What is this?
Optical character recognition (OCR) is an automated process that converts a digital image containing numbers and letters into computer-readable numbers and letters. The search engine used on this web site searches OCR-generated text for the word or phrase you are looking for. Please note that OCR is not 100 percent accurate. If the original image is blurry, has extraneous marks, or contains ornate font styles or very small text, the OCR process will produce nonsense characters, extraneous spaces, and other errors, such as those you may see on this page. In addition, the OCR process cannot interpret images and may ignore them or render them as strings of nonsense characters. Despite these drawbacks, OCR remains a powerful tool for making newspaper pages accessible by searching.
/ v • In' WICKES PIONEER. VOL. 1. \Free Coinage of Gold and Silver at the Ritio of 16 to 1.\ WICKES,iIONTANA, SATURDAY. NOVEMBE1! 9, 1895. NO. 14 THE Wickes Hotel, 'Wickes, Montana. We have recently secured control of this house and have fitted it up with new fur- niture from top to bottom. CLEAN ROOMS, NEW BEDDING, Table Surpassed By None. The only place between Helena and Butte where a first class meal can be had for 50c. RATES: $1.50 Per Day. Special terms made to those desiring reg- ular board. THE Wickes Hotel. Wickes, Montana. (ON 'THE 'STAGE NOW. THE SILVER CAUSE CAN NOT BE 'QUIETED DOWN- 'Rew•the Anthor Demme IntereateA hitire Stoney question—Ills Drama Fonuded on \('ala's Financ lel Schoor•-- 1 1A. J Bryan is Prototype. ^ • The free silver cause has found ex- Pressien through the medium of the drama. The man who has had the cour- age to put his arguments upon the stage Is Mr. Fitzgerald Murphy, who has hitherto written along conventional lines. His play is called \The Silver Lining.' The play was first produced at the Chicago opera house some weeks ago, and created somsahing of a sensation, the theater being packed to the deans the last three nights of the engage- ment, when it had become known that a most daring play had been brought out. Mr. Murphy acknowledges \Coin's Fi- nancial School\ as the basis of his play, and on the opening night Mr. Harvey, the author of that remarkable work. was called upon, as he sat in the box, to say something about the relation of the play to his theories, and he de- clared that the drama represented the spirit of \Coin\ \most magnificently.\ and believed that its influence upon the silver cause would be great. Mr. Murphy is a young Irishman who made play writing an avocation. wheat his vocation was the newspaper profes- sion. He .was for a time on the staff of the New York World. Ile is a nervous, energetic young man, an enthusiaatic silverite, and believes that, although his play treats of current politics, it Will nevertheless be a great success. When asked how he became interested in the silver question as a basis; for a pity. W. Murphy replied: \Through instinct, I suppose. T no- ticed that those who uphold tlw single Kohl standard are mostly hankers, beneficiaries of the big trusts, stock- holders of the big insurance companies, bondholders and mortgage sharks -all money lenders, non -producers, who live on the money created by the wealth producer, the laborer. I haul not in common with them. The men who fa- vor free silver are mostly of my own stripe men who work for a living. I never earned a dollar for which l did not give an equivalent. The laborers' struggles and aspirations are my own. As a dramatist I consider the heart- aches of humanity my best material. The producers favor free silver, and I am instinctively wit It them. \But my aggressive interest is a re- sult not only of my instinctive prefer- ence, but of a eclentifle investigation of the Subject. A year ago I own( ii a Weekly newspaper out in Los A navies. When the seigniorage bill had passed both branches of congresra thanks to that grand son of Missouri, 'Dick' ONE OF THE MEN Ala° OWN Till.: GOLD Bland. and was vetoed by that arch gold monometallist Grover Cleveland, 1 studied the money question so as to be able to Intelligently illarliss the (owe - Hon editorially I read John Stuart Mill. David Ricardo. General Frauds A. Walker's 'Money' and the magnifi- cent speeches of Senators John I'. Joint; and W. M. Steeart and Representative W. J. Bryan, the last named being a prototype of my hero.