The Wickes Pioneer (Wickes, Mont.) 1895-1896, November 02, 1895, Image 1

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hi A. 6 t1 1 El WICKES PIONEER. \Free Coinage of Gold and Silver at the Ratio of 16 to I.\ VOL. 1. WICKES, MONTANA, SATURDAY. NOVEMBER 2, 1895. NO. 13 THE Wickes Hotel, Wickes, Montana. We have recently secured oontrol of this house and have fitted it up with new fur- niture from top to bottom. CLEAN ROOMS, NEW BEDDING, Table Surpassed By None. The only place between Helena and Butte where a first class meal can be had for 60c. RATES: $1.50 Per Day. Special terms made to those desiring reg- ular board. THE Wickes Hotel. Wickes. Montana. BALLOTS NOW DECIDE. THE SILVER LEADERS APPEAL TO THE JURY. An Address Setting Forth the Facts of the Monetary Issue, the Act of 1873 and Subsequent Enactment,. Dolskloas and Developments. Leaders of the silver party have is- sued an address to the people of the United States. The Memphis convention authorized the preparation of an address covering the principles on which the silver cause is based, its purpose and plans of work. The preparation of this paper was in- trusted to Judge Henry G. Miller of Chicago, and last week Judge Miller submitted the results of his labors to Gen. Warner, Congressman Acklen of Tennessee, Secretary Edward B. Light of the National Bimetallic league and the other free silver leaders. The lard of the Aaaregol. The principal part of the address reads as follows: \To the People of the United States. The great ejectment case of gold vs. silver is now upon trial on its merits for the first time before the people et the United States, and their verdict will be rendered in the autumn of 1896. Feb. 12, 1873, a distinguished United States senator, as attorney for the plain- tiff, without notifying the parties inter- ested, or even the persons called upon to decide it, that such a case was pend- ing. quietly and without exciting ob- servation caused a judgment by default to be entered in favor of the plaintiff. and the congressmen who voted for that measure anti the president who signed it were surprised to find years after- ward that it had had the effect of chang- ing the standard money of the country from bimetallism to gold monometal- lism, and of banishing from their coun- try the silver dollar, which had been given to the people of this country . with almost the first breath of their national life. \When the people learned what had Peen done they overwhelmed congress with petitions to vacate the judgment which had been so surreptitiously en- tered and to restore silver to the place It occupied in our currency prior to the passage of that act. In obedience to this demand the house of representa- tives Nov. 5, 1877, by a vote of 164 yeas to only 34 nays, passed an act restor- ing silver to the privileges of the mint upon an equality with gold on our present ratio of 16 to 1. This was known as the Bland bill. \The finance coenmittee of the senate, of which Mr. etliison was eheirman, modified the bill by striking out the free coinage featurfi. and in the place of it directing thte f secretary of the treasury to purchase not less than $2,000,000 tier more than $4,000,000 worth of sliver a Month, to be coined into dollars of 412V2 grains each of standard silver, and they were endowed with the full legal -tender function. With this and other amend- ments the bill passed the senate Feb. 15, 1878. The senate amendtnents were concurred in by the house Feb. 21, 1878, and the hill, as amended.; was passed by both houses over the president's veto Feb. 28, 1878. This act was known as the Bland -Allison act. \In acceding to the senate amend - Metes the silver men in the house were largely influenced by section 2. con- tained in the senate amendments, pro- viding 'that immediately after the pas- sage or this aet the president shall in- vite the governments of the countries composing the Latin union, so called, and of la!ich other European nations as he may ',fteem advisable, to join the United Siates in a conference to adopt a common ratio between gold anti sil- ver for the purpose of establishing in- ternationally bimetallic money.' \Upon the invitation of our president en International monetary conference convened In Paris in August. 1878, and and at Its seventh and last session the European delegates, with great unanim- ity declared 'that it is necessary to maintain In the world the monetary functions of silver as well as those , of gold: that the selection for Ilse of one or the other of the two metals, gold or sliver, or of both simultaneously. should be governed by the special posi- tion of each state or group of states • Money a I roalloo of law. 