The Wickes Pioneer (Wickes, Mont.) 1895-1896, November 02, 1895, Image 6

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• !), es. WAS A BOLD PURITAN. FOUNDER OF NAME AND FAME OF A GREAT FAMILY. Joh. V.ndllrolt. of MAnnarlitoorItS WAD In • IDI t1,, ...arm settlers t a llllll I'vor-Tree Still to Be nern tile Ohl Foram (Danvers, Mass., Correspondence.) ALEM and Dan- vers, of witchcraft distinction, center all the enthusiasm of visitors that is not expended on Hawthorne associa- tions about those weird' days of 169z. But there are two generations of years anterior, even to that early date, which makes these old colonial settlements notable and inter- esting. Moreover, there is a living link in ancient Danvers which connects this earliest New World life with today --a fruit tree of indisputable age, planted by John Endicott himself, the Puritan par excellence. Now, in this year of grace 1895, 263 years since it was planted in the sunny meadow of the \Endecott grant,\ it flourishes its annual output of gnarly pears, unrivaled in all the land --if not in fruit of juicy excellence, at least in antiquarian interest. This propped -up shell of a tree, with apparently all its inner integuments gone, nothing but the outer bark remaining, and, the sub- stance of that split in twain, stands aotai a governor, eapectally as the Browne two men whom he, in his oppositom to all ecclesiasticism, ex- pelled from the colony because of their devotion to the lepiscoPal form of wor- ship- were making trouble for him in England. His successor, John Win- throp. was his good friend, however, and, relieved from the cares of the first office in the colony, the thrift% pioneer ha 4 time to make the wilderness blos- som as the rose with vineyards and or- chards. In the Salem court house a scholarly ineumbent showed the writer how and when the Endicott' grant, over which we were to have an afternoon's ramble, was made. The goeernment of the'col- ony was vested in a governor, deputy governor, and eighteen assistants, chosen by the freemen. Four general courts were held each year, when all the freemen were to assemble, but other courts were to be held by these officers. At such a court as the last named, the three hundred acres of land between the two rivers of ponderous Indian names (new called Waters and Crane rivers) were granted, to Captain John Endicott July 3, 1632. Much of the land was covered with birches when the grant was made, and aside from its Indian title it was known in English as Birchwood, but when the governor had cleared it he named it Orchard Farm, calling the stream toward which it principally sloped \Cow -House River,\ with a characteristic absence of sentiment. He loved the spot more than his \Broadfield\ in Salem, and his tillage made it famous. The Salem planters wanted to raise tobacco. Endicott thought it injurious to health and morals, and this differ - 1 .4 t° ,); d m 44, . ‘ — E NiDECO r f I 1`4J<SE DANVERS, - 23 LA cr BE' FoRE 1684. • alone of all the host of thrifty trees, the pride of the colonial governor's heart, whose number gave to the orig- inal manor of 300 acres its patronymic orchard farm. How lovely the site is; l'pland and meadows it stretches swear between two silvery rivers, a fair and fertile farm, once included within Sa- lem limits, now set off with old witch- craft Salem village, into the town of Danvers. The shrewd old governor was a good judge of land. It was in 162S when he with his wife, Anne Gower, and that determined company of a hun- dred or so followed the Plymoilth Pil- grims and founded Salem, in the New World, the famous Massachusetts Bay colony. According to the quaint chron- icler, in \Wonder -Working Providence of Sion's -Saviour in New England;\ \The much honored Mr. John Indicat came over with them to governe, a lit Instrument to begin this svildernezse worke, of courage bold, undaunted, yet sociable, and of a cheerfull spirit, lov- ing and austere, applying himself to either, as occasion served.\ Occasion quickly served in the case of the rol- licking scoffers at Merrymount, and, while Miles Standish, from the Plym- outh colony, captured the reprobate Morton—\the devil in the Massachu- setts paradise\—preparatory to ship- ping him back to England, Endicott, the head of the Massachusetts Bay colony, and a sturdy fighter of Apol- lyons. solemnly chopped down the May pole \idol and ordained that the place should be no longer be called Merry - mount, but Mount Delon, in memory of the Philistine image that fell down before the ark. Thus, promptly on his arrival, de- spite the threatened onslaught of the Saugus Indians, did he march his sol- diers on to \rebuke profaneness and to admonish them to look to - it that they walk better.