The Wickes Pioneer (Wickes, Mont.) 1895-1896, February 22, 1896, Image 1
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a VOL. I. WICKES PIONEER. \Free Coinage of Gold and Silver at the Ratio of 16 to 1.\ WICKES, MONTANA, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 22,1896. v i NO. 29 KOEGEL & JOHNSON PROPRIETORS Billiard Hall and Saloon. Our Specialties are: Chase's Barley Malt. Bottled Beer, $3.25 Per Case. WE HANDLE THE FINEST BRANDS OF ON THE MARKET. A SHARE OF YOUR TRADE IS SOLICITED. KOEGEL & JOHNSON, MAIN STREET Wickes, - - Montana. APPLAUSE IN CHI RCH. A CHICAGO DIVINE ON THE VENEZUELAN CASE. Rey. Myron W. Haynes Says that Chris- tianity Demands that F:nglaud Shall lie Rebuked for Oppressing a Weak Power—A Strong Sermon. PPLAUSE seldom breaks oist in church. When it does the pulse of a nation is felt. That is what happened in a Chicago church during the heat of the Venezuelan ex- citement. Rev. My- ron W. Haynes of the Engiewo 6 - 11 Vaptist congregation stirred his au- ditors to applause when he said: \When weak humanity is wronged we have a right to resent it, and I believe with the force of arms.\ Much applause fol- lowed. Mr. Haynes preached from the text: \Think not I am come to send peace on earth; I come not to send Peace, but a sword.\ Luke, ii, 1-32. He said, among other things: \Why do ministers who mistake weakness for piety, say that war can never be justifiable among civilized nations? To say that a Christian should never engage in warfare, ex- :.ept that moral warfare which is waged In his own bosom, is to say that a man whom God has equipped with muscle, brain, skill and a prophetic vision of consequences should rest in supine qui- escence and allow wrong to trample upon right; atheism and paganism to supplant Christianity. It is the most pusillanimous twaddle, and is unwor- thy the utterance of an intelligent man. \I assume that wars are sometimes justifiable, and that a Christian may bear arms and do no violence, to the Christian character. We are now in the midst of ware and rumors of wars. The crash of cannon breaks in upon Christmas cantatas. The echo of Christmas bells is drowned by the bugle's war clarion. The cries of the aying and outraged come leaping over the sea and choke our Christmas mel- ody. In the midst of our peace an- thems we are forced to face the awful realities of war. Thousands of hunted, trembling Armenians send up piteous appeals for protection. The white faces of the outraged dead look re- proachfully from the shallow graves which scarcely cover their shame, and trouble the eonscience of every decent man. Hunted, , a oppreased, outraged, butchered at the very altar of their God, they turn their blood -stained faces toward Christendom and ask: 'Is it Christian to allow ttis thus to be mur- dered like so many beasts in a pen?' As the waves of the sea ripple from the reefs at Key West they bring the echo of the strife in Cuba, where a band of patriots are striving to throw off the yoke of a nation whose whole history has been one of oppression, bigotry and shame, whose annals are stained by the names of such monsters as Pizarro, Cortez, Phillip II., and the infamous Duke of Alva. What inherent right, what divine right, Spain has to demand revenue from Cuba to support her in- dolence and profligacy, I am unable to tell. Is it wrong for men to fight un- der these cireumstances? \I read in the daily papers that the pastors of New York last Sunday in- dulged in wholesale denunciation of the president's war message. They de - 'Lire it would be a crime for tan Chris - tian nations like England and America to go to war. Perhaps this' gentle- men think the war of 1776 a a- a rime. Perhaps they think our French friends aided and abetted a crime when they extended to the distracted colonies a helping hand. If all this be true we ought to tear down the stately pile at Bunker Hill, for it stands only to per- petuate the memory of Manly. Will the Gotham preachers tell miPivhether our ancestors did right or wrong at Concord. Lexington and Yot k tewn? They may assume t1131 WP Were. fight- ing for liberty while the present Vene- zuelan dispute is over a boundary line. That makes no difference, Human rights are Involved in the Ventvuelan dispute. and whenever hutirto rights are ignored liberty 18 Itit man rights are human rights whit or In America, Armenia, Cuba or Vene- zuela. I want no war with any nation, but I believe we might do meaner, baser, more unchristian things than go to war. What? Do a more unchris- tian thing than kill a man? What van it be? To stand by, as the Chris- tian world is to -day, and let the bar- barous Turk murder men and outrage women by the thousands. It Is a blot on Christian civilization that we allow such atrocities to continue. I believe Almighty fitul Is tot the aide of right. I do not care a fig for tho Monroe doc- trine toth as it becomes