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Kendall, Montana, April 21, 1903. EVERY MINE MS 11 LIMIT Immense Producers of Wealth that Have Played Out Economy in the Operation of Mines Makes Otherwise Small Pro- ducers Pay Well Mines of large size and famous rec- ord are popular and it ls often said of them, they are inexhaustible.\ As a matter of fact no mine is in- exhaustible, though some possess re- serves which insure a long period of successful existence. Most mines are made up of more than one shoot or ore deposit, and these usually differ to a greater or less extent in size and value, and sometimes in character. A mine which makes a record as a producer of high grade ore is look- ed to by the public to continue this record, but there are few mines that do not sooner or later detireciate their output, or at least if maintaining it have to treat a vastly larger quantity of ore. The Mount Morgan mine in Queens- land, Australia, at one time a large producer, still makes a large output, but the ore no longer runs an average of $70 per ton, nor is it quarried from a hillside as formerly, but it is mined from levels far below the surface, as In most other mines. The mines of Bingham Canyon, Utah, were famous producers in their early history, but the rich, superficial ores, were largely worked ou,t, and a period of idleness came. Today they are again large producers, but the ores which afford a profit now could only have been worked at a Ion in qarlier days. Changes in cost of supplies and price of labor, improve- ment in and cheapening of transporta- tion, and a greater economy in the reduction of ores, together with high- er saving of values, have made this possible. The history of the Comstock lode of Virginia City, Nev., is familiar to all mining men. The annual output from the Comstock is still large, but it is mostly derived from low grade ores; but close economy and high ex- traction of values only make this pos- sible. There are few large low grade mines where the value of the ore does not change greatly; but the increased cost of mining from constantly greater depth is only offset by commercial changes for the better, greater econ- omy in all branches and the absence of extravagance. Among mines of this class are the Homestake of South Dakota, the Alaska-Treadwell of Alas- ka, the large copper mines of Butte, Mont., and some of those of Arizona. Another important factor in the economy of mining is the merging un- der on general management of a large number of mines, or mining locations, by which means a great saving can be effected. In the early history of the Comstock there were about forty separate companies, each with its separate manager, superintendent and heads of various departments and large clerical force, with expensive offices in San Francisco, Cal. The saving which might have been made by the consolidation of several adjoin- ing interests would have represