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' S I . NA. eat 00, WICKES PIONEER. \Free Coinage of Gold and Silver at the Ratio of 16 to 1.\ VOL. I. _ WICKES, MONTANA, SATURDA • AUGUST 24,1895. NO. 3 8 THE Wickes Hotel, Wickes, Montana. We have recently secured control of this house and have fitted it up with new fur- niture from top to bottom. , CLEAN ROOMS, NEW BEDDING, Table Surpassed By None. The only place between Helena and Butte where a first class meal can be had for b0c. RATES: $1.50 Per Day. Special terms made to those desiring reg- ular board. THE Wickes Hotel. Wickes, Montana. MONEY OF THE MANY. GOLD -STANDARD SUPPORTERS ARE FEW. How Laws Have Depreciated Silver— The Enemies of That Metal and Their Way of Controlling Coinage Through Government Officials. (W. H. Linn in Chicago Record.) Shall we abandon silver and adopt a single gold standard for the benefit of the few who do business with and are In direct correspondence with England, or shall we have gold and silver at rates fixed by congress, constituting the legal standard of value in this coun- try, and in which the interests of the whole people are considered? I can readily understand why any creditor nation wants to and can main- tain a single gold standard. But the United States is not a creditor nation, and except in finance does not care whether its policies are pleasing to England or not. Indeed, they are often Shaped purposely to be in opposition to England. It is a little strange that the greater number of those who now favor a monetary system that will con- form to that of England are men who for the last thirty years have been striving to destroy all commercial rela- tions with England except when we were the sellers and the English were the buyers. We always have had, and always will have, a disturbing element in this country to interfere with its prosperity. It is the result of insatia- ble greed. The so-called industrial states, through their representatives, have fastened their fangs in the agricultural states and have been sucking their life- blood. They have not only shaped the revenue policy of the government in their interests, but the financial policy as well, and as a result they have pos- sessed themselves ci,f nearly all the money wealth of the country. If our revenue and financial laws are Just and equitable, how is it that nearly all the money earned has found its way into the hands of the non -producers? There has been a great wrong here, and now the question arises: Shall we submit to this dictation any longer? Shall we assist in perpetuating their power, or shall we think and act for ourselves? Wall street — the bankers, brokers, money -lenders and speculators, who have placed themselves in line for a single gold standard—has found in our late presidents willing advocates of its schemes. This was no doubt under- stood when, by insidious methods, sil- ver was stricken down in 1873. It was understood when Wall street sounded • the alarm of a panic. While Mr. Cleve- land was tieing the patronage of the government and bullying congressmen into the support of the repeal of the Sherman act, the bankers were calling in loans and getting up petitions to congress in the line of their interest until the panic got beyond control, and they were doomed to suffer with the rest, all this to secure legislation that was to at once restore confidence! Dur- ing the first nine months of 1893 Brad- street gives the liabilities from failures at $274,745,496, against $26,161,414 dur- ing the same period le 1892. Wall street spread its nets so wide that many bank- ers got tangled in the meshes so that they had 300 failures, with liabilities of $155,256.729. against seventeen fail- ures, with liabilities of $6,501,809, for the same le•riod lei 1892. Old Mr. Cleve- land and his adherents on this question believe that they could close up the mines in a dozen states and territories that were producing precious metals, giving employment to thousands of men and giving a market for all kinds of merchandise and farm produets. with- out .paralyzing every other freinstry in the land? Were they fools or selfish knaves? There is still a dearth of busi- ness. The people ars still waiting! They are waiting for something! They are waiting for the prosperity promised by the president and his adherents that was to follow the unconditional repeal of the Shermarf act. I am anxious to see this country re- stored to its normal condition. Hence I TM In favor of the restoration of sil- ver I will be satisfied with the free- coinage plank of the democratic plat- form of 1892 with an fieriest man upon it who will construe and execute it as was intended. If this plank means nothing, thrn Mr. Cleveland helped to perpetrate a fraud upon th'6 people. If it means what is on its face he Was u.ittree to himself mitt gale(' to his party. Had his present policy been outlined before the election he would not now he president. The \robber tariff\ WAS the major Pomp of the campaign. but it was much subordinate to a