE ee = Te Butte Mining and Railway Review year old last week. he citizens of Butte. give it liberal support and consequently the paper is in the field to stay. vas one Tur Democrat, ptblished at the hame of the town in which it 1s ptiblished. It is now the Lew- istown Democrat, if, you please. AcCOKDING to the new code, newspaper men are exempt from serving on a jury. This is a great blow to the profession, most of them preferring to serve and draw the $1.50 per day, it being their greatest source of income: AN eastern weather prophet predicts that during the latter part of July and August there will be an abundance of rain. It is to be hoped that a portion of this delugé will strike the arid sections. Keep your eyes on the Harvey- Horr 10 -day's silver debate in Chicago, which opened Tuesday. The white metal champion. is sure to win, though the associated press will, in all probability, give the goldbug the best of the re- port. NEVER can the Lump Citvites refer ‘to Hartford as the the their own hands have they|obliterated this impas- ‘sable barrier, and henceforth it is more town on the wrong side of mud-hole. - By the metropolis across the Prickly Pear. Len Sonc, who has been sing- ing a song of love into the ears of Mary Stimson, an American girl at’. Lawrence, Kan.) has | changed his tune to that of plain- tiff in a breach of promise suit. He alleges that they were engaged but Mary, aftér receiving several hundred dollars of his washee money, refuses to fulfill her part of the contract... Truly the celes- —=Ieation and means purple. them prior to the trouble. This is welcOme news to the loyal spirits in that camp, ‘and should be a warning ta.other mine owrers as to what will be in store for them should they attempt to follow the example set by the Broadwater. : io FACTS CONCERNIG PORPHYRY. No word is more associated in indNof: the western miner the metallic wealth which lies hidden in the heart of the many-wrinkled hills. The pros- pector and the digger* have ap- propriated it for their own and widened its usage in spite of the proper protest of the petrographer. The word itself is of Greek deri- The rock to which the name was first applied came from certain quar- ries worked by the Romans at Djebel Dokhan in Egypt. ‘This was the red antique porphyry,the ‘‘porfido rosso antico,” of the Italians and had, according to Zirkel, a beautiful blood-red ground mass speckled ‘with small snow white and rose red crystals of feldspar. plagioclase and was accompaaied by needles of black hornblende and small crystals of specular iron. ‘Throughout the rock there ran a network of minute veins of accessory quartz. The ground mass itself was homogeneous and contained no distinguishable crystals of quartz or feldspar. Such a rock today would be called a porphyrite. Pliny, indeed, speaks of the ‘‘porphyrites in Egypte” and Agricola pointed gut that.in the mosque of Saint Sophia at Constantinople the columns were made of this par- ticular porphyry. : th It may be interesting to recall the fact, related by Vandam in “An Englishman in Paris,” that it was originally intended to build Napoleen’s tomb from the ancient porphyry. Guizot got into trou- ble over the’ matter in the follow- ing way: Visconti, the architect of the Napoleonic monument, being at that. time erected at the Invalides, wanted the sarcoyhagus to be red porphyry. Guizot ac- quiesced. It was found, however,. that the old Egyptian quarries were exhausted of such material. Inquiries weng ynade in the Vos- ges, in the Pyrenees and else- where, but without success, and the idea was about to. be aban- doned, when it was learned at the ministry of the interior that this variety of ornamental stone: ex- isted in a quarry on the banks of Lake Onega, in Northwestern Russia. The quarry, however, belonged to the crown and could not be worked without the pay- ment of a taxes On becoming acquainted with the purpose of the French engineers who had tial is in hard lines when he iodes| charge of the undertaking the in both love and war. Tur government has borrowed more than $100,000,000.0f gold from the past year, yet the treasury statement Europe during issued July 2 shows a decrease in the circulation of all kinds of money in the United States dur- ing the past year of $62,000,000. During the same period the popu- lation 1,481,000. The treasury department estima- ted the population July 1, 1895, at 69,878,000, During the year circulation has increased de- $22.96. the per capita creased from $24.33 to $22. With this condition of affairs staring them in the face it would be better for the goldbugs to seek their holes. . Tum mapagers of the Broat. water mine at Neihart, after us- ing every means within their power to compel their employes