Big Hole Basin News (Wisdom, Mont.) 1912-1925, November 30, 1922, Image 1

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VOLUME XI wisdom , M o ntana . T hursday .' N ovember 30, im. NUMBER 7 .nt. Why Taxes Are Higher 1 Nothing seems to be worrying the country at present more than taxes They have increased Inordinately In the past few years and people every where are beginning to wonder why. They are asking themselves what they have to show for the enormous increase In the cost of government. Many who have attempted to anal­ yze governmental expenditures are inclined to charge the heavy appro priations to too much government of or rather to an excess of govern mental , agencies. Henry Ford's pa­ per, The Dearborn Independent, claims that “ there are now 15 mil­ lion official pensioners upon the pub lie bounty, drawing public pay, and that there are 30 million actual pro­ ducers in the United States,’’ If that is the case, there is an officeholder a taxeater, on the back of every two producers in the United States. Senator Borah charges the exces­ sive cost and the steady increase in taxation to bureaucracy, declaring this a disease— “ the wholesale tak­ ing from courts, from local self-gov- ernmenh, from the states, from con stituted authority in every shape and form, the/conduct of the people's affairs atp the control of those things that local communities have controlled during the ^hole history of this government, taking it away from every other form of govern ment supervision, and slicking i somewhere in a hidden bureau lien in Washington \ Furthermore, there appears to In a demand from certain sources foi still more bureaus, still more restric tions on business, and more lax eat ers to enforce these restrictions. This demand is in effect to give to indi­ viduals and to bureaus the right:- and powers of both legislatures anc courts. “And the worst of i( is,\ says Sun ator Stanley, That many of the men making these demands call them selves progressives They are really men who mistake the setting for the rising of the sun. They are trying the same things that were tried and failed in European countries centu­ ries ago \Itistead of government getting out of business,\ Senator Stanley as sert.ed, \the inquisitorial eye is be lng Inrned upon the butcher, the baker, and every other individual in business, with the destruction of self discipline and self government \There are now pending in con­ gress 20 bills telling you and me how to sell grain and meat and potatoes and other things, asinine measures by men who know nothing of mar keting. There are at least 50 other bills pending which provide addition al governmental control.” Isn't it high time that the country spoke out in unmistakable terms against this piling up of government­ al expenses and this constant in­ crease in the burden of taxation at the behest of the quack doctors of business?— Journal-Stockman. SHEEP SUFFER IN' TRANSIT One thousand sheep, approximate­ ly, cooped up la four cars 34 hours from Great Falls to Butte, gnd then 12 hours on the tracks In Butte, making 42 hours tu all without food or drink, is a record in railroad cru ­ elty and Inefficiency seldom if ever equalled in the annals of railroading in the Northwest. Such, ho vewver, is the story of a remit shipment made by Walter Dansie from Great Falls tc Bedrock. The distance from the Falls to Butte is only about 170 miles. The delay of that freight, with no tvreck to obstruct, was bad enough; but the worst was in Butte. The trouble therts seems to have originated in a dispute between the officers or agents of the Great North­ ern and the Oregon Short Line as to whose duty it was to un'load the sheep in Butte for food and drink. The former road, according to the story, dilivered the cars to the lat- Ur’s 1 1 acts and left them. The O S. I,, people claimed it was the duty of rite ii. N. roa>d to water and feed the sheep and turn them over good coud.tion. The latter claimed when they hut! placed them on the 0. S. L. trarks they were -through with them While the authorities of e n.ffn a.U quarreled and Dansie '¿weie and sw< at, the sheep suffered lie pangs ol thirst ami hunger Ft ua'iy >n I,a, -at speration, Mr Dansie vue, the gowiiior He immediate tuiued (lie matter over to the MAIL ORDER HOI SES BOOMING ADVICE TO MAIDENS Johnny Jahnke was In last week and squared awray for another year, both subscription and brand. Jahnke Bros, are always right on the dot in these matters and “of fueh is the kingdom of heaven.’’ Mesdames George Mudd and John nAderson of the Fishtrap neighbor­ hood made The News a pleasant call Tuesday forenoon, Mrs. Anderson stepping 'way oat into 1924 on onr subscription books. Mrs. Hathaway left Wednesday for Billings, where she is to conduct for a short time public health demon­ stration sponsored by the schools of Yellowstone eonnty and the state Tu- bercnlotds association. diiMiii '<•' imuetou, which prompt- y ».» i .l the O S L, on whose track In were to unload them. A suit has been or Will be started ve understand, by the owner of the beep, against the Great Northern to lobnci the amount of damages sus aiued on account of the negligence The Dillon Tribune. RI WEN HORN IN THE BASIN Two medium sized hootch plants vere seized Tuesday in the ofothills ;outh of Jackson by a dry squad composed of Sheriff Mooney, Ueffier d Prohibition Agent Holler and Dep ity Kellum. The officers returned to Dillon that evening with the stills hut they made no arrests in connec tion with the raid as in both in dances the cabins in which the out rits were found were deserted. Neither of the stills were in opera Lion at the time they were found, tbu over 1,000 gallons of mash was ready for distillation The mash was de ritroyed by the officers with the ex ception of a small amount brought yack for evidence. One of the plants was an ingen ous affair being constructed in a manner which leads the officers to believe that the operator knew his ons'ness thoroughly Steam from the boiling mash was condensed on an inverted conical contrivance with a large surface, the finished product dripping on a plate and running off through the worm. This made con­ densation much fore rapid, and the still, though a small one, was capa­ ble of producing a large qantity of moonshine in an hour. Both plants were of about 20 gallons capacity. It is expected that arrests will fol­ low the discovery of the moonshine outfits, which were found on home­ steads whose owners are known to the officers.— Dillon Tribune. Borrowing trouble doesn’t de­ crease the supply. Chick Faulkner has gone into the radio business for fair. He has ord­ ered a demonstrating outfit and will soon be extolling the merits of the wonderful invention la person as well as in these eolamns. Floyd Thompson of Hamilton, one of the prize government trappers, Is to become head trapper for this dis­ trict, an honor won wholly by supe­ rior attainments in the line of exter­ na mating predatory animals. Win Knadson has brought in the finest back dear we have mem this season. He was a five-prong and asi L*®«* Aid meeting at Mrs. Ste- fat as a batter bail Cholee tatelvensoat last Thursday afternoon .she steaks off* the «rest beauty graced ® rs- Armstrong entertaining, larder for which we truly atwrft Sraanti. •yean* se* o í Mr. n l Mr*. 3 « K f t r w of Jackson, r* «ill tvm; be Teeret»'«red by the mere of tki town who partook of » Diked ’ .eses aaad brews after the diose oí *he business The punkin is a noble vine trbta tropic lands below the line. Among our rows of corn it runs and lifts broad leaves to rains and sunk Its many-fruits are biff and bold and fill the eye with autumn gold. But though they lie till frost congeal them, no boy util! ever try to steal them. They have a pretty yellow hide, but kids all know they’re punk Inside. The watermelon's fruit Is green as if not wishful to be seen, but when some hopeful farmer grows it ’mo3t every kid In teji miles knows it, and as It nears the ripening date will strive to swipe it soon or late. Yea, they will come' and take a chapee, though shotguns salt them in the pants. O, gentle atiMen do not fail to get the moial of this tale - We men, off course, pick sweethearts comely— I’m' glad that Hannah la hot homely. But though you use your time and art to doll up every outward part, be like the melon sweet at heatt. Mere outward beauty •* like the pumpkin’s will win you only fools and bumpkins. You’ll stay within youf own hoojp fence; no Lochinvar will steal you hence. But if you chipsh from your birth some true ideal of modest worth, not all your beauty in your skin, but fresh and pure and sweet within, through fence and bolt and bar and latch some youth will break into the patch. He’ll say: “ Sweet maiden, come, be mine,” and pluck you from the parent vine. Yea, though you be true child of Eve's and seek to hide among the leaves, with love and joy within you risen, your heart will answer “ Yes,\ I'm his'ii.” — BOB ADAMS Humanitarian Plea for Livestock on Ranges Nestors and Wealthy Owners W ho Winter in the Warmer Clime While Their Herds aird Flocks Starve and Freeze Are Called Down ^he Oregon State Humane society ice and drow;n trying to nas had surveys made of range con- wkler in rapidly rushing get to the ivers part lilions in that state and authorizes he statement that there will be very ueavy losses of cattle and sheep this vinter on the ranges from starva ion A report to The Chicago Dro- /ers1 Journal says There are bone dry conditions >vqr large of the western range dates. Livestock is going into Win­ er quarters with famine staring it n the face and prices of hay advanc- ng rapidly Credit has been largely »xhausted and advances by the War finance Corporation to banks a nil :at,tle loan companies have relieved he banking situation but will not iave the stock Cowmen are niort- ly frozen .over “nl one valley In a Western state 700 head of Whiteface cattle starved while hay just over » slight ridge was held at $30 ()0 a ton Our ltu mane officer last January found herds dying of starvation and eating willows and trees with hay on all sides of them and not a ton for sale Greed and inhumanity to creatures that supply oujr nation with food and clvüitng have been carried too far The department of Commerce and Agriculture can do much to relieve danger of losses of millions of stock that tt will take three to five years to replace The stales must act. The ;aging their ranches to buy hay. The'county farm agent law should be ex :Osses from the slump in prices of '.attle are heavy, and individual Herders and cattle firms will be help ess to save their stock. Losses of lalf a million head in eastern Ore- ;on last winter will reach into mil- tended to include livestock and the county farm agent should be given power to move starving stock or feed it through the winter, with power to commandeer hay and make it a first lien against stock, to take precedence Sale total* of the great mall order houses show an enormous increase particularly in strictly fanning sec tions. This is not pleasant news for retail stores in bu raverage small town,but it is what they may expect. There is only one way in which the Insidious mail order campaigns cun be combatted, and that is by local merchants frankly \explaining thei merchandising possibilities to the people through advertising. It is a well known fact that the big mail order concerns maintain de­ partments of considerable magn tude to check up on the towus where the local newspapers appear to lack enterprise. There they concentrate their bat teries o advertising and catalougc distribution. The mail older house never pros pers in a town where the local men chan I s advertise consisienily, be­ cause Ik; u>'. I order men know they cannot compete with the local store if the merchant undeisiumls his bus­ iness. The eluiapness with which the big mail order man can buy is more than offset by the low overhead the local merchant can get along with To hold his own. however, the lo­ cal merchant must not hide his light under a bushel. The public needs educating to a knowledge that they can buy at home as cheaply, that they can actually see what they are buying before they pay for it, and Ilia! they do not have to wait somelimes weeks for Hie do livery of Hie article they want The National Cloak & Sula Co re ports a heavy increase in its hunt ness, all in this country, though it is doubtful if Hits great concern car ries anything like Hie line of up Hi date goods carried by local me.rcii ants throughout (he country When (lie merchants get ready ti talk plainly to (he people they wit hpv \ ¡>gfng to fear from the mall order man, hut if they remain silent then the outsider will surely burrow his way into their profits Self satisfaction has spelled many bankrupt --Joe Smith II StatelndiiMiidf Review DON’T HUNT 1 HE ID'LL ions if the coming winter is not mild 'over all other claims. The right to rnd open.” Col. Hofer appeared before the na- ional Humane convention in St. ’aul with a plea for the range stock and advocates state and national ac­ tion to save the industry from terri­ ble losses if the coming winter is a hard one. j Asked what could be done to pre­ vent injury and disaster to livestock on the ranges, he said: “ There must be legislation to make it a crime to withhold suste­ nance from livestock on the ranges just as it is against the law to starve domestic animal in cities under most state laws. Custom and tradi­ tion permit owners of herds and flocks and managers \of sheep cor­ porations to live in comfort in cities and winter in California and Florida while their dumb animals freeze, starve and die of thirst by millions on the ranges. A herd may lose 10 to $0 per cent in winter and the re­ mainder come oat skln-and-bon^and nothing Is said and nothing done. If the price goes op they make it back on the survivors. The last govern­ ment statistics for the\ winter of 1918-11 show 2,247,006 cattle, 1 - 608,006 sheep and a vast number of lambs perished from starvation. A few years ago nearly the entire eat- tle industry of Montana and Nevada was wiped out by freezing affe starv­ ing. * The stock rustle in two to tenr feet of snow and break through the keep the herd alive comes first and If this right does not exist it should he created \The great cat lie range country is in a transition stage Settlers are crowding in and fencing more and more land. Large cattle companies — the best of them— have fenced in lands and provide water, feed and shelter. The shoe stringer still op mates by the hundreds and Is the cause of a great share of the losses in winter. He is being crowded out by the settlers and the western or- ganiations of wool-growers are de­ manding that he be given no leases. Rules and regulations on the Forest Reserves require that leases for pas turinf livestock be granted only to owners of cattle and sheep who are able to show ownership of ranch land and ability to take care of stock when it is taken off the reserve That practically excludes the shoe- stringer from the forest reserves and has reduced fatalitieg to livestock The shoe-stringer operates without a foot of land and generally without eredit or capital, taking his chances to make a winning on an open win­ ter when kis stock wifi get through without losses. Some way must he found to bold him responsible for losses to his herds. The hoe-stringer or irresponsible header should he shut off the state and federal range lands as he is off thw Forest Re­ serves.” M l. BOLTON I * flKttX FAIR* F I T IT o r * * a JACMSÖN Fanners who keep bulls learn from the tiger trainers a valuable lesson that if put Into practice would make them heiter life insurance risks No man trusts a tiger until it is dead. A bull, although he uses an entirely different method, can do just as much damage as any animal in the Zoo or in the jungle He is more vicious and treacherous than most of them and Wilh such a repu­ tation no man should trust him for a minute, no matter what his record for good behavior has been. “ Mean\ bulls perhaps have killed fewer men than those considered safe. There are few rural neighborhoods without af list of tragedies and near tragedies resulting from putting trust in “ perfectly gentle” animals. Only a few weeks ago an employe ol the United States department of ag­ riculture, visiting in New York state, was so badly injured by a dairy hull that he died a short time later. The owner led out the animal,always con sidered gentle, to have his picture taken. Without warning the animal knocked down his owner and then gored the department employee who had rushed to the man’s assistance. Had this bull been led on a staff N attached to a ring in his nose the tragedy could not have happened. Better still, it might have been kept in a pen so arranged that handling womld not have been necessary at all. Plans for eonstreting safe bull pens may be obtained from the Depart­ ment of Agriculture Washington, D. CL, and every farmer who owns a bull should put up this warning In his ham: “DON’T TRUST THE BULL\ Andarson and S 3 nt a Jackson, in the Big Hel«, several days tu the Baby and this week te Tfcey were from tei* » f Qaffhkam, Lewis BaDerdldfc, Great Falls— Methodists plan a $200.000 church. Lewis town— “ 56” company brings in 100-barrel producer. State seal to be placed on all al­ falfa seed grown in the state, thus protecing alfalfa growers from infe­ rior goods. Montana’s income from oil royal-' ty totals $121.387 for 2-year period. Helena— Famous Willard mine on Warm Springs creek to be devel­ oped. • $140,000 spent for building con- .¡.ruction in Helena first ten months of this year. Havre is the second largest cattle shipping point on Great Northern railway in Montana. Baker- - Carbon Black Oil compa­ ny to drill in city limits. Bimme - - Two commercial Coal mines in Bird Tail section working 24 hours daily to fill orders from ad­ jacent towns. M&rion— Largest natural reservoir tn, the state being constructed above Hubbard dam. 13 miles south. Fairfield— Concrete bridge is be­ ll constructed uu Y G Bee Line highway Lewisiown From August 1 to No ember 5 13,(100 head of cattle uod 22.000 head of sheep were shipped o Chicago Lewisiown Arro refinery to add 8,000 barrels tanking facilities. Helena Free Coinage mine in ump gulch to resume operations on xtensve scale ewislown Winnett Oil & Gas ompaoy tu enter Flat willow district Missoula Approximately five mil- ion feet of slate owned timber sold. Great Falls New lighting district north side created Í\ While Sulphur Springs makes 29- ar shipment of livestock. HOW DO CANDIDATES FILE The News is disturbed over the detail of candidates' filing of cam­ paign expenses whether they tile all i xpenditule.s or all contracted for This mailer is brought to us wilh ('rent font by delinquency on the part of some candidates In one Lenverhend county campaign a can e onic i-’ iick The News office on a high lope and ordered <* thousand campaign curds printed on hoih ides This was something of a Job • hose days, for we had no linotype. However, we got out the cards, sent ihem as directed and mailed a state­ ment to the candidate— who, by the way, was successful. The color of his money or the worth of his check remains a mystery to us In the campaign just closed it be­ gins to look as if we had another of these jarvies on our hook, although it may he he has overloked the fact that we printed the copy furnished and sent him a statement therefor BIG TURN IN SHEER Nelson & Sons, well known local ranchers, last week delivered 2,f>00 head of sheep to outside ranchers. Dave Evans of Melrose purjhmmd 1,000 head of ewes at 12 «hits per pbund and William Rhea Jr. of Bill­ ings the. balance, wethers, at 10 cents per pound. The sheep were In excel­ lent. condition. Nelson & Sons have purchased 1&0 head of feeder steers from local ranchers. The steers averaged cents per pound and will be fed on the Nelson ranches for the spring market.— Silver State. WHAT SCANLAND RECEIVES Dr. J M Seanland returned Tues­ day from Nampa, Calif,, where be has bee« appointed superintendent of a state hospital haring 2.089 pa­ tient«. He wifi receive * larger sal­ ary than be received at W&mSprlng and fa addition a residence, two ser­ vant«, an automobile end chauffeur «*<$- everything famished. After closing up «number ef business mat­ ter* he wifi leave Sunday ««rin g for his new home.— Saver State.

Big Hole Basin News (Wisdom, Mont.), 30 Nov. 1922, located at <>, image provided by MONTANA NEWSPAPERS, Montana Historical Society, Helena, Montana.