The Wickes Pioneer (Wickes, Mont.) 1895-1896, March 07, 1896, Image 1
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• • • WICKES PIONEER. VOL. L \Free Coinage of Gold and Silver at the Ratio of 16 to 1.\ \V ICKEs, MONTANA, SATURDAY. MA VII 7, 1896. NO. 31 KOEGEL & JOHNSON PROPRIETORS Billiard Hall Hall and Saloon. Our Specialties are: Chase's Barley Malt Bottled Be $.3.2S Per Case. WE HANDLE THE FINEST BRANDS OF . Wing, Hours, ON THE A SHARE OF YOUR TRADE IS SOrACITED. VETERANS \ CORNER. SOME SHORT STORIES OF IN- TEREST TO OLD SOLDIERS. Mrs. lhady Brownell. t h.• Only heir. tarty Enlisted N'ornart Dot loth; the tari: War, Now ln tto, 1:ans.lol of the (Its , of 'New 1 ork Saved 31a,.• lases. 1 '4 \ ROM the New York v World: The only 1 woman regularly enlisted in the civil war became an em- ploye of the sity ot New York last week as altandant of one of the cot- tages in Central park. Her name is Mrs. Kady Brow- nell. She served under Gen. Burn- side for three years, and was a color - bearer at Bull Run. but she is as sprightly and cheery as a woman of 30. She joined a company known as the car - lancers, and was made its color -bearer. The colonel of her regiment is author- ity for the statement that she became a skillful shot arid that no soldier in the rtgiment equaled her at a slashing sa- ber stroke. She marched beside her hus- band In the ranks, asking no favors or consideration on account of her sex, and always wearing the accoutrements of.a soldier. Here is a description of her, written by D. 11. Jennings. the man who proposed her for membership in the Grand Army: \Mrs. Brownell was tall, rather dark and quite slender, showing her Scotch ancestry in her face. Her hair, which was straight, hung flowing to a little below her shoulders, an'l was tied plainly back with a blue ribbon. Her uniform was a blue flannel blouse and rather full skirt, falling almost to her ankles. She always wore her belt and saber, and on the march wore boots. When the First Rhode Island stood be- , fare Richmond on that awful July day Kady was there with her colors. She was located on a slight eminence, ana tlw flag she an jealously guarded formed a definite rallying point for the men as the skirmish deepened into a general engagement. Shells screamed through the air like howling fiends, but Kady stood by her colors.\ After the war Mrs. Brownell and her husband re- turned to Rhode Island. He went into politics and finally drifted to this city, where he was in the emplay of th4sale- * pertinent of public works. A year ago, he says, he went out of office to make room for a Tammany man. Mrs. Brow- nell's application for the position was supported by a letter from Gen. Burn- side, written in 1868, in which he said: er , \Mrs. Brownell was with my command during the campaign in North Carolina. and by her service on the battlefield of Newborn and in the hospital located there sa‘ed many officers and soldiers from death.\ England Not to He Envied. \The position of England to -day is most unenviable,\ said a Chicago min - later in a recent sermon. \While poss Mg on one hand as the most civilized nation In the world, on the other she offers her eternal friendship to the most barbarous ruler in the modern world. Professing to be the friend of the per- secuted and the champion of freedom, she looks on the perpetration of unut- terable crimes against humanity and ttWows months and years to pass with- out any decided interference. Ireland and Armenia are the everlasting dis- grace of Great Britain. England is to- day the bulwark of Ottoman misrule in Asia Minor. For half a century she has allowed the extermination of the Armenians at the hands of the Turk for commercial purposes, as well as for po- Iltleal jealousies. While sending nits- ' sionarien to convert the Mohammedans MARKE1‘. of India, England sends soldiers to sup- port Islam in Turkey and Armenia. It is no longer the sword of the Arabian • prophets -that was broken by Charles Martel—it is the sword of England that propagates and maintains the koran in Asia. Since 1561 the Armenians, with outstretched arms, mangled and bleed- ing under the sultan's hoofs, have prayed to Great Britain for help. but England, like the sultan, has only prom- ised help reform, without keeping the ptomlse. Will 1596 close with the mil- t:in still on 1118 throne. England hold- ing up his hand dripping with the blood of a nation? I lay the responsibility for the atrocious nairders rind wholesale masstacres in Armenia at the door of the tory government of England. Every drop of blood spilled in Armenia, every child bayoneted, every maiden ravished by brittrs, brands; her majesty's present government with a disgrace whieh, in the w Gladstone, will le) intl... KOEGEL Sr JOHNSON, ibis. or\ 411.1 atiliter• Imre. MAIN STREET 'Wickes, - - Montana. \The Pathwaie of Mnt hail Discipline\ lird(l). by Thomas Sty ward. le full of 1,1.1 ti's and abounds In quaint remarks. say s the Gent letnan's Magazine Giving the thole') of a pros net marshal we find site shall, according to the !awes, punish all 017Pridera. without regard