\ \Did you read Secretary Carlisle's silver speech'?\ \Yes said Mr. Murphy, \and he is the name Carlisle rho is now cuckooing for gold—the same Carlisle who first eharacterized the demonetizstion of sli- ver as 'the crime of '73.' In his apeeeh to the house of representatives In IA78 he said that 'the demonetization of sil- ver was the most gigantic crime of this or any ether age: it would cause mdre suffering than It one-half of all the Movable property, including railroads and ehipplag, wee &Mr*, ed at a blow.' \This quotation, in the light of his recent speeches at Memphis and Cov- ington, is a sad commentary upon the undermining of a statesman by the in- sidious influences of money and office in the cabinet of the puppet of the plu- tocracy . . “On my way from Denver to New York last spring 1 picked up a copy of 'Coin's Financial School' on the train. That chance reading of Mr. Harvey's hook is responsible for nty play, 'The Silver Lining.' On page 112 of that re- markable book are two little pen -and - ink sketches, respecaively called, 'One of the Men Who Own the Gold' and 'One of the Men Who Own the Com- modities.' The 'first picture represents a prosperous looking, sleek capitalist. and the other a poor, poverty-stricken farmer, sadly looking at a notice of sheriff's sale on his fence. Those two little pictures suggested the foundation for an American social play, showing the conflict between the money lender and the money producer. I believe the stage should be as powerful it factor in the education of the public as the pul- pit, the newspaper or general litera- ture. In my play I treat the silver question simply at a moral proposition —a question of justice in our commer- cial relations. The money question can be easily reduced to a few simple truths. If you limit the supply of money it becomes dear, increases its purchasing power over wealth -produc- ing labor and commodities. Measured by the accepted standard—gold—prices fall, and when they fall money in- creases in value, can buy more, and the owners of money enrich themselves cor- respondingly. When the producer is exchanging his property for that money he must give up more, for just as money appreciates in value, prices decrease in an adverse ratio. The material of which money is mane is no more a _k NtRIFI: s7 _ a tereese. • • ONE OF THE MEN WHO OWN THE COMMODITIES. standard of value ti an is the material of which a clock is made a standard of time. The money lenders of the world have cornered the gold, and have succeeded in having a law enacted to prevent our using silver as fundament- al money of redemption whereby we can break that. corner. The single gold standard iti slowly and insidiously MI- dermining our American indepentlimets The gold standard newseapers of Chi- cago have ridiculed my play and abused me; but ridicule anti abuse are not ar- guments. I expect no quarter from gold standard newspapers, and 1 give no quarter. In 'The Silver Lining' I show how cert alit of the gold papers are sehsidized by the gold pos. - ere. Naturally. I ant not a favorite with the gold press Ohl Pattie. I nit.. I,, K•natch The republiean end democratic emit- ma tees In Seward ionnty. Kan., hay, united In a call for a joint eonventiop They det'lare this step ! mitessary In order to defeat the populists It Is reported that the same combination of the two wings of the plutocratic party will take pint.. in other part , : of Kan- sas. This IS the natural iaaj aaa o f events. When , ver ;Mil wherever the populist part) gets strong enough to carry a state then and there the old parties will unite to defeat them. for this reason: There is absolutely no difference of principle or policy be- tween the Iwo old hairnet. They are both ruin and controlled In the inter- ests of the hanker,\ and monopolists. As long as the plutociats ean keep the people divided, half and half in the old parties, they will not care much which one of the two wings of thelr political party la elected. hut the moment a party like the populist. which differs radically In principle and policy from the other tam and Is in the Interest of tho peoplt . as against the mou nt ., lists, at ises. then if the money power cannot twat them wall the two wings of its part, separately If will combine them jest