Big Hole Basin News (Wisdom, Mont.) 1912-1925, March 19, 1925, Image 1

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VOLUME XIII WISDOM MONTANA, THURSDAY, MARCH 19 1925 , NUMBER 26 L M A K I N G T H E M CEMENT ASSURES PROTECTION APPLYING CEMENT TO METAL LATH 7 ^ SH T ITN Cl'NM NT GllR? h STATION WITH PIRCPtfOOnTD N WALLS, CEILING AND FLOORS ,uui\ '. mo ' 19 Oc) t CT T UN A 6 T TUTTO OH APT FUtFlTtOOF MIMi - the (jniil of all luinniii* ininlnji engineers ew-r Siiire Sol-i- limn prowpeelril i,l U|iliiv fur mill's «lili «lililí in bedeck Ills «¡It'll rt-t in in- hills fair In lining re nllzi'il nfler seven years nf rontilih Mis effnrt on tIn* piiri of the Anaconda Copper Mining company at Jiutte Architectural geniuses for genera- liona have labored lo evolve the fire proof factory, apartment house and office building. Most of the hazards with which they have had to wrestle are duplicated underground -- plus many others. Specifically, the extraordinary fire hazards of deep vein metal mines may be enumerated as follows: 1. The heavy, con tin nous timbering necessary for mine supports. 2. The high ventilating pressures ltt the operating shafts and air shafts. 8. Earth movements In the country rock which frequently ruptures cables and displace trolley and lighting wires 4. The strongly acid mine waters, which quickly seize upon possible weak points In the electrical insulation. 3. Oxidation In old slopes contain |ng large amounts of timber. It Is little more than seven years »go that the Anaconda company de vised and began to pmt In operation a comprehensive plan of fire prevention. *Fhl* plan Included a thorough-going end costly program of fireproofing, the remodeling and strengthening of etoo trlcal Insulations, extensions of the Underground water system, control of ventilation, reorganization of Its fire patrol and bringing to a point of the highest efficiency its fire fighting crews, After seven years of continuous labor and the expenditure of more than a million dollars, the company has today brought fire hazard conditions to a point of safety surpassed by no other mining community in the world and equaled by few. In a word, its i&dergrrmad properties In Butte are ss fireproof «a bomao Ingenuity can make them. \Otmttlnj\ for Safety. At the »tart ft was seen that one af the chief thing* needed was ¿orne method of applying a durable coating >f fireproof material to the mine tim­ bers. TarSoos experiment* resulted eventually in the wholesale application to ail mine timbers in shafts, main level »rations, pump«, fan and trans­ former atete® *, surface ore bins and r taftdtog*, and to firtrwiy* at n r tañeseis, at * coating at fireproof awterfcs amgm m t n t • tadstare a t aond ami emaetñ. «hick, a t Sts method at gp&tkatUm, > so i d knew* « “gatói».” mm JNfcjteV #9» «atóle ril «** «üKete o t ó to be f&eproeíed c-clil hour sic fls. V\ III) men lo oni'll shift One or iimn '■liiifts vvillolnivvii from j o‘o' bered when necessary under the illnwiion of ■hi » i « bid \ mu! fircpn Ilio m ce rei I oliliccl- ■ I inaile lo I lie ■e idb\! - ,.f HKI ■line I ill' I nc sh 11 sin mil I cubi ¡li.-irly ■V to fir,' I II re icon After the work in the hint been couiplctcil, ¡.mm me vv a muled at the main level siaii.n pump, fan iiml irimsforiin the ore bins and oilier sui t urcs urn r t he eolhir nf i In little below the mlnir of the suliwiivs or soi-illml tunnels, ciirr.viiig tlie i pipes, mid main electi the mines, were also proofed. The A C M. mines on I’aiih penetrated by 2!) mmn slinfis, . .... .. Ing to variable depths from tlm surface down to .i.tVHI feet underground Tie sc shafts arc of two kinds, viz. opri-niing shafts, through uli'wh men or, and mnietials arc moved to mul from the surface, mid air shafts, through which! the huge motor-driven fans pump! ff.Otkl.fKHI cubic feet of air pm minute! to the workers, scattered i hroiia'hoiM |ng hundreds of miles of underground pus- j sages. Would Cover 150 Mile Highway. | Sixteen operating shafts, hundreds! of stations underground and the struc- j tures adjoining the shaft collars have been overlaid with more than I!,(Mm.