The Wickes Pioneer (Wickes, Mont.) 1895-1896, October 05, 1895, Image 6

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A KANSAS ROMANCE. 'HE FARMER'S EUREKA DITCH KNOCKED DOWN.\ While the \Eureka Ditch\ has re- sulted BO disastrously, it is not gen- erally believed that its originator lost an thing by reason of it. Ile succeeded in selling large blocks of stock in the company at big prices, and then secured 1 he l'nr. has. rs' On'y 1610,000 f or 81.,000,000 from English_ capitalists It ( oat a Milli... Sad Story of a from the sale of first mortgage bonds. ((Mayor.' Irrigation Schell.' In Arita!, With the failure of the ditch Mr. Soule sae %alley. abandoned Kansas and sold his bitters business in Rochester, from which he realized $500 Ode He has since died, EBRASKA Farmer says: The remains the famous Eureka ditch in Kansas, which cost the in- vestors an even million, was sold under the hammer a few days ago for $10,000. The ditch was projected by the Arkansas Valley Ir- rigation company several years ago. It was to be 100 miles long, extending from Ingalls, in Gray county, through Ford, Hodgson and Edwards counties, to the town Of Kinsley. This gigantic scheme to reclaim a vast area of arid lands and make it one of the richest agricultural districts on the continent, relates a correspondent of the St. Louis Republic, was the con- ception of J. C. Soule, a wealthy bit- ters manufacturer of Rochester, N. Y. He had accumulated a large fortune In the bittern business, and in the early '80's went to western Kansas to find an investment for his surplus capital. He became an enthusiast on the sub- ject of irrigation and made arrange- ments for utilizing the water of the Arkansas river to make the dry and worthless lands through w'hich it coursed valuable for farming purposes. After extensive surveys Mr. Soule decided on starting his enterprise in Gray county. Selecting an advan- tageous point on the banks of the Ar- kansas river for beginning his great irrigation ditch, he laid off a townsite and started a city, which', in his opin- ion, was destined to become the me- .ropolis of the plains. He christened it Ingalls, after the then senator from Kansas. Gray county at that time was an unorganized prairie waste. but Soule caused the legislature to have it regu- larly organized, bringing to Topeka a powerful lobby. This had not been accomplished be- fore a syndicate of speculators was formed to profit from the enterprise of the bitters man, and a rival town called Cimarron was started. - Upon the organization cif the county, Ingalls and Cimarron became rivals for the county seat. A county seat election was held, which was typical of western Kansas. The two towns were about equal in population, and each exerted every effort to secure voters. Soule spared no expense in rounding up cow- boys and floaters of all kinds to cast their ballots for Ingalls. Large sums of money were expended in this way by both towns, but the bank account of Soule was the larger and Ingalls carried the day. The county seat question having been settled to the satisfaction of the promoter of the ditch, work on the canal was begun and pushed forward as rapidly as men and money could do It. The first excavation was com- menced near Ingalls, and it was on such a grand scale that it amounted simply to changing the course of the river. At that point the river had a fall of eight feet to the mile. The fall of the ditch was but two feet to the re:le. so that a gain of six feet was made in every mile of ditch dug. In twenty miles the canal had reached a point in the hills 120 feet above the river bed, and ten miles further east it bad reached the divide and proceeded eastward on Its course, carrying life to the parched lands, which at once yielded to its Influence and were transformed from a sterling waste to an area of wondrous fertility. No expense was spared in the con- struction of the great canal. At points on its line immense reservoirs were eonstrlicted to hold the surplus water, and at frequent intervals, large em- bankments and solid walls of masonry were 'Suitt to carry the water over ob- structing ravines. No enterprise that Waft ever put under way in the west had brighter prospects than this \Eureka Ditch,\ as Mr. Soule delighted in calling R. Me towns were laid out along its course and water works and electric light and power companies were or- ganized without number, all of which were to depend upon the ditch for necessary power. The counefy which It traversed gave promise of soon be- coming a new Eldorado. The popula- tion rapidly increased and a boom was