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3111111:111) A JOITRNALIIIT. IbEl)AasrinE/Yr FOIN SiespessaiLtee neeetrew Shady. Many 'women make the mistake of thinking that the calling of homemak- ing needs no preparation, and the re - ▪ I, disappointment on both sides. Every girl should be taught plain eooking and sewing and have some knowledge of every branch of domestic work; it will prove • valuable asset in whatever line of business she may engage, and should she marry, the dotted, of keeping house will not be nearly so diMcult. Some do not marry, many late in life; others still are left widows, often with dependent families, and for such a practical education Is desirable; but each one should select the work that U be thinks she would like to do, and not for the reason that others have succeeded in It. A grammar school education, at least, is necessary for any one who would enter an office. A high school education IR desirable, and even one year of this latter is of great advan- tage as a general preparat?bn. I agree with one of your correspond- ents that stenography is a good busi- ness for a bright girl; it does not re- quire as long a time as some other branches for study and brings quicker returns than almost any other. I speak from experience, as the widowed mother of two daughters, both stenog- raphers, who took care of themselves, assisted the family and always had a snug accouat to their credit in the bank. Girls, whatever you do, do with all your might, and you will be sure to \make good.\ Wenzel. Judge la Deamasat. A w i o s c i n ? has lately been made a Judge ,enms.4, and the Danish women are Aeliffi t ted to be much excit- ed, as they think it is the first and only estate of the kind in the world. To say nothing of Mrs. Esther Morris of Wyoming. Mrs. Catherine Waugh McCulloch of Illinois, and Mrs. Mary Cooper of Kansas, do not our Danish sisters read their Bibles? Have they forgotten Deborah, the wife of Lapi- doth. whaiudged Israel for forty years, sitting under a palm tree, and led out the forces of the chosen people to battle because the general refused to march without her? Mr. Blackwell was very fond of quoting Deborah to those who claimed that the Bible towhee the subjection of women, and he eanplua- ',zed the fact that Deborah was a mar- ried woman. ----Woman's Journal. Passing of the rod. This beauty's masses of hair were wound tightly around her head and held In place by huge jade -headed pins, and long jade earrings dropped from her ears. The effect was startling. but undoubtedly picturesque. Another new and unusual fashion, which will be of interest to girls, is that of tying a kerchief around the head A three - cornered silk or Ratio scarf is tied around the head, the bows coming at one side just above the ear. These are worn in London even with even- ing gowns. To some girls they are ex- tremely becomIng, especially If a few curly locks escape around the edge. if the kerchief. XV and in Dm', Tho Jet batten cram, already shows S igns of waning Rough homespun Is intended for Motor coat and for outing wear. Bullet -shaped- buttoue are more In use now than lozenge shapes. The toque still reigns supreme for walking In Paris and is seen in wide Variation. Kimono milks that have large wet - wed silk blotches of blurred tints are fashionable Fur Is :to he generously used on many of cie afternoon as well as un- &tee tailor-mades Smart tailored suits are being made of the new diagonals, which are very rich In coloring. Pretty pernfaventng gown*, which Int• French call casino alma^ are be - ATTRACTIVE COSTUMES FOR YOUNG GIRLS. \The Stare on the right shows a street costume of King's blue wide wale cheviot with narrow skirt and long coat fastened with large buttons cov- ered with the material and braided buttonholes. There is one rever sim- ilarly trimmed with smaller buttons. The turban is of panne velvet in , King's blue and the furs are lynx. The figure on the left shows a gown of \ amethyst s tin finished cloth elaborately trimmed with cross-stitch em- broidery in methyst and silver. The square yoke and lower sleeves are of net. The hat t is of black moire, trimmed with an Immense wired bow of white Chantilly lace. The turban at top is of black Ottoman silk, banded with panne velvet and trimmed with a gold quill and a twist of cloth of