- 000 square feet of cement —an amount sufficient to surface a 20 foot highway 150 miles long. Thirteen air shafts have been nude equally fireproof by a process known ns :smooth-surfacing, this being nec­ essary to Increase air rnpnntv Smooth-surfacing consists in fashion­ ing concrete slabs and placing these slab* between the wall plates of th - shaft, wedging them In position with pegs and then »praying the wall pin res and nil small openings with eerm-nt. The net result of this painstaking program is that there is scarcely a nook or corner throughout the length and breadth of the Anaconda work­ ings obviously subject to fire hazard that has not been thoroughly f i r e ­ proofed and completely protected. A r I ti i ■-1- - 1 H - - s 1 ' . ■ VIII ! Il- 1 t \ 11\ Sit US o Ih\ road and hanking An Cut '-er ts Tuily Ccntcolled. a [i lilt' rtMH r itki- u railroud grade M*! ii. ' iP'-l i 'll ,»(•<•-M l ' Mil of TI ih an nil 11 t -T (li rl moved is pi aci ¡ F .'! »il 1 I III 1 ■ ' 1 \! 1 fi'i- 1i l nur.iliollt ally i hH •:i me, no addii iunal ex ■ V *■' i- :i 111 i'll Ihr ' 1 rl Hr III Igllt, in as\ S ill Ktlvri I’ 1 tt'Uvh SI I .11 !\ 1\- '- 1 -:' --1 - Ihr The lU'W 1 ype of road Is safer. nid fin di iziml tin ccl li -. ni b rev Imi i h crsil.l hind V cimi: - or in In | 111; 1 mh 11,, HI in a cnntrni'V V'lhlkl' ,i 11,1 tunics dr V I In- vv m hi'i-s In addii of iron or i muon' doors, - limili crus-..-ms mid in tin I\ I « ecu mi mm cu a be o m contrary d' II pol­ lin' first fan on ■r vv onls, direction il away mi, hum installed con ■lied or shm ni «ill and lini' provide fur- I her control o f air imo emeu! Tn the mailer of fire patrol every -'Infi boss is required lo pal rid the area vv hero his men have homi work­ i as soon as e-ieh shifl goes ,iff In Ihis Im is iieeunipanii'd l \ an assist­ ati I chosen from aimdig th\ repair men of Ics crew In this way from eight to twelve men ¡¡ft t f. i| every mine immediaiely lifter I'ndi sh ift, a ilmrutigh inspection being completed within one hour. 1,000 Trained Rescue Men. “Making It diflmii’l for fire in .«tart and impossible for it to spread.'’ is the way F. I,. Uemen, general superihiend- etit. sums up the A. M. fire preven­ tion program. “Farli of our mines hag own indepeiidoht operating system,\ continued, “und at the through interconnecting its own independent opera tin , Mr. IJerriett same nine, passage« avs. the emrineal. water and j Veil!ill!ting systems of till cun be levied ; upon to aid any one mine. Furihcp- i more, ail mines are so Interconnected s that In case of emergency the men can I make the'r way from one mine to sn- ! or her and thus reach the .surface I through some orierating shrift other ; than their own. These emergency exits i are all plainly marked at important j junction points undergmtmd. I “It is important to know that every Mo-WB- WOULD PLOTI OT PROSPECTOR Thu American Mining Ccmgrru has been U.king measures to protev the rights of mining prorffcciors It enter on R.nds covered by entries or patents under the siock-raiVtng law The icsult r>i the action by the Amer­ ican Mining Congress is that the FiHved Stall s land office has advised the congress of its intention to give tho prospe ct>r full benefit of his right to prc pect for minerals and to make loeuthms i.rcordir.g to law. Tin nigh the Mining Congress the mien Con of he land department was called K> many Instances wherein pror pec tots were denied the right to enter such ground to prospect ott stock-raising homesteads. In many other in nances the prospector has he, n held up for a cash l.-.mus by the liuim .eaiici.- In iiresenting the sit­ uation to the land office the Americ an Mil leg Congress .