The Wickes Pioneer (Wickes, Mont.) 1895-1896, January 18, 1896, Image 1
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ere' 1 e. IA. a. • '\ •1 WICKES PIONEER. VOL. 1. \Free Coinage of Gold and Silver at the Ratio of 16 to 1.\ WICKES, MONTANA, SATURDAY, JANUARY 18, 1896. NO. 24 KOEGEL & JOHNSON PROPRIETORS Billiard Hall and Saloon. Our 5,pecialties are: Chase's Barley Malt. Bottled Beer, $3.25 Per Case. WE HANDLE THE FINEST Itl: A NHS OF nos, Liouors ON THE MARKET. A SHARE OF YOUR TRADE IS SOLICITED. KOEGEL & JOHNSON, MAIN STREET Wickes, - - Montana. THE MORMON CHURCH. (TS, HISTORY AND PRESENT CONDITION. Joseph Smith - The Book of Mornion- - The Mormon Creed - rolygamy Mill Practiced —Beauty of the City So ths Desert. laST ninety years ago, two days be- t ore Christmas. there was born in a little Vermont vil- lage a boy named Joseph Smith. When he was about It his thouights turned toward re- ligious matters. He went from one de- nomination to another in search of something satisfying, but reports that he found only \a great clash of relig- ious sentiment.\ Then he retired into secret places, spending hours in medi- tation and prayer. lie declared that on one of these cccasions an angel of God appeared to him, announcing to him that he had been chosen as an instru- ment to bring about the second coming of the Messiah. He was also informed where sonic plates were deposited con- taining the records of the ancient prophets who had lived on the Ameri- can continent. These were to be found on a hill, not far from the top, about four miles from Palmyra. N. Y.; to. which place his parents had removed when he was 10 years of age. He was advised to go and view them, but he was not considered holy enough to touch them until 1827, when he was 22 years old. At that time, he asserts, the angel of the Lord placed in his hands the wonderful records. They were graven on metal plates about eight inches square, a little thinner than, tin, and held together by three rings run- ning through the whole, forming a book about six inches in thickness. The language of these hieroglyphics was called the \Reformed Egyptian.\ They gave the history of America, peopled by a colony that came from the tower of Babel, to the beginning of the fifth century of the Christian era. A proph- et called Mormon had been commis- sioned by God to prepare the record and hide it in the earth until it was time to be brought forth. This is the famous Book of Mormon, believed by the Mormons to be of equal authority with the Scriptures, and to form an es- sential supplement to them. .A farmer supplied Smith with the funds necessary for the printing of the plates, and the book was issued in 1830, the names of three men appearing as witnesses that an angel from God had shown them the original plates. A fierce controversy immediately [(Kane up regarding the authorship, but in spite of great ridicule and bitter op- position. Smith and his associates per- sisted in preaching what they termed \the doctrine,\ which deciarNi that the millennium was at hand, the final gath- rring of the saints to be somewhere in the heart of North America. Joseph Smith died by violence at the hands of his enemies in 1a44, and Brig- ham Young was elected to succeed him by the Council of the Twelve Apostles. Under his leadership the Mormons en- deavored to find ROMP place where they could live in peace. The Great Salt Lake Valley Was finally selected. Set- tlers poured into it from all parts of Amerlea and Europe. President Fill - more appointed Brigham Young gover- nor of Utah, which was admitted as a territory. But collisions were frequeet between the \saints\ and the officers of the United States, these !net being forced to flee from the territory, and for years hostilities were kept up on both sides, the government being, in the end, of course, victorious. Brigham Young died in 1S77. and his office is now filled by George Q. Cannon, an Englishman, a Congressman. and one of the ablest men In the sect, but the power is not so individual as in Young's time. It is divided among a large num- ber of church dignitaries. Few have any adequate Idea of the strength of this great organization. It is constantly re- ceiving vast numbers of foreigners, as, for years, the Mormon missionaries have been busy In winning adherents all over Europe. One million dollars a year is received from the \lithe or church tax, one -tenth of each man's earnings, which he is compelled to pay. The main article of belief in the Mor- mon creed is that any man. by faith, obedience, and holiness, may rife , Into a deity and acquire the power of mak- ing, peopling, and ruling a world. The Mormons hair. , strong faith in prophe- cies, visions, anti revelations, 'rewire - floss and nilrat idiots gifts, and be- lieve abut In the literal resurrection of the body. The fourteenth and last ar- ticle of their creed might profitably meet with universal