The Stanford World (Stanford, Mont.) 1909-1920, July 25, 1918, Image 8

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THE STA2f70411D WORLD ALLIES CONTINUE If ADORE ON VANIE ADDITIONAL LARGE NUMBERS OF MEN AND GUNS HAVE BEEN CAPTURED GERMAN DEFENSE STIFFENS Huns Now Rreallze Allies Have Upper Hand and Military Stores and Villages Behited Lines Are Being Destroyed. (War Review for July 23) The drive of the American and French forces into the Soissoos-Itheims salient between Soissons and the re- gion of the Marne continues. The Ger- mans at seine points are counter nt- tacking desperately, but their efforts thus far have proved finite in e than impeding the advance. Further ground has hetet gained by the allied forces south i of Soissions. In the center of the line along the Olney river and north :Ind east of Chateau Thitirry. Additional large numbers of Germ:ins have been made prisoner and numerous quantities of guns and war materials have been C8 ptured. In the Marne region the American troops on the northern bank of the stream are well on the heels of the fleeing enemy east of Chateau Thterry, between Chartevesr and Gland. At last reports their advonce had been pushed virtually four miles from their tdd 1110s1t11111S 011 the southern hank, mid they were pressing the en- emy north‘VIIrd in the direction of Fere En '1'3'1.414.1111s. possibly with the Intention of endeavoring to link up with the French forces proceeding eastward along the (Turco. Farther east along the Marne the French have been enabled to throw forces across to the northern bank of the stream. Severe flatting is in progress be- tween the British. French and italinn troops anti the enemy southwest of Rheims, where the British have nintle a further advance. whiltr in Cham- pagne to the east of Rheims; the French are reported to have regained all their old front positions be- tween the river Suippes and the town of Massigas. The C01'111011 11141.1141ve has notice- ably stiffened on the western side of the Ithelms•SIIIM4tals tatilent, but al- though large numbers of reserves have been thrown into the fighting. the maneuvers Se1•111 to be more in the nature of n strong rear guard netion designed to help the enemy iti the Chateau Tiderry pipket escape north. eastward than a purpose ta stand and give battle with the ttim of holding or beating back the Franco-Amerienn troops. I That the filerninns now realize to the full the allies ha ye the upper hand In the battle seems apparent from re- ports 'they are burning villages in I heir retreat and destroying large quantities of munitions and war inn- terials throughout the entire salient which they have -found it impossible to move owing to the rapid strides of the nIlles across various of their lines of communiention and the domination of others by the allied hig guns. These guns are now throwing Sheik far be- hind the hues. searehing out the en- tire countryside. while iiihi ed airplanes are hurrying the retreating columns NV1111 machine gun fire. Paris Is Secure. Just where the Germ:ins plan to make a stand is not efear. It seems apparent from the 'immense of last night's statement from Berlin that they hope to cheek the allied forces Its 80011 as they have flattened out their line sufficiently to protect their flanks. Probably they me seeking to set up a gradually converging front from Sakssons to Rheims which will rest In the center on S11111e miturally strong position south of Fismes. If such a line can be formorand the at- tacking forces held, some part of the gains made In the great German drive across the Chem in Iles Domes NS( May would remain in enemy Minds. Paris appears 1111W 111 be secure. so far as ,the Marne route by Chateau Thlerry Is concerned. whatever hap- pens elsewhere. and all the Germans have achieved since May in this re- gion has been set at naught by four /days of aggressive tactics by the al- lied armies. Great numbers id prisoners and guns have been'taken by the Americans and allied 'forces. captures by Freud'. • American and Italian troops during the first two days of the 'vomiter of- fensive being officially estimated at 20,000. The French gathered up 45 more guns, including six of large caliber. In Ihe fightiqg along the Marne', where the Germans were compelled to re- treat very Mistily. leaving behind Jorge quutitities of materlid of all kin f/S, 'flue efforts of the Gernians to retard the Fronco-Amerlean forces Were par - REDUCED HIDE PRICES ARE • ANNOUNCED BY WAR BOARD bliANI) DUKE NICHOLAS Uncle of the former emperor, pro- claimed tiizar in ilie tiew rising in RCN- 111'1.011iillg 111 1 - 11/01 - 1s. 