Inaugurated which has never before or since had its equal in the west. About this time the people of Colo- rado began to investigate the subject or irrigation, and they, too, tapped the Arkansas river, the great artery through which the melting snows of the Rockies were being carried on their way to the Gulf. Ditch after ditch was e‘frt through Colorado soil, and in a Abort time the supply of the Arkansas river was exhausted before 'the Kansas line was reached. AA a re- sult the \Eureka Ditch\ went dry, the land near its banks in Kansan re- turned to Its original arid condition, Ingalls. Cimarron and other towns brought into existence by Mr. Rollie'. enterprise lost their population, and the \Efireka Ditch\ filled up with sand. Mr. Rollie also built a railroad forty miles long in the desert, extending from Dodge City to Montezuma. The only evidence that It ever existed is the two eteeeita of rust across the cheerless prelrie Soule started the town of SpearvIlle and made it his headquarters. lie organized a bank In e.erv town that was built along his Irrigation ditch. Three Miles north Of I/edge City he built a college, which cost him $75.000 It was never occu- pied anti stands there today, deserted. the home of hats and owls. . • 'and Kansas receives an occasional visit from his son. Wilson Soule, who has inherited his father's few remain- ing possessions in the Arkansas valley. The bondholders, it is claimed, pro- pose to fully investigate the underflow theory. It is believed that a large volume of water flows oceanward be- neath the surface, and that it can be tapped and brought into the bed of the big ditch. Should it be demon- etrated that this theory is practical the roseate visions of the elder Soule may yet be realized by his successors. NOT A DUDE'S BADGE. Cane No Longer the Special Privilege of the Fop or Dandy. \You know,\ said a discerning gen- tleman to an Atlanta Constitution re- porter, \it used to be said that a man who carries a cane every day was an idler, a dawdler—worthless for all practical purposes.. If ypu'll let me see how a fellow handles a cane, I'll tell you whether be is worthlees or not. It's not in the fact of carrying a cane, but how it is carried that the sig- nificance . lies. When a man comes into my office with a cane in his band I watch him closely. If he sits and twirls it idly and aimlessly about on his fingers, he is a worthless idler. But if he walks in, puts it up against the wall and proceeds to businessethere is something in him. You may hope for him. If he holds it firmly while he is talking to you and does not twirl it about, he's all right. The fellow who plays with his cane, swings it around, marks figures on the carpet with it. punches the furniture with the tip, isn't fit for much else. Yea, a decent, hard- working fellow can carry a cane all the time, and they do so, many of them, and the act does not indicate that they are idlers. But the fellow who goes around swinging his cane and playing withjejet a nuisance anywhere you put him.\ His Palmy Days Are Gone. The juggling fakir, having been driv- en from more lucrative schemes, has been reduced to a very common level. One of the class who was recognized as having worn diamonds five years ago, and who was known as one of the rpost skillful shell -workers in the country, was the center of an eager group of boys in the rear of a big store at dinner hour Saturday. He was seedy and run down, and a wreck of his former days, indicating that the shell swindle is too well-known nowadays to be successful- ly worked. He had a basket in front of him, containing a number of entail paper bags. In one hand he held a pretty gold ring, and this he pretended to put into one of the bags. Then he shook the pile up. \Pick it out for a cent, boys!\ he cried many times. \It's in that one,\ cried one. \There it is,\ shouted another; and so the boys vigorously guessed, but they didn't pro- duce the pennies. When the observer left the decayed thimble -rigger was still monotonously and despairingly calling out: \Pick it out for a cent, boys! There's no deception, and the lucky boy gets a gold ring worth $50. Pick it out for a cent!