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C • 'r Sanders County Democrat VOLUME I. PLAINS. MONTANA, FRIDAY, AUGUST 19, 1910. NUMBER 44 NORTHWEST NEWS ITEMS NOTES SELECTED FOR BUSY READERS. ABOUT PEOPLE AND EVENTS IN MONTANA, IDAHO AND WASHINGTON. WASIIINGTON STATE NEWS Aberdeen has decided to expend $300,000 filling in 250 acres of tide flats. B. R. Tillman, Jr., son of Senator Tillman of South Carolina, was a vis- itor in Spokane recently. Experts estimate the market value of the northwest's apple crop at from $27,000,000 to $29,000,000. - The annual convention of the Wash- ington State Retail Grocers' associa- tion will be held September 14-15 at Walla Walla. Forest fires raging four miles north of Bellingham have compelled several families to hurry with their household effects to the city. An apple tree and two eherry trees estimated to have been 60 years old were cut down recently at Vancouver to make room for a new brick block. Whitman 'county has completed the county bridge which extends from Mill street to Main street, Colfax, making easy access to the large grain ware- houses. At the sixth annual convention of the Washington state Elks' convention at Port Angeles, Robert Shields of Bal- lard was elected to the presideucy of the organization. Fraudulent advertising of the alleged opening of 1,000,000 acres of irrigated land in the Yakima Indian reservation is denounced in a recent warning state- ment issued by the interior depart- ment. tauperior Court Judge Edward W. Taylor, well known on the bench in Seattle and Tacoma, and as an attorney in Nevada and California cities, died Friday at Concouully. lie was 57 years of age. A city of 1,000,000 is the basis on which all work of the civic plans com- mission of Seattle will be dune. The plans are to be extended in the future to cover territory embracing 150 square miles. Mr. Ballinger has lost practically all his personal fortune in defending him- self from the attacks that have been made upon him. It is said that one at- • torney fee alone in the congressional investigation cost him $10,000. IDAHO NEWS ITEMS I POSTAL The sale of lots on the government townsite near St. Melees, Idaho, brought approximately $35,000, or an average of about $45 a lot. Fall' wheat in the neighborhood of Gifford will yield from 38 - to 48 bushels per acre, according to esti- mates made this week. The Burke school board has declined the proposition of abandoning its school and sending the pupils to the Wallace high school for the coming year. ' Governor James Brady has wired Governor Hay of his desire to attend the conference of governors in Salt Lake August 18, to discuss western unity on conservation. E. M. Heigho, president of the Pa- cific & Idaho Northern railroad, has been held for manslaughter by a court at Weiser, in connection with the death of Mrs. Sylvia Riegleman of Omaha. The Idaho State Nursery association mot in Nampa last week. Emmett will have the privilege of entertaining the tree men the next time. The officers of the association are Charles T. Ilawkes, Caldwell, president; C. E. Wright, Kimberly, secretary and treas- urer. The plans of the new sewerage sys- tem for Sandpoint may yet have to be changed, as it is claimed that a lum- ber company has made complaint to Statee,Pure Feed and Sanitary In- spector Wallis protesting against the flowage of the sewer in the Pend Oreille river, which is a navigable stream. It is claimed that Mr. Wallis will compel the city to take care of the flow from the sewer in septic tanks. Dean Hallowell of the Lewiston State normal says that the coming year will be the best in the history of the school. An enrollment of 375, or a total, includ- ing the training school, of 575 is ex- pected. Five new instructors have been added to the faculty which now num- bers twenty-five. Three new buildings have been completed during the year. Two new courses will be given this fall --one for the training of students to teach domestic science, the other for the special training of teachers for the rural schools of the state. The supreme court Saturday placed the seal of its disapproval upon Sunday moving picture shows in a decision in which it declined to disturb the judg- mera of the lower court, which, as the result of a test case, sentenced the owner of a Boise show house to jail for one day and to pay a fine of $50. The case went to the higher court on habeas corpus proceedings. The action will put an end to the Sunday moving picture shows at Boise and no doubt all over the state. The supreme court has appointed J. H. Easterday of Tacoma member of the committee to examine candidates for admission to the bar. He succeed- ed J. R. Briggs of the State Bar asso- ciation, whose term expired. The state treasurer has paid over to Tacoma city officials $100,000 in ex- change for au equal face value of 4 1-2 per cent Tacoma bonds, which have been purchased as an investment for state permanent school funds. King county schools had an enroll- ment of 48,823 pupils, in 265 school houses, taught by 1,188, teachers and using school property valued at $5,161,- 593, during the school year of 1909- 1910, according to the annual report of the county superintendent of