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L. L . 4 VOL. L • • • „,• .`• , • WICKES PIONEER. \Free Coinage of Gold and Silver at the Ratio of 16 to 1.\ WICKES, MONTANA, SAT U DAY. DECEMBE I: 7, 1895. NO. 18 THE Wickes Hotel, 'Wickes, Montana. We have recently secured control of this house and have fitted it up with new fur- niture from top to bottom. CLEAN ROOMS, NEW BEDDING, • Table Surpassed By None. The only place between Helena and Butte where a first class meal can be had for 50c. RATES: $1.50 Per Day. Special terms made to those desiring reg- ular board. THE Wickes Wickes, Montana. TRUTH NEVER r DIES . the experience of eenturles has rHAT IS WHY THE CAUSE WON'T DOWN, the Contest Now On in the Eighteenth Illinois District I. Fair Indication of the Strength of the Patriotic, Senti- ment for Bimetallism. Ex -Congressman Edward Lane, of dontgomery county, ill., has been nom- inated for congress by the democrats of the Eighteenth district on the 235th ballot. Lane Is a red-hot free -silver man. The platform adopted is in per- fect harmony with his views. With- 3ut a dissenting voice the convention declared for the free coinage of silver at the ratio of 16 to 1 without waiting for the co-operation of any other na- tion. Friends of the administration had been working throughout the dis- trict to secure delegates who would fa- vor the reaMrmation of the plank, of 1892, but when the free -silver resolu- tion was offered today there was not a voice against it. The gold press of the country, emu- lating the boy whistling in the grave- yard, is proclaiming in large type that , the \silver' Craze is dead.\ Well, if it. is dead, why can the corpse not be per- mitted to rest in peace? But fortun- ately for the country the issue of re- storing silver, which is never met save by the application to It of sneering epi- thets anti feeble attempts at wit, is not dead, and never will be until the issue is settled in accordance with the prin- ciples of eternal justice. This can only be done by a perfect re-establishment of the monetary system that without a shadow of an excuse was changed in 1873. So far as the sliver cause has lost ground at all during the last two years. it has been simply owing to the fact that Mr. Cleveland has been president of the United States. Combining au arrogant, dictatorial disposition with an unyielding hostility to silver, the whole power of his administration has been brought to bear to force a change in the attitude of the democratic party upon the question. Acting in conjunction with what is commonly termed the \money power, - It has, of course, had its effect. Noth- ing but administration pressure made the repeal a the \Sherman law - pos- sible. Only a ft' W days before the re- peal Senator Gornian frankly admitted in open senate that up to a very recent date the friends of repeal had not dared to close the debate because they were In a minority and would have suffered defeat if the question had come to a vote. The administration had not made a sufficient number of converts. But the song of the \cuckoo\ began to be heard, and finally the law was re- pealed. Since then the \cuckoo\ has sung ill almost every democratic state convention. packed as it has been with federal office -holders. But the admin- istration ran not last forever, and the political \cuckoo\ can Reareely outlive the administration which gave him birth. The silver question involves the same principles that it always has. It Is just the same now as it was in 1890, when 127 democrats out of about 145 In the house of representatives and every democratic ttenator hut four voted for the free coinage of sliver, and when a bill of that character passed the senate by 17 majority after a most thor- ough and exit:Illative discussion. The dispatches given above show that there is not only a strong leaven cf silver sentiment In the ranks of the Ohio democracy, but that it is active. earnest and aggressive. In Illinois it Is undeniably the dominant power in the ranka of the demovrary, and the adoption of a free silver resolution by the Eighteenth district convention without a Rin le diesentln vote is i , n the highest degree Rignifleant. There is in fact a Nast amount of I proved the adaptability and advantage 1% OMEN AND TITLES. I of the double standard. Because I do SILVER not think that the experience of the melt twenty years shows any improve- ment in the condition of this country, or of the world, as a resV of adopting a single gold standard far from it. Because I believe the world had none to much money when both were legally recognized on equal footing, and that there has not been more than half enough since one was de'egalized. Be- cause the demonetization of silver has increasea - the