'rile grand duke was Iii 1.11111111111111 of the Russian armies at the outbreak of the war. ticularly heavy Nitmility near Grist - dies and Itezu St. Ilcritiain. respectively. northwest mid mirth of Chateau Thier- ry mill to the east of Chateau Tiller- ry, where the Americans 111e giving them [wide. (iii all three sectors the enemy lost further ground, and his forces in the Chatetin Thierry pocket were ,therefore placed id greater jeopardy. Itealizing the seriousness of his pre- illeament. Die German crown prince is suit' to have sent out distress signals to Crow!' Frites. Rupprecht of ita- varin, WilOste 1111.11 arti raving the Brit- ish line iii France mill 1.1111111er.S_ ileuii- tinecht dispatehol se\ ..F111 III ViSi011,4 of hist reser‘cs to iii, 'uth to help his imperial cousin. 11111 to offset this Field Marshal linig immediately detached an equal number of (11%1,4011M of picked British troolis from Picardy and moved them into the Iamb. area southwest of Rheims. The latest German official commu- nication asserts that in Sunday's fight- ing between the .Aistie and the Marne completi• sin pess rested with the Ger- man 1I 111 Fr:filet' /11111 Flanders the British continue Iii harass the German lilies with small Marks and raiding opera- tions, while the Italians arc keeping up their pressure against the Austri- 1111S 1111111 in .the Italian theater and in Albania. In the latter region consid- erable ground has been gained ii hung the 1)evoll river. AMERICAN CASUALITIES STEADILY INCREASING Washington, .Tuly 23. --New maxi. taunt prices on bides for three months. beginning August 4. announced by the .price fixing commitIce of -the war in- dustrles board, provide for an avernge reduction of from seven to eight cents per pfamil from the old prices. Packer hide§ range from 24 to 30 cents a . pound, aceording to the weight of the steer, and voutdry hides from 21 to 22 cents. All country hides are to be bought and sold OD a Selected basis List for Week Does not Include Men Injured in Present Great Allied Offensive Washington. July 22. -Casualties lu the army and marine corps over- seas thereased 111 !IS:I during the week compared with 047 the previous week, and aggregate 12.716 with the inclu- sion of SI1111illy'A army list of 199 and marine corps list of 20. 'While the week's total casualties were the largest announeed for any week since American troops have been on the battlefrinits. it is unlike- ly that any of the casualties which have resulted from the heavy fight- ing in which the Ainerienns have par- tielpated shire last Monday are includ- ed in the total , . In the 12.711; ciistialtles, total deaths. Including 291 men lost at sea, men killed in netion, died of wounds, 111s- 1MM% fWeille111 and other sinuses, num- bered'5.100--anity men 4.421; marines 1107, The wounded figgregale 6.911- arm1' men 7i.ts17: marines 1.124. Those missing, including prisoners. total 675 - army men, :03: marines 82. ARMY CONTRACT GRAFI DISCLOSED BY ARRESTS Hundreds of Thousands of Doll'', e Worth of Raincoats Are Taint- ed With Scandal, New York, July 23.-ExtensIve einisiiiracies involving bribery anq graft in conniption with nriny con- tracts for rubber raincoats sent to soldiers in !Prance were disclosed last 111011 by department of justice off! - Oak, simultaneously with the arrest of 17 officers and 4.tiiployps of 15 man- ufacturing companies in New York and Brooklyn on charges of bribery, fraud iur conspiracy. Army officers of the quartermaster's corps Involved with graft now lire un- der surveillatire and probably will be arrested soon in ‘Vasitington or other titles where their duties as purchas- ing agents or inspectors take them. Dandreds of tholHantls of dollars worth of raincoat iii' it are taint- ed with fraud already uncovered by department of justice agents, r and oth- er disclosures affecting - army orders for clothing, soldiers' equipment, ma- chinery noel supplies. itivoylving ar- rests on criminal rharges, may be mode soon. It was learned. Direct bribery of unnamed army of- ficers who had charge of letting con - Bluets or inspecting goods is clinrged against it number of those arrested. It was announced that in some cases manufacturers intimidated mil- itary 01' •eiVilli111 inspectors of rain- coats by threatening to use influence In Washington to obtain their dismis- sal if they tild 11111 approve the coats manufactured. others praeticed fraud