The Wickes Pioneer (Wickes, Mont.) 1895-1896, December 14, 1895, Image 2

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• a. aricurri Tioncrt. By ROBERT C. BAILEY. WICISES, - MONTANA. One adventeeee of foot bell Is that tie fight always comes off. Pie socials are the thing with the up- per crust in Kansas soclotav e w lebe \I Told You So\ man is getting In his deadly work from Maine to Caii fornia. . _ Watch the _sultan of Turkey; he it ely to work the straw bail trick or ne powers. The different countries of the world 4 new use 13,400 different kinds of post- age stamps. The butterfly collection belonging tq, Prof. Neumoegen of Brooklyn, N. Y., is werth $61.000. It cost Texas $20.000 to keep Corbett and Fitzsimmons apart. It also cost Mrs. Corbett No. 1 $100 a week. — ' It is said that the water in th Ohic river is so low that the catfish have left the stream and have gone to Cincinnati ler beer. Remember that the best the world is the dead one. to a question of shoot or don't be shot. burglar in If it conies to be shot, yeneettela says uhe \can put 100,000 men into.the field.\ Unless Uncle Sam interferes John Bull can put- teem into tht potterafield. Owing to the remarkable drouth in the vicinity of Hazeiton. Pa., wild ani- mals front the mountains are invading the villages in search of water. The duke of Marlborough complains that \New York policemen are pretty ' . rough.\ . Lexow proved that many of them are pretty e\smooth\ also. By scanning the advertisements of a theatrical 1..xchange we learn that nine- teen of \America's Ica/ling emotional actresses\ are now \at liberty.\ One of the features at a big food ex'- . at Chinagusecently was a cake of soap weighing 1,000 pounds. D9 they eat soap in Chicago - l—Nashville Tele- graph. No, but they peobably wash the pots after using. Some overzealous humanitarians are urging the Republic of Ilawali to turn eel her political eritninals out of jail (luring the' coming holidays. They are not repentant, and would likely at once ()mein their old work of treason. Ha - ad is much safer with the entire srowd behind barred doors and grated windows. It appears from a recent statistical report that there are in Germany 31,- 680 kilometers of trunk lines and 11,- e7e kilometers of branches. The in - Nested capital of the railways is re- ported at 10,7e4.0: 4 9,606 marks. Out of this sum 2,745,328,004 marks were raised by state loans. The receipts in letel-94 ere stated at 1,401,714,318 mark: the expenditure. 858.865,991 marks; surplus, 548.308.327 meek\ of which the government re.ceived f 515.- 7e7,508 marks. The total sum of divi- dends distributed was about 16,000,000 marks. The funds for repairs are re- ported at 211.243.044 marks, and the traffic details are given as follows: Passenger traffic—Number of passen- gers, 521,479.450; receipts. 384,703,403 markn. Goods traffic. 244.178,613 tons; receipts, $54.0e3,910 marks. TWENTY -FINE IN ALL. THE BI FAMILYRAISED BY JOE MATIVILWS. )urteen of the Irlithlren Llt Iu. Be - rider 1.' trent). - Five lira n thattlItirett-- Mat [Ilea tot Fatueut ii Woottchopper air 's 1 ather. c.. Says a contemporary: \One of the first uses to which the current gen• seated at the large Niagara Falls elec- tric plant hair been put is the manufac- ture of aluminium from bauxite by eleetrolysis. What the value of such a source of electric urrent may be to faetories In the neighborhood of NI- erare, to say nothing of those at a dis- t:it:re, is suggested by the fact that, although the present aluminium works Sr.' constructed to produce 5,000 pounds of mire aluminium a day, the complete . 'meccas of the electrolytic process has cenvtnced the management that the doubling of the resources of the factory by its means ,Is a comparatively sim- ple matter. More 'pots are to be put In as rapidly as possible, until 10,000 pounds of the put e metal, worth in small quantities 50e a pound, is being turreu out daily. - - The city of Jacksonville Is reported to • be greatly delighted over the diet to , rey ef a bountiful supply of water .fier'n &Trashy as this woula not he al- loeel to go tincensnred in Kentucky. - - - — col. Hamm. editor of the Georgie CraelTer, at n snol:ygoster is a man who Is nmb oits for nfliee. regard. less of parry, pin len, or prinefplee nrel that, If he gets here at all, he doer. I) by \monumental. talkeophical as- samnary.