acceptance: \We believe in being honest. tripe chaste, temperate, benevolent., virt110119. and upright, and In doing good to all inert \ Polygamy is still practli ete lhourh with a little more aerrecc Mn Geo. (a cannon has dt present ',seen whes. Iti igham Young left seventeen vralowe anti forty-four children, but not every \saint - Is In a financial position to — --- care for ito large a family. it Isollore- A GREAT RFPUBT IC XN I vast improvrinent upon existing condi- over, true that Mormonism anti polypi- lions. But td retnrn to Senato: Haas- amy are not eytionymoue terms, though generally considered so, Many do not SENATOR HANSBOROUGH FOR believe in its practice. But *ere are AMERICAN POLICy. no bachelors in Salt Lake City. Every young man marries soon as he can A ty...tie SHimS it. the Nyt i on .i c o „„ u . support a home. The late Henry Ward non Next lear Why Protect in - Beecher laserted that the Mormons es n ti dustrl and 1.sa• I inancial S:t•tesn were trylgg to solve a great social and ESposed moral problem, and h to Foreign 1111/24dErN.e hoped that they - - would be allowed to solve it. ELEANOR KIRKE. IN 1895-6. Up to Date Meanings of Nome Oft -Used Words. A visionary—One who sees farther than l do. A crank—One who turns us 'round Contrary—The quality of doing what I dotal like. Stubborn—Won't do as I want it lit to do. 'Kindness—Letting me do the boss- ing. Conversation—Reveling in the faults of others. Smartness—Resonant language that' I do not understand. Progress Throwing away everything old, both good anti bad. Conservatism -Holding to the old, good or bad. Christianity --The belief tint my neighbor ought to love God and me at .himself. Liberty—The right to make every- body do as I want them to.do. Socialism—The desire to \divide up when I have nothingto divide. Life—Worked to death. Culture—A form of conversation like mine. A Calamity -- f .lkesituation under some one's else management. Criticism --A method of destruction. Reformed Criticism—Noting enongit of the faults to show that I can see thee if I want' to. Literature (obsolete fortn)—Inter preting life. Literature (approved form)—Word- polishing. Thinking—Having a stock of second- hand thoughts. Education—Learning to think in other people's thoughts. Independent--Non-committal. Justice—Judgment from the farts which favor my side. I remember them. Mercy—A form of leniency applica- ble only to oneself. Importast—A term only used in re- gard to visible things. Ability—The power to take care • everybody but oneself. Sensationalist--Oue whose arrews are sharp enough to prick the hide of a pachyderm. Duet Bel wren Women. Another of those strange spectacles which are occasionally visible in Paris streets—namely, a knife duel between women, was to be seen last night in .1 locality near the Central Markets. Mar- guerite Sonnet accused Louise Mouginot of having attracted away from her a grocer's drayman. known familiarly as \Big Louie,\ owing to his herculean build. The rivals met In a bar in a street called the HOP de Crimee, and, after having exchanged a heated dia- logue and exhausted the vocabulary of vituperation, they went outside nicked up their sleeves and petticoats. drew knives from their hose and began to hack at each other. Sonnet soon had the upper hand, for she stabbed Mougi- not in the throat and breast. causing her to fall as If lifeleas to the ground. The injured woman was taken to the hospital in a dangerous condition. Son- net, who is aald to be an old hand at knife work, managed to elude the police, who will have little difficulty in eventu- ally discovering her retreat, as she is notorious character in the district. (trots tit spiritostism. In lest; Mitt; half a century spiritual- ism has gathered something like 25,- 000,04)0 of human beings into its fold. How many will have embraced Its con- soling and its undeniable evidences of a future life, and of spirit - return, within the next fifty years? Probably 100,000.000, poesIbly 200,000,- 000. Nothing can arrest its progress, nothing restrict Its spread; because these are guided and determined by om- nipotence. It will presently teke its place among the positive sciences, and the (lay is not far distant when chairs will be instituted in our universities, and professore of psychics, while ea -- pounding its pritiriples and elneldating its laws, will refer In tones of commis- slonrite astonishment to those learneti pundits In the eiet decade of the nine- teenth century eh. were accustomed to refer to It IIR a fraud, or a delusion, or a snare, en else as a deplorable combine lion of all three. Began Too Ent, \I have come,\ said the benevolent - looking gentleman with it high brow 'to ask yonr to operation in our erU- Rade eginst the barbarous practice of wearing the wings of song birds as trimming for ladles' lints \It can't be stopped now - said the prosperous citixen. - Ho many birds base been killed