by secretly shifting rejected goods to other plants to witirh Inexperieneed I nspectors or inspectors who would \play' the gaunt , \ were assigned. TO DISCLOSE WASTE OF MILLIONS IN AIRCRAFT Washington, July 23. -Waste of mil - dons if dollars in experimenting With the English, Bristol and other types of airplanes will be reported to con- gress by the senate military sub -com- mittee investigating aircraft produc- tion. menitiersof the committee 8111(1 yes1t.rtia) - . - ( 11 j,,•r ii lull lIgN of the committee, said S1.'1111111' Thomlis, chairman of the committee, and other members:, will be that 1,200 training planes costing $0,0i5tsiou, recently were \junked\ be- cause they were too dangerous for use; that several aviators have been killed in flights with dangerous types of planes and that amateurs in the engineering 111111 administrative sec- tions have contributed to the delay in product ion. Restionsibility for part of the delay was placed 011 Ole former aircraft pro- duction board_ hut they said that the prospects for the future are much lin- proved. All members: of the committee were agreed that the liberty motor is a com- plete success. It is too heavy for the Bristol planes, senators said, and that type hum been abandoned by the war department. Of the wecks' increase. 781 were army men and 202 marines. Killed In tirtIon and other deaths numbered 427 compared Ivith 259 the previous week; the wounded n lllll here! 405. compared with 307 111e previous week; and the at iind prisoners. 91, compared with 51 the previous week. 'rite army easualties summary as officially 11111101111,0d follows: Killed in netIon (Including 291 at sea), 1,801; of wounds. (347: diet of disease. 1.399: died of accident and ether causes. wounded in action, 17; missing in action (including prisoner!). 593. Total to 'date, 10,831. The marine corps casualty sum- mary as officially announced fol- lows: Deaths, 079; wounded, 1,124; in Minds of enoiny, 4; missing, 78; total to date, Officers included in the marine corps -summary were: Deaths, 25; wounded, 29; inissing. 1. • The army summary does not in- clude the number of officers. GERMANY REACHES AN AGREEMENT WITH FINNS WashIngtoo. July 2.3.-A report hint ilermany and Finland had come to definite eonslostons reached the state department yesterday hut the infor- Ina t 1011 W311. , . not regarded as authentic. The report suu Iii that the Gerimins have 50,000 troops In Finland. The Genitalia are making strong efforts to get control of the railroad south from Kola to Kein, used by the allied forces which recently were reported inoving south. LATEST MARKET REPORTS. Chicago Grain. Chicago. July 23. -Corn: No. 2 yellow, $1.70; No. 3 yellow, $li0tl.70; No. 4 yel- low. $1.51ff 1.54. Oats: No. 3 white, 7777%c; stan• dard, 77% Q 78%o. Rye: No 2. $1.70. Barley: 111.150 -- Minneapolis Grain. Minneapolis. July 23. -Flour: Un• changed. Shipments 52,008 barrels. Rye: $1.844* 1.86. Barley: 81.200 1.25. Bran: $24.45. Wheat: Receipts 58 cars, compared with 166 a year ago. Timothy: 85Q 8. Clover: Nominal. Omaha Livestock, Omaha, July 23. -Hogs: Receipts 7.300. Market higher. Heavy, $18Q18.35. cattle: Receipts 9.000. Market lower. Native steers. $12.250118; cows and heif- ers, $88113; canners. 8.711 8, stockers and feeders. 881i 13. calves, $100 13 311. Sheep: Receipts 10.500. Market lower. Wethers, 81211 13: ewes. $114r12.50; lambs, $17251118.50. yearlings. $130 14. St. Paul Livestock. St. Paul, July 23. -Hogs: Receipts. 7.300. Market 25c higher. Range, $17.75 8118; bulk. $17.958118. Cattle: Receipts 13,500. Killers. 25 to 50c lower. Steers. 87.50Q1710; cows and heifers, $81112; veal calves steady, $79 15.75; stockers and feeders, 25 to 50c lower, 5611-12. Sheep: Receipts 300. Market si , •ady. Lambs. $106 - 117.50; wethers, 1.:.50; ewes, 85.1111. Chicago Livestock. Chicago, July 23. -Hogs: Receipts 38,- 000. Market uneven. mostly 10 to 25c higher than yesterday's average; butch- ers $18.501C18.95; lighut. 818.654041'.05; packing, 817.601u 18.40; rough. SIT 150 17.50; bulk, W.90018.85; pigs, good and choice. 517.208117.75. Cattle: Recants 22,000. Stern selling from $16 up, steady to 10c higher; oth- ers slow and unevenly lower. Best butch- er cattle steady; others 15 to 25c lower; calves 25c lower; beef cattle, good, choice and prime. $174118.30; commo n and medium. SIMI]: butcher stork, cows and heifers. $7.504114.25; canners and cut- ters, 86.500 7.50; stockers and feeders, good, choice and fancy selected, $10.50V; 13; inferior, common and medium. 