Sanders County Democrat (Plains, Mont.) 1909-1910, January 21, 1910, Image 2

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In 1907, the year of the financial de prelusion, the tide of immigration from Southern and Southeastern Europe had attained such strength and vol- ame that almost every editorial writer in the country felt called upon, snore or less often, to dilate upon what this influx of strange iisoples would mean not only to themselves but to the re- public. From Italy and Austria-Hun- gary the protest was especially loud, for stern figures showed that during the year Austria-Hungary had lost by immigration to the United States 888,- 462 of its people, while Italy was re- duced by more than a quarter of a million. This remarkable motement from the borne soil could not pass unnoted, for every phase of human relation was af- fected by R. The landowner felt it most of all, for the men who left were his laborers. Their passing reduced his supply of available labor, increas- ed the wages of those who were left and altered their servile attitude to one approaching independence, so he naturally enough cried out against emigration, declaring that America was robbing the European nations of their strongest, leaving the aged, the women and the children. Frightened by the protest, Austria- Hungary passed drastic emigration laws under which it will henceforth be harder for the populace to escape its surveillance and service. But even before these laws had a chance to dam the westward tide the Industrial de- pression prevailing in this country in the winter of 1907-8 had turned it eastward. With the advent of \hard times,\ with the closing of mills and mines and the lessening of railroad construction, many of the recently ar- rived immigrants who had been per- forming the coarser, cruder tasks re quilted by the industrial development of the country returned to their native lands. Among those who have watched the ebb and flow of this immigrant tide, and who many times has made him- self a part of it so he might better understand its meaning, is Dr. Edward A. Steiner, professor of applied Chris- tianity in Grinnell College. Iowa, and author of \On the Trail of the Immi- grant,\ The Mediator\ and \Tolstoy the Man and His Message.\ Dr. Steiner is In no sense of the word • statistician, though in his book Ire a few tables showing the increase and decrease of Immigration from European countries. lie is too intense- ly interested in his fellow man, too keenly alive to his humanity, to re- duce him to arithmetical terms. Every one of the millions who have come to this 'country is to him an Indi- about human beings; I know intimate ly many races and more nationalities. and I have discovered that when one breaks through the strange speech which so often separates; when one closes one's eyes to what climate has burned upon a man's skin, or what social or economic conditions have formed or deformed—one will find in every human being a kinsman.\ Dr. Steiner is not the first wise man to declare that nothing human is for- eign to him, but his ability to sympa- thetically interpret the ideas of those who are isolated by racial, religious and social limitations makes his studies of the various immigrants whom he has met and known espe- cially Interesting. It also makes his conclusions worthy of respectful con- sideration even by those not In entire accord with him. What does the returning immigrant take back besides,, celluloid collars, brass -bound trunks, gold filling in his teeth and American shoes on his feet? All of these Dr. Steiner notes, but he sees them not as evidences 'of mere material prosperity. They are sym- bols to him of life on a higher plans. A missionary who had toiled in Africa among a peculiarly primitive people said that he could implant no spiritual aspiration in the hearts of the sav- ages because they had no desire for any material thing. It was not until he had taught theM to value and de- sire a wash bowl that he could find anything in their minds on which to hang his teachings. The divine dis- content of the poets may have its era - gin in the desire for shoes, for meat, for bread, for better clothing, for more clothing. Possessed by these desires men are led to exert themselves, to go forth to new lands, to work, to learn new ways, new manners, to enlarge their lives and to broaden beyond measurement that of the generations who follow them. So the returned im- migrant takes back to his native land more than the money he has earned. He takes back the desire to work, greater respect for himself and for his wife, a quickened moral sense and some knowledge as to the need of fresh air in his sleeping rooms. Dr. Steiner is confident that if America does