gold. The figure at the bottom shows a graceful house gown of silk cash- mere in apricot yellow, with an overskirt effect, bordered with band of em- broidery. The bodice is collarless, with a yoke of chiffon cloth run with designs in silk floss. The sleeves are loose and are In one piece with the bodice, with an under sleeve of chiffon cloth. Bands of embroidery also trim the bodice. trig worn with but slight decolletage and transparent guimpes of tulle or mousseline. The newest fur muffs are finished with dangling heads and tails that al- most sweep the ground. The roll that has been removed from the pompadour allows hats to sit more firmly and they will be worn low on the head The lovely meteor crepes and liberty !satins will still be worn, but will probably come second to the rough ma- terials this winter. Dancing slippers, whether patent leather or velvet, have several straps over the Insteps, each decorated in some manner with beads or tinsel. Skirts, while cut on broader lines, still retain more or less the sheath effect. The silhouette is almost exact- ly the same as It was last winter. — - - • dtalabsg Floors. When carpets become worn and must be renewed, it is a good time to change to a bare floor and a few rugs. The finishing of the floor is a very simple matter. It may be painted, stained, oiled or waxed. In any case it should be cleaned thoroughly, all stains removed and given • coat of filler. If the floor was made for a carpet there will probably be cracks which will need tilling. Putty colored like the wood is very satisfactory for this. if the boards are knotty, they should be painted. Otherwise a trans- parent finish may be used. Stains made by paint or varnish are easily removed with ammonia, but it should be pit on with a brush. The whole neer may be cleaned in this way. The ammonia darken. the wood somewhaL Merely oiling with a crude oil, linseed or kerosene gives • good finish, pro- vided a very small quantity Is used and that It I. thoroughly rubbed and no superfluous oil Is left on the floor. The Princess Stephanie, daughter of King Leopold, has taken out a patent for a now kind of gas stove. A 10 year -old girl named Minna Weislain has astonished the United Mates Immigration authorities by her ability to speak andyread Russian, Polish, French, Germat; Italian, Span tah and English Two hundred woman employs] by a firm Of hatters at South Norwalk. Conn., went on strike because their employers wanted to know their ages in order to promote the three oldest to the positions of inspector. There is at Kaiser Wilhelm's Berlin palace at Oberhotmelsterin a lady who has been described as a court cham- berlain in petticoats, who has to make personal acquaintance with every lady before she attends a court. Meese for the Tattered Nett. The problem o what sort of a blouse to wear with the tailored suit is a serious one this year. Many will not hays to face this question, having chosen a three-piece suit at the start. But the woman who decided in favor of a simple tailored coat and skirt will don a simple tailored shirtwaitta• of white linen for morning wear, !refit% this by selecting for afternoons a chif- fon, satin or soft silk blouse just the shade of hr suit. The above model of satin followed ,this plan, just match Int a cloth suit o? \raisin the popular bluish purple shade. The waist prop- er was ,of soft satin, plaited at the shoulders and top of sleeves, the chif- fon yoke was of corresponding shade, ending in embroidered velvet reveres. Sontache embroidery embellished the bodice below the yoke, also the collar and (ruffs of the full-length sleeves. Stained Table Clothe, Table Cloth', RR every housekeeper knows, have a disagreeable habit getting- something spilled on them particularly after the table has book set. The boot way to treat iamb re , rrecitory cloths Is to place' a howl un- der the spot and pour boiling water' upon It. Then place a dry espii wet tile spot and iron it dry. De. Warren A cloult• DIMeelt is Mold Raw Material. Up at the New York university a department of journalism was initiat- ed this year, with Dr. Frank J. War- ren In charge, says the Now York cor- respondent of the Cincinnati Times - Star. Seventy -live pupils have been enrolled and it is DE. Warren's hope to make regular newspaper men out of them in a short time. \Just the