\ Thanks to Col. Hanim. we are as last able to classify some inter estint characters. • . - (Special Correspondence.) HEN old Joe Mat- thews was buried in the little grave- yard at Southar.i, In Monmouth county, New Jersey, fecently, he had the largest funeral that has been seen in that settlement in years. All his neighbors turned . ou o attend it, for Joe was a popular man; tit had only members of his im- mediate, family been present when the Rev. Mr. Rowland read the service. there would have been a gathering of no mean proportions. Joseph Matthews had done more to increase the,popula- tion of New Jersey than any other man living within fifty miles of - Southard. How - many - children have called him father he did not know for sure, and no one else knows, either. The neighbors and members of the family got together on the day he died, and counted his progeny as accurately an they could. Golden, JR. has eaterprieing burg- lars. While the 'earthquake, as In progress some light-fingered gentlemen blew up a sate and' made off with the contents. while Hume who heard the . noise were expecting to`atte.the earth open up. -s- A San Francisco society woman an• flounces that* she \wei start for Chi-_ eago on her wheel just as soon se she ca a get a divorce.\ There Is no e'en's( fe'!' ffelny. If she appilee for (More( here by telegraph she will find a deeret .awaiting here on her arrival • , THIS WAS JOE MATTHEWS.' They made out that there were twenty- five children, a majority of whom are now living, most of them within a atone's throw of their birthplace. There may be others. There is no official record that can be got at. The mem- bers of tv Matthews family themselves do not know. The story of Joseph Matthews' life is a simple one. He was noted for two things; the fact that he was the father of more children than any other man in New Jersey, and his ability to chop wood. It is a question of which, dis- tinction he was more proud. Ho was known far and near as the best woodsman for miles around. For sixty years he did nothing else, save when he worked in the cranberry bog or tilled his small farm. He cet down thousands of trees and chopped them into firewood, and every stick was well cut. He chopped enough wood to form a double tier from Lakewood to New York. with some to spare. He was born with an axe in his hands. He was the third son in a fam- ily of five children, whose parents were Garrett and Lydia Matthews. His parents were pioneers, and they lived In a one -room log house, 20 by 14 feet. In one end was a firePlace. Bunks, beds and boxes were the -principal articles of furniture: It eves 4i4 mUes from Lalte- wood, and was occupied until 1861, when it Wes torn down. Garrett Mat- thews was a veteran of the Mexican war. He died in 1870. 95 years old. Ills widow lived until 1881. When she died ehe was said to be 103 years old. Joseph was born in 1821, and almost as soon as he was able to walk his father gave him an axe and took him to the woods. He taught him to hew and split in the most appro‘ed fashion. It looks easy, but there is a knack about it, a twist of The handle just before the blade strikes the wood, that some peo- ple can never catch. To Joe it came oaturally. and by the time he was 15 le could hold his own at Clopping with dny fuU grown man. His services were on in great demand among the set- tlers. By the time he was 18 he was lrmly enough established to think of harriage. He married Margaret Lay- ton in 1829. She was one of the five children of John A. and Hester Layton. She was:strong and healthy, with large bones. Like Matthews. she was dark in • e .t, : ---- R . \ 4 \*Ase=8.111L - -rleowese l .. y l eiseee. ... - THE OLD LOG HOUSE. with black hair, lie wan a Ittle below medium height, muscular lini wiry. Matthews and his wife went at once lo . the log house to live. They took eharge of the house, nnd there all their children. save the last, were born. The hletorlans who have tilled to learn the facts of the matter have been able to account for cite en sons and daughters, born between inn and 1862. There may have been, and probably were, more. The first child was named 1. red- eriek, He was bet n In 1/139, and died a short time later, poem after the birth of Benjamin, ia 1840. Benjamin did not live long, but before he died. another boy, who we: subseq named WPi- ley, was born The( was in 1841. Wes- ley was the ilrst child that lived. Hs learned to chop wood under his father' gbidance. Ile married Rebecca Estell a neighbor's (laughter, in 1865, and be- gan housekeeping in a small frame cot- tage 