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- •iir,App Sanders County Democrat VOLUME T. PLAINS. MONTANA. FRIDAY, AUGUST 6. 1910. NUMBER 42 • Northwest Development News WASHINGTON IDAHO MONTANA OREGON Pacific Monthly, August Number WASHINGTON. (Continued from Last Week.) Kfickitat county, Washington, was adapted to growing these products, ow- ing to certain unique conditions exist- ing there. When the Hill interests completed the \North Bank\ railroad, this sec- tion was brought into prominence, and as it furnished good transportation for fruit, several large companies began epertition. The absence of late spring And of early fall frosts, together with fine soil and climate, renders this lo- cality particularly favorably situated for growing early varieties and ones subject to frost, such as apricots, almonds and peaches, and the bright sunshine and freedom from early fall rains make the growing of Tokay, Mus- cat, Malaga and Black Hamburg grapes profitable. It will not be long until the north bank of the Columbia river in Kickitat county will be as famous for its apricots and grapes as other sec- tions in the northwest are for apples, pears, and cherries. Washington Water Rights. The must valuable resource of Wash- ington is the large amount of water available for irrigation and power. Water gives value to more than one- half of the total area of the state. With water some of this land is worth, when planted to orchards, from $500 to $1,000 or more an acre; without water the same laud is worth only a few dollars an acre for grazing or for un- certain 7rain yields. The rapid fall of the streams that have their source in the Cascades create a large number of sites where may be developed almost unlimited water power. These streams are fed by the perpetual snows and deep glaciers of the mountain peaks which form inexhaustible reservoirs. The Yakima, Snake and the Upper Co• lumbia rivers are already reclaiming thousands of acres of laud in eastern Washington, and with the creation of storage reservoirs these and other streams will irrigate thousands of ad- ditional acres. Notwithstanding its great value for irrigation and power, water is the most carelessly treated resource of the state. The water laws are old-fashioned, in- definite, and few water titles are se- cure. This condition is discouraging to the individual irrigator, has much hampered the work of the reclamatioo service in Washington, and has resulted in costly litigation. The whole situa- tion is summed up in these words by Dr. Bryan, presiOint of the Washington State college at' Pullman: \We have no state irrigation engineer, no state department for determining and con- trolling the use of water, no adequate record of existing rights and titles, no satisfactory bodies, either of law ot adjudicated calms to go by. We are still in part under the tyranny of the riparian doctrine which is at the anti pods. of the doctrine of appropria- tion.\ It should be said that an earnest at tempt is being made to give the stati a modern water law, such as Oregon, Wyoming, Idaho and other states have. The great advertising value of a modern water law is not to be ques- tioned, to say nothing of the develop ment that it will insure. In Oregon, for example, no new Carey act projects were initiated for five years previous to the passage of its model new water code. In a single year after this new law was passed, sine new Carey act projects, which will reclaim 600,000 acres of land at a cost of $50,000,000, have been initiated. As soon as the streams can be adjudicated, water title. in Oregon will be as definite as land titles. On Upper Columbia. About 30,000 acres of land have been acquired during the past year by a company that is developing a great irrigation project north of Homburg, in the northeastern corner of the state, it is reported. The land is between Boesburg and Northport and reported as praetically all capable of being irri- gated from the water of Kettle river and the Columbia river. Engineers hate been at work on the proposed - -ixt gation project since early spring, and 'tomb preliminary work, including the beginning of construction work on the fifteen -mile dam and flume, has been done. This dam is to reclaim about 1,000 acre,' of land, and