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YELLOWSTONE VALLEY STAR Pi ft? sill el Jm k uiriu, • ' Supreme Court May Have the Last Word W ASHINGTON.—In a far-reaching (lecision vitally affectlacraliroad rate control In the several) states, the interstate commerce commission has held that New York state passenger fares are discriminatory because. they are lower than interstate fares and ordering thea-institutlon of the higher Interstate rates. The decision. .the most Atal since the celebrated Shreveport rate , case as affecting railroad control by the in- terstate commerce commission, means • a 20 per, cent increase in all passen- ger fares in New York state, as well as -increases In baggage charges, milk and cream rates nue sleeping car tares. Action upon commutation fares was -postponed pending further in- quiry. Orders entered by the • interstate commerce commission overrule the public' service commission of New York, which refused to apprave or put, into effect the higher fares, awl over- ride the New York state law .which limits passenger fares to three cents. Commissioner Eastman, in a Wag dissenting opinion, set forth the view that the interstate commerce CO1011118. -slog had stepped beyond the bounds of its powers and limitations in the majority opinion. He brought out . sharply the issue of state' rights in .volved in the question of Eltate con- trol over interstate . commerce. It is probable 'Oat the case will be carried before the Supreme court for decision, as all of the state at and public service commissions joined with or stood behind • the New York public service commission In- fighting the is- sue of national power or control over state transportation affairs. When the interstate commerce com- mission ordered a 40 per cent -increase in freight 'rates and a 20. per cent In- crease on passenger fares last August all of the state commissions were asked to make similar increases. The public Service commission of New York refused to increase the passen- ger fares, milk rates, sleeping car tolls and baggage rates because_of_a limit- ing stale law and alleged failure of the railroads to show necessity. Oth- er stales refused to approve some of the charges. Eight Years of a Republican C LOSE analysis of the results of the recent 'senatorial election dis- clóp the fact that the ! Republicans have inched their hold upon the sen- ate for at least eight years, according to party experts. It is doubtful wheth- er even in 12 years the Democrats can win a sufficient number of seats from the Republicans to -give . them a Ma- jority, unless there should be a com- plete landslide In states -now solidly Republican. This is due to the geographical ar- rangement of the senators in the or- der In which they retire. Thom who retire in 1923 and 1925 happen to be from states so situated that all the Republicans who come up for re-elec- tion are practically certain to suc- ceed themselves, It Is claimed, while the retiring Democrats are from states in which the election of Repub- licans to succeed Democrats Is not ud- likely. • In the 1923-1924 eiections the Ite- publicans have a better- chance than. the Democrats to hold all the seats they now have and perhaps 'make fur - their gains. The big shakeup, If it comes at all. %vitt he In the 1926 election; when 2$ Republicans and seven Democrats, win- ners in this year's election, must fight again for their seats. The parties are evenly divided as to numbers In the 32 senators whose tertns will be filled in the 1022 election. Senate? Of the 16 Republicans whose terms tx - pire it is difficult to figure how a single seat can be lost, while the Dem- ocrats will have a hard fight to re- tain the 16 on their side, according to claims. The 16 Republicans are Calder, New ,York; France, Maryland; Fre- lingliuysen, New Jersey; Hale, Maine; Johnson, California; Kellogg, Minne- sota; Knox. Pennsylvania LaFollette, Wisconsin; Lodge. Massaci usetts; Mc - Cumber, North Dakota.; McLean, Con- necticut ; New, Indiana; ' Page, Ver- mont; Poindexter, Washington; Suth- erland, West Virginia, and Townsend; Michigan. It will be observed that with the possible exceptions of Maryland and West Virginia all these senators whose terms expire. In this year are from states solidly Republican. The elec- tion of Republicans to at least 14 of the 'wets is therefore claimed with confidence. New Kind of Corner on the Wheat Crop P LANS for a gigantic combine to control the domestic and eiport business in • wheat, tentatively formu- lated by the committee of 17, appoint- ed by the national feria bureau's federation, at a recent meeting In Chicago, Will take the form of a co-operative association similar to the Citrus Fruit. Growers' association of California. Unofficially, the fed- eral trade commission has been ad- vising the committee of , 17 to organ- ize the new wheat trine. In broad outline. the plan is to form a huge combine in which the Individ- ual farmers, or their various organiza- tions, shall be the shareholders. The laws of California are said to be par- ticularly .favorable to such an organ- ization, and a committee has been sent there to study the situation. The wheat combine expects to be ready for business in time to handle the 1021 crop. The scheme is to contract with ' the farmers, individually or through their co-operative elevator companies, to purchase