The Wickes Pioneer (Wickes, Mont.) 1895-1896, November 09, 1895, Image 6

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s IN FAR OFF JAPAN. JOHN A. COCKRILL WRITES OF THE COUNTRY. The VorrIgit °hams— Story of the ',hikin g of the 1 uit. , .1 State. Meunier tioeldo by is I reb..lieroos English Captain. (4). Yokahoma Correspondence. j HE foreign ceme- tery In Yokohama is well worth visit- ing and stud> lug. It is a picturesque spot. covering the north side of what is known a: the \Bluff.\ It is ter- raced and beauti- fully kept, the fol- iage being pecu- liarly attractive. . Although the cemetery has been in existence nearly forty yeare, it does not contain one neglected grave, such is the excel- lence of the care -taking. A cosmopoli- tan spot is this quaint and mournful graveyard. Within the enclosure one finds the graves of men of all the na- tions that ever had touch withJapan. The humble sailor sleeps beside the for- eign minister. the Catholic besnie the. dissenter, the \early Detchmeit beside the Spaniard whose ancestors plowed the main when his were searchili for the gold of the Orient. We find re every form of mortuary tablet and memorial architecture, each following national characteristics as near as pos- eible. On one imposing stone we find ,nlvilized -we:MI—no place more than in \Eng;ande where inhumanity upon the seas is ever decried and chivelry for) ever exalted—and today he is in ob- livion. But the craven's name should be graven tmon the shaft in the Yoko- hama cemetery, to the end that futur( gedetations may learn to hate his kind Ns for the Bombay, she lies. I am told .• g.n.tatti AL. : the :tenet or .1 man wbo died in London, an Englishman. who directed at his death that his body be cremated and the ashes sent to the Japan he loved so well. And here they are. Epitaphs may here be read in Russian, Italian, Dutch, Spanish, German, English and nearly all the known languages. In one section sleep the officers and men who have died In the service of the Pa- cific Mail Steamship company. In an obscure corner one is reminded by the gravestones of our naval vessels who have teom time to time visited this sta- tion—the Tennessee, the Iroquois, the Piseataqua, the Hartford, etc. One poor fellow from the steamship Ocean sleeps beneath a slab upon which some inspired poet, doubtless of the marine variety, has Inscribed the following rhythmic drivel: \A pain of sickness gave the fatal blow. The stroke was certain, but the effect was slow. With wasting pain Death found me sore oppressa. Pitied my sighs and kindly gave me rest.\ The graves of men predominate here. 4or the founding of this God's acre was 'In the day when few women of the weetern world came hither. But the twee of graves, the floral tributes, the bits of offerings all tell to -day of liv- ing woman's tenderness and undying love. Thp most conspicuous object in this sadly beautiful cemetery, with its deep sense of loneliness which springs from the contemplation of the graves of those who die in distant lands, un- eoticed, unloved mayhap, is the gran- ite pyramid erected in memory of the - officers anti crew of the United States steamship Oneida. who met cruel fate 'in these waters twenty-five years ago. The massive block is hemmed with a chain swung from anchors at the four corners of the plot and within the en- closure are commenfOrative stones above the remains of three officers whose bodies were recovered. Many Japanese admireraeerfbe t United States take a mournful/intereas s in the spot, and more than ctnce memorial services have been held by them In honor of the poor wanderers of the nese‘ho were engulfed with the ill-fated Oneida. ''One touch of nature makes the whole world kin\ is realized here. On one tide of the pyramidal shaft. in bold, black letters. is this inscription: In Memory of the Officers and Men Who Went Down with the It. S. S. Oneida, When That Wesel Was Stink Whilst Ho ward Bound By thelliteamehip BOMBAY, In Yield° Bay, Japan, Jantuar 24th,' That is it; coldly frank and candid, but history. And history, too, which 4 should not be forgotten so long as he- man indifference and cruelty upon the FPRA remain to be detested and exe- crated. This is the story . The man- , .)f -war Oneida had been on the Asiatic station something more than her , al - totted time. Lying In Yokohama harbor. ehe •eceived her welcome recall. All was glee and happiness among the good fellows who s had been yearning for home anti its delights. The home - pennant was run up, hasty visits ware paid to (Honda on sister ships. Were drunk, jolly songs were sting and in tbe gathering twilight the an , tuo, ...ere hove, and the Oneida went boonditig down the hay to 111111sie