\—Philadelphia Call. OUT OF THE ORDINARY. Of the 68,000 postoffices in the United States, only about one thousand are self-supporting. The Pueblo Indians are a moral rpce. They have resisted all attempts of traders to introduce whisky and play- ing cards in their midst. About 12,000 acres of grain in Lane county, Kan e have been Insured against flee, flood and tornado. This is a new kink in agriculture. Feather beds were employed by the better classes in England during the days of Henry VIII, though they were considered luxuries and were expen- sive. In 1890 the horses of the United Stites were valued at $978,000,000. In 1895. though the number has increased over 1,000.000, the value was only $576,- 720.580. In the medical department of the University of Michigan the two stu- dents who stood highest were Melyil Shie and Ida Khan, girls from Klu- Mang, China. The Sault Ste. Marie canal, between Lakes Huron and Michigan, now car- ries 20,000,000 tons a year, or twice the weight that passes through the Suez canal annually. With a population of 3,725,000, Scot- land has 6,500 university students, while with a population about six times as great England has only 6,000 uni- versity students. A match -cutting machine is quite an automat* curiosity. It cuts 10,000,000 sticks a day, and then arranges them over a vat, where the heads are put on at a surprising rate of speed. \Familiarity breed A contempt\ Is a proverb found in one form or another in every European or Asiatic language having a literature. It. esrliest fbrm is believed to he in the Sanskrit. The first regular peal of bells hung in England was that sent by Pope Calixtus Ill RA a present to King's col- lege, Cambridge. in 1456 ' For three centuries it ass the largest peal in the country. A strange freak of nature occurred at Bridgeton. N. J., on Tuesday, when the cat belonging to Mr. A. E. Robinson gave birth to a litter of five kittens all closely joined together. They all ap- pear to be healthy HARD NUT TO CRACK. The ret ; ullar 54111 That Puarlett the l'entnayl•Nnin COUrt• One of the most peculiar wills ever upheld by a court was that of Samuel Eddinger, of Moore township, Pennsyl- vania. It has twice been construed by the Supreme court of Pennsylvania, which has now held that it conveys clearly the intentions of the testator, Mr. Eddinger was a man of advanced Age, and died a few weeks after he made the will. His property was valued at only $5,000, and a large part of that amount must have already been ex- pended in upholding the will. The be- ginning of the document is apparently copied from a printed form, and the rest of it, entirely without punctuation, is In Mr. Eddinger's handwriting. The Supreme court says that the purpose of the will is to give $1,000 to the son, then a life annuity of $125 to his daughter and to devise the whole of his real estate to his son. As the personal es- tate amounted to only $400 the court directed that the annuity be paid from the real estate. The words written by the testator as his last will and testa- ment are: \that is to say my Disire my son John he Shall have one thousand Dollars in Advance before any of the heirs shall have any money from my estate personal prop- erty first my Son John shall setle up all my Depts funeral Ex- pense &c till all is paid my Son John he Shall Setle my personal proper- ty as soon as it is possible he shall pay of the money from my personal goods the half of the money to my daughter Magnet and what is left from the Balence after the Thousand Dollars be t0 0 0kt of for hims Son John Shall pair my for Daughter Margret on Anualiy Dowery one a Huudred and twenty -dive Dol- jars for her Natural Life time or as Long She will ',Iv in this World and my Son John he shall have all my Real Estate for his own property as soon as my Daughter is Deased my Son John shall not pay any longer not to her heirs and to no no body it be stopped.\ Dowery Interest STUDYING TO PLEASE HIM. He Was a Finicky Customer. Hot the Walter Was Anxious to Sat sty Mtn. A man afflicted with the disease of finicki:un, an exaggeration of the value of dela:ls, was giving his order for breakfast to a hotel waiter. The man was finical in the extreme, and the ex- actitude of his order respectfully amused the waiter, who was somewhat of a judge of human nature, inasmuch as he had served breakfast to many men, says Kansas City Star. Breakfast time is invariably when you get down to the bedrock of a man's true disposi- tion. It is too early in the day, and he is too close to nature itself to have put on the little frills that he begins to as- sume along about 11 o'clock. At all events, the waiter understood and took his order respectfully, even servilely, without losing his own estimate of the man. The man had a morning cough and sipped ice water as he gave his order. \Bring me a pot of coffee,\ he said. \And mind, it must be hot—hot and strong—don't forget to have it strong. And a sirloin steak, rare; remember, have it rare and no fat. I can't bear the sight of fat in the morning.