or resrect of persons. and In the market- pla, shall set up a palr of gallows, both for the terror of ths v.), Sod and for the f•Tef ion upon them that offend the le weft That he shall set upon all victuals bronght to market a reasonable ' price, that thr seller and the buye r ins , ressonably hi' by it in the office of coronet (or colonel, the Iwo terms seem to 1litre. been introduced at the same time but the latter became the favorite), after mentioning his appointing of as many captains as is needful, giving 300 men to a company, \which I; 1•• convenient number, - tor ;1 the men are divided into smaller companies tao much money would be spent on the Writers. With regard to •the lieutenant, he is i te be \of great ex- periences. qualities and behaviour.\ \The coronet shall also examine the selections that the captains have made of all the officers throughout their com- panies and If they be such as ought to be or not much worse he may allow them and not otherwise.\ Before firearms drove out all other weapons It was an object to equalize the strength of the company, \the shot\ tab the musketeers came to be called) sap- pleincnting the pikes. All the combin- ations of men for drilling which are given by various authors illust rate this: thus for the defense from horse- men \place the ranks of pikes esery way, your shot next unto them, your bills (or halberds) and ensign in the midst, the pikes' ends couched down the bettr to resist the enemy.\ All kinds of dodges are taught -thus: \If in sight of the enemy, which is superior in numbers, the front rank cf pikes shall snread out so ais to admit the men of the second rank in the open spaces. But if the enemy manifest a real intention of attacking, and there be no place of refuge near, the second rank shall reurn to their places and all shall rerrie close together. The shot shall be placed in the voward and rear- ward, so that they may skirmish and retire as occasion serveth.\ The Training of Soldiers. While there are many disadvantages connect) 1 with the life of a common soldier, here are some compensating circumstances that ti s public rarely takes into consideration. The common soldier, when he lives up to army regu- lations, is so situated as to enjoy every needed condition in the way of health and flue physical development. He also has many mental and moral privileges, provided he takes advantage of them, and is on the whole much better off than Is generally supposed. There is a great prejudice in the pub- lic mind agains, soldiering, and occa- sional abuses have increased this feel- ing until it is not easy to get good en- listed men. Of course, the thought of training men simply to shoot and be shot at has its unpleasant side,but all the same, they are necessary for the safety of their country and probably will be to the end of time, especially if peace con- gresses make no more headway than they are doing at present. Rifle prac- tice, games of all kinds, and athletic exercises are part of the regular em- ployment. It is now recommended that more freedom be given to the men in after- noon hours in order that they may have practice in bicycle riding and other amusements, and may have more time to themselves to follow their own pleas- ures. There is a tendency toward more freedom in the intermingling of offi- cers and men, and a better state of feel- ing between them than has hitherto existed. Contests in athletic games are suggested not only In the garrison, but between those at accessible points. Marches out trough the coulltry are proposed, not alone for practice, but for the purpose of taking the men into new scenes. Barrack life is exceedingly bum- drum,and the men become restless when confined too long in one place. Where soldiers are quartered near the water, It is proposed to supply racing shells, boats and all necessary appliances for exercise. Rubber heels are to be at- tached to army shoes, experiments hav- ing shown that the jar to the body Is greatly decreased and much fatigue is avoided. A review of the condition of th• army shows an unusual amount of intelli- gence In the suggestions of those In charge of the various departments. It is possible to make the condition of the comm ie:1 soldier much more comfortable and agreeable without rendering the service too costly, and this, according to all indications, the nar department is Inclined to do. ' Napoleon In the Rosalanefampeign. Around the camp -fires tha, was, dur- fng the remaining months of winter, passive eminrance, mingled with eome murmuring about the horrors caused by one man's ambition. The emperor set his men an example of un:•omplaining cheerfulness Iiis health eontinued aa eXlIberatit ss It had been for the year past, and his activity, though no longer feverish. lost nothing of its intensits. Savary thought he outdid himself, ac- complishing in one month what else- where would have been, even for aim, the work of three. Mme. Remnant remembered to have heard hItti say that he felt hotter during those moatEs than ever hefrwe Wailer This vlitor of body, combined wink the Rani , •rout