demand for gold, causing an appreciation in Its value which makes it exchangeable for double the quantities of other property. Because that appreciation is to the advantage of the wealthy class and a great detri- ment to the poorer masses, and because I believe that silver demonetization was brodght about with a deliberate pm. - pose and intent to benefit the money- lender and security holder. Beeause I believe the production of silver is a leading American industry, deserving the fostering and protecting care of the government—I am a republican protec- tionist. Because I believe that the in- tent expressed in the original adoption of the gold standard by England was to Increase and perpetuate the power of the government; that it has frilly ac- complished that purpose to the preju- dice of other nations, ours among the number, and that it is a policy inimical to the best interests of our own people —I am an American anti favor an American policy. Becamee the effect of the single gold standard is to com- pel the payment of twice the amount of debt justly due to the bottlers and manIpteators of the world's gold, and the par value of that debt is already aboot one-half the assessed value of all the property of the country. Be- cause the continuance of the gold - standard policy is transfering to silver - using nations so large a proportion of our manufacturing interests as to seri- ousiy cripple American prosperity, and when these industries become firmly established, as they will by the continuance of this riceicy, Americans Can never wrest from these nations our lost trade. Witness Japan. China anti Mexico. There are many other reasons. These ought to be sufficient to justify my belief.- Charles W Greene, in Chicago Mail and Press. Easier Atked Tittu , Answered. Wire wieltileer demonetized?' Who knows? Who were the benefiektries? Who can tell? Why was a prosperous induetry crip- pled? Why does everybody favor bimetal- lism? Why do some who favor (!) it oppose it? Why does everybody admit demone- tization was wrong? Why do so many of theni assent to its continuance? Why, if it was wrong, can it not he put right? • Who stands in the way of it, ane why? Who is running this country any- how? Who are they running it to benefit\ Why should the English banker lie more favored than the American sliver miner? Why should the United States gov- ernment stand in with the English- men? Wh s . do bankers astenne the average citizen has no sense? Why does the average citizen subme to such an assumption. These are tie puezles of the period. Are They st The gold men say, \Oh! vu s, Is the proper thing, certainly, but we must wait for the other fellow to Join hands anti make it international.\ They know, )olt know, and every body ought to hnow, that we may wait until the end of time for Englane to assent. Its financiers labored in season and out more than half a century to effect the demonetization of silver. It was a great scoop. They got some of our great men --our best citizens --to see it their way, and before we knew It, they had its foul. Will they let go their hold? Did you ever see an Englishman let go of a good thing? Don't you know they've got the biggest thing they ever had— control of the sot Itt'S trade' Do you Fiume's , they don't know it' hoI n Menus 1 - 11;;Iand'r• gilVerISM in all partite( and in all states. Who will Wain,' the Englishmen for and those who are now so vociferously wanting to get silver cheap. as n Mite- ehouting, • It is demi' It Is dead!\ will fleas propomition? They command the ere long be bionght face to face with trade with Indla, China. Japan anti the the fart that, like the eorpse aP \Fin- Itfeeite As they can tely just as much negan's Wake. - It is taking a very pro- tea. silks anteether pi•othists for a doe nounced part in the eolitical fight.— liar in silver TnoW irs he , ould when Exu-hangtc it was worth par. Ole difference be- tween its present coo. e2 cents In gold. \WHY SILVE.R.^inn.1 *1 (10 in gold then. Is so mulch eel- tditIonel profit. It is In he noted. boa- t - he Editor of \Money \'\'!