98.26 510.50; veal calves, good and choice, 816.255 17. German Strength Passes High Mark. 1Vashington. Joly 22. -The high water mark of the German offensive movement in Franee lias been reached and the InitiatIVP Is 1105%' paSgillf.: to the allied armies. This is tile lesson drawn from General Foeh's amide!, ' , miter attack on the Aisne -Marne front by American military leaders, General March, chief of stuff. told . niemirrs of the senate military committee.' Later he announced American troop ship- ments lind now exceeded 1.200,000 men, insuring ninn power to hold the Initiative on the Western front. SUB ATTACKS TOW WITH SHELL FIRE LUDICROUS ACTION OCCURS OFF EASTERNMOST POINT OF CAPE COD FOUR BARGES SENT DOWN Tug and Remaining Barge Set on Fire. -Four Shells Hit Main- land at Orleans, Mass., but No Damage Is Done. Orleans, Mass, July 22. -An enemy submarine attacked a tow off the easternmost point of Cape Cod yester- day, stink three barges, set a fourth and their tug on fire and dropped four shells on the ,notiultind. The action lasted an hour and was unchallenged exespt ter two hydroplanes from the ciliation] aviation station, which cir- cled over the U-Imat, Causing her to submerge for only a moment to re- appear and resume firing. The crews of the tow, numbering 41 and including three women and N ve children, escaped timid the shell fire in lifeboats. Several were wound- ed. lint only one seriously. This hap- pened to be John Botovich, an Aus- trian, of the crew of the tug. His right army near the shoulder was torn away by a fragment of shell. The minor injuries of the others were from shell splinters. The barges were in tow of tile tug Perth Amboy, owned toy the Lehigh 1'zilley railroad, and were imund from Gloucester for New York. One was loaded with stone, hut the ethers were light. lieing on their return trip after bringing coal to Now England. The attack wits without warning and I nily the poor nutrksmanship of the German gunners permitted the es- cape of the crews. First Hun Shells Land. The one-sided fight took place three miles south of the Orlt•tins coast- guard station which is located mid- way between Chatham, at Elbow, anti Iii iii uintl Light, at the extreme tip of the cape. The firing Ulla heard for miles and briought thousands to the beach from which the (hushes of the guns and the outline of the U-boat ty . ere plainly visible. Possible danger to the onlookers was not thought of until It $hell whizzed over their heads anti splashed in a pond a mile inland. Three other shells buried themselves In the S11111.18 of the beach. Shell Hits Squarely. The tug Perth Amboy with her four barges in line was puffing along leisurely just off the shoals, two miles from shore at 11 o'clock yesterday morning when the U-boat, of an esti- mated length of 400 feet, rose suddenly one mile seaward and trained her guns on the tow. A moment later and wilftout warning to the crew a shell struck the seeond barge amidships. The empty craft doubled up and sank so quickly that her crew barely had time to lower their small boat. Cap- tain J. H. Tapley of the tug sounded his whistle as soon as the U-boat wits sighted and ordered the barges aban- doned. The first shot was followed by a rain of shells that dropped on and all about the Perth Amboy and her barges. A lucky shot next sank the last barge. Meanwhile hits on the tug had set her afire but she stood by her barges to the finish. The third barge in the line, the smallest of all, proved a hard mark for the German gunners and they took half an hour to dispose of her. By this time the firing had alarmed the whole cape and cries for assistance were sent broadcast. No Warships About. No American warships, however. ap- peared to be in the vicinity and the ex- hibition of German gunners went on methodically. Then two hydro -air- planes rose from the station at Chat- ham. anti flying low, darted toward the enemy as though to attack. It could not be seen that they dropped any bombs. but the Germans evidently an- ticipated an attack from the air for they stopped firing and elevated their guns against the hydro -airplane. They did not fire, however, and It moment later submerged. U -Boat Reappears. The planes circled about where the enemy was last seen and then turned their noses toward their station. Scareely had they reached shore when the U-boat reappeared and resumed her attack on the tug and ,the one light barge remaining ttfloat. Both the tug and this barge were in flames anti were tield where