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L . WICKES PI a VOL. I. NEER. \Free Coinage of Gold and Silver at the Ratio of 16 to 1.\ WICK E, MONTANA, SATURDAI • FEBRUA H V 1:i, 1896. NO. 28 KOEGEL & JOHNSON PROPRIETORS Billiard Hall and Saloon. Our Specialties are: Chase's Barley Malt. Bottled Beer, $3.25 Per CtiNe. WE HANDLE THE FINEST II N DS OF Wins, Lia UM, 61adrS, ON THE MARKET. I SCIENTIFIC CIRCLES. A SHARE OF YOUR TRADE IS SOLICITED. KOEGEL & JOHNSON, MAIN STREET Wickes, - - Montana. LATEST DEVELOPMENTS IN IN- DUSTRIAL FIELDS. A Simple and Inexpensive Portable Fire Escape -Au Optical Illusion—Another Water Bicycle Notes of Progress in Many Lands. SIMPLE and inex- pensive portable fire -escape, whieh may be packed in small compass to take but little room in a traveler's trunk or bag, is shown in the accompanying illustration. It con- sists of a clamp adapted to slide (limn a rope, as shown in the small fig- ure, the clamping or frictional pressure upon the rope being readily controlled by the person using the device. The two hinged parts of the clamp are provided with registering half grooves adapted for convenient use on different sizes of rope, and the clamp is held in gripping position upon the rope by a threaded locking lever on the outee end of which is a finger wheel. At the top and bottom of the clamp are rings through which the rope passes, afford- ing a slight frictional brake, and at the bottom 18 also a double hook to which may be attached body and sheet - der straps to support one making use of the device in escaping from a build- ing. When the escape is permanently used in houses or factories, the rope is pre- ferably attached to a hinged arm se- cured at the inside of the window eas- ing. The device may also be secured to the window casing. When several persons are in one room . the frictional pressure of the clamp may be con- trolled by one standing in the room to let down different individuals in turn, the looped end of the rope being then secured to the straps by which the per- son is suspended, and the rope slid- ing through the clamp. As one person reaches the ground, it is ready for an- other to desieend. Each apparatus Is tested to 1.000 pounds, and the whole device is (le- signed to be so simple and safe in Its mode of operation that there shall be no reasonable possibility of a person falling to make it work properly in an emergency. This apparatus may also be conveniently employed by painters, builders end electricians, and by all en- gaged in work necessitating their being suspended outside buildings. - Another Water Bicycle. The Edinburgh Scotsman says . The very latest cycle Idea is the water bicy- cle shown In our sketch. It differs en- tirely from any of its prediseessors in that it really has to be balanced on the water in the same way as a Weide is on land. It consists of three hollow cylinders, with pointed. cigarshaped ends, the two outer ones being made of some light, strong material, either papier mache or aluminium. When the rider mounts all three rest on the water side by side and keep him steady. He works the pedals in the same way as a cyclist and thus turns a screw that propels the machine. When properly balanced he efts by IL spring the Iwo outer cylinders and the machine glides along, balanced on the center cylinder, which is of galvanized iron or of tem- per plates. To stop he has only to let down the side cylinders on to the %la- ter, and to turn crossways a blade be- low the center cylinder, which offers 14Fawry sufficient resistance to pull him up. There is a steering gear. tinui the in- ventor is quite satimfied with its per- formances, which, we preemie., hes been confined to smooth water Color Cells or Chrornatophores. The controversy, written and eon- veraational, on the subject of the exact means by which the various colors in the animal world are produced Is not In any way decreasing, oven though with ell their researches seientists have failed to 'milady either themeel. ea or tete pubile am to the prechse origin and function of the rolls in which nit' as signed color -giving properties It is said that although the chromatophore le a cell whose essential function is one a color giving, it seems that all color - giving cells are not necessarily ehro- matophores. Thum the cells of the sensory, respiratory and excretory tis- anes are pigmented. but their pigmen- tation is secidegtal. or, More strictly speaking, not essential. The cells that give the reddish hue to the tissue of the lips and nostrils are not chromato- phores. Their primary function is not one of coloration, but that of the chromatophoret is. The cause of color in the plumage of birds and in the coats of animals of various sorts has long been the subject of discussion among scientists, and even with all