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\•' Sanders County Democrat VOLUME I. PLAINS. MONTANA, FRIDAY, JANUARY 7. 1910. NUMBER 12 NORTHWEST NEWS ITEMS NOTES SELECTED FOR BUSY READERS. ABOUT PEOPLE AND EVENTS IN MONTANA, MAIM OREGON AND WASHINGTON. WASHINGTON STATE NEW& Herman V. Suuesou and John Wazi- key, diamond drill men in the Walter Scott mine near Northport, lost their lives Sunday from bad air. After nearly 80 years of varied pio- neer life, George W. Conrad passed away at his home, Loon Lake recently. Luther George Hager, a member of the Post-Intelligencer staff, employed as cartoonist, recently married Miss Beat- rice Holbroek Dearborn, heiress in her -own right to a fortune estimated at a half million dollars. The Palouse river is covered with ice lila to eight inches thick, and teams are at work putting up a supply. Nick Brunski committed suicide at Spokane. January I was the coldest New Yeses eiay ever officially recorded in Seattle, time temperature having fallen to 27 above zero. C. W. Waters, receiver the defunct Palouse State Bank, has announced that he will pay the creditors a diviAend of 20 per cent on their claims as a New ear's remembrance, the payment to be made Jeuuary 5. Preliminary plans for fighting frost ',oat string have been ,perfected and nearly every orchard aloug the Colum- bia river from White Bluffs to Hoover will be equipped with smudge pots be- fore chill nights of early spring come. The first Union Pacific train to enter Seattle artived Sunday afternoon. The town of Cunuingham has let the -contract for sinking a well for city and lire use. K. C. Kohler, Ellensburg, F. M. Roth- 'eek, Spektaa 7y !, 10 k.- rr .4ai(pon, Day- ton, have been appointed by Governor M. E. Hay as delegates to the National Wool Growers' association, which meets / at Ogden, Utah, January 6, 7 and 8. The postotlica department is sending out warnings to the public and to its -offices in regard to money order blanks from the town of Ostrander, this state. These orders were taken in a robbery of that office en July 13 last and their numbers run from 6259 to 6400, inclus- ive. J. M. Bennington of litzville pleaded guilty to a charge of forgery and was sentenced to Walla Walla for not less than three nor more than 20 years. Spokane bank clearings for 1909, were $206,504,834, showing a gain of $52,619,• 093 over 1908, an increase of 34- per cent. The Walla Walla wireless telegraph station is in operation aad already the operator, John F. Titus, has succeeded n getting into communication with a point in the Pacific ocean within 500 miles of the Hawaiian islands. T. II. McGown, a fi rmer living near • Garfield, was recently fined $15 and costs for violation of the compulsory education law in that he refused to send his two sons, aged 8 and 15 years, to school. The health officer has posted notices at Chewo/ah forbidding any public gath- erings and schools on account of scarlet fever. E. E. Lambirth of Davenport sold 23,000 bushels of wheat for $1.10 per bushel net, after paying all warehouse charges. Revised estimates of the Alaska and Puget Sound salmon pack for 1909 place the total at 3,917,000 CARPS, valued at $17,206,000. The Alaska pack was worth $2,000,000 more than that of the Sound. The Odd Fellows of Wenatchee are preparing to -erect a niav At Ephrata a commercial club was organized recently with a membership of 25. At Dayton William A. Cronsler, a well known farmer, was granted a decree of divorce from Mamie Croesler on the grounde of incompatibility of temper. According to recent statistics of the state railway commissioner, 1240 miles of new railroad is projected to affect the Inland Empire and the state of Wash- ington in 1910. For the second time within 20 years a case of leprosy was recently diseov- fired in Seattle and the victim ordered deported to the government leper eol- ony in the liewaiian islands. He was Eroak Govern, a Scandinavian. MALMO C. P. Lindley says the Craig Moon lainrailroad will be in operation the latter part of January. The railroad branchee from the Camas prairie road sevensl miles north of Vollmer see runs to the new town of Winchester. Professor Franilson and his assistants - in the dairy department of the Univer- sity of Idaho have completed a fine program for the Idaho state dairy con- ventieri at Caldwell, January 10 and 11. The sorting plant and ore bias of the Mace mines burned Sunday, near Wal- lace, together