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THE STANFORD WORLD - \ - 4 PROBLEMS FACING STRICKEN WORLD Shall Chaos or Reconstruction in Europe Follow the Great World War? mErf DiANGED BY BATTLE Soldiers Have Learned What Can Be Accomplished by the Use of Forces' Sternly and Efficiently Applied. Article IX a -- .By FRANK COMERFORD. Making a soldier out of a civilian noes more than change the clothes he weal's. It changes tho man. Men who:, had never owned a revolver or Vile, who had aver even shot one off, who had never killed anything in t het lives, were given firearms. They wet* _drilled, taught to shoot, taught to ki: The education was thorough and scientific. They learned to look -dosOln the sight of a rifle,, pick out a litusian heart for a target, fire and eagerly watch for the man to fall. They were trained to rush mlly at a Wall of human beings and drive bay- onets into men's heads and bowels. Melly of these men n few years be ford would have fainted in a stock- yar))s where cattle were being killed. Fa- four years they have been in a hurhan slaughterhouse, not only as spectators. but as part of the place. It 'steeled these men. Many of them et trussed the undertaker's polist of vi&v towards life, a fatalism without fear. ,xiierIence In battle taught Ahem .c.' the, meaning of the 'Word \forte.\ They discovered that' the individual wtks only important and. efficient 'when heiacted in concert with n great group. Ei rythIng depended upon learn works, Mnlearned that a group of men tt rking In harmony, with, nerve and rits with fixed bayonets, could do w derful things. They could take an oli/ective. In other words, take the thihg they wanted and needed, When th#se men came hack into civil life atO took off khaki and put on over- alls, the taking off of the khaki and the putting on of mufti did not erase frem their minds this lesson the war bald taught them. , this lesson has 'borne fruit. The men look at the eMployer as an en- emy. The employer thinks of them ats a commodity. Hatred Is cordial. 'Ille men want somethingS They de- tnd it. The employer refuses. Tiseir objective is to get the thing they want and need. The war taught therri there Is a was, a weapon:—Force. Todass'in Europe men reason, \If we can't get what we want, and need, we must take it. We have the force.\ lliaidng grown habited to suffering, ac - cult . t rued to blood and death, they lod .svIth Indifference on the question of C ang* of price:' They saw that tvli#n nations cdtild - not agree they re- sorted, to' force.. They dlicovered that victory generally, went to the nation possessing the greatest force. Threat of \Direct Action.\ In the labor movement of Europe we have this Idea it what Is called \direct action.\ \Direct action\ Is nothing more or lenti than hpplying war methods to peace conditions. It Is an effort on the part of great groups of working men to compel recognition of their demands. They' seek to se- cure their objective by force. No al- lowance -Is made for__the_fact that. methods justifiable In war are not right In peace. Few people will deny that war Is the supreme expression of force. Many men got their first taste of fresh air and decent food while In the army. Very properly the allied gov- ernments gave the best of everything to the men In the armies. It isn't diffi- cult to get accustomed to good food and fresh air; It is hard to go back to poor food and the tenements. Back home, many of the demobilized sol- diers' are not eating as well or as much as they ate during their service, Notwithstanding the rigid discipline of army life, men are treated as men. The humblest man in. the ranks has rights that must be respected. This is not always the case In civil life. Then, too, while In unIfOrtn the pri- vate was made much' of. Class dis- tinction was obliterated. He was looked upon as one of his country's defenders. Since he has been demobi- lized he has been forgotten and neg- lected. This has soured him. He re- sents it. Social - distinctions have come back. He is only a working man now. Another cause of unrest among the working man of Europe grows out of the war. Mobilization took millions of men from their jobs. A great short- age of labor . rescflted. Employers were forced to compete to get men. The usual competition wag among men to get jobs. The law of supply and demand affected the labor market, wages went' up. The soldier went off to war. While he was In the trenches the wages back home were high.' His pay was small. Our fighting men were not interested In pay. They went to fight for a principle. With the coming of peace a large quantity of labor was dumped upon the market, The demobilized men rushed for employment. Comrades competed for jolts. The same old law of supply and demand sent wages to bogganlmt The number 'of men who wanted jobs was much greater than the number of places available. The returning soldier seeking a job was offered a much smaller wage than he knew was paid for the Stolle work while he had been fighting. It in- censed him. He figured that he had given four years out of his life, hail come home tired and broke, lie look- ed upon the decline In wages as a positive diseriminatioil *mutest him. Comparison Breeds Discontent. Everywhere I have heurd these men say: \SVe are out of luck. The bands played and 'we were applauded when we left to tight. While we were gone the wages went up. We don't begrudge the men who stayed at home the wages they got, but It's damn funny that alien we come back down go wages. The cost of living don't go down. I guess we're out of luck.