as it did araltint the KnigIsts of Labor II' het with Henri George at Its head in New York Itt 18Sti, an t i J os , as 11 has (lone In lames of other cabs agalnet the Knights ef Labor when they develop strength iautigh to earn an election. This Is it good object le...on for the voters In those s!atee wh ere t h e two old part tea are still , urparate.l. The democratic workingman wan is n ow fighting the tiemoc..ats n list PCP from thin that it in onD a fillf ;non of time when V. mutters will force him Into the same camp of the party be is new fighting. Workingmen. ehake off your slarery to the old patty bootees and march nnt Into political liberty, IRRIGATION MATTER. Th• Plello•Ophy of Irrigation. The word . irrigation. when stated or read by persons who are not acquainted with the method by which plants Nee and grow, is to a certain extent mysti- fying and confusing. Yet ell classes of plant, live by irrigation. '1'lle great proportion of plants that have had uncertainty could be easily overeieue They will be used to light the homes, is not entertained. Their fathers and to heat. I lie rooms, cook the food esti • perform various tasks among the farm graudfathers had always obtained homes of the oountry before many their livelihood and sutisistenee by years shall clause, for the march of thews chance inethoda, oaoy shoold . e ti ll e e ( s .t e rli tS a tr i mi l a u l. ' s ) millsve in e: i t l is iii ra t Lit t i, and they seek to avoid the chances taken ood by their forefathers? Vet if they will tittle touting be attached to electrical look earefully into the methods and machines that will perform an immense means by which leeriness of every amount of Niork for the people of the aliaraeter is now iteiu eouducted. I nation, awl life be made pleasanter, they will see that humanity is ao and more enjoyable than at the ores - their origin in humid climates require longer taking the Maniacs diet' were eta day. Verbatim they will mautifac- a large atuoaut of water to ilia them sicetiaatneti to risk in the days of their teat the eleetrieity that. tire farmers to iseettre their normal growth anti grandfathers. Geraiti pasaengers no will use to haul their plows and eulti- productivenest. irrigation is the longer are univipelled to plate the vat ors aet•oss the fields. to linail their methoul by which all plants maintain their ci latency, for is ithi,utit water there would be no plant life. '['he rains that, fall front tire heavens sink into 'Ake soil, when the roots tif manta reach out and take up this moisture and convey it upward into the struo- Lure of the plaut Planar are entirely if organio atm- %traction. 'fhe moisture absorbed and drank into their system contains tier - lain mineral or chemical elements. These elements having been conveyed into different portions of their strue- tore by thin moisture drawn from the eartri remain within and build on the plait t. The moist n re thus draw n from the earth. passes off through the pares or opening's that are found in plants as well aft animals, awl is returned to thar atmosphere. !f a sufficient atnount of nmisture can not he olitialined by the meats to supply the demand made upon them by the exuurnal portions of plants a slow growth is the result. When stifile:ent moisture is obtained to satisfy the demand made by the atruetiwal organization, and sunshine anti other elettleUta AvOrli ill accord, a 'splendid growth is the tientilt. All plants feed thro.igh what they drink, and the ehemical eletneuts taus ab- sorbed become the body an' the !geed of Ili'. plant life. Water, therefore, is indispensable. If too meek water exists in the soil the etfeet is almost as in- jurious as too little. Nebraska. owina to its geogrataiical and climatic situation. oetaipies a position wnere a greater adventage can be taken of youditione that, make the growing ta crops a success than any other state in the anion. Irriga- tion, or the proper feeding of Monts, becomes difficult in It taut regions, where as yet man has not been able. to cotitrol the. rainfall for in these loca- tiona any artificial irrigation la liable to be supriemented by heavy rain- falls, and too maid' water may be de- posited around the roots of plants sod retarlett rather than advanced. The greater aorta,' of rite area of the \'tate lies within the same humid belt. Where, during the growing -eason, the rainfall is Teter excessive 'Nth: offers to the farmer Who tin II , or .