with the sorting ma- chinery, heating plant, blacksmith shop and 200 feet of expensive cribbing, en- tailing a loss estimated between $75,000 and $100,000. The fire is supposed to have started in the heating plant, but the exact cause is not yet determined. At Fort Lapwai the Indian police re- cently araisted on the reservation near Sweetwater an alleged aootlegger, known as Harry Parsons. W. Bennett, formerly of the Cable Milling company of Post Falls, which plant has been sold to the Washington Water Power company, will organize a new company and construct a flour - mill with 100 or more barrels capacity daily at Coeur d'Alene. Uncle Sam's prices on the Indian lands of the Coeur d'Alene reservation may be raised a million dollars above the original estimates. The formal order granting an injunc- tion against the Washington Water Power company on the beartrap dam at Post Falls was issued by Judge R. N. Dunn of Coeur d'Alene. Saloon men of Wallace who have been accused of supplying liquor to arobated men in defiance of the law assert in defense that they made no such sales to a man they knew to be on the list. The Wallace high school band of 12 pieces will soon make its initial appear- ance in public. The several commercial bodies of the reservation towns and surrounding coun- try will be represented at a general conference to be held in Lewiston 4ith- in the next three weeks for the purpose of discussing the best mode of proced- ure to secure a revocation of an order recently made by the Indian depart- ment. A sale of hogs at which yearlings brought an average price of $37.50 and pigs 6 months old $14.60, has- been are - ported tar James McKane of Oran°. Thomas ft. Evans was run over and killed four miles east of Bonners Fer- ry on the Great Northern. Evans was 46 years old and leaves a mother. Joe Conklin was found with his throat cut in an unoccupied shack northwest of l'ost Falls recently. Articles of incorporation of the Bank of Kamiah with a capital stock of $10,- 000, have been filed with the county re- corder. Locals of the Farmers' Educational and Cooperative Union of America will meet in Peck January 8, to arrange for the erection of one of the largest grain warehouses and tramways in the Clear- water country. Miss Emma J. Harland, near Weiser, became despondent over a love affair and took her life with a .22 rifle, the bullet entering her heart. Frank F. Johnson, president of the First National bank of Wallace and president of the First National Bank of Twin Falls will soon be elected cashier of the Boise National. MONTANA HOTEL The body of Mrs. Chris Johnson, wife of a rancher, was found recently in a well at Helena, into which she had jumped in a fit of despondency. A winter road through the heart of a fountain suitable for traffic by sleighs, is to be made in the Haskell Pass tun- nel on the abandoned line of the Great Northern railway, 20 miles of which is to be appropriated by Flathead county for a highway. To make a sled surface it is proposed by the county surveyer that the water caught from the moun- tain be dammed up and flowed into the tunnel to freeze and form ice where snow can never fall. Caught by a 9 -year -old boy detective, Ah Buoy, Chinese merchant of Kalis- pell paid a fine for having sold cigar- ettes to minors. Capitalists of Minneapolis, including John Washburn, well-known milling man, have bought $150,000 additional stock in the Kalispell Flour Mill com- pany, whieh has increased its capitali- zation to $200,000. One of Kalispell 's oldest buildings, which has for 19 years stood on Main street, was destroyed by fire recently. Discarding every part of the old tele- phone eyetern that has served Kalis- pell for 12 years, the Northern Idaho & Montana Power company will, within a few weeks, establish service on a mod- ern light signal system, adapted to 1,000 phones. It. in said that the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. PAU! Railroad company will make public an announcement, within the next fortnight of its new line, which will pass through Lewistown. The Butte Miners' union, by an over- whelming vote, decided to keep hands off the switchmen's strike at Great Falls. As a result of the otrike the Boston & Montana smelter at Great Falls and that company's mine in Butte, employing about 4000 men, are idle. OZEGON SQUIB& Hermiston. — The government will drain the lakes on the government pro- ject and much of the water will be used a second time. TgEresignation of the Rev. J. Whit- comb Brougher, for Ai,: years molter of the First Baptist church in Portland, was accepted by the prudential commit- tee of that church. The Rev. Mr. Brongher will answer a call from the Temple Baptist church of Los Angeles. BANKER MORSE STARTS 15 -YEAR TERM IN PRISON. EX FINANCIER OF NEW YORK SAYS HIS IS A MOST BRU- TAL SENTENCE. New York, Jan. 2.