her part the immigrants from southern Europe will not be • serious menace. Some of the argu- ments advanced against their desir- ability he answers. Their mobility as compared with the immigrants from northern Europe, their movement back to their old horns during the period of economic distress, he interprets As an advantage to this country. Ose tainly distress would have , been wider spread had the unemployed thousands remained here. Their sending say - Imp back to Italy, where the govern- ment safeguard their money in postal savings banks, he regards as justifi- able imismuch as this government offers no similar institution. It is the spirit of Washington and Lincoln, the true American spirit in Its finest manifestation, in which Dr. Steiner believes. He has fait% that this spirit can take the crowding alien host and breathe into it the life of vides!. He says of himself in this nobler manhood and womanhoodi book: \I recognize no barriers of that the immigrant will become In the race, class or religion between myself !next generation, if not in this what. and any other human being that needs I soever America wills that he may he tne. I happen to know something came. Uhroal• Lead -Poisoning. Most cases of chronic poisoning by lead are those of smelters, painters, painters, glaziers, and other artisans of this class, who inhale the metal In the form of fine dust, or swallow It with their food, often, Indeed, as a result of their own carelessness. In such cameo the nature of the Ill ness 111 immediately reeognizable. as a rule, for the /Athol is always expected But some persona are so sensitive to the aotion of lead that poisoning oc- casionally originates in seemingly the most unaccountable manner. Sometimes It follows such obscure accidents as the drinking of water or other beverage that has passed through new lead pipes, or that ham been stored In casks lined with lead. the eating of food that has been cooked in lead -enameled vessels, or the use of cosmetics containing the metal. It has resulted also from the wearing of artificial teeth In the manufacture 46( which lead has been wrongfully used, and even from the repeated bit- ing of lead dyed silk thread In a few Instances, too, lead pigments have been need to improve the color of food prep- aration's, and large quantilles of flour M's been rendered poisonous by the use of lead to fill defects in the mill - Stones, The distinctive symptom, of shrank leadvolsonIng are derangement of the digestion, lassitude, aching of the murales, and dull abdominal pains, or severe colic of a peculiarly agonizing character. In most caaes there is • narrow indigo -blue line in the gums close to the margin!. The 'utterer loses flesh rapidly, his Akin becomes sallow, and in the worst cases the nervous system becomes effected. Such violent evidence' of braln-pola ening as convulsions or acute manta are less frequently produced than the form of paralyets known as \wrist' drop,' in which the rands droop from Iona of power to extend the wrists and fingers. In the treatment of chronic CAMS, physicians generally administer laze tares, which form insoluble cons pounds with the lead that remains in the Intestines and remove It; find later they endeavor, by the use of oth. or remedies, to dissolve and remove any of the poison that has been depose Rod in the tissues. Special treatment by o rnassage. electricity and exordia is generally required for the relief of the paralysis. Water that has stood overnight is new pipes ahould never he used for drink or in cooking. The mineral matter in ordinary drinking water forms an insoluble coating on the ta. tenor of water pipes in the course ee a few weeks, however, and thus pre vents future contamination. Lead pipds should not be used la cisterns, for rain water is devoid el mineral matter. No man admires a nice woman any mote enthusiastically than we do- Nor ran any man think less of a foolish one 111WIPAPIR8 TH311 TROPIC.. Mae Man's Way of Getting a Fresh Paper from Home Each Hernias. \Down In the tropics we don't get the newspapers from home every day,\ said the man with the tanned face, \and When we do 'iet them it isn't a matter of skimming through them in a hurry, as a man wouild do up here,\ according to the New York Sun. \A newspaper with real news from the United States Is !something to treas- ure up. \When the steamer comes In that brings my week's accumulation of pa- pers from home I just skim across the first pages to see what has happened of importance. Just a case of looking at the headlines for, me. Then I take the papers and put them in order of their dates. \Each morning when I sit down to breakfast I take one paper. I read that carefully through from the first page to the last. If I can't get through with it before noon I don't hurry, but make it do for the late evening too The next day I take up the next date, and so on. We get about one mail a week, so I just about get through with one batch when the next is due.