schools, A. S. Borrows. According to the report of County ,iuditor Chittenden, recently issued there are 554,645 acres of land to be &messed in Franklin county, the value of which is placed at $2,370,950. The value of the personal property is listed at $927,987, and the railroad property totals $1,958,450, the aggregate value of all taxable property being $5,778,- 948. The discovery of the top of an auto- mobile in the river near Mount Ver- non by the Skagit county sheriff and a party of searchers has served to con- firm the fears of the relatives of D. R. Rowland, an Anacortes liveryman, and C. 1). Sterling of Portland, a machin- ist, that the bodies of the two men , are lying at the bottom of the river. The two left Mount Vernon for Ana- cortes and have not been seen since. A lecture hall is being provided for the state fair, September 26 -October 1, in which fifteen minutes illustrate lectures will be given on topics that interest the fruit grower, farmer, stoekmein and \average citizen.\ The topics will Include horticulture, its pests, treatment, packing, etc. The agricultural courses will include talks sin soil, irrigation, and kindred lam portant subjeets, while the students • stock judging contest will be the es- nenee of a complete court% of lectures by educators .ef state and national re- pute. The State college faculty and State Superintendent Dewey are wort - Big omit the details of the lecture course. SAVINGS NEW BANKING SYSTEM STARTS IN NOVEMBER. SO SAYS POSTMASTER GENERAL HITCHCOCK, WHO HAS ORGAN- IZATIONS IN CHARGE. Refreshed by a long sea voyage, Postmaster General Hitchcock is ready to take up the work of organizing the postal savings bank system, inaugurat- ing more reforms in his department, still .further reducing the deficit, and assisting the president and his admin- istration in the solution of many im- portant political and patronage ques- tions. If Mr. Hitchcock ever had any idea of retiring from public life his most recent accomplishment of reducing the department deficit of $11,000,000 has made him change his mind. Mr. Hitch- cock sailed for Europe some weeks ago, predicting that when the account, for the fiscal year ended June 30 last were made up it would be shown that the deficit had been reduced by $10,000,- 000. He was gratified to learn that this figure had been exceeded by $1,000,000. Asked about the recent re- ports that he would retire from the cabinet and move to Arizona, Mr. Hitchcock said: MONTANA NEWS NOTES Hugo 0. Paterson of Grand Forks, N. D., committed suicide at Butte Sat- urday. Ile was despondent over love affairs. He leaves two children. Ole Johnson of the firm of Johnson & Johnson, railrdlad contractors, of Spo- kane, died Friday of injuries received in an explosion near Saltese, Mont. Representatives of several banks in Spokane will participate in the pro- gram at the annual meeting of the Mon- tana State Bankers' association, in Bozeman, August 30-31. The provincial police at Victoria have arranged for a Los Angeles policeman who knew William Ileney, wanted for the murder of Special Constable Decker at Kamloops in June, 1909, to go to Dillon to identify a suspect held there. Little baby Viola Willard died Sat- urday in Butte from injuries received when an automobile, owned by Dr. J. It. E. Sievers and driven by hie book- keeper, D. Clark, dashed into a crowd of people, knocking down Mrs. Hattie Willard and her child. Mrs. Willard s - ill live.. Miss Betel Roosevelt has arrived at (Hader, inZthe no national park, in company with her Rat and uncle, Mr. and Mrs. Osborne of New York. On her way from the railway to the foot of the lake, where the boat is taken for the hotel, Miss Roosevelt diove the horses, sitting on the front seat with the driver. - The production of copper for July shows less curtailment in the Butte district than for the preceding month of June by 3,978,286 pounds. This in- creased production is due in no small measure to the activity of a number of small companies and also to the resump- tion of a 6 -day week instead of five days by the subsidiary companies of the Amalgamated Copper company. Borrowing a revolver from Chief of Police J. J. Quinn.at butte to \kill a dog,\ he said, Del Reed, a well knqwn cattle buyer, Saturday night walked up to William Cohen in the midst of a crowd on Park street, and said: \I'm going to kill you now,\ nod as Cohen made a dash into a nearby saloon, fired three times, one bullet plowing through the latter'e abdomen and the other in his chest. Cohen will die. Reed mo- tioned to a policeman on the corner Po take him into enstody. He claims that his wife- hae been,untrua. Mrs. Reed is a dashing young woman of beauty. Cohen has figured before the courts considerably of late in cermet- lion with a horse dealing Mee. Likes Job—Will Not Retire. \Those reports are all dreams. I like my place, and am interested in my work. I believe there is an op- portunity to make a record here, and I propose to stay.\ \Many of your predecessors have talking about abolishing the deficit. How did you come nearer to doing it than any of them?