Sanders County Democrat (Plains, Mont.) 1909-1910, January 07, 1910, Image 2

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MRIPCGe Ira= emesimseltannme Conundrums. When does a son not take after his father? When his father leaven him nothing to take. Why are cowardly soldiers like tal- low candles? !Because when exposed to the fire they run What was it a blind man took at breakfast which restored his sight? He took a cup and saw, sir (saucer). Why is an egg like a colt? Because' it isn't ht for use till its broken. Do you know the soldier's definition of a kiss? A report at headquarters. If Dick's father is Tom's son, what relation is Dick to Tom? Tom is his grandfather. Of what trade are all the Presidents? Cabinet makers. What is a put-up job? The paper on the wall What is higher without the head than with the head' A pillow. What is the most dangerous kind of assassin' The man who takes life cheerftely. What Is the difference between a dol- lar bill and a sliver quarter? Seventy eve cents. Optical ARE 11111: LINES wraelour? Are these four lines perfectly straight? No one would suppose at first sight that they are perfectly straight and parallel, but they will stand the test of • stralghtiegal The divergent rays eistraa the vista& Fishing tor Sponges. The sponges of commerce and the dried specimens of other species are not the actual animals, but merely their skeletons, or framework That which constitutes their vital parts Is removed in preparing them for mar- ket. Sponges do not have the power of motion possessed by most animals; they are nearly always attached to submerged objects. Since It is impos- sible for them to go in search of food, they can grow only in places where there le piliqtr of food such as they require They are more active in fresh than I 'till water, and die In a short time if exposed to the air. The surface of ▪ living sponge is covered With min- e s pores, through which water is tm- blbed, carrying with it both the air and the organic particles necessary for the support of Ilfe. Sponges are distributed through all Mos. and are classified, chiefly, ao cording to the structure of the skele ton. The Mediterranean and the Red Sea are the sponging -grounds of the old world; the grounds of the new world are the Bahamas, Southern and Western Florida, and parts of the West Indies. The best sponge of commerce le !mind in the Mediterranean and la known as Turkey, or Smyrna sponge It Is obtained by divers, who go clad in armor when diving. Sponges are usually obtained by fishing for them. When a sponging vessel arrives at the fishing -ground le the Bahamas, it is anchored, lead the crew immediately get ready for work. The sponge -fisher's outfit consists of s small boat called a \dingey a long hook, and a water -glass. The sponge hook ts a three pronged iron fork at, lotted to the end of a very long pole; the water -glass is simply a wooden water -bucket with a bottom of corn mon window -glass. To use it. the glass bottom is thrust Into the water, the fisherman puts the bell around his neck, and then buries his head deep in the bucket to exclude the light. There are always two men to each dingey; one to act as \sculler\ and the other as \booker.\ While the emitter propels the dingey along very slowly, the hooker, In a kneeling po altion, keeps his head in the water glass, looking down in the water. When a good sponge Is sighted, the hooker gives a signal and the dingey stops. Together the aculler and hooker thraisa the sponge -hook down through the water and run It under the asonge; the roots are thus pulled loose from the rocks, and soon the game Is In the dingey. Thus the work goes on until a boat -load is obtained, and then they are taken ashore and placed in crawls to be cured. The crawls are built by sticking pieces of brush or stake' Into the sand just out of the water, or where it is very stuti- low. , They remain in the crawls while undergoing maceration, and the refuse Is carried away in the ebb and flow of the tide. Usually they are left In the crawls for a week; then the Miller , men remove them and, give them • beating for the purpose of removing all chance impurities. After the beat, Mg they are thoroughly cleansed, and are ready for market. \North Pole\ Game. A new version of an old game was recently played at a party given by the girls of a certain church in Chicago. They called it \Discovering the Pole,\ and it was played somewhat in this manner: A slender pole was painted on a arge canvas which was fastened against the end of the room. Each girl was blindfolded in her turn, and was given a small nag which she was told she must try to pin to the top of the pole. The girl who cams nearest to pinning the American colors to that painted emblem of \the top of the world\ was adjudged the victorious er plorer, and was awarded the prize EUROPEAN HOTEL ROBBERS. Read of international Rand Arrested by Freneh roliese. Parts