'This formula treats money as a (Tea tion of law, the way it has always been treated by all civilized nations. anti at firms it the most emphatic manner the right of each nation to select the meter lal or Pubstonep of which money IS made, or in which it Is embodied, an d that its action in this matter should he governed by its own 'special poaltIon' or Interest, without tegard to that of other nations, Raying, however, that for the good of a ll et Is necessary to maintain the monetary fun , lions el silver as well as those of gold.' 'Mr. Goschen, afterward rhancellor .4 England, said in the, .etnferente 't believe that it wetilii lei a great gala - fortune If a propaganda itgainst silver should succeed, and I protest against the theory aecording to which this metal must be excluded front the monis tery systems of the world It follows that in the estimation of the European states the credit, honor and integrity of this government would not. In tt slightest degree, be injured by endow- ing silver and gold equally with lune- Bons of money; on the contrary, the above formula contains a distinot declaration that in doing so it Would confer a benefit upon the world's com- merce, for it would thereby 'maintain the monetary functions of silver as well as those of gold.' \ \If our congress had acted upon the recommendation contained in the fore- going formula of the European dele- gates, anti, recognizing the 'special po- sition' of this country as that of a money -using country, and, therefore, a debtor country, and not a money -lend- ing country, had promptly replaced the bimetallic standard in our monetary system by reopening our mints to the unrestricted coinage of both metals up- on our present legal ratio, the further divergence of these metals would have been arrested, and, in all probability, they would have been brought to a pari- ty long ago. It is only through the op- eration of our coinage laws, by giving mint privileges equally to both metals, and giving to the coins struck from them the same tile far monetary pur- poses, that their parity can be restored and maintained. Efforts of Free -Sliver Men. \Silver men, In succeeding con- gresses, have labored incessantly to give effect to the popular will by restor- ing the full monetary functions of sil- ver, but have been defeated by a hostile president and the strategy of those who are endeavoeiee to keep the country permanently'imon a gold standard. June 17, 1890, the senate, by a large ma- jority, passed a free -coinage bill. This was disagreed to by the house. The re- sult was a compromise and the passing by both houses in July, 1890, of a meas- ure for the purchase by the government of 4,500,000 ounces of silver per month and terminating the coinage of silver under the Bland -Allison act of .Iuly 1, 1891. In 1885 the gold men, with the president, Mr. Cleveland, concerted to bring about a repeal of so much of the Bland -Allison act as provided for the coinage of silver, btit did not then suc- ceed. This was accomplished by the act of 1890 and was manifestly the main purpose of that act. The 'purchase clause' In the act of 1890 was to secure and did secure for it the support of the senators from the silver states, and thereby enabled the senate to pass it. Very soon after this measure became a law the senator whose name it bears in- troduced injlite senate a bill to repeal the purcba ause of the act, and la the midst of a commercial and indus- trial depression deliberately initiated, it is believed, to accomplish this object this provision of the act was repealee Nov. 1, 1893. \All intermediate legislation favoring silver having been repealed the single question now is whether this act of 1/173, which, when dIseovered, filled the land with execrations, shall now be indorsed by the people. It would seem that its disastrous effects would preclude the possibility of such indorsement, but the present administration, ambitious to be distinguished as a persecutor of silver and disregarding the pledges contained in the platform upon which its chief was elected, is apparently determined at any sacrifice to have this accom- plished and this country placed ir- revocably upon a single gold standard. \It Is a mistake to suppose that the exigencies of our foreign trade require us to use the single gold standard for our domestic ani foreign exchange, In other words, that the volume and profits of our foreign trade depend upon the conformity of our monetary system with thaeof the country we trade with. Commerce between the people of dif- ferent countries is sIrreply an exchange of commodities or of the products of