of our facilities for investigation we are quite far from having arrived at the true solution of this one of the enter. taming mysteries of nature. A Removable Harrel Head. A sectional and removable barrel head has been patented by Hiram M. Dillinger, of Paradise, Pa. To open a barrel or keg having this head all that is necessary is to draw one screw which releases the central wedge section, which opens e space sufficient to allow the two sides or half -heads to be moved laterally out of the chines and lifted out. The head can be easily removed to examine tile contents; of the barrel, and as easily replaced an indefinite number of times, thus removing a large item of expense in the re -use of the package. Silvering Mirrors. A curious . method of silvering mir- rors has recently been patented by Mr. Hans Boas of Kiel, says London En- gineering. It is based on the fact that when one of the heavy metals forms the cathode of a vacuum tube, containing a trace of hydrogen, this metal is vol- deized by the current, and is deposited as a firmly adherent and highly pol- ished layer on the wails of the tube. The mirror thus produced is of much greater brilliancy than is obtained by the more orthodox methods. An Optical Illusion, THE BANNER DOWNED. A NASHVILLE PAPER TAUGHT A LESSON. Tried to Ridicule the NatIo•al Bimetal - net at a Distance anti liets a l'uttlag Answer—A Long -Eared Editor—Throw Hot Shot. H. F. Bartine in the National Bi- metallist: The Nashville Banner seems to have been badly hurt by the article which appeared In this journal on the 20th day of November under the cap- tion of \A Wise Paper.\ In its issue of Nov. 28 it says: \There is a screaming organ of the silver propaganda published in Chicago called the National Bimetallist. It is one of those penny pamphlet concerns thlt deal in low-grade demagogy tendering on socialism, prints scare- crow pictures showing the oppressed laborer under the heels of the ogre capitalists, and urges, as a means of leveling up matters, the bringing of the daily toiler anti the multi -millionaire to the same plane and making every- body rich and happy by the free and unlimited coinage ot silver at the ratio of 16 to 1.\ The foregoing Is reproduced for the purpose of enabling the readers of the National Bimetalltst to meke a mental ell , mate of the all-pervading dignity, delicacy and accuracy of expression wilich mark the great campaign in the interest of \sound\ money. If one word has crept into the col- umns of this paper even remotely sug- gesting that the restoration of silver would bring the multi -millionaire and the daily toiler to the same plane, or make everybody rich and happy, it has entirely escaped the notice of the edi- torial management. The National Bi- metallist knows fully .as well as the Banner, that tinder any system of finance there will be rich people anti poor people. But, differing from that advanced I?) and progressive I?) jour- nal, it is not able to perceive the mer- its of e system which is constantly widening the gulf - which is converting To see the spot touchea, hold this_ the millionaire into a multi -millionaire drawing straight in front of you, grad- And the daily - toiler into a pauper. ually bringing it nearer, until the nose There is so much of \demagogy\ in is close to the star at foot. this paper that it can see no merit in a - L monetary system by which the value. that is the purchasing power, of the Curious Photographic Experiment. \dollar\ is all the time increasing, A curious; experiment in photography thus swelling the wealth of those who was recently made in England. A mail own and control the money of the world was made to look steadily at a postage at the expense of the toilers. producers stamp on a black card for a minute; anti debtors. We plead guilty to just tile room was then darkened, a sense that kind of \demagogy.\ live photographic plate put in place of in the article which brings a wail the card, and the man looked at it of eistrees from the Banner attention steadily for twenty minittee. The plate was direeted to its claim that under was developed and showed two distinct free coinage our currency would a r re Images of the stamp. Ingles Rogers, duced in volume and at the samrtime one of the three witnesses of this teat, only be worth et) cents on the dollar. Is unable to decide whether the photo- The particular language used by the graph is one of the image projected on Banner and criticised by this paper was the man's retina or whether It Is a casr the following of thought transferense. \I'nder free coinage the $5(t0.000,000 ill silver now extant would shrink to half that sum in power to purchase, and there woula be no other money in the country but silver.