same,\ he admits, \it isn't any fun to make a reporter out of a raw young- ster, who has not the slightest knowl- edge of the manner iu which neespa- pers got or handle their news. It makes me think of the experience of a confrere of mine in the Missouri college of Journalism. lie put his students through a course of theoret- ical sprouts,\ said Dr. Warren. \and after they had achieved a moderate de- gree of knowledge of the business it was his cusbotu to send them out to report events for the daily newspaper of the college. The paper handled the news of the vicinity just as a real dai- ly would. ()n one occasion he sent out a student reporter to report a big railroad wreck near the city, in which a number of cars were in flames and several peo.de were reported killed. Time went on and nothing was heard from the student reporter. Filially, Iii desperation, the dean telegraphed him 'What is the matter?' he de- manded briefly. 'No story yet; edi- tion soon go to press. Rush, rush, rush!' By and by he got a jaunty little message from the student re- porter. 'I have not written story yet,' said he. 'Too much excitement here. I am all of a tremble. Soon as things quiet down I will ask 801110 ques- tions.\' Legal Information .4 Conducting the business of pool-' selling and book -making in the State of Kansas, except within the inclos- ure of a race track for not exceeding two weeks In any year, was prohibit- ed by flue and Imprisonmeut. Subse- quent to the passage of this law Kan- sas City, Kan., enacted an ordinance entitling any person to carry on such business in that city for an annual license fee of $5,000. Two days after plaintiff had purchased a license he was compelled by force and threats and repeated arrests to cease busi- ness. In Levy vs. Kansas City, 16/ Federal Reporter, 624, plaintiff sued the- city for the $5,000 paid to it for the license. The Circuit Court of Ap- peals held that, as plaintiff was guilty of a violation of a general law enact- ed to effectuate the public policy of the State of Kansas, his action aris- ing from his own moral turpitude was not maintainable. In Blennann vs. Guaranty MuL Life Ins. Co., 120 Northwestern Re- porter, 963, payment of insurance was denied for the alleged reason that de- ceased, a drunkard, had represented that he took a drink oocasionally, but not to excess. The Iowa Supreme Oceirt, allowing a recovery by the widow of the insured, remarked that sufficient disclosure was shown to sug- gest to a discreet person the advisa- bility of further inquiry it the sub- ject was of vital importance. What constitutes \excess\ in this respect is largely a matter of opinion, and va- ries all the way between a \drink\ and a \drunk.\ while an occasional glees of beer may mean anything from a glass once a month to one ev- ery 15 minutes. according to the ca- pacity of the individual, or, perhaps, according to the liberality of his views. Although testimony was elic - ited showing deceased to have been a drunkard when be applied for insur- ance, it Is apparent that the company had means of knowledge of this fact when It made the contract. While a buggy in which were a man and a boy was being driven on a high- way, a heavy automobile tried to pass it, but struck its rear wheel. The boy was thrown beneath the feet of the frightened horse. and literally kicked to death. The owner and dilifei 'of the machine were convinted of manslaughter in the second degree. In People vs. Scanlon, 117 New York Supplement, 67, the defendants ap- pealed from an order denying a new trial. The New York Supreme Court, affirming the conviction of the chauf- feur, said that it was the reckless driving which is the cause of many aceidents, and which should disquali- fy any one who practices it. With • heary ttli chine, weighing 3,000 to 4.000 going at the rate of 26 miles an hour, It is indefensible nag - Hance to attempt to peas a buggy within a few Inches. The owner of the machine, who was sitting next to the drlver, had given orders to give full leeway to passing vehicles. He was powerless to , deflect its course In time to avoid the catastrophe. The w hole thing was, RR it were, instan- taneous, in the control of the chauf- feur, but In no way In the owner's control. The conviction of the owner was reversed, and a now trial granted. Supply and Demand.