290 yards from the husband's birthplace . There the have lived eve.' since. Wesley is it riotte anJ frmal, and the wo • him. He is the children—Davi d has b father of Trained. Rufus and Raymond. None of these is married, and all live at their father's home. The next \Matthewc is William. lit is about 48 years old. He married Katharine Ann Ketch!, the sister of Re- becca. They set up their establishment at Hope Chapel, in Ocean county, one mile from the Matthews homestead. Their home is a comfortable one, and William makes a good living with his axe. He is the father of live children. His daughter Wilhelmina is married to Robert Clayton and has a small daugh- ter. William's other children are James, Gordon, Martha and Dora. The first daughter born to Joseph and his wife appeared in 1850. She was named Sarah Ellee, and married Will- iam White. She is the mother of two daughters. One, named Anna, married Harrison Matthews, a member of an- other family. They live at Bennett's Mills, a quarter of a mile Nom the Matthews place. The other daughter parried Austin Patton. White and his wife live a quarter of a mile from the Matthews house. Like all the other members ,of the family she is in good circumstances. Five years after Sarah Ellen's birth a son appeared. He was named Joseph Hanley. He has a home 500 yards from his birthplace, where he lives with his wife, Mary Estell, and two daughters, Jesse anti Gertrude. Joseph Hanley earns a tidy living with his axe and by working for the neigh- bors ; Amanda was the next child been She appeared a couple of years after Joseph Hanley. She married David Southard of Lakewood and lived in that town until her death a few years ago. She bore two - children, who live with their father in Lakewood. James Mat- thews comes next in order. He is about 55 years old and was the last child born in the log house. His wife was Lydia Woolley. They live in Welferton and have had no children.', Soon after the birth of James the old log house was torn down, and the fami- ly moved into a two -room frame cot- tage near by. This cottage is twc stories 'high with one room on each floor. 'Outside are a well and an old- fashioned oven. It was in this hi that Margaret, the last child of garet Layton Matthews, was born. 'ibis was in 1862. Mrs. Matthews died in childbirth. Margaret lived and Is the wife of Alfred Clayton. She has four young children, Ernest, Albert, Minnie and Harvey. The family lives in a Comfortable cottage one -quarter of a mile from Mrs. Clayton's birthplace. The first Mrs. Matthews gave birth to twins once. Both died in infancy. The date of this event cannot be accurately determined. After the death of the first Mrs. Matthews her sister, Eliza- beth, became 'the widower's house- keeper. Three years later Matthews married her. In the following year ttseir en kind to our living WHERE MATTHEWS DIED, first child, a girl, was born. She was named Mace. Mace married James Estele brother to the Estell girls, and started an establishment less than 300 yards from the Matthews houre: Two sons. William and Arthur, were born to them. After Mace came Alfred, who was born in 1867. Ile chose for his st:te E:Ia Gifford. They have a -son. William. and live prosperously at Asbury Park. A year after Alfred. Amy was born. She died in a couple of tenets. A year after Amy's birth a son was born, lie was named, 'Seward. Ile lived until 1888. Thr e wears after the advent of Ed - weed. Arnetiia was horn. She became the wi e of Joseph Clayton, and lives with hi lies thaw half a mile from her birthplace. She has a daughter named Della. In 1871 Mrs Matthests gave birth to twins, who lived but a few weeks. In the following year a daughter was born. She was christened Elzabeth. In 1873 she was married to Weeley Clayton. See now has a daugh- ter named Blancho. They live in sight of her mother's home. The next child Waft Melville. She was hour in 1874. A few years ago she married Robert Mark', They have an infant son Mrs. Marks and her child live with her mother. Since the birth of Meiwina five chit- •Iren have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Matthews. Of their three are dead. Hester. bort% in 1871, and hYdietl 11 . born in 1882, live with th , ir. mother. Of the chiblren rented fourteen are now living. The gray:lithium num- ber twenty-five. 'set tie ceeiti ire. \And you really alio that you Can summon ghosts into your presence?\ \Certainly.\ \Prove it.\ \I will.