represerfts but one small unit of the entire project. The land in said to be very valuable for fruit raising, and, for tke produc- tion of all irrigated crops common to eastern Washington. The total sum of $1,300,000 is said to have already been expended by the company in the pur- chase of land and water rights. Horse -Power Near Tacoma. What the builder,' declare is to be the largest single hydro electric postfr plant in the world is being constructed at hake Tapp', about fourteen miles from Tacoma and but little farther from Seattle. More than 1,100 men are said to be at work en this great power • mAlio. (Continued from Last Week.) A single county in Idaho (Shoshone) is credited with a mineral production of $300,000,000 since mining began, and the total mineral resources of the state are very valuable. The state usually produces 40 per cent Of the lead of the United States, the 1909 production be- ing valued at nine and a third million dollars. In the order of their output for 1909 the other minerals ranks as follows: Silver, gold, copper, coal. The forests of Idaho are estimated to contain 57,500;000,000 board feet of timber. Water power experts say there is enough water energy in the state to supply all of the transportation, manu- facturing, lighting, and heating needs for a long period of years to come. To Open 8,200 Acres. By authority of the secretary of the interior, the unappropriated public lands in about 8,200 acres, eliminated from the Coeur d'Alene and Pend Oreille National forests, proclamation of May 6, 1910, will become subject to settlement uuder the provisions of the homestead laws on August 22, 1910, but not to entry, filing or selection un- til September 21, 1910, ').t the United States laud offices at Coeur d'Alene and Lewiston. The eliminated land is in the northern part of the state, in Bonner, Latali.and Kootenai counties. Nearly all the land is surveyed, but only 1,000 (about) _acres is unappropri- ated. project which is being constructed by a Boston corporation at an estimated cost of $3,500,000. The power being developed will be put to commercial use in Tacoma, Seattle and other Puget sound cities, and it is also reported that a part of the electrical energy will he carried to Portland by the longest .1 - admission line in the west. Drain 3,000 Acres Near Kelso. A number of Finland farmers of Cowlitz county are planning to orgau- ize a drainage district and construct a diking system that will reclaim at ieast 3,000 acres of rich overflow land .n the vicinity of Mount Solo. Seattle Looks to Future. One of Seattle's largest municipal , mprovements, under way, is the con - 'traction of a million -dollar dam at the .tutlet. of Cedar lake, that will be the means of storing enough water for the needs of a city of 3,000,000 population, ynd that will perhaps triple the power capacity of the city 's light and power plant. Large Flour Mills at Underwood. A concrete darn that will develop 10,000 horsepower at a point on the White Salmon river, known as \The Narrows,' and the construction of a 'arge 'flouring mill at Underwood, is .he announced plan of a Walla Walla Linn. Work is to begin at once, ani he first operation of the mill is to ytilize 1,000 horsepower. In Wenatchee District. A canal that will irrigate 2,000 acres if land near the towns of Leavenworth, -.lashmere and Monitor, in the Nonatchee fruit district, is reported to in the course of construction. Water sill be taken from Icicle river and carried twenty-two miles. The first tires miles of die canal will be of very 'diktat construction, and the estimated :oat of the entire system is not less ban $75,000. The charge for a per- ietual water supply is reported to be i125 per acre, with an annual mints- ianee fee of three dollars. The project s expected to be.completed in time for text year's irrigation. OREG014\.% (Continued from Last Week.) holes sevea.efeet apart, and the young trees will he carefully guarded from graying stork until they have grown to considerable size. laint Along the Deschutes River. To reclaim 7,000 acres of land along the Deechutes river, in Crook county, and to construct a large power plant at Oden falls that will furnish electrical energy to the towns of the Upper Demehute, valley, is the reported plan of Portland business men. The hydro - electrical energy of the power plant will be used for pumping water, and for commercial use in the towns of Prineville, Redmond and Madras, it is reported. It is said that work is be- ing pushed on this project as ;ant as men and materials can he secured. Irrigate 5,000 ACTOR Rogue River Valley It is the plan of Spokane capitalists to construct a large reclamation system that will irrigate at least 5,000 acres of orchard lands located on the line of the Pacific & Eastern railway, be- tween Medford and Eagle Point. The land has been commonly known as \the MONTANA. (Continued from Last Week.) Developing 2,000,00 Water Horse-Powee On the Flathead river, within the Flathead Indian reservation, a total of 2,000,000 horsepower is being developed by the United States reclamation serv- ice, it is reported. Five dams are planned and being constructed, two of these being a short distance south of l'olson, the third west of Ronan, and the fourth and fifth near Dixon. Re- clamation service engineers estimate that the total possible power at these five sites is approximately 2,000,000 horsepower, which will make it by far the largest power project in the entire west when it is completed. The use to which this enormous water power will be put is not announced. It would be capable of creating a great nianufae- turing center, but it is probable that it will find greater value for other purposes. Cheap power can always be efficiently used in any part of the semi- arid west where the land under irriga- tion is exceptionally productive and where transportation facilities afford markets for irrigated products. There are many large bodies of land in the west that carrnot be reached by gravity water and where reservoir sites would be -very hard or impossible to construct. Also it is thought that all railways in the west will be electrified in the near rut ore. Beaverhead and Madison Counties. Articles of incorporation for a mil- lion -dollar corporation which plans to reclaim a vast area of land in Beaver- head and - Madison counties, in the southwestern corner of the state, have been filed at the state capital. The company is composed of well-known Montana men, chiefly residents ill Butte. It is the plan of the company to divert water from the Beaverhead river, at a point twelve miles from Dillon, and carry a pall of this water into Madison county. Water will also be diverted from Ruby river, and taken into Madison county by means of a ditch more than forty miles in length desert,\ due to the looseness of the soil. It will not conserve the rainfall of the wet seasons as does the heavier laud of the lower valley, hence is not productive without irrigation, though it is said that irrigated crops will ma- ture quicker than in many other see - Dons of the valley. The main canal of the company will be two feet' deep and eight feet wide on the bottom, and will extend five miles in a straight line across the desert to a point were it in- tercepts Little Butte creek. , , - Reclaim 30,000 Acres in Baler County. To reclaim about 30,000 acres of promising fruit land located in eastern Baker county, near the Idaho line, is the plan of Oregon and Idaho capital- ists. It is reported that the promoting company has already entered into a contract with the Desert Land Board of Oregon for the withdrawal of the land and its reclamation under the terms of the Carey land act. The land will be within a few miles of the new rail- way line that is being constructed down the Snake river from Huntington to the Ox -Bow power plant. Crater Lake Wagon Road. The Medford Commercial cluOgives assurance that the wagon road for mak- ing accessible Crater Lake National Park will be completed regardless of the loss of the 'state appropriation through an adverse decision of the Ore- gon supreme court. Wallowa National Forests. Following the careful examination of the Wallowa national forests by the department of agriculture during the past summer, a total of 203,635 acres of land have.beea eliminated from this reserve by presidential proclamation. Sugar -Beet Growing. Great local interest is manifested in sugar -beet growing experiments that are being conducted this summer in Wallowa county. This year more than 1,000 acres of land in the