What is this?
Optical character recognition (OCR) is an automated process that converts a digital image containing numbers and letters into computer-readable numbers and letters. The search engine used on this web site searches OCR-generated text for the word or phrase you are looking for. Please note that OCR is not 100 percent accurate. If the original image is blurry, has extraneous marks, or contains ornate font styles or very small text, the OCR process will produce nonsense characters, extraneous spaces, and other errors, such as those you may see on this page. In addition, the OCR process cannot interpret images and may ignore them or render them as strings of nonsense characters. Despite these drawbacks, OCR remains a powerful tool for making newspaper pages accessible by searching.
**•-•-•-e THE STANFORD WORLD. ATE THEOR HORSES AM ©ARROW FORE 1101 September 8th. They wore now liv- supposed was the Beaver Lodge river / 1 0 ing principally on squirrels and birds. Their Last Match. A KETTLE FOR MONTHS DM MUSKEG COUNTRY By the 12th of September they had The early gold -seeking days of The start from Great Falls watt' Montana have a history filled .with: made May 4, I905. After an un-` tales of hardships endured and diffi-. eventful 10 days of riding and camp-; culties overcome in the search for lug they crossed the Canadian line' the hidden wealth of the mountains, on the 1;th of the month, and on the but it is doubtful if many pioneers, list of May camped on the banks of who survived to tell of their expert- the Belly river at, Lethbridge, where' ences in the battle for existence in they remained three weeks, encoun- the wilderness had a harder fight tering a good deal of rah\' in the for life than two Montana youths who meantime. Pushing forward, they started from Great Falls in the reached the Little Bow river by June spring of 1905 to look for gold iii I3th, following the out Black feet In - the Peace river country of the North- ! dian trail and crossing two or three west territories. !Indian reservations. They found this Ilow these lads fought death from • experience interesting, and formed starvation and exposure for months, the acquaintance of Running Rabbit, eating their horses and carrying chief of the northern piegaos. By their fire with them in a kettle when June 21st they had reached Calgary they traveled, is told in the diary and camped for a week there on the kept by one of them, recording the Bow river. After a pleasant and in - incidents of their terrible experience teresting trip, in the course of which from day to day until thy got back they enjoyed good hunting and sup - to Edmonton on Christmas eve, plemented their usual camp fare with lug skeletons clothed in rags and several varieties of wild berries, they horsehide moccasins. The story ends reached the Bed Deer river on the more happily than many others that Fourth of July; Lacomb on the 8th, might be told of the deadly \Mlle- Battle river on the 10th and Edition - keg\ country—a vast and impene- ton on the 14th. They camped at Ed - treble area of swamps. Many a mall mouton near the old Hudson's Bay has become involved in the intricate trading post. The town, which now meshes of the muskegs and has per- has 40,000 population, at that time ished miserably after a hopeless fight had less than 8,000 people. The real for life, estate boom there was well under This story starts in the beginning way and the place presented a lively of May, 1905, when Dr. A. F. Longe- appearance. way, a well known Great Falls phyal- Pirst Had Luck. clan. \staked\ two young men. who Leaving Edmonton, they crossed had been working on his ranch, for the Sturgeon river and reached St. a trip north to the gold country; Ann July 28th, stopping there to do which had recently been discovered ' a little trading at the Hudson's Bay on the Yukon. The names of the ad- - company's post. On the 29th they venturers were W. S. Pitzer and found themselves at the Pembina George E. Cornell. The diary, de l - river, where they camped for several tailing their adventures, was written days while they searched for the by Pitzer. Both of them live today mouth of the Lobatick river. The in eastern Canada. Dr. Longoway hunting wan good, there being plen- has the diary. ty of bear, ulcer, lynx and partridges; The fact that they took with them also a profusion of berries. They five horses—ono more than might caught a considerable number of fish, have been considered entirely neces- including a 10 -pound pickerel. Here, eery—probably saved their lives however, the black flies became al - months later. The names of the aril- most unbearable and bothered them male, the diary records, were Snow- very much for the next month. It ball, Bob, Kid, Billy and Nibs. Two was here, too, that they haul their were used to ride, two were packed . first experience with the \muskegs with their tent, camping equipment or swamps, and after that time they and provisions, and the fifth animal wore scarcely ever free from the hor- was taken as a reserve horse in case ror of these great bogs. Many