in- dustry. The importer of English cloth, for instance, buys from the exporter of American wheat a bill of exchange upon the English importer of the wheat and sends it to the English exporter of the cloth, and he collects it from the English importer of the wheat Thus, in both countries foreigh commodities are pale for by the importer to the ex- portee In the currency of the country in which the payment is made. It Is true that these transactions are earried on through the intervention of bankers or hill -brokers. but this Is the result. The volume of trade between the people of Iwo countries is no more affected by the chat - veer of their respective currenclea or a eant of uniformity in them than by a want of uniformity in their weights and measures All that can be said of it Is that this want of uniformity Is an inconvenience. but this Inconvenience does not In the stighteat degree affect the volume of trade between the two emintries Object of the AwkoelatIon. \The object of this aaaoriation is to pertmade the people to elect reprettenta- Ryes who will restore by proper legisla- tion the bimetallic principle in our monetary system without regard to the action of other nations, as if was es- tebilehed by the founder , of our great repuhlie In 1792, Independent of such action, and a president who will ap prove such measure \itoreatia will at luteo organized, one being located In Chicago. from whit'h binoetallie literature will be is R ued to enlighten the people on this ell. Important snbject 'Henry U Millet. Piesidene \J. FL Acklen. Secretary,\ MINING MATTERS. WYOMING MINES, Ateent Shipments Made to Denver term The Sliver Crown INlektrlet At- tracting Attention. Net er In the history of NVy.itiiimr. bat; there been such activiev in mining for the precious metals as Al tho pres- MO time. Extensive 'teepee:hie and systematic et' mining prop- erty is being carried out in all parts of the slate. l'onsillerabl.• capital from the East is lelng invested and discov- eries of git141, silver and coplite readily find outsiders anxious to investigate them with a view to investment. At the Silver Criiwn mines, twenty miles front this city, the prospects are especially encouraging. A revent ship- fflent or tire from the Fairview prop- erty, to iheiver. paid a lift profit of Several hundred dollars to ear 'Fifty thousand pounds of ore is beilig loaded at Burford siatien and will be shipped to Denver HI once. Ar- rangements are being made to increase the output of the mines so that regair shipments will be Made ill the future. The Silver l'rown district embraces It largo number of very promising prop- erties, and the suctess of the Fairview mine meanft the immediate prosecution of work in a number of other proper ties. As the district Is itnnueliately tributary to Cheyenne. the effect upon b8 1 1 ,(k on ii t ) i r es sliti t ri i e Side Mining etsnitiiny's canal. in ley gttich, south or Rawlins. is being; pushed rapidly. and will be completed by Oc- tober I. Eighteen utiles of the canal has been conatructed and the water turned in. M..I. a mining engi- neer teem Chicago. has a contraet ii put in two plaids for the company in Liry gulch. 'Elie gold saving devices which will be used are inventions of Mr. Miller. who guar4e e s :hem t save every color of got( t will 11111111- gainate. It is the intention to begIal waehing as soon as the water can be turned on the ground. \t'itil the canal at present constructed 5.0(10 et1Ikie yards of earth can be handled in I day. and next spring, when the -capacity of the canal Is obtained, twiee that amount will be washed, In the Veer eille distrive adjacent To the West Side elining contliaity's prop- erty, are the T111111.'1* Bar placers owned by Merrison, Ilartirnburgh and others. who are about to sell the property to at Eastern syndicate. The expected pie . ehasers will engage the 240 teams not% working op the West Side Mining cool partv's venal and begin constructioa wog shortly after October 1 on canals to lipply water for working their prop ert by eydretilic Methods The entire country in the Four -Mile district, None' ef 44, wllits. . being prospegted in ile• ititeletet Ilt capitalise+ willing to hives; wilentwer premising discoveries 111, 111 1 : 1 1 1 , 1\ , A11111'011113 and RUM. mines. owned by .1. G. Itankin, of itaw line, and situated some six millet %wet of that plate% are beginning tit attract attention. A shaft sunk to the depth tif thirty five feet shows a W..11-flefitted ore body. five feet wide, bet e inn vval's of granio• and lime formations. Min runs made from the average ore beil. at the bottom of the shaft have give.) returns of ees gold and 