that the price has be- come so high that every woman in the land will ha; e a bird -trimmed hat or a divorce \ brouele Tlin significant part of his ut- terance is that relating to the forma - then of a silver party. It is very closely in line with the fangnago of Senator Pettigrew a short lime since, and It in- dicates 3 strong silver sentiment in the -ranks of the republican party. Repub- lican leaders will do well not to be over -confident because of the recent elections. Hundreds of thousands of Senator Hansbrough, of North Dako- silver mon voted the republican ticket ta, is not only a statesmen of discern- because at the time there was nothing ment and ability, but he is an experi- else for them to do. They were thor- enced journalist and knows how to put his views into cuncise English for pub- limtion. In compliance with a request, &lends the editor of the World the fibl- lowing interesting summary of the political outlook in North Dakota: ''The political situation in this state amounts to this: The people are look- ing forward anxiously to the time when they can assist , in bringing about a change of administration. The -money question and the tariff will be the two national issue mere. The two old par- ties are abou. (wally divided with re- spect to sliver. There is talk about or- ganizing a silver party, anti I should not be surprised to see a third party upon an exclusively silver platform, place a ticket in the field next year. There is a very strong and growing dis- posttion on the part of the people, re- gardless of party, in favor of independ- ent action- on the part of the United States on the financial question. Our people are getting tired of dictation from abroad. A great many republi- cans do not understand why it is that our party, which goes for the protec- ()uglily disgusted with Clevelandieni in finance, but no man should make the misttke of assuming that they will be satisfied with Shermanism as a sub- stitute Republican. comiNo s poLD ft.UT. The Real Reason Why Bankers Oppose dmerictn National Bimetallist: Last week we called attention to the increased pro- duction of toe yellow metal, and point- ed out the inconsistencies of those gold champions with whom an increased production of gold and an increased production of silver both prove the same thing, (timely; the supreme ex- cellence of the gold standard. The suggestion was also casually thrown out that ere long the demone- tization of gold might be proposed. An intimation of that kind conies even sooner than we dreamed of. Mr. W. R. Lawson, in the London t H e a r n i k n is er t e h 'M w ag a a y z : ine speeks'of the mat - \Inflation of paper money aria an Hon of American industry, 9hould not over -abundance .of silver money are also go for an Ameriean financial sys- matters of common knowledge, but a lent. I ant one of the republicane who possible plethora of gold, presents it - cannot understand why we should favor self as a novel idea. It is, however, a foreign finanrial system. Perhaps I an idea which may have to be reek - do not (tally grasp the American idea.\ oned with shortly. ° * * The right - --Cleveland World, of free coinage of gold may have to be In the forgoing, Senator Ilansbrough suspended in England as the free coin - voices the sentiments of Vila nunibers age of silver was suepended in India of republicans in all parts of the United and under the Latin Union. Behind States. They are at a loss to know why that, again, would stand the last re - the average republican leader ehould sort of all, limitation of its legal ten - swell with Indignation, look big and der power. If the gold shut out, from talk big whenever it is svgested that the mint lost value in consequence, we should follow England's revenue that would be a matter for the produce policy, and at the same time titter a erg to adjust, as other producers have tremelous protest against an independ- to do. For the evil of excessive cur- ent financial policy. rency there Is but one remedy, what - They appear to think that our very ever the currency may be; it is re - salvation depends upon being in accord striction: and for metallic money the with England's monetary system. Just only known methods of restriction are, why, they never explain. first. limited coinage; second, limited The talk in mm grandiloquept e ay legal tender.\ about the \best money in the world.\ The American goldite draws all of but they never clearly mid intelligibly hls_ iespiration. priniarily, from Lon. state how gold meets that definition, doiu. and he ought to study with care They start out with the broad assump- the language quoted above. It complete - lion that gold is the best money in the ly exposes the unsoundness of the world, and if we only preserve the gold fundamental arguments in favor of the standard, our monetary system e Ill gold stieetard. What becomes of the necessarily be \sound even though \intrinsic value - theory, if Mr. Law - the business of the country be para- son knows what. he is talking about? lyzed. They never stop to consider Where is Mr. Atkinson's \fixed and in - that we have had the gold standard for variable standard?