•ontrolm any 'astern by whi di au artificial sup - lily min lie applied ta him growina i•rop tar ;Lily an tage t aflt is 110t possessed Icy any Other Itatality. In irrigated sections of Ameriea where rriaation is in operation the farmer, as a 'rule must start hit crap 'ii' irriaation. I tu fain -fifths of the area of Neleataka this weillt1 not be necessary. tithonaii in Mollie eases it wofilvi be beneficial, for in this state the rainfail takes place very largely in the iliatitlis of February. Maroh, April, May it nil .1 tine, with showers in July an August :aid auh oecasinaal %tamer or ram in the fajl or winter months' tint named. This gives an ad- , antage to the irrigator that canhot catenlated. As a ride there is is .•er taint) of a crop. hot af ivhat amonnt it is hard to eatiniute. Hut by having at hand an stipply of water Is, be applied at the proper time and in proper quantitie% Matterine crops etiuld ire raised every year. '1 he toil of Nel.rn , :lin is of that character Duet ,luring the months of July anu Auigumst it eatinot I.e .':o' iv overloaded %Nail water, or. to vise n nautiaal !Prin, be come water-iii t ssed. t This atlyautage at also supplemented by tile intense heat that often preealla (hiring these months and makes evanorat ion rapid and in ter se. 'I he aat ion of heat alio° p.ant is preeisely the a:vivie iii, itA aet1011 main anituale. Mestere must lie obtairieti to supply toe taint thus ereated. The thirsty Matta calls for ‘miter. he row'. respond. the water conveys Iii the plantar the chemical elements af the soil, that have mien ululated through the disintegration of either 'plants or earths that. 'pay h a ve their existenee in these locaiitien A healthy plant revvelVest from the earth threugh ih•im. a large :animal tif fiwid. T1, plant having lteen well fed mnitke a eroportiona'e growth. wait the result. where room of any char tater are grown. Geist. liraiy and es eessiye y teals of corn eat • Wheat and barley. as well as otier that tire included in • he II:1111e ,.f ' , •getatiles. are retie fled the f;.rwer for hia itihor and time The ne. essay for propel li feeding plants ii \ei,. asIct is Pot ari practii•nl. it.tht ft v as vreat profits will be rect.:v...1 vs from I lie carefni And intelligera feed ate ht hawses. eat, - the or swine \ et t it mi 'rage farmer leaves Ha% feeding of crops largely iliance Ile takes the risks that are .nvoired In the actions of the element that make tip the at, mayhem It may ha a ra•het severe t erm to s p r ay v et in either hnon•al or semi -humid regina, the farmer gam- bles on the rainfall Ile beta his time. money and labor on [be honed for shower that- he pray it may come and give him overflowing bins anti cribs. With many tat m•rw the ides that this helves at the mercy of the within. 'hue g, ains to railroads • if radroathi of the great ship 'goes 'flawing- its way ' present day estist in that, good time througii the water s regardless of the coming. Rut in that, time to be tarn - vi ulls and waves. alai passages are ers will exercise the saline eare in feed - made from harbor to liarlam With a ing their plants anti crops as the iiest of tarrniers max use in feeding their horses, eattle and hogs. 1. A. Fori. certainty and uniform tegularay that is 'Men lllll enal. Hunitreds of other You ations that in the days of our orand- fathers e ere atibjected to the mercy of the uncoutrolled elements of nature are today earried on NA if IN a steadiness Drialna Seven Hundred sad riftara and regularity equal to this ocean nava ' Thowtatol Mlles ut Irouritrj. igation. anti sure and oretitable re- Ta t , great Chinese river whicli turns are derived that make the esti- n rises in the mountaitts of Tibetk mate tirst aaleulated 01...