-dated 'Prospectors seldom leave more Ilian enough cash to purchase a grub siake, and Ihis must frequently be obtained thi.mgh credit or donation Pro: ¡icctors seldom have funds with who U to defend their rights before tlm land office or the courts The simul nil should lie cleared up so that the nghis of mineral claimants may lie made paramount to those ot suilace entnnien or owners When' pros.jfcciors arc willing to ¡1 n,1■ 1 i lake lie laborious and expens tvi work of developing locations with the expectation of (Hiding minerals 'D paying quantities lit should be pi' med that the laud Is of u min era I cliarui ter until oxploruiion uml development work proves otherwise or the land is abandoned Thi# would incvml rl ixsiticu ,i in of Hiicli lands as being chlelly valuable for grazing until ns non in m-cal charanter is pron u The M iner MODERN lit*\l) BUILDING AImosl over night road builders ir-v ,,vvken mg to the fact that one of Hie urest ways to prevent highway m nub ills 1.-. to widen (¡he road grades m in tepee in fence more like a Street isi 'uil ot digging great ditches at GRAIN STOCKS SMALLER to a, a mo orisi il I han In do si t le of const ruction feeU more at ease on •s on the old turnpike The mere fact that he docs not feci as nervous about running off the grade reduces the danger of accidents, for he Is in rlined „<> drive struighter anil not wobble'' in passing auother car St s the same propos.tloii as when you walk a narrow plank across a creek —you are inclined to think you are going to fall off Put an add! t.onal plank on each aide of the one you are walking and you can walk (lie single plunk hot ween the other lwo without any hesitancy. A wider road grade gives./'he same feeling to an automobile driver. This makes a safer road than merely widening and paving. This common sense idea, coupled with time-tested methods of paving which are now being used in the West and which recognize the necessity of a s hook -absorbing type of road paving to absorb the traffic impact, will give the traveling public better and safer roads and assure the taxpayer a great deal more for bis money than n thet past.—The Manufacturer. ELK HORN TO RESUME Along with fireproofing, the entire electrical equipment underground has! operating sbsfr on the hill bee« tfcorcmgMy overhauled, old p«w-least' shaft: that is. the air is being er e*Me* have bee» replaced hy the; cor.s-antly drawn upward by ip« faiis new steel-armored type, lighting and of rh» *«{«•&»t* air '■bafts. T) is mean* signal cable* have been renewed and , that in m«e fire break» out. stance and modern, safety-first switches have been I gas are dra wn a w ay from the mam *ta- Installed. The coot at the electrical ’ riorrs, to whk-h the men would natgrtb { closed for two years work alone ran into the rafflkm». j ty flock is case of fire and from Which Fed by the city system. four-inch ; they could be brested to the scarf*' water columns carry water down the! without 1 exposed to fgmes. TV R Allen, presndent of the re- «'josanied mining company operating at LIkhorn, gave it out to The Stan­ dard last week that work would be te.-; umed at once at it he properties down the valley and that during the coming summer both mine and mill will be operated at fail capacity. Work during the summer, Mr. Al­ len todd The Standard, vtlt be done on the S300-foot and l.b&O-foot level of yhre old Beaton k Momtaaa mine. shaft* to fhe stations, from which pifie Hues l o r e been laid t e * B drift*, eross- etrts trod «tope*. At every ttsdereroBE-d ettîiott there are reel* of fire hose «æ n eeîefi ® r e « ly srffh th e xratnr ceî- i tonfi». There e r e Hre exfftSMdshw* egtópsMfii, On the sorfsoe » ihosf house I« Vsttíeé riese t e « e h ta i f t , f i d SfiNb \Ber in c*»e resme wvirlr h neces­ sary the company he* the ler^fft et the service* of s.t tea«t 1 jWi taae «bora ft M t trsftaed tsì M m ttm test feerie*!