The Winifred Times (Winifred, Mont.) 1913-19??, August 16, 1935, Image 1
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• VOL. 23 OF O RICA L socterf MON TANA. H ELENA THE• WINIFRED TIMES WINIFRED, MONTANA, FRIDAY, AUGUST 16. 1936. Mtai NO. 22 He's A Radical! Just who and what is a radical? The term radical is perhaps one of the most misused and misunderstood terms of today. Ac- cost a hundred persons at random and ask each of them to define the word radical and the chances are good that you would receive exactly one hundred differing answers. It is among a number of words which have become so elastic and broad in meaning that the management really enjoyed they have lost their meaning. Today the word radical is used so themselves Sunday—didn't even indiscriminatingly that it very nearly means nothing at all; or, at need to worry about an alibi. best, it is used to define something which the user himself does not understand. Webster defines the word thus: \A root, or radical, part; hence a support or foundation; a fundamental; a basis or basic principle.\ Regarding the political meaning of word, Webster says: \one who advocates radical and sweeping changes in laws and methods of government with the least delay, especially changes deemed to tend to equalize, or to remedying evils arising from soc- ial conditions.\ From this it is seen that a radical is necessarily one who ad- vocates changes in the fundamental principles of existing govern- ment, seeking thereby to bring government into closer harmony with existing economic and social csnditions. With this in mind let U8 glance back into the pages of his- tory and pick out just a few of those who were radicals. Jesus of Nazareth paid for his radical opposition to religious hypocrisy and political oppression on a cross on a hill. Was he a fool and a luna- tic? No one would say that today; yet, that is what he was called by his own brothers and by the Constituted Authorities of his day. The proponents of the Magna Charta were the radicals of 1215. They simply demanded that the laws be amended so that common people should have the right to live by law. Would they be con- sidered radicals today? Not likely, for the Magna Charta is the foundation stone upon which our laws rest. In the early years of seventeenth century the English pilgrims came to North America seeking to escape religious intolerance. A little over a century and a half later their radical descendants fought a long, cruel war in order to establish democracy and legalize the Constitution of the United States. Coming nearer to our time, William Jennings Bry- on was classed as a radical throughout his long and unsuccessful political career. Looking back, we think of him as a very conser- vative man. Theodore Roosevelt was denounced as much too rad- ical by those who did not agree with his brand of democracy, and today his kinsman is being assailed with the same sort of vitriolic abuse. Yet, liberty is safer and life is brighter and happier today because those radicals had the courage to stay true to their con- victions. Nearly all political, economic and social progress has been handed down to us by radicals of the past and still a vast majority of us do not understand the word. Perhaps the most accurate definition of the word radical as it is used today would sound some- thing like this: one who advocates something which we are too lazy to try to understand, and whose purpose we seek to defeat by ridicule or abuse. Additional Locals Frank Clow of Salt Creek was a Winifred visitor Wednesday morning. Mayor Jim Carr of Christina was in Winifred Wednesday re- newing acquaintances. Charlie and Frank Philps drove to Billings Sunday to take in the Midland Empire fair. W. L. Smith of the Woodhawk section was a business caller in Winifred Wednesday. George Wilson of the P -N ranch was a business caller in town Tuesday, Mrs. Fred Triepke and children were guests of Mr. and Mrs. C. 0. Haun Sunday. Andy Bakshas was in Winifred Wednesday morning attending to certain business affairs. The Odin Romunstad family were guests at the Hunt home Thursday evening. Roy Anderson of Suffolk was a Winifred business caller Tuesday morning. 