of of accidents. They also had with the muskegs are miles in width, them a shepherd dog which survived crossed only by narrow trails made the hardships of the trip and was, by wild animals. Treacherous as with them when they were rescued quicksand, n step off the trail may seven months later. rtarIaripath ,for man or beast. It was in this vicinity that they had their first serious stroke of bad luck, when one of the pack horses. Passing across a muskeg, rubbed under a bent -over tree and twisted the barrel off their only shotgun. By: August 9th they had penetrated through a muskeg country to Itoot river. Here Snowball, one of the pack horses, got into what fortun- ately proved to be a shallow mus- keg. They rescued the animal the next morning after some difficulty. Find Some Gold. August 12 found mem at the Mc- Cloud river, where they prospected for gold and washed out a small quantity. The mosquitoes and black flies were very bad here, and they had some further back luck when the horses broke into their tent during their absence and spoiled their salt,. sugar and moat of their other food. By August 23 they had reached the. Athabasca river, a wide, swift and extremely treacherous stream, which they forded only with the greatest difficulty and danger. The sand' flies and mosquitoes were almost un- bearable, and they could not camp without many smoke al - nudges built around them. Pushing on they came to the en- trance to the Yellowhead pass, where at a small trading post, they encountered the first white men they had seen for more than a month—in fact eince they left St. Ann on the 28th of July. At the trading post. thay replenished their supply of pro- visions. From this date they did not see, another human being until a few days before Christmas, when they were rescued front impending death from starvation. Shortly after leaving the trading post they encountered poor luck in huntting, on which they depended principally for food, and had the fur- ther misfortune to' have most of their provisions spoiled by water in cross- ing a swift stream. With thair rifles they succeeded in killing a hawk, which they ate, and occasionally they caught a fish, although the fishing was very poor. On September 4 they camped at the Little Smoky river. September 7 found them at the end of their trail. After that they had to travel through the wil lerness by compass. They crossed what they eaten the last of their small stock of provisions, and front that date until tile middle of December—three long mumps—they had nothing to eat ex- cmuting berries, what little game they ',mid kill, and horseflesh. ily this time they had completely lost their bearings. They had only one match left and knew that they were at least 100 miles from the nearest settlement of any kind. Oc- casionally they killed a porcupine or s quirrel, which they ate, but the game as scarce in the muskeg country and they eould travel only Slowly ' and with the utmost difficulty. They wore forced to use the last match, which they had treasured, and after that time they were compelled to carry their fire with them in a ket- tle wherever they went, having to stop frequently to repjenish it with dry twigs. October 3rd found them nearly starved: On that day they killed the pack horse, SnowbalL The food strengthened them, but it was a week before they were in shape to travel. The diet of horse meat affected their health, too. Their eyesight and hear- ing began ,to suffer. October 13th they started to look for the Grand Prairie trail, crossing a river which had frozen over.' October 20th the dog managed td Dice a lynx, whieh they killed and ate. They staggered out through tho snow, and on the 25th were compelled to kill another horse, Billy. They camped for several days and cooked as much of the horse meat as they could carry. They also made horsehide moccasins. Start- ing out once more they abandoned everything in their packs that was not absolutely necessary for them to take. They were too weak to hunt, both suffering terribly from dysen- , try. Pack Is Burned. ! They managed through all their difficulties to keep their fire going, although this necessitated the slow- est of traveling and much loss of . sleep. On November 11 ono of the I horses, Bob, fell in a small strediu and was drowned. While they went back to skin the carcass and dress the meat they left their camp fire burning, butt during their absence a heavy wind came up, fired the grass and burned their pack containing al- most all of their clothing. Baffled by the muskegs, so ill and weak from their diet of horse meat that they could scarcely travel, they nevertheless staggered forward short distances front day to day, trying to back -track to the Little Smoky river, which they had left more than two months ago. On the 27th of November they kill- ed the fourth horse, Nibs, and here a pathetic incident occurred. The last remaining horse, Kid, realizing that it was his turn for slaughter next, deliberately left the camp dur- ing the night, although before that It had been impossible to drive him away front