\ found two phrases inseparable in Ilk speech of e discontented. \the i c t th hig cost of living:\ \the profiteer.\ Workingmen with whom I talked, freely admitted that some of the high cost of livingovas time legitimate re- sult of the great demand for every- thing and the natural shortage, hut In the same breath they insisted that much of It was due to the tuercenary, ghoulish profiteer. The profiteer took blood money dur- ing the world's greatest tragedy. He exacted usury from the toiler at home and the fighting man at the front. Ile drew dividends out of tne tears and walls of broken-hearted women an fright-stricken children. He minted his gold out of agony, starva- tion, heartaches. He stands today the Judas of the war, the Most de- spised man of earth. , The profiteer is not an Englishman. a Frenchman, Italian or American. He is found in every country of the world. a man without nationality, without conscience. without humanity. He is the pimp of civilization, Ile Is still On the job. The profiteer has given the United States a terrible black eye. A com- mon comment of Europe is, \The United States made money out of the war.\ These people do not refer to the money we 'made legitimately. They point, to the: fact. a fact that has been given great publicity In Eu- rope, that in August. 1914, there were about 7,000 millionaires in the United States, while at the time of the sign- ing of the armistice It was estimated the millionaire colony had increased by 23.000, making n total of 30,000 millionaires in the United States. The profiteer is still on the job. He is holding up the world, a starving, cold world. •.. Profiteering Case In Point. Under date of November 17, 1919. J. S. Bache & Co., members of the New York stock exchange, in their financial letter say: \In Mercantile circles there is proceeding at the present time a vast amount of speculation on a very large scale in commodities. An Incident 18 cited to us of one con- cern that is carrying 415,000.000 worth of vegetable oils, which are in great demand, and the concern Is holding them for higher prices. This is a distinct damage tp the consumers. and keeps living prices. In these things, used daily, at top and Increasing lev- els. Speculation of this kind Is a real detriment to the community.\ Tilt pair of shoes the workingman once bought for $3.50 are now $8 and $10. It Is true that the cost of labor hod material have gone up, but not enough to warrant any such exorbi- tant prices. Busrness men have tak- en advantage of the situation, and jus- tify 'their larcenies on the ground of the law of supply and detnand. A shoe man with a prominent Chicago firm, a man long in the business, told me that the present unwarranted and outrageous price of shoes was due to the fact that American shoe manufac- turers-eould- get_ttlmost_ any pr1ceJoi shoes from the barefooted people of Europe. . Governments are blamed for not dealing with this species of holdup. The discontented ask \Why isn't profiteering treason—why shouldn't these Fagans be sent to the wall with a Bring squad as an escort?\ (C4ottyrIght.11 1 20..Western Newspapor Union) Greatest of Hun Crimes. Evidence that destruction wrought In France and Belgium by German ar- mies was deliberate and unjustified by military necessity has accumulated since the signing of the armistice, ac- cording to a statement given out by the national committee of the United States for the restoration of the li- brary at Louvain. Col. William Bar- clay Parsons,. subway builder, who commanded the eleNenth engineers, the regiment that went to Haig's aid with picks and shovels when the Huns were driving at the channel ports, In a letter, to the executive committee, of which Nicholas, Murray Butler, presi- dent of Columbia university, is chair- man, called the destruction of the Lou- vain library, with its precious treas- ures, the greatest of Teuton crimes in Belgium. Noted Europeans were quot- ed as sharing similar views. Germans to Be Prosecuted. Prosecution will be carried out, ac- cording to announcement made In Bev lin, of German subjects charged with offenses and crimes committed in Ger- many against the person or property of hostile aliens