‘ 11 r • with an : attains nearly 71a, 000 square miles oi a f it a l s m i . u .n:i:e m f r t.a , s ol l . n f:fal l ulay in u ir tan, n itTa ila s; r r i e t t . maTuhtre utitUflI 'f - ,.. e ,.. tore to themselves this I before reaehing the i405. That 11101 flows for 3,2110 miles, higher reaches of the river ahoy( i'initigkitig have been seidout :feet& by Europeans, and what information ws have aboia them in mainly deriveti front the Jesitit priesta and missions aries who have for many years heel sprawling farther and farther into Di , . interior. Trm lower reaelitia how- ever, are thoroughly well known, nod for 600 miles up, as far as Hankow, ers of the country admit tote truth of every mile of the river is almost as the statement before referred to. The fnmilinr to Europeans out there as the regularity in crop retures if they will avail theinaelves of the advantages that, they have at hand to thus insure Li-) their ousincss these advantages. In certain soils subsiiihng anti deep plowing no inueli to maintaili that uniformity. But the feeding of or, by the 111e:ilia of .rrigation Iv:s- tems vihi nearl) in every ease bemire the as erage maximum yield for the year. ‘Ve will presaime that the farm - tinestion arises, where are the inven- tions and improvements that. eau be secured to enaule them ti obtain them!, results\' irrigation has alwayri been oarried on lay the means of canal sys- tems, and thousands of farmerS will at once assert. and that truthfully— that no canal system can be con- ntructeii sothat water can he eonveyed to their Iambi, anti in huitnmd regions canals are impractical, except small canals that are 'used to votive , / water CHINA'S GREAT RIVER. Thames is to us at home says Die London Globe. Owing. to the wonderful abundance Of water in the river, according to Electrieity, sea -going steamers are, during certain months of the yeai. able to get right up to Haukow; and when the ri \ ea. is low oommunivation is kept up by a splendid line of steamers, very similar in size anti build to those plying on the river, a short distance, yet in the humid and The navigation of the lower Yangtsp semi- humid regious there are than - is without. doubt the most, wondetful sanda of places wher•e water can he piece of pilotage in the world, as it is taken front the stream* , by the means 600 miles long. and paseci through of hydraulic. rates and earried into innumerable shoals. whii•li are cou- rt-seri/oils. and thence instribitt ed I1Ver lineally shifting. The pilots have to be very many y tetra on the river be- fore they -an he properly qualified to take largo ocean steamers through sueh an intricate water way, especial - 0., emu , except the price of a few hetet , y as the eargoes of these vessels are Of axle grease annually, can Ire matte i to lift a large invariably of immense value, and in amount of water that the season quick dispatch and absence can be conveyed out over the fields of delay is every thing. The junks, while passing no and down the river have to pay \likin' dues to the different viceroys whose province., they pass through; and in case any attempt is made to evade the ex -a tortion they soon find themselves !based by the little armed gum -boats which ere always lying in wait at the -litchi - stations. From Illukiang to men a heti partridge fliittered Op and ran between his feet. It was 01.101 is strange thing for so wild a bird to do she sitt‘ he aro not moving. She re prated these maneuvers until she ieti him tit a hemlock tree, and there, ill a the harms N% here retjuired for feeilina the crops. There are thousands of tither location. Where the eurrent- water lilts, or Egyptian irrigation wheel can be set. in a stream, anti at that will he irrigated. These wheels elle he wattle hy any farmer who is uoesessee of any ineehartival skull. A wheel thin* wonlif not eost over one hundred Madan, can be made to irri- aate front fifty to .me hundred aeres annually Probably the greatest await that will be :used for !meet. for irrigation purposes will be the wind. that Will at no late day become the servant f the farmers of the ,.00ntry to an exlent Hankow the yountry hecotnea very that triey toda) have no comprelien- flak and in seeson of flood it is noth- hiOn of- Iluiriimn.t die last Its -it Set\ lug short of mar% elotis to see the isnot.