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Ab.b,tes otatie`,:' THE STANFORD WORLD. •••••••••11 • TREASURE STATE FARM AND LIVESTOCK A BIG CROP FOR Take Seed Potatoes From the SURVEY OF NORTH VALIER FARMERS Big Yielding Hills COUNTRY IS MADE IRRIGATED ACRES IN TETON COUNTY WILL PRODUCE A • BUMPER HARVEST Alfalfa and Root Crops Are Heavy on the Thirty Thousand Acres Un- der Irrigation on the Project; Flax Will Also Be a Big Crop in Spite of Hot Weather. Among the northern counties, Te- ton stands out as having less loss of crops than the others, largely because the Va.lier irrigation project is lo- cated there. In this project of some 80,000 acres beld under the Carey laud act, about 30,000 acres were in crop this year and splendid crops are report- ed from every piece of land under. ditch. Wheat will run from 30 to 40 bu- shels an acre, flax will be a big crop and So will alfalfa. Vegetables of all kinds have done well and the dry land farmers of the county who have not fared well, will have plenty of, feed close at hand. Some of the. farmers estimate that at least 1.000,- 000 bushels of wheat will be har- vested from the Valier lands. Farmers in Good shape Some of the dry land farmers, es- pecially those who put in grain on summer fallowed land, will have. something better than a half crop. There are 3,800 farms in Teton county, according to the reports sent to Secretary Greenfield of the Mon - Yana council of defense. Only 645 farmers answered to the question- naires sent out by the council and the farm bureaus and 493 of these asked for aid in the matter of seed Next year's seed should be selected for high yielding hills. Every one who has dug potatoes knows what satisfaction there is in turning out an unusually high yielding hill. The enthusiastic farmer will fairly gloat over the profusion of handsome tubers, and even the dullest of laborers will remark to himself or his fellow workman: ,\That's some hill.\ It is from such hills that seed for next year's crop should be selected. Practical growers and experiment stations all over the country have found that increased yields can be secured in this manner: Select at digging time those hills which produce the largest number of marketable tubers, regardless of the fact that there may be numerous small potatoes in addition to a certain number of large ones. The small ones are as valuable for potato purposes as the large ones in the hill, for they all have the same inheritance. Set a standard of at least eight or nine good marketable po- tatoes for each hill, and separate those high producing hills from the rest of the crop. The result of such selection will show the first year, and will more than pay for the trouble of separating the seed at harvest. A selection must be made every year, as the high yielding seed does not transmit this characteristic through hut one generation. POULTRY NOTES (C 0 43 Lazy hens, like lazy men, are not money-makers, for they do no work. System and regularity are the key -notes of success. They count ill GIVES DETAILS OF AD FOR FARMERS profits. ' GOVERNOR ST 13 WART STATES Mongrelism in stock and fogyism THE LOANS lx DROUGHT 1)15- ideas are disaster twins. Success comes mainly from good management. For success there must be a firm rt 1 Dollars Per Vero Will Be Al - determination to make the le.siness Al- a life's job, just as me 'would a trade lowed For Not to Exceed 300 or a profession. Aeres; Half Rates on Shipments of Brains must be employed in the Feed for Stockmen in Districts ...... ......... ______ ..... ...,..____ .._,. lid by farmers living on the Valier project. The farmers are unanimous in expression of satisfaction over the water service of the \railer Land and Water company which runs the irri- ;anon plant. There was more than 3nough water for the acreage plant- 3 d. Big Harvest in Sight George Davies, secretary of the :1arey land act board, recently visit- td Vatter, where he spent some time nspecting the project and inquiring nte conditions. He found the farm - tnd preparing to harvest big crops. srs highly pleased by the outlook There has been a marked increase n demands for irrigated land this iummer, due to the failure of crops in dry lands in the northern end of lie state. , poultry business. Tnose wno nave any sense at all, find that brains is a stock in trade. The orchard without a flock of hens in it is valuable space wasted that might be profitably utilized with advantage. A breed well kept is far more sat - isfactory