\ \We could all live on 10 cents a day If we would cut out high-priced meat and eat beans and rice.\ - \Aw. come off. If 90.000,000 people each ordered a bushel of beans to -mor- row, beans would go to 20 cents apiece.\— Kansas City Times We often wonder whether • one - legged man will have two lagg aftw he lands in heaven. 7:1)=1;T1Arialls5 What They roved. \Why!\ exclaimed Uncle Jack, as he looked from the window one morning Hal and Kathie ran to see in a hurry. \I do believe it's on owl!\ said Uncle Jack. \Where's his head?\ inquired Hal. Uncle Jack tapped on the window, and sure enough, up came a little head, two bright eyes stared at the children, and they saw a real live owl' Couldn't we catch him?\ asked Hal, in a whisper, \I'd so like to have an owl, Uncle Jack.\ The owl rustled his feathers and put his head on one side, stretched out his leg and \Oh he's down the fireplace',\ shouted Hai, and in a second he was running down the stairs, thump! thump! thurep! Uncle Jack and Kathie ran, too. There he sat, a very sooty, black little owl, indeed, right In the middle of the fireplace. He blinked and winked more than ever, and rustled his feathers all over his tat little body, \Let's put a basket over him, and Uncle Jack can take him out.\ sug- gested Hal. Un( le Jack's eyes twinkled as he an- swered, \Well run and get the bas - Hal did run, and was bark again In a. minute. \Now get him, quick, Uncle Jack!\ exclaimed Hal, under his breath. \Hoot! Hoot!\ Both children rushed from the li- brary, and never stopped till they reached their mother's room \Have you got him?\ called Kathie, as Uncle Jack came up the stairs. \He's flown up the chimney,\ said Uncle Jack. laughing. \He was too wise an owl to let Uncle Jack catch him, even with fur gloves on.\ \I'm most glad.\ said Kathie, \for he scared me—awful!\ - Girls are always scared!\ answered Hal, in a lofty tone. And he won- dered why Uncle Jack laughed so loud and long.—Youth'. Companion Game of Card Reoetrer. A group of boys and girls sit in a semi -circle. One end is called the head, the other the foot. The person at the head holds a card receiver, full of pa- per slips, supposed to be visiting cards. On these slips are written the names of well known persons. The next one of thee ompany recites: \Oh prithee tell us, Mr. (or Mrs.) Gray, What noble guests have called to- day?\ The head person selects a slip and from his knowledge of the name writ- ten there he must give a full descrip- tion, and the questioner must try to give the name of the distinguished visitor. If he fails he must go to the foot. It he guesses the head man goes to the foot. Then he taken the card receiver and his neighbor puts 'he same question to him, and so on Speak Boyar Next to standing erect, and having • manly bearing, I like to have a boy speak up when he is spoken to He can never make a good impression if he mumbles or \mouths\ his words when he is talking to others. Clear and distinct enunciation Is a valuable trait for a boy to possess. I was In the office of the president of a great corporation one day not long ago, when he rang his bell for his office boy. The boy came in a moment and the gentleman said: \Did you take that package over to Brown & Smith's for me\ \Mum -mum.\ \Did Mr. Brown send aqy message to me?\ \Mum -mum -mum.\ \What did he say?\ \gnm-mum-mum.\ \bh. r speak up so that I van under- stand you!\ said the gentleman, a lit- tle sharply. \I do not know what 'mum -mum -mum -mum' means.\ It sounded exactly as it the boy were saying \mum -mum-mum -urn - every time he opened his mouth. When he finally held up his head and spoke more intelligibly, and had then gone from the room, his employer said: \I really think that I shall have to let that boy go. He mumbles every - thing he says so that I can hardly un- derstand what he means. I do not like to send such • boy with messages to our customers, I like a boy who can speak up like a man. He can do that, and, att, the same time, be a perfectly modeet and respectful boy. Somehow I feel rather suspicious of a boy who hangs his head and mumbles everything.\ I think that a good many people have that feeling although a boy may be excessively shy and mumble all that he says, and at the genie time be a perfectly honest boy. But he makes a very poor impression, and will not advance so rapidly as the boy who looks one squarely in the face and speaks up like a man ehen he has anything to say.