vicinity of Enterprise and Loetine is being devoted to the growing of sugar beets, under decidely novel terms. The beet -sugar factory at La Grande leases the land for ten dollars per acre for the season, and then sends in Japanese labor to do all of the work of cultivating and har- vesting the sugar -beet crops Portland's New Building Record. Figures compiled by a Chicago pub lication show that the Portland build- ing permits issued during the month of May, 1910, were greater in total by 57 per cent than those of May, 1909. Proctor's Titled Wife Loses. Cincinnati, O. -The temporary in junction by which Percy Proctor sought to enjoin the transfer of stock given to his titled wife in furtherance of a marriage contract was made permanent by Judge Woodmansee. MARKET BASKET AT SPOKANE. New quotations on the best grade of home flour have advanced it 20 cents on the barrel or 5 cents on the sack of 50 pounds. The price per sack is now $1.60, as against $1.55 a few days ago. Hens are easing off in their activity and guaranteed strictly fresh home laid eggs are worth 35 cents. In the canning line new peaches, blackberries and apricots are chiefly in demand. Produce. Best fresh ranch eggs, 35e dozen; eastern eggs, selected, be per dozen; best local creamery buttor, 40e per pound; eastern butter, 300i)35e per pound; local flour, $1,email@example.com sack of 49 pounds; lard, 19@)20c per pound. Fruits and Vegetables. Potatoes, new, $1.75 per sack, or 12 pounds for 25e; cabbage, Sc pound; tur- nips, carrots and beets, 2 bunches for Sc; oranges, 35@,50c dozen; new apples, 4 pounds for 25c; raspberries, $2.75 per crate; apricots, 90c crate; peaches, 60c to $1.20 crate; bananas, 30e dozen. Meats. Roast beef, 20c; pork chops, 20e; roast, 15e to 18c; ham, 25e; bacon, 21@ 23c; dressed hens, 22e. Feed. Retail -Alfalfa, $18.00 ton; timothy, $25; straw, $10; wheat hay, $20; oat hay, $20; bran and shorts, $23; feeding wheat, $1.60 cwt.; oats, $1.80 cwt.; barley, $1.45. Pacific Northwest Wheat. Ititzville.-Bluestem, 90e; red, 85c. Davenport.-Bluestem, 86c; club, 81e. Walla Walla.-Bluestem, 90c; turkey red, 83e; club, 82c. Seattle. -Milling: Bluestem, 93c; forty -fold, 92c; club, 91c; fife, 91c; red Russian, 89e. Po rt land. -Club, 89@90c; bluestem, 99e. OTHER MARKETS. Dispatches concerniug market quota - thins, conditions and phases are as fol- lows: New York. Copper --Standard firm, and July, $11.90412.10; Lake, $12.62 1-24 12.87 1-2; electrolytic, $12.37 1-2(g, 12.62 1-2; casting, $12.12 1-2012.37 12. Tin -Steady, $33433.24... Lead -Quiet, $4.3544.45. Speller -Quiet, $firstname.lastname@example.org. Iron --Quiet; No. 1 foundry northern, $email@example.com; No. 1 southern, $11' 16.25; No. 1 southern soft, $15.7.) 16.25. Bar silver, 53 1-4c; Mexican dollars 44e. Chicago. Flour -Firm. Rye -No. 2, 77@77 1-2c. Barley -Feed or mixing, 524574; fair . to choice malting, 59(468c. . Flaxseed -No. 1 southwestern, $2.23; No. 1 northwestern, $2.45. Tiniothy seed, $6. Clover, $12.81. Merle pork, per bbl., $26428.25. Laird, per 100 lbs., $11.65 1-2. Short ribs, sides (loose), $11.754 12.12 1-2. Short clear sides (boxed), 02413.25. Butter -Steady; creameries, 24(( . .07e; dairies, 23426e. Eggs -Steady; at mark, case( in- cluded, 100114c; firsts, 15c. Cheese -Steady; Daisies, 15 1-44 15 1-2.c; Twins, 14 3-44151; Young Americas, 15c; Long Horns, 15 3-4c. CattleMarket slow. Beeves, $4,70 @5.25; Texas steers, $.3045.60; west- ern steers, $4.7546.60; stockers and feeds, $4(i_n8.25; cows and heifers, $2.50 46.40; calves, $6.5048.75. Hoge --Market slow, 10e lower. Light, $8.55; mixed, $8.2548.80; heavy, '47.90 48.70; rough, $7.9048.20; good to choice heavy, $8.208.70; pigs, $8.55 \9 111 ° 1 3 4 ----Market steady. Native, $2.70 R4.501 western, $2.6044.50; yearlings, $4.5045.75; lambs, native, $firstname.lastname@example.org; 0 western, $4.75 2 7.60. . Portland. Ckittle--Market active. Steers, top quality, $5.500, 5.75; fair to good, $34t 5.50; common, 6444.50; cows, top, $4.50 OD13; fair to good, $3.5044; common to medium, $2.75(e.3; calves, top, $646.50; heavy, *545.50; bulls; $3.5044; stags, $444.50. Hogs -Market unchanged. Best, $10 410.25; fair to.good, $9.2549.75. Sheep -Good stuff in demand. Top wethere, $444.25; fair to good, 834 3.50; ewes, 1-2c less