—With a supreme effort to be cheerful, but with emo- tion occasionally getting the better of him, Charles W. Morse left New York today to begin a 15 years' sentence in the federal prison at Atlanta, Ga., for violation of the national banking laws. Before leaving the Tombs, where he had been confined for the greater part of the last year, Morse received his wife and two eons and then the newspaper men. lie was too affected to say any- thing but he handed out a carefully pre- pared statement. Bitter StateMent by Morse. Morse's statement is bitter and dra- matic. \I am going to Atlanta to begin penal servitude under the most brutal sen- tence ever pronounced against a citizen in a civilized country,\ is his opening sentence. \I have hoped,\ the statement con- tinues, \with that hope which comes from a coriscibasnese of my innocence, that I wilt not have to close out for- ever the light and liberty of this world, under such an inhuman sentence. I have felt that the fact that Iliad paid flue and, served a year in prison would satisfy the cry for a victim and I have steadily believed that the courts would be compelled to give me a new trial. \When I learned9AL1 _the private detectives of the prosecution were the keepers of the jury, that the jury drank like men upon a jaunt or a holiday, rather than citizens on a serious serv- ice, and that as a result two of thorn were rendered ,unfit, I naturally hoped that 1 would be allowed another tri by another jury free of these hostile influences. It seems, however, that the courts intend to establish the practice, which make ruin drinking a part of a jury service and private detectives as the custodians of a jury a permanent in- stitution. \Government Gone Mad.\ \By this sentence and judgment I may be brought to ruin; but the damage done to me is not half as important as the injury to the administration of jus- tice. I am now up in years and must, with the passing of time, pass, also; but the record of my conviction and the way it was brought about will remain a lasting and dangerous example of a government gone mad in search of a victim. \ Whether I shall serve my full sen- tence, 1 am not able to say; much de- pending upon how much the govern- ment at Washington shall look upon it. I have great faith that all right-think- ing nien and women who know of me and my ease and who . realize the inhu- manity of my sentence will make known their feelings to the president. What- ever the future may have in store— liberty or imprisonment -<-I shall en- deavor to meet it in the sante way I have struggled against the misfortunei of the past two years. \C. W. MORSE.\ A few minutes before -the train left the two sons of Morse appeared for a farewell. Ile embraced them and wept as they left him. Morse braced himself for the news- paper photographers but he said noth- ing. He read a newspaper after he had arded the car. The train is due in Atlanta at noon -tomorrow. Canada Claims the Most. In proportion to population Canada is building more miles of railroad than is the United States. Canada's entire railroad mileage is now 233,000, which is one mile for every 300 inhabitants, as compared with one mile to every 381 in- habitants in the United States._,, In 1867 in all Canada there were just 2,278 miles of railroad tracks. There have been constructed in 1909 and are under construction or contract nearly twice as many miles of track as there were in Canada in 1868, or 4,327 miles. Eelaya Stays in Mexico. Former President Zelaya of Nicaragua has sent several memagen to Managua urging his friends thete to secure the release of his son in law, Joarrein Passom. He says that the rest wan a measure of retaliation and that President Madrie cannot prove the charges made. Paseoe was found guilty of misappropriation of fends. Notwithstanding statements to the contrary, there is good reason to believe that Zelaya is arranging to stay for weeks more in Mexico. \Net an automobile forget your troubles,'\ swered Mr. Cheggins, \my other tronblea.