detectives have just completed t smart piece of work, the result of which is the break-up, by the arrest et the three chief organizers, of a Nand of International thieves which sae puzzled the police of Europe for • long time It appears, according to Om Preen., that the chief of the band w an a German named Starek, who has teen living in Paris, working as a alerk and occupying a small apartment in the Boulevard Voltaire. Of steady salets, he was much esteemed by those who knew him and, beyond that he liked to sit In eaten, had no question - ibis whatever. Recently Rtarnk gave out that a fel- low countryman named Hornsiehueh was coming to visit Paris with his sieee, aged 15, and hired a small apart neat for them In the Rue Saint -May - tin. They, again, appeared most re• mectable perpons. and the astonish - newt of the I/neighbors when the police it -rested the three was naturally con- siderable. -Hornaohuoh, it seems, was atareles chief lieutenant and the niece a clever aerompliee. A search of Starcles apartment led to the discovery of over 100.000 frames' worth of jewelry, the produce of thefts sperated by llornse.himh end other con- federates in most of the great ho- tels of Europe arta even of Egypt. Horaechnehat specialty was climbing Iowa chimney,' Into rooms, which had earned him quite a European reputes - ion among the polio., who had nick- named him the \Chimney Climber.\ letarek's depertment was to super rime the work of the band, Instruct Its members where a haul might be oper- etta . ' and dispose of the produce of the ebberies, which he did In Paris. Hla nabordinates rbported regularly to him ey letter and telegram and recelred hum him their share of the booty efter tt had been converted to calh. Wit* some dintenkty the three were ipat he admit their guilt, tad tatty is - ally contemned having stolen over 3,000,000 francs. Starek alone ham 800,000 franes standing to his credit n a German bank. Deer In the Arent. Itenitias. The deer wh...h Commander Peary found 111 large numbers on his last ex- * teditIon were reindeer, or an they are usually called in Canada, caribou. It it, the only kind of deer that Inhabits Greenland and the land of the north, says the Manchester Guardian. It was formerly very plentiful In southern Greenland; RS many as twenty-five thousands of Its hides were exported annually to Denmark In the middle of the nineteenth century. Constant hunt- ing, however, has thinned Its numbers, and no in the districts anywhere near civilization, though not extermi- nated, It is no longer common. The reindeer is found near aid] within the arctic circle, both In the old world and new, and though more or lee. well marked differences are found in the deer inhabiting different countries, naturalists seem to agree In regarding all the geographical races as varieties of one species. There are half a dozen Of these In all, three of which are found in British America and a fourth In Greenland. As niay be expected in animals living In such a cold cliniate, the pelage is extremely dense and compact, qualities which make the skins Invaluable for keeping out the cold. They are ufted not only for clothes and bed covering, but else as la:ling end carpets In the winter hounee. No real attempt seems to have been made to domesticate any variety of reindeer except the Europ- ean.: These latter have been intro- duoed into Alaska, and for come years have been used as draft animals. PREDECESSOR OF TifILMON100. vette A•inaus Cu Lose a Lime Frame Meese That Once U.S llattaispoir• \You may say for me,\ said she. ' that Mrs. Sarah Jane Wyatt, of 825 Fifth avenue, has decided to move, don't kuow where, but wherever it is the dInIng-room furniture and Dewey, the cat, go with me.\ Mrs. Sarah Jane for thirty-four year. has lived In a two-story house half ooucealed by an extension store, while her neighbors reared palaces of brown stone all *boot her. Exclusive restaurants are her nearest neighbors, and the plot of ground at Forty-tiftb street on which novI stands her home is shortly to be covered with a pile of white marble. She had thirty days to move, and, looking up and down the avenue, Mrs. Sarah Jane finds that rents have In- creased since she first brought her household goods to the place where she has lived In happiness for more than three decades. She paid 525 a month for her Fifth avenue house, which was a pretty high figure, of course, yet it included the conserva- tory and the summer garden. Her husband, Robert Wyatt, was for many years business agent for the late Paran Stevens, and that accounts for the fact that they for many years have lived In the house on Fifth avenue, near Forty-seventh street, for a nom- inal, rent, for It was until recently part of the Stevens estate. Her hus- band died sixteen years ago, and Mrs. Wyatt devised several means for earn- ing a livelihood. The old place was once a prosperous roadhouse, which had its beginning more than a century ago. Stage coach- es stopped before it and mine host had excellent cakes of his own bak- ing. Mrs Wyatt converted the pavilion Into a greenhouse, and for several Years she did a thriving flower busi- ness. Then nose -gays went out of style and variegated blooms done up In paper funnels were no longer popu- lar. Mrs. Sarah Jane roofed over the greenhouse and started a restaurant and candy store. Part of the lower floor was given to her restaurant, where for 26 cents one might acquire \a regular dinner.