than several breeds poorly housed. fed and cared for. While drafts must be avoided, plenty of fresh air must be supplied night and day. Bad management will quickly de- generate a breed. If the weakly, de- formed and runty specimens are not regularly weeded out, in time the flock will be no better than scrubs. Practical poultry keeping can not be carried on without pure breeds. The scrubs deserve no consideration at all. Old Constantine of Greece would suggest to Duke Adolph Friedrich :hat before he ascends the throne of Finland he'd better test the equili- brium of the legs and examine the million for concealed pins. Wall street is complaining that the trading is largely professional. The other markets are leaving their Wall street contemporary very few laymen to hook. ---- - --- --- HAVE KEEP YOU SEEN THIS SIGN BEFORE 9 YOUR MONEY IN MONTANA 0 GO BUY 4'sia of , 0 ..w.-.= OILS 00\ GUARANTEED QUALITY MONTANA OIL COMPANY ... WHAT DOES IT MEAN çTO YOU • 9 • MR. LIVESTOCKMAN If you are a producer of less than carload lots of livestock, get your neighbors to join you in a community shipment. This will put you on the same basis of marketing as the car- load fellow and at the same time you will be helping to build up your holm markets. Write or wire for prices and weekly market letter. WE CATER TO BOTH LARGE AND SMALL SHIPPERS Spokane Union Stockyards Spokane, Washington. Important Range splendid market On Monday, Montana grass time best corn There fighting forces crop will mean prospects are ' Keep and time of cipal markets sible advantage. Send or wire us Clay, 1 at Livestock in. Mangos cur, Solstb Ornalm, Fort Ne w b. orih, L to Range Cattlemen cattle shipping season is on. Early sales indicate a with prices $2.00 to $4.00 higher than a year age. July 22, we sold at Chicago 50 head of 1,190 pound steers at $17.10, a new high record. At the same feda,snicl at 818.80. is the broapst demand for beef both for civilian and known_1hr a long time. The record -breaking corn nor r ioubt a big demand for feeders. The range men's therefore most favorable. in touch with us and let us advise you the best market shipping for your cattle. Our location at all the prin- enables us to post and serve you to the highest pos- for our weekly livestock report, which is free, and write for any special market Information. Robinson & Co. ' Commission Stock Yards . South St. Joseph, Mo. South St. Peal, Minn. mo. Denver, Colo. F.ast Buffalo, N. Y. East St. Louis, Ill. Te S s i ss oux City, Iowa. El Paso, Texas - Tutor ARE LIMITED Short of flay. Governor S. V. Stewart and Dr. John M. Davis, representative of the farm bureaus of Montana, returned last week from Washington, D. C., where, with the assistance of the Montana congressional delegation, they succeeded in obtaining aid for the drought -stricken farmers of the state. Farmers will be furnished seed wheat for fall planting and later for spring planting. Freight rates 'on hay and other cattle feeds to the drought -stricken area of the state will be reduced one- half, which will be r. great help in carrying stock through the winter. Only farmers whose credit and re- sources are already exhausted and who consequently cannot got ad- vances privately from banks may par- ticipate. Loans will be limited to $3 per acre, with a maximum of $300, and will be payable at 6 per cent, Novem- ber I, 1919, in the northern districts. Requirements of Governnient Federal land banks will make and collect the loans after the depart- ment of agriculture agents have In- vestigated and approved the applica- tions. Applicants must agree to use Seed and planting methods approved by the department of agriculture. The money will not be advanced until the seeding is completed, but a certifi- cate will be given as a basis for tem- porary credit. Each borrower will be required to agree that if his wheat yield is seven bushels or more an acre, he will pay 25 per cent of his loan into a guaranty fund to cover possible losses to the government. Applicants for loans or banks wish- ing to assist are to apply to the to. oral land bank of their district. Governor Stewart said: \The $5,000,000, it is realized, is inadequate to take care of the situa- tion and it is expected that perhaps $20,000,000 will be made available later. Arrangements now will be merely for fall planting, the propo- sition of spring planting to be taken up later. Optimistic Over War \Washington is in a most confid; ent frame of mind as regards the war,\ continued the governor. \This is in marked contrast to what it was four months ago, when I was last there. There is a belief that the na- tion is hitting its stride in all war ac- tivities and the success in transport- ing troops and munitions and the prospects of a good crop this year, together with the splendid account the Americans have given of them- selves in the battles along the Marne, have brightened up the situation ma- terially. There is a feeling closely approaching elation.