\ Mr. Hitchcock was asked. \The remarkable showing the de- partment has made is the result of co- operation among the officials and em- ployes of the department,\ replied the postmaster general. \More than a year ago we began a reorganization in the department proper and many changes have been made in methods of doing business here. They would have counted for little by themselves, however. At the beginning of the last fiscal year I wrote a personal letter to every. presidential postmaster, telling him of the desire of the ad 'nistration to economize, and asking for earnest personal co-operation of them- selves and their employes. They re- sponded magnificently. I have re- ceived hundreds of letters telling about their work. Not only has money been saved in every office in the land, pyt the service has not been injured. The clerks and carriers felt that the de- partment was interested in their wel- fare, and they made it possible to ef- fect changes in personnel and methods. Mr. Hitchcock says he has selected a man for appointment as first assist- ant postmaster general and that he will probably take office October 1. BOILER BURSTS ON BOAT AT SEA Four Men Are Killed by Explosion Off Coast of California. Point Arena, Aug. 15.—Four men were killed Sunday night when the boilers of the steam schooner Phoenix blew up at sea about 10 miles north of Point Arena lighthouse, off the Men- docino coast. Two of them, Chief Engi- neer Thomas Houston of Berkeley and Second Mate Andrew Rasmussen of San Francisco, reached shore with the survivors of the vessel, but died this morning from their burns and other in- juries. The mangled bodies of the other two men, Fireman Christ Hansen and William Nichlson, of San Francisco, ride ntoight in the demolished engine room of their water-logged ship as she floats at sea, a derelict. STOCK BORN ON TRAIN RIDE FREE So Rules Interstate Commerce Com- mission on Novel Question Before It. The interstate commerce commission recently had an interesting question raised by a western railroad. The road recently hauled a carload of household goods for a farmer who was moving. Under the road's tariff such shipments are allowed to include 10 head of live stock. This farmer had 10 cows and horses in his load. At the end of the journey It was discovered that the num- ber of livestock had been increased by two calves. The railroad agent there- upon assessed a freight rate on the calves, upon the minimum rate basis of 3,600 pounds, as stipulated in the of- ficial tariff. The calves probably weighed 50 pounds but the agent could only follow the tariff which was based upon the assumption that full-growu cattle would be carried. The farmer paid the charge and pro- tested to the road and the commission. The commiesion was asked by the road whether it could refund the charge on the calves without being liable to prose- cution for rebating. The commission has not answered but its officials say there it no question that the road can and should refund the excess charge on the calves. Important Economics. For instance, instead of employing many substitutes during the summer clerks and carriers left on duty wil- lingly took on the work of their asso- ciates who were absent on vacations. There him been no working oveitime and no lack of help. \The good results of many changes in the nioney order service, registry sys- tem and other branches of the will be even more manifest during th current fiscal year, and unless there is a severe business depression, which no- body looks for., I expect that the re- maining $5,000,000 deficit will be wiped oul by next July, and for the first tinie in many years the department will be on a self sustaining basis.\ Work of Starting Banks. From now on until fall the postal savings bank will occupy most of Mr. Hitchcock 'a time and attention. \We want to start the bank right and we do not want to start before we are ready,\ laid Mr. Hitchcock. \There is an enormous mass of pre- liminary work to be done in organizing the postal bank system, way of preparing regulations, arra ging for deposits, stamps, pass books, methods of of accounting, rates of interest,`atc„, If the system was inaugurated before the department is reedy to handle its broil- nem it would not be long before every- thing got into a very bad tangle. No Additional Expense. 'I do not expect that any branch de- positerim will be established until No- vember 1. 'hie first branches will be located in the smaller first-claes offices where postmasters have records for elf- ficieney. Thie plan will enable us to extend the system more widely to be- gin with them would be the case if we established branch banka in the larger cities. I did pot investigate the postal savings bank matter abroad, but I did look into it in Canada last summer. We will have a satisfactory system, without additional expense to the gov- ernment,' as it is expected the differ- ence between the rates of interest the department will pay and receive on funds it receives and deposits under the law will pay the cost of the system.