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THE STANFORD WORLD. BRAZIL WILL SEND ARMY TO FIGHT IN WORLD WAR EXPEDITIONARY FORCE OF 800,000 MEN NOW TRAINING TO BE SENT TO FRANCE, AS DEMONSTRATION OF HER ANCIENT FRIENDSHIP FOR THE UNITED STATES; ARMY OF EQUAL SIZE WILL BE TRAINED AND KEPT AT HOME FOR EMERGENCIES; PEOPLE SUPPORTING THE MOVEMENT. Quebec.—Brazil is going to make a substantial demonstration of her ancient friendship for the United States by sending a strong army, to fight side by side with the soldiers of the country which, when elle threw off the yoke of Portugal, gave her recognition that enabled her to finance the organization of the great republic of South America. This is the mes- sage that Sir John Aird, president of the Canadian Bank of Commerce, brings back from Rio de Janeiro. The Brazilian congress has given the war minister of Brazil practi- cally a free hand as to the size of the army that will be sent, but the im- pression is that fully 300,000 mon will constitute the fighting force that Is to go abroad, while an equal number of men will be trained and kept at home for emergencies. The army is being raised by voluntary enlist- \ „ few days. meet and the young men of that country are enlisting with an enthusiasm Bozeman E. J. Owenhouse, who that bodes well for the kindly feeling that has always existed between the has been in the hardware business two republics. The newspapers, particularly those supporting the government, are in this city since 1880 has sold hjg interests here and will confine his SILVER CAMP OF giving the project wholehearted support, and the people generally ap- future activities to the Owenhouse prove of the undertaking. It is felt that not only will it afford Brazil an „ opportunity to repay with interest the substantial support that has arays garage. Butte—More than a score of worn - accrue to Brazil, in being the first nation among the Latin republics of local street car company for jobs. • South America to send an invading army to Europe will make the expodi- They want to go to work as motin- pm \ 011, WHITE METAL tion well worth while. eers and conductors. ii IGli Glendive—The local school was i , MEANS PROSPERITY FOR Nr OMegialls Will Blind Ships in the world. Vessels built in these the first in the northern district to: GHOST CI T Y New York.-- Norwegian shipping yards will be armed in Norway. , respond to the reqttest of the ited ; • Interests in the United States have Cross that school children make fur - acquired acquired a tract of land in Curtailment New Jer- Curtament of Passenger Service soy for one of the largest shipyards Washington. — Director - General niture for that organization. Pro,pcoors 'ho Have held Their McAdoo has ordered curtailment of Washington. ---- Urgent requests transcontinental passenger schedules front allied governments for early de- . front Chicago west, effective June 2, livery of Liberty motors are being ; to save 11,728,000 train miles a met. Shipments have already been year. Curtailment, with reductions made to Great Britain. The British! previously made, is expected to save government, it is said, has been press- • about $18,000,000 a year. Similar ing for thousands of motors for Brit- curtailment is being worked out foe ish machines. French are asking for southwestern territory. About 35,- and will receive engines by July 1.! 000,000 train miles already have Output of Liberty motors in April. been saved in the eastern district. was greater than that of any foreign' motor, with possible exception of one French Summary of Ships Lost 130 horde power type motor used in . Paris.—The total of allied shipping destroyed in the first four months of 1918 is tolaced by George Leygues, French minister of marine, at 1,262,- Washington. — President Wilson 345 tons. At that rate sinkings for has informed the senate that it must the year would be 3,700,000 tons, or pass the suffrage measure as a duty. less than the amount which the ship- ping hoard plans for America alone. Adding British, French and Japanese output, the allies should gain 2,000,- 000 tons, exclusive of Dutch requisi- tions. THE STATE. J . \QG\ Extra Strong Granaries THIS DESIGN IN FIVE GOOD SIZES O (1 No. 8.30-12x16 1,200 Bushels 11 Ii No. 851-14:18 1,500 Bushels ii li No, 1132-16x20 2,000 Bushels ea 11 No, 8.13-10,21 2,500 Bushels O 0 No. 834-16x28 3,000 Bushels Bargain Prices --Buy Now --Save Money This plvture shows the design If a granary wisteh a• have In five sixes. We have sold hundreds and hundreds of them and every roan who owns one is satisfied. The smaller can be built on adds so that it C.4.1 he moved any place. This granary anaOlit Ye strong Ye Isottle- ship. 11 has 