determination as of old.did Indyr d work miracles, and this in spite of the fact that his indefatigable eecretars ‘1aret, was long at the point of death Life et Napoleon\ in the Century. — — s , .ingle firm of taxidermietm at Bat JAPAN AND SILVER, GROWING RICH ON THE USE OF THE WHITE METAL. Enabled to ( .c ii.,. Ith the Pro- ducers of t t, 1 i,lIr. ii orld William tortiv Suundv - aruing Note to l'ougress. William E. Curtis, writing recently from Japan to the Chicago Record, said With regard to the use of silver in Ja- pan: \Speaking as one who does not believe in silver moaey nor bimetallism unless it be universally adopted and all thc nations of the earth agree to main-, tam the value of silver, rmust, never- theless, admit that it is the uniform testimony of all concerned that the de- menetization of the white metal by the repeal of the Bland law in the United States and the suspension of coinage in ledia was a great thing for Japan. \.% few theorists, arguing from the Standpoint of what ought to be instead of a has Is, insist that Japan shall join England Ithe Latin Union) and the United States in an international agree- ment to maintain a certain parity be- tween the metals, but it is by no means a popular idea. They are college pro- fessors. minority members of Parlia- ment, idle men who think and read a great deal and do nothing, and others who are ;entirely without practical ex- perienee or a knowledge of trade and industry. Most of theta pave been edu- cated in England and have got their financial notions from reading the Times and the Economist. The solid, wise men, who are governing the em- pire. say: 'No, let the debtors and the creditors of Europe and America fight it out. Meantime we will saw wood... The longer England holds to. is single standard the better 'twill be for Japan. We haye no foreign debt. We owe nothing abroad. Therefore we do not have to buy gold to pay interest charges. The import trade is pearly all In the hands of foreigners, and we don't care how high foreign manufactured merchandise is. Cotton, iron and flour will stay down in sympathy with sil- ver and it would be a good thing if nothing hut raw material were import- ed into Japan.' \You will notice that India, Japan, Mexico and other silver countries are rot only much more prosperous than air gold countries of Europe, but their domestic industries are greatly stimu- lated. In fact, financial and commerci- al depression is almost universal except ahere there is nothing but silver meney.\—Public Opinion. Mr. Curtis is a very able writer and adds much to the attractiveness of the collo:ins of the Chicago Record. The only 'mystery Is how any man of his ability can so clearly recognize the de- pression of gold standard countries, the, prosperity of silver standard countries and still be a \gold bug.\ The only explanation to be offered is that he Is willing to set up and rely upon the mere theory of \sound money,\ as it is called, in opposition to undeniable facts. SLY JOHN SHERMAN. The Benedict .1rnold of the United Slate% Senate, Senator Sherman in his late public speeches has declared himself as be- ing opposed to the retirement of tiw greenbacks. The National Illmetaillet commenting thereon expressed the be- lief that he made the declaration mere- ly as a matter of policy, and that he could be safely counted on the side of the money power all the time. His resolution looking to the preservation of the gold reserve and providing that when greenback') are redeemed, they shall be reissued for gold, fully con- firms that belief. The resolution is /lim- ply an attempt to do by stealth what he does not dara do openly. To say that the greenbacks shall only be reissued for gold is eqiiivalent to saying th it they shall not be reissued at all. Under existing conditione nobody would give gold for them. The men who control pra, tP•ally the entire mass of gold In the , ountry, r_re the very ones who are vociferously demanding the retirt•ment of the greenbacks. The idea that these men would exchange gold for green- backs is abstird. Mr. Sherman and the whole republican party had better heed the sharp word of warning that comes from the Chicago Inter Ocean. In Its imam of Jnnuary 2, that paper says: \Does John Sherman really think the country would tamely submit to such a radisal monetary revolution? The hook is baited with a merited attack on the democratic revenue law, but its barb Is none the less plainly visible. The A merican people have had enough demonetization on the sly.\ \Demone- tization on the sly.