\ TRY FOR CENSUS. Applications Should Be Sent in Soon Now. By January 25 all applications for the positions of enumerators in the Thir- teenth Decennial United States Census must be filed with the superii•sors of census for the supervisors' districts in which the applicants reside. Between that date and February 5 the supervis- ors will send out cards to applicants in- forming them when they are to report for the \test\ to be held in every one of the 330 supervisors' districts on Feb- ruary 5 only. Census Director Durand emphatically states that persons desiring to hold such positions should not stand in fear of the \test\ to be made. Any person of av- erage- public school education who can write plainly and reasonably fast will go through the \test\ with \colors fly- ing.\ Washington—First district, Robert W. Hill, Seattle, King county; Second dis- trict, Guy E. Kelly, Tacoma, Pierce county; Third district, Arthur M. Storch, Spokane, Spokane county. Advertising and the Postoffice. Mr. Taft is of opinion that the maga- zines carry more advertising in proper - ion to reading matter than the news- papers. This, as it happens, is an entire mistake. But the suggestion gives op- portunity to explain that of all the busi- ness done by the postoffice department the most profitable is the carrying of ad- vertising. Rather than force magazine advertising out of the mails, the gov- ernment could better afford to carry it for nothing. The chief object of the reputable business people who patronize the advertising pages of the periodicals is to provoke correspondence. A single advertisement on one page of a periodi- cal has brought to the advertiser 17,000 letters. Each one of these letters starts a return patronage of the mails. The actual carrying of that advertisement has cost the government an infinitesimal sum. The return received by the gov- ernment has been the large profit upon the, sale of many thousands of 2 -cent stamps. It is impossible properly to consider the rate of postage to be charged by the government on one class of matter without studying the relation of the rates on different classes to one another. Mr. Taft is actuated by a corn- mentifxbile deaire to lighten the burdens of the government and to introduce economies. But as a matter of fact the carrying of newspapers and periodicals is not a burden to the poetoffice depart- ment, and it is a great boon to the in- telligent public of America.—From '\the Progress of the World,' in the American Review of Reviews for Janu- ary. ALREADY FOR EXCURSION TRAIN LEAVES SPOKANE EVEN- ING OF JANUARY 17. Surely Will Be a Jolly Crowd That Has Decided to Go to Los Angeles, California. Arrange to Go. Every drawing room taken, 175 peo- ple now booked, practically seven cars comfortably filled and everyone happy in anticipation and getting ready for the trip, is the report from Sec', Mon- roe of the Spokane Chamber of Com- m -roe in speaking of the speioal train excursion to Los Angeles, California, to leave Spokane, January 17th. From Spokane tbe rate ise99. From Walla Walla, $94. This includes every expense on the going trip—Pullman berth, all meals on diner and at the palatial hotels, all side trips and enter- tainment, also a hundred mile trip by trolley through the orange groves at Riverside, Redlands, etc., and the re- turn ticket. Tickets will be good for three months and good for stopovers. An itinerary of the trip will be mail ed any one on request. Ithrth reserva- tions are coming in rapidly, over 175 now booked. The number will be limited to about 200. The train will consist of eight Pullman., two diners, observation ear and baggage, 12 oars in tall. Access may be had tl trunks in baggage oar at any time on tne trip. 9 ' For further partionlers, write Secre- tary Levi Monroe of the Spokane Chamber of Commerce, or H. C. Mun- son, Agent 0. R. & N., Spokane, or to R. Herne, D. F. & P. A., 0. R. & N.,Walla Walla, Wash. Madame Modjeska's Memoire. The chapters of Madame M..11(441(4'11 MPT1104111 in the January Century will tell the dramatic story of this great ac- tress's triumphant rise to the heights of her profession and of the eitliSPR lead- ing up to her sudden abandonment of her art to establish with her husband and the Polish novelist Sienkiewies and ()there of her countrymen a farm colony in Cslifornia. \How's yer husband after the acci- dent, Mrs. Ginnertyl\ \ Faith, eumtoimem he's better an' help you to surntolites he's mime but from the way \Yes , \ an he swears and yills take. pn whin thoughtfully; , he's betther, Oi think he's betther when Ile's worse.