2o$ fluor Joists, Sod studs, clear lumber throughout, best In the world, and we guara,nla* to fur- nish enough material to complete the building. WO at,.. furnish all the hardware and include enough \ 4 / 6 . palm for (14'0 coats. Every cubic foot of this gruaary is sand for storing grain. Ton won't make a mistake if yron build this granary and you will get a lot for year money. IF THIS DESIGN DOES NOT MEET TOR It RE- QUIKEIRENTS SEE NEXT WEEK'S AD. Rogers -Templeton Lumber Co. CASTLE REVIVES been given that country by the United States, but tho prestige that will France. Must Pass Suffrage Bill DAISY FLY KILLER placed anywhere, at - trials and kills On flies. Neat, elean,or.. namental, ,hetio. Lasts all 1.01.11011. Made of toetal,can't Will or tIP over; will not soil or injore anything-. anranteett effe,nse. soldtyasahr• orasent prepaal tor it HAROLD 'SOY Eft VI Ken , avease. Brooklyn. N.Y. • Genuine comfort if • you ask for and 6c+_ Martha Washh‘gton Comfort Shoes Beware of Imitations— name and trade -mark stamped on the sole. F. Mayer Boot &Shoe Co m pany tiONORBILT Milwaukee, Wis. BOOKS! BOOKS! BOOKS! \THE PHANTOM HERD\ One of the greatest books written by Lt. M. flower A thrilling story of the Happy Family In the moving picture game. A bargain at 60 cents while they last. Order by Mail at once. Post- age 10 centa extra. EXTRA WAR SPECIAL \HOLDING TIIE LINE\ By Sergeant Harold Baldwin, of the First Division, Canadian Expedi- tionary Forces. HOW THE MEN FROM CANADA'S PRAIRIES FOUGHT AT VPREM Outgunned, outnumbered, their trenches leveled by thedurions can- nonade; a hurricane of Shot and shell sweeping over them; men dropped by the hundred—yet the Use held and saved the world. This Is the *tory told in \Holding the Line.\ It Is a book full of sivld pictures of training ramp life; of trench life; of heroism and self-snerifice. It Is filled with observations about sari. ous phases of the war and the men on the line—what they think, how they feel, and their philosophy of life. This book is Just off the press and is the aensation of the year In war literature. $1.50 and 10 cents for postage. We have on hand always n com- plete line of the new books, as well as the old standard works. Send for our list Issued monthly. MEE STATIONERY CO. GREAT FALLS, MONT, Or— Or— McDowell Co. B. E. Calkins Co. Billings, Mont. Butte, Mont Because of Those Ts:With London. --..Berlin has warned the U-boats by wireless not to return to Ostend or Zeebrugge, but to Heligo- land Bight ports. From this it is believed that the British raids ef- fectively blocked the two first -named bases. The British have also laid Immense mine fields in the routes to the Heligoland WA ports. Schwab Will Speed Up Shipbuilding Washington — Director - General Schwab of the Emergency Fleet Cor- poration says it is hoped to speed up the government's shipbuilding program by at least 50 per cent and possibly 60 per cent. This will mean considerable enlargement of present plants and building of larger vessels than were originally planned. Two present disturbing questions, Mr. Schwab said, are fuel and transporta- tion. Many German Planes Lost London.—One of the principal rea- sons for delay in resumption of the German offensive in the fact that the enemy has been so blinded by the extraordinarily successful work of the allied airmen during the past few weeks that it has become practically impossible for him to complete his plans. His recent losses Include 700 of his beet pilots. For some time past, it is said, not a single enemy observation plane has been able to cross the allied lines. Lack of means of observation is thought to be caus- ing the enemy to hesitate to engage forces as to whose strength and dis- position he Is Ignorant. SCHWAB WILL TURN OUT FOUR BIG SHIPS DAILY Production of three to four 10,000 - ton ships a day is the dream of Charles M. Schwab, director-general of the Emergency Fleet Corporation. He told the members of the national committee of the League to Enforce Peace that things in the shipbuilding lino are going along with a vim and that every month would show a big increase in the output of ves- sels. \This war depends upon Ships,\ said Mr. Schwab. \We are called upon now to produce between 8,000,- 000 and 10,000,000 tons of ships. Great as this may seem, I have no hesitancy in saying that you will be astonished by the ability of the Uni- ted States to build ships. \During this month we will place Into the service one 10,000 -ton ship every day.\' ' The first ship made under the new plan of assembling fabricated parts. Mr. Schwab concluded, will be ready for launching in 15 days. Women like to say that they mar- ried for love. But the truth of the matter is that a lot of them married for a meal ticket. 