\ 0 0 I Two Ways of Pre erving Eggs 0 Waterglass solution is made in ratio of 1 to 9, as follows: One quart of waterglasa or sodium silicate to 9 quarts of boiled water, that is, water that has been boiled and cooled. This amount will be enough to preserve 15 dozen eggs. Allow about 2 in- ches of this solution over the top layer of the eggs and place the con- tainer in a cool, dry place with a tight cover. Dissolve 2 or 3 pounds of unslaked lime in 6 gallons of water that has previously been boiled and allowed tp cool, and allow the mixture to eland until the lime settles and the liquid is clear. Place clean, fresh eggs in a clean earthenware crock or jar and pour the clear ihneviater into the vessel until the eggs are covered. At least 2 inches of the solution should cover the top layer of eggs. Preserve only fresh, clean unwash- ed eggs. Candle or test all eggs for cracks. QUESTIONNAIRES RETURNED IN- DICATE FINANCIAL CONDI- TION OF MANY FARMERS Of 7,000 Questionnaires Sent Out, 6,648 Return With Requeets for Aid; Farmers Making Requests Have Assets of Over $62,000,000; Liabilities $15,000,000 As a result of the system agreed upon at Havre recently at the meet- ing of farm bureau presidents, repre- sentatives of the college of agricul- ture and the bureau of agriculture, having for its object the determina- tion of the needs at d condition k of the farmers of Valley, Blaine, Phil- lips, Hill, Toole, Chouteau and Te- ton counties, reports ..re being re- ceived by Charles 13. Greenfield, sec- retary of the state council of defense, which have been forwarded to Gov- ernor Stewart, and Senator Walsh at Washington. Questionnaires wore circulated, through the community committees of the farm bureaus, among the farmers in the counties named. In these counties there are 20,000 farm- ers, in round numbers. Out of this number, questionnaires have so far been returned from a little more than 7,000, and of these 6,648 request aid to put in fall crops, carry them through the winter, and put in spring crops. There are 2,649 who want work during the fall and win- ter away from their farms. Of the total number reporting, 4,668 are married, with an average of four to time family, and 1,677 are reported as single. Assets and Liabilities One of the interesting features brought out in the questionnaires is that these 7,000 farmers have total assets amounting to $62,162,580. Of these assets, $10,000,000 in round numbers is in livestock, $44,000,000 in land, and $7,000,000 in equip- ment. As against these assets the 7,000 farmers owe a total of $15,- 902.4330. These liabilities comprise mortgages amounting to, in round numbers, $99,000,000, seed liens a little more than $500,000, bills $1,250,000, and notes about $5,000,- 000. In getting the informatien it was desired to lay before the federal au- thorities, it was considered wise to got the individual statistics showing the acreage and crop production for a series of years. These statistics show that in 1912 in the seven counties named then; were 62,908 acres in wheat; in 1913, 96,899 acres: in 19914, 172,236 acres; in 1915. 293,- 411 acres; in 1916, 470,290 acres; in 19917, 627,4114 acres; and in 1918, 799,540 acres. Tile production of wheat in the counties named grew from 128,035 bushels in 1912 to 1,586,565 bushels in 1917. It is, of course, impossible at this time to give the production in 1918. During the same period the acreage in other crops in the seven counties named, with the figures available only from one-third of the farmers, increased from 49,470 in 1912 to 125,958 in 1918. Where Help Will Count Without federal assistance 3,594 of these farmers reporting will put in a wheat acreage of 177,000, but with federal assistance they will put in 867,678 acres. Without assistance 1,960 farmers will put in 27,244 acres in rye, and with assistance 4,440 farmers will put in 117,171 acres in the same cereal. The tabulation of the needs of these 7,000 farmers, made from their Individual reports, indicates that they will need