the expression of a great principle what ought to pre- xttil If the Monroe doctrine says that England shall not be allowed to tram- ple upon the rights of the V,S1PZIO'INT1 reptildte. then 1 say horrah for ttIP Monroe doctrine If, on the other hand, it says we must not interfere in Cuban matters, but tier mit the Span- iards to trample upon Cuban rights, then I say avaunt, Monroe doctrine. Let us enunciate doctrine that will support the rights of the children of men everywhere on the face of God's earth. I have no undue longings for a fight with England. She is a good fighter. Her people have many sterling qualities for which I have profound respect; but there are some reflections which anise before me as we stand face to face with this mighty people. When I call to mind the fact that she forced opium into China at the 'mouth of a cannon against the protests of the wisest and best of the Chinese citizens, thus debauching a nation for trade; when I remember that she sacrificed General Gordon, one of God's noblemen, rather than sacrifice her own aggran- dizement; when I reflect that he has power to at oeoe put an end to Ar- menian atrovitles, but dilly dallies on account of Turkish trade and the 500,- 000,000 Turkish bonds held by English subjects; when I see her rapacity in seeking to rob a little South American province of her rightful territory, I am led to believe that this country might bring far more reproach upon itself than by resisting with arms such gold - worshiping, trade -monopolizing, juts Hee-denying people. \I cannot be forced into the belief' that God expected no Christian to take part in wars. When personal insult is offered it is Christian to be pacific, tranquil, forgiving; when weak, help- less humanity is wronged we have a right to resist it, and, I believe, with force of arms. Only by this course shall evil doers be made to shrink and bestial natures be.conquered. How ar- dently we all desire peace; not a shame- ful peace, but a glorious peace!\ THE WOMEN OF ARMENIA. Bright and Hard -Working -Many WIll Become Doctors, Mdlle. Beglarion, the young Armenian lady doctor of whose history our Vien- na correspondent lately gave an ac- count, delivered a lecture in that city last night before an audience composed chiefly of persons interested in the question of woman's higher education, says the London Daily News. Her sub- ject was \The Women of Armenia and Their Mohammedan Sisters.\ Our cor- respondent telegraphs: \Millie. Mar- garitt Beglarion did not hesitate to op- pose Prof. Albert's assertions as to the inferiority of women, as far as the Ar- menians are concerned. She said that when an Armenian looks around him he can certainly not say that all he sees is man's handiwork, for it is rather worriers's: The products of industry which have made the country famous—silks and wools, carpets and embroideries—are all made by women in Armenia from the treatment of the raw material ad the designs to the final processes of manufacture. No male Armenian claims to have had a part in this work, nor does he dream of looking down upon woman as an inferior being. There is not a single proverb in all the dialects of the country that ridicule woman, though there are innumerable ones in her praise. Armenians say: \Let wom- en learn all they can -they will be so much more useful, and we will marry them all the more willingly.\ Dr. Beglarion mentioned that women were now to be admitted to the Petersburg university, and promised herself great results from this liberal concession, as hundreds of families, whose girls hail passed through the grammar et -hook and seminaries in Tiflis, declared ttu. should send them to study medico, and 80 obtain relief from the terrabls dearth of doctors in Armenia. The Opera Bat In Paris. The at of till' dirpctor of the Comedic Francalse to forbid the wear - of hats by the ladies in the or- chestra stalls is extending itself to the other Paris theaters. The Opera Comlque and one or two other houses have made similar regulations. But the ladies are up in arms. They threat- en to boycott all the theaters which Im- pose restrictions on their attire. As a reimit of their ire their hats it , , I sleeves are larger than e‘er. At t, opening night of a new play at ti' Porte St. Martin lately the hats and sleeves were so enormous that a lead- ing critic began his article next day by saying that he had seen nothing of tho piece, of the scenery, of the actors, or of the costumes, and had seen nothing but hats and sleeves. The Pet Dog Craze. Among occasional objects of one's pity are the little pet dogs which elder- ly ladles, who are generally clad In rich black silk. clidale in their arm'', in- doors and out of doors, through the livelong day. At a certain Brigla .11 hotel tointt-ti no less than sever, if those lit tli. curly-heired triPs iii chilli he/ it H..voT1 caps , hoes SOTO , VIRilo , r14, It