\ Is not that pretty sharp? But it is absolutely true, never- theless. The resolution not only means the permanent retirement of the green backs, but it n.eane the gold standard pure and simple.. ft is a distinct 'ecog nItIon of that standard. and in effect a ,lie lstation that it must he main- tained. Ni., volt don't, John' A reso- lution of that kind might have been sneeketi through Congress In 1573 but the people have their eyes open now, and they are In, toted right on you National liinietiIlIgt ..1.1nned Cleveland Alha. ger. Me, has received fort) -one caribou Hon II Is itartine, in the last. num- heads this her of the Chicago National Blmet senses. list, literally skins Cle‘eland alive, NIB- ing his criticisms on the president's last annual message. Such a flaying few public men have ever received in this country. And in doing so the editor still shows his respect for the high office Cleveland tills. By the way, how are our people patronizing The Natisnal Bimetallist? It only costs $1 a yogi'. Send $1 to Mr. E. B. Light. business manager, and the address of some per- son in the east whom you would like to convert to true bimetallism.-11elena News. ARE YOU A REPUBLICAN? Are 1 . ..” a ln rat Are Vou for Free Sliver Coinage? Lincoln (Neb.) special: ---About forty free silver advocates front all parts of the state met at the Lindell hotel recently and organized the Nebraska Silver League, The fol- lowing declaration of principles was adopted: \We declare ourselves in favor of the immediate restoration of the free and unlimited coinage of gold and silver at the present legal ra- tion of 16 to 1, without waiting for the aid -or consent of any other nation. such gold and silver coin to be alike full legal tender for 411 debts, public and\ private. \We invite all persons who believe in the tintin(a.1 policy above set forth to unite with us in its dissemination.\ The organization is entirely non-par- tisan anti the executive power is vested In a_committee of four chnsen from the Republican, Populist. Democratic and Prohibition parties. Ex -Congressman G. L. Laws, Governor Silas Hol- comb,•Ex-Congressman W. J. Bryan and Hon. H. W. Hardy, late prohibition candidate for governor, were unan- imously chosen as members of such committee, he executive committee was empowered to appoint all subor-• dinate officers and was directed to or- ganize in like form all the counties of the state, and the county organizations are to organize the precincts in like manner. There was perfect harmony throughout. • That Is right. The movement referred to above is upon correct lines. The organization should be strictly non-par- tisan. There are silver Democrats, silver Republicans, silver Populists and silver Prohibitionists, but there are not enough sliver men in any one party to carry the country. Converts to the cause of bimetallism must be made everywhere and in all parties. This can certainly be done to the best advantage by combining in the same organization members of all the existing political parties, because the organization will then have its in- fluence with all parties. If, on the other hand, silver men should organize In a partisan way, every man in the country who Is not quite prepared to concede Its overshadowing Importance, would at once retire behind the ram- parts of party prejudice, and instead of strengthening, his sympathy for the silver cause will weaken. Nothing but education coupled with organization is necessary for the com- plete triumph of binietalliam, and The National Bimetallist sends its heartiest greetings to the silver league of Ne- braskaa-Nalional Bimetallist. Conatilting Walt Street. Dear Editor: The effect produced by the demonetization act of '73 can be nicely shown by the following problem and solution: Given—The United States prior to '73 with a certain unit of value; double the unit of value and find the result. Solution: (1) Let \U. S.\ equal the U. S. prior to '73. 12) Let \U.\ be the unit of value prior to '73. By - he requirements of the problem, (3) \U\ Is doubled and becomes \W\ (Double 17). (4) Then by substitution \U. S.\ becomes \W. S..\ which being t sly an in full it, Wall Street. Therefore --By doubling the unit In '73, the United States has become Wall Street. Proof: (1) When about to adopt some measure. the president or secre- tary of the treasury consults Wall street Instead of the people as a whole through their representatives. (2) 'rhe period of '73 has produced more Wail street millionaires than all previous time. History tells its that Cramus at the time of Caesar in Rome was one of the richest men in the tepublic, end that he was worth only $8,875.000. We say \only\ because some of our nine- teenth century multimillionaires could buy him out fifty times and not give a mortgage to do it either. More proofs might be given, but we think more are not necessary.. Respect- fully yours, A Student. Syndicate l'rolit•. It is estimated Ilia a honil Some of one hundreiS million finnan', consum- mated with the Morgan syndicate will net the latter a clear profit of $11.750,- 000 in excess of legitiniate Interest. The business man Malt V struggle to meet his payments. the manufacturer may have to close his emtablishment on account of dull trade, the farmer may have to sell his potatoes for 7 cents a Withal, feed his wheat to hogs. and burn his corn. but bushiest] booms with the gold combine as it never boomed before. Its at out the Bible, if etTlaTI, ipated %Omen might now do somet hi ng for the cOokbOOIL - New Ye, k inees. liaise Sugar. The following reprint from Science relative to the sugar -producing capa- bilities of Indian corn (maize), taken frotn an English paper, may be of in- terest at the present time, when the smear beet is attracting attention. Ac- cording to the article, maize has sit- perior properties to the beet for sugar purposes: \A double harvest of sugar and grain is likely in future froni In- dian corn. The extraordinary state- ment, has been made by F. L. Stewart, of Murrysville, Pennsylvania, that by picking the cobs at the usual stage for 'sweet corn,' or before the grains glaze and harden, there is indeed an im- mense development of sugar in the tall cornstalks. Full details of many years of experiments are given by him in some recent numbers of Science. lie shows that, after such removal, the sugarcane increases from under a pos- sible 9 per cent. *to 15 pereen's er sometimes even 16 per cent. of the weight of the stalk after Die leaves are stripped off. This is more even than is found in the sugarcane as grown in Louisiana, and slightly above results obtained at Madras. It should be eoted that sugarcane, like maize, is a grass, but, naturally, fails to produce seed save tinder exceptional eircunastancee. Perhaps the most extraordinary dr- cumetance is that the discovery was not made before. A correspondent re- ports in a later number that a farmer's wife in Ontario, some 40 years ago did actually make her sugar from corn- stalks. 'The stalks were boiled and then the liquid squeezed out, yielding. on evaporation, a white and sweet sugar. Left to itself, the cornstalk iii Pennsyl- vania, early In September, suddenly loses nearly all its 'sugar as the graili glazes and hardens, and then quickly assumes the dead, dry condition. Let the ears, however, be removed in early August, anti the sugar increases until the end of September, and the plant lives on, even into the next month, uns less cut by frost. All kinds of Indian corn do the same, but not the somewhat similar sorghum, from which for many years attempts have been made to ob- tain sugar at commercial prices. Corn sugar is made far more easily than from this or beet. Even if it proves rather less productive than sugareatne, corn - cane has two immense advantages over the former. Its range anti ease of tail - Ovation are incomparably better, whilst the grain 18 not lost, and the leaves, stripped off. are rtlrenri) extensive- ly as silage. The grain is far more di- gestible at this stage, and is easy uried for keeping as cattle fodder or for grinding for bread. Again, should the grower wish it, he can still, at mid - August, leave his crop to ripen in the ordinary manner. Corn being le many parts of America almost a drug in the market, this doubling of its use will be most welcome. Doubtless improved forms will soon be developed,' since a few plants responded more kindly to the efforts of the agriculturist. Already certain varieties have been shown . to be preferable, especially the Virginia foddercorn and Golden Beauty. Care has also to be exercised that the kind grown at a given latitude shall have sufficiently developed for cutting before the early frosts. The crop is sown in the usual way. The first named kind will give 15 tons of stripped cane per acre, containing, therefore, 2 1 / 4 tons of sugar. Of this, probably, considerably over a ton could be extracted—a wel- come addition, surely, to the ordinary profits on the crop. The process of ex- traction has to be entirely distinct from sugarcane, as the crushed cane is so sponge -like that half the juice is quick- ly re -absorbed. But it is said to be ex- tracted both simply and effectively. 1.1v• Stock In Kansas, The numbers of the different classes of live stock i March and their values based on their average prices for the year is as follows: Horses, 852,7t39 heath; average value, $28; total ',alute. $23,878,092. Mules and asses. 95,150 head; average value, $34; total value. $3.235,746. Milch cows, 517,254 head; average value, $24; total value, $12,414,096. Other cattle. 1 258,919 head; average value. $19; total valite, $23,919,461. • Sheep, 136,520 head; average value, $2.40; total value. $327,648. Swine. 1,666,221 head; average value, 0.50; total value, $9,164,215.50. Total value of live stock, $72,9i9,- 258.50. Ther are no diseases of live stock reported except the so-called \chol- era\ among hogs and this is common in counties where they are most nu- merous; the losses from this little -un- derstood scourge have been enormour. Kansas is overflowing with both im- age and grain awl could whitet to groat advantage vast nembers more of attn. and swine than are now obtainable at prices likely to permit a profit. I) Coburn. Where sheep can be pastured during the winter, says American Sheep Breed er, there Is no more vain:lido groo n (C op for this use than tilt, tttiIul rwo pounds of soed sots n .if fOrtl a thick growth, tI flifIv ho onion off by hurdling the Mel- an the field This is one of the very hes , re ding crops for sheep AR 11 , 11 in the sulphur that Is needed for the health ful growth of wool, In which there is 11 1 ,6 per cent of this substance. AMOS.t each naval iiMcors ;110 men at independent means A -t-