\ \You fellows beat me,\ he said. \I know whenever I get down to one of the stations I always find folks who can ask me more questions about the details of articles In the newspapers that I hardly read at home than you would think possible. \It gives a man a pretty strong sense of how quiet the life must be in some of those places. I should think some of the newspapers would be worn out the way the men go over every bit of news which is almost forgotten matter by the time it gets to them.\ \It isn't the men alone,\ said the ex -consul, \who want to see the papers. It would amuse, some folks to see the women studying up the autumn and winter styles and discussing the pic- tures of some fur piece or heavy coat, with a thermometer up in the 90s and not showing any particular signs of falling. Of course, when It comes to the summer things they naturally want to know, because they have a chance to make use of those fashion hints; but the idea of a fur coat a few de- grees north of the equator is a good Joke,\ Legal Intormation A passenger alighting from a rail- road train Is held, in Powell vs. Phila- delphia & R. R. Co., 220 fat 636, 70 Atl. 268, 20 L. R. A. (N. S.) 1019, to have a right to remain in the railroad wafting room a reasonable time, await- ing the arrival of friends who are to meet him, without losing hLs rights as a passenger. A stipulation in an Insurance policy that no suit shall be brought on ft contract unless within twelve months next after the damage occurs is held. In Winston vs. Arlington Fire Insur- ance Company, 32 App. D. C. 61, 20 L R. A. (N. S.) 960, not to apply to a suit for damages because of the defec dye character of repairs which the in surer elects to make after the loss In accordance with its rights under the contract. A town is held, In Shea vs. Whit man, 197 Mass. 374, 83 N. E. 1096, 20 L. R. A. (N. S.) 980, not to be bound as matter of law to place a barrier In every case between a highway and a stone lying immediately adjacent thereto which, If within the limits of the highway, would constitute an oh structioa, falling over which might in jure a traveler; and it Is held to he immaterial that there Is nothing to mark the line of the hIgheray. That the materially false statement the use of which in obtaining credit will prevent one's receiving his dig charge in bankruptcy must be Inten clonally or knowingly untrue is de dared in Gilpin vs. Merchants' Na- tional Bank (C. C. A.) ltS5 Fed. 607, 20 L. R. A. (N. S.) 1023; and it is held, therefore, that a statement by the bookkeeper of the applicant for dis- charge, prepared from books not fully posted, which le believed to be ap proximately true, but which the actual state of the business proved to be on true, will not prevent • discharge. A Decoy. The minister who had exchanged with the Rev. Mr. Talcum was much scandalized to see Deacon Erastus Snowball In the vestry, after service, deliberately taking a 60 -cent piece out of the contribution -box and substitut- ing a dime. \Brer Snowball,\ lie exclaimed, in horror and amazement, \that's plain dishonest doings!\ \What's the matter, parson?\ the deacon asked, genially, conscious of mis own rectitude. Is led off w,ith chat fo'-bit piece for de las' to' years. That ain't a contribution; that's a temp'rary loan, as a noble maniple.\ Unburdening. You must at least give that candi- date credit for speaking his mind.\ \Yee replied Miss Cayenne. \But Its unfortunate that people most will- ing to speak their minds are so often those whose mentalities are more or less unpleasant.\—Washirrgton Star. Dad'. Dedaltina. \Ps what is a pony coatr 'Something I've got to work horse for to keep your mother ahle.t—Detrolt Free Press. • -, Nothing looks quita so old ;Id automobile , ONQU EMG4 a PHOID lii ACCI NATION EZIE=2=EMMS ROF this time on It is merely a question wheth- er one wishes to he proof against attack by typhoid fever or not. Certainly there can be no reason for contracting the mal- ady unless one chooses. People now- adays do not \catch\ smallpox If they have been properly vaccinated. In case they neglect that customary pre- caution, it is considered that they have deliberately exposed themselves to ties risk of contagion. The same proposi- tion will in future apply to typhoid, inasmuch as means have been found whereby, through inoculation with • suitable \vaccine anybody may be rendered permanently immune—that is to say, incapable of acquiring the die WS& Typhoid in old time was known as \putrid toyer.