their entire output for five or seven years. It -is estimated that the new cotnbine can control 51 per cent of the wheat in the kat year, and- subsequently be able to contract for a larger percent- age each year as farmers find ,they can obtain better prices. . Objection was made at the Chicago conference , that such a monopoly might run eaunter to 'the federal anti- trust law. To overcome this objection the- suggestion was put forward that government -should be made an ex-ofil- do member of the co-operative atm- 'elation as the representative jot the consuming public. The proponents of that idea sug- gested that inasmuch as the federal trade commission is to a certain ex- tent the guardian of the cede Of busi- ness morals crested under the Clay- ton and the -trade . commission acts. the presence of its representatives on the hoard of directors- of the combine would be' \Insurance\ againit prose cution .by. the- Department of Justice under the anti-trust laws: Horsefly Jars Soko's Company s Oli0 soaked 'ern. When an Off -Sea- • son horsefly lit on the nose of Soto, eductited chimpanzee in the Washington zoo, bet -forgot his eight years' training in parlor manners and reverted to type. Sotto was enjoying a sumptuous Sun- day dinner when Qie horsefly in- truder!, whereepon Sok° heaved his water glass; knives and forks at his man waiter, and stunslied his .chair and table into kindling as a little fur- ther evidence of (lispleasure. When SOko arrived at his it - resent home -his keeper started in to bring him tip In a gentlemanly manlier. He was' carefully tutored in table' eth iuette and high-class deportment sten- Soko was an apt pupil. - It was scarcelf any time until he learned how to function it the dinner table. as gracefully. and nonchalantly as the reading Beau Brummel at. an afternoon tds. . Tucking his napkin In his shirt trout. be 'would intelligently goo at (V) Manners the menu and scrawl an _efnborn!e or. -der on n pad .of paper. The use of spoons, knives and forks seemed •sec• find allure with him. He could ring a bell for the waiter with - the same hntrieur as a blase movie idol, lint the conventionalities of civiliza- tion lately have \dispienbed the rest- less Soko, and after this misbehavior It has been decided to let him go; back to fillr . everr-ilay life. Sotto hits as Much 'strength as two husky blacksmiths, and therefore ft was tai effort to d) a little smashing FILMS SAVE TIME Put to Good Use by Department of Agriculture. Pictures of Educational Value May Be Borrowed From the Government at Little Expense. The motion picture is a time saver. Suppose u county agent is showing a group of farmers how to construct a wooden silo; with the motion -picture outfit he can show them In 15 'minutes 'what it would take him days te show by actual demonstration. Suppose a home -demonstration agent wishes to show a model kitchen in Massachn- mtts. to a group of farm women iii Nebraska. A trip from the Great Plains to the North Atlantic Is not necessary, The thing can be done in a few minutes with the motion -picture . projector and a reel of film's. The United States Department of Agriculture is using the motion pic- ture In a great many Ways. Films already made cover 112 agricultural. subjects. There are 460 reels, or more than 460,000 feet of film avail- able for distribution. All of this film is in circulation, most of it constantly. During the past 12 months more than 700,000 persons thaw one or more of these films. The films were In use, not only by the extension workers and other em- ployees of the department, but by state colleges of ; agriculture, farm bureaus, chambers of commerce, womens' clubs and various other organizations, as well as commercial motion -picture houses. Persons desiring to use any of these films can borrow them if they comply with some necessary regulations. Ap- plications can be made through the county agent, the - director of extension of state agricultural college, or any other officially co-operating agency. The borrower does not have to pay anything for the use of the films, ex- cept the cost of transportation. The whole matter 19 explained In detail In Department Circular 114, which has just been printed and copies of which may be had free. This cir- cular gives a list of all the motion -pic- ture reels, it explains in detail the borrowing process, It outlines the pro- cedure for those who would rather buy than borrow, it tells how to select a projector, and • sets forth the advan- tages of the various kinds. It dis- cusses lights and screens, and It gives definitions of words that motion -pic- ture users should know. \Bees\ Fooled Napoleon. Napoleon was not satisfied with the .fieur-delys, when he came to the throne of i'l•ance, as a royal emblem. He desired something more ancient, and In seeking It lie saw what was supposed to be a handful of gold bees. their wings encrusted with a red stone of no great value, but rich In its pure crimson. The \bees\ were scat- tered on a green cloth, -and Napoleon inquiring into their origin, was told they had been found in the . grave of Childeric when it was opened In 1653. This ,was ancient enough for the new emperor, and he ordered that they he adopted as. the imperial emblem forthwith. The, facts are, that what was held to be golden bees were in reality mere ornamentations, -scattered on the har- ness of horses, especially war horses, so that in parades they would glitter as much as their mailed masters. A few bearing what was thought to he wire legs were in reality those that retained the wire devices for fasten- ing them to the leather or trappings. They have since been known as \neur- ons.