during the war and up to June 29 of this year. The at- torney general will be obliged 'to pros- ecute crimes perpetrated by Germans abroad during this period If the crimes are also punishable under the law of the country where committed. The law covering general procedure In these eases has been submitted to the national assembly. It permits rel. nitres or heirs of the injured party te !mover as comnlainanta. trAci Nrexak SHEEP SCABIES ERADICATED More 'Than Ten Million Dippings Made by Employees of the Depart: ment of Agriculture. In the work of eradicating sheep settbies from the United States em- ployees of the United States depart- ment of agriculture made more than 22 million inspections and supervised more than ten million clippings dur- ing the last fisepl year. The work was conducted In co-operation with state officials. No' eases of sheep scabies are now known to exist in Montana or North Dakota, in addi- tion to numerous other states where the disease had previously been eradi- cated. In Idaho a spread of the in. Dipping Sheep for Scabies. feetion . during the previous year has been brought under control. Sheep scabies is a disease that has been prevalent chiefly in the western part of the United States, KEEPING CATTLE AND SWINE It Remains to Be Determined What Are Most Common and Beet. Paying Propositions. The keeping of cattle and of swine appear to be almost inseparable opera- tions. This fact is being brought out in time returns of the \Better Sires— Better _S.tock\ crusade of the agricul- tural colleges, the United States de- partment of agriculture and co-operat- ing agencies. This general practice has long been known, but much more definite information is being gathered. and the purpose is to extend it to such an extent as to determine the relation- ships among nil meat animals. If nearly every man who keeps cat- tle also keeps hogs, and if nearly every man who keeps hogs also keeps cattle, the inevitable conclusion is that the \cembination pays, especially when purebred sires are used. But. It re- mains to be determined what are the most common and the best-paying pro- portions, The same thing applies also to combinations of cattle and sheep, or swine and sheep, or cattle and sheep and swine. One benefit of the work will be that It will - enable the man of small personal experience to avail himself of the wide experience of a great number of men In working out the combinations of meat animals that he will carry on his farm. ECONOMICAL FEED FOR BEEF As Silage Becomes Better Known Feeders Will Better Appreciate Its Feeding Value. There Is no doubt but that silage Is an 'economical feed in the beef -cattle ration and as its value becomes better known feeders will better appreciate Its merits. In spite of the fact that it Is an unbalanced feed itself, It can be fed with ,one of the highly concen- trated feeds, such as oil meal or cot- tonseed meal, and makes a ration which Is surely hard to beat in fatten- ing cattle. CARE OF EWE IS IMPORTANT Machine Through Which Lamb Will Obtain Qualities to Enable It to Top Market What is done for the lamb is not so Important as the care and liberal feed- ing of the ewe. The ewe must be re- garded as the machine through which the lamb will obtain the qualities that will enable It to top the markets. lave SrocK Nares It is very essential that ewes should be properly fed. • • • A self -feeder can be used to excel- lent advantage for fattening hogs and pigs. * • • Dotter live stock aids the breeder both in direct returns and by giving a locality a favorable reputation. • • In the cold months many farmers fall to give the stock enough salt. Salt Is a vital part Of each animal's ra• URIC ACID IN MEAT CLOGS THE KIDNEYS Take a Glass of Salts If Your Back /hots or Madder Hother s. - If you :oust have your meat every day, eat It, but flush your kidneys with salts oecasionally, Kays a noted au- thority who tells us that timid forms uric acid which almost paralyzes time kidneys in their efforts to expel it from the blood. They': become slue - glob amid weaken, then you suffer with a dull misery in the Woo' region, sharp pains in the back or slek head. ache, dizziness, your stomach sours, tongue is coated and when the weather Is had you % have rheumatic twinges, The urine gets cloudy, full of sedi- ment, the elmitnels often get sore and irritated, obliging you to seek relief two or three times daring the night. To neutridize these IrritutIng acids, to cleanse thp . kidneys anti flush off the body's urn - IOUs waste get four ounces of Jad Salts front any phar- macy here; take a tablespoonful In a glass of water before breakfast for a few days and your kidneys will then act fine. This famous salts Is made from the acid of grapes and lemon julce, tomblned with lithia, and has been used for genet - talons to flush and stimulate sluggish kidneys, also to neutralize the acids in urine, so It no longer irritates, thus ending bladder Weakness. Jad Salts Is inexpensive; cannot in - jive, and makes a delightful efferves- cent Ilthla-water drink.