\ \Yessir yeesir. No fat,\ replied the waiter. \And bring me some dry toast, hot, mind you; hot toast, and have it made from stale bread. I don't want it toasted outside and soggy within. Now, don't forget that.\ \No sir; all right she not soggy in. side sir,\ echoed the waiter. \And some sliced tomatoes,\ contin- ued the man. \And take the chopped ice off the tomatoes and drain them,. I want ttiem dry, do you understand, dry. kow, don't forget that.\ \All right, sir. Tomatoes must be dry.\ \And let's see! Yes, bring Me some tried eggs. Fresh eggs, you know, per- fectly fresh. And I want them fried on one side only. Don•yorget that.\ \Yessfr; fried on one side. And which side, sir?\ Victoria Iles • Ir,l. PhOtOgillirlIV is one of the favorite amusements of the royal remits queen Victoria has a fad for photographs awl possesses a large collection of photo graphs of eminent personages. Some o them date back to the time when Daguerre first made Ids discovery, and many of these ancient pictures are SO indistinct as to look `almost like badly developed spirit photographs. All of the varlet] gradations In such pictures are exhibited, down to the very latest improvements. The Queen is very fond of looking at her collection. Codey's Magazine. Now Consumptions Cure. Medical authorities In Europe ars dis- cussing A new serum for the lire of consumption, for whit h. AA usual, great Claims are Made So far the records of its use show at least that it deserves a trial. It I. related that in eighty three cage, great Imprmement took place If ewes were nut Made That is quite a, mu , it tie «add reas - ttnably be expecte , ' of any rernt.dy. DAIRY AND POULTRY INTERESTING CHAPTERS OUR RURAL READERS. I prove any by packing. The soft but- ter and the rancid butter will quickly deteriorate in quality and become un- FOR fit for Use. Those who can not make good butter would do well not to pack it. How Successful Farmers Operate This Department of the Farm —A Few Hints as to the Care of Live Stock and Poultry. ee.) URKEYS will soon be in order again, and raisers of these birds should be devoting all of their attention to the work of making them large, fat, plump and juicy in in time for Thanks- giving. It should be remembered, says a writer in the American Cul- tivator, that the best turkeys al- ways bring the greatest profit to the owners, and that in times of a glut In the market they' are usually the ones that work off, while the inferior birds are left behind. Try to raise fancy turkeys for Thanksgiving, and you will get your reward. There will be plenty of poor stock from all parts of the coun- try, and the chances are they will sell cheap. The bronze turkeys usually are the best for raising, as they can be made to produce very tender, sweet meat, while their carcasses when properly fattened are very heavy. In fact, they surpass all other breeds, both in weight and hardiness. The young turkeys before this time should be good-sized birds, and those that have gathered up a liv- ing on the farm and in the fields and woods during the summer are in excel- lent condition for fattening for the hol- idays. As a rule, turkeys can find their living in the woods and fields better than chickens, but they should not be kept without grairi feed too long. If they have been accustomed to the fat, juicy worms of spermrner they are very ready to make/a change of diet. But even in the summer time they should be fed night and morning with some good food, such as corn or wheat. The fattening period for market should cover several weeks. It is bet- ter to give them all they will eat for four weeks than to force them to eat more than they want for two weeks. Give ,them good food only, for every- thing that they eat now goes to make meat, and if such things as onions, bit- ter weeds and decayed fruits and vege- tables are given to them their meat will have a bad odor and flavor. The food during the fattening period really has much to do in giving the turkeys fine, white, well -flavored meat. Too much exercise is also bad for them, and they should be shut up most of the time. Avoid anything that will bruise the birds. If they are inclined to be quarrelsome they should be separated. Corn is the great fattening food, and if one is so situated that chestnuts are easily obtained, it is well to feed there on these too. They certainly flavor the meat a little and the turkeys are very fond of them. Plenty of pure water and milk help the turkeys at this time. Sweet, rich milk is good for them, and they are very fond of it. Finally the marketing should be done with the same