37 per cell. copper. A large amount of ore will I. steppe(' te the Omaha reduction wor,. for tree t ment. Negotiations are pending for the thitse. by a party of Philadelphia ne 'of the Diuglatt erevk Metier properti south of Laramie, belonglne le M. \Velem: & Storey, of tle- , property has been carefule ii gated by experts. the result that it less its limit about 2;00. Mal yards of pay dirt that will yiel I from 40 to 70 et.nts a ya: .1 If the property is maimed - l'', ladel philtre+ 'tropes.. console , 1111.11 of tire miles, which n inflow water for working tie \u the hydraulic litet110111. I ' • - • -- the enterpriaii will aid La, aiii r iit llY, the northern part it there It much eneouragement ai stoicism of the Bahl mountein nen— tr Sheridan. Additional stamp mills ere being brought Into the district, am: all of the developed mines are payine handsome returns to their owners. ABOUT GOLD MINING. Geesetionelly there will be met with rich geld mine yltilt will slam! for 6 brief leaded thaekind of recklens and ex t ra v a ea tit managiiment that would send the (dells (hitt ii ii,, back el H (gin servatlye 1...stneas Man. mews are rew awl tar between, lint tiwir Very ex istanet. s mere !term than good (rem the fa, t that the met leek applied In their nein teement fire ill- , fried en ether 'trill. ..lees. which, e pommess iti.7 large it ealth in golut. are not of MI , II it rutin, ts to eland this kind of \kid glove inil chempagrie\ matingt twilit. and leatee the enterpriae hivari (gels disastrously find a Is/111111W 1111),Intliale f l 114 worthies... II (Wet' the ‘‘estern rountry e. are gold mime web .11,11 e , in lee grele ..rem. %%111.11 Were oidental years ate. iit the tin, of t lit, P • r exeitentent sweat! its Mile (menu. the 'Muer t, 1 the presetit time four collSerVilliVe and a He :Mahe mining men are quiet!r securing telltrei suet propel tee iia theme. They are oqpilp1.111g tic it ti lilt Modern plants or hinery it fleeing fer the redielion it ,•• by the preview ••• ereetesee ithich hare lino en to he th moat selnittnble to the Ittisinetta of 4.[ '111C1111g g1.1.1 frOin 11110 that elkiam if They are red earning rubidium ilivl , I , gula nor Ate they being 1 1 11 ) 1 11 1 11r. bat 'hey are ...millet: those dividend. ..hi( Pr reesionably be etteeeed frem tiny gitlinate innitufect tiring tete I prime. This Is Milting and loollnewt combated; the ItInd of mining Belt furnishes em- ployment for efallitett ii Mine allperlD- telldellIP o and meta Itur gists, wile take Ii t,' Interest in their work or produeine gold for Unlit , SZ1111 wit 110111 1111PSt11.11 it loss or ehance lit this kind of imiittlmtc yam will not find the speculator iit' expert. II' capitalists want to make mining inveetniente, net speenlatimis. go to the experienced Western milling man, tell him valat you have to Invest. mid. above all. impress on film the fail thit$ you hat e itti money for speculation. but wish It iingitee in some legitimate en terprise as a businese venture veldt as little of that element \chance\ to enter lute the transaction as is pesaible. if your mining inati itimet call elm se - expert,\ the maim. etit much that is net cemplimentary iii this \Vest - ern yountry) understands: his business, he will get you a mini. with ore Itt it, but probably of such low grade that le will take eonsiderable money to place It on it paying basis. There are hun- dreds of moil mines in the West iv ti owners knew the value of their proper , ties, but are too poor to nork them themselves anti seldom Mel an oppor- tunity tu sell. for the majority of buy- ers aro slaieulators only and tire fright- ened away by the preliminary outlay necessary to - open 111k\ the mine. When/ yoa have your mine in view it is no dif- theilt. matter to estimate Its real value, the amount to be expended for devel- opment and the value.of the ore !follies; working, coste, etc. The only actual risk run is the sud- den \playing out\ of the ores in the mine due to more or less geologieal 'let enliarities for which our Creator elate IS responsible. I Ii thug In(1uetry. CHLORINATION OF GOLD ORES. Sketch or the 1)evelornient of This Pro- eeita. The extractien (if glild from its ores by the use of ehlorlue was one of the grtintest advances in the metallurgy of this natal ever made. The first prate lleal met:heti for applying chlerination WaS 1111' Plattner 11r1a.css, and tile first place %here it was applied in this country tat any eon:Mier:title scale was in Grass Valley. I eilifornia, by the late G. F. Deetken The Plattner chlorina- tion ertneetts in putting the tine, roastet fires in a wooden tank or lewd lined wooden trink e t° a depth te