mere In- cident of the canvass, apd congress was called In extra session for the sole pur- pose of further degrading sliver as a money metal. No device of king or clown has been left untried to destroy Its value as money. Mr. Cleveland has characterized it as cheap money, dis- honest money, unsound money, till It looks as If he had exhatiated his vo- celeilery to find means to turn It black nrid greasy. Sliver was not cheap when it required 92.85 in paper money of this great gevernment to bey one silver dol- lar it was not cheap when It Was de- monetized in 1873. a heti It wn$1 at a premium of 3 per ',lit over gobt In London 7! Gold as sill as siker con be degraded by legislation. Silver main- tained Its equality with gold from 1794 until 1873, when the hands of the as sassin were laid upon it. Now, whIlt it Is held down by law its enemies Pei and mock and call it \unsound money,' \cheap money\ and \dishonest money? Who wants dishonest money? NO one. Free coinage men do not. \We hold to the use of both gold and alivei as the standard money of the country, and to the coinage of both gold and silver without discriminating against either metal.\ Is there anything dis honest in this? It is proclaimed by those who fay°, a single gold standard that the frei coinage of silver is in the special in terest of the mine -owners. Are not tin people interested in the coal mines o: Illinois as well as the owners, and II we should have legislation against tin use of coal would not the people rite in indignation? Are not the people then, interested in the development a silver mines as well as the owners? I have heard men with a virtuous swag• ger declare that they did not want ,dollar with 50 cents' worth of silver 11 it. Then restore its value by legisla tion, as it was by legislation that tht intrinsic value of the silver in the dol. tar was reduced. When the facts are considered there is nothing very difficult to understand in the silver question, but it requires a great deal of misrepresentation on the part of the so-called \honest -money\ men to confuse and mislead the \un- wary.\ They have forced to the front much talent, for by their . Teens they can command \talent.\ It is a wonder- ful aggregation of genius. Wall street stock brokers, money -lenders, pre- tended political economists, federal office -holders and those yet hoping to hold office under the present adminis- tration—the whole pack in full cry against the money of the people. Here let me suggest_ that, considering the intuition and kftawledge of men dis- played by Mr. Clevedand, it is some- thing remarkable that he should have chosen only gold men for the offices when this issue of gold against gold and silver had not yet been promi- nent. The honesty 'of their belief is almost equal to that of Senator Palmer, who in 1892 advised the \101\ to intro- duce and vote for a free coinage of sil- ver 16 to 1 resolution in the legislature, which, by the help of Cockerill, made him senator. He is now reading the honest members of the \101\ out of his party. Will be retain Cockerill? Prof. Lawrence Laughlin addressed himself to the Bankers' association of Chicago in a manner that must have led some to suppose that what he said had the stamp of deity lipot4 t .. It. Ile said: \To suppose that the coinage of silver would make the country richer is to suppose that the more bridges we build the more corn and pork we shall have.\ He also said: \It is an insult to the Intelligent people of our land to believe that they can accept and main- tain a doctrine that more money creates more goods.\ Labor is wealth. But the laborer is obliged to have food and clothing. There are millions of acres of wealth -producing uncultivated lands and thousands of honest toilers \who are ready to put their hands to the plow.\ As they have no money to se- cure \cheeks drafts or bills of ex- change,\ if Prof. Laughlin will furnish the money we will show him how \more money creates more goods\ and \more wealth.\ It is an old and homely saying, and yet true, Vt \money makes the mare go.\ The common people must not be mis- led by men with high-sounding titles. Their theories, like their conclusions, are often based upon false premises, and lead to startling statements which have no support either in reason or in common sense. On this financial question their point of view embraces the few instead of the masses, which is not just, patriotic or wise. They do not fully define their position on the queetion. They declare for \sound money\ without explaining what they mean by \sound money,\ while they at heart are gold monometallists and favor an increased circulation of cur- rency based on our debts. Those who have their country's and their own good at heart must use their own good sense and the knowledge they hese gained from experience in determining which is better for the people at large --gold monometallism or gold and sil- ver bimetalliste, with or without inter. national agreement. Dead Flab b• the Thonsand• The recent rains washed so much Chicago sewage into the Illinois River that thousands on thousands of fish have died. So many lodged against a swing pontoon bridge at Lacon that it was opened with the greatest difficub ty. — — A Hare Chance. rerhapy. Baughter Here's a queer advertise- ment in the Trumpet: \A well cul- hired baby for adoption.