their tent. Only through tracking him in the snow were they able to recover the horse. Back on the Smoky. By December 8th they had reached a condition where Cornell was unable to travel any further and they felt that death was near. Emaciated from a constant diet of horseflesh and BO weak that they had during the last few days been able to travel only a few hundred yards at a time, they were completely discouraged, when Pitzer, starting out in a final effort to find a trail, come on the Smoky river, for which they had spent a month searching. here they camped, hoping to recruit their failing strength, but growing steadily weak- er. One bitterly cord night in mid - December they heard a sound as of same one chopping trees with an axe. Pitzer took the direction by compass and the next morning staggered out in the direction from whic', the sound came. A few hundred yards brought him upon a half-breed Indian cutting timber. Overjoyed at the sight of a human being, Pitzer, in his weakened condi- tion could hardly control his emo- tioh. He made a bargain with the half-breed to take them back to Lake St. Ann, from which point they could hire transportation to Edmonton. Their troubles were now over, and on Christmas eve they reached a com- fortable hotel at Edmonton, where they remained Until they had, recov- ered their health. There, they sep- arated, having abandoned their quest for 'gold in the northern wilderness. AN APPEAL TO CANDIDATES FOR PUBLIC OFFICE IN MONTANA THESE ARE WAR TIMES Montana has responded most generously to all war demands—Liberty Loans, the Re 0 Cross, Y. M. O. A , Knights of Columbus, War Savings Certificates—to say nothing of the large aggregate of money given in smaller ways for other war pur- poses. Montana people have advanced $100,000,000 for war purposes. Montana has 33,000 gallant sons ia the service, more men than composed Washing- ton's army in the revolutionary war. Montana leads the nation in her spirit of loyalty and patriotism as evidenced by her responses to all demands. But this has not been accomplished without great sacrifices and a serious drain upon the resources of the state. And now Montana has a patriotic duty to herself to perform. There has been a crop failure in seven counties in the state. Many of our citizens in these counties as a consequence are in dire need. Never has there been a time when the necessity was more vital for conservation of our own resources. On August 27th you will know whether you have been successful in the primaries in securing the nomination for the office you seek. Successful candidates in the general election in November will be required to furnish a .SURETY BOND before they can qualify for their offices. THE WESTERN ACCIDENT & INDEMNITY COMPANY is the only Montana com- pany engaged in writing public official bonds. The Western Accident & Indem- nity Company and its officers and directors, all citizens of Montana, have pur- chased approximately $100,000 of Liberty Bonds. The money paid to this company for premiums for public official bonds remains in Montana, is invested in the state, and, so far as is possible, in such a manner as to alleviate the financial drain in our commonwealth caused by the war - We urgently request public officials elected to favor us with their bonds. We ask you to keep this in mind from this time. New York, Baltimore and other eastern bonding centers are not entitled to make fur- ther drain on Montana bonding premiums by bidding for this business. Public official bonds to be written this fall in Montana will aggregate more than $10,000,000. The premiums on these bonds will represent a 'substantial sum which should be re- tained in Montana. Appealing to your spirit of loyalty to Montana, and offering to you in return bonding facilities in this state unequaled by any other company—A bonding service founded upon efficiency and strictest business integrity, by a company of the most substantial financial responsibility. We present all of these facts in the best interests of Montana, in a spirit of service to you and in the hope that you will \IAJ WaRNUED\ WESTERN C LIEN A Hugh D. Cook, President COMPANY MONTANA Home Office Helena, Montana PRICE OF SILVER FIXED , DOLLAR CENT AND HALF The treasury has announced that it had virtually fixed the maximum price of silver at $1.01 1 / 2 per fine ounce and that export licenses rot silver would be granted by the fed- eral reserve board only for essential civil or military purposes and on con- dition that the maximum price was not exceeded by the purchaser. This, in °feet, established a world price for silver, most of which is being supplied by the United States, and is of immense importance to Montana which produces more silver than any other state in the union. Its pro- duction, heretofore has been lar- gely a hi -product, but the dou- bling of the price is opening many properties that have been abandoned for a quarter of a century. Within the last three months the government has melted devil about 100,000,000 silver dollars and ex- ported most of this to India, China