\ SUMMARY OF NEWS SHORT ITEMS CLIPPED FROM DAILIES. NEARLY ALL PARTS OF THE WORLD ARE REPRESENTED HEREWITH. Frank B. Noyes, publisher of the Chi- cago Record -Herald, has sold out his interests to Herman U. Kohleaat. Governor Noel of Mississippi has ap- pointed James Gordon of ()ketone, Miss., as United States senator to succeed Senator A. J. McLaurin, who died re- cently. Jassaine Harte Steele, daughter of Bret Harte, was recently granted a di- vorce from Henry Milford Steele, for- merly prominent in Denver financial cir- cles. Charles W. Morse, the former bank- er, has been taken to the federal pris- on. Homer C. Davenport, the cartoonist, is ill at the home of a friend in San Diego. Lieutenant -Colonel Lea Febiger, for- merly in command at Fort George Wright, has been transferred from the Third Infantry to the Sixth. An estate of the estimated value of $3,000,000 is disposed of by the terms of the will of Stoughton J. Fletcher, the Indianapolis banker. F. II.Jerilyn, reputed to be a mul- timillionaire and one of the wealthiest coal mine operators in the United States, was struck dowd and probably fatally injured by a street car in San Francisco. Managua—President Madriz has sent $2,000 in gold to aid the work of the Red Cross among the prisoners of war at Bluefields. Jack Johnson and Burns may fight again, as Hugh McIntosh offers a purse of $40,000 for go in Australia. Under the new reckoning the time in Chile will correspond with that of the eastern thee division or no Laaitod States. Mrs. Russell Sage made to Yale uni- versity a gift of $630,000 to meet the entire coat of securing a 30 -acre park for a campus. The city power plant, which furnish- ed both light and water for the city of Lethbridge, Alberta, was totally de- stroyed by fire recently. Joe Gans, former lightweight boxing champion of the world, is to be superin- tendent of Jack Johnson's training camp and chief second in the ring when the present heavyweight champion fights Jim Jeffries. With the true Bohemian spirit appar ent on every side cities of the north- west ushered in the infant year with u celebration. Mrs. John A. Logan, Jr., hue an- nounced the engagement of her daugh- ter, Miss Mary Louise Logan, to Henri de Sincay of Brussels, Belgium. Celebratl n of the New Year resulted in the death, through the accidental dis- charge of a revolver, of Mrs. Frances Gardiner, the wife of Blake Gardiner. Alaska has produced since 1880 when mining first began, $168,000,000, all ex- cept $7,000,000 having been gold. Coal- fields are an important factor in Alas- ka. Three hundred feet of false structure of the McKinley bridge, now under con- struction across the Mississippi river, was kmcked out by an ice jam recently. Sixty-nine men were thrown into the river and some may have been drowned. At Trenton, Mo., three people, two of them women, were killed in a wreck recently, and 48 were injured, three seriously. Archbishop Ryan is confined to his bed with a severe cold. The bent news to the mining inter- ests of Grant and Baker counties (Ore- gon) comes from Sumpter to the effect that the imelter will resume operations in the spring. BABIES MUST NOT BE RULED OUT. Chicago Judge Says Plan of Landlords Is on Wrong Bags. chirago.--Tally one for the stork. While l3wana Tumbo, its greatest cham- pion, is in the jungles of Africa, the bird fought a great battle and won a tremendous victory when the municipal court granted it the right to hover at will above Chicago apartment bowies. Municipal Judge Himen, himself a bachelor, ruled in a test CARO that babies end older children may stay in flats just as long as father eontinnes to pay the rent. As a result, Ronne volt', anti -race suicide stock in soaring. Montana Man in Charge. R. A. Kellogg, secretary of the West- ern Pita Manufacturers' aseoriation, with offices In Spokane, has resigned. A W. Cooper of Missoula,, Mont., has been selected to fill the vacancy and will enter the office in an official capacity today to take full charge at tho end of the mnetli. GOOD ROADS PARAMOUNT. No Other One Issue So Important Te Farmers And Town Dwellers in Northwest States. The great Inland Empire, the pride of every resident of its Iraq domain, grow- ing daily in material wealth and com- mercial importance, is sadly deficient in the