\ What of the \ham - 22 years—that since 187a every dollar MM\ and \fire\ tests of which we hear in use has been upon a par with every so much? other dollar, and still there has hem .. hir Lawson says that the coinage endless complaint. may have to be suspended and its legal We have had high protection all tender limited. If the value is \fixed\ these years. Some classes anti some and \unchanging\ how can such an act favored localities have prospered, but possibly do any good? It seems, too, at the same time general conditions that ,he appreciates the fact (which have not been healthy. There has been °tight to be self evident) that the gold a constant melting away of Property excluded from the mint vvould anti commodity values, altogether to shrink in value; but says that concerns the disadvantage of those engaged in productive industay, and utterly de- structive of genuine prosperity. While millions of producers have been literally ruined by the ever-in- creasing burden of debt, consequent upon the fall of prices. In the money centers. millionaires and multi -mil- lionaire have been created with start. ling rapidity. If there is a party leader in the country who can not See PO palpable a fact, he ought to descend from his pedestal at once. Republican(' ought to know that there is less reason why we should adopt England's monetary standard. than there Is for its to oppose her free -trade policy. In the latter, there -it simply SUCH IGNORANCE. It legitimate rivalry. But upon the question of adopting a monetary Manta ard the Interests of the two countries are completely reversed. England Is a creditor nation: the United States is a debtor. A creditor is benefited by a rise in the value of money; a fiebtor Is in- jured by such rise. As gold goes up the English creditor is enriched, v.aille the American debtor is impoverished. Instead of making ourselves a poten- tial factor in maintaining mint' enhanc- ing Englantre gold standard, the prin- ciple of self preservation should prompt' us to use our strength In breaking it (11°y.;; A sho it would considerably lower the \ P should demonetize gold entire- valne of that metal, a.nd relieve us of a pertion of our debt to England. On the other hand, the more nations Eng- land can Induce to demonetize 1111%'1.1'. the greater becomes the demand for gold snot the more It rises In value. What America wants in not \Eng- land's monetary system, - not especially the money standara of ay nation, but an honest mandard. which will Meal - life the same to day. to -morrow and for all o t f i :!:t e iir, , this would be an \'Ideal\ selutierd whirl' it would be difEreit, pct haps iniposattile. to reach but there all he no question that the rentoretion iif trite blnietallism by the full ind free use of both geld and silver, eel be a the producer only. What a joke it would be if in a few 'atoll years we should have a \gold question\ to haunt the souls, and harrow the con- sciences of the champions of \honest money!\ But don't get alarmed, broth- ers! We won't let Louden and New York demoralize gold in this country If we can help it. Although you call es \fakirs\ and - Biller monometai- Wits\ WP assure you that we want both metal& and Providence permitting. we are going to have them one of these days, not merely In concurrent circula- tion one as \token\ and the other as \standard.\ but both as standard. A Once Great raper Joins the lore.. of M•m moon. Bland made a statement In a speech out Wegt which is of interest in the free silver discussion—if that question is of enough Interest to provoke further discussion, lie admitted that if the original Bianti bill of 1876, which was a free coinage 16 to I bill, had passed the Senate in the shape in which it passed the liteiRe, the gold standard of this (-meaty entail have been - de- stroyed. This statemeni . has the merit et abeollite truth, and he might have idilea that free coning() at 16 to 1 would do the same thing now.