several feet, closing the lank amid allowieg the ride- rine gas to penetrate the masa (rem tho bottom. The supply- of 'Ii imbue' is kept en for two or three days until the white. mas , ef moist ore has imen thor- coghly elder Mated, when the gold. you- . (gee' int.. eldorine, in leached etit with .iter This lirlicePS ItIVOIVeS 111.. grind- ing and 1 . . , atilitig of the ore, anti usually Ile etineentration. and it requires fair or live day.: for the charging, chlorina- tion. e iishitig anti discharging of the eilarro. The , •harg , -4 amount, to front eve to teenty tone. rarely el ire. and it ismateliteetly requires iiereat many lanka. The solutifin 1, drawn Into set - thug tanks. and finally precipitat- tig tanks, %%here the gold is preenntat- .41 by ferrous sulphate and the clear solution decanted ..ff sit t11:11 the N11.,le VrareSS requires a very extensei. array of lead lined tanks. The next step in progress was to shorten the time votteir. , 11 for chlorina- tion by the use or the revolving. lead - lined barrel. 'fliese hareem were made at first to hold 1.11e ton, then three tons, 'tow five and ten tons. They are t•harg- ed very quickly. The chlorine is gen- . ruled in the barrel by the use or cal- , nun ch and sulphiirie acid L‘'hen Idorinated the I ?large it., as ettenerly, ,in sand filters and waslital, gut this nasiting was an extremely (bees operation. especially when the nil filter beeiitne eleeged with the dictum sulphate and title iron oxide trent the charg. Varintis devices were adepted, simile with a great tnea , nre of Ane..etts, to shorten the time of washing on the tiller, and to effect a more per feet washing of the charge. Evert whit them. it 11411111141 It great number ,ir filter tanks. The next step was to n - aali In the barrel. 'This Walt done first at Delon.. I intario. the witsh-water beim: eillittled -ill of the ehlerinating Itarrel with only very little of' the chnrge mixed with It. that the iiiii st efethe charge remain - .I in the barrel until thoreughly waah- ed. when it whet enrried AWAY by stream er water to th.• tyaste pump. Tile small amount that went out with the liolution went Into a settling tank and then the molution went through ill. tins This greatly lessened the use of filters. but It r(iettired a goal deal 'if time Ii' Wash the charge. EtTorts were then mode at contimititift washing by ImInPini: water through one trtirillittO and m11.1w1fig it to call through the geo.i. LH, L n 1001 with the ether trunnieti. but this Watt 'chow on ate emint of the neeeatotrily St111111 Size ,,r the pipes that passed through the trim4 nions. nu , next step Was 10.11111111 the entire. charge 1111t. it s. partite filter u.s. I and to wash muter 'treasure. html ulit.. hag it !tektite dIfIlellItieM. It ttlaY tnentiotied the irremilar washing of the 'quire\. Tle• water 1'1111 111111 free enesuges and still fellow theni and not pass through the tents tilt lb,. doiriv• There are elan other ilitficul flee whit II It is net Ilecc41411ry 10 Men thn I f 11. , ‘r 1 , , 1 din and ha.: e Carried (in a 191 - 1:0 !With` II,, WtiViillig :Ind ill t ii,f1 I t a. f, did rapid and es. el t' 'mg the , ieitting hutcliIi rrel itsel f It it method 'if ileing the work In the firm, etieglnifinta he need an aslant filter. but It wee ilifficelt to get aer- t able imbestoa cloth, the life of the .1011. being short and the rest high. hr. ItotImell then !milt 1.airels with ft sand filter in tie ii and lit the 11Se of preaatire hi; Is elided t ,, wash the . Mug, very rtit. illy. it ti and ,,onontic$111% I tigitmering /Ina Mining teurnal -- -- The fon. , tig dIrldetel. have been paid by Montana mite , the be. ginning or the year. Ilkligrif. SNI,nt10; cee °oda tea $1,1, - .11011. Ilopeolf `-1 Loot- SID.M111: 11'..ti PAO.- 0011. , na 1 I es2 Moe/ toe $10,000. Total. etilit.34o. rtie American 1)etelopmeni and Manufac- turing Ceitipany. $24,:111e, Bahl Butte, $12,5e0; Boston lied elteitane. $ 300 .0441 The Beekman mIll, at Bland, New Me.X1e0, haS been :tit:felled by work- men, to WIhnii wages are due. for $4,- S110, and the plant is tied up tight as a drum. A proposition has been made fur a settlement, which. if arcepted, ast we hope it will be, will relieve the strain and start up the 111111 tgain. It is gentirally conetabel the process 18' a SUcCesti, and It is a pity it canuot be operated without all this temble. With- out the mill the outleek for the catrip ic very blue for the coining is inter. A large body er vein of ore carryinr a high percentage of bismuth and an average of $111 gold per ton has been oiemel up in geed shape in the South- ern Ilills, Dakota. Tio. property is sit- tutted on Iron Creek. :theta seven mile\ east from keystone I 'amp. It Is owned by E. Palmerlee, the locator, and °tilers, residents of Minnesota, who win , morel have a ten-stanip iii ill, with Frue vanner eoncentrator. on the ground. The niachinery was ordered some time ago and vvill be put in place upon ar• CRIPPLE CREEK AND VICTOR. News of Shippers—Recent Rates In tha Camp. ', the week's running sales the Clip - reek Mail mentions the transfer of the Marla to Colorado Springs capital- ists. It brought $20.000. The daily output of the Geneva is fif- ty tons of $30 ore. F. C. Phillips has ready for shipment twenty-tive tons it good ore from the Iirewstig• lease (.11 th.