\ Don't you think that, means well nurtured? Mother I don't know. Perhaps its a Boston baby_ In Style. Mrs. Ebony le you gwine to Mrs. Dark rs 's s to n - r ni ri ‘a rro ‘ w_? Mrs t gwine on at Mrs. Dark rO. \7 M Ebony She Is gwine to give a blace tea. FATAL HAND PRINTS. THEY ARE UNERRING IN ESTAB- LISHING IDENTITY. Criminal. Readily Exposed Some Inter- esting DedoctIonpi and Law. lpy the ticlentlat Ilas Re11111,11 1111 tlyotem to One of Value. II E INTRODUC- tion into the Henry case of the relatian of finger and hand prints to crime at- distcted general pub- lic attention, and also aroused the in- terest of the Brook- lyn authorities en- gaged in investigat- ing the case, says the New York Recorder. The interview with Mark Twain published in The Re- corder on Monday, and the conclusions reached by (7heiro, the palmist, served only to heighten this interest. Francis Galton, F. R. S., an Oxford and Cam- bridge man, long known for his writ- ings on heredity, and, later on, this subject of the impressions of finger- marks, has written a number of works on this subject. Gaiton has got so far as to publish in the present year a scheme for classifying persons through their finger -prints, and so supplying an absolute directory of names discover- able only by this means. By this ap - plication of his ingenious theory Prof. Galton provides a list as perfect as a city directory, so far as it goes, to fa- cilitate the identification --more par- ticularly of criminals; and of pen- sioners, whose pensions may otherwise be drawn by designing persons. So far has this distinguished scientist suc- ceeded in his undertaking that in one directory of 2,632 different persons he had no difficulty in finding the one sought for by the finger -print in less than three minutes. Prof. Galton alleges that it is prob- able that no two finger -prints are '2 o alike that an expert would fail to dis- tinguish between them. On this basis he is at present obtain- ing the assistance of the Scotland Yard detective authorities in London for the gradual formation of many hundred separate finger -print directions in the forra.of classified cards or papers. Ertel' card refers to a separate e adult male prisoner, and contains as a part of the means of his future identification tile finger -prints under consideration. Now, it will be found by any one on exam- ining the fingers of different persons, that these differ in it marked manner in the different instances. It Is best to take the forefinger and thumb for this simple experiment. These will be found to furnish varieties In the matter of the curves which make the finger-prints, HOMO being arched, some angular at the center, others in whorls, or almost concentric circles, others, again, with a termination in, a well-defined line. It is found that 243 receptacles will contain the finger -prints of 121,500 pris- oners, each receptacle carrying an aver- age of 500 cards, all of which are clas- sified and treated so as to form a sepa- rate finger -print directory as to each receptacle. It has been found neces- sary to have a separate classification for adult female prisoners and for those of eithcr sex who have not ceased grow- ing. Not only is this work being carried on in England under the Galton sys- tem. and In France trough the efforts of M. Bertillon, but in India—especially in Bengal - it is being applied to the purpose of discovering old offenders, very much like the \Rogues' Gallery\ in the Central Police Office in New York. It is being applied to checking fraudulent re -enlistments In the British army and for identifying pensioners, as has been alreadysstated. In sixty- three Epgliah . prisons there are now being taken finger -prints by trained wardens, which are forwarded to the central bureau in London for classifi- cation by experts So far has this won- derful plan for identification been car- ried Strew?) . without Its Very existence being known until made public in the columns of The Recorder. I'rof. Halton states that there are no very serious difficulties In the way of classifying the peculiarities of differ- ent finger prints, asserting that it is rare to find \a pattern whoee peculiari- ties are not due to a few easily recog- nizable characteristics, occurring sing- ly or In combinations of two or three.\ In 1894 the Secretary of State for the Home Department in the British Cab- inet appointed a committee to Inquire into the best means available for Iden- tifying habitual criminals. The report of this commit' e furnished a very full account of the method adopted by Prof. Galton In his finger-tip scheme. Ac- cording to the evidence furnished to the eommit tee. Prof. Gallon worked from meteriala derived by taking im- pressionit in printers' Ink on cardboard from the Millie Immediately helow the tips of t he fingers and thumbs. After- ward these imprints were examined throligh a lens or microscope, or en - lanced to any Ma* by means of photog- raphy. It , 44.4 , 4 found In experiments that the patina aufl ridges exposed re - tattled their peculiarities through life. and that t hose peculiarities were suffi- ciently marked, though in an indefinite variety of forms, to be distinguishable always after having been once taken by the methods employed. Prof. Gal - ton reaches the oncluition that the chances of two finger -prints being iden- tical, where these are of different per - eons, are as one in sixty-four thousand million, which is, to say the least. suf- ficiently remote for all practical ?pur- poses. Prof. Galton arranged his sys- tem of classification on three forms of pattern, viz., \arches \loops\ and \whorl Any Any one who tests the sub- ject by observation will have no diffi- culty In discerning the difference be- tween these patterns. Whether the similarity of pattern in different In- dividuals has anything to do with char- acter remains to be discovered— . by ('helm, perhaps. There are certain general styles of marking that occur in many individu- als, nearly in the same degree and in considerable likeness, but there appears to be no difficulty in classification aris- ing from this fact. What is most re- markable in regard to these finger -pat- terns is the fact that even ulcers and cuts cannot destroy them beyond iden- tification, while they are restored with eexactness even after serious burns. The objection is raised that they might be removed by some manual labor, but as \habitual criminals,\ or any criminals for that matter, are not noted for severe manual labor, this objection is not found to hold good. At the great Pen- tonville Prison in England a warden with 110 previous practice whatever took In an hour thirty-five sets of im- pressions of three fingers, each In duplicate, every one of which was easily decipherable. A THOROUGHLY MEAN MAN. Ile Worked the Restaurant Walter So as L] to Economize on Ills WIfe's Appetite. The champion mean man paid San Francisco a visit yesterday, says the Post. He was a big, long-legged, raw- boned fellow, with a nose like the blade of a hatchet. His eyes, like little black beads, were set within half an inch of each other and glistened and gleamed at everybody and everything at once. He clutched the arm of a sad -faced woman with a long, bony hand and clawed at his whiskers with the other as he ordered the waiter in a Market street restaurant to give him a cup of coffee. The waiter brought It with some bread and butter and laid down a check for 10 cents. \Would you give me an extra pitcher of cream?\ asked the mean man. The waiter brought R. \Yes by the way, give me a cup of hot water, will you, please?\ The waiter brought it and watched the Mean man cuhously. Ile poured the cream Into the hot water, put a lit- tle sugar in it, shoved it at his wife and flung one slice ofvhread without butter in her direction. The little woman ate it hungrily and the waiter added 5 cents to the mean man's check. The row was heard Oree blocks up Market street. lie deciaNi he was be- ing robbed because he vvidie,,from the country, hut he finally pa' tti when threatened with arrest. MARRIED IN A MINUTE. k Time In Noptlal Knot -Tying Down In tIr g Inla. A record time for quick marriage was made in the nuptials of Kennedy Tut- wiler and Miss Mary A. Rubuith, a 19 - year -old groom and a 16 -summers' bride, at Staunton, Va., last Monday. The couple went to town to get a license and get married, but were unable to find a preacher, and as evening Was coming on they started disconsolately back for the home of the prospective bride. They had boarded the cars, and in walking through saw the Rev. John Donovan They hurriedly explained their plight, and just as the conductor WAR giving the signal to start the train the clergyman started in to perform tho marriage ceremony. lie got through just forty sedillIkliti by the conductor's watch, and the happy pair jumped off the cars as the train started and went lo their new home rejoicing. Capped the ( . 11M111. An exchange tells that a good story was heard the other day of a father and mother who were trying to find names for their twin babies, who, by the way, were girls. It was decided that the father must name them. After casting about and finding no names that ex- actly suited him he determined to end the strain on his mind and named them Kate and Duplicate. In the course of time another pair of twins came and they were boys. This was the hue - band's opportunity to get even, and he wanted hie wife to chlrsten the boys. Imagine his feelings when the mother one day fold him she had named them vete end ii•Teat. Pot when the third pair canie the father grew friWI;erted and named them Mai and Climax. , Not a Reporter. In ft recent magazine article the All- thor tries to explain sin)' lightning never strikes twice in the same Disler, but he fails to note the fact that the fluid gets in Its work so effectually that there Is no reason to try it again. THEIR OWN EXECUTIONERS. Plow Indians of the Far North luring Wolves to the mistletoe. The Northern Indians, particularly in the Hudson Bay region and the Eski- mos, possess a fiendish ingenuity in their method of capturing game, and their way of applying it for killing wolves is horrible. 