\ Clerks, teamsters and workmen are her principal customers. The candy counter still does a nourishing busi- ness, for the youthful population re- main true to Mrs. Sarah Jane. Before Delmonico's and Sherry's were built the establishment at 528 Fifth avenue had a monopoly of all the local trade In dinners, pastry and con- factions—New York Herald. SNOW -BOUND SPARROWS. La unseasonable snow storm, which fell In northern Wisconsin last April, caused a good deal of discomfort, but incidentally demonstrated the paten:Gal devotion of the ground -sparrow, and the humanity of the laborers at the Superior ooal-docks. The story is told by a writer in the Superior Telegram. The sparrow, appeared in March., and built their need in an open fled adjoining the ooalelocks. Four eggs were laid, and four young !marrows shortly afterward made their appear - There was, of college, DO smelter for the neat, and when the snow came down In big flakes cue night, the moth- er bird refused to leave the young ones, aria the whole family e - acs snowed libeler. &Lae of. the men on the dock had fOUnd the nest several days before and watched the progress of the prow pective family with much interest. When they crossed the fields to go to work Wednesday morning, they no- ticed that the snow completely covered Use ground to the vicenirty of the nest, said immediately hastened to the spot to see what had happened te the birds. Seven inches of \now covered the nest, and when the men reached down through the mantle to see If the birds were sUll alive, the mother flew out and watched the exoavating operations with much interest, but from a safe distanoe. When the neat had been cleared of snow she reauened, and the nee day, when they had to dig her out again. she warn puke tame and obviously thank ful. The little fellows, with their thick, warm (este of down, appeared not in the least distreseal, and one•neel their mouths, for food when the i-now warn resnoved. No Cease*. \Do you believe that we will be un- der the rule of women fifteen year@ from now?\ \I presume I obeli If my wife lives that iseg.\--41ouston Poet. 1 Not Se lad for mei. -yea, I used to be in the Insurance business. I once got a man to take eat a $60,000 policy only about a week before he happened to be* killed. He was a mighty herd chap to land, too. I had to talk to him for nearly ex months before I got him,\ \That was tough on the company. I suppose you regretted after it was all over that your per/ma/eve powers were lei good.\ etIm—no, I never felt sorry about It, I married the widow.\—f'hteage Hoe. ord Howard—Mrs. Holmes gets on much better with her husband than else used to. Coward -Same huoban•l? Life. \Is that your mother-tn-law over there, smiling at you?\ \No. If she's smiling at me it isn't my mother -1n - law.\ Sh•----Of course, I'm not as old as You think I am. He -1 hope not -1 mean you can't be—that is ---bow old are you? \He's got no license to talk the way he does.\ \Oh he's got a license all right What he lacks is • muzzle.\— Cleveland Leader. \An optimist Is one of them chaps. I guess,\ says Uncle Sint, \who don't cars a hang what happens so longs it don't happen ter him.\ leaffane-You are rich enough to buy an automobile. Why don't you do it? Grofat—Because I'm not righ enough to own one—Chicago Tribune. \That fellow seems to be extrava- gant.\ \Hopelessly. He spends his own money Just as if it were the gov- ernmenesee---Loulsville Courier -Jour- nal. 'Tm going to marry Dick.\ \Why you told me 'you weren't in love with him.\ \I'm not. but I've just heard that a girl I hate is!\ --Cleveland Leader. \What do you think, my dear? Such luck! We leave for Paris in an hour.\ \Really?\ - Yea, we're going to Pas- teur's. My husband has just been bit- ten by a mad dog.\—Bon Vivant - Why are ohLldren so much worse than they used to be \ \I attribute it to improved ideas In building \\How so?\ \Shingles are scarce, and you can't spank • boy with a tin roof.\ \And did you really go to Romer' asked the guest. \I really don't know, my dear,\ replied the hostess, Nat returned from her first trip abroad. \You see, my husband always bought the ttckets\ • Mr. Highbrow—It was MIchelet, I believe, who observed that \woman is the salt of a man's life\ Miss Keen— Quite true! Young men aren't half so fresh after they get married,—Boston Transcript \Hello mate, 'ow la It you ain't workin' ?