The Wickes Pioneer (Wickes, Mont.) 1895-1896, March 21, 1896, Image 1
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WICKES PIONEER. \Free Coinage of Gold and Silver at the Ratio of 16 to I.\ VOL. L • • • WICKES, MONTANA, SATURDAY. M ARCH 21,1896. NO. 33 • KOEGEL & JOHNSON • PROPRIETORS Billiard Hall and Saloon. Our .Specialties are: Chase's Barley Malt. Bottled Bee', $3.25 Per Ctre. E II A NDT.E FINEST BIZANDS OF • Winos. Licoors. Wars, ON THE MARKET. A SHARE OF YOUR TRADE IS SOLICITED. NEAR TO BARBARIs31. HEGEL & JOHNSON, MAIN STREET Wickes, - - Montan, HALF CIVILIZED PEOPLE IN THE CATSKILLS. little Known of Religion or the I sus of Society- Strange Little Hamlet In l'Ister County Which Iles Never Seen • Train or bt eamboat. N A LITTLE settle- ment back of Krumville, away up in the 'extreme northeastern part of Ulster County, in the wildest re- gion of the Cats- kill Mountains, live a people whose con- dition borders close on barbarism. Most af them have never seen a railway train or a steamboat, the world outside of their immediate settlement being a sealed book. Wives are traded as fre- quently and with as little ceremony as horses, and religion is an unknown quantity. Marriage are of the common-law sort and divorces are secured without appeals to the courts. It was only recently that an old man, tiring of his wife, who had reached the age of sixty, and, desiring a younger one, effected a trade with a neighbor, giving an old silver watch as boot to atone for the disparity in the ages of the two females. Trades of this kind are of common occurrence. Children born in this locality are brought up in this state of semi -bar- barism. There are no educational ad- vantages except those of a district school, some miles distant, which Is open 'for a couple of mouths only dur- ing the winter. Jioys learn to chew and smoke tobac- co at an age when other boys have not long discarded dresses. They learn to use the name of God only as an oath. The reading is confined to the news- paper that comes to the schoolmaster occasionaily, when he happens to be in the settlement. It Is to him that the inhabitants look for some stray bits of news regarding the great world of which they have heard so little. Satis- fied with drudgery and toil and the meagre living they get from their small farms, they never think of venturing over the mounfain tops and descending to the valley where the railway trains would carry them to civilization. Perhaps the one ray of sunshine that comes into the lives of these poor peo- ple is the visit of the country school- master, when the district school is blessed by his presence. As is the cus- tom in the country, the schoolmaster \boards round\; that is, he visits at different periods of his school term among the various families of his dis- trict. Of course be is given a right royal welcome, and although the fa( is of the poorest and rudest kind, yet true hospitality is given him. After the evening meal the host hands his guest a well-worn corn -cob pipe, and, taking one himself, prepares to enjoy his evening smoke. The boys of the family, if there be any, also reach for their pipes, and lighting them, smoke with the experience of veterans. It would be simple charity to send missionaries to try and redeem these rough and untutored men and women up among the mountain peaks of the Catskills. Not That Kind of a Budder. Although a sailor can \jockey\ a yardarm gracefully. he is anything but Impressive in that sense on horseback. Yet one of the first things that a man - o' -war Jack steers for when he gets on shore with liberty -money in his pocket is a livery stable, where he can mount the hurricane deck of an animal. During the time that one of our ves- sels was at anchor off Newport liberty was given, and two of the seamen agreed to spend their limited amouffreff money on horseflesh. One of them ne- gotiated with the liveryman, and soon appeared on the street perched in the seddle. When out of sight of the stable keeper, Jack's companion hove along- side and mounted behind his mate. In this fashion they sailed down Main street until the square was reached where Commodore Perry's etatue is placed. \I say; Bill,\ cried tht sailor in the sechile, \pot your helm sport, and let's go up and have a look at the station.\ \All right, my boy,\ answered Bill. Then he reached back of him, caught the horse's tall, pulled it hard amend on his left and awaited developments. After a minute he sting out: \Something's the matter with the steering -gear. Jack; she won't mind the helm!