—Adv. It is a question whether life was Meant to be hard; It is certain that we can make it so. You may have noticed.that few busi- ness men feel at ea:4e at it polite filial bum. \DIAMOND DYES\ DON'T RUIN YOUR MATERIAL Women! Don't Buy a Poor Dye That Fades, Streaks, or Runs. Each package of \Diamond Dyes\ contains directions so simple that any women can diamond -dye a new, rich, fadeless color into worn, shabby gar- ments, draperies, coverings, whether wool, silk, linen, cotton or mixed goods. Buy \I tIttlitiold Dyes\—no other kind —then perfect results are guaranteed even if you have never dyed before. Druggist has color card.—Adv. Grasshopper Bali. A year ago the grasshopper ate up nearly $100,000,000 worth t of our win- ter wheat. Scieitce nt once set about devising some scheme to control this pest. They mixed a concoction, Oh t an enormous scale, known as \grussliop. per balt,\making , 1„;65 tons of It. or enough to 1111 183 large railroad cars. To mix this bait they used 500,000 lenams. eighty-three bins of white ar- senic anti other ingredient's in similar proportion. The Nth was then scat- tered over a great area 1mm 1%7:111st04. The grasshoppers ate It freely, with the expected result. This year there are no grasshoppers. in IS'enstts.--.- IIoys' Life. Must Have His Smoke. flusba nd (newly married) —Don't you think, love, if I smoke it would spoil the curtains? Wife—Alt, you are really the niost unselfish nnd thoughtful husband to be found anywhere! Certainly it would. Husband—Well, take the curtains down. — Pittsburgh Chroniele-Tele- graph. ; Fitting Action. \What did they do when the speak- easy ceught firer - \Sent in n still alarm.\ Everything comes if a man will wait. —Tattered. The children love Wrigley's—and it's good for them. Made under conditions of absolute cleanliness and brought to them In Wrigley's sealed sanitary package. Satisfies the craving for sweets aids digestion.sweet- ens breath, allays thirst and helps keep teeth clean. Costs little, benefits much. THE FLAVOR LASTS 4iN cAre .v .\ 1 - Ol t . • _ It a t .'i,i1 , .. 6 040 0 - ors- -. ,.. : tv, :: GL‘E t. L, E; s' 41 : 17....vi SPEARMIN : , i., ' , ERE f.c.3 qum .........-..- 11! ,,,,,.. i . 4 ,, World's Sleepiest Tramp. .a widely known character, one Jul- ius Mercier, ealled lie sleeping tramp,\ leis been arrested ium %'er• sallies, aceorilhig to the Manchester Ounrtilati. This occasion lie Isettorged with the theft of rabbits. The morning before his arrest he wits found on the ((rand route by a carter In a deep sleep, from whirl, nil efforts of Bits littler billed . to wake him. In the pollee stntion lie woke Up for is few minutes, then fell asleep (weirs It was (timid absolutely impos- slide ft) arouse him from slumber, and he wits sent to n hosplitni, where lie continues In the same state. Neither drunkennesa nor lethergic encephalitis have nnything to do with this curious case of one who must lake high rank among the tired fraternity. Not •Himself. \I once heard a pugilist say lie would not enter the movies for a sal- nry of $10,000 a week find nothing could induce him to go on the stage and make a monkey out of himself, as he wit, a fighter and not an actor.\ \Extraordinary I Whitt happened next?\ \His manager rushed up In great distress ond_aoan_provetio th oils - faction of everybody present that the pugilist hind been drinking and was not responsible for his wild talk.\— Binningham Age -Herald. Al 0 Star-Spangled British Product It raine recently to tin. attentIon of the Amerleatt eliamber of cionnterce In 11»11 a British Jinn was using the Atitelirolt tItta HMI WortIR 111111 lOtilist.s 11141141%111ot Altietivell origin tot - flue advertising, container and bottle labels of n iltrItisli prepare - Bon. ComitimilcatIon :Ills fact to the British board of trade saw all traditions of deparinieetal red tape shattered %Olen the Isnird of trade rung up by telephoile Instead of fol- lowing the usual foruml tortuous channels . of communication. After oh. Mining further particulars the firm ,oncerned was called to neeninit and liss agreed to refrain from the objec- tionable prtietice 1mm future.—l'ite Na- tion's Business . . A Regular Dog. Ile was looking for a good canine companion and had nnswered an ad- vertisement In the newspeper. The ((Mott lug conversetion ensued: \You advertised it sensible dog for solo?\ \Yet).\ \What do you mean by a amisible dog?\ \l'his pup has never 11811 a ribbon around his neck and hits never rid- den In a limousine since the day he wits horn. Lip's a happy-heurted. bone - burying, cat-chashig, 100 per cent dog,\ —Houston Post. 25 Cen s will buy a big package of POSTUM CEREAL weighing over a pound, net. What are you paying for coffee?