of band anti ,,lee Never did vesssl carry happier hearts nor rho!, hope buoyed erew The night thlokeneut. anti there was a breath of gale In the puffing wind A few miles down Yet low Ray the English steamship Dom 41,e - 41 , to„ I Iran , WI:-!; _fee '\Gt bay, carrying malls and bolted in. swept wildly down upon the Oneida, Wounded her to death and rolled on to haven. The heavy wooden war ship, as if struck by a bolt of lightning, careened. filled and plunged to the bottom, carry- ing with her nearly the entire crew. Commander Edward P. Williams and Lieutenant Commander Alonzo W. Muldaur went down with brother of- ticerti, firemen, sailors and the twituty- five tails and midshipmen who had helped a moment before to fill the ship with song. Scarce a boat's crew was Bevel. A passenger on the Bombay, who saw the whole quarter ripped from the Oneida, in the fierce collision, leaped front her deck into OA lighted wardroom of the war ship and saw her officers, with toasting glasses in their hands, as death reached for them. The piteous voices of some of these poor floating fellows were ringing on the night air when the captain of the Bom- bay, who never halted to see the harm he had done, was -steaming into l'oko- hama harbor, to subsequently dee e over a glass of whisky in a 001111: \I run down a Yankee awhil ago, and it served hint damned bloody well right.\ The heartless brute! There was talk of misplaced lights on the Oneidin mistaken signals and too Much conviviality, and the !spite] captain of the Bombay. with a few inches of water in hisethip's forward compartment, in- dulged in the usual talk about his fears concerning the safety of his own ves- sel—the customary excuse of the sea coward—and his neglect to Inquire after . the condition or his victim was palliated by a lefeird of hurley. BM his name was execrated throughout the For this reason he is highly acceptabli and desirable. Foreign bredtnnimaitl require great attention, feeding and grooming. I am satisfied, from my ex- perience, that the native breed of horses trinot be satisfactorily inbred with foreign horses—at least, it would re- quire many patient years to produce anything like satisfactory results.\ JOHN A. COCKRILL. ROBBED OF ALTAR PLATE. Sating/We Chalice. -and Clboriums Are Stolen from Catholic Churches. (Chicago Correspondence.) The work of robbing Catholic churches in the city still continues Thursday night two edifices were plun- dered of chalices and ciboriums, antt the thieves left no clew behind. At St. Bridget's church, Archer avenue and Church place, the thieves broke opes the closet in the altar where the sacred plate containing the sacrament was kept. A chalice and eiborium were taken, the sacrament being thrown oa the floor. Rev. Daniel M. J. Dowling, the parish prieta. had taken every pre- caution tO guard against the thieves, who had been plundering so many churches, but it was without avail. The value of the property taken from St. Britiget's Church is $500. The same gang probably visited St. 4/ Joseph's French church, 2033 Joseph street, Brighten Park, and there removed a chalice and two ciboriums, the total value of the plate being $750. Rev. Father La Sage, the parish priest, was much chagrined at the loss, as he had taken extra care to guard the church property. Koin ribberies were report- itarrolOspay.\.. 0 . t ed to the Brighton Park police, but offi cers detailed on the case failed to find any trace of the thieves. The pollee arc - convinced that in order to apprehend the thieves it will be necessary to place a guard at each Catholic church in the .city, and this will doubtlers be done within a few days. SHE IS NOT A POLITICIAN. Whatever Else the New Momdn May Be She Is Certainly Not That. From the Buffalo Express: My only excuse for telling a political story be- tween campaigns is that I heard ibis by an officer of the Petrel. resting and particular anecdote just the other day, decaying on the shore of Woosung, Last fall a new woman set out to China, dishonored in her very name. There is much that is pathetic on the stones of this quaint burial ground. Many of the memorials are set up by sailor friends, and, in their eccentric crudeness, tell of sincere sorrow. The royal marine sleeping under his in- scriptipn—enill was a good one\— testifies to loving comradeship; andl godfather, a Democratic warhorse, a ticket. Her first call was on her (ten how pathetic is the story of the' little man who has worked and held office boy from Rockwell, in far-off Maine, whose mother has written upon his tomb: \ 'Tis but a little grave, but, oh, have care, For world-wide hopes are hurled there; How muelr of light, how much of joy, Is buried with a darling boy!