\ original \bees\ discovered in the tomb had been sent as a curi- osity to Louis XIV. , It Must Have Been.. 'The seventh -grade pupils were writ- ing 'descriptions of people, and one rather daring youngster wrote one about the principal of the buildihg. It started off: \Our principal has a cold -and steely eye.\ Very much amused, the teacher of that grade handed it to the principal, who in turn was even more amused. When she visited that room that af- ternoon she made mention of the de- scription. \It was quite good,\ she smiled at the little writer, \particular- ly that part about the steely eye.\ She had expected the children to laugh with her, but they remained quite sober. And then a tiny, under- sized, timid-looking little girl put up her hand. \Please Miss R ,\ she addressed the principal, \I think he could have written a better descrip- tion of yott if he hadn't had to slim his name to it.\ Springs a Leak. After gaining a reputation among fishermen and camping parties by many years of reliable behavior. Pa- inelin lake. In the mountains of west- ern Oregon, amidenly sprung a leak last mutnmer like a punctured basin, according to an article in Popular Me- chanice Magazine. Toward the end of time season the water surface had shrunk to a few acres. all the rest haviog drained ont through fissures In- the bottom, enlarged, apparently, hy some subterranean dIsturbatke. Explain This. 4 isp o p vs - \Yea my son.\ \'Doesn't 'eating satiefy the appe- tite?' \Oh yea; my boy.\ \Well why is It then the more s rasp oats lb. more appetite he Is said to haver Water Is Rival of Eledricity Wave Power Transmission Hailed as Newly Come Conqueror on Industrial Horizon. IS INVENTION OF AN ITALIAN New Method Is Coming into Practical Use—Piles Driven and Granite Drilled — Not Same as Hydraulic Power. New York.—Unheraided except among a narrow •circle of engineers and technicians in England ettli Italy, a new method of harnessing water, in- vented only a few years ago, is com- ing into practical use. We make the waves of the air work for us in a thousand ways, and through ages have striven to chain the tides to inachaf- ery, but wave power transmission Is bailed as a newly come conqueror on time industrial horizon. It is, says Marian Storm in the New York Post, by no means the same as hydratffic transmission of power in the sense now popularly used, and it propoSes, In certain fields, to rival electric trans- mission. Capt. L. G. Culleton, R. E., who Is at present in New York, and who Is a friend of the Italian inventor of the system, George Constantinesco, talked with enthusiasm of the service which he believes wave power transmission Is destined to render when the theory Is more commonly known, declaring it comprehensible to almost every one in days when little boys build their own airplanes and automobiles, although, of course, a description of.the method cannot be grven without son* technical terminology. The Principle. \The transmission of power through n pipe full of water Is the simplest thing imaginable—if anything, simpler than the transmission of electric cur- rent over a wire.'/ he said. \You won- der why it has never been prastically applied before, since theorists have dis- cussed it so much. • \The principle of the system differs fundamentally 'from the usual concert - Hon of the hydraulic transmisaion of power, where liquid is made to flow through the system. For in wave pow- er transmission the liquid does not flow, but eower is handed on from particle to Particle of the liquid, 'these vibrating about a ',titan positiOn and transferring the impulse received from one to another, until at lust kite power received at one end of the system has been delivered at the other end.\ So far it seemed quite understund. able. \These Impulses In the forum of waves,\ he went on, \travel through water at the rate of about 4,707 l'et•t it second. The Anachines are built to work at forty impulses or cycles a Hess ond-2,400 per minute.\ \What are some of those machines —what can they do?\ \Well wave power generators awl transmission piping are on the mar- ket now in England, and totes of n good ninny kinds are obtainable—rock drills, riveters, coal cutting dt•Ills, disc and chain type coal -cutting machines, impact screens,' concentrating tables, ec•en piledrivers.\ \Wave power transmission doesn't seem so very different from alternet- lug current .electrical transmission,\ some one reflected. Wave Transmission. '\I'here is a' similarity, and It's not coincidence.