\—From Harper's Round Table. cnreled Sardines for is Late Lunch. For a bite after the theater try cur- ried sardines, cooked In a chafing -dish. Make a piste, with butter, merle mus- tard, curry powder, and a few drops of vinegar or lemon juice. Skin the lac - dined and carefully wash the oil off. eprea , 1 them thickly with the mixture slot grill them for a minute, and then eeee either on fingers of fried bread, Ousted with coralline popper, curry powder. and minced parsley, or on fin - were of hot buttered tonet NATURE AS A CHILD'S TEACHER. Halo it. the City Is Only • iVetness Broken Loose - Rev. Charles H. Parkhurst, D. D., writes upon \Memories of Our Child- hood Homes\ in Ladies' Home Journal, and emphasizes the necessity of sur- rounding children with bright pictures and cheery furnishings, as the rueutal photographs they make in early years are the ones that never fade, but last and remain vivid through life. Na- ture, too, has a big part to play in the teachings of the youth. \It takes a great deal to make a good home,\ writes the forceful leader and teacher. \It needs something even beside father and mother, and an open fire, and the cat on the hearth. The first element in the home is the house itself, which needs to be distinctly different from any other house in sight. Then there needs to be some land around a house before it can be 'real homey.' It gives playroom for the eyes as well as for the feet. A wide range of solemn woods will $lo more for a child in a week than yellow bricks and dirty paving stones will do for him in a year or ever do for him. It is a great thing for a child to grow up within earshot of a babbling brook. There is a kind of musicalness of epirit that will become his in that way that he will never be able to ac- quire from a piano teacher or a fiddling master. This wide range of prospect will also companion him with the bright and the more earnest moods of the great mother earth on whose bosom he is being nourished. He will have oppor- tunity to see the days brighten in the east in the morning, anti his soul will unconsciously absorb some of the glory of the setting sun. Children in the city nardly ever see the sun come up or gc down. It simply grows light about the time they have to get up and grows dark a dozen or so hours later. To a child in the country there is likewise opportunity for him to see it rain. There is a great difference between rain and falling water. Rain in the city is only wetness broken loose, and is calculated only in terms of street -cleaning and aqueduct supply. A square mile of rain or a dozen square miles is a different matter, and is unconsciously construed by the child as being a mood of Na- ture's mind rather than a hydropathic uncorking. Still more impressive upon the child's mind are the strange com- munications made to him by the light- ning dashing above him acros a hun- dred miles of country sky, and the wierd aurora and the swift and blaz- ing truck of 'falling stars,' that make him feel bow solemnly close to him is the great wonderful world above the clouds.\ BUILT THE WRONG WAY. IVISsehe Quaker's Chnster Hogs Took No Prizes In Georgia. q never shall forget an incideut wstch occurred at the first fair I eve' at ended in Georgia,\ said a retired Cincinnati meat packer ; to an Atlanta Constitution reporter. \It was at Macon and I think they called it a state fair. At any rate, it was a big thing for the town in those days. They had some fine stock on exhibition and a Pennsyl- vanian had sent down about twenty of the fine tft looking hogs you ever saw. They were mostly Chester Whites, and If I recolleet aright, they were exhib- ited by Thomas Wood. a great hog and cattle fancier of twenty and thirty yeaifs ago. lie It was who introduced that famous breed of hogs, the ;Chester white, and he made a great deal of money out of his fancy stock. Ile was a Friend, a Quaker, you know, who used the plain language and wore a broad - brimmed hat. He was a smart old gen- tleman, honest and prosperous. He Rena his hogs from state fair to state fair 4 an4 they took so mane - tbrizes and bine ribbons that each hog looked like a boy who had spent all his money making a collection of badges. \When the Macon judges made their awards, they gave blue ribbons very liberally to the razor -backs, but not one of the fat, sleek Pennsylvania hogs got a prize. The owner of the exhibit did not understand it, an he hunted up one of the judges and said, in the Ian - gunge of the Friends: . \ 'I know thee to be an honest man and I do not question thy fairness in the award, but to gratify my own curi- osity I would he glad to have thee tell me why thee gave all the prizes to the native stock and what fault thee found with mine?' \'My friend, the committee admired your hogs greatly,' the judge replied 'They are certainly handsome and T have no doubt that in your Pectlon they are the best breed to raise, but thee are not stilted for this conntry. They are 80 short -legged and fat that a nig- ger could catch them in two minutes. What we require in n hog In the South is legs and wind. We give our prizes for speed.' \ Satin Underskirts wit It twee Insert Inn The new oath rskirt has many charms and the pretty silk creation decked with lace Is a costly article. but nevertheless triumph of art. Silk limbo - Osiris are advancing in favor, and from the plain stilt to the richent satin with lace inser Bons find ready demnnil Silk skirts for spring will etippla.nt the heavy, stiff, end weighty moreene recently revived TO THE PRODUCERS. AN ARTICLE INTENDED FOR THE FARMERS. Slow They Are Forced to Sell Their Crop* for Half l'riees by the Money Consblne- Free ?nisei. Hou:d Break It Bark. \Willett at Grey's statistical review places the consumption of sugar in the United States at 1,945,406 tons during the year 1895, against 2,012,729 tons in 1894. This means that -the people bought less sugar by e7,323 tons in 1895 than in 1894. Yet the price of raw sager averaged lower during 1895 than throughout any other year of which commercial history takes notice.\ Ths above is from the Inter Ocean, and is made the basis of an argument in favor of protection, the idea being that the cheapness coming from free trade will not bring prosperity. Whether the Inter Ocean is right or wrong upon that point, we shall not consider. The statement is reproduced for another purpose. In some cases cheapness may be is good thing, but when the cheapness is caused, not by superabundance of the commodity, but by a scarcity of money, it Is an unmiti- gated evil so far as the masses of the People are emcerned. Under such cir- cumstances, to talk about the \con- sumer's\ benefit is the very refinement of cruelty. The source of all human prosperity is industry, and the very basis Is that particular industry which is applied to production. Without \pro- duction' no other business could live, and man himself would disappear from the face of the earth. Production is the primary work of man, while everything else is secondary and subordinate. The producer is also a consumer, but if he make anything more than a bare living he must sell more than he buys. Take the case of a farmer. Suppose that of his crop he can sell $1,000 worth each year, while his expenses. including grocery hills, help on farm, doctor bills, taxes, etc.. amount to $800. Ile saves 1200. Now suppose that prices fall one- half all along the line. His crop for sale Sinks to $500, his expenses to $100, and instead of being $200 ahead, be ont -has a balance of $100. This, though, is upon the supposition that all things have fallen In the same ratio. But we know that all things do not cheapen uniformly. Taxes, for ex- ample, have not been reduced at all. On the contrary, in many cases, they have actually Increased. Presidents, governors, congressmen, judges and lo- cal Akers continue to draw their sal- aries as of yore, while those who pay the salaries sell the products of their labor for half price. Doctor's bills, lawyer's fees, traveling expenses and other things remain substantially the SUrne. The hired man stoutly resists (and properly) a cut in his wages, while - the manufacturers, the middlemen, and the merchants by combinations do every- thing in their power to keep up retail rates. The great farm staples are usually sold at wholesale prices. Bearing these facts in mind let us now make another calculation. Sup- pose his taxes, doctor bills, etc., amount to $100 of his total expense. These stand as before. Upon the remaining $700, which includes the hired man's pay, groceries, drugs, etc., we will sup- pose that there is a reduction of say 30 per cent. This represents a saving to him of $210, leaving his expenses on those lines $490. In the meantime his $1.000 has fallen to 1500. The account I now stands as follows: Income.—(Crop for sale $1;00.00 Expenses.- (Taxes, doe- tors bills, etc.) $100.00 Other expenses 490.00 Total expenses 590.00 Thus tne wage worker comes in for his share of the injury. While the farmer will reduce his con- sumptioa of sugar, spices and the like, poor people dependent upon thoir daily toil must reduce on all lines. They will consume less bread. Accordingly we find that in seasons of great business depression there is usually a reduced consumption of al- most everything that contributes to the sustenance of nom. For example, in 1S93, a very disas- trous year in business, we consumed 62.000,000 bushels less wheat than In 1892. in 1891. which. as a as -hoe, was even worse than in 1893, the consump- tive% was nearly 102,0011,000 bushels less than in the latter year. Thus we see that the alleged overpro- duction so persistently brought for- ward by the gold people as an explana- tion of the falling prices Is in fact un- der -consumption. With prices lower than ever before, the people have bought less, and consumed less. It has been simply because they have not had the money to buy with. The idea that people lean be made prosperous by making money scarce Is preposterous, and the belief that sil- ver can be displaced without making a scarcity of money is equally so. Deficiency ' 1 0 Instead of having a profit of $200 9 ,:e I find that he has suffered a loss of $90 on his year's work. Now, suppose further, what is true In multitudes of cases, that the farmer is $1.000 in debt on his farm. Failing behind at the rate of $90 a year, how long will it take him to pay the debt? I The above figures are given not as I representing strictly the exact ratio at I which different prices have fallen, but for the purpose of eniphasizing the fact that should he obvious to producers igencrall), that when the prices of their products fall, they do not realize a full compensation in the decline of other things. Hence the conclusion, that a general fall in prices injures the producers more than it Injures any other class. The very men who should be injured least are injured most. When n policy is pur- vied the tendency of which is to harm tin producer, it strikes at the very foundations of national prosperity. This was the inevitable effect of de- monetizing silver, and the bulk of the complaints te which we have listened int Mg the last twenty-two years has zome from that class. In the nee given as an Illustration, It itande to reason that If the fanner can reillice expenses In any (Ohne way, , will ecommtlee In consumption. lie will use free of sugar anti any other thfngs that are not nheolntely Indies metsable If he cannot Indere the hired nian to accept a pro rata reduction of wages he will eltheri ilischarse him en. (Ii or lay hltn off part of .he time, GOLD AT A PREMIUM. And Vet Wall Street Has Survived tins Shook. Gold is at a premium. On Thursday last it was 1 per cent. How Wall street survived such a shock is one of those mysteries that will probably never be explained. For two years past the appalling picture of \gold at a premium\ has been kept in the very focus of the public gaze. True, the gold people never specified particu- larly just how we were to be ruined by It. They left that to the imagination. Gold has been at a premium over com- modities and other forms of property for more than twenty years. That, however, has given the gold worship, per no concern. The fact that the pro- ducer had to labor twice as long or twice as hard to. get a elollar, was a good thing for the man who already had the dollars. But at the idea of sorne importer or Wail street specula- tor having to pay one or two per cent premium in order to get gold for export, he actually stood aghast. But the dread rum:emit came. Gold went to a premium of a cent ancl'a quarter, and except for the telegraphic mention of the fact we should never have known the difference. It is now in order for the gold standardists, whose whole soul has been wrapped up in the idea of \parity \one dollar as good as an- other,\ etc., etc., to rise and explain. It will probably be said that the pre- mium was small and that it was only te:nporary. Well, how great must the premium be and how long must it last to hurl us down the awful abyss of financial ruin. If 114 per cent is not enough will 2 per cent do the work. or 3 or 4 or how many per cent must It be? The profits of the syndicate on the first secret bond deal, represent a premium of 16 per cent on the gold furnished to the government. Even that, bad as It was in every respect, did not ruin the country. It may disgraced it. We expect to tee a premium'on gold a good many times within the next year, and we expect to see the goldite shift his position concerning it as often as he has with reference to the \danger point\ of the treasury reserve. The reader will remember that for a long time the line was eharply drawn at one hundred millions. Then the line was lowered to ninety millions, then to sev- enty-five and now it seems to be alto- gether indefinite. 'So will it be with tho premium on gold. MAY ACT WITH POPULISTS. rowerful ninsetallie Organisations Would Make Victory Certain Referring to the consolidation of the American Bimetallic League, the Na- tional Bimetallic Union and the Na- tional Silver Committee, the Weekly Tribune of Callaway, Neb., says: \The new organization resolved to support the party declaring in its favor; but declares that in the event of non- support by either of the great panics, the Union will put its own ticket in the next campaign.\ Then that paper waxes indignant over the supposed fact that the American Ilimetalliea Union has turned the cold shoulder on the Populist party. The National Ilimetellist is anx- ious that no misapprehensions may arise with reference to the attitude of the consolidated organization, and it will therefore say to one and all of its readers, that It has taken no Such action as that mentioned above. It has adopt- ed no ouch resolutions, made no such deciaratiou end in fact has thus far proposed nothing in the world but a campaign of education. It has no dis- poeitIon to ignore the Populist party. or any other. There are populists, re- publican; and democrats connected with it and they are all working to- vether in perfect harmony for the corn- snon ellIISe, namely, the contiplete resto- ration of bimetallism In the United _ States. \Bearing\ Ills Mork. Let the United States keep all at home, and there will n m a am -amble for that metal. But so long not I - neie Sam, the principal silver pro - hirer of the world, lie:.rs stock, hue/ can t ie expect the big natIona to bull 10—Peorls Journal, ONE BeiSKET WENT ASTRAY. Row