\ Speaking to United States Minister Dun recently of the inadequacy of the Japarese horse. he reniarked that he had made a pretty complete study of that animal, and had concluded they nothing could be done for him. Mr. Dun came out to Japan 'twenty odd years ago under the auspices of Horace Capron, and in conjuuctIon with him had charge of a great stock breeding farm up in Yezo. Coming from Madi- son county, Ohio, the finest stock rais- ing district north of the Ohio river. Mr. proselytize. She was a very young new woman, well satisfied with her own po- litical (lisability. but strongly deter- mined to make converts for the party to which he fancied she belonged. She was particularly interested in a certain candidate running on the Democratic for the Democratic party for many years. . 0efatht r.\ began the new woman, \I want to get some votes for a friend of mine. He is a perfectly lovely man and I want you to promise to vote for him.\ \Maudie.\ eplied the old l man, who naturally 1/tonight that the girl was ask- ing him to make an exception In favor of a Republican, from his lifelong habit of voting the straight 'Democratic ticket. \you know I wouln do almost anything for you, but I can't go back on my party.\ !dandle pleaded and pleaded, until finally her godfather relented so far es to ask who the favored candidate might be - - Why. Judge Blank, of course. ' an- swered Metulle in some surprise, theugh Dun was well equipped for his work. It is to this that the newspaper corre- his name had not been mentioned up to spondents refer when they speak of that time. T Mr. Don as \a former employe of the he old man's face was a study for a Japanese government.\ This model stock farm in Yezo embraced at one time 30,000 acres tinder fence. A num- ber of foreign horses. including Per- cherons. were imported. and every at- tempt was made to cross the native ponies. hut with little sticeess. The ex- periment, which cost the imperial government a considerable sum of money, was finally abandoned, and for all practirable purposes it was a failure. In accordance with an ancient rule, the equine species in Japan is to this day maintained upon a plan which confines the brood mare to one district and the males to another. One never sees a mare in harness in Tokyo or Yoko - ham , Geldings are not known. All the 'et -.e• employed in the army for cavalr% Artillery or transportation per - posies ;tie entire; therefore, that most majestic of spectacles in physical na- ture. \a fighting man riding on a stal- lion - tilde the Kentucky philosopher), is quite common in Japan. Mr. Dun said to me: \Alain* from military pur- poses the pony of Japan seems to till all requirements. Carriage riding and horseback riding are chiefly affected by foreigners. For farming purposes the horse is little required. The coolies and their Arts for light hauling are aufnelent. and for heavy work the big. Idack bullock Is, wholly atiettente. The late war demonstrator] the fat I that the Japanese ponies are by no meana the hardy. tough Animals that they have at ways been suppose to be. They Altai from expnaure In great numbers. TheN could not in the heavy pork expected ernong ott now,\ Raid One Pittsburg of them •bollt fifteen m ea is as much lawyer to ;mother \Yes - was ;ne re - as a Japanese pony can ijn the way of ply What relation is she to tis--111 travel In a tint He ran liVe on straw. Igniter Inene • ' Pittsborg Chroniole- and he rewilrea vont tittle attention Telegraph while. Then he chuckled softly to him- self and said: \Girlie have I to be asked at my time of life to support a nominee of my own party! Don't you know that Judge Blank is a Democrat and I am a Democrat?\ Butt Maudie hail burst into tears. \I think ton are a mean. horrid old man not to have told me that when I began to talk! How wa.,s I to know fo what nasty old party you belonged. I think polttit s are just awful!\ And the fromising political career of one new wchnan ended right there. Ile.r.e for at Peddler's Cart, . The :tAtitte# haa always had tie repu- tatian for being an ingenkeis foliate. He has be. n credited with doing a great many things he never did. and he has done a good many thInge he has never been credited with. Hut it recently de- volved upon a real Vermont sankee to buy a second-hand hearse and turn it into a peddler's tart He fixed It over a little, boarded, up the .ndes and \daubed\ a little red paint in several places to take off the funeell air He also took off the plumes and built t canopy over the driver's seat. A Ifenweeke.11 \A hero of a hundred battles!\ She cried, admiring him through her teats. Indeed. I rup,' he min - toured sadly, ' Far I've been married twenty yeata.