they were by the sunken barges, one of which, with a (oat! of stone, made an effective an- chor. Tug Is aved. The U-boat was still trying to find g Th . vulnerable spots In the Perth Amboy anti the remaining barge when the hydro -airplanes again apprOached. At sight of the planes the subinarine again submerged and did not reappear. Discharged frone Camp Lewis. Camp Lewis, July 22. -Discharged fi g s physically unfit. the habeas corpus action brought in federal court by Pri- vate Marian Brown of Great Falls, Mont., against Colonel E. N. .7ones, camp e0111M111111Pr, for his release, will be dropped. Brown cited In his corn plaint that he Was 32 years old when he registered but that he did so be. cause coerced 1)5 the threat of arrest. He was afterward drafted, came herr and brought the action to obtain his discharge. Brown was discharged on a surgeon's certificate of disability MRS. WM, CUMMINGS STORY Mrs. William Cuininings Story, for- mer president general of the Daughters of the Americon Revolution. was or rested in New York on indictmenta charging her with grand larceny, petty lareeny anti conspiracy in connection with the affairs of the National Emer- gency Relief society, of which sue is president. WORLD NEWS IN CONDENSED FORM The federal food administrailion has appealed to hotels, clubs awl restau- rants to discontinue serving turkey broilers. Farmers also were urged not to sell turkeys until after they' are matured. Honduras, which broke diplomatic relations with Gerninny on May 18, has followed that action by declaring war. The state department has been notified of the iletion. Seven deaths in aviation accidents at flying fields in this country were reported during the week ending July 13, in a summary just Issued by the wet' department. * Treasury receipts front sales of War Savings and Thrift stamps last week reached the new record of $53,- 630.000. Total sales for the first 17 banking days in July were $137,859,- 000. ' A Red Cross ban has been placed on dice so far itS their distribution in the four army cantonments in the gulf division of the Red Cross is concerned. * * Italy Is to use the new American type of submarine chasers, the \eagle\ boats, In its campaign of attrition against the Austrian fleet in the Adri- atic sea. * Responsibility for the sinking of the excursion steamboat Columbia on the Illinois river between Peoria and l'ekin, July 5, with the loss of 92 lives, Is placed upon Captain H. F. Mehl and Pilot George T. Williams In a report received in Washington by Secretary of Commerce Redfield from Reese V. Downs and George It. Bower, the steambodt inspectors who investigated the river disaster. * ft Twelve representatives of the Unit- ed 'States congress who purpose visit- ing the fighting front hove arrived at a French) port from the United States. Among other passengers on the steam- er was Justin Godart, member of. the French chamber of deputies, a de- taclunent of Alpine chasticurs, which haul been visiting the United States and a number of Polish volunteers. President Wilson has agreed to the enlistment of his personal stenogra- pher, Charles Savo, and the young man will join the army aviation ser- vice August 1. Until (IOW tile presi- dent would not approve of his enlist- ment. Secretary Tumuity's stenogra- pher, Warren Johnson, also is about to join the army. * * The federal food board has an- nounced the receipt of a statement front the United States food adminis- tration showing that nearly 100.000,- 000 pounds of beef was sent abroad in May, principally to England, France, Italy and Belgium. The shipments for the mouth i surpassed any previous record in the history of the country. tr Liberty bonds and other securities valued, according to the police, at $100,000, were taken from the home of Mrs. Jennie Endsley in Long Bench, during the absence of the owner at night. Many of tile papers were ne- got table. * * The British steamer earpnthia was torpedoed it) the Atlantic last week, It is officially announced In London. Few persons were on the boat at the time of the sinking and the loss of life was slight. MUCH RANGE 15 YET AVAILABLE ENOUGH FOR 60,000 SHEEP AND 7,500 CATTLE IN NATIONAL FORESTS NEWS OF THE CAPITAL CITY Congresswoman Jeannette Rankin. Files for United States Senator- ship. --Forester Lauds De- fense Council Order. IleleiM.