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DOOST,and the WORLD boosta with you; Knock, and you knock alone V 01 NO. 3 )) ./ • LL OOK the WORLD over then you will conic to Stanford for your hoiTtt silo/lawn, 'FERGUS couu tY, MONTANA, FRIDAY, MARCH 5, 1909 TER H E I lir A W 5e THE COPY , , .11. 1 I \The Most Important Legislation Enacted by the Sixtieth Congress, so far as Montana Is Concerned. - ---Senator\Jos. M. Dixon. The World Believes that the New Homestead Law. Will Prove of Inestimable Worth in the Settlement of this Portion of Montag\ Ranchmen who Have Desert Land Entries Adjoining May now Find a Way to Perfect Title President Roosevelt on February 19 signed the 320 -acre homestead bill and it became a law. The peo- ple of this section have watched the measure with anxiety since its in- troduction in congress, and knowing the merits of the i11 never ceased to have hopes that it would even- tually get through congress, although they recognized the difficult task the members of the house and the senators from the west had in over- coming the prejudice of the eastern members. The World publishes the law in full on this page. The impression gained by some that it would give a homestead right to those who had proved up on 160 . acre.s is not borne out by the provisions of the law. No one is qualified under its terms who was not before a qualified en- tryman. The effect the law will. have in this section is problematical. The goverment land in this immediate section is taken or so badly cut up with filings that but few 320 -acre tracts remain open to entry. Some distance from the railroad, however, there is yet much vacant land in quantities to permit of a 320 -acre filing, and the extja inducement will in a short time cause an influx to interior as not being, in his opinion this region. , susceptible of successful irrigation Those settlers, who, in addition to at a reasonable cost from any known their homestead entry, also entered Fsource of water supply. _ desert land tracts, and have been disappointed in successfully irriga- tng, will find in the new law a means of perfecting title.. . As the law is not effective until the lands subject thereto are desig- nated by the secretary of the inter- ior, time for a fuller understanding of its provisions is plentiful. The law reads as follows; Be it enacted Ft the senate and house of representatives of the United States of America in con- gress assembled, that any person who is a qualified entiyinan under the homestead laws y lSf the United States may enter by legal subdi- visions, under the provisions of this act, in the states of Colorado, Mon- tana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Wash- \ ing&on and Vyoming, and the terri- tories of Ar zona and New Mexico, 320 acres, of- less, of non -mineral. non -irrigable, unreserved and un- appropriated surveyed public lands which do not contain merchantable timber, located in a reasonably com- pact body, and not over one and one-half miles in extreme length. Provided, that no lands shall be sub- ject to entry under the provisions of this act until such lands have been designated by the secretary of the GEYSER CORIRESPONDENCE Local and Personal News Gathered by a Special Correspondent Frank Spencer went to the Falls buttitisky we take the liberty of Tuesday. completing it Otth: Geo. Knerr was in Great Falls' the first •Of - 0 - week. Mr. and Mrs. H. Benedict are en- tertaining Miss Lane of Otter creek Dave and Morris Beynon of Belt visited their sister, Mrs. S. C. Purdy. last week. Mr. and Mrs. Gerald Byrne have gone to housekeeping on -the 'Joe Vanden Heuvel ranch. Mrs. S C. Purdy entertained a few fciands informally last Tuesday, the occasion being Mrs. Purdy's birth- day. Dr. Cochran went to Lewistown ! last week to attend a consultation of veterinary surgeons on a complicated casc. Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Hottela went to Belt last Monday to take a sick child to the doctor. They retailed Tuesday, and reported the child very much better. Many friends of the late Jos. Van Den Heuval went to Great Falls to pay their hist tuken of regard to the departed whose funeral was held Wednesday. Washington's birthday was cel- ebrated here. All of the business places, the hotel and some of the private residences were decorated with flags, and the small boys also had to have flags. There was a dance at the Otter creek school house and also at Rankin's ranch, both of which were well attended. • (C. H. Cobb in Geiser correspon(l- ence to Great Falls Leader.)— The Stanford WOtld i5 the latest addition to the newspaper world in this county. On i15 left ear is a very neat parody on a well known Atram which runs as follows: \Boost and the World boosts with , • you; • \Knock and you knock alone.\ At the risk of being thought a \This Stanford Will seek town renown a Till the place ton city has grown.\ FIND GOLD' IN BELTS C. F.. Marten who came' to Stanford Thursday from the Little Belt mining district near this city, reports that a rich strike of gold carrying ore was made in the Marten mine there recently.. Mr ; Marten states that a new shaft was being sunk, when, at a depth of only 35 feet a large body of ore was uncovered. When 'assayctl it was found to run $30 in gold per ton. The news of the strike, at • the shallow depth caused no little excitement here, as the district has been considered valuable more for its silver and lead than gold. The ground upon which the discovery was made was located by Mr. Marten in 1889. . While the groan , \ was known to be . rich, the long freight haul made it impracticable to develop extensively. Sec. 2. That any person apply- ing to enter land under the provis- - ions of this shall make and sub- scribe before/the proper officer am. Affidavit as required by section 220 - of the revised statutes, and in ad- dition thereto shall make an affida- vit that the land sought to be en- tered is of the character describet in section one of this act, and shal !my the fees now fequired to be paid under the homestead laws. Sec. 3. That / any homestead en-' tryman of lands of the charactei herein described, upon which fina' ;woof has not been made, shall have the right to enter public lands, sub- ject to the provisions of this act, contiguous to his former entry, which shall not, ttigether With . the original exceed 320 acres and res'i- dence upon and cultivation of tile original entry shall be deemed w residence upon and cultivation ol the additional entry. Sec. 4. That the time Of making final proofs, as provided in section 2291 of tile revised statutes, the entryman under this act shall, ill addition to the proofs and the affi- davits required under the said sec- tion, prove by two creditable wit- nesses,. that at least one -eighth of the area embraced in his entry was continuously cultivated to agricul- tural crops, other than native grass- es, beginning with the second year tf the entry, and that at least one- 'ourth of the area- embraced., in the attry was so continuously cultivated )eginning with the third year of the entry. Sec. 5. That nothing herein con- - itined shall be held to affect the -45,11t of a qualified entryntni to nake homestead entry in the states tamed in section 1 of this act under :he provisions of Section 2289 of the - evised statutes, but no person who 'ias made entry under this act shall )e entitled to make homestead entry mder the provisions of said section, and no entry • made Under this act iliAlLbe-oointnuted. 