\ 'Well se have a feminine attorney AIRSHIPS LIKE A DUCK NAVIGATES AIR OR SEA AND GLIDES OVERLAND. Al Least, That Is What Is Claimed -- '11,1. Eateat Ambitutois Iiisentor Would opy the Flight of Birds— ontrolled by a Motor. HE ancient astron- omers who named the constellations were but prophets of a later age. They phtced a wagon' in the heavens, and the strange, amor- phous creation which strikes the reader's eye on this page is a confirma- tion of teedr poetic foresight. The illustration is not intended to represent the famous wooden horse of Troy, nor the hybrid gods of ancient Babylon or Nineveh. Neither is it taken from some geological traettise -- the reconstructed remains of some ox':- tinet species of a remote period. No, wondering reader, it constitutes an idea for a universal motor vehicle, designed to skim along the ground, to wing its way through the air, and to navigate river, lake or sea as occaslea may re- quire. This is the cherished' seheme of a learned natural philosopher and in- ventor, who for many years has been studying the problem of aerial flight and terrestrial locomotion. The inventor believes that previous Investigators in aerial navigation have erred in adopting as their prototype in nature the fish instead of the bird. They have been trying to build air- ships propelled by screw propellers and similar devices, or to utilize balloons, which expose a large surface of resist- ance to the wind and are, therefore, at its mercy. The bird, on the other hand, goes with or against the current. The little gosling can teach the phil- osopher a valuable lesson in land loco- mation, for even before it can fly travel, we come to the three vibrating and revolving fine- two at the rear anti one in front—to propel and guide the vehicle in water and also in air. These fins, which are modeled after the fins of a fish, are made of flexible metal and are about three or four feet In length. When not in use—l. e., ton land—they are to be folded up against the body of the vehicle, but in the air or water they drop below the body, and are actuated sideways by the same power that moves the wings, thus guiding the vehicle in any direction, as a fish alters its course by the use of Re fins. Four turns of these fins wil reverse the motion of the vehicle even at high speed. In water they become propel- lers, and the wings may also be used in conjunction with them to increase speed. In fact the wings could be so manipulated as to accelerate the speed both on land and water, the vehicle skimming along the surface of the water like a gigantic seagull. The wings alternate in action by suc- cessive pairs,' while the fins are operated together or singly, as the pilot may de- sire. Complete control of the wings and fins is secured by a dounie crossing cable connection, from an oscillating crosshead in the rear of the vehicle, the crosshead being operated or vibrated by a light, single -acting, double -cylin- der vapor engine, consisting of a gener- ator, condensing coils, se that the vapor can be used over and over again, and the two cylinders. Either liquid or dry fuel may be used, I. e., gasolene, kero- sene, ether, pulverized coke or charcoal. The fuel will be so economically fed that the combustion will be perfect, and no smoke will stain the pure cerulean. The weight of the entire motive ap- paratus would not be over 200 pounds, and from three to six horse power could be developed, according to speed and the resistance of the air. Fuel anti water needed for a (lay's journey, the inventor believes. would scarcely ex- ceed 200 pounds in weight. The wings would act with a vibrating disc motion, anti both wings and fins would be double -geared, so that they could be shifted at any desired angle. In case storm or contrary winds are eft- X UNIVERSAL VEHICLE FOR AIP. WATER AND LAND. through the air, it accelerates its prog- ress in the water ahd on the land by the use of its wings. Yet up to the present time no student of the motor vehicle problem seems to have thought of ap- plying merhanical wings to the propul- sion of vehicles. So, discarding all previous theories, Ibis inventor begin:; by making an in- dependent study of the wings of insects anti birds, with the idea of determining how they fly, and what is the precise sustaining power of their wings. In looking over the winged kingdom his attention Was arrested by the duck, which waddles on the land, swims in the water anti flies in the air. The whistle -winged thick in particular is a wonderful example of wing power. Though its wings are comparatively smaller than those of other fowls, they carry its body at a very 1 0 .01 velocity at the ratio of about three to five pounds of sustaining