The Stanford World (Stanford, Mont.) 1909-1920, October 30, 1909, Image 1

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S TANFORD Is the Com- mercial Metropolis of the richest country on earth VOL. 1 NO. 37 THE STANT01 $2.00 THE YEAR W ort v STANFORD, FERGUS COUNTY, MONTANA, SATURDAY, , OCTOBER 30, MO ), T HE WORLD is published in a veritable paradise for ranchmen and investors $2.00 THE YEAR 5C THE COPY A RECORD ATTENDANCE AT BIJ[111 1lifNG FARMERS CONGRESS Gallant Fight to Change Name Is Made by Hill The agitation which has been going on for some months for the change of name of the congress, the elimination of the word \dry\ from the title, culminated Wednes- day motning in a fierce struggle on the floor of the convention. The mat- ter was briefly touched upon during the afternoon session Tuesday, but was allowed to go over after an agreement was reached to make the question a special order for the morning session. Louis W. Hill took the floor on Wednesday moring, and very ably recited the facts of the serious handicap which the name of \Dry Land Farming\ congress placed on the work of the railroads in their efforts to colonize Montana. The farmers of the eastern and central states, he said, were frightened by the title given the association and would not take the trouble or the time to investigate the theories ad- vanced. \Montana is not an arid or even a semi -arid country, as her crop reports show,\ he said. Opposed to Mr. Hill was every collelge professor and theorist in the hall, who pointed to the success of the congress under its present title, forgetting that the country and not the congress was what practical men were seeking to aid. „ Although he lost the fight, Hill was supported by everyone pos- sessed of any experience in secur- ing settlers for Montana. FATZNI LOANS Money always on hand for long time loans on improved farms in the Judith Basin. Terms reasonable. BRA SSEY & STACK LEWISTOWN, MONTANA 1878 1909 Bank of:Fergus County Lewistown, Montana Is thoroughly equipped to extend to its Customers every facility in Banking. WE ISSUE: Drafts, Money Orders, Travellers' Checks Letters of Credit ---Domestic and Foreign SAFETY DEPOSIT BOXES FOR RENT 1 887 1909 NFORD Half Way Between Shelby Junction and Billings The City of DESTINY Catch the Idea Get in on the Ground Floor by Buying Lots Now [ Stanford Townsite Co, night and from night until morning—their lives were in danger from hostile savages and their camp was guarded by United States troops, and it took a great deal of faith to build in those days; and long weary years of waiting and years of fail- ure ensued, and now we look down on the Northern Pacifie and sees marvelous rail- road, well equipped on a fine track from end to end, and we are apt to forget it is the result of three or four failures. You had not the people. You might put a railroad in tne Garden of Eden, and if there was no body there but Adam and Eve it would, be a }Snare. Now, it is easy to build a railroad in Montana and you want a good many miles of railroad that you have not now, if I may just speak a work of advice. be good neighbors to your railroad, and de- pend upon it they will be good neighbors to you because before they can get one dollar of profit or get it out of your pro- ducts, you have got to earn it and pay for it, and they would no more injure you and they would no more destroy your power to produce, than the father of a good family would destroy or impair the strength or health of his children. You are not our children but we are in the same boat with you and we have got to prosper with you Or be poor with you. And the development of the west In the past; let us relegate it to the past, and the development that we are more concerned with today is the development of the west in the future and in the very near future. The time hascome in this conutry when every acre of land should and will be oc- cupied and men will crowd each other to get on the land. If we increase our population as it has Increased, or even at a lower ratio, we would have to figure on exactly 700,000 emigrants per annum, and we have not had a year since 1902 that it has not ex- ceeded that, and some years it has run as high as 1,250,000 or more; but take it at 700,000 and with the natural increase to CAREY LANDS The Great Northern Railway Company Takes a Remarkable Interest in the Gathering and James J. and L. W. lull Are Prominent in the Deliberations of the Congress Montana Senators Participate --Speech of Jas. J. Hill T HE Fourth Dry Land Farming congress convened at Billings on Monday and from every point of view, the meeting, which terminated on Thursday evening, was a pronounced and phenomenal success; the attendance was larger than that enjoyed by any previous condress: the fruit, grain, vegetable and im- plement displays were said to have been the most varied and complete ever seen in the west; the congress was attended by more notable persons than any preceding one; more foreign countries were represented than ever before, and the benefits derived are unquestionably without a pirate' in the history of like meetings. Tuesday forenoon apaches were made by Hon. P. B. Moss, Senator Joseph M. Dixon and Chairman James J. Hill or the Great Northern board of direetors. The congress was organized, Governor Edwin L. Norris, as president of the congress, was the presiding officer. Addresses were made at the afternoon and evening ses- sions by Russia's representative, Senator Moses Clapp of Minnesota, and others of international renown. The following:morning considerable time was taken up in the adoption of the report of the executive com- mittee, which