—Success Magazine. Why Sh, Exaggerated. Dorothy stuttered dreadfully, and some words seemed exceptionally hard to force from her mouth. At home, when there w - as no one there but the family, she was able to speak with little difficulty, and only stuttered once in a while. But the minute any com- pany came. or she went out anywhere In the presence of strangers, the poor child grew nervous and become so embarrassed that it was almost Impos- sible for her to say anything. The let- ter \t\ was particularly hard for her One day a little friend invited Doro- thy to pass the day at her house, an in the morning they walked two miles. At the lunch table Nellie's mother said: children, did you have pleasant time this morning!\ \Oh yes,\ answered Nellie, \we did have a lovely time. We took a long. long walk.\ \Did you?\ said Mrs. Smith. \And how far did you walk, Dorothy.\ There was a little paws., and then for some unknown reason Dorothy blushed scarlet, and said, \Four miles. Mrs. Smith.\ Nellie's eyes grew round with amaze- ment. \Why Dorothy,\ she exclaimed. \what are you talking about? Yon know we only walked two!\ \I know it,\ answered Dorothy mis- erably, \but I felt the stutters coin- ing and I couldn't have said it to save nty We; and tour Isn't half so hard when you're going to stutter!\ The Reason. - In the top of the elm tree the oriole swings, And calls to his mate below; Oh, so lightly the breeze sways the hough as he sings, As it I were afraid, 'moat, to blowl • There's • dear little nest closely hidden from sight That hangs from a bough near lair: That's why Peter is minoring with al his might From his place in the tree so high, Patellar. Yesterday, when I was out Nora spread the clothes about On the grass, and said to me, - That will make them white, you Mee . So I thought I'd like to look Just like Snowwhite In the book, And I tried to ruin and play In the sunshine all the day, For - I thought that by the night I would be a lily white. Buo—oh, dear's -Instead I found I was worse than ever browned! HOOKING ALLIGATORS, A Florida Alpert with eta element ot Useertaintr in It. \Hunting alligators at night with a buliseye lantern and shotgun Is tame sport compared with what Is called a gator hunt in Florida.\ said an old Floridian who is visiting New York. \I mean the feat of capturing an alli- gator alive and then towing the fellow to high ground through mud and water from what Is called in Florida a gator hole. \The gator fishermen first find the bole, which is indicated by an opening In the surrounding &rasa In the midst of a dense growth of vegetation, theby the al - and out. Some - are in the na- the ground is worn emo ligator In his pulls In times theme gator boles tore of a cave ih the hank of a stream twenty feet and may be fifteen or deep, and if so It is not an easy mat- t. ter to got the animal ou \The fisher Is supplied with a long k on the end. polo vrith a meta/ hoo lie takep a strong rope and throws It where about the entrance of the hole. Then the fisher rams with the hookiv4 pole down thE den wikitt And 'listens. If he gas a gator In the hOiont; leas- es Use beast by poking him until the gator In a rage finally grabs the hook- ed pole and Is pulled from the den. It Is with uncertainty that he is dragged forth, for it Is not known whether the catch Is large or small. The fisher eoen not know wheelier to get into shape to run or to figlit. Out the ga- tor comes, *fellowing and roaring mad. \After the , - gator is dragged to the surface he , In his rage titres and rolls and finally twists himself up In the rope or noose that has been previously prepared. With the assistance of tho others in the party the gator'm legs and mouth are tied and the gator is • prisoner. \The gator is for the most part caught In marshes where the Irround I. soft and slushy and too wet for either horse or wagon to enter. The fishers are compelled to carry their catch to higher ground, there , to be loaded bate the wafting wagon, and the hunt Is ended.\ --New York Sun, What Ms Followed. - something to eat? What do yam do for ful a luw ilvigr' the esea mum.. \Well before you come here again FM if you cannot follow it fast enough to catch It and take a balk.\—Houe Ion Post. • •