\ There were no such May dances in righteous Salem. There the house lots were being ap- portioned by the \loving and austere\ governor, the first streets laid out, the first Puritan, Church In America organ- ized, and, according to \Wonder -Work- ing Providence,\ again, \this church of Christ being thus begun, the Lord, with the water spouts of His tender mercy catised to Merciesa end fructify.\ Who paints the first governor's pic- ture so vividly as Hawthorne in his \Twice Told Tales; Endicott and the Red ('ross?\ The famous Puritan, in his armor, the colonists assembled in Salem Townhouse Square. Roger Wil- liams, the minister of the adjoining meeting house (whose timbers are so cherished in Salem today); the train band of the church militant. the red cross flag with symbol rent away by Endirottal sword, and hixt resolute voice ringing out, \Heat a nourish, drnmmer, in honor of the ensign of New England. Neither pope not tyrant hitth part In it now''' \With eery of trinmph.\ SA'. a Hawthorne. \the people I heir sanction to one of the bold- est ex Wolfs which our history records, and forever honored be the name of Endicott' We look back through the mist of ages and recognize in the rend- ing of the red cross from New Eng land's banner the first omen of that deliverance which our fathers ronstim mated after the bones of the stern Port tan had lain more than a century in thr dust\ Of mach uneompromising stuff araA this doughty leader made' Sma I wonder, then, that he was POOn stipei - - - - Ffelton, Sea., and Joseph Hutchin- son went to view his estate and ,they appraised :he propetey in certain terms: \ 'In the III•W house, and other prop- erty which was 'In the old house.' \ This May bear out the statement made to us by the present courteous occu- pant, that part of the original house of the governor was moved to this point and added to. Before this time the En- dicott possessions covered a much larg- er territory --a full thousand acres— taking in the now famous Witchhouse Farm, the Rebecca nurse homestead, which John, Jr., left to his wife, and that estate adjoining on which the Pro- vincial mansion, known as the Collins House, was built. This was the re- nowned headquarters of General Gage, now called The Lindens, the home of the Endicott cousins, the Peabodys. .In the meadow, near the river, is the governor's old spring—the Shaded spring, whereof he drank, On the pleasant willow batik. Farther up on the river shore is the Endicott burying place, with the old stones dating back to the third genera- tion from the colonial ancestor. Up to the fourth generation the name was spelled with an e for the second sylla- ble: after that it becomes the more familiar Endicott. The headstones in the inclosed pine grove burial plot bear no other name than Endicott, but it is said that at the time General Gage was quartered in the near -by beautiful Collins House, British officers, who formed his bodyguard and died in camp, were buried in this aristocratic inciosure. Several slaves were also in- terred among the family bones, but only the greensward marks such graves. -••••••-.4.66;'?4''?. ''.5- ,,y.,.:\ ,zre. .;.',......., • T HE ENDE,I) cow- vr ti pEZ ,4 4 St• -7. PLANTED lN ence ot op another source of alienation. The list. Mr. Higginson. the Salem minister, writes very early: \Our governor has planted a vineyard with great hope of increase:\ but later accoants would indicate that grapes were not a success. Not so with his orch.aals. however. There is a suffi- cient recast' of his bargain with Wil- liam Trask, when he sold him 500 apple trees, for which he received 250 acres of land. A fine pioneer nurseryman the Puritan governor had become, al- beit lte does not so figure in history. When this \Endecott grant\ was made, he had lost the wife who crossed the seas with him -the Anne Gower who was niece or . cousin to Governor Matthew Cradock : of colonial fame, and whose fairly wrought sampler is tri- umphantly exhibited, with her hus- band's sun -dial, in the Essex Institute 1_ • JOHN ENDICOTT, (T4 Puritan ) at Salem Ills zecond wife WAS Eliza- beth Gibson of Cambrlage, Eftgland and the year he acquired his manor land his first son, John. WILS born Three years later, Zerubbabel, the col- onial physician, saw the light on the Orchard Farm. It was he who built the old fashioned homestead, still standing with its plaint, low -studded roominess not far from the site of the CI if{lnal hourte and that older eurviyor. • the pear tree I tr Zero hhahel. Endicotra second wife, who outlived him. Wes Elizabeth Winthrop. aanghter of John Winthrop. Jr., governor of Connect i it,titni In his will she is thus 110Wel , ' , I \She shal enjoy my now dwelling -house