to trade at a company store, even to invoking the aid of the law, have yielded- an tinconditional surrender, or such at least it ap- peats tobe. Finding that the citizens of Neihart would remain loyal to the miners, even though the mine was closed down, and that a decrease in force was a decrease in. profits, the operators _ have decided to increase the force Czar Nicholas remitted the tax, about 6,000 francs. Although the French paid for the entire cost of tho working and transportion of the stone, over 290,000 francs, yet the report was circulated that ‘Russia had made Franee a pres- ent of the tomb of Napoleon,” much to the annoyance of Guizot and the other French ministers. In designing rocks of this class the ancients restricted the term porphyry to the red variety, thereby recoginizing the etymol- ogy of the word. Rocks of the same kind, if of other colors, were, accotdiny to’ Quenstadt, indiscriminately called marmor or marble...To the modern petrog- rapher a porphyry is a_ rock of igneous origin, having’ a homo- geneous ground mass enclosing distinct crystals, such as quartz, feldspar, hornblende or some other mineral, according to which it becomes a quartz porphyry, a feldspar porphyfy, etc.. The ground mass may be. microcrys- talline or-it may be glassy, and the rock accordingly may be, for instance, a granite porphyryon the one hand or a rhyolite por- phyry on the other. In short, the word porphyry describes the structtre or habit of the rock tather'thatt its mineral composi- tion, and it would be ‘better, to the foil number employed by pies The feldspar was} phyritic rhyolite than of a rhyolite porphyry. According .to the Germans .the porphyries. have.a glassy ground mass belonging to- the newer eruptives, just as those having a nficrocrystalline base are Supposed to be of more ancient origin. This ; questioned by many distinguished petrographers in England and in the United States. The term porphyrite is confined by Rosen- busch and other continental authorities to the pre-Tertiary plagiyclase -hornblend group of porphyries, such as diotite por- phyry.* This distinction is not generally accepted, though the restriction to rocks of a certain geological age is questioned, At the present time the nomen- clature of eruptive rocks is in woeful confusien, owing to the attempt af some to recognize rocks of similar mineralogical composition, but of different ages, by. different terms and the refusal of others to recognize aught but ‘purely petrographic distinctions. To the mind of the western prospector the name porphyry has, however, a certain marked significance. To him it expresses an eruptive rock, whether occur- ing in sheets, in masses or in dikes, which is distinguished from. granite by its finer grain. and less developed crystalline structure, and from limestone and other metamorphic rocks by its fracture. The bird’s-eye porphyry of Leadville, which is a quartz felsite, is to many a type of the rocks of this kind. Ignorant as he is of scientific nomenclature, the average miner has clear ideas regarding the association. of cer- tain. rocks with deposits of ore, and that association is often a serviceable guide in this work of exploration. In California the term green- stone is used in a similar loose way, because the diabase and diorite of the main gold belt, in Calaveras, Amador: and Nevada counties, is as closely associated with the yellow metal as the por- phyry of Colorado is, with the white one. Again, the Cornish- man likes to elvan (quartz feldspar porphyry.) near his tin lodes, and the Australian looks out for lava (basalt, dolerite and limbergite at various localities ) in the vicinity of the gold reefs. In Colorado the Tertiary por- phyries are widely represented by andesites. Thus, for instance, the ore of the California-vein in Gilpin county is closely associated with the occurrence of a dike of the quartz bearing variety of andesite, usually called dacite} because’ of its prevalence in the ancient Roinan province of Dacia now Transylvania, This dike has a fairly uniform.thickness of 17 feet, and traverses the granit oid gneiss of the region at a high angle. The California lode meets the dike at 500 feet. from the sur- face, the latter forms the hanging wall down to 1,600 feet where the lode crosses the dike, so that the datter becomes its foot wall down to the bottom of the workings, at 2,190 feet. Similar‘dikes are plentiful in other mines in the same and adjoining districts. The country of the Cripple Creek veins is largely an andesite breccia. This peculiar rock oc- curs also in extensive masses;on the Hauraki or Thames gold fields in the North Island of New Zea- land, but nowhere is it developed to such an extraordinary extent as, in southwestern Colorado, where its irregular weathering is the cause of the picturesque rug- gedness of the San, Juan mount- ains.