\ After reproducing a portion of our article the Banner proceeds to defend itself, which it does in the following genteel. intelligent (?) and satisfactory way: \The statement quoted from the Ban- ner is not In any sense new. The prime arguments againstefree coinage aft' tilAt It W011iti drive gold from the country and cause a repueiation of debts. That is all that is said In this extract from a Banner editorial. Under the silver standard a ellyer dollar would be worth only its weight in silver. as a gold dollar is now worth its weight in gold; and that Is only half the present value of the silver dollar. \The Banner did not say that there would be no other money In the (Tent ry but the ether now extant. The state- ment is 'there would be no other money In the country lint silver,' which Is very different. \Secretary Herbert Is also miserably misrepresented in the Ilimetallisrm ar- ticle, lie lifted confederate money to Illustrate the futility of a large per capita circulation if the currency were unsollnd. \There is no colintry on the globe where silver Is coined free that has a per capita circulation of $10, and it is not probable that the same system of finance would Increase the circulation in the United States. It would keep the mints grinding at their full capacity for seieral years to turn out an amount of sifter coin equal to the gold that would inevitably dia.appear 'itiut this article from the Chi, ago publication is reproduced not so torich for Ille purpose of refilling its absurd assertions tia to show what kind of I iterature Is still being circulated in be- half of the free coinage calms.\ The editor of the Banner may rest his gentle and scholarly soul in pe- tir.T. , P Thlt paper never sumpeeted him of ;Overlying a \new - idea, nor for that matter of having any Ideas at all that extend below the surface of the question The gold 14ople claim, and the Ban nen agrees with them that upon the Ps- tablighMent of free eoinage gold wolild immediately retire from our dr - ciliation end the dollar would drop to r,0 cents. If that be true, then until the mints could add to OA stock we would only Homan Ilate• Growth. Authorities differ as to the rate of growth of the human hair, and it is said to be very diesimilar in different in- dividuals. The most usually accepted calculation gives six and a half inches per annum. A man's hair, allowed to grow to its extreme length, rarely ex- ceeds twelve or fourteen inches, while that of a woman will grow in rare in- stances to seventy or seventy-five inches, though the average does not ex- ceed twenty-five or thirty inches. ROO., Shoe Soles for Soldiers. The war department is experiment- ing with rubber heels for shoes. And the tests made by the troops at Fort Leavenworth indicate that the new • heels; lessen the jar to the body in marching, and thus add comfort to the etetrer. If they are good for soldiers why not for civilians who have much walking to do? SCIENTIFIC. The first private carriage lighted by electricity was that of the lord mayor of Loneon twelve years ago One of the mcsst interesting things; to le seen at Atlanta. Oa., outside of the exhibitionis a house constructed entire- ly of paper. from foundatiod to uldm- ney. A large rise with many interesting geological features, was discovered by prospectorm near Big Meadow, Ore., a few days ago The men explored the eliVv for a distance of about four Miles. 11 ru proposed to utilize the motive power of the Nile cataracts by estab- lishing eleetric stations at the falls and tianamitting the power to Cairo. A feature (if the Tennessee Centen- nial exposition, which will open Sept. I. 1896, will he a steel tower 300 feet high, with a great revolving crown of imandescent lights on top What are claimed to be the largest fire engines in the world ar” the two MOB riii entry In Condon ()no is cap - stile of throwing 1.400, the other 1.800 to 2,000 gallons of water per minute The machines weigh three and one half tons es h, and can be readily drawn at full gallop by four horse. It is said that 300,000 cubic feet of 'ter Outlets ISO feet downward over Os Niagara escarpment every second, thus wasting 10,000.000 horse power of energy to the second. have what is now in existence. As the present capacity of the mints is said to be about forty or fifty millions a year, it necessarily follows that for a con- siderable time our supply of money would be limited to from five to six hundred millions of silver, and even this small amount would only be worth 50 cents on the dollar, according to the Banner. That is substantially what the Banner meant, what it said, and what it now repeats. Nothing could more conclusively demonstrate the weakness of its state- ment than the quibbling manner in which it attempts to squirm out of an untenable poeition. For the purpose of this discussion it is wholly imma- terial whether it meant