“ T.Ii• Why ever that sonic of the 101Filangn men of I FAVOR FREE li• Inellevey in 10 in I Ilet mem I am a himetelliet, believing tont silver should he restored to a pre Often of equality with gold as it money much leas conelderat Ion than the) do metal, having Its relative valet , hole - they get nothing. Ex. fixed by law and having the same resogrition at the m i n t s In Paris there is a wine shop for as geed. Beeanse I believe tbef s every three honses. the \far East - have dropped Into the genie and are sharing the winninge The common people there don't get ARE THEY BY NATURE IMPE- RIALISTS? International Trattl. In Coronets Nyin rinkle's 0144ervatione no ii I:rowing Tefolenty Among Our Rich 1 omit . Women. OME one has said that woman by na- ture Is an Imperial- ist. Her sex in- stincts do not in- cline her toward . democracy. T h United States is a democracy in its largest sense. What is the growing re- letion of our worn - 'n to that democracy? This Is an Me- mrtant question, in view of the attitiele which so many wealthy women have essumed within the last twenty-five ' . ears. Tire Constitution of the United States !ontains this clause: \No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States, and no person holding any office of profit or trust un- ler them shall, without the consent of Congress accept of any presents, emol- ement. office or title of any kind what- .ver from any King. Prince, or foreign Rate.\ 'this provision sprang from a sturdy ilistrust of European influence; a heal- thy suspicion of kingcraft and a con- servative fear of all kinds o' foreign , nianglemente. It carried with it an implied contempt for the empty honors of aristocracy that do mit rest upon personal worth anti are no longer con- ferred with wattle justice. The feeling which prompted this prohibition ran through the patriot minds of the young Reptiblic. Foreign titles were i•egarded by the fathers anti mothers of the Re- public as empty anti dangerous honors, 4ocially and politically. And like all great human instruments, our Consti- tution reached down to the springs of action and shut off forever 'what it saw was Inimical to the independence and growth of intrinsic individual worth in the people. So far as the men of Anieriea are eon• cerned, this prohibition has been ac- feepted generally and has grown into national and unconscious tradition. As a rule the best men of the Re- public have been self-made men, owing very little to Europe exeept that store of historic to, and immortal literature which Is the property of the world at large and remains free from the eivine right of hinge a lesson and a warning. Bet how is it with our womeh? Have they held, In spite of the evojullon of democracy and the growth of worth and power in the common people to the ohl passion for artificial distinction; have they, as the wealth of the coun- try int•reased, shown an ineradicable hankering for foreign titles? Have they been ready to sell their birthrights of AmerIcanlem to any form of aristocrat's. that could (miler a conventional nanie and a det oration? The plain answer of facts to these questions need not be accepted as a con- cluelon, but it t an hardly fall of being an indication. Social conditions and sentiment in a commonwealth whose eolldatety earl hardly be said to have the fixity of ages mum affect the arbitrary enactnients of an early conviction, and it Is not diMcult to conceive, with the facts before us; of wealth and luxury moving in a direction diametrically op - mimed to the principles of the fathers of the Republic. It is very certain that within thirty years we have seen the danghtere of wealthy Americans looking to Europe for titles which the spirit and letter of Americanism make impossible In iii in conntry. It Is, nun - v(3%er, curiously demonstrable that these women cared more for the empty honor of being at- tached to a court circle than for any honor or tribute which their own coun- try could confer or their characters am independent Amerlean ladies could comMflf111. Judged by the measuremente of worth e tech have made this u•ountry stmerien It, any other In its energy. Its achieve meats anti its possIbilitiee, the prizes ehich the American title hunters ha . ,..• sesured do not elicit from the male Amerlenne any admiration of their fets•0 of , haracter. their independen,e te settee or even their simple equality Ii OhySle:41. moral or Intellectual ea HARD TO HANDLE. tarprri, Are Very Difficult Animals to Tlo. latest . s r d u ng example rnsP\\ iith n of e gi- raffe that has so rec, 'thy been added to the society's collection arrived In England during the exceptionally hard winter, and, although cooped up in a roughly built box, seemed at the end of its journey but little worse for it and a (lay after it had been in its house fed heartily and seemed perfect- ly well and sound. says Leisure Hours. It is a peculiarly handsome marked specimen u , mirth dr aker in color than any that have previously been brought to this country. All that we have haul have come front the northern part of Africa and are known as Nubian: this one comes from the south. When it first came it had on a headstall, with a rope halter. This, it was felt. it would he wise to take off and we hap- pened to be present the morning it wetedOne. On paper it seemed an easy thing to do—just take it off; but with a frisky anti timid ereatur•e like the gi- raffe it was hard work for three strong men. First they had to get a rope around the leather headstall, then the moment that was (lone the creature pirouetted around and around and twisted the rope about its neck and legs so that the keepers were in the utmostm alarm lest in its frantic' strug- gles it should seriously damage itself. 