included the retention of the word \dry\ in the title of the organization. In the afternoon Louis W. Hill addressed the congress on the productiveness of Montana, his talk being illustrated with charts, showing the state to have a far greater yield per acre of &reels than any in the union. and not equaled by any foreign country except Belgium. Senator Carter of Montana made the principal address at the evening session, and was received with applause by the delegates and visitors. Campbell, the father of dry land farming, was present throughout the meeting and made several addresses. The people of Billings did themselves proud in the matter of entertainment and accommodations were furnished the vast throng seemingly without effort. Easily the most important address of the entire con- gress was that of Jas. J. Hill, grand patriarch of the railroad world, which was in part as follows: I feel more at home in a farmers' crowd than I do anywhere else. Although not a member of the 'Methodist church, I have attended it a great many times, and there Is one thing I learned. They all reserve the privi'ege of talking back, and I, like them, feel that I have the privilege and as long as I can hang on to it I hope to do it. The development of the west is too big a subject for us to handle today, but we may cover many points. It began with the fur trade. Later the discovery of gold led adventurous spirits to the Rocky mountains from beyond the Carib° district to Mexico. I remember when the first ex- pedition to Montana was turned back by the hostile Indians somewhere west of the Missouri river. The next year they found their way through, and I am not one of them who want to bury the old- timers. I have the greatest respect for them. The women who sat in the stage • coaches all the way from Corine to Helena were angels. Some of you may not know where C,orine is; it is down near Snit Lake; It was the jumping off place: Later, when the placer gold mines gave way to silver and copper, Montana prob- ably as much as any other of the mineral states, showed a development, until today of all the states in this country Montana stands in the front in the production of CONTEST THE some of the minerals within her border, and It has served a good purpose, it is serving its good purpose, because it en- abled those who came here to pay higher prices, to pay if necessary 92 a sack for Gov. Norris Notifed of Pro - flour. You could not have lived in the country if you had to make your living off ceedings to Be Started the cultivation of the soil at, that time. by United States Later the Northern Pacific railway was - — built through the northwest. The men Impunging the integrity of the who worked on the line from morn till the state of Montana in the conduct 1950, we would have over 200.000.000 people. Now where will they go and what will they do? People sometimes say I am a pessimist. I am not. I have full con- fidence that our country today with not to exced 30 people to the spuare mile. can support and support well ISO. or five times our present populatioa,and then we sould not be crowded. Our state of Rhode Is- land, which is largely a manufacturing state, and the home of the great states- man Senator Akirich (laughter) has about 425 to the squre mile. The average of Connecticut and Massachusetts is greater. Now, we need not be afraid that we can- not take care of these people, and I am not afraid but what we will, and they wiU have to take care of themselves; tint my anxiety Is how they will be taught Will they wait until an empty stomach and absolute hunger drives them to do right? Or will they take it up like intelligent men with forethought and follow a line that will lead them to success. The study of modern scientific agricui- lure is a comparatively new study Your agricultural college and that of every other state, is in touch with all the agri- cultural educational institutions in the world, and everything that they love of one of its Carey land act projects, the Dearborn, in the northern part of the state, United States Attorney General Wickersham has written to Gov. Edwin L. Norris, says a Helena special to the Great Falls Tribune, advising him that the department of the interior has requested the at- torney general's office to institute proceedings for the recovery of IL: - 104 acres, the proceedings being based upon reports of a special agent of the general land office Replying to the attorney general the governor assigns two reasons why the project has not been com- pleted, first the panic of 1907, and second the floods of 1908, which washed out the main dam. He asks that another examination of the land in question be math. and if, this cannot be done, that the state be given time to refute the charges of the special agent, who the gover- nor writes, admitted to Helena peo- ple that his examination hail only been of a superficial character If the action is brought it must be in the supreme court of the United States, as it is the tribunal having jurisdiction in cases against a 'sovereign state. E. G. Worden, lawyer. First Nat:0nel 'Bank block, Both phones 127. Ley, i“,iwn, Montana. If you appreciate good good , I the buffet at the Hotel Stanford ill The World anywhere in North America, for $2.00 the year demonstrated there is beyond question common property of all. Modern scientific agriculture calls for as high an order of intelligence as any other science. N to go back to your two hundred millions of people and we are going to see how we are going to take i care of them. With us in this country the average con- sumption per capita is six and a half bushels of wheat, but since