0. B. White and son 011ie of Suffolk transacted business in Winifred Wednesday. Anna Robinson is helping out at the Nelson lunch counter this week. Mr. and Mrs. Dan H. Whit- more and daughter Winifred GiYoff were town visitors Wed- nesday. Mrs. Myrtle Haun and daugh- ter Dorothy made a short visit 1 at the Carl flaun home Sunday evening. Mrs. M. Bowman and daugh- ter of Ronan, Montana, was a visitor of Mildred B. Johnston Tuesday and Wednesday. J. Dugald McDonald has been busy checking up on the corn - hog allotment. Bud Willis ac- companied him in the capacity of chauffeur. Irvin Smith was among those attending the North Montana fair at Great Falls last week. Irvin says the rodeo events weren't so hot. Miss Lucille Moseley spent the past two weeks at the Joe Vanek Jr., ranch near Brooks, assisting with the cooking while the wheat crop was being combined. Clinton L. Peck, Harold Hull, Fred Crow and the Publisher at- tended the Chevrolet movie show that was held at Lewistown last Monday evening. A report coming in the first of the week said that the winter wheat on the ranch of J. Dugald MacDonald of the Millsap Reser- vation averaged 25 bushels per acre. Oskar Limpus, who has spent the past six weeks visiting rela- tives and friends, left for Den- ver, where he will attend the national convention of the Sigma Phi Epsilon Fraternity. - ----- Chris Christensen of the Jud- ith river section departed yester- day for the Flatwillow country to bring back two truck loads of Whiteface cattle h e purchased the forepart of the week. Loren Limpus arrived Wed- nesday from Missoula where he has made his home for the past five years. He will stay and help his mother with the manage- ment of her ranch. COMMONPLACE CONTROL OF CREDIT Resent small injustices or you may later be forced to endure great wrongs. -Confucius • • • Baseball season is ended and • • • Last week -end Jules Bourgeois in the absence of his brother Omar, played host to a party of serenaders. Omar lives away out there in the bottom of pictur- esque Sawmill Coulee. It's a lonesome looking place but Jules says that he's so busy working that he doesn't find time to get lonesome. The boys have one of nicest gardens in the country. • • • The Times has a surprise for you next week. Uncle Otis has promised to give us a contribu- tion. We're most as much in the dark as you are—all we know is that he has taken his pen in hand and has promised us all a sur- prise. Watch for Uncle Otis. • • • Wednesday evening while I watched the flames which de- stroyed the home of Carl Potter, lose their heat and brilliance and slowly die, memory took me back to a sheep camp where, on the 17th of April. 1934, I stood and watched my outfit go up in smoke. It isn't a nice feeling to stand helpless and watch every- thing you own burn; it makes the stoutest grow sick at heart. Pete did his best to console me. He was a loyal little pal, but, he was only a dog. It roquires stub- born courage and grit to begin again. • • • BROWNIE He was standing alone in the corner of the pasture. Perhaps he was dreaming of the days gone by and reminising of the time he worked side by side with his teammate Doc. Since those times Brownie has seen many changes take place on the sage covered flats of Gerhard. It was in 1913, when he and Doc were a four -year -old lead team, that he helped haul the lumber that went into Reeves & Day's store into Winifred. They haul- ed the lumber that went to build many of the little homestead shacks around Winifred, and load after load of machinery. As Brownie worked on, year after year, many of those shacks were abandoned, many of the original settlers disappeared. New settl- ers appeared, bigger and better houses took the places of the lit- tle frame shacks in which the adventurous homesteaders drea- med of the wealth and independ- ence which never materialized. Still Brownie worked on, plow- ing, discing, drilling, harvesting; hauling wheat to town and haul- ing supplies back to the Whit- more ranch. Few are the humans still here who remember the building of the town of Winifred yet, Brownie is still cropping grass out Gerhard way. He's on pension now and as he stands and dreams he has every right to dream of a life well spent and work well and faithfully done in the service of his master, Dan H. Whitmore. • • • Poet: \Should I stop writing poetry?\ Editor: \Gosh no, just start.\ Fire Forces Halt ' While the Winifred fire brigade was busy fighting fire Wednes- day evening Harry Talbert was having fire troubles of his own. The wind was in such a direction as to blow the featherlike cheat - grass over the engine exhaust and Mr. Talbert was forced to quit combining to keep from setting the grain field afire. A BASIC QUESTION Economist Describes Conflict Be- tween Opposing Social View- points on Government Bank. Agitation for government bankiug Is a phase of the conflict between our present \personal competitive enter- prise system\ In America and the \com- pulsory state collective security sys- tem\ of several European States, Virgil Jordan, President National industrial Conference Board, says in an article in a recent issue of \Banking\ pub- lished by the American Bankers As - iodation. \They involve Irreconcilable prin- ciples of human conduct and philoso- phy of life and the conflict between them is the key to the economic, social and political struggles of today,\ Mr. Jordan says. The enterprise system of which \the development of the United States has been the unparalleled example, de- pends for its motive power of progress upon the inexhaustible reservoir of energy in individual desire for personal advancement in prosperity, but it guar- antees nothing to the individual save freedom of opportunity,\ the article says in part. The collectivist security system, he says, \places all emphasis upon the maintenance of a minimum standard of living for the mass without regard to the creative power of the individual. Quite simply the security system in- volves the modern form of the phil- osophy of the slave society.