on all grades; lambs, $5(a/6. San Francisco. Oats -Red, 0.4041.50; white, $1.80; black, nominal. Millstuffs-Bran, $23424; fkiddlings, $33434. ' Hay -Wheat, $9(ii14; wheat and oats, $9412; alfalfa, $7410; stock, $547; !draw, per bale, 35460c. Silver bars, 53 1-4c; Mexican dollars, 44c. Liverpool. Wheat -October, 70 5 5-8d; Decein- ber, 74 6 3-4d. Weather fine. Available Grain Supplies. Wheat -United States east of the Rockies, decreneed, 1111,000 be; Canada, decrease, 533,000 bit; total United States and Canada, decrease, 1,444,000 hu; afloat for and in Europe, decrease, 1,000,000 bu; total American and Euro: peso supply; decrease; 2,444,000 hu. Corn -United States and Canada, de• crease, 1,06,000 bu. Oats -United States and raped*, de- crease, 633,000 bu. More thin one-third of Turk/1.'6 local trading is done through Constantinople. CRIPPEN CAUGHT FUGITIVE MURDERER IS A PRISONER. CAPTURED ON BOARD STEAMSHIP WHEN IT ARRIVED risr THIS SIDE, SUNDAY. Fat her Point, Que., Aug. 1. -Dr. Haw- ley Harvey Crippen and Ethel Claire Leneve, his stenographer, who fled from London after the disappearance of Belle Elmore, the doctor's wife, were arrested here Sunday, aboard the Canadian Pa- cific liner Montrose, at the command of Inspector Dew of SentlAtid Yard. The identification of the long -sought fugitives on the fog -bound steamer by the English inspector, who had raced across the Atlantic ahead of the Mont- rose, marked the culmination of one of the most sensational flights in recent crimitial annals. Aceompanied by Ca- nadian officers, he boarded the vessel at 8:30 o'clock this morning and 15 min- utes later both man and girl were locked in their staterooms, Crippen, broken in spirit but mentily relieved by the relaxed tension; the:girl, garbed in boy's clothes, sobbingihysterieally. They were no longer the? \Rev. John Robinson and son,\ as -booked from Antwerp on July 20, After brief d t elay the;Montrose con- tinued her 160 mile jourriey up the river toward Quebec; where jail awaited the ..• pair. Crippen is charged with the mur- der of an unknown woman, believed to have been his actress wife. The girl is held as an accessory. In charge of In- spector -Dew, they will be taken back to Engigand ;or trial on the Royal line steaNisip Royal George, leaving Quebec on Thursday next. Persons in Crippen Tragedy. lino ley Harvey Crippen, an Anioni can, aged 50, graduate 1884 of the Homeopathic Hospital college of Cleve land, Ohio. Has been manager of \Munyon's\ in London. Lived at 39 Hilldrup-crescent. Disappeared July 9. Cora Crippen, his wife, also an Ameri- can. A music hall artist known as Belle Elmore. Honorable treasurer of the Music Hall Ladies' guild. Last seen early in February, and stated by her husband to have died in California. The remains of a woman believed to be hers discovered buried in a cellar at the house in Hilldrop crescent. Ethel Clara Leneve, age 27. Has for 10 years been in the employ of Crippen as his typewriter. Has lived with - him at Hilldrop-crescent since the disappear fume of his wife, and has been known as Mrs. Crippen. Disappeared with Crippen. IS SAID TO HAVE KILLED 8 -YEAR -OLD GIRL Joseph Wendling, Accused of Das- tardly Crime, Captured in San Francisco, The Tragedy in Outline. February 2 -Mrs. Crippen disap peered. Crime') circulated the report that his wife had gone to America. February 3 -Undated letter, purport ing to be from Mrs. Crippen, arrived at oflicee of Music Hall Ladies' guild, of which Mrs. Crippen was honorable tree,' utter, announcing writer's departure for America and resigning the treasurer ship. The letter is believed to be a forgery. March 26 -Notice of Mrs. Crippen 's death in California appeared in the obituary column, of the Era. April 2 -Paragraph announcing Mrs. Crippen 'sr death appeared in the Stage .Tune 30 -Friends of Mrs. Crippen vie ited Scotland Yard and informed Superintendent Froeet and Chief In specter Dew of her mysterious diaep. pearance. July 9 -Dr. Crippen and Ethel Leneve disappeared together at t p. July 13 -Woman's mutilated.remaine, believed to be those of re. Crippen; die covered under. the door of the coal eel Mr beneath the steps leading s from the front door of the Crippene house. , July 31 -Dr. Crippen and Milail. neve arrested on the Montrose