care and intelligence that the fattening has been performed with. In many cases it pays better to keep the turkeys until after Thanks- giving, as the market is 'good then, and there are fewer birds for sale. SOME years the glut around Thanksgiving time is PO great that very poor prices are realized. Rapll Growth Desirable, It is the chick that grows rapidly from the start which pays. Growth is increase of weight, whether the bird Is fat or not, and as the large bird can be made fat, the size Is an advantage. The breed influences rapid growth. It is well known that a calf of the Short- horn breed not only grows more rapid- ly but also largely exceeds in weight a calf that is a scrub, in the same period of existence. This Increase applies to poultry also. A chick of some large breed will grow rapidly from the start, and in gaining size It will secure weight also. It is what the scales show that gives the value. The large chick may eat more food than one that is smaller. but there is a saving of time. If a chick can be made to roach two pounds when three month, old, while another attains butt a pound and a half. It is equal to fe'gain of twenty - flee per cent. equivalent to the weight of twenty-five more chicks in a him &ed. In hatching early broilers this winter the matter of selecting the largo breeds should not he overlooked. Ex reoury snit Aoinora i gno Hectic. It has been found that the heat rem edy for thr ravages of the asparagus bootie is a hen with a brood of young chicks. A diligent Rea7ch Is Made for the beetles by them, and instances are known in which a hen and chicks Raved the bed from destruction. No damage ran he done by the hen, anti It I. an experitnent worthy of a trial Perham; It may not be known that a Mock of turkeys will keep down the tobacco worms in a tobarro field. If A fint-k is turned in on the field every plant will he carefully searched, and not a worm will escape their keen eye As the turkeys will not harm the to- bacco. and can find a full supply of worms, it is not only an economical mode of raising them. hot puts them to good service at the same time ice. r•rItIng the Daley IlIntter. Parking hotter In the AIIITIMPT time is A common plan among most farmer, with a few (-owl , ' (:nod butter ran he parit•ti and kept In A very cold room Until prices begin to lirlvar,-• In the fall and winter Poor butter parked at this season of the year will not im In order to make butter for packing the cream should not be kept more than a day or two. The mistake is made on many farms of churning only once or twice a week, and the cream is frequently five days old before churned. The finest butter can not be made from cream kept that length of time. But skillful butter makers have produced very good butter with cream three days old, and probably the line should be drawn at this. Each day that new cream is put into the stone pot the whole mass should be stirred evenly, and this will preent it from settling in layers. First dissolve a piece of saltpetre in water, and mix this with the first cream put into the pot. Then by stir- ring up the whole mass each time ad- ditional cream is put in the saltpetre goes into every part of the cream, and helps to preserve it. The stone pot for the cream naturally should be kept in a very cool place, in the ice box if one keeps ice, or in a cold cellar. The night before churning take it out and stand it in an ordinarily eearm room. In the morning get the temperature of the cream down to 58 or 60 degrees. If handled in this way the butter ought to come in summer in five or ten min- utes. When the butter is in small granules, draw off the buttermilk. Wash the butter in the churn until the cold water runs off clear. Work the salt carefully into the 'butter, and let It stand until next day. Early in the forenoon of the follow- ing day re -work the butter with the heeds until the salt is thoroughly dis- solved and every drop of the butter- milk is out of it. A little buttermilk left in the butter will be sufficient to taint the whole pot full, and eventu- ally spoil it. A stone crock is the best thing to pack the butter in, and each churning should be packed firmly into the pot. Dissolve as much salt as possible in water, and into this put one-half ounce of saltpetre to each gallon of brine. Boil this until everything is dissolved. Strain it through a cloth, let it stand for a few hours, then skim off the scum on top, and pour off the liquid carefully, leaving the sediment at the bottom in the pail. The brine will then be clear, and is ready to pour over the butter in the crock. Each time a new quantity of butter is to be packed, pour off the brine, and put the butter down hard, and then pour brine over again. In this way butter can be kept sweet and clean for a long time.