'it last they unwound the rope and en-* deavored to pull the giraffe's hig head down to steel a level that they could get at it. but after a time. just as victory seemed certeln, it suddenly slowed away, twistin th g e cord again anti again around its neck. At last, however. they did sticeeed. One clev- er cut with it sharp knife and the whole headstall fell off and the crea- ture bounded away with flying heels, much to the danger of the three men. Mr. Windhorn. the Cape farmer who caught end bt•ought it over, deseribed how he feared it would hardly the, as it WAS so thin and ,emaciated alien he got it. but soon it took to feeding and in got to better condition. He bad a long ride after it and caught it with a lasso, which he Is an adept at throw- ing. It is curious how timid these crea- twee are about certain sounds. Noisy sounds. like a man walking by with hobnail boots. It (Mee not notice, but a lady coming in is it hi hardly more sound than r u the mee rstling of her, (begs makes it start, with pricked ears and distended eyes. We remember well after the terrible explosion of gunpowder on a barge tin the neigh- boring canal, asking the keeper of the giraffes of that day how they had taken it. and he said he Waft surprised how very little notice they took at all. They jumped to their feet, but almost at once lay down again when they found that nothing had happened. \But.\ he added, \if I was at eight time to creep along that gallery in my Fockm quietly. they would be so scared that I believe they would dash them- seivee to bits. — ehey fear the lurking foe and a big bang scares them less than a faint, rustling sound. They are in (list very deerlike. PERSONALS. Mrs. James L. Gates, of elilwairkee, owns a Bible that was brought over In the Mayflower in 1620. Mme. Adelina Patti, who was taken swidenly III in Birmingham. Is suffer- ing from laryngeal catarrh. Mrs. Maud Millington Booth, wife oh the commander of the Salvation Army, has started on a tour of the Pacific coast. Col. M. Lewis Clark, the racing ex- pert, In going to South Africa to \sit his brother. Jeffereon Clark, who has made a large fortune In mine specula- tion: A exander S. Williams, ex -captain anti inspector of the New York police force, has been nominated for state senator by the Republicans of the Twelfth New York district. Mark Twain has been quite a pro- lific inventor. His first patent. taken out In 1871, was a strap for suapentlIng trousers. He has been asFlisnee of (tette a number of patents, several of recent te date. ln. Guitlerrez, go‘ernor of the state of San Luis Potosi. Mexico. who is now in Atlanta, is one of the richest men In Mexico, owning valuable farming !mein and mining concessions. He is commaneer of the Mexican army. It Is said that the pope it strongly opposed to the pi oposee visit of the Ring of Portugal to Rome, and tried to ulleauade the king from conning to the pa with the average Western demo t II) Italian eapital. In vatican circles it Ia crat said that the pope will refuge to re - with a polite dleregnrd of public ann eniVP King Carlos, who is expected to timent and trivet.' advantage there, arrive 0. totter 17. Aninent have as a rule, boldly and n1 most brazenly given their ,tiiintr‘rnee to untlertantel that their highest ambl titan in life v..nq to \pt -tire the foreigit teeognitIon of a name. and In eomper: son with that all other consideration were beneath their Tinfire Colembia Hughes at the sight Nym crink IP in N , w York Woi Id. Th• in•I Man lip I am it mr father all lits=ret much Influence fn this fete e Mr. and Mrs. Barney Itarnato were unable to break Into European society, deplete their immense riches. until Sir Edgar Vincent took them up and pave them a 'end 'off In Paris. Vint ent, who is a tieh man himself, holds the pteetion of governor of the Ottoman ble T ; h an nt ( 'one' i u ni‘•pia 'n et ti ne n ° e P , Ie tite old colorzl o a c eren the sinewe of w for earah Alteea 11111's snit against Mil- lion:ere Sharon. Is dying 7 _ At the preeent rate of Increase this colintry will have a population of 199, EAT TOO MUCH MEAT. americans too Prone to the Consumption of Firth and Fowl. \We eat altogether too need' meat, sny.way,\ said Or. Cyrus Edition, the health commissioner of New York the other day. \I venture to say that most of the ills we are heir to come from habitual eating of too much beef. If the present e-ra of high prices of beef will only compel people to choose other foods, etich as fish or a greater variety of vegetables. the 'beef combine' as it is called. will hive been the uncon- scloue instrument of doing `a vast : amount of good. rise Is rntieh better footi for city people than flesh raised on land. It does not contain as great a proportion of thane stimulative nu- trients that do so much to prodarener- Yousness, indigestion, constipation end the' host of attendant disor re de to the human hotly for which the medleal pro- fession is so continually caled items to prescribe. Wage workers' - who earn their living by physical exertion--farra laboret•s. shovelers. ditch diggers, etc.