—T. A. Richard in? Western Mining World. FOR SALE. see ADDRESS.:...4 + distinction is} \Mining Claim. The following decisions were fur- nished by W. D. Harlan, land and miuing attorney of Washington, D.C. and will be fouad a source.of valuable information: < , AGRICULTURAI, OR SETTLEMENT. The sale of land after final proof, but prior to the issuance of final cer- patent, where the record shows due ‘compliance with the law. ae » COAL. No vested rights are secured through filing a coal declaratory statement,and a sale of the land thereafter by the entry, defeats his right to purchase said land, and an entry thereof made- in his name must be canceled. MINERAI,. As between a placer applicant for stone land and a purchaser under the timber and stone act, priority of asser- tion of a legal claim determines the rights of the parties. : a eh a Posting notice for 60 days sufficient if the same period is covered by p lication. * ~ Application for patent or survey may embrace several contiguous loéa- tions. cnn sical tiated ia cane STATE OF Oun10,City oF TOLEDO } : Lucas CounTY ae FRANK J. CHENEY makes oath that he is the senior partner of the firm of, F. J. Cheney & Co., doing business in. the city of Toledo, county and state, aforesaid, and that said firm will pay the sum of ONE HUNDRED DOL- LARS. for each and every case of catarrh that cannot be cured by the use of Hall’s Catarrh Cure. FRANK J. CHENEY. Sworn to before me and subscribed in my presence this 6th day of Decem- ber, A. D. 1886, ~—_ ; seat le A. W. GLEASON, ‘ Notary Public. Hali’s Catarrh Cure is taken inter- nally and acts directly on the blood and mucous surfaces of the system. Send for testimonials, free. Frank J, CHENEY & Co, Toledo, O. Sold by all druggists. ft YESawe— If you are in need of Counter Slips, Envelopes, Bill Heads, Letter Heads, Note Heads, Dodgers, Posters, Invita- tions, tickets or any kind of BOOK sno JOB WORK~— Call on or write to the Pio- Work of all kinds executed neatly neer for estimates. rates. ‘ ESTRAY NOTICE. Taken up June 1, one bay horse, branded G. B. (combined) on_ left thigh; one buckskin, no brands. Own- et caf have same by proving property and paying charges. “ ‘ Wo. BAILEY. thetefore, if we, spoke of a por. Tne PIONBER Dated Hartford, June 15, 1895. * j RBAE alist Digest of Land and Mining Decisions | tificate,.will not defeat the right to al claimants, prior to final proof and|’ and promptly at very low} Quartz Location age Location and . Water Right Location Notices For Sale At This Office / At Greatly Reduced — Prices Placer . * 7 S —RETWEEN—. _. . ° iM --AND— | Helena Wm ‘puie8=SCOCOC—~™*W Pullman omane Stecpimg Cars flegant Tacoma Dini ug Cars Seattle ‘ Pourist _ ; Portiand : yi Sleeping Cars ADAAAAAA AA AAAAAAALAA Ye: AAA ' TIME SCHEDULE. — In Effect Sunday, June 2, 1095. LEVE HELENA ‘| No. 10, Daily, except Sunday...:.-... ARRIVE HARTFORD No. 10, Daily, except Sunday........- 8:07 asm, LEAVE HARTFORD No. 9, Dailyjexcept Sunday........+« 4:30 pam. i “ARRIVE HELENA © | 4 No. 9, Daily, except Sunday.......... 3:2 p.m. For further particulars, nape. folders, rates, dete. call or write to C,.A.-ARNET, Stajiva Agent, Hartferd, Mont, ¢ A. D. EDGAR, GFNERAL AGENT, HELENA, MONTANA, Chas. S. Fee, G. P. & T. A. St. Paul, Minn. ONT CROWD J] |). suST PUS . It is just push and enterpries that has given’to the Northwest the newest and best ef Transcontinental routes, the— eveat Nerthern |The New and Right Way EAST a WEST The Great Transcontinental Route - Passengers Ticketed to— St. Paut Chicago Boston New York Phitadeiptia * Winnipeg Spokane Scattio Portiana Tacoma San Prancisce And All Other Poinis, Close Connection at Minneapdlis and St. Paul for all points Hast and South, Comfortable first-class. coaches and Palace Sleeping Cars, Tourists, Buffet, Smoking, Li- brary and Dining Care, We are agents for all . [first-class ant te Lines, and can ticket you to all Oriental and € passage arranged, TIME TABLE ‘LEAVE HELENA cidental points. Prepaid No. 24, Atlantic Express, eastbound... 10:15 pm No. 23, Pacific. Express, westbound 11:35 am Nw, 1, Butte Local, dafiy.......-.5 7:45 pm ARRIVE HARTFORD No. 1, Butte Tweal, daity ........ 606600 8120 pm. _ LEAVE HARTFORD No. 2, Batee Local, dally oi. iicicicess 10:20 am ARRIVE HELENA OY No. 24, Atlantic Express, eastbound ., 10:05 No. 2 Pacific Expres Gerben” Scape No. 2,Butte Local, daily....... ee 1105 am tickets call on or write c. Ww PITTS, ‘ City Ticket Agent. .— ©. E. DUTTON, , General Agent. HELENA; MOND. (Through Cars a Raltway Line * For sinformation, tite cards, mays awl |. j a a ‘ - €£ es ofr om mm 2 e. ~ t AL ws ~~