- ereat improvements have beet, made mous extent of eountry tinder flood. in windmills. As an example n coin. Although over :i00 miles from the 'tartans' based on actual reports re - sea. the water reaches in S01110 places eeived and af•ttlai WOrk it,, is being per- formed by these new wind engines - I vile Of 1'',- new twelve -foot irrigation svtliltiii Is has tale pourer to perform More us irk titan tiie of the old tweite- foot farm mills These IIVW Mill% are actually doing- this to iii) in Nebraska. The meant by which this great ad. to the hortzon on hoth sides, mid junks sail over what a month before was a green eultaated tract of it/un- to. Navigation at these Llama is cv. tretnely difficult. but so experienced are the pilots that a mishap is almost. unknown, in spite of the fa/a that a varae in power has been semired has few isolated clumps of trews or mounds been brought about by greatly inereas i are the only leading marks for them lug the strength mei us eight of t 11101', adjusting the fans so that there to steer by. shall ae nit slip to thy wind when it ariken ale face of the mill, hut that ASKED FOR AID. to, pressure shall be steady and tini- A Fartr That Appe•led to a wa• far forma' Fiala eighty per cent of the f force of the Witiot us th is titilizeti. Prot•v•han. Thee t hese mil Is are geared hawk 'tis it Pennsylvania farmer was palm- s° that there ',hail ire two and -a half imug I lirmigh a patch of wood last sum - to three revuottions of the wl eel to one stroke of the pump thereby Indira plying the power tif lie mill. They are imou'i's',ftrul Intuit .4 the heat of that the farmer thought the partridge tir they 'amid nat stand the was biintl. Sc, he stooped er to lien.Yy • train. nar • lie great velocity - with ' whi „ h they ore ii l,ucs'ed tn run, pick her up, and then . he Jailed the tartan t hand at all, for jest to iio was Thei are adjusted so teat they can lie hen\ back iin' kept. Noe to the . wind in about to grasp her site darted ',award as lagli aa a fortvanile Wind, so that the brush heap from whIch tio had the rav tier eau get the fell benefits of Keen her emerge, stopped at, tit... edge the -heaviest of the gales that h 10 \ . of it and looked luaok, over tee reentry Tee low ere are also Presently she ran at the man agaiii, bitilt lies % y alirle iron ar steel and with her wings down, eleeking %mit- a \ r a ', 1e h \\, 4 '\ heavY fitatalV P0111 Spileftridg to h4N In gr at O h r 1101•10... , ne Ile V '011fer15 on us met) distress about something. The f armee the new mills are vita ''ii have also about. tive times tile 1111religth of the witils'O I° the edge of the \oPse , tilt r old farm mill steel tower of the s a w,. I the partridge flew ahead and alighteti mire will., . on the ground two or three rods be wi e d in ai wimps haw- also under yond, winging her Way back When ir. - ote 3 great 111111I there new a•e ore, tug vvilillpa rani: fag III size from ani t., flairfeen itiv Ilea in diameter. with Strohea ing (rem little curve made hy the roots. 110 saw ten tn ' 1\ \\ melt \' \v \ Ica \ \ f a nest full of egg.. At the same tine, the new wills and pittort from one to he saw a blacksnake in the act of oneatna a half :ear feet iir water ttin swallowing one of the eggs, and under - feet, lifted in one day, it' 41.:Ati cable f eet. cob, feel snob a mill atoOd the reason for the partridge's liana,r roller tif the &mantas named aetions. moult' a I igaite frain %ix ty to earittY He hunted up a Cillh and killed the titre% tif 'anti easily if a reservo r make. relates Golden Days. As soon was pros' i I 101 i 111 lust I 1 , 1 Hipus atAw, as the Partridge saw that the snake so it con .d he dust ri billevi a Iv''. I or if was motionlrgc she iwased her nopm the watt., ...ere pall :pet out And and hid in the hushes. The man went loved u, Inn rtt er the land in 'tie away, and in a half sin hour crept, winter a larger area email ir- near enoinill to the iree lo see the figated for lavf ve\ . N. little witfv•I be required in 1.11111Ter if lute land Isere part ridge eating on the nest as though %sell honked during the wirter, nothing hail happened. Extra sired wells will be reputed, however, if these mid% and pumps are 'tacit', and the pump Is ili necessarily have to he at. ungly Stayed and braced. Set ausenrs'ely and in line with the pumping rata , or breakages and wear will (aorta and damage result, Them. new mills are merely the forerunners of certain oonvenieneee sad improve inept,' 11151 will ta time be seen in the Inaproantatar 1st set -You never rill hat money, !key, if you) dond vas eat your apple\ nearer de core se dot. lkey Bud, fodder, dot apple yea vermy. Israel --Vat! Yon pay a sorely bp ple, mein eon? Yoe mill die la liar homes iif the farmers Of tb• land. beerbenee, sur e! Truth