the high prices of meat we find throughout the bread eating nations the quantity neces- sary for bread and seed has increased The higher prices of meat threw a greater burden on bread and butler. Last year we exported 88,000,000 bushels of wheat, or 38,000.000 bushels more than we had to spare. What was the consequence? When my farmer neighbors in Minnesota were selling their wheat at 80 and 90 cents, I told my man to keep on plowing and I would not sell until spring. I got o dollar and a quarter for mine. They got, I hope, a little experience. It has served them this year. they are not rushing their wheat to market, although the Great Northern railway is taking from 800,000 to a 1.000.000 bushels a day to market. and some of you men think they are hold- ing the grain, but the people who are watching the source of supply under the law of supply and demand, when they see one road carrying a million bushels a day are apt to conclude there is not going to be any shortage and he can wait. Farm- ers want to be very careful while they are marketing their crops leisurely, not to carry it so far that 1101110 fellow down in the southern hemisphere, it may be Aus- tralia, it may be Argentine, will raise a crop that he is planting about this time. and have it on the market along side of him before they sell theirs. In 1907 I was looking those figures up with care, anti I went back 25 years In 1882, we had nearly 52,000.000 people and raised 504,000,000 bushels of wheat and exported over 200,000,000 bushels of wheat anti got a very low price. In 1907 we raised 634,000,000 bushels of wheat. Dur- ing that 25 years our population increas- ed Si per cent and our wheat yield 25. Converging lines meet in the angle of con- vergence and thaw lines meet perilously near. Each year the country requires 15,000,- 000 bushels of wheat more than the pre- ceding year. In five years that Is 75,000,- 000 bushels. I know I was not talking at randum when I said that within ten years we would become a non exporting country unless we change our methods. Now you have in Montana an area of land susceptible of good cultivation. Ill. not necessary that you should have irri- gation, but where a man with Intelligent, methods and industry can make himself comfortable and support his family in in- dependence, you have an area (you may think I dm not pessimistic this time), equal to the state of Iowa that can be cultivated. . Now, there are 280,000,000 of acres in I four northwestern states, Montana, Idaho, Washington and Oregon, and I think I am safe in saying that 90,000,000 acres--cer- , tainiy over 75,000,000, is today susceptible , 1 of good cultivation, good intelligent culti- vation, and will give results that will sur- prise us. Now, if Montana can raise, as she 410OS, about twice the average yield of all the agricultural states, in wheat and grain, why is not Montana to be classed as a farming state? But be careful of your farming. Be careful to get your farmers started right. Pay a little attention to the quality of your settlers. When you want people to come in and when you want to boost for Montana, or for any of the states west of here, do your boosting , h in orn, in ep b ro u p s er e woy—no ss amount of the 'tin Northern Montanans the Guests on Special Train One of the pleasant incidents for many of the northern Montana vis- itors at the congress was the trip to and from the Magic City on board the Hill private train as guests of the president of the Great Northern system. The train was made up of five sleepers, a diner and an obser- vation car. The trait' left St. Paul with a party of Twin City and Du- luth prominent men aboard. At Culbertson the first of the Montana guests joined the party, anti from each town of importance along the line the company was augmented by new members. When the train reached Stanford at 8:30 Tuesday it contained a galaxy of one himdred and fifty men who have played no small part in the development o Montana. The guests from the Judith Basin were A. J. Stough and Dudley Axtell of Stanford; S. E. Peterson of Hobson, and S. J. Small of Judith Gap: The party was entertained on the train during its stay at Billings. Up- on arrival the train was met by a reception committee and escorted to the Babcock theatre, headed by the Second Regiment military band. Returning, the train left Billings at 7 o'clock p. in., Thursday, and ar- rived in Stanford at midnight. In an informal speech to the guestshir lull stated the trip would be annual. MONEY TO LOAN On Improved Farms If you want to borrow money we can give it to you the same day you apply for it C. E. Shoemaker & Company SOO Main Street Lewistown, Montana. .N T E 1 , 4. :11 1 ' Is the greatest incentive towards saving money When you find your money is earning something you feel more like saving. Interest \works while you sloop.\ We pay interest on saving accounts front $1.00 up and on certificates of deposit for six or twelve months' time. Absolute safety, liberality and courtesy our watch -word. The First National Bank OF LEWISTOWN, MONTANA Hotel Stanford Best Hotel on Billings & Northern Railway. Handsome Three -Story Building. Forty-one Steam Heated Rooms. Neatly Furnished Through- out. All Guests Courteously Treated Headquarters for Commercial Men When Making the Great Judith Basin Territory Richly Appointed Buffet in Connection EDWA RDS & BAUMGARTNER PROPRIEToRS Great Ti otel. GREAT FALLS MONTANA FITZGERALD tk FOSTER,, Proprietors EUROPEAN PLAN A First -Class Cafe Connected

The Stanford World (Stanford, Mont.), 30 Oct. 1909, located at <>, image provided by MONTANA NEWSPAPERS, Montana Historical Society, Helena, Montana.