'Sapolio doing its work. Scouring for U.S.Marine Corps recruits. . 0 04,001. 0 .1iN e\ Si‘ ORO Oittis ga Join Now! APPLY AT ANY POST OFFICE for SERVICE UNDER THIS Mon who wear this emblem are U.S. MARINES 'EMBLEM Augusta—Oscar 'Wallin was taken Into custody hero after he had made alleged pro -German remarks. Geyser—Nearly $1.500 was raised for the Red Cress here at an Honor day celebration. Livingston—The twenty-third an- nual convention of the Montana Ep- worth league will . be held in this city from June 19 to 23. —Culbertson—Business mea of this city and county and also of Richland county, are planning to hold a stock show here the latter part of June. Only pure-bred stock will be shown. Bozeman—Fifteen young women will graduate front the home econo- mics department of the state college here in June. A number have al- ready been placed as teachers of home economics in high schools. Gr i at: Fi t ils—I. IV. Irish lighted a match in Its endeavor to locate a gasor ne tank in a darkened garage. The explosion that followed burned Malt so severely that he died within en have applied at the offices of the Nlissoula—Keniteth Rolls, general manager of the 'lumber interests of the Anaconda Copper conipany has been asked by John it. Ryan to ten- der his services to the federal air- craft board. He has done so. Bozeman — Twenty-three slackers have been arrested in Gallatin county since the draft law went into effect. Six others were arrested in other parts of the country, there being 29 slackers in all in this county. Butte—Through a modification of a recent decree of the United States Circuit court the Butte and Superior Mining company will have to pay the Minerals Separation, Ltd., several hundred thousand dollars. Verona—Private Christian Soren- son, Company A, 16th United States Infantry and a native of this place, has been taken prisoner on the west- ern front and is now confined in Prussia. Be is probably the first Montana man to be captured. Winifred — The three -months -old baby of Mr. and Mrs. J. G. Glary was burned to death when two four -year - old children In the house, playing with matches, set fire to some cloth- ing. The parents were away at the time. Missoula—Eleven students of for- estry at the state college will soon leave for the woods where they will spend the summer. The students are completing their studies earlier than usual through some intensive work In the class rooms. Choteau—Business men of the) city tdok over two saloons one day this week and mixed the drinks they served. The proceeds of the day were turned over to the Red Cross. Numerous other places of business gave one day's receipts. Helena—Horace Ensign of Salt Lake City has been chosen to suc- ceed R. S. Skinner as secretary of the Montana State Fair. Skinner has gone to Great Falls to accept 'the secretaryship of the Commercial club in that city. Great Falls—Students who attend the junior high school next fall will spend more time in school than will those who attend the grade or high schools. Through a referendum vote parents decided that the students should do all of their studying while at school. Through the new order, there will be no home study. Helena—Neill (Foghorn) McDon- ald, former representative in the state legislature from Granite county, Is one of the veterans sent to this country to assist in the Red Cross drive. McDonald went across with the first Canadian contingent in 1914 and has risen from the ranks until he is now a major and wears many decorations for bravery. SCHOOL FUNDS INVESTED IN AGRICULTURAL LOANS The report of Sidney Miller, re- gister of state lands, made to the state board of land commissioners, shows that more the_ half of the in- vestments of funds belonging to the different school funds made in April were in farm loans. During that month there were made 132 farm loans, aggregating $289,460. The aggregate of the loans made was $603,535. In addition to the 'farm loans, $200,000 was invested in the Third Liberty loan, and the remain- der in school bonds. In April, 140 farm loans were ac- cepted by applicants and recorded. aggregating $318,750. In the same month 156 farm loans were approved by the state board, aggregating $376,050. The total of the farm loans made by the state up to April 80 is $1,666,056.61. The largest amount, $1.466,887 36, wan in the common echool fund. He estimates that the amount of money on hand available for investineat is $300,000 in excess a pending applications for farm loans. There were pending on May 15, 463 applications for farm leant', amounting to $1,358,200. Thirty-eight of these applhations are in the hands of the state land agent for