• Mollie Kathleen. At forty-three feet in the south drift the North Star has two and a half feet of porphyrylic quartz alone the hang- ing wall whieli shows fret. gold. A ship- ment was made to Denver last week. The Elkton and Wither are worked under one management and through tho aume slut ft. The daily out is fifteen tons of ore that runs from $60 to $150 per ten. The product goes to the cya- nide mill at Hermes.. 'lite Theresa shippeil three carloads of pre to the sa udder last neek. More men will be put tit work on this mine this week. A sample einink of sylvanite weighing 300 pounds is on exhibition at Ill,' mine. The St. Louis and 1'rippli. Creek tun- nel on Mineral 11111. recently shipped a carload if 1 , 7.0,0410 pounds of ore to the Omaha & Grant smelter at Denver, which was some iv ha t di aa ppoInting, running hut 1.3 outwes gold and 3-10 silver -$26 per ton. A contract has been lot to It. I). Lambert to drive the tunnel an additional 100 feet, whet' another carload will be shipped. The Favorite has a blg body of $78 ore. The Grouse or.. runs front $14 to $21 lien tou. Each month the Victor pays $20,000 dividends. The Bogart mhaft is down 175 feet anti is in one Dallee I,ri. Witsiiitighlii, I). 1' . capital is about to take wild or the Nugget stock at a cost of $180,000. Ar -- - The Sologgier Water. The piiiips it the lika - er ',vet or thA stou..;gler mine at Aspen are t•overi.(1 by water and the lower level 1/: flooded. This does not shut down the work in the mine /1110VO this level am the water lacks thirty (opt of the seventh level. It will take thirty deys to get hut other purism; to exhaust the water. Dail the Free Silver e.iiiipany gotten in their big pumps possibly tlit. Water e.iuh.I 1111VO held, or if the Mollie people had ntade vent - Hellen with the lower level of the Smuggler anti set 'minim there the floed (amid have Icon handled. As It is, fle• Wino tithson will get all the water mid If they . 41111110i hold it the Della S Ittishwhaeker. Park Regent and \liner:it Farm may suffer bv water in a • • I tine • -- .another New Mexico Distriet. Word from San Peilni is id hand an- nouncing the diseivery of a new and apparently rIch ',laver gold district in south Santit e.oluty. Th, nod was made by the pioneer na t iv, placer Pablo Arando, who. with his last week (leaned up $45 in geld th.•re. The features er the disrovery are that it is four lade: , distant from any placers ever bejore a'orked, and that the ;edit in the gravel is very voarse and therefort• easy or extraction The new geld tiehl Is sic mile\. east Or Sall Pedro, on government don - lain. On the glow of the mountain's that drain into the Itallstiat valley. Another at- tractive propoaltIon 'involved is that water ham fern develeited there at • depth of tift.ain feet. N'111.11 W111 Make If 1,..P.11111. tit ex traet the Kidd by the ordinary - ...hiking procesa. iu ativ ii ntlite not elijo ell in any other part of the Initnettee rich plater ground in tide dec- ent' Naturally the find ham (-reefed a relate.. among miners. et San Pedro and Goldeti. and the distriet has already les•ta pretty well plastered with elating. ten corpora tines; I, it' been fOrrned 1111.1 (Veil 11:1, Mt' iired WA/ aereg in the new territoi t, Mme. Melba, the prima donna, haa lifted that heavenly soprano voice of hers to protest against bloomers \Rest assured. - she exclaims, \that the bicycle is simply a pretext. It Is much less for motives of convenience than for more mysterious reasons that the skirt Is f.arrificed to ample trousers.\ It is A fit , t also. Mme. Melba, that some Man- derolla females flo not wear bloOmers frenl.the very fact that they have not \mylberious reasons\ enough to war- rant It. It Is not always modesty. but sometimes discretion, that prevents tit* fair bicyclist from adopting the An 1. shale garb of the wheel

The Wickes Pioneer (Wickes, Mont.), 02 Nov. 1895, located at <>, image provided by MONTANA NEWSPAPERS, Montana Historical Society, Helena, Montana.