a lluo.b.,1 14 Bring 11,011 1 Assure or His Mistake. The old incident, in which the wroeg letter is put into the right envelope, or vice versa, has caused no end of trouble in the world; also th - story about It. says the Washington Capital. Tbie is another kind of incident and another kind of etery. I know the man, lie lives in the west end, and I shouldn't Wce to he thought to say anything againet him \hen I say that the torn - forts and delights of borne do not Al- ways fill the full requirements of his genial nature; which is a nice way to put it, don't you think? A few days ago his wife desired some chrysanthemums for a luncheon to which she had invited several friends. The husband volunteered to order the flowers. Ile selected SUilti very pretty specimeos, together dainty white basket and a emu; to et yards of ribbon. There were other flowers much handsomer, and he eis dered another basket of gilt and double the quantity of broad yellow satin rib- bon, to which he affixed his card for the lady's address. Ile failed to caution the florist sufficiently. The sane' memsen- ger was dispatched with both baskets! It so happened that the wife wa in' the hallway. She at l as delighted. But the other basket attracted her attention —also her husband's familiar handwrit- ing on the card. She seized this also. The messenger could do nothing. She remove(athe card. When the man (hor- rid man!) returned, she said nothing. Luncheon passed off charmingly. She aceompanied him into the library. There he recognized the other basket. The wife said nothing. That night she carried the flowers up to her chamber. In the morning it figured on the break- fast table. No matter where the hus- band goes the basket follows. The wife maintains a heavy, oppressive silence, looks at hint with a calm, far-off sort of way that is nearly driving him to drink, and says not it word. lie Is a model of righteousnese. But he wants to know how long those flowers will live; whether his wife contemplates murder, suicide or divorce, lie can't find out. But he rather thinks that if she wants a diamond sunburst or a sealskin Chesterfield for Christmas, she'll have to have it. Metals More Valuable Than Gold. Gold is commonly conablered the most valuable of metals, because it is the most precious of the metals pro- duced in suffivient quantity to be in common use. There are, however, sev- eral rare metals that are much more valuable than gold. Gallium, for ex- ample, is quoted in the market at $3,000 an ounce avoirdupois. Traces of it oc- cur in some zinc twee, tons of which must be worked over in order to obtain a trifling quantity. Gallium is a very remarkable substance. At the ordinal . ) rammer temperature of 86 degrees Fah- renheit it becomes liquid Illce mercury. The latter becomes solid at 39 degrees below zero. Most costly of all metals, save only gallium, is germanium, which ha quoted at *1.125 an ounce. Rhodium is worth $112.50 an ounce; ruthenium. $90 an ounce; osmium, $26 an ounce. and palladium, $24 an ounce. The last is about equal in value to gold. These - metals are of no great commercial im- portance. Most of them are mere curi- osities of the laboratory, having been discovered originally by accident, in- cidental to the analysis of ores. It has been sugegsted that some of them might be coined; but the supply of them Is too uncertain. Iridium is utilized to some extent for making instruments of delicacy which must have the prop- erty of not corroding. It is obtained from \Irldosmin a natural alloy of Iridium, osmium, rhodium, olatinum, and ruthenium. This extraordinary mixture of rare metals is white. Holds allaMISPIP Offices. Sir Michael Bidduiph has licen a groom in waiting to the queen since 1879, and keeper of the regalia at the tower since 1891. Ile will vacate these offices, both of which are the gift of the queen. A groom in waiting gets E332 a year, and he is at court for about three weeks In the year on an averaalt. The place is held for life, or until a demise of the crown. The salary of the keeper of the regalia is about £350 a year, and he Iran an excellent furnished house as an officthl residence. This is a post which ought to be conferred upon some officer of real distinction; but it will probably be jobbed away to some courtier whose \claims\ 'con slat of his family or personal intereet. New Way to serve Parsnips. An entirely new way of eurving par - snipe is in the shape of an English walnut will, a tort in the middle. The parsnips are first boiled anti Maithed fine. Then to each pint there are ad- ded a teaspoonful of salt, two table- spoonfuls of melted butter, a da•-di of pepper, anti two tablespoonfdls of Mix well over the fire, and when ron , 0:- Ing hot Fold a thoroughly heaten and very fresh erg Spread the mietiom on n inch to (001 Then tette the alit of An EtiOlsh walnut and roll nround it the pat -nip pulp until yon have a good - Stied net Roll in egg and craeeer duet suet fry n light brown In deep fat that Is antokIng. Serve hot