one thing necessary to give it.a sub- stantial permanency. Good roads, per- manent, passable highways, giving un- interrupted communication between the farm, the village and the cities, have always been the mark -of a progressive, prosperous and enlightened community. It is not necessary that these roads be built of macadam. Gravel and earth roads are sufficient in many localities where the nature of the soil and the natural drainage permit their use, but it is decidedly necessary that they be built scientifically. The time ha', arrived when the farm- ers, fruit growers and all other agricul- turists as well as the city and small town residents, most talk this matter over in plain words. A practical work- ing plan whereby the roads will actually be built, is the only salvation for the development of the limitless natural re- sources of this northwestern country. The states of Washington, Montana, Idaho, and Oregon and the southern por- tion of British Columbia could furnieh road building material for the entire United States. There is within easy reach of any square mile of this terri- tory, material for the building of sub- stantial roads which will be a dividend paying investment for years and years to come. The solution of the good roads prob- lem will not be reached until the man who owns the land along which the road runs gets his neighbors interested—for their own benefit—until this small group federates with a township organization and it in turn with the county, state and nation. Then will come the knowledge of the value of scientific advice, the services of the specialist who understands the economic values of the material at hand, the establishment of grades, drainage, the preservation of the scenic surround- ings, the utilization of every natural and artificial advantage, in the construction of a permanent highway in which the individual land owner will feel a pro- prOtary interest._ MAKE CHL.- 'ENS PA J. R. Crosswaite Tells How He Made A Success. \ Working for eggs means very little loss and great possibilities of profits; sentiment as to color and appearance of fowl does not count much for practical purposes. If we are after eggs it pays to go after eggs in a business -like man- ner.\ , John R. Crosswaite, of Deer Park, Wash., one of the most successful poul- trymen in the Inland Empire and the Pacific- Northwest, thus sizes up the poultry situation. Be believes in pro- ducing eggs rather than broilers and heavier poultry, saying that the begin- er should avoid the former, and that for the experienced man or woman there is teem profit in the latter than in eggs. He breeds fowls that produce eggs, and in view of the fact that the price ranged from 25 to 60 cents a dozen in Spokane in 1909, during which time the supply was never equal to the demand, he ap- pears to have solved the problem. MAKE TWO FLEETS OF ONE. Asiatic and Pacific Vessels Under Sep- arate Commands. On account of the growing import ance of American intermits in the far east and the difficulty of assembling the whole fleet as now constituted, the navy department has decided to divide the Pacific fleet into two separate fleets to be known as the Asiatic fleet and Pacific fleet. In January, 1907, the old Asiatic fleet was merged into the Pacific fleet and made the third squadron thereof. To day's action restores the old order. The commander -in -chief of the now Asi;l i c fleet will be Reattimiral John Itu ard, who will toile Rear Admir- al Harbor in a few days Yokohama. Rear Admiral Harbor will relieve Rear Admiral Sebree as commander -in -chief of the Pacific fleet in February. BRIEF NEWS DISPATCH'S& Study of forestry is to be made more systematic in the United States through the closer relation of the schools of for- estry and the standardization of the methods of instruction. Spencer Trask, bead of the firm of New York bankers, was crushed to death in hie private compartment in a wreck at Saratoga. At Boston, Maria, thirty-five aundrint conductors and motormen received a New Year's gift January 1 of $20 and $25 in gold as a reward for their good records in 1909. Paris.—Robert Bacon, former secre- tary of state, who now nueeeeil• Henry White as United States ambassador to France, presented his eredentials to President rallieres January 1. The sox exacted a toll of the Oloneee- ter, Hass., fishing fleet this year of four vessels and 47 men and left 13 widows and $5 fatherless children. •