for seed $1,930,688; for feed, $1,469,117; for operating expenses, $836,346: for living ex- penses, $1,290,773; - a total of $5,526,823. These 7,000 farmers have on band 70,589 horses, 67,318 cattle, 19,505 sheep, and 14,289 hogs. Under nor- mal conditions they would sell 3,960 horses, 4,269 cattle, 1,676 sheep, and 2,545 hogs. But owing to drouth conditions, unless they receive aid, they will be compelled to sell 24,684 horses, 27,693 cattle, 7,181 sheep, and 7,308 hogs. Are Well Equipped The 7,000 farmers reporting are fairly well equipped with power to operate their farms. They return 1,417 tractors, 6,289 binders, 47,610 work horses, 14,876 plow bottoms, and 6,376 drills. It will be noticed that these re- ports cover but seven counties. In addition to these counties there is a portion of western Sheridan county, western Dawson, northern Fergus, a section of Rosebud and also in Cus- ter where drouth conditions have re- duced production in about the same proportion as in the counties listed. Montanan to Farm in Algeria Thomas B. Campbell, representa- tive of the Morgan Interests, which are conducting extensive farm opera- tions on the Crow Indian reservation in Montana, announced at a banquet in Hardin that the United States had secured permission from Spain to farm certain areas in Algeria. This will effect a great saving in shipping foodstuffs to American soldiers in France, Belgium and Italy. He also scored the Industrial Workers of the World for their alleged inactivity. Serum for Gas A Chicago Tribune dispatch says a serum compounded by a French scientist has proved effective in cur- ing gas gangrene, a complication re- sulting from wounds which hitherto has always been fatal. FARMERS TO ASK FOR IRRIGATION SETTLERS ON BENTON LAKE DI- VISION WILL ASK GOVERN- MENT roit WATER Petition Is Being Signed and Is to be Forwarded to Secrettu7 of the In - tenor; Land to be Reclaimed Is North of Great Falls and Com- prises About 40,000 Acres. The farmers on the Benton lake subdivision of the Sun river irriga- tion project want to get their lands irrigated, and they want the Water on their land Just as soon as Uncle Sam can be induced to set the recla- mation forces at work. Cornelius Colbenson, a Benton lake farmer, says he and his neigh- bors have determined to make an ap- peal to the government that the work may be undertaken . as soon as pos, sible, and will urge the completion of the work as a war measure, as it would mean a large increase in thJ wheat yields of that section. Farmers Are Unanimous The farmers who would come' un- der this proposed ditch are almost unanimously in favor of its extension, according to Mr. Colbenson, and a petition, praying for this relief, will be circulated among them soon. The land to be reelaimed lies north and east of Great Falls, and aggre- gates some 30,000 or 40,000 acres. It has always been considered part of the Sun river project, and the water for its irrigation would be stored In Benton lake, where the storage room is said to be ample for the area to be covered. This water would be stored there during the winter and at the time of the high water in the spring, and it would not lessen the amount available for irri- gation for the ground higher up. That has all been figured out by the reclamation service, and nothing is needed to get the work started except an appropriation from Uncle Sam and authority to the reclamation service to get busy. Gilman -Augusts Branch Senator Myers has calbld to the at- tention of the federal railway admin- istration the recommendation of the Montana state railway commis4on that a three-mile extension of the Great Northern railroad be built from Gilman to Augusta. This matter was laid before the state commission by the people of Augusta, and a favorable recommen- dation was made, but before the order could be carried out the rail- roads passed into federal control, and the extension can now be built only by federal authority. The railway director's office as- sured Senator Myers it would grant a hearing to representatives of the town of Augusta before taking action on the recommendation of the state commission. No date for the hearing has been set. Red Cross Conference Montana Red Cross chapters will adopt a uniform and standardized system of accounting, as a result of a conference hold in Helena recently by treasurers of chapters in the state with W. F. Grinnell of Minneapolis, field representative in the northwest- ern division for the treasurer of the national Red Cross. About two- thirds of the counties were represent- ed. l'REBUILT TYPEWRITERS' ALL MAKES Some Almost New Great Fails Typewriter Exchange Aq . 