\ It was one of the most deadly of human maladies, largely be cause the proper methods to adopt in dealing with it were not yet known. But even to -day, when it kills less than 10 per cent of the victims it assails. it Is exceedingly destructive. It caused 60 per cent of the total deaths on the American side during the war with Spain—the disease, which raged in the military camps, being distrib- uted chiefly by flies. And it was re- sently estimate(' by Dr. George M. Ko- ber of Washington, D. C. --e, recognized authority on the subject—that, reck- oning loss of wage-earning capacity, expense for medical attendance, etc., typhoid fever in the United States costs annually not . less than $350,000,- 100. Accepting these figures, It appears that the disease costs the people of the United States flora than a billion dollars every three years. writes Rene Bach in Technical World Magazine, The immunising Vaceine. There is just one advantage in hav- ing typhoid. An attack of it renders one immune to the complaint there- after—at all events practically so, in- asmuch as a recurrence of the malady in a person who has once recovered from it is uncommon. But it would surely be very advantageous If such immunity could be attained without going through the sickness and suf- fering, with incidental risk of dying. Fortunately, this very thing has at mat been accomplished. That is to say, a means has been discovered whereby anybody may be rendered immune to typhoid—the result being obtained by a simple process of vaccination. The principle of vaccination for smallpox Is that of utilizing the germ of a near ly-related disease of the cow, much milder in character, tO produce im- munity against the more serious mal- ady. This idea nowadays is begin- ning to be applied, with much success. to other maladies, notably rabies—by Pasteur's discovery—and cholera and bubonic plague, the two latter at the mstance of Haffkine, an Englishman. Vaccination for typhoid—first worked out by Sir A. E. Wright of London— is based upon the same theory. For some time past the United States War Department has been bust- s- engaged with the problem of typhoid vaccination, and at the Army Medical Museum In Washington large quanti- ties of the immunizing fluid have been trinufactured and put up in sealed glees tubes, ready for usr-each tube containing the few drops requisite for a does. For military purposes it is of u tmost importance to find a means whereby the \putrid fever,\ which has always been the most deadly enemy O f troops—commonly killing more men than were slain by the enemy—shall he robbed of Its power to destroy. How the Vaseline Is Prepared. There is no reason, Indeed, why sol- diers in the field In future wars should suffer any loss whatever by ty- phoid. It will doubtless be required of every recruit, as a matter of course, that before being finally accepted he shall be Immunized against the mala- dy. AS for the regular army, several hundred men, volunteering for the purpose, have already been inoculated: and, the investigation having now pulsed beyond the experimental stage, every officer and enlisted man will bo subjected to the treatment The \vaccine\ for typhoid is pre pared by an extremely simple process. A quantity of beef broth I. made, and. when it has had time to cool, a fen' typhoid bacilli are put into It. Find- ing it an acceptable food, they multi- ply with great rapidity, until, after a few hours. the vessel of soup contains countless billione of them. They are then killed by putting the broth Into a eort of oven and heating it to a point In the neighborhood of boiling. This Is the \vaccine\—• soup con- taining the dead bodies of billions of typhoid bacilli. It I. now ready for ass. But first, to make perfectly sure that all the bacilli are dead, a small quantity of the soup is put intro a fresh batch of broth, previously sterilized by heat If, on mteroscopie examine Om some boars later, no living bac1111 ex* found in the new broth, It is taken for granted that the stuff Is all right and the soup holding the dr resat terms is put up In little glass table rash tubs, after beteg IWO- teed, receives a certain number of drab's of the immunizing fluid from a machine made for the purpose, and is ihola hermetically sealed with • glass- blower's blowpipe. It thus becomes nothing more than an elongated bulb of glass!, with no opening through which any microbe can gain admit- tance. When a dose is to be adminis- tered, the physician simply breaks off one end of the tube, draws its content Into his hypodermic 5yringe 7 -previous- ly sterilized—and thrusts the point of the instrument beneath the skin of the person to he Inoculated. A brief squirt, and it is all over. But to make assur- ance