\ \Well it's like this I works In a domino factory, and I puts on the spots, aid they're making double blanks to -day!\ Weary BIlliam —What did ye tell ; dot lady when she asked ye if ye wus I equal to de task o' sawin' wood? Tat- tered Tom --I tol' her fiat equal wusn't de word. I wus superior to it.—Chi. cago Daily News. \My steady looks exactly like Apol- lo!\ sighed the sentimental one. \That ain't narthen,\ sniffed the lam of the glove counter. \My beau is the original for the Peerless Perfection Drees Shirt ada.\—Puck. \Why did that picture cost so much?\ \Well answered Mr. Cum - rem, \to tell you the truth, I have an Idea it's because the dealer who *old It to me Is a good business man\— Washington Evening Star. Where She Mae Mr. Dobbe--Ilang it, Maria, why don't you get busy with your needle. Not a blamed thing I own has • but- ton on It. Mrs Dobbs—Hairy, what • fibber you are. There's your kodak —14ostos Transcript We are told that two heads are bet. • than one, but we believe Ono is bet\ bet dims a bosen of some breads. •Cletr out o' here, ye sassy little brat' shouted the cook, thumping the table with a rolling pin l'he little girl gave the cook a haughty look. \I never allow anyone but my mother to speak to me like that!\ she said Judge (sternly)—Three times in a month! What do you make of this. sir? Kasten (apologetically )--'Deed I doan' make nuffine You fellows up here seem to he de only ones fiat get any '<Hosiery profit out of hauling me up.—Puck Her—Great heavens! My worst fears are realized! Him—What on earth's the naattert frer—I've got a telegram— Him —Yes—yes! What does it say? Her—I don't know. I haven't dared to open it yeti—Cleo. land Leader. \Scientists have decided that Me- thuselith was only seventy-nine years old.\ \That Is more- like it. It is absurd to suppose that any man could have lived to the . age of ilfie years.\ \Oh I don't know—there were no an. tomobiles In those days.—Houstoli Poet. \Jim said an honest coal dealer to one of his drivers; \Jim make that ton of coal two hundred pounds short. It is for a poor, delicate widow, and she will have to cerry all of it up two flight of stairs, I don't want her to overtax her strength.\--Philadel- phis, Kronlicle-Herald. Pompano—Why do you work so hard, Bagley? You slave from morn' Ins until night. Bagley—I• know I do. I wish to get rich. I want to die worth a millioa. Pompaao--Well, there's no accounts Mg for tastes. Now, I would much prefer to live worth half a Philadelphia Call. 'Well, Judson, how del you make out with your summer boarders?' asked the tall bumpkin On the fence \WM tolerable,\ drawled the old temper. - Three of them were artists. so I got them to paint the barn, and the two that skipped board ran away with two of my homely daushters, ob I seal kick, Mgosh.\—Ohloage News. • 4C3* HOG EILLING ON THE YAWL In order to do venni aunt rapid work at hog -killing time le is necessary to have a good scraper, sticking kulfe, a hog hook and a place that is convenient for working. for scalding a barrel is commonly used, and It is all that is needed unless the hogs are very large. If very large hogs are killed, a scalding tub will answer the purpose for scalding much better than a barrel. I have one which Is made of two-inch planks for the aides and ends and sheet iron for the bottom. It is ex feet long and three and onehalt feet wide, with a depth of two and one-half feet. Two books are fastened near the top on one aide, with a pair of trace chains to run under the hog to facilitate the turning and withdrawing from the tub. It is placed over a furnace, which is made by digging a trench In the ground, and when In use I place pieces of wood ALM'S the bottom, in order to keep tho hog from 'owning In contact with the Iron bottom and getting too hot. I find that the proper temperature for good scalding Is from 180 to 190 degrees, and if a barrel la to be need the water should be bolting when dipped out of the kettle, as the barrel will cool It some, If a scalding tab Is used the water should be cooled by adding a bucket of cold water before the hog is put in. To Insure a correct heat of the water use a thermometer Small quantities of lye, ashes or lime will have no effect in removing the hair, but will cause the scurf to come loom more readily. Keep the hog In constant motion while being scalded, and draw it out to air occasionally When the hair an4 scurf slIp . essily from the body the scalding is com- pleted. In scraping and claming .the hog, I clean the feet and head Bret. then the legs, and last, but not least, the body. I hang the hog with a rope and pulley, as it is more easily hung In this way than any other. But It Luny be hung with the ordinary gambrel, a stick which Is sharpened at each cod and inserted ender the tendon irtrings of the hind legs. A short singletre• will be found to answer for a gambrel stick_ 11 there is sufficient help at hand the hog may be hung on