\ He con- tinues: A Sign of the Times \The many-sided movement toward governmental banking, deposit insur- ance and currency management is the most direct and decisive expression of the universal instinctive search for se- curity which is the sign of the times. In America our so-called social security legislation is an important indication of the drift away from the enterprise system toward a collectivist security system with concentration of author- ity in a central Federal government. \The nationalization of credit is crucial and indispensible for complete state control of the complex industrial and business structure of this coutv try. The drive toward government banking and monetary control is most determined because the relation of the state to credit goes to the root of the enterprise system. A collective secur- ity system is inconceivable without nationalization of credit. An enterprise system is inconceivable with it.\ Under a collective security system, based on government banking the con- trols \lie solely in the hands of a few persons and depend upon their judg- ment, will or caprice,\ Mr. Jordan says, adding that it is they who must de- termine \upon the basis of some pre- determined plan or upon pure political expediency of the moment, what lines of industry and even what individual enterprises shall have access to the credit reservoir.\ The state, he says, has the power of life and death over all enterprise that utilizes credit. \Every government is an organ of party power and must respond to the will of the party that put it in power,\ the Jordan article says. \Under un- checked government operation it is an inescapable tendency of every cur- rency to depreciate and for credit to expand. However much It may be in the interest of the nation, deflation is too dangerous politically for any gov- ernment to undertake it deliberately. \In the end government banking and currency management resolve them- selves simply into the use of credit as a political instrument of power, and this instrument tends to be used in the long run for expropriation of the savings of the community.\ W. C. McLaughlin announces that he will hold another auction sale at the fairgrounds in Lewis- town next Monday August 19th. His previous sales have been successful. Glenn Kendall called at the office last night and took his first lesson in the use of the compos- ing stick. Glenn Halverson also played at hide and seek with the illusive type. - - George W. Mees spent the fore- part of the week in Lewistown attending to business matters. George plans on having two truck loads of cattle hauled to Lewistown for the McLaughlin auction sale next Monday. Our readers will kindly note that We have three new ads this week: one by Fred March, where you may purchase any style of shoe you may desire, and Jack Williams and Fuller&Clark pro- mise to supply your favorite brand of beer as cold as ice can make it. Gipp To Have Sale FIRE DESTROYS Mrs. E. A. Gipp and daughter I FlorenCe made a business call at the office Tuesday afternoon, in d t their t b regard o auction sale o e held at their ranch near Suffolk, August 31st. Mrs. Gipp reports that she recently had a letter from Mrs. Ray Waddell, former- ly Bernadine Runyan, who now lives at Webster, South Dakota. Mrs. Waddell reports everything coming along tine, with very good prospects of a bumper crop. She also says that her sister, Miss \Joe Pat\ who makes her home with Bernadine, is now quite a young lady. Correction We try our best to be explicite and correct when reporting news events pertaining to the various activities of our patrons, but as yet, we are merely human and therefore, much as we regret it, subject to error. In the last is- sue of the Times we should have said that Mrs. Willis H. Nelson visited her sister instead of her parents. Nelsons To Minot Arnold Nelson, pastor of the American Lutheran church, and his wife will leave Monday for Minot, North Dakota where they expect to enjoy a two -weeks' va- cation at the home of Mrs. Nel- son's parents. Civil Service Examinations The United States Civil Ser- vice Commission has announced open competitive examinations as follows: Chief explosives chemist, $5,600 a year, Pittsburg (Pa.) Experment Station, Bureau of Mines. Area medical director, $5,600 a year, Indian Service. Full information may be ob- tained