appraisal, and the mortgages for about 200 are partially completed. The War Conference Chas. D. Greenfield, secretary, of the state council ;A defense, says (he war conference, whleh Will he held in Helena May 28 and 29, will bring together many persons engaged in war activities, and promises to be a meeting of importance. George B. Chandler will represent the national council of defense at the conference. The conference will be open to all who care to attend. Properties for Quarter of Century About to Conte Into Their Reward; Castle Once to Town of 2,000 In- habitants. The old silver camp of Castle ; which was practically legislated out of commission by congressional laws which destroyed the market for silver in 1892 is about to be rehabilitated. The hills about the place are rich in silver leads and the high price of the white metal means resumption of work in many of the old properties. Mine owners who have held on to their properties for the past 25 years are about to come into their reward. Mrs. Nellie B. Kertz has written an interesting history of the old town, which, in part, is as follows: The first prospect in wkat is now the Castle mining district was dis- covered by George P. Robinson, an old hunter and trapper, in 1877. He called it the \Eclipse\ and it is lo- cated on the ridge between Robinson and Hensley- creeks. Rich copper ore was found here lying on top of the ground, assays of which gave a return of 30 per cent copper with so o gold 1( 21 and silver. In the summer .4f 1885 F. L. Hensley of Rapids o the Yel- lowstone came in here prospecting and located \The Belle of the Cas- tles\ on the slope west of Hensley creek, which creek was named after him. A short time later he located \The Copper Queen,\ which is near \The Bell.\ The next year, joined by his brothers, he discovered what is now the \Cumberland which proved to be one of the richest mines in the camp. That same year the \Cumberland\ was bonded by sev- eral prominent capitalists, among whom were: T. Ash and R. J. King of Billings, Dave Folsom, Len Lewis and others of White Sulphur Springs. They put in machinery, sunk a shaft 600 feet, developing large ore bod- ies, from which over a million dollars was taken. From this date people began to flock in and hundreds of claims were located. In July, 1886, ' George Higgins, C. Chapin and It. Lewis came in from Wicks and locat- ed the \Great Eastern,\ the \T. V. Powderly\ and the \Jumbo\ claims. All of these shipped large quantities of ore. Town of Castle In the summer of 1887 the town of Castle was platted; also Robinson, four miles north of Castle, and Black Hawk, six miles north. Among the progressive mine owners who operat- ed at Robinson in 1887 were E. P. Sydam of the \California\ mine and Henry Kertz of the \Iron Chief.\ This mine was developed by a shaft 300 feet deep and cross -cuts and drifts amounting to 700 feet. Mr. Kertz employed 20 men and installed machinery costing $10,000. Numer- ous other small properties working from three to ten men in the vicinity of Robinson, and the Smith brothers of Black Hawk, who operated two steam hoists on their claims, and the \Judge\ mine worked by White Sul- phur Springs people, also using steam hoists, caused these little burgs to spring forth like mushroom growth, Robinson boasting a population of 600 and Black Hawk 300. When the Smelter Built In 1888 the Hensley boys built a smelter to work the ores from the \Yellowstone\ mine, which they dis covered, and many other small ore - bearing prospects were found and worked in the vicinity of Castle. From 1889 to 1893 Castle was at its best and had a population of over 2,000 people. It was no un- common sight in those days to wake in the morning and see dozens of new tents which had been set up during the night, their owners having come silently in with their families and all their worldly chattels to start right in and help make one of the liveliest little towns in the west. Buildings were in rapid construc- tion, but there were never enough to house them all. Enterprise of every sort sought this enlivened mountain spot, and nothing of which the larger cities boasted escaped the eyes of these energetic newcomers. Freight teams of eight to twelve horses lined the streets and were moving back knd forth daily from Castle to the railroad at Livingston. The ore and bullion not smelted here was hauled to Livingston, a distancc of 65 miles and shipped east. Im- mense ore wagons drawn by 10 to 12 - horse teams were used for this pur- pose. . Palmy Days of Castle Those were palmy days and flour- ishing times tot Castle and adjoin- ing towns, Its prosperity spread to include the nearby ranches. The \More\ ranch, two miles from