no long as she shill he pleased to live upon the farm.. oreharti \ At his death. in 1684, (nineteen years after his father, the ereat emigrant). we read that \Nat hap- DGUfRTER3 cF GEN. G DIANVER a 5. The town house is one of 'the hand- somest of old Salem mansions, some- times called the Cabot House, built be- fore the Revolution and preserving its fine colonial architecture by the wise remodeling of Judge Endicott. The judge himself was born in the still more notable Crowninshield house on Derby staeet, his mother belonging to that dis- tinguished family. The exclusiveness of these old aristocratic Salem families has not prevented a worthy develop- ment of public spirit in this vicinity, and the memorials of the very earliest times, from John Endicott down, are accessible to those who do but seek. It is but a charming drive to the summer home of the most distinguished representative of the Endicott family in this generation, Mr. William C. Endi- cott, the secretary of war in the first Cleveland administration, or to his Salem mansion on old Essex street. The country home In Danvers is a beautiful house set in a park like an English estate, on the Newburyport turnpike, built in 1800. and long owned by Cap- tain Joseph Peabody of Salem. Mrs. Endicott is the granddaughter of Cap. tam n Peabody. Miser's Moner„Gown tip In FlonteR. Ben Stillman. an old miser. living in Marion county, Ala., lost the savings of a lifetime a few nights ago. He had opened a box In which he kept his for- tune. about 15.000,- and was counting the money on a table with the intention of depositing It in a hank, an attempt having recently been made to soh him. While thus engaged he Imagined he heard some one trying to effect an en- trance into his house, and, rising sud- denly, he overtiatied the table, on which, beside his greetibaelis, was a kerosene lamp. The lamp exploded, burning the money, the dwelling, and all of its contents, excepting the miser, who barely escaped with his life, being go badly burned in trying to save hie treasure it Is thought he will die Sieestateary lerecentIon. First Desperado \11111 is the front gate propped open, and have you got some red pepper all ready to throw at the dog\ Second Desperado \y ea , go ahead.\ Firet De , er-radn (at front door a few moments let , t.prolecled by coat -or- mail, barge i'sitcheral mask and drum -major's Is tickle es p el am taking order , sir. for the Authorized Edition of the Horr Harvey pehnte on the Silver Question, sir.\ Rarulif• as 5Fill It is declared that men it) .1 ..), age state never, have toe tariti)( We never have seen say one with I no tooth- ache who was not I.& & savage BMW. DON'T LIKE WOMEN. FEMALE. MISSIONARIES OFFEND SOCIAL IDEAS. ! Consider Wonsan Inferior atm' tjul , •411 , Take Umbrage When They Attael. Their Religion—Conversion of Chloe -se Women A Dodos. ' a. HE d is tressing massacre of women tnissionar i e a in China has called forth many expres- sions of opinion that women should not be encouraged by the societies that organize mission- ary effort to go to posts, and happily this view means for the present, to be accepted by the societies Probably, indeed, women missionaries attract special dislike from foreign men in just the same spirit of masculine domination that actuates Wesleyans here in voting against women members of their conference. Of course to the Confucians, the Buddhists, and the Mo- hammedans their own religion is as certainly the boo and only true revela- tion from heaven as Christianity is to the missionary this may be difficult for us to realize, but it must be realized if the case is to be understood. It is of- fensive, therefore, for the honest devo- tee of one of these heathen faiths to hear his religion attacked and dee scribed as a baseless, immoral, and evil superstition. It must be doubly offen- sive to hear his faith so attacked by a foreigner of, the inferior sex while to have his own wife led to think differ- ently from himself by the other wom- an's persuasions must be additionally exasperating. This special objection of a man to have heretical teachings addressed to the females of his family, this animos- ity towards efforts made to place his women in antagonism to him, was naively expressed at the Congress of Re- ligions in Chicago. A really capital paper on Confucianism was contrib- uted by the chief secretary of the Chi- nese Legation at Washington, and even this intelligent person explained that to attempt to convert women to Chris- tianity was equally atrocious with shel- tering crime. \If such a practice es giving religious instruction directly to women and girls, or as screening the wicked from the pursuit of justice be allowed this will have the effect of driving away all who value filial piety, propriety, sincerity, truth, and recti- tude, and who have a sense of shame.