from the Secretary of the United States Civil Service Board of Examiners at the post office or cnstomhouse in any city which has a post office of the first or the second class, or from the United States Civil Service Commission, Washington, I). C. Mr. and Mrs. Frank Bennett of Roundup, Mr. J. Hansen of Minneapolis, Mrs. Ella and Miss Alice Quinn of Lewistown were welcome visitors at the Reyleck home Sunday. Incidently, the party was looking over the oil prospects in this vicinity. Mr. and Mrs. Clarence Russel of the Missouri river country spent the past ten days touring the Yellowstone National Park. They were duly impressed with the wonders of Nature's handi- work and report a most enjoy- able trip. Mr. and Mrs. T. W. Reeves are expecting the arrival tomor- row of their daughter, Mrs. Vic- tor Abrahamson and their grand- son George. Their son George is accompanying the Abraham - sons. The party is making the trip by automobile from their home in Lodi, California. En - route they stopped at Brigham City, Utah to pick up Dorothy Turner who has been visiting there for the past two weeks. Age of Captive Birds Among captive birds the bigger the bird the longer It lives. The peacock and the gbose have long lives. The hen Is short-lived—slxteen years at the most. None of the small Mode has a long life. Larks probably live longest. They have been known to reach seventeen Solomon Islands The discoverer of the Solomon Is lands named then' for King Solomon because it was believed that these is lands supplied the gold for his tem- ple. There Is no proof of this. how- ever. The naked natives eat lizards, crocodiles find missionaries. Tobac- co le used as currency there. CARL POTTER HOME Winifred was startled Wednes- day evening by a fire that com- pletely destroyed the home of Mr. and Mrs. Carl Potter, situa- ted on I)ay street—just up the hill and across from the residence of C. L. Peck. The alarm sound- ed at 6:20 and virtually the whole town responded. But by the time the volunteers were on the scene, the three-room dwelling was entirely enveloped in flames and all efforts were directed to- ward saving the house directly to the west. This house, the home of Mr. and Mrs. Fred Crow, was entirely emptied within a few minutes. The town firecart proved of little assistance and most of the fighting was done with hand extinguishers and water. By the time the Potter house was levelled and there appeared to be little danger for the Crow residence, flames were seen on tho roof of the Willard Limpus house, directly in line with the wind, about one hundred, fifty yards to the southeast, and the water truck rushed down the little hill. This fire was quickly put out with water alone, bucket - lines forming both inside and out. Nothing is known about the origin of the fire. Mrs. Potter who was visiting at a neighbor- ing home, said the stove was cold when she left home. The dwelling, the property of a Miss Thompson of Geneva, Neb., and the furnishings are a total loss. Mr. Potter, who is employed as a mechanic at the D -Y Garage, said that he carried no insurance. To George Halverson and his son Glenn goes the credit for turning in the alarm. EXAMINATIONS J. G. Johnson, president of the Board of School Trustees, an- nounces that seventh and eighth grade examinations will be given in Winifred next Monday and Tuesday, August 19th and 20th, American Lutheran Church Aug. 18, Services, 11 a. m. No services Aug. 25 and Sept. 1st. Next service Sept. 8, 11 a. m. THE FARM BUDGET By DAN H. OTIS, grim -alters! Director, American &lottery Association Inventories aid In the formation of a farm budget. Some banks. as well as the Farm Credit Administration, recommend out- lining in advance the method of using production loans. Under this elan provision Is made for monthly expenditures and funds are granted to the borrower in accordance with the budget plan. The budget helps to show how loans can be repaid. With the accu mutated data from previous inventories and budgets. budget making becomes easier and more accurate and valuable. As one branch of the farming plant requires more expenditure, such as for new ma- chinery, fencing, livestock, etc., it may be necessary to limit other branches in order to meet these pressing require- ment& The budget helps to formulate a fi- nancial program. It is of special Im- portance in arranging to meet special or large expenditures. If the income and expenditures are carefully budg- eted it prevents the spending of money needed for interest and taxes before the time of their payment arrives. It helps to provide P. reserve. The Agricultural Commission of the American Bankers Aesociation feels that this type of work is so important that special emphasis has been placed upon the field of farm Inventories, budgets and credit statemente as one Of 1te national projects for farm aid. D. H. OTIS