\ Capt. Culleton nnswered. \Many of the laws that govern wave and electrical transmission are inter- - changeable. , You'll be interested to know (lint in wave transmission there are the equivalents of what we call in electrical practice volts,' amperes, fre- quency, angle of phase, induction, (-o- pacity, resistance, condensers, trans- formers, •single-phase and poly -phase systems—\ s He was interrupted by the question whether anybody could conscript his private pond for service by aid of wave power machines. \Oh naturally, world-wide patents cover the storage of energy in liquids. Experimental work has been carried on in England since 1014, and early in the war the British government took GOLD STAR MOTHk4t This lien tulful statue, the Gold Star Mother, now stands in front of the building of the Chicago Historical so- ciety. over the entire experimental plant and made all the patents secret, but I un- derstand that considerable use wits made of the system in equipping allied battle planes. . He explained how, docile water must needs become in time grasp of this in- ventor: \As ' long as your 'pipe is strong enough to do the work, the power imparted to the particles at one end of the pipe line by the gen- erator can't help being delivered at the other 'end. \Do you think, then, that wave power will even chase electricity out of the field?\ \No certainly—but It can be used in cases where it is not desirable top use electric power, or in fields where electrically operated machines do net give the best results, as in mines. or 'In boiler shops and shipyards where direct vibratory machines are required. Compressed air at present has prac- tically a monopoly in these fields.\ Crewless British Torpedo Boat Picked Up in Channel The Erench trawler NN'tigrion recently arrived at Plymouth, England, with the British torpedo bont 0-76 in tow. The Wagram leol picked up the little war vessel while on her way to Boulogne. No trace could be found of the tor- pedo boat's crew, Strangers Seek Buried Treasure hidden a Century Ago by Coun- terfeiters on Shore of Lake in Maine. OLD EPISODE IS RECALLED Gang Worked in Secret for Many Years, but Refrained From Pass- ing Any of Their Product in the Neighborhood. Bangor, Me.—The fact thht a for- tune Iles buried in the dense forest sotnewhere along the shores of Money- maker lake, between Robbinston and Red Beach, well-nigh forgotten by the few residents of that section who ever knew it, has again been brought to mind. ' 21_1tobbltiRton farmer Ind, having st\riyersome distance from home In search of trout brooks, which might furnish better sport than those nearer the settlements, came upon two men digging under some giant spruce trees near the shores of Moneymaker lake. The men did not observe him at first and he watched them while they toiled in two or three spots. Lnter, when he accosted them, they told him they were digging for worms for bait. As they had no fishing tackle with them, and as Moneymaker lake has no ilah worth catching, the boy thought this explanation somewhat remarkable. When he reached home he told of his adventure, and at first none could account' for the presence of strang- ers or f4 their actions until one of the older residents of the town de- clared hie belief that the two unknown men were seeking the buried treasure which has lain in secret for almost a century and has defied the efforts of treasure seekers for years. Long ago many men labored dili- gently along the shores of the lake. but the search was ahnteloned, and until this week no one had been known to have hunted for the treasure for a gnat -ter of n century. Moneymaker lake is surrounded by a heavy forest growth end Is in somewhat inaccessible place id north- ern Washington (-Minty. It derived its name from a gang of counterfeiters who, early in the nineteenth century, dwelt in a cabin on the shore of the lake and pursued their unlawful em- ployment of making money, chiefly imitations of silver coin. Later their names were' ,known to be Bali, Smith and Blaisdell. Here they lived for many yenta. In secrecy until one day, almost a century ago, a Robbinston farmer, looking for some cattle which Mid strayed from his pas- ture, came upon their cabin unawares and discovered the nature of their em- ployment. He was seized by time three lawbreakers and carried into their cab- in. Ball, the lender of time gang, was In - favor of killing the visitor to make sure that there would be no evidence against them. If Smith had riot strongly objected Ball would probably have killed the farmer, but Smith was determined that the crime of murder hotmhtI not he 'his, and a compromise wns ef- fected. The farmer was obliged to swear by the\ - moat binding Oath that he would not reveal his discovery, and was then permitted to go. The frusner, after his return home, hesitated between hint fear of the cowl- terfeltera and his sense of duty for is day or two, and then 'told the town, authorities what had befallen him and what he had discovered. Deputy Sher- iff Downes started for the forest at once, along the route described by the farmer. Before reaching the , cabin of the counterfeltera, the officer came upon, Ball, who was doing sentry duty. Deputy Downes. courageous man, advanced upon Boll. The latter fired, bringing down the officer at the first shot. Other officers infer captured Ball, but' 8111411.1mnd Blaisdell escaped nail have never been heard from since. Bell was tried, convicted of murder and was executed. Before his death try hanging the counterfeiter said that a large sum of money had been hidden bx, •hinv at the foot of a .tree near his cabin, but he defied any one to find it, and refused to tell its- exact whereabouts. He said most of the money wax in genuinb silver coin, the spurious mon- ey having been distributed elsewhere. As soon as the story became known, 'and for many years otter, hundreds, tried vilely to and the hidden host* •41 Al I 4' 4 0 a•