\ The same writer tells us the husband is recognized in Chinese religion as the master of the wife, in the same degree • as heaven is of earth, and the sover- eign is of the subject; that the State takes no cave of female edueation, since it tests with the head of each family to do as he pleases with regard t0 its female members; and that so thorough- ly is the responsibility, and therefore the power, of the father and husband carried that the men actually bear the penalty 'of any Offenses done by the woman! \A woman burning incense in the cloisters shall be punished with stripes, but the punishment, is inflictel vicariously—namely: on the head of the family to which she belongs. This prin- ciple of the Chinese law is applicable not only to this case, but also to all vio- lations of law in which the offender is a female person.\ This is truly a lively prospect for the Chinese husbanda and fathers! No -wonder they require their women to have crippled feet In order that their goings-on may be easily supervised! No wonder that they teach their women a precept of Confucius, that Sir John Bowling thus translated: \A man should never talk about what happens his own home within: but for a woman ais a sin to know af what takes place without.\ This is enough to indicate how particularly objection- able Christian missions specially ad- dressed to Chinese women must seem to the true believer in the national reli- gion, anti how hopeless must be the \warfare\ to which the missionary so- cieties send Christian women at the peril of their lives.-- Mrs. Fenwirk-Mil- ;er In London Illustrated News Deluded or Dishonest. It is common observation that men may nave mtteh ability and muct knowledge of certain kinds, with the faculty of ready expression which Is so useful to politicians and public men. without having the power of clear and logical reasoning. They may have per- vereitiee of Intellect and defects of moral sense, whieh make them lege capable of reathing sound conclusions titan the \plain people,\ who need only to understand a subject to be about right in their judgment of it. Fanatics like Bland, of Missouri, are generally Sincere, Mit irratIoual In brains that Sri' strong but not wholly sound dein- Sinn takes a deeper Mild than in those that alai weaker hilt more nearly nor- mal. Are these able mei experienced men . µb., formed the nut -lees of the Waehingtnt silver convention and were responsible for the fiasco In which it resulted. still deluded on the subject of free coinage and its effects? The only alternative suppoeit ion IR that they are not honest, and are seeking to derive some advantage for therrieelves from ft policy that would surely he disastrous to the country Depth of the Row. Small hoys often ask their parents, \How decp is the Sea' . The Answer de- pends entirely upon the sea The fol- lowing Is hie. compiled Iv one wIt,, has inveiatIgated. may help one to the Rolla tion of on , of the small linv's problems: Average depth In yards Pacific. 4.252: Atlantic, 4,024, Indian, LARK Antarctic, 3,000: Arctic, 1,690: Mediterranean, 1,478; Irish. 240; Rnglials channel, 110; Adriatic, 41; MANUFACTURE OF MATCHES, Phosphorus Seems to Be the Only 1tetertal Available to the Trade. A commission appointed by the French Government has been investi- gating the manufacture of matches, with the object of ascertaining if there was not some substance whose substi- tution for phosphorus would render that industry one in which men and women could engage without becoming the vic- tims of horrible and fatal forms of poisoning. The commission has just made its report, and the conclusions reached by it are of great interest. There is, the commission says, nothing that can replace phosphorus as a quick and convenient means to start com- bustion. Other chemicals would, in- deed, be safer for the employes, but none of them is even approximately safe or useful from the standpoint of the public. It is evident, therefore, that the Mse of phosphorus must con- tinue; but, though that is the case, it by no means follows that the manufacture of matches must be at the cost of hun- dreds of lives every year. By using proper precautions, the commissioners declare, in the ventilation of factories, in the structure of machines and in the personal habits of the workpeople, prac- tically all the danger can be removed. In the best regulated establishments measures have already been taken that put an end to the diseases that a care- less and unscientific use of phosphorus produces in those that handle it. Ade- quate safeguards against necrosis and blood poisoning are