\ WILL TRY AND PREVENT BRIBES Gore Investigation Committee Ask for Legislation From Congress. Will It is prohable that the select com- mittee of the house of representatives which is conducting the charges made by Senator Gore will require another week to complete the gathering of evi- dence. The report to congress will then be formulated. This report will deal with tees sub- jects. The first of these will be the charges of Senator T. P. Gore that he was offered a $25,000 bribe to withdraw his opposition to the McMurray con- tracts which provided for the -sale of the $30,000,000 to $50,000,000 worth of Indian lands on a 10 per cent contin- gent fee basis to a private attorney. The other features of the report will be in the form of a recommendation to congress for legislation to prevent any further conditions similar to those which brought about the present in vestigation. It is the belief that the overnment hereafter will take a more arbitrary hand in enforcing its treaty with the Indians. BRUSSELS' BIG FIRE DESTROYED IT'S EXPO- SITION BUILDINGS. LOSS IS OVER $100,000,000—FIRE STARTED IN TELEGRAPH BUILDING. Lyon Above Board. \I told Secretary Garfield that my employment in the matter of the first McMurray contract. was to be open and above board, and that if there was anything not proper about the con- tracts I would have nothing to do with them,\ testified Cecil A. Lyon before the congressional investigating com- mittee. Mr. Lyon is the national committee- man of Texas, and before the McMur- ray Indian land contraets were disap- proved by President Roosevelt, he had been working in their interests as a member of the *McMurray firma. \I took up the McMurray contracts purely as a business deal,\ said he. \After they were disapproved I had nothing further to do with the matter. I have nothing to do with the present con- tracts that McMurray has.\ The present contracts, if approved by congress, would allow McMurray $3,000,000 attorney's fees, and they are the object of the investigation which was instigated by Senator Gore when he said an attempt had been made to bribe him in order to get him to with- draw his opposition to them. Brussels, Aug. 14.—Fire swept the great Belgian exposition tonight. The flames were driven by a high wind and soon destroyed the Belgian. English and French sections. Two are dead and 30 injured. The white city of the world's fair, as the Belgians have called their 1910 exposition, is tonight a mass of flames and smoldering ruins. A spark falling into inflammable material in the tele- graph building burst in to flames which, driven by a high wind, swept rapidly in all directions. Soon the Belgian, English and French sections were destroyed. The firemen and detachments of soldiers called to the scene found themselves baffled by the gale, which carried the burning embers to all parts of the grounds. The loss is estimated at $100,000,000. Vast Crowd Panic Stricken. At the time of the outbreak not less than 100,000 persons were circulating in the grounds and the Kermesz. Troops were ordered out and came at double-quick to aid the police in clear- ing the great grounds. This was ac- complished in fair order except within the limits of the Kerwin, where the vast crowd became entangled in an al- most inextricable mass, 'fighting des- perately to find an escape from the flames which swept viciously through the tinder -like structures. Soon the enormous facade tumbled in ruins. Considering the rapidity of the conflagration. the small loss of life is marvelous. So far as it is known, up to a late hour tonight, only two are dead. The injured, as officially an- nounced, number 30, but probably many hundreds received minor hurts. As the flame e reached the menagerie it was de- cided to shoot the beasts, but the heat drove back the soldiers and the animals were left to their fate. The multitude of people were driven back to a safe distance and watched the thrilling spectacle of the destruction of the White City. Tongues of fire mounted high into-the heavens and flaming em- bers were carried off by the wind and fell upon the residences beyond, setting them on fire. Thieves at Work. The fire wan finally under control. The Belgian and English sections are in ruins, while all the other sections, including the American, were partly destroyed. Bands of thieves engaged in pillage and a soldier was stabbed while ar- resting three men whom he found rifling a jewelry exhibit. The aggregate loss will be enormous. The diamond exhibitors are heavy suf- ferers. MR. ROOSEVELT WON'T TALK. Taft WW Speak. President Taft has decided to teeeept the invitation to address the National League of Republican Clubs at Car- negie Hall, New York, on September 30. There is likelihood that this will be the president's one trpeech of the cam- paign and, as he will be surrounded by , a pi:flatted atmosphere, it le probable , that politics will enter largely into what he has to say. But He I. Interested in Taft's Rumored Changes in the Political Situation. Ex -President Roosevelt had no corn meat to make on the dispatches from Beverly, Mass., to the effect that Presi dent Taft bad decided on a readjust ment of conditions within the interior sphere of the rpublican party. lie was greatly interested in the re- port that Senator Aldrich and Speaker Cannon would be relegated to lesser positions in the councils of the party, that Secretary Ballinger would retire on September 15, and that Senator Crane would timeline a more important role in hie relations with the admin ist ration. Cannon Only .filmiles. Danville, Ill.