that we would only have five hundred millions of sil- ver, or a little more. The point was that our money supply would be di- minished and at the same time cheaper ---an utter impossibility. The Banner also accuses us of mis- representing Secretary Herbert, We did nothing of the kind, The Secretary stated in the plainest possible manner that under free teenage silver would depreciate because it would be 80 abun- dant. lie used confederate money mere- isas an illustration. Upon this point he said: \In the Confederacy, confederate money soon drove both gold and silver out of circulation because. the confed- erate money was cheaper. For a little while this motley passed at par, but very soon—just as soon as it iiecauac abundant -sit began to cheapen:' What does the Banner think Secre- tary Herbert meant by that? if he did not mean that silver would depreciate as soon as it became \abundant\ and In consequence of its abundance, his Illustration was wholly pointless. But the Banner virtually admits that money cannot be scarcer and cheaper at the same time by its puerile effort to evade the logic of its own statement, although unconsciously, it seems, it repeats the game absurdity in tile ar- ticle given above. But let us pursue this point a step further. Suppose we were to adopt free coinage. The Ban - net says we would have \nothing but silver.\ Where would our paper cur- rency be? Would we not still have the greenbacks, the treasury notes and na- tional bank notes? If not, where would they go? The cold truth Is that the Banner deliberately tried to deceive ite readers. It intended to make them believe that under free coinage $500,000,000 In silver would constitute our entire stock of money. Else why was that BUM so spe- cifically named' If it meant simply that gold would retire from circulation allli that our only metellie money would be depreciated silver, why did it not say so? The trouble with that great public Instructor (?) is that it completely over- reached itself by trying to prove too much. Being detected and exposed, it tries to divert attention from Its own preposterous statement by calling the National Bimetallist names. The declaration that there is no coun- try where silver coinage is free that has a per capita eiri Illation of $10 is another illustration of its fairness anti letelligence In argument. It seeks to convey the impression that the small per capita of money in India and China is owing to the fact that they use silver, and that we would drop to the same level under free collage. It omitted to explain bow hose coun- tries could have inereased their money supply by abandoning sliver and adopt- ing the gold standard. Is the Banner aware of tile fart that I? all the gold coin in the world wire thrown bodily into China. it would only make about $10 per capita? Does it know that if divided among the people of China. Japan and India. It would make less than $6 per capita? Does it know that the entire stock of gold in the world is less than $3 per capita of the world's population? Does it thinl. that there is no difference between a Chinaman anti tin American except that the former has the silver stand- ard while ours Is gold' Such a con- clusion might apply well to the staff of the Banner. but It certainly does not fit the American people generally If the editor of the Banner in good conscience thinks that the hat kward- ness anit scarcity of money in silver using emintrthe 11. owing tii the poison- ous Influence of that metal, we can only urge him to the interest of the patrons; of his paper to read a Child's History of the World. 'rho WIMP advice May be very profitably acted upon by all who attempt to uphold the gold standard iv pointing to elle limited supply of money In silver using countries. Tilt' very circtimstanee that goid standard countries have been compelled to eke mit their gold with large amounts of (diver and uncovered paper, ought to demonstrate the insufficiency of the gold supply and its instability as a standard of valor, even to the confused intern- gt nee of the Nashville Banner How - Pt or. as our mtsuuuttiu is to enlighten. If that paper will keep up its pranient style of ills, ossion. we shall be very glad to oreasionally comment opon Its phlloaophical 'utterances We ean ima- gine no ether way in welch our 100,- 000 readers earl he given so clear a con- ception of the most ridiculone of all the Hee nlous laimn put forth on be- half of the gold atanderd - - -- Labor of all kinds ham Lad a vor, prosperous year In Milwaukee. Wintering Bows Successful wintering of bees is the great corner stone of apiculture, and whoever has succeeded by any method should be slow to think of changinfe to some other method, writes Geo. Spit- ler. In the more northern latitudes bees are put into caves dug in him