* te astee m cae 8wf ffrst-mW •work. A rateííEura «f i t trite# mm te rettóre# m m â t m fm tmg m m ratee* have ** high a* 4t. jste. a* a B a tter ot fact, neéer prese»* ctoffi- « f fh fiftie»*. «Ifk tim «h tes^ k f a t e t i « » fnr f i t a f B M l «Mtannear» me h m *#e|«e4. m Ote tk pendra* reorganiatkai of th e eompa- e« ty . Litigation in eoEBcctlon with rtk e reorgattiratio« ,by which, th e dob ton k Montana Mining eorporwtion became th e B A M with tea-eased eipdtaiteiio®, ira * b e « fea e tie tó V A llea x m , n t e 4fb* a ita t e « ef fTfnr rirtnimniBiflfi teteiftste a t t e «SI orgateMtefi.- n-te fc goo# » m U r the »A ä te am a e u tr c n a t & g im f t * * Montana federal and state co-op­ erative service glveaou-t the following as its March report: Stock* of grain on Montana farms are smaller than usual, while the hay carry-over on March 1 was above he average. The higher prices for grains, par tinularly wheat, and the general need of cash, have induced farmers market their cash crops more rapt.d ly than usual. The big wheat crop was marketed rapidly, owing to better prices and partly to good weather and road con dilions during much of the winter Most of that remaining will be used for seed. Iu a few ¡ iam IHies farmers express some concern about there be tug uu adequate supply of go id seed wheat. Stocks are lower than for several years and less than the It) year average Oat sleeks are likewise lower than usual on the average. Some farmers in seat.tered loealitles report a very- strong demand and high prices for i.-a is. Less barley Is on hand than usual due to u greater portion being sold earlier Corn slocks are also lower, mainly bemuse of such a amatll part of the total crop that matured In 1924 For the state as a whole, '„he hay supplies are again heavy this spring Some localities in western districts are rather short of hay, while tn most of the ot her districts there Is a surplus Slock has been able lo util ize wirier range feed to very good advantage, thus requiring almost the minimum amount of hay tn ppractl cully all Heel'ms east of the divide In general, Montana farmers have stm good supplies of feed grains and hay to carry their sitock through lo grass urn! to supply work animal* I’otaito stocks left on farms In the state ure smaller 'than last year, or than usual, due chiefly to better lo demands und to a smaller crop last year. Most of the potatoes left will be used locally for food und seed, although a few commercial sec­ tions will ship Home this spring for In Ih seed and tab!.- use Farmers' reports Indicate that about 16 per cent of the 1 924 flax crop was on hand March 1st IT comparative figures are available The amount held Is more than suf­ ficient for seed requirements, even on an expanded acreage, but local seed requirements may tn some in stances exceed «lihe local supplies. KlXiKXlUH HILL IN IDAHO Few bills passed In the various state legislatures this winter are more daring than fire “eugenic* bill\ that has passed both houses of the Idaho legislature and which author­ izes a board, conipriskng the warden of the state penitentiary, the direc­ tor of public health, (the euperintend- or the two hospitals for the m sane, and of the home of the feeble­ minded, to cause the sterilization of the feeble-minded, lnsaue, epileptic, habitual drunkards, moral uegener- ates and sex perverts, it passed the senate 33 to 7 and it is thought will receive the governor's signature and become a law. The Lewiston Tribune notes that laws of a similar trend have been en­ acted In several states, and that “Governor Pterce of Oregon advised the Iadho legislature that the law in Oregon had given satisfaction ” It quotes Senator Duvall of Twin Falls county as declaring, in a speech urg­ ing the bill before the Idaho legisla­ ture, that “many people are now in the state asylums, either feeble­ minded or insane,whose families had increased «teadily and whose chil­ dren were without exception what the parent* were, and