— require solid foods such as beef arid pork, but men and women who take lit- tle exerciee, whae employntent is ee- dentary, calling for no eontinual phy- sical strain, fleh is eminently more satisfactote• ass regular diet. Fish is the conning food. Long after our laud has been denuded of those properties that flour:eh animal life in the tield, the waters of the deep will be teeming with flsh. The scientific culture of carp hart shown conclusively that one acre of eater will produce more edible and wholesome flesh than three ecres of land, and some of these daye we will awaken to the Importance of preeerving our land sustained animals by the sys- tetuatie and methodical cultivation of our fish. As to the quantity of meat that a man really nee& the people seem to be ignorant. The United States government allows the soldier; but three-quarters of a pound of meat a (lay. How many New Yorker's, do you, suppose, get along with so email 'a ration of meat? The government, through its physivians, has learned that soldiers, even on the march, do better on Oust seemingly small allow- ance than if they were permitted to gorge themselves indiscriminately on the flesh of steers and sliest). New York city allows its hospital patients bit: on - pound of Meat a (lay, until that pound is 'un m trimed. When I•ooked and ready to he eaten that pound represents really. less than the army ration tor able- bodied men. The average energetic. well-fed New Yorker consumes from one and a half to three pounds oemeat every (lay that he is able to eat. It is altogether too much. No wonder that nature rebels frequently and that the man live on gruel for whole daym at a time. That is natUre . 8 own recourse. That's when a man is sick when he can't eat meat.\ T. tee of Napths. The greatest care should be observed in the use of eitiptha, which. while a most valuable agent to elean delieate laee a s, light silks nd ribbons, is a ve, y dangeious liquid. It is so extremety k volatile that ignition will tae place even when it is removed by the dis- tance a..rose a room from u light. and It Dever should be used except in the day time. Articles cleanse., by this means should be promptly snot thor- mighly aired. It is a good plan. the Commercial bulletin suggeete. when the weather permits. to .10 the el, aning out of doorteleaving evioi the thing cleansed mitaide for a longer airing. - rh. , lieed I.f this was recently - emphasized to an rujttown woman, who washed a num- ber of gloves. ROMP inept, and ribbone, and fearing to leave them ereitiel !hes room, as she was called before they were aired, bundled theru into a box, which she shut up in a trunk In a closet. Later. she sent a maie to get them out. who took a lighted •.erttlle to the closet for the search. Weer] the trunk was opened a alight , .sidosioni folloteed almost immedietely Fooligh of the gas from the naptha eu f! bsett generated and held in the eenfintel space to ignite :is the enndle !time :up proarhed No serlotie results followed. fortunately. lert the warning remains. Outie o 0 tit lee,. The Heft iii, Itign•or. Indeed, tie“ , t• get anything spry new In Pai•le much before the end of September or the that of October. The prettiest thing for wear in these months will be the eharming little et - internee or m011.111- 1 and tileaea that huts u' bona to faishionable all tle• seaeme inede with CO:Ife Wile longer, not quite eo mans' godete at; those worn lip to now. With these ere aiwnis seen one or the pretty tours+ de colt that are more the rage than euer They are made generally or whit , . 01011“-nlinn 110 Mlle or chiffon. with gi eat 'Hole Reattered 1 ere and e there. :iltheeil Fif.C.11 many mail..of taffeta le matsh the belt of the gown with e heel it . Watt worn A eherming gee f white alpaea had a jeck opening en a front of linen end tare on a transparent of Imre The tour ile cou of lace. anti no olored ions, and the het worn eith It wee a 'tient black -.trate trimmed with tt wreath of flenra des eattx, Intere - ined eith e. (ever a thounand people die of trni-nonc in England every year. «. 4 4 • • 4, ;