known and in use— by some manufacturers. Others persist In the old ways, and their employes con- tinue to die, also in the old way. A startling featele of the report is its as- sertion that the match factories owned and conducted by the French Govern- ment itself are precisely those in which the conditions are the worst, while many private companies have already made their premises models of arrange- ment and method, as healthful to work in as could be desired. It has long been known that the \allumettes de -la regie\ were the worst in the world, but per- haps the labors of this bold and out- spoken commission will result in im- proving the official matches as well as the places where they are made. Carious Facts of Science. A new lead for deep sea sounding cali- f-1es a cartridge which explodes on touching the bottom. A submerged Microphone receives the sound and the depth is estimated from the time octet , - pied by the lead in sinking to the bot- tom. When leeches were kept in every chemist's shop and often in private houses their behavior was subject to constant observation, and it was gener- ally noticed that in still weather, dry or wet, they remained at the bottom, but rose, often as much as twenty-four hours in advance, before a change, and In case of a thunderstorm rose very quickly to the surface, descending when it -was past. Spiders are met With in the forests of Java whose webs are so strong that it requires a knife to cut through them. A sidder weighing four pounds, which has taken up his residence in a cathedral at Munich, regales herself with a large supply of lamp oil. A Texas spider weaves a balloon four feet long and two feet wide, which she fastens to a tree by a single thread. then marches on board with her half dozen little ones, cults the thread anti away goes the air: ship to some far distant point on the prairie. We have it on the authority of the Brooklyn Eagle that smoke never does issue from a volcano. Nor does fire. The red light seen above the crater is no flame. It is the glow of molten lava re- flected on the under side of the cloud:3 of dust. And the clouds of dust are never mixed with stroke. There are bt rats of steam eometimes, but rocks do not - burn as wood does, and give off th.s finely -divided carbon dust that we know as smoke. The pictures of eruptions In the geographies of our youth are wrong, and so are reports from Pres- cott, Ariz., that smoke is issuing from one of the peaks of the Barque linla range, thus indicatleg \that an active volcano is developing.\ A very curious phenomenon has been much commented upon in the German press, * says the Philadelphia Record. Prof. K. G. Fiedler, who has been in- vemtigating the appearance of so-called fulgurites for nmny years, has recent- ly received two specimens, which are the largest he has ever Reel) Their origin is clue to lightning striking a bank of Rand. This action of lightning is explained in the following way. The heat, of the eleetric use tnelts the quartz to it f1111(1 mass. WIllell 114.1'0111PS solid after .:tioling off. The shape Is very odd, liranehing and forking out, tapering toward the emits These ful- geritrei are hollow their entire length, the forked pride pointing downward where fonnil Thev ''re front seven to nine feet long, and their ends reached into very vvet sand, where all traces of the lightning ceased VornolllIngt NOPflPft. \IIAVe you got anything that's good for it man with a darn bad case of chronic rheitmatlam?\ inquired the sour looking enstomer at the country drug store \Yes. sir.\ replied Ga. eonselentIona dreggiet leinding him a tract entitle() \() Situ Sick Soul. Repent and lie 11,14.)1\ :1'roof hor In the f bolo Illiang R o v ,1 Murray IIRR sentenced In the )1(Mo gang In Murray ceenty, Ga., for VI1,ition if the state liquor law Ta a , clop‘,1 with a widow not long RIM Bicycles have seriously affected the pleno trade Whek a girl Is asked which she prefers for a present, a piano or a Mode, la most emits she ekes— the 14sris\. . LOTS OF FUN. But It Wasn't Quite What the Boys F.spreted. \That's all right about them British - erg,\ said a long-legged western man to a group of reporters, one of whom had told a story of how an Englishman had been fooled by some Americans on a train in the far west by a cry of train robbers. \Yes but they don't like the robber business a little bit,\ asserted the re- porter. \I reakon not.\ admitted the west- erner, doggedly. \Leastways after what I seen and felt I should say there was one, anyways, that didn't like it over- ly.\ \What did you do? Scare him out of a year's growth?\ \Well no,\ was the hesitating an- swer, \I reckon it wuzn't quite as much as that.