if the human race is ever to be improved it must be through such a law.” The significance of the passage of the bill in Idaho by so subteasttel a majority lies te the encouraging fact that legislator» are approaching with increasing frankness ’ and courage delicate problem* that had bees kept te the background by what te sow regarded an a false sease a t delicacy.' SteenuSo» of these put#>leaaA* sow eeMaeted te teehiatftre efekaibet, de­ ni propriety and teek a t per- tte i » * * l f have !8 e * Jackson News Notes Matt Briggeman Is la the Basin. with Mrs, Mis:* Crowley visited John Jackson Friday. Alfred Peterson visited wih ehtcr in Dillon last week. hi* Sara Robinson came in Wednesday lookin»; for more good beef. Little Helen Anderson celebrated her sixth birthday Saturday. Mrs. Fred Walchly and mother are visiting friends tn Butte. Howard Morse of Dillon spent sev­ eral’ days in the Basin last week. Mrs Martin Jackson has left for a few weeks visit with relatives in Dil­ lon Mr and Mrs. Johnson visited with friends a-t Wisdom Monday and Tues­ day J P Lossl visited here a tew days last week—can t keep away from the old town! M r9. turned friends Charley Dell home Monduy at Jackson. and sons re- after visiting Arthur Anderson returned from California lust week but says he re­ turned just a montn •,»> soon, as It's ton much of a change from the or­ ange blossoms. Mrs Dan I'endergast has returned from a visit with Wisdom friends. She siijs she has two hens sotting, und that Isn’t all—fir tnfonnui ion call the ranch. Reverend Lofts of Dillon held a community service Wednesday even­ ing. A very targe crowd was pres­ ent, which Indicates that the public appreciate* -(he minister's visits to Jackson. MONTANA'S FISH PROBLEM Saturday'* Miner carried Otis head on Its editorial loader and a consider­ able portion of the column was occu­ pied hy the article—a very merito­ rious one, by the way Attention was called to the fact that the number of anglers had In­ creased greatly and also cited the fact that so much more water is now used for irrigation purposes than waa formerly the case All of which, it was stated, tended to the depletion of waters formerly “fairly utive\ with fish. One point well taken In behalf of angling was ’the suggetiou taht any­ one who could make a practical fish wheel that would keep the speckled beauties out of the irrigation ditches would make an independent fortune. It's a The Miner says.that the rivers with a big flow all the year round have more of their Hs>h de­ stroyed by goting down irrigation ditches every year than at] the ang­ lers who whip the stream catch In a season. A writer in last week's Collier's expressed an idea of merit.. He re­ ferred particularly to the destruction of the small fish by the larger fish already in the streams and advocated building ponds along river banks, having a screen at. each end of the pond. “Put bout 5,00 0, say, finger- lings in there and feed ’em—get the best growth possible, then o-pen your outlet screen. Repeat as often as necessary to keep your streams well stocked.” This gentleman's plan is most easy of manipulation, but the rancher who tried it In the Big Hole would have to employ a doable shift of watch­ men or else those jarvies who make life miserable for ns would have ae pond fished out Jast about the time we got ready to release the fish. REGULAR SAHARA SERVICE The Sahara express, a bi-weekly «nriee »crow the great desert from Paris to Ti »batta., has been teaag- ara'Sed by the French. The Journey takes 1» days a s # has bee» so o rgan- tee# th a t traveler* «deep t e hades* at tó f b t . From A lgiers e fty t e C efeatb- Battear th e Jocn tey te- l y 7 * 9 . These» fh » finm á teg te y e t by- p » t ten th e a t <tea.*NSh«( ter M # * - 1 m

Big Hole Basin News (Wisdom, Mont.), 19 March 1925, located at <>, image provided by MONTANA NEWSPAPERS, Montana Historical Society, Helena, Montana.