Is WPII ItTIOWD, to ilOgR ill Ft hotel, and consequently prohibithe price is put upon their ad- mittance The harge is aometine , s iS high as one guinea per day. -St. Jame( lindget- LAW AND GOLD VALVES DEMONETIZE IT AND ITS PRICE WILL FALL AT ONCE. In That Respect It Is No Better than Sil- ver Still the Plutocrats Claim that They Cannot See the Problem That Way. Prior to 1F44 the price of gold bullion in London averaged £3 17s. 6d. an ounce, while the mint rate was £3 17s. 10 1 / 2 d. In other words, an ounce of gold in the form of coin was worth 44( 1 pence more than the same gold was be- fore it was coined. Why': The' gold- ite persistently claims that the value of gold is altogether independent of coin- age. Then what reason was there for English coin being worth 4 1 ,4 pence an ounce more than plain gold bullion? There could be but one reason. The coin was more desirable than the bul- lion. But why more desirable? There was just one thing that could be done with coin that could net be done with uncoined bullion. People could pay their debts with it. The coin was \le- gal tender.\ The man who owed an- other a pound sterling could tender a gold sovereign in full payment and the creditor' was legally bound to take it. But ten tons of gold bullion at the mar- ket price, of which we hear so much, 'would not be a good - tender\ for the smallest debt. Therefore a man who had gold bullion would sell it to some broker for less than its coinage rate in order to get money, because with money he could pay his debt or procure any- thing else that he needed. But it may be asked, How was It that the bullion was worth less than the coin when coinage was free? For the simple reason that there was a de- lay in executing the coinage. When a man deposited gold at the mint, on an average he had to wait about sixty days for returns. Rather than do this he took the bullion to some broker and suffered a loss of 4 1 / 2 pence on each ounce In order to at once get the coin. But in 1844 the English Parliament passed a law compelling the Bank of England to receive all gold bullion of suffielent fineness and pay for it at the rate of fa 17s. 9,1. an ounce, the bank being allowed a margin of 1 1 / 2 pence ' -iver (inner on the mint rate of £3 17s. loyl Front that day to this there has never been an ounce of gold bought or sold the London market for less than the Pr it set upon it by the law. Here in America, if the depositor of gold had to wait for his money, the bullion would be worth less than the coin, and the difference would be in proportion to the length of the wait. If instead of waiting sixty days, as formerly in England, the depositor had to wait flea Teat)) tO•let - lits ruin, it is scarcely necessary to say that the dif- ference would be very great. If the bullion could not be coined at all the difference would be still greater. But there is no delay and no charge for coinage. As soon as the value of a deposit is ascertained the depositor re- ceives a draft for the amount, and the transaction is closed so far as be is concerned. The coinage Is Lhen execut- ed according to the capacity or conveni- ence of the mint. Of course the closing of the Ameri- can mint to gold would not destroy its coinage value elsewhere. The mints of other countries remaining open it would be coined In those countries at the rates prescribed by law. For example, It would still be coined in England at £3 17e. 10 1 / 2 d, an ounce, because the law provides that any person depositing gilt at the royal mint may have it oined into money at that rate. If every other country in the world hould prohibit the coinage or use of gold AS money it would still be coined it £3 17s. 10 1 / 2 d. in England under the existing law. Its nominal or \money\ ;due would be the same. But its value , I/ exchange would be less. It would not bey so much. If a man could not use gold as money anywhere except in England he would be very silly to glve is many bushels of wheat or pounds of utton for /111 ounce of gold as he Will tt , vo now when it can be coined and ott In many countries. So we see mat me expressions that a \gold dollar is always worth a dol- lar.\ or \100 cents.\ and that \gold naillion is just as good as gold coin\ to not touch the essence of the money iliestion at all. Gold bullion is as t;ood as gold coin for the simple reason that the law makes it so that is. by operation of law gold bullion is in- stantly convertible into coin, and with- out expense. But if there were a charge for coin- ing, as above stated, a delay in getting returns, the bullion would not be worth as much as coin. We also see that the 'money value\ of gold Is entirely a matter of law, be- cause money itself is a matter of law. When we say that an ounce of pure gold Is worth $20 67 we simply mean that uti, i»ince of the metal will cut and stamp into h,11 :111101111t of money. But If there law on the subject golil wottid lutt,e no coinage value at all. !weans'' , it could sot be coined. Its valor.. then, would be just what It would exchange for In wheat, or cot- ton, or corn. or whalc‘er might he wanted And Oita la the fact tow The real value of ahi tt,itig la what it will exchange for in other thingt., because \value\ is purely a term of exchange. If people will bestow a little taought upon the sabject they will easily per- ceive that the declaration of a gold dos- lar always being worth 100 cents, which is put forth by the gold standard peo- ple as a \clincher does not in the re- motest degree touch the main question. It takes Just as many grains of gold to make a \dollar\ as the law says shall be put into a dollar. At one time it took 27 grains of gold to make a make a dollar. Now it only takes 25 8-10. Why? Simply because the law has been changed. But to -day the gold dollar of 25 8-10 grains is about twice as valuable as the gold dollar of 27 grains formerly was— that is, it will exchange for about twice the quantity of other things. The main reason ror this is that sil- ver, which formerly shared about equally with gold the demand for money use, has been demonetized and the de- mand has been concentrated upon gold, with the result that its value in ex- change or purchasing power has been nearly or quite doubled. This means that the producer is now selling his product for about on/their the amount of money which be f rmer- \ ly obtained for it.—National Bimetal. list. ARE AGAINST SILVER. That's Ali the National Bimetallist c•ros to Know About Men and Things. Sof& of our contemporaries seem to be laboring under a misapprehension with reference to the position of this paper and a word of explanation may not be ill-timed. The National Bimetallist has noth- ing but kind words and kind feelings for all who are laboring for the remon- etization of silver. It is endeavoring to educate the peo- ple to the very best of its ability, and, what is more, it is not seeking to make any money out of it. If it can do some good, and just pay expenses, the ambition of the manage- ment will be more than satisfied. We also desire to say once more and in the clearest possible way that the National Bimetallist does not repre- sent the \Patriots of America\ or any other secret political organization whatever. Its work is being done openly, honestly and in the great fo- rum of the American people. Referring to a suggestion lately made that the National Bimetallist 'strikes Democratic gold bugs only, we desire to say that we really did not know that Mr. Sherman was, or ever had been, a Democrat. Our recollection is that we have struck him a few blows and one page of each issue of this pa- per regularly links the names of Sher- . man and Carlisle. An attack upon Sherman is in effect an attack upon every other Republican who agrees with his views. We very freely admit, though, that our heaviest blows have been aimed at Cleveland an his Democratic cuck- oos. That, however, is merely because the Cleveland administration is now in control of our finances and is the great power that 'immediately confronts us. Our strictures upon Cleveland, Car- lisle, Herbert, Morton, Eckies and Preston have been called out by their recent utterances and relate to cur- rent events. It they were in private life we should have paid no attention to them except, perhaps, as their utterances might have furnished texts upon which we could have advantageously laid the true doc- trine of bimetallism before our read- ers. The sliver question cannot be settled by wildly kicking at nothing and wast- ing whole magazines of ammunition on the manner in which silver was demon- etized twenty-two years ago. What we want chiefly is to show that it is for the best interests of the people that it should be restored, whatever may have been the method of its demonetization. In conclusion, and for all, we desire to say that the National Bimetallist stands upon absolutely impartial ground. It will attack a Republican just as readily and as strongly as It will a Democrat. But the prominent Re- publican anti -silver men have been low\ of late. When they emerge from cover our guns will he trained upon them, and if they don't get hurt it will be because the National Bimet- allist is not able to bring the necessary force to bear. This Journal makes the cause of bi- metallism paramount to every other question and will strike with all its power any man or any party that Is opposed to the complete reetoration of silver. But it does not intend to waste Its shot upon those who are in hiding, whether they be Republicans or Dem- ocrats.