power to each square foot of wing surface. Some insects' wings show even more remarkable smeaining power than this. The duck, seeming to afford the best example for a universal vehicle, the inventor takes this fowl as ills model, elongating the body some- what to suit it to his purpose. The length of the body of the vehicle represented is twenty feet, the breadth f o ur feet and the height MT feet. The weight Is estimated et WO pounds, and it' is intended to carry four pit - sons. in front is the elerated outlook, from which the pilot can govern the move- ments of the vehb le. and back of this Is a Passageway for ingress :11111 egress. Flt 4' pairs of wings, four or five feet side a d fire to seven feet long. giving A le of about '27: - , feet of surface, ex - - firnd along the upper part of the ma, chine These ri ngg have all aluminum frame work supporting prepared palm lent or other like materiel of extreme tooglinesa and lightnese, anti under- neath eaeli wing are night or ten para. .•hiite salves or oral underflaps, acting like the feathers under a bird's W1.14. which give momentum when the wing is raised. and buoyancy with momen- tum when the wing Is lowered Oscillating shoulder joints, with in- ( -lining air -cushion pivot joints near' the shoulders for active propulsion, at- tach the wings to the body of the vehl- ale. From a close computatiesf of the wing surteee, and a comparison with the buoyancy of bird and insect winga, the inventor concludes that the vehicle wouiici atiatain a weight of from LOW to 1,400 pounds. But the wings are not the only curl- MIR thing about this modern Pegasus, if ftnch it may be railed. Passing over the three wheels one In front and two behind which are provided Tor land eountered, the pilot is supposed to either ascend to a more favoring current, or deseend to the earth or water, which he could do by manipulating the wings and tins In the proper manner. Fly? Yes, 100 miles an hour! It Is estimated that a speed of thirty miles an hour could he attained on land, one hundred miles an hour in the air, and forty miles an hoer in the water. The flight of the mat hine in the air would naturally be greatly accelerated by taking advantage of favoring eur- rents. Ref noted to %ree l .' di..' looltqzr. The car was cros,le.l. and rt hen a passenger boarded if he a as nearly' up- set by the atelden starting and tread on the toe of a man standing at the rear end. \I beg your pardon,\ he said, very politely: but the man of the 'hurt toe scowled anti in an undertone muttered The innocent offender again apolo- gized. \Yes but that doesn't help my toe any:\ and he growled some ntore in an undertone. Nearby passengers began to smile. \I begged your pardon, didn't f?\ said the other man. \Yes but my toe hurls jiint the same.\ was the reply In an ugly torte. Then the other man's dander rose, and in very forcible language he said: \Now look here. I accidentally stepped on your foot and I apologize for It. If you say another word about It I will give you this instead of my foot (show- ing his doubled -up flat), and it will land right in )our face.\ This warning was not taken, for he continued to talk about the eitimsinesa of some people. Suddenly the passen- gers were electrified by seeeing a fist shoot, and the growler lay In the street as the ear plowed on. Nobody Raid any thing, but POMP thought. it wasn't wIA-• to talk too much. Austrian Journalism. There is a telephone newspaper now being \publIatied\ daily in neitia Petah, the details of which I will send you In ft future letter. It ham a large and in- creasing \circulation\ and Is beating all the printed journals. The price Is only two cents and it is making money. A. D. reseallh Coffee. A French jonrnal th is Itemised the ingredients of French coffee: \Roast. ed horse liver, roasted black walnut sawdust, and caramel, or burned tia- THIS FROG HAD SENSE. Fl.ed mosinsif So That the NEake Ettaldal Swallow Him, Milton Lake is a gooe-sized body or water at the extreme northwestern sec- tion of Rahway. N. 3. It is famous for its black bass, turtles and water pilots: and fts wooded, picturesque shores tee a great resort for fishing and picnic parties. At the eastern extremity of the lake is a large dam over which superfluous water empties into the Rob- inson branch of the Rahway River. Thousands of huge rocks and bowlders support this dam, and during a try. al(411, when very little .or 110 water running over the dam, scores of huge. ugly looking, brown -colored water snakes use the rocks for sun baths. It was at this point that Nick White wit- nessed a singular scene Monday. He * was watching the snakes, and hail his eye on an old fellow, who, he declares, \had scales