and Japan for coinage purposes. Since the law under which this was done specifies that the govern- ment shall pay $1 per ounce for sil- ver to replace these melted dollars, the government found it necessary to sell its own stocks at 1 1 / 2 cents above the purchase price. Recently some purchasers have been 'bidding as much as ;1.02 for silver to be ex- ported, necessitating action to sta- bilize the price. V. STEWART CALLS GEN. ELECTION NOV. 5 At the fOrthcoming election, pro- claimed for Tpesday, November 5 recently by Governor S. V. Stewart the electors will vqte for the follow- ing state officers: One United States senator. One representative in congress for the First Congressional district, com- prising the counties west of the Main range of the Rocky mountains. One representative in congress for the Second Congressional district, comprising the counties east of the Rocky mountains. One asociate justice of the supreme court. One state auditor, to fill vacancy. One railroad commissioner. Judges will be elected in the Sec- ond, Tenth, Sixteentk and Eighteenth 'judicial districts. Several constitutional amendments will be voted on, as follows: An act to amend the constitution providing that evidence of debt may be exempt from taxation. An act authorizing the issuance of ;250,000 bonds for tile construc- tion of a state owned terminal eleva- tor at Great Falls to be operated by the state. There will also be submitted a bill by initiative for the enactment of a law to authorize and regulate thp practice of chiropratic, and to estab- lish a state board of chiropractic ex- aminers. Members of the house of represen- tatives will be elected in all coun- ties, and senators will be chosen in the following counties: Broadwater, Cater, Cascade, Fallon, Fergus, Flat- head, Granite, Jefferson, Lincoln, Madison, Mineral, Missoula, Raven!, Richland, Rosebud, Sanders, Sheri- dan, Silver Bow, Stillwater, Teton, Toole, Valley, Wheatland Wibeauxu Yellowstone and in Lewis and Clark and Meagher counties, to fill va- cancies. The following officers will be elect- ed In each county: Commissioner, sheriff, county clerk, treasurer, as- sessor, county attorney, superintend- ent of common schools, coroner, pub- lic administrator, surveyor and au- ditor. MONTANA INVENTION TO IMPROVE CANNED MUSIC Papers of incorporation of the Pathfinder Manufacturing company, a ;100,000 concern were filed re- cently. The company will have head- quarters in Anaconda and will manu- facture a phonographic attachment, which will do away with the necessity of careful adjustment of the phono- graph needle or point. With the use of the \Pathfinder\ attachment, the needle may be placed any place on the margin of the record and will be self adjusting. The company has ta- ken over the patent of John A. Shoe- rnaker,,. formerly a principal in the city school, who is one of the prin- ciple stockholders in the new corpora- tion. Men of the 1918 class will be drawn upon to fill a call for 1,000 white men to entrain for Camp Lewis from September 3 to September 66. The federal government is in need of 1,000,000 unskilled laborers. Conscription will probably be resort- ed to. Montana's quota under the call is 6,890 men. Living cost has increased 69 per cent since the war began. ;• Carnation In Now For Threshing Get Your (1 / 1Ei / n ri t A 11 , : . 2 ' 4 11 11: - MiiV:•1 ek t. .\ 4' V ' J There's one trouble you need not have at all in the busiest time of your year on the grain farm. You can settle the milk trouble for that time— as for all times—by stocking up with _ several cases of 'siltation Milk Carnation is sweet, fresh, pure milk evaporated to the consistency of cream, and canned. It keeps perfectly in a cool, dry place until used on your table. Dilute Carnation with an equal volume of water, and you have milk of natural strength, excellent for drinking or for any use to which you put milk. Also Preferred by city cools \\ Carnation should be used in tea and coffee or on fruits and cereals just as it comes from the can. \ ewe Carnation for cooking is a blessing to any housewife. It makes everything you cook taste better. \The Story of Carnation Milk,\ a book that we will be glad to send you free, gives over 100 tested recipes. Mail us your address for it. Better make a memorandum and get several cases of Carnation the next time anybody goes to the store. YOUR GROCER HAS CARNATION • \Il't • • • t: ---- \;/40% • ... 0„ . s , .V• \V 4 .V\ (( 1 / 4 Carnation Milk Products Company, Seattle, Wash. • • ?Ct . '\• _ ( EARN TELEGRAPH HARD WORK vs HEAD WORK What a coatrast between the pay of the HARDWORKER and that of the HBADWORKER. , Four months makes the change at this school. Wake up, young men and young women. to the wonderful opportunities we often i classes to accommodate you regardless of the hours you Easy mon work. I Pay- ments. We tskq Imes scripted mem ihrif government ma We have sem WWI to place a mambo In high salaried position. Butte College of Telegraphy, Butte, Montana , 1 • • •,, • - •4 o. p.s.ncin cr. \c - ) are, • . . (-°-; , IV/ , •ile , eS.t., •