—National iftn•hiesa In Kansas. The -revival of business has reached Sedan, Kan., and a southwestern news- paper notes an Improverhent in the horse market in that town, reporting that a Imsal trailer who last week trad- ed one chicken for one horse now holds one horse for two chickens. Clara Mr. Sandstone wrote some lovely poetry In the ‘alentine he sent me. It was to Ito, effect that it no - Oohed the roc“ In my cheeks Maude Hand painted, wasn't It? PRISONERS ON THEIR HONOR. Easy to Manage If the (ufticor ilas Their Good Will. Harney, one of the moonshin- era now in jail here, walked twenty miles to give himself up to the rev- enue officers, says the Louisville Cou- rier -Journal. This is not uncommon in Ike mountain counties. A number of tho deputies who make periodical visits to the counties of Pike. Knott, alagoffin, etc., have little trouble in arresting the men they are after, while other officers have to tight for their lives. It is told of one of the deputy mar- shals that whenever he wants a man he simply writes a letter to him inform- ing him that an indictment has been returned against him and that he wants to met him on a certain day at a neighboring town. Some of the letters wind up like this: \I also have iaarrants for several of the other boys (naming them), and I wish you would see them and tell them that I will be in -- on and for them to be there.\ It is said that many of the men make their appearance at the place and time ,eesignated. . Several deputy marshals who go to the top of the Cumberland for prison- ers occasionally let the men \tend their crops\ while they are under arrest. The cfficer goes through the country, meets the man and says: \Tom I've a warrant for your ar- rest.\ \All right; I've been 'spectin' it.\ \I know yoe've a big crop, though, and as court don't meet before Octo- ber, you can 'tend your crop and come tip poen\ to Louisvillejust before court Then the man would return to his work and at the appointed time he would be in this city ready to answer to the charge against him when his ease was called. Several months ago one of the old- est of the deputy United States mar- ahals in Kentucky walked up to the door of the county Jail and asked for the jailer. He was Introduced to Mr. Watts and said: \I have three 'shiners' that I brought from Magoffin comity.Awe came on the train I left my 'mitlmuses' in my saddle bags and when we oarne out of the coach I forgot my saddle bags. I want to know If you will let me put up these prisoners In jail here without the papers? I will get the 'mitiniuses' in a few days and it will be all right anti Fr o p e r. \ Jailer Watts told the man he would accommodate him because of his bail luck. \But where are the prisoners?\ said the jailer. - 0h, them! Well, they're out In town some place. We came in yesterday and I told them they might knock about the city until I arranged it with you for them to go ia here. I'll go and look them up and bring them in.\ In about an hour he returned with three typical mountaineers, who said they had enjoyed looking at the sights of the city very much. They had never been in Leuisville before anti thought it a great :eat to be able to \ride thar free.\ .,,en though they came as prla- otters. Human Pedigrees. The effect of pedigree is a great puz- ale. because careful attention to It seems to refine some families without in the least refining other—a dozen castes In Irdia are equally old and careful of deseent, yet only the Brahmins and Eshetreyas are clearly aristocrats --but If there is any trudi in heredity the tiescendants of the reigning houses, once compelled to exert themselves, should be men and women of special force, Those houses have kept at the top of the world for nearly a thousand years. The objection that they have inter- married too much, even if it Is true, which is doubtful, except where some taint hal. entered the blood, would dis- appear In two generations of plebeian marriages and the conseloos , ies4 of an- cestry does not of necesetit\ weaken character. We doubt if the popes have as, a body been abler men than the Hohenzollern, and the popes have been the picked men of a pries , hood count- !ng thousand* and have had as many opportunities of action and of display- ing themselves as any line of kIngs,-. The Spectator. Cash In Its Name. Twenty-four miles north , a Ter- rell. Tex., on the Texas Midl ind rail- road, of which E. H. R. Green, son of Mrs. Nettie Green, is president and general manager, is a station named Sylvia, named in honor of Mrs Green's sister, A postoffice 11 It- u istab_ fished there, but the nam , :-;,; II la would not be accepted l, the list of - flee department. Out of a nutlike' of names sent, for select ion Cash was ac- cepted. Monev is postmaster at Cash, J. L. Mont , re, ing the appointment as postma , ter - - Portrait of l'o.whoolos•. IlenrN thyiv=11 I,nown Ameri , an Tiler , hant in I /01`, , Ion. ptesented to the aenato of the United. Statea the oortralt of Pocahontas, a hiell was Ill the woman's belittling of the world 4 fair it was painted in England after her conversion to Chrie- tlanity and her marriage o John Rolfe.