town. supplied it with milk, butter and Other good things to cat, as well as the finest hay and pasture for the town cows and horses here. The fine school building, banks, stores and beautiful residences were a source of pride to all. The well laid out streets, the waterworks system and level green lawns deceived one into think- ing it an eastern city instead of a quickly built-up village amid the pines. But our lawmakers heeded not this affluence, for the lowering of the price of silver in 1892 was a cruel blow. In 1895 the old \Jaw Bone\ rail- road built a spur ,from Summit to within one mile of town. This ter- minus was called \Leadboro\ and a hotel and depot were erected there, but were not long-lived. The rail- road removed its equipment later and stages wete and still are employed to carry mail, passengers and freight to and from the station on the new Milwaukee road only eight miles away. Many of the sons still own tho claims here that their fathers worked and of late much interest is being taken in reopening and develop- ing long kilo works. Prospects of Revival The \Eclipse now the \Copper Top,\ shows rich copper veins, from which ore has been recently shipped. New prospects are being opened up and companies formed. Some old- ; timers will come back and many new Ipeople come, who will establish • a !permanent prosperity in these metal - laden hills. No wildcatting, only earnest effort for the upbuilding of their beautiful mountain home and the supplying of ores to our needy government. With -a tender memory of the once famous Castle mining camp and the hope that it's life and usefulness may return again in the near future, I have written you these few facts concerning its past triumphs and its future outlook. May Exempt Miners Helena.—In order not to deplete the ranks of the miners in the Butte district, Provost Marshal General Crowder will further reduce draft calls on Butte to the actual number of men available. Last call required Montana to furnish 2,038 men, with Silver Bow county called upon for 251 men front a list of 166 avail- able in class 1. In the city of Butte, wherein practically all of the popula- tion of Silver Bow county is located, the call is for 463 men with only about 800 qualified. Austria on Peace London.—Anstro-Hungarian For- eign Minister Count Burton said re- cently: \We are now on the outlook for peace, though without wishing to bind ourselves by definite and res- trictive formulas.\ INSURE YOUR INCOME Security Income Defense Complete protection against loss of time caused by permanent, ternparar or partial disability resulting from accident or illness, issued to men is all - ettpationa at the following rates, age limit 10 to 50 years: Permanent Monthly Monthly Benefit Disability from PREMIUM. Sickness Accident While In Sickness or Seidl - Benefit Benefit Hospital Accident Annually Annually i 541.00 $ 60.00 $ 75.00 71.00 75.00 112.r,o 100.00 100.00 irx000 150.00 150.00 225.00 $1,200.00 1,800.00 2,400.00 3,600.00 $30.00 $13.00 41.00 22.10 60.00 30.00 00.00 41.00 BENEFIT FOR SICKNESS—ONE DAY TO ONE YEAR BENEFIT FOR INJURIES—ONE DAY TO ONE TEAR Outerterly $ 7 56 11 '2 5 roe .\.\2 Perfect, positive protection—within the reach of all. We want geed ngents In every locality to represent us. A good Income assured to a person v.1,, \to qualify. BECK REALIZATION SERVICE ::),IEcAeTntP, 1 1.A1 V, n `f u l ' Oss T Hail! Hail! Hail! I CHEAP RELIABLE FAIR Grain prices are and will be high. Expense of putting a crop in is large. If you cannot afford to lose yourcrop, take out hail insurance in a good reliable company, that since its organization has paid all their losses in full and on the day due, a mutual company of Mon- tana farmers carrying their own insurance at actual cost. See our agent at once or write direct to the company for an application and particulars. 'Agents wanted in unrepresented territory. Ranchers Hail and Fire Insurance Co. GREAT FALLS, MONTANA •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• Sanford Friction Thresher MR. GRAIN GROWER: Are you going to be able to have your threshing done this season? Are you willing to possibly lose a grade by waiting till Christ- mas to get threshed? Are you willing to let us show you what wo MR do for you to save your grain? We can positively thresh your grain without breaking any kernels. We can show you how you can buy and operate a thresher of your own for less than your threshing bill will amount to. Onr threshing machine will fit your pocket hook. We can thresh anything that is threshable with less power and less expense to you. For terms and prices see your dealer or SANFORD FRICTION THRESHER MANUFACTURING COMPANY GREAT FALLS, MONTANA • II •