-GrazIng range for 00.000 sheep and 7,500 cattle is available In the national forests of western anti northwestern Montana, says a telegram D. W. Raymond, secretary of the state- livestoek commission received from District Forester Rutledge of Missoula, Iii reply to a message sent him by Sec- retary Raymond. To open this range, the advisability of whieh was determined last May and June by a national forest grazing ex- pert, will require an order by the sec- retary of agriculture. Secretary of the Interior Lime has given permission to use Glacier national park for grazing. The range thus provided will he is great relief to the stockmen of north- com Montana, many of whom, due to crop failures and burned up ranges, are already using their winter range. The inaccessibility of the range In piestion under present conditions, is the reason it has not been opened to grazing, according to national forest sfficittls, lit order to reach the areas it will be necessary in ninny cases to mt driveways through extremely dense timber. The areas are Mostly regions that have been burned over In recent years, and fire weed, a vegetation which has proved excellent fodder for sheep, has sprung up in abundance. Once the ranges nre penetrated, it will mean a 111`W source of feed. Each year the secretary of _agricul- ture fixes the maximum number of animals that may be grazed that yeitr In the respective national forests, so before the stock enn be taken into the, proposed areas, an order Will be neces- sary. The forests have been stocked to their estinuited capacity the last two years, as the ttndeney lins been to help itlere/1Se the meat and wool supply as a war necessity. * * * Timber Will Not Die. , Thousands of acres of valuable tim- ber on the mountains adjacent to Hel- mut. injured by ambles) changes In tem- perature last winter, will not die. In the opinion of Charles K. Metiers. Jr.. supervisor of the Helena national for - '51. based on reeent reports he has re- ceived. Only one side of the trees has appartnely been tiffeeted, makes it probable that they will out- grow the injuries nnd survive. The mountains south. past and west of Helena are noticeably brown in color front the deed needles of the trees. If the timber should die it would mean not only a great loss of mmtnercial timber, but a serious clan- ger to the watersheds that supply Helena with water and furnishes mois- ture for many of the irrigated farms in the locality. .When the trouble first became ap- parent last spring, It was thought that beetles had invaded the regions. Re- cently a national forest expert from the district office In Missoula, cathe to investigate and analyzed the trou- ble as due to sudden temperature vari- ations In the winter. * * * All COlored Men Called. All colored draft registrants in Mon- tana that hove been placed in Class I are ordered into the service under • call received by Adjutnnt General Phil (Treenail from Provost 'Muslin] leneral Crowder. The colored boys • entrain August 1 for Crimp Lewis. There tire 101 colored registrants In Montano that have been placed in -211 ' i geiy l. has been only one previous rail on Montana for colored drafted men oral thIlt W11S small. * * * Jeannette Files for Congress. . Jeannette Rankin, congresswoman from Montana, followed up her verbal announcement of candidacy for the Republican nomination for United • States senator by filing written notice with the secretary of state. 'df nominated and elected,\ she said, n her declaration, \I will. during my :ertn of office support the president mil a vigorous prosecution of tile war :0 a vietorious conclusion _and, as teretofore. vote for every measure Ins nay recbmmend. to more efficiently wosectite the war. • • I flintl mienvor tel fnithfully core for the In - :crests of Montana and her people in Washington.\ * * * Harvest Is On. ' Agricultural agents reporting from nine counties of the state for the, week eliding .Tuly 15, state that the harvest of winter wheat find rye has begun. * * * Order Aids Flre Fighters. Noisier No. 9 of the state counell of defense has done more to improve the forest fire situation titan any other one thing, according to State Fores- ter J. C. Ynn Hook, who has just returned from Missoula, where Ile eon- ferred with federal forestry officials. This order of the state council' pro- hibits tile burning of alnshIngs, regu- lates ronpers and imposes other re- strictions, and is being enforced by peace officers, Mr. Van Hook says the forest fires In 'Montana are now mostly under control. 11

The Stanford World (Stanford, Mont.), 25 July 1918, located at <>, image provided by MONTANA NEWSPAPERS, Montana Historical Society, Helena, Montana.