--Speakor Cannon smiled when he was asked to comment on rumors that lie, Senator Aldrich and Secretary Ballinger were to be place( in less prtiminent positions in repub liean petiole] politics. \I am quite willing to abide by the vote of the ma jority of the people in November,\ he said. •••••• I1AINE1 AROUND WALLACE. Came Sunday Night After Forest Firee Raged All Day Amid a btrong Wind. Wallace, Idaho, Aug. 15.—Fanned by a stiff mountain wind all day Sunday, fires at Avery on Big creek, tributary of the St. Joe and along the main St. Joe river have broken away again and reports reaching Supervisor Weigle of the Coeur d'Alene forest reserve say that canyons Saturday untouched by flames have become roaring furnaces and that the blazes will not be checked by human hand, only rain being able to, stop them. One bridge on the Chicago, Milwau- kee 4 Puget Sound was burned, tying up all traffic. Two companies of colored soldiers from Spokane are on hand. Three hundred men are fighting fran- tically to save homes of homesteaders and timber in the St. Joe region, work- ing almost against hope. • Reports from the Pine creek, Placer creek and other fires near Kellogg say that forest rangers and their hundreds of helpers have them under control. Elk City Center of Fire. The whole country in the vicinity of Elk City is ablaze. The telephone line is burned down for several miles and the town is cut off from communica- tion. Dynamite Makes Rain. Hundreds of pounds of dynamite hung to the limbs of trees on the high points surrounding Wallace and exploded Sun- day afternoon in the hope that the effect might produce rain to check the devastation by forest fires is said to have had a result, for at midnight Sun- day rain began falling for the first time in two mouths. The fall has been heavy. BEST BIBLE STUDENT LIVES IN ST. LOUIS Mtn Lois Torbert of That City Won First Prize at Winona Conference. St. Louis was declared to have the most thorough Bible student the annual world's contest held in coons(' tion with the Winona assembly pro gram. The first prize was awarded to Miss hots Torbert of that city. Kra Anna Fitch of Troy, Ohio, won second Wore and Miss Eliza Chase of Winons Lake third. FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE DIES. In Her Ninetieth Year, Passes Away in London—Was Famous War Nurse. London, Aug. 14.—Florence Nightin- gale, the famous nurse of the Crimean war and the only woman who ever re- ceived the Order of Merit, died today at her London home. Although she had been an invalid for a long time, rarely leaving her room, her death was somewhat unexpected. A week ago she was quite sick, but then ireproved and on Friday was cheerful. During that night alarming symptoms developed and she gradually sank until 2 o'clock this afternoon when an at- tack of heart failure brought the end. Her funeral will be as quiet as pos- sible, in accordance with her wishes. Florence Nightingale was born May 12, 1820. She was the first woman to follow a modern army into battle as a nurse, and in the Crimean war gained the title of \Angel of the Crimea.\ At the close of the war she was enabled by a testimonial fund amounting to $250,000 to found an institution for the training of nurses, the Nightingale home at St. Thomas. She was also the means of calling attention to the insani- tary conditions of camp hospitals. In 1908 she received the freedom of the city of L.,hdon and King Edwerd bestowed upon her the Order of Merit, the most exclusive distinction in the gift of the British sovereign. The mem- bership of the order is limited to 24, and it includes Lord Roberts, Lord Volseley, Field Marshal Kitchener, James Bryce, Prince Yamagata and Admiral Toga. HE IS ATHLETIC CHAMPION. F. C. Thompson of Los Angeles Beats Gillis of Vancouver, B. C. F. C. Thomson of Los Angeles im champion amateur am round athlete of the world for 1910, winning that dis- tinction at the annual tournament on Marshall field in Chicago Saturday. Hie score was 6901 points, 400 less than that which captured the ehampionsbip last year. His nearest competitor was John H. Gillis, a Vancouver, B. C., policeman, who rounded up 6909 points. OHM% fought Thomson fur the first place through every event/ A large crowd watched the bronzed followers of Her- cules test their vitality, agility and en- durance in the various tests. The field and the weather were per- fect. No world's records were made or were any of the existing records in danger in any event. GENERAL VILJOEN OFFERED POSITION -- General 13. .1. Viljoen, who gained his title in the Boer war, and who is now farming near has Crimes, N. M., re- eently received a Ablegram offering him the post of assistant minister of native affairs of the South African Federation. The offer mine from F.. W. Bock, secretary of the prime min - inter, end General Viljoen is coma& ening it. Billy S- u▪ nday Tours Oregon/ \Billy\ Sunday, one time left field- er for the old Chicago White Stock- ings, later known to fame as an evan- gelist, and now owner of an apple or- chard - at Hood River, will stump Ore- gon for the prohibitionists. 4. .01 4