a pole put up for the purpose. After the hog is hung up, rinse it down with scald- ing water, remove the entrails by running a sharp knife lightly down, mark- ing the belly straight, cutting to the bone between the thigha and in front of the ribs, which bones I split with an ax, being careful ubt to cut beyond them. I usually salt down on a bench or in a box as soon as it has cooled enough to trim. The amount eat' salt I use is ten ponnds to every 100 pounds of meat. In addition to the sal( I also use two pounds of granulated sugar and two ounces of saltpeter mixed. Rub the meal once every three days with one-third of the mixture. While it is curing pack it In a box In a cool room. where It will neither become warm nor freeze. Two barrels may be used, changing the meat from one to the other each time it Is rubbed. Attar the last rubbing let the meat Ile in a boa for a week or ten days, then take it out to smoke. When taken out of the box dip each piece in a kettle of boiling water and let It remain half a minute. after which sprinkle with a little powdered borax on tbe meat Nide and hang Smoke It four or five days with hickory chips of corn cobs, then dip and sprinkle it with borax again and put It down in clean hay. Meat treated In this manner may be le;t hanging all rummer and wilt remain in the best eoe- dition.—W. Hanson. Tillie. the How did you lin your silo last tall? The government people declare that while the blower, as shown in the ph'' furs, requires more power to operate than does the flet currier, very few MILTH011 or. IILLISO TIIS SILO. blowers require more than a twelve horse -power engine. It costs lees per ton to elevete allege with the blower mud the work is done more Antintac- toey In every way. The greamtest trouble in the use of the blower is caused by having the blower pipe stand too far away from the silo at the bot- tom. It slimed stand as nearly per- pendicular ea poselble.—Exchatige. Good for Man and Resat. If a cow or horse gets choked with an apple or potato hold up its head and break an egg twits mouth. A cheap cure for colic in horses is the following: Keep a small bottte of turpentine tilw,os on hand. Feel for the jugular vein beck of the jaw on the right .Me and rub It gently nee or ten inches with a flannel rag Wet with trirpentine. If the animal has wile It will cure him In ten minutes. To dole a pig halter him and tie the rope to a stake. When ha has ceased hie uproar approach him and between the back pert of his jaws in- Sart an old shoe. from which you have rot the toe leather. This he will at sore begin to suck and chew. Through It rub' your medicine and he will Swallow ler Quantity toe plows . Sheep !Experiments. An experiment which will be watch- ed with much Interest by all New En- gland. and which they be the means et revointlooising the present method of forming here, le about to be tried by the eleplecrest Stock and Penitry Farm Association, Springfield, MARX. The ageoetatton la planning to bring 1,000 sheep from the western part of the country and put them au fame to and around Middlefield - and Becket The sheep are erinos and will be mated with d,Fset rams of toes) ex traction. Some of the reasons which prompted the association to bring the sheep are the decreasing ratio of the meat sup- ply and the constantly Inereaaing pool) kitten of GM country. Scotch herders will be brought here with the sheep and will be need in stead of dogs or fence; to keep them from etraeing, as it is claimed that more care enn be given by professional herders. Care la Feedis. WorkIneg Horse. Horse feeding is not gtten the atten- tion it_ shouldbe by some farmers. That of the cow and sheep hi carefully examined and discussed, but oftentimes the horse's feed le jest nil the hey he can eat and VAFIOTIS quantltiee of corn and oats, according to the work being done. Although oats and hay are ideal food, they should not be fed exeluelve ly. Horses like a variety as well as does any other animal. Good timothy, early rut arid well cured, is the best bay for horses, but ?tinny fru - mere feed too much hay. If the home is expect- ed to do Petri' hard work he should be liberally and frequently fed. It hi beet to water home' as they come In from work or before feeding. If watered soon after feeling, the stomach, being small, is linhle to be partfany emptied by the water of the undigested food. which muses bowel trouble or km a food, Males *fear *tenter. • Nome people have the idea that a mole will not Despond to kind treas. ment. This 10 a mid mistake A fool mule is just about as gores Re mo b i n the bank any Benson to the rem A thorOughbred jerk generally prere ee 11 ; better investment than a stallion nest elms jacks are very merry and that la om roams vrhy mule broodtng go% 4, • •

Sanders County Democrat (Plains, Mont.), 07 Jan. 1910, located at <>, image provided by MONTANA NEWSPAPERS, Montana Historical Society, Helena, Montana.