on him like a salamander,\ when his attention was nrawn from the pilot to a frog that was hoping along on the bare ground between the rocks and the river. The frog was nearing the snake, apparently unmindful of his peril, for snakes love frogs and toads. But this frog had evidently \been to school,\ as subsequent events proved. \I geese the old snake had one eye open,\ said Nick, \for as soon as the frog came in reach he sprung for him. The frog, seeing him, essayed tOet • away, making a high leap toward the water. But the snake was too quick for him, and got between him and the water. It was then that the frog man- ifested his schooling. He picked up a twig about four inches long and held it in his mouth like a bit. I wondered what for, and when I ascertained, said Ito myself: 'Nick, that is the smartest frog in the United States.' The snake seized the frog by the fore leg, and, lengthening out, opened his jaws and wriggled forward. In went the frog's leg and then, after many efforts, the snake got the frog's nose and part of his.bead in until he came to the twig, which, extending an inch beyond his own jaws, queered him and saved the frog. The snake writhed and wriggled frantically. Ile relaxed the muscles of his jaws, as does a (Jerky just after he cuts a watermelon, but all in, vain. I laughed so loud and so long that I became weak in my knees and had to sit down and rest .before I looked for a club to help the frog out of his diffi- culty. Then I got a big stick and moved quickly down upon the snake, who was too busy to hear me. With one strong, well -delivered blow I broke his spine and paralyzed him, and as his jaws relaxed the frog backed out. dropped the twig, looked up at rue and gave a croak of thanks. Before I could reach him he gave two leaps, and was in his element.\ WORKING IN FINLAND. atlas Trycg has Eltablimlied a People's Kitchen There. Away off in Flnianti—and how very far away it does Set= --a woman is doing her beet to elevate her fellow' beings. She is a Miss Mile Trygg, awl she lives in the workingmen's sectinn of lielsingfors, where she has est.ab- halted a people's kitchen and has in- vented a new fermented beverage con- taining a very minute per cent of alco- hol. in order to keephem from drink- ing strong beer and brandy. But her efforts are not confined to the physical [seeds of the laborer. She has seen the palaces anti buildings erected In Eng- land anti Atnerica for the benefit of the workingmen and longed to found a sim- ilar iostitution in Finland. Undaunted by the pecuniary tIPITIAM18 of the scheme. she visited the members of the Finnish Senate and Intinced them to make her a grant of 60,000 marks for her plummet. A year from that time the workingmen's home . was ready for use. It contains, among other things, a free reading hall, with papers and periodicals, a leading library, a large hall, where the men can meet for Sun- day and evening lectures and also ran practice their music and gymnastics. There is also a kintleigarten and nu - - eery In the building. MISS Trygg makes her home In this palace of her torn creation and Is the soul of the wives undertaking. PERSONALS. Sir Arthur Sullivan realized $51.,eitt, by les song, \The Lost Chord.\ Prefeseor Iluxley's widow has re- «dved a civil list pension of $1,teet One half the week Sir Isaac liolden Is a egetarlan. 'Phi- other half he is earn i vomits. When in the best of health Lert1 gosebery seldom (deeps more than flute hours ont of the twehty-four. Dr. liuggraene, professor of medicine in the Univereity of (fluent, is 90, litit feels pretty well. Ile drinks aml ity : t il'h of M smokes ) ni th h i a g P I ' h a . s r o t ( ' t e h l e ec I t T e rl d p i ve r e i N t e e r s ,i or ly fir Philosophy in Ife Pauw Calvin Wilcox of Jewett City. Conn.. Is said to be the largest lalldhOider 1,a) eastern Connecticut Ills holdings ag- gregate 2,500 acres. lewd Shone Douglase, who recently marrled Loretta Mooney, concert hall ginger, has decided to bent.' In Los Angeles. Cal., where he will engage In imeinene. Father John Bannon, formerly known as the fighting chaplain of Guitare Mis- souri confederate bettery. Is now priest of St. Francis Xavler's u !lurch. Dublin. Ireland. In private life Mr Aegnith ts sahl to be Impartially diaftgreeable to everYollo he meets. while Mr. (7hamberlaln's manners are charming and be iii the most pleasant of hosts. 4. neneral Armstrong, when Whiny \° wItI l i it misa th loaary bua i\ wo7k, P sa m i a d ti f 'The first do of riotiii a penitent asvat• II repot ear a alairt.• ;`- •

The Wickes Pioneer (Wickes, Mont.), 09 Nov. 1895, located at <>, image provided by MONTANA NEWSPAPERS, Montana Historical Society, Helena, Montana.