—Ex. American Eggs.—It is strange a coun- ty like ours, containing ample terri- tory and exporting 50 -cent wheat, does not produce enough eggs fc- our home consumption. We should c, evert our material, wheat and corr. and buy end export the finished pro.e:et instead of furnishing other countrie'u . the raw raw material, wheat and corn. and buy back the finished product—eggs. Per- haps there are e eaotigh hens in the United States to produce sufficient eggs for our home consumption. Why did we import $2,500,000 worth of eggs some years, even under a 5 cents per dozen tariff?—Ex. Indian Corn for Forage.—By reason of its large yield, great feeding value and the many different climates and conditions under which it can be profitably produced, corn has been, and always will he, the favorite en- silage crop, as it is the great roughage crop of the Pelted States. While all the other forage plants can be made Into ensilage. there is more labor and less profit in the work. It is an ex- cellent feed not only during winter. but in summer, when a season of abUntlanc, is often followed by a drriuth and the pastures are burned tip —Ex. Cheese Exports. --The cheese export in May was 5,498.077 pounds, valued at $407,106, and in June the quantity was 7,059,469 pounds, worth $547,662. In the corresponding months of 1894 the cheese export was 6,207,651 pounds. valued at $619,598 for May, and in June It. was 15,632.647 pounds, valued at $1,- 491,848. The cheese export for twelve mon ths, ending June, 1895, was 58,646,- 036 pounds, worth $5,332.654. In the corresponding period of 1894 the quan- tities were 2,102,644 pounds, valued. at $7,016,392. Saved in the Silo.—As to the superior value of silage over dry food, no OOP can reeaonahly have a doubt. Beyond the fact that the crop slioed contalne It.. constituents as nature arranged them, and in that condition is most wholesome, from an economic point of view, there Is no comparison. The more plants are exposed to the air, the greater 114 their loss of organic matter, until, In time. they become Valueless All this loss is saved by using the silo Southern Planter. A Novel incubator Elias Stanton of Kirkland has discovered a novel in ruhator in the shape of a manure heap Ile heard the peep of the chickens FIPV- pral times' without flndlng the stolen neat. Mrs Stanten Wag Called to haves- Oita's' and soon solved the mystery. The eggs had been laid in a place where the heat of the manure was aufficient to hatch several fine motherless chicks. - Utica Herald. Grooming reMOVeR dust and secre florin, thereby soothing the animal and enabling the puree of the skin to per- form their proper functiona. Careful and regular grooming has an impor tant influence on the health of the horse, besides adding greatly to his a p pearance. - - - A field of rve wheat will he found quite an advantage in furnishing good eletivrage to the ewes In the lambing season Preserving the. Pastures. As the hot weather comes on, with its liability to drouth, more or lees pro- tracted, the pastures demand the intel- ligent attention of the owners, says Nebraska Farmer. The goori rains that have fallen c,ver nearly all the west and northweet have been a god- send to the gra.ssts. Instead of being dried out at the root as was threat- ened a few weeks ago they have picked up fresh and green, but the grass is In no case very high or overly thick, and before the sweeping onslaught of the herds and flocks it soon gives way. Without continued rains the end is soon in sight. Then is when the farmer must be on the alert. Whatever is done it is surely the maddest thing of all to let the stock continue running over pastures, tramping and biting the grass into the dirt at a time when is should have absolute rest. It is ft good plan to take the stock away from pastures half of the day even when the grass is yet fairly good. It saves their tramping the grasses out, and tells very favorably upon the grasses when the hot season does strike them, and in the following seasons as well. It is always good policy to have the pastures divided up with cross fences, that any one division may be given ab- solute rest just at the critical moment when needed. This also permits giving to the cattle, horses and sheep separate grazing fields, which is often advisable for good reasons. To give the pastures a rest of course means that feed must be furnished from some other source. But