at Father Point, Quebec. San Francisco. -Joseph Wendling, former janitor of St. ,John's parochial school, Louisville, Ky., charged with the murder of 8 -year -old Alma Kellner, was arrested in this city Saturday. He admitted his identity to the police on his arrest. He made no resistance and admitted to the officers on the way to the city prison that he was Wendling. Wendling is charged with the brutal murder of Alma Kellner, 8 -year -old daughter of the wealthy Louisville brewer of that name. A reward of $6,000 was offered for his, capture, so certain were the Louisville authorities of his guilt. The child went to the school on December 8 last to attend mass. She was not seen again until her mutilated body was found in the basement of the school building on May 30. There was every indication that the child had been murdered and her body hidden in order to conceal the crime. Wendling is about 27 years old and is supposed to be a son of a good family. He speaks several languages fluently and when captured he made no attempt to disguise himself. According to his wife, Wendling left Louisville on January 24 and the trail followed by Carney led him Into Mexico, Cnetral America and finally back to this country, to a ranch near Vallejo. Wendling denied any con- nection with the murder of the girl in his talk with the district attorney and police. FRUITGROWERS IN COMBINE. Birth of Northwestern Exchange Means End of Holdupe-Headquarters in Portland. It is believed that the organizatio. of the Northwestern Fruit Exchange r * Sea!,tio last week marks the beginning of the end of \noldups\ fruit growers have suffered at the hands of certain buyers and middlemen for years. The purpose of the organization is the co•orilinatkon of the fruit growing interests of Ciag..e, Idaho 3111I Niontana and the centralizing of the handling and marketing of fruit -4rown in the northwest through one channel. R. II. Parsons of the Hillerest Or- chards company of Medford, Ore., was elected president; M.. Horan, president of the Central Washington Develop- ment League, was elected to the vice presidency; W. N. Crish, president of the Yakima County Horticultural union, second vice president; \ C. R. Dorland, secretary; W. F. Gwynn, treasurer and general manager. The headquarters of the new organ- ization will be in Portland. The ex- change will undertake the marketing of the fruits controlled by a number of co operative growers' associations in the northwest. It is expected that this scheme will \eliminate the wasteful and costly competition\ and at the same time make for a more comprehensive market. It is pro- posed to maintain a number of branch sale offices at every market center of the United States. Promoters .of the association likewise have formulated plans for the establishment of trade relations with European markets. HAUL $118,000,000 IN STREET TO BANK Chicago Merger Piles Up Money at Institution Ranking Third In the United States. Chicago. -Details of the coneolida• tion of the Continental and Commercial National banks were completed Satur- day, and with the opening of the rnerged institution, the Continental and commercial National bank, Monday niorning Chicago now has an institution third in size in the United States and the largest west of New York. It will hare deposits of nearly $167,000,000. A capital of $20,000,000 and surplus and undivided - profits of over $13,000,- 000. The movement of nearly $118,000,000 in eash and securibies from the Conti- nental to the new Commercial bank was a metter of interest to thousands if persons during the day. More than half a ton of gold and silver, as well ee bales of bills, was in the wagons that kept up a continuous journey from hank to bank. In size the Continental ad Commer- cial National will be exceeded only by the National City bank of New York, which has $243,800,000, and the . Na- hone! Bank of Commeree of New York, which has $182,615,000 depneite. These 3111 the figure. of the banks published for June 30 officially. - Porter Charlatan tlo Free? Porter Charleton, eotifessed murderer of his wife, Mary Castle Oharleton, whose body was taken from Lake Como, Italy, may go forth a free man hem Jersey City. The Italian ger ernment has made no formal demand for the extradition of Cbarleton.