\ \Tell us about it,\ put in the impa- tient listener. \It was this a -way,\ said the western- er, in a tone of semi -sadness. \There was about a dozen of us fellers pain' through Texas in a sleepin' car, and the only stranger in the lot was a strap - pin' big Englishman, with a voice on him like a bags drum. We got him out in the smoker, and it wasn't- mor'ii eighteen minutes till we was loadin' him up to the neck with stories of train robbers and that sort of thing. At first., he kinder quieted down a bit, becauFe we didn't tell no kind of yarns but blood curdlers, but it wasn't long till he had his second wind, and purty soon he was braggin' what he'd do if robbers happened to stop any train he was on. \That's jist where we wanted him at, and it wasn't long till we had the job put up with the conductor and the rest of the gang to stop the train and skeer that Britisher plumb to death and back ag'in. It was about 11 o'clock at night, I reckon, in a mighty lonesome place. when the train came to a stop and we heard a shot outside. That was a sign for me, and I jumped up and yelled 'robbers.' So did the other fellows, ex- cept two that somehow wasn't around. The next mlpute a big chap with his face masked stepped In where we war' and stuck his gun right at us. I throwed up my hands and so did the others, and we begged the Britisher not to kill any- body, but do like we done. He was meeker'n a lamb, and put his paws up like a baby. \Then another masked man took the place of the first one, while he went through us for our valuables, which we handed out, all but the Britisher. I never knowed jist, how it happened at this pint, but the first thing I knows4 the Britisher let his two fists go, aml the two masked men went down in a pile, and on the next lick I jined 'ern with another feller on top of me, and the dern Britisher sat flat down on the accumulation and called for the rest of the gang. Leastwise that was what I afterwards heard he said, fer I didn't know anything fer two hours, and we had to git a doctor for the first two he hit. I thought a mule kicked and they told me afterwards they thougatt lightnin' had struck the train.\ \How did he get onto your scheme?\ inquired the reporter. \Denied if we could, ever find out. I guess he didn't git on; jist kinder sus- picioned and took the chances. Ile had all the advantage, fer we couldn't shoot him, and he didn't give us time to do any sluggina\ \How did it finally come out?\ \Oh fine. When we got to the next big town we paid for a banquet in his honor, and before daylight we had cleaned him out of about $3,500 in a quiet little game of draw upstairs.\ — Washington Star. EXCHANGE. I find that nonsense at times is singularly refreshing.- Taileyrand. Hardin must think that Kentucky platform is us merry-go-round.—Toledo Bee. Love makes the world so rouniabut it will not make the eligible young mon go round. Puck. As a last resort In her desire for no toriety Zella Nicolaus might pose as a Holmes victim.—Washington Post. It might be as well to remark parem thetically that beer and the bicycle do not mix. Philadelphia Press. Don't criticise a woman unless yone are sure that you will never want to marry her. --New York Evening Sun, RELIGION AND REFORM. John G Woolley Is prominently men tioned as the probable candidate of the prohibition party for president in 1896 General Booth held a Salvation Army service In the King's Gardens, Copen- hagen, at which there was an attend- ance of 6.1100 people An ha -year -old missionary In Texae, making his report of it recent month's work, laments that owing to had weath- er he was able to preach only 31 tlinca. Last year 242 different young women and girls found help and situation. through the Anchorage Mission of chicago, where 2.1s5i lodgings we , f` given. Jewestspe of St 1.0111s have formed tie Sisterhood of Personal Service, a ('hilt it able organization whieh will care fie the poor of their own denomination and educate their children The government of lielgitim, alarmed by the ravages of the liquor traffic, has ordered that In all achool rooms a -printed placard shall be illepleyed de- tailing the injurious effeeto of alcohol A mIseionary preacher records the fact that a voting woman school teacher, with a salary of 11.000 a year, Is living on half of it and giving the other half for the support of a missionary in China. In 1812 all chreolan teaching Wlir prohibited In India Now the govern- ment, In appreciation of missions, gives large sums and valuable lands tar the erectlen.414 hospltals'and the forward - lag of ailvestfea said sno. tu • , . 0 'tiPA

The Wickes Pioneer (Wickes, Mont.), 02 Nov. 1895, located at <>, image provided by MONTANA NEWSPAPERS, Montana Historical Society, Helena, Montana.