this point is reached sooner or later by any course, and it is coming to be considered mat- ter of economy to be prepared for the emergency and to forestall it rather than be overwhelmed by the conse- quences of neglect in the matter. At- tention must also be given to reseed- ing at proper intervals as needed. A half crop of grass is as unprofitable to raise on a piece of land as is a halt crop of grain. Keep the pastures in good heart. That is the secret of their continued usefulness. Buckling the Throat Strap \A common error in harnessing a draft horse is to buckle the throat - strap too tightly. This is observable at our cart horse parades, and the care ahown by the judges—especially those of the veterinary profession—in always carefully examining the fit of this portion of the harness must im- press upon the drivers the importance of its proper adjustment, so that it shall not constrict and impede the breathing power of the horse. What may appear a comfortable fit when the horse is at rest may be a serious ob- struction when it ponies to draw a heavy load and haitio exert to the full his breathing capacity and alter the position in which his head and neck are carried. Besides, a tolerably loose throat -strap adds not only to the com- fort of the horse, but to the general good appearance of the head, whether in bridle or blinkers. On the other hand, a throat -strap too loose is un- sightly, and dangerous as well—espe- cially in the case of well-bred, spirited horses in harness or under the saddle --for there is some danger of the whole headgear being shuffled off. We have known many accidents to occur from this cause. Some judgment should therefore be exercised in this matter. No particular rule can be laid down, as so much depends upon the conforma- tion of the head. The exact position of the throat -strap can not be so easily de- fined as that of the saddle. as given in the army regulations, namely: 'The saddle should be placed in the middle of the horse's back, the front of it about the breadth of a hand behind the play of the shoulder.' \ -London Live Stock Journal. The Fat Stock Show --The American Fat Stock Show finds a new home this year. The Coliseum, situated at Sixty- third street, Chicago, near the World's Fair grounds. and on the spot where Buffalo Bill's aggregation of wild west performers held sway during the expo- sition, has been secured by the commit- tee in charge for Nov. 6 to 16. Prepara- tions are being made to hold in this, what will he the largest exhibition building in the world, a more ambitious show than has been held since Old Ex- position Building days. Horses, cattle, sheep, poultry, agricultural and horti- cultural exhibitions will occur. There is no lack of room. Exhibitors will be provided with all ronveniences, and in fart it Is the intention of the board to exert every effort to give an old time show in point of interest and extent of exhibits.—Ex. Fitting For Market. A company do- ing business at the chleago stock yards sends out the following advice to its customers We Wellid advise all our enetomers having cattle to ship during the next thirty (Nye thatiaave been fed corn on grass to put them in a dry lot and teen nothing but hay and corn for' say, five or six days before shipping. In this way they will get all the grass - - out of them, shrink less, ship better, and gall to much better advantage. Crowding the heifers.— Is it best to crowd heifers at two years to their fen capacity? Give them what they will at and aastrollate and keep them at work from the first. Often they will not do as well the second year as the first, but do better the third year. A study of the nature of rations is abso- lutely necessary, because, AA the cow grows older, more carbonaceous food ii neceasary.- Fanciers' Review. How to Detect Oleomargarine —Dr. Leffman, a Philadelphia chemist, rec.- ommende the following teat_ Plac e some of the quest lona ble but ter in a tin cup, about the size of a teacup, heat it, and if when hot it sputters and flies, as lard does when it is frying, ahd if watt gathers on the top, you can be- lieve it is oleomargarine Butter, on the other hand, will not sputter or fly, nor will salt gather on top. butter will foam up until It runs over. Ex. 't JEF THE An Chi aad His whetbs a . e m r circu grea d1 that of at will It be 1 that why crea sam app one witl ao 311 we ag th na do di an sa ar ev or fo DI ab le Co a in th c, a 1) Ii ii 1 a si 2 •

The Wickes Pioneer (Wickes, Mont.), 05 Oct. 1895, located at <>, image provided by MONTANA NEWSPAPERS, Montana Historical Society, Helena, Montana.