doubly sure—to make certain, that is to say, of \taking\—• second dose Is usually administered. The first one is of eight drops, representing about 500,000,000 bacilla; the second is fifteen drops, containing 1,000,000,000 bacilli, or thereabouts. How Typhoid Bacilli Operate. But, as already explained, the bacilli are all dead. Why, then, should they possess any usefulness? The answer Is that, though defunct, they still contain the peculiar and characteristic poison belonging to this species of microbes They are powerless to engender ty- phoid fever in the human body, but the poison in question has the effect of inducing the cells of the body to manufacture a particular anttdote—the antidote to typhoid. When a person is attacked by ty- phoid fever, the germs, feeding on the tissues, incidentally set free a consid- erable quantity of their 'specific poi- son. This poison is Injurious to the body cells, which absorb more or less of it But the cells, to protect them- selves against the enemy, proceed to manufacture on their own account an anti-poison—that is to say, a substance which in nine cases out of ten—If the patient be properly cared for—kills off the hostile mierobes, and eventually drives them out of the system. This is what happens every time when a sufferer from typhoid recovers, Unhoused and often unsheltered, wild animals suffer more than is gen- erally understood. No one can esti- mate the deaths of a year from severe cold, heavy storms, high winds and tides. In \The Lay of the Land\ Dallas Lore Sharp tells of whole col- onies of gulls and terns swept away by a great storm, and describes some of the fatalities of the little people of the wood. We have all held our breath at the hazardous traveling of the squirrels In the treetops. What other animals take such risks, leaping at dizzy heights from bending limbs to catch the tips of limbs still smaller, saving them- selves again and again by the merest chance? But luck sometimes falls. My broth- er, a careful watcher In the woods, was hunting on one occasion, when he saw a gray squirrel miss its footing In • tree, fall, aad break its neck upon a log beneath. I have frequently known them to fall short distances, and once I saw a red squirrel come to grief like the gray squirrel mentioned above. He was scurrying through the tops of some lofty pitch pines, a little hurried and flustered at sight of me. and near- ing the end of a high branch was Is the act of springing, when the dead tip cracked under him and he earns tumbling headlong. The height must have been forty feet, so that before he reached the ground he had righted himself, his tail out and legs spread; but the fall was too great. He hit the earth heav- ily, and before I could reach him lay dead upon the pine needles. Hasty, careless, miscalculated move ments are not as frequent among the careful wild flock as among human beings. perhaps; but there is abundant< evidence of their occasional occurrence and of their sometimes fatal results. Historie Whitewash. At a certain dinner, described in • recently published volume of English reminiscences. entitled \Memories of Two Rasters,\ Carlyle was among the guests. The philosopher was In high feather and inveighed against phi'. anthroplets, somewhat to the armor ance of a Miss Eliot who sat beside him, and who was closely identified with good works. \The utter absurdity,\ said Carlyle \of men and women spending their lives trying to whitewash what Clod Almighty has made black and meant to be black, instead of doing good to unfortunate honest people\ Miss Eliot was not a philanthropist of the submissive sort. She looked from Carlyle to Froude sitting at the other end of the table, and pleasantly remarked to Dean billman at her right: \Pretty well to talk about making black white when we are sitting be tween the whitewasher. of Henry VIII and Frederick II, compared to whore our ragged children are white al- ready!\ The women always say their bur bands coax them to go away for the summer, hut no one belleiks it - - - The morning after a big wedding, the wanes are smarty always aim IMO Muni THZ STA.GZ. Iliallytag tile Vaudeville Anatomies.. Where Pathos Is a Failure. \Some day I'm going to write a book and call it 'Audiences,'\ said an old actor, according to the New York Sun. \Critics of all ages, points of view and mental calibers have been regu- lating the stage for years and it is about time somebody who sees things from the other eide should tell a few things. Why, take It from me, there a isn i:a t i audience. s i q e u n ee ce rer in life than a tho- tr \An audience Is unable to keep still in the dark unless there is something startlinj going on. This is true of all kinds, from burlesque to grand