4 . le • .., A • e7. , \ 1 N • • • rs. e PERMANENT CAMPS IN YELLOWSTONE PARK &moon, Jams fa to September 15 for information and rates addreset YELLOWSTONE PARK CAMPING COMPANY Livinsston. Montana BOOMS With or Without Bath BATES $1 Per Day Upwards THE ARIZONA HOTEL Corner Park and Arizona. Ph. 0310 BUTTE, MONTANA Robert Metcalf, Proprietor • KODAK FINISHING Rolls of Six Exposures 15 Cents Rolls of 12 Exposures 25 Cents Developed and Finished by Expert Photo- graphers. All orders Shipped Within 24 boars. SCHOETTNER SUDIO, BUTTE 87 N. Main Street The largest and best portrait anti commer. dal studio In the west. LIMESTONE'S USE AS A FERTILIZER ALL OF JUDITH BASIN IS FULL OF IT; IS LARGE FACTOR IN WIIEAT YIELDS Minnesota Agriculturists Will Experi- ment With Limestone on Exten- sive Scale; Two Tons of Limestone Will Be Used to the Acre; Expert. meats to Be Carefully Watched. Have you ever noticed the preval- ence of limestone in the roan) !anus of the Judith basin': The whole country has heard of the bumper crops of wheat they raise ove • Were. Did you connect the big wheat yield with the limestone? It is a fact. County agriculturists of Minnesota are strong advocates of limestone and a wholesale test is to be made the coming season. Two carloads Of crushed limestone are to be delivered at Whitebeaver village and one car- load at a number of other places where tests are to be made. Two tons of limestone will be used . to the acre. Experiments to be Varied Acre plots will be prepared and sowed in exactly tho same way by each farmer making the experiment. One of the plots will be treated with the lime. At the end of the season the yield will be measured to show the effect of the dressing. The ex- periments may be varied in some cases by adding commercial or barn- yard fertilizer to the limestone dress- ing. Hot Weather Spoils Experiment Experiments were made the past summer with commercial fertilizer, but no results were obtained. The reason given for the failure was that the fertilizer was applied at the be- ginning of the dry weeks, and for that reason there was not sufficient moisture to make the fertilizer avail- able for the growing crop. It will undoubtedly affect next year's crop. Kill All Flies! THILSTAD Plural anywhere, DAISY FLY KILLER attruts and kills all Moe. Neat. clean. ornamental, convenient. and cheap. frt. soason. Had. t f rs',.: 1 1 , 1,7 * 1:11T!ri U rr, y ‘ yibini. Guars...4:h ibebrs. Ask Cc, Oalsy Fly Killer fold by dskisl•rs. or 6 a. by •Yoryos. prt6.10. 11.00 HAROLD SOMERS, 100 DaKalb leraaalEa. 4 ; l 4 s$ ), I f __CitorlibUtaUrR- Genuine Fall Rye Place Your Order NOW State Nursery & Seed Co. Helena, Mont. HAVE YOU LAME FEET? 11 so, why spend your time suf- fering when you can find relief and comfort by seeing DR. POTV IN 15% Third s' eet S., Great FA11S. Agricultural Lands At $10 to $20 per acre. Terms of 10 per cent down, balance 10 yearly payments, bearing 6 per cent interest. Logged -off lands of the Anaconda Copper Mining company. Dairying is a type of farming best adapted to the timbered sec- tions of western Montana. Most of the land can be converted into pasture at very little expense and dairy cows will yield a splendid profit from the land without the necessity of removing the stumps, although a sufficient acreage must be put under the plow to supply winter feed. In connection with dairying, hog and poultry should take an important part. All fruits, berries, and garden truck thrive; field crops of grain, clover, timothy, potatoes, and stock roots do well. You are buying at values fixed by experienced appraisers, strip- ped of protnotion charges, com- missions, and other trimmings, which are usually added before it reaches the farmer. We will aid you in selecting a location that is adapted to your needs. BLACKFOOT LAND DEVELOPMENT CO. Drawer 1590 Missoula, Meal, Listen! Women of Montana Every one of you hg a ditty to be chic, smart and compelling in dress. \The apparel 'oft proclaims the man\ -but always the woman Let Me Dress You The fall styles are In from New York and Paris. I have them, and a lovely assortmeat they are. ALL GARMENTS CUT, VITTED AND MADE UNDER MY SUPF.RVIBION. TWENTY YEARS' EXPERIENCE. See meiv\ ' Butte, or I'll me yen In your home town. Write me for prices and samples. \O'BRIEN\ Ladies' Tailor, Phoenix Block BUTTE, MONTANA