ground, while in the South bees winter safely upon the summer stands, without any preparation. In the more temperate climate where sudden changes take place bees must be protected by some method. The writer has had but little ex- perience in cellar wintering, as he soon I found that for best results it was nec- essary that bees, when carried from the cellar in the spring, be proteeted from tbe sudden changes of temperature at that time of year, to accomplish which packing in chaff or some other material must be resorted to, especially if the colonies are rearing brood, which is often the case. In cellar wintering It is desirable, in fact essential, that a portion of the cellar be used which will be disturbed Us little as possible ;hiring the long winter, for perfect quietness is a very essential condition. A place should be selected where the temperature can be in a measure regulated' and where bees are free from sudden changes and draughts of air. Colonies should be taken to the cel- lar when settled cold is likely to set in, usually by the middle of November, sometimes earlier and sometimes later. I have always thought it best to have a chaff cushion over the frames when bees are in the cellar, to absorb mois- ture--the roof of the hive being left off. Place the hives on a platform from. 18 inches to two feet from the cellar bottom, with the bottom removed, or at least inch blocks placed under the corners of the hives to allow of ven- tilation and the removal of dead bees. I have also found sawdust scattered over the cellar bottom a good thing to help In keeping the cellar sweet, as the bees that crawl front the hive to die are thus kept from the ground, and Instead of moulding and creating a stench, they wither and dry up. Remember to provide an entrance for the bees to pass out and in at any time, which is done with a little \bridge we call it, to fit closely over the en- trance to the hive so that mice cannot enter to disturb the bees, which they are very apt to do if they have the least chance. The roof must be made to fit closely, so as to keep out rain and snow, but great care is required, and it is very important that the roof be so construct- ed that there will be plenty of space over the packing so that the moisture caused by condensation will rise, which It would not do if the roof touches the parking. It Is perhaps best to bore inch holes Into each gable end of the roof, cover- ing the hole with wire eloth, which will admit the passage of a current of air over the chaff, this will keep the chis- ter of bees dry. and beeS never freeee If they are ',tot dry. VY'tit are now ready to place the hive into the packing box, which can be done at any time when everything 'is dry and the day Is not too warm, so that flying bees interfere; but it should be done before stifled cold weather. There will be less lif ng of hives if the bottom board of t side case is. 1008e, so that it can b slipped tinder the hive when it is raised, the outside being placed over the whole; this is not material, as it Is no great trial ot strength for a person to place the hive Into the outside case. Care ahould hue used to atoll jarring the hive. If you would avoid trouble. The packing. whatever it may lie (the writer prefers wheat chaff), should be pressed around the hive rather lightly; if too compact it is more apt to hold moisture. Provision must be made AU that bees can pass from one comb to another; this could have been done tic. - fore by making a holy through the combs toward the top. but the same end Is served and the eomb is not mutilator' with what becikerpera' supply dealer', call a \11111's device. - If this is not at hand, tack sticks; of wood. one-half Inch square. two or three inches wide. long enough to reach nearly across the frames; place this crosswise thew frames, sticks down. This; will admit of bees passing from comb to comb to get honey in a cold time, which they would not do if they haul to pees around the combs. Where stich provision Is !not made bees often starve while stir- : rounded with plenty. Even corn -cobs !laid (wrong the frnmes will answer the same purpose. Now aprend your burlap cloth or tiny porima cloth over hive, bees and all, and fill In chaff better about six ince- es thick Ism the edges of cloth back into the box. and if occiudon demands “itt can easily get at the bees. 'rho less they aro disturbed the better, If 'ley have been properly attended to. Blind iforsea. It in said that there are more blind horses In America ihnn In any other country, and these are found dslefly where they are st.abied nil , ' Mills; fed for the purpose of fat- tening, Illimlnese seems to bear a gym - pat hotle relation, we thus Re., with In- diget.tion. Another serious source is from the bad, un*holesome stables tis the citles.—Ex. s