'They take a flat piece of flint a foot or so long and chipped to extreme sharpness at the edge.. This they fasten to a wooden stake, which they drive into the ground firmly, so as to leave the blade of flint projecting above the surface. Then they cover the blade all over with a good-sized piece of fat from a seal of other such animal, which quickly freezes. Now the wolf -catching appar- atus is complete, so that the person who sets the trap has only to come back in a day or two and gather his prey without trouble. The wolf has an insatiable appetite for blood, a nd It is of this weakness that the hunter takes advantage. A little while after the trap described is set along comes the wolf. He is hungry, and licks the pieces of fat, and as it is thawed by the warmth of his tongue it tastes better and bet- ter. Presently his tongue comes In contact with the sharp edges of the flint and is cut. He tastes the blood not knowini that it is his own, and the flavor drives him wild. Eagerly he licks and licks it lacerating his mouth, and becoming more frenzied In mouth, and becoming more frenzied In his desire for his own life fluid. Meanwhile Other wolves have come up and have begun to lick at the fat, cutting their own tongues and becom- ing in their turn wild at the taste. So presently ethe bait is surrounded by a pack . of ravenous and crazy creatures, which soon turn upon one another and fall to devouring each other, until the merciless flnt is the center of a strug- gling mass of ferocious combatants fighting for very life. It is like the struggle that followed the planting of the dragon's teeth of old, only that none of those who participate live long after the fight is over, the last survivor bleeding to death. At his leisure the hunter appears on the scene and skins the dead beasts for market. The skins cost him nothing save the trouble of removing them, and the value of the hunk of fat; the stake with the flint blade is ready to be set again for other victims. SWIM AND HOLD TO A ROPE. _ A New Way for (letting Chinese Over It,, 1.11110. The wily Chinese have lately been adopting new tactics for gaining at - mission into the United States from Canada. In the neighborhood of Iro- quois, Ont . on the Canadian aide, and Hogansburg. N. Y., a new method for smuggling Chinese is in vogue. The plan is a clever one. A long rope has been stretched areas the Si. Lawrence, which is narrow at this point, and firm- ly secured to large stake on either side of the river, on this, and aided by darkness, the celestial manages to cross the lines by swimming and holding on to the rope. The method is not as dangerous as it appears; In fact, it is quite easy to deport the Chinese across the lines without much risk to anyone but the unhappy traveler himself, per- haps, and the expense is trivial, while those who manipulate the trick get all the way from $75 to $150 for every Chinese smuggled by them. There are reports that these lines are in use In several places. Three minor arrests have already been made. soadian 1.eglalatIon. The Canadian Parliament' has voteu down the hill to give Parliamentary suffrage to women, and also to raise the age of protection for girls to lie The member who introduced the bill to raise the age of protection Voted for the suffrage bill, and every member who spoke in opposition to raising the age of protection vcited against wrunan suffrage. Another mediaeval decision against the rights of woman has just been given at Berlin. An antiquated law still exists which prohibits weman scholars and, apprentices from joining a political society. A few women set- cently formed in Berlin a woman suit frage committee, having for its object to obtain for women equal politicat rights with men. The leaders of this movement were arraigned by the Wi- lk prosecutor, and the magistrate be- fore whom they were brought fined them all, and ordered•the society to be diesolved. Woman's Journal. flout Him•ell a Wooden IllIke. An employe Si . the Kentneky Wagon Worke, Loideville. who it somewhat of an artist in his line, has gone all the builders of novelty bicycles one better, and has constructed a wheel entirely of wood. The frame is of bent hickory. and the wheels, axles. etc are of wood,.. but It is a flyer, and few w‘heeltnen of high grade wheels are able to pass It on the street The machine, as It comes tearing down the granite streets. bearing Its owner to and from hie work. rattles like a road wagon. atlfacting conelderable attention. mei cresting a great deal of amusement. hut the rider gets there just the Rattle Il nun acre his purpose and 9:IVes car fare