6. That whenever the secre- tary of the ite,*( .. .x shall find that traddi - Of - land in the - state - of - Judi, subject, to - entry under- this act, do not have upon them a suffi- cient supply of water for domestic purposes as would make continuous residence on the lands possible, he may, in his discretion, designate such tracts of land, not to exceed in the aggregate 2,000,000 acres, and thereater they shall be subject to entry under this act without the necessity of residence; provided, that in such event the entryman on any such entry shall in good faith culti- vate not less than one-eighfrof the entire entry during the second year, one-fourth during the third year, and one-half during the fourth and fifth years after the, date of such entry and that after entry until final proof the entryman shall reside within such distance Of said land as will enable him successfully to farm the same as required by this section. , Senator Dixon, in an interview concerning the enactment of the law and its provisions, is quoted as follows: - In my opinion the final enact- ment of the 320 -acre homestead !law on non-irrloble and non -tim- bered land is the most inmorrlilt piece of legislation, so' far as Moil- (alma is concerned, tlu t has been en- acted during the sixt eth congress. I commenced the a itation for a larger dry-fartn homestead four years ago when in the house, by the introduction of a 640 -acre home- stead bill, applicable to Montana alone. Later Senator Smoot and , Representative Mondell introduced I similar bills for tiller states, Utah 111(1 Wyinning, limiting the area to '320 acres. At the hennaing of the sixtieth congress. eighteen months ago, I re-introdueed the 610 -acre dry farm bill in the senate, applica- ble to Montana alone, which was favorably reported by senate corn- ' !Mace on public lands. Senator Smoot's bill for a 320 -acre home- stead, with a provision for non-resi- dence,of the homesteader, was\ also reported, Montana being _exempted from its provisions, for the reason that I did not believe we wanted any non-resident homesteaders in Mon- tana. Mr. Mondell's bill was also favorably reported in the house at that time. There was some objec- tions by eastern members and some from a few of the western members to the general idea of a larger home- , stead. In order to overcome these objections and get unanimity of n('ti,(11 among the members, a con- ference was held a year ago, attend- ed by about fifteen senators and menther.; of the house, at which an agreement was reached on the pro- visions Of the present law as the best compromise iiossible. The pres- ent act permits of non -residence homesteads only in the state of Utah, where on account of the lack of water even for domestic purposes I it is impossible for the entryman to live on the land. \In may judgment, the enactment of this law will rapidly fill eastern - Montana with new settlers. In the experiments with dry land farming it has been demonstrated that with a rainfall of only 10 or 12 inches, - by cultivating the soil every year before planting, to crop only every other year, a great yield of all the grain crops can be had. Even with the 320 -acre dry farming homestead the new settler will not have the same advantages as did the early settlers who got 160 acres of land that could be irrigated.\ THE TOWN AND COUNTY Lively News of the Plietropohtan City and Imperial County Neil Dawson is again quite ill with inflammatory rheumatism after having been able to be about for several days. Jas. A. Weaver, of the real estate firm of Weaver ik Bebb, was in town THIN STORE WILL APPRECIATE YOUR PATRONAGE Stanford 1\A erca - ,n iile Compan DEALERS IN GENERAL MERCHANDISE OF EVERY DESCRIPTION How inb Whito Pine, Western Pine and Larch from Montana's Famous Forests in the Flathead. CedatiSiding, Shingles and Fir Flooring from Coast Mills Quality Just a Little Better If You Want the Best Buy from Us Call on Us. We are headquarters for Lumber [a rd Merca i1e Corripa ny STANFORD, MONTANA this week and contracted with Tim Lally for.41 .... r erection of an office building on - the lot recently pur- (based by the firm adjoining the drug store. Mr. Lally at once com- menced construction work. and th' ',tincture is now towering toward the sky. Geo. Wentworth is assist- ing. J. C. Plana, of the real estate firm n of Plumb 13, Wilson, agents for' the Stanford townsite company, was in Stanford a couple of days this week' and while here, among 'other transactions, purchased a quarter section of fine agriculture land from A. H. Ross. Mr. Plumb states that their offices here will soon be opened for business an , the camplign will be gingered up. William Geesey of Kibby, was in . Stanford Monday with a bunch of horses numbering 27 head. The horses were being taken to Lewis- town where they will be placed on the inarket. Mr. Gee4ey is an old- time friend of our popular towns- man, John W. Leslie of the Stanford livery, and made his headquarters there during his stay in town. The market for horses in . the . Judith basin was never better. . Away up toward the mountains from Stanford there is building a happy home for some young lady wild is fond of good society, moun- tain scenery, rosy-cheeked children and baking flapjacks. Floyd Skel- ton has just finished building a handsome house on his homestead I near Wolf Butte and announced his perfect willingness to take the 32nd degree by joining the benedicts. The requisite chartns of the lady . who is wanted to preside over the home and present a milling coun- , tenance by the evetide fireside are not all enumerated, but it is pre- sumed the most of the conventional ones will be waived if the lady does not (Meet to kindling a blaze in Ow morning grate ,7•1' '