- Toledo (0.1 Blade Of course the Bland bill of 1874 W0t1111 have destroyed the gold standard, and of (-tierse free coinage ROW, iii 16 to 1, would do the same, That is exactly what bimetallista everywhere demand. The demonetization of silver eetab- ashed the gold standard, the remonefl- xation of sliver would (Inatroy the gold standard. And it ought to he destroyed upon every principle of ex pod iency and common honesty. Destroy the gold (dander(' and restore the standard of the constitution, the standard of both gold and silver. — The strike of the PhIlad- phia ehil- drenat jacket makers has been settled in favor of the employes THE wositAN CONTRACTOR. Firs. Cram tyr Boston Takes Big Order* roe Masonry Work. Now it is the woman contractor and Boston is her home, says the New York NVorld. In the Athens of America Mrs. Crain made her entree as a contractor nine years ago. She has her own offices and is thoroughly business -like in all her dealings. Her hesitantl is also a contractor. Together they have con- tracted for the In work of a 'ember of public buildings in that city. Among these are the new public library, the new court house and the boulevard bridge over the Boston te Al- bany railroad, which is said to be one of the finest pieces of masonry in the United States. The it - ntire work on these contracts was delegated to Mrs. Cram by her husband, who had implicit confidence in her ability. One of the most notable prtiducts of this enter- prising woman's•skill Is section No. 4 of the Stony Brook improvement in Boston. This section contained the largest \bell -mouth\ in the sewer line ever built in this country. To her was also confided the construction of the foundation of the power -house of the Edison Electric Light Company of Bel ton. About a year ago Mrs. Cram de- cided to embark in business for herself. independent of her husband's co -part- nership. She had, as she so naively ptits it, \got tired of being a secondary consideration.\ Mrs. ('ram conducts a commission businese in connection with her other work, selling machinery and materials used in excavating and gen- eral masonry work. Mrs. ('tam's busi- ness experience has taught her that financial success depenfts in great par: upon personal supervision of the work in hand. She realizes the opportunity for petty leaks in the -masonry and their serious character where a large sum Is involved. So she makes a point of visiting once or twice a day the scene of her operations. She drives a smart rig to anti from her office. Mrs. Cram's lat(sst,achievement was in se- curing the contract from the Chase Granite Company of New York to team 40,000 tone of stone, to be used in ele- vating the tracks of the New York, New Haven 8r Hartford railroad. Mre. Cram has under her control the sub- letting of a patented derrick. Invented and owned by her hueband. These der- ricks were used in demolishing the old Tremont house in Boston, and they are employed in constructing the new Bos- ton subway. She profitably lets the tilie of machinery for all building purposes or to remove obstructions. No contract of however greweihaittl'A. tilde awes her, and in a reeent talk in thin( city before the Profeseional Wom- an's League, on \The Business Worn - an,\ she told sonic pertinent truths and gave advice of such a character as to enable women atit commercial in - stincte to profit by her practical expert ences. Mrs. Cram dresses simply and in excellent taste. She wears a tailor- made gown for business purposes, but clings lemma:m(41y to all the little fem- inine frills and furbelows. She Is a petite brunette, dark eyes and a radiant complexion. She has a charming per- sonality, and only her decisive, quick manner would suggest her astuteness in affairs financial. carting Costumes. Forty girls In forty styles of cycling rosturnes were on exhibition, to women only, in Philadelphia the other day, at a session of the woman's congress. Ev- ery sort of costune• was represented - bloomers of all length(' and RIZPS, (Mphe and scant; divided skirts. bifurcated In various styles, and an abundance of different sorts of plain skirt costumes. The dresses were the work of big firms in the city, and a committee of the con - green investigated the merits of the va- rious styles, with a view to a report. of some kind. A bicycle was fastened firmly on the stage, and on thi many of the girls illustrated the appearance and advantages of their particular COR- Mines in actual wheeling practice, ase. EXCHANGE. Perhaps the defect In the batUeship Texas might be found in the failure to provide it with a hip pocket and a six -shooter. --Buffalo Express. The Supreme court of the United States insists that it knows beans. In a decision rendered it holds that thee are vegetables Chicago Record.. It (nay yet be necessary to bring Mr. Allison before a judge and jury and present re Itlenre before he can be con- victed of rarrying a concealed boom. - Chicago Record, Our International matt hea in Tneht- ing. titbit ties and pugilism are causing a great Oseal of trouble. It is to be hoped that the difficulty will not ex- tend to International metrimordal mat; ties Exelinege A not her woman ling expressed tu preferelice for haties over a eourse at college. This sounds like the despair- ing compliant of a - college widow' whose t enty-tifth engagenieht hula Plat been t roken off Philadelphle Preen. If Initiraven and Sholto tire the beat the British peerage can du iii the way' of freeks, the bearded lady ana the liv- ing ekeleton need ask no protection ageltist the ompetition of Europe tint- ing the 11111RPOM season 7411wankos .1r = ornal. :4 •