opera. An audience will sit as still as • frozen gumdrop on a marble slab for an hour while there is something doing, but you let a dark change come or let somebody on the stage go to sleep in a chair by a dark firelight. \After never more than five or six seconds of comparative silence some feminine voice will be found feeling around in a feminine throat for a local Irritation that Isn't there. Then comes a short, low, nervous cough. Pine for the lady. The ball Is started. \Then over in the other corner of the house there will be in answering cough. Pretty soon a man gets into the game. He Is usually louder and longer. Next two or three of 'em try it at the same time. Then all hands get together in a grand syncopated chorus. \Then suddenly the lights go on or the burglar breaks in at the conserva- tory window. The hacking symphony stops short. Not a single cough then. \I'll tell you another fool thins about audiences. All you have to do to make 'ern laugh Is to say 'd and if the comedian can by any vast originality manage to say 'Oh, d—.' instead of the plain 'd—' he'll get ap- plause with the laughter. \Then look at the vaudeville audi- ence. The apparent willingness of that class of audience to be swayed by the egotism of an illiterate man in grotesque clothes who tells jokes of ancient parentage is almost disheart- ening. \The variety monologist advances confidently to the footlights and says something intended to be funny. At first the audience mAintains some de- - iree of individuality , and does not applaud. \Then the suave and elegant gen. tleman who is entertaining leans over the lights and asks, 'Who brought the dope into the house?' This makes all audiences embarrassed, but they don't usually laugh. Then he says, 'Say. I hate to wake youse up. If my voice disturbs youse, why don't you sleep in the lobby?' The audience feels at once that its ability to appreciate hu- mor is in question. It laughs. 'Well, the rest of yowle can think it over when youse wake up.' gays the artist and then the audience, goaded to der peration, laughs, applauds and in gen- eral misbehaves Itself. ,. \The ten, 'twent, thirt' folks are adamant. If they want to laugh they will laugh. If they want to cry they will cry and In either case no power an earth can stop 'em. \They carry their likes and dislike. and their individual judgment to such an extent that they would break up any band of performers who were not !nod to them. Pathos is something they cannot understand. They are not awed by it. Not at all. They cata- logue that along with everything else, and lilt seems funny they laugh at it appreciatively. If it seems tragic, they weep at it loudly and contentedly.\ lise••ol•nt American Restaurants. The first-class restaurants and he tel cafes of our large cities have se oomplished much for the convivial comfort and epicurean ecstasy of as Americans, but, more, they have owe !erred a benefit on the entire British aristocracy. The American restaur- ants, unwittingly to their proprietors, have been acting as humanitarian in- etitutions to the peers and peeresses of England. And what has the benev- olent American restaurant done? you ask. Nothing more, nothing less, than given the fish knife to the British no- blikty. The Yankee cafe has rescued thWdukes, duchesses, marquises, mar- ehionesess, earls, countesses, viscounts, viscountesses, barons and baroness.. of Britain from the eternal bore of having to eat a particularly bony perch with no other implements of dissection than a fork and • bit of bread. Fish knives used to be considered plebeian In England. Aristocrats wouldn't use them. They held their bit of polite bread in unyielding grasp and left to the general public the joys of befog able to eat trout in comfort with a fish knife. Such was the @tie tea of affairs when the American rer taurant made its saving existence felt. The American habit of both satfng and entertaining in cafes spread to En- gland. 'There fish knives were set before the patron, as they are here. Mem- bers of the nobility who commenced to follow the custom of going to res. taurants to entertain, be entertained, or merely to eat alone, regardvd the fish knife at first with looks of hau- teur. On the piece of bread, the fish knife's thus fit? snooeserul rival, they still oast kindly glances. Then — prestot—a peeress, somehow, one day, somewhere, went to the extent of lift. Ing the fish knife. That ended the esoendency of bread. The coronet was planed on the knife. Thus did the American restaurant accomplish a monumental deed for a seiteriag aria , Memel •

Sanders County Democrat (Plains, Mont.), 21 Jan. 1910, located at <>, image provided by MONTANA NEWSPAPERS, Montana Historical Society, Helena, Montana.