\ ile summons a ghost. flint - I don't see any \Nor I itut I summoned one just the same. I didn't say I mulrl make him come \ Ex President Harr isn't is said to ha vo made $170,000 in fees since resuming his law practice. MAN'S THIRD EYE. DISAPPEARED UNDER PROCESS OF' EVOLUTION. Wha It, • 1/1 Left of It Lies I he 1A.ft t enter of thr rain —Recent Nt•Ii•bi Reple.1, lie, Support the Ite- h••r. V AN and all higher animals have two eyes, and two only. All mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibia and fishes have this number of eyes. Even those animals which from time immemorial have lived in absolutely dark caves have t wo eyes. In many of such animals, how- ever, the eyes have been overgrown by the skin, so that these eyes would be useless for vision, even if the animal should come from its subterranean home to the light of day. The same is true of the mole and mouse tribes. Indeed, all the vertebrate animals have two eyes, whether they use them or not. e _ Not all animals have these two eyes lyinmetrically placed in the head, one on each side. Certain fishes which ap- parently swim on the side, such as the turbot, have both eyes on the side—the dark t31(10 of the head. That this is not due to a simple twist of the head was demonstrated by Professor Steenstrup more than twenty years ago. At times, by what is termed arrested development, animals, and even human beings, appear as cyclops, or having one eye only. But who ever heard of a third eye in man or beast? And yet recent researches prove that man and all vertebrates seem to possess the ru- diments of a tele(' eye. This discovery is not only very inter- esting, but also remarkably instructive, since the rudimentary third eye of man has, by one of the moat noted philoso- phers of modern days, been looked upon as being the seat of the ; Foul. As organs by proper use develop in strength dnd perfection, so they be- come weak by - lack of use. If for Many generations an organ should remain without use. its structure in time be- comes simpler and more imperfect. If such a process continues throughout ages, the organ, by constant disuse, will become reduced tp a mere rudiment of what it was in the species using the same. Thus, species of birds that only walk and run, but never fly, have only rudimentary wings, as the ostrich, while in the eagle and the albatross the wings are seen in a state of per- fection. Now, in closely examining the skulls of certain lizards, it was found that near the top of the head, under the dark, opaque skin, and often in the very bone. an almost perfect eye exists, though no ray of light ever could reach it. This eye shows a crystalline lens, a retina of very complex structure, and an optic nerve—in fact, all the essentidl parts of a perfect eye. But being cov- ered by . the opaque akin of the animal, it is absolutely useless. If this optic nerve is traced to the brain, it is. found to connect the eye with the so-called pineal gland of the brain. This pineal gland is, of course, in no sense of the word a real gland, but a definite portion of the nervous tissue of the brain, invariably located just back and partly over the cerebrum, and In front of the rounded brajn-mass which generally is considered to cor- respond to the corpora quadrigemina in plan. This third eye of the spotted lizard is called the pineal eye, on account of the nerve connection of Its retina with the pineal gland. Now, while in certain lizards this highly developed eye its useless because It is covered by opaque skin, and in others even deeply imbedded in bone, it would seem probable that lti an earlier stage of development this pineal eye was not rudimentary, but in con- stant use. A very slight modification would accomplish this—namely, the transparency of the skin covering of the eye. This is exactly the condition of the normal eyes In reptiles to -day; the skin covers thernebtit it Is transparent where it passes over the eye. In the skulls of some of the gigantic reptiles of the earlier age of this globe paleontologists have long ago found a large, round perforation. Probably this was the socket of the third or pineal eye of the ichthyoeaurus, the pleeiosan- Ells and the labyrinthodon. But a much more important conclu- sion must be drawn front this discov- ery --namely, that in all vertebrates, even including man, the traces of this third eye rematn to -day. The pineal eye of lizards being connected with the\ large pineal gland of the same, It would seem that the pineal gland itself is bet the nerve center of optic thaimus for this third eye. In all reptiles anti amphibla the pineal gland is large; se It is also in fishes. Conerreln z hlea go Tent... One- \By George. I never heard of a ehicago man that watildn't blow and lie about his confounded town as though it was the only town on earth.\ Tother—\I know of one that won't do it.\ One-- \I'll give $10 to ere him. Where le her Tother--\On this train.\ One (jumping up and looking around) TO ‘ titc he r r e - 7: 0 1 11 in ;he baggage -car in a long box.\ She. li.,toihrd. George \You rise not railing on Miss Rosebud any more, eh?': Jack ---\No. I got distsuntrel. She has such a coarse laugh.\ George-- \I never notieed that.\ Jack \Veil would if you'd been with - iii hearing when r p- p e.eri to here' CALIFORNIA DISAPPOINTING. Exprelattont at Turgidity -five Tears Aim Not Realized. To commemorate the thirty -ant an- niversary of his ministry the Rev. Dr. Horatio Stebbine of tee First Unitarian church, delivered an edress to his con- gregation yesterday morning that wee rather more of a reteoepective and his- torical lecture than an orthodox uni- tarian sermon, says the San Francisco Call. It was enjoy - el none the less for this fact, however, nor were the moral lessors it bore any the less appreciated • by the exceptionally large audience. After pointing to the mineral and agricultural development of Califernia, Dr. Stebbins said: \I think that etspassionate, judicial, h:storic mind, if eon please, will confess that the growth ef California has been a disappointment. It has not been as great as we expected; certainly not as great as we hoped. Indeed, I think this may be said of the whole western coast, though the causes are not the same as with us here. Twenty-five years ago men who were as sober as the rest of us prophesied that there would be 5,000,- 000 people around this bay in a quarter of a century. After the opening of the first transcolitinental railroad it was said that there was i13 much land, in- cluding climate, worth $100 an acre for Production as there was in the republic,. And twenty years ago it was thought that this city was destined to be the richest in the world. So we imaginel and so we talked. There are eneourag• tug signs of increasing industry awl economy, though we still affect to de- spise a cent, while the treasury of the United states can count it and keep it. Let us remember, when we see, in pro- phetic vision, the whole future before us, that no people on earth are indus- trially or commercially great who have not abundant room in their pockets for a cent. -and time enough to count it be- fore they let it go. Laught at it, ye throng.of fools; turn from it. ye hosts of beggars; econonly is to prosperity and honor what virtue is to the soul. It may have a rough exterior, it may not be in the latest fashion, but the woodsman who lays his ax at the roo( of a fire -scorched tree often finds that it is sound at heart\' CATTLE HOLD UP A TRAIN, The Hull Charged the lAnvornotIve and Derailed It. A fight between a locomotive and a wild bull was the spectacle that enter- tained and delayed the pasengers on a Spanish railway train the other day, says the Spanish paper which tells the story. Coming around a curve between the stations of Moravel and Canavarel, near the Portuguese frontier. the en- gineer saw a herd of wild cattle on the track ahead. He sounded the whistle and the surprieed cattle—all but one— took to their heels. Th,e one that re• mained was a huge bull, who lowereel his head and with a hoarse bellow charged straight. at the oncoming em. - glue. The shock killed the bull and derailed the locomotive. White the trainmen and passengers were doing their best to get the engine on the track again the herd of savage cattle, having got over their fright, returned to the fray and charged the workers, who retired hastily to the cars, where they barricaded themselves. Then a veritable Beige began. After the first few moments of stupefied surprise had passed, the gendarmes, who al- ways accompany Spanish trains, gath- ered courage anti commenced an at- I tack with stones upon their four -footed enemies. In reading the Spanish jour- nalist's spirited account of the 'hero- ism of the military one becomes lost I Gastric Dyspepsia And constipation troubled me foe over. a year. I gre - .7 worse, and multi hardly perform my household duties. I had tie- vere pains in ine stomach, especial- ly at night. I treated with out physician six months without avail. I resorted to HoodlsSarsaparilla and having taker. six bottles I am free from all distress my stomach and ant no longer trouble -I with dyspepsia.\ Mits. Meituemer FEN- NER, Indian Falls, N. Y. Hood's Sarsaparilla Is the Only True Blood Purifier Prominently in the public eye. $1; ()for 85 Hood's Pills e ery; tr o i l 857:4 3518Z::!: In a maze of conjecture as to why they did not use their guns. At any rate, the battle lasted two long hours, and - toward nightfall the wild cattle decided to beat a retreat. The paseengers and the train crew finally got the locomotive On the rails again and — teahin-eaha\ (which is French foe, \merrily\) It proceeded on Its way. Alen Milluners Before Wort Is. There were men dressmakers before Worth. The first celebrity who made his mark in this particular line was Rhomberg, the son of a Bavarian peas- ant from the neighborhood of Munich. One day in May, 1730. a beautiful equipage was seen driving about Paris with an escuteheon in the shape of a corset and an open pair of scissors in middle painted on the panel of each door; that was RhombergS; coat of arms, and it told its own tale. He was genius In his way, and owed his success chiefly to his skill in disguisisejeelight deformities and bringing out the most attractive charms of his fair customers. He rapidly made a fortune, and left his heirs an annual income of £2,000. Un- der the first empire and the restoration Leroy supplied the dresses of the Indiee of the court and the higher nobility from his oplentild mansion in the Rue Richelicee An effusive encomium was written upon him by Augur, a member of the Academy. ------- A 'intr. for I hr I cloth. Once upon ri time two bees pinyed marbles upon the Sabbath day Their rames were John and Willitor. When they returned to their heroes, John was whaled with a trankatrati, while William was merely • hidel and suffered to go his way in pear , The boys grew to be men. eiohn heroine the Implio lido foe of wealth In all forms :Ind t Inces- santly about It. while William was a millionaire and a member of several corporation , And set there can be no doubt that William wroth! have been just ns goat a man as John, hall he been Ruble( t' 'I to reetireint in Ins you Dear render, ix hen you leave elased marbles upon ill , ' Sabbath, insist epon the trunks! rap, and tali , nothing else It tour might. De not. be 1)1 'free n„r It. 114104.1.11••••••••-••••areeleece Go to California in a Tourist Sleeper. It is the RIGHT way. Pay more and you are ex- travagant. Pay less and you are uncomfortable. The newest, brightest, cleanest and easiest rid- ing Tourist Sleepers are used for our . _ Borlineton. Rcute Personally Conducted Excursions to California. ve,eh leave Omaha every Thursday morning reach- ing San Francisco Sunday evening, and Los Angeles Monday noon. You can join them at any intermediate point. Ask nearest ticket agent for full information. or write to .1. VI: %Nuts, G. P. A., Omaha, Neb. ••••••••••avrestalreereelealla•Oree•••••••••raereareSrej NANION41 • CURE BACKACHE • lit e • BY TAKIND DRH obb's para us eyPills Backache is generally a form of Kidney trouble. It is otters accompanied by Nerv- ousness, Hysteria, Headache, Sleepless- ness, Puns in the Joints, Anaemia, etc. It is assil7 anntri with Dr. ifo ti hb* paradrue Ki.lney Pills. A few dopes will Te- hran. A few boxes will 'Urn a Ail nimists, or mail- ed prepaid for UM, ver box Writ, for primp/I/rt. HOEIB'S MEDICINE CO., c•go S.,,Frencillee. • 9 1 1 1 1. : 9 a . er:s • 11,111 • • • • *9 • s i b • • A HAIR BALSAM Maar.. and beautifies (it. halr. rtonotO no a Inauriant ra , v , t!\ ltle,r, FAB. to Artartr , ra Oray 31r.Ir to its Toothh , l 0.1n , Curra nil' Afars... • hair Ialimat 55' sot 01354 DretVate egsetselseles or min 13 mints. s7 a Irma at nava-. ',Ir., et weft. or 1111 n o'4.,'. rare. stile, Dbk.i. In Mete. Ptah. ye., anew, white teaeartartere the memorials en4 oaill•e, meek the wheel, earn al..• sat feetheeleg tree. .04 tar/atlas, Islip Shoots.Isola, all TV oriel., pari•g. polishing Owls,' l• lobleg, to,. *mall Is traw•Ilaki ••••••• late tor AOSOS•Ii.a, ml....Irsilmnntals. ssIssise Ow e Plailast Weeks, Dean Ceionalme._• ONSOIVir Tir)N L. N. U. Yo. 41. 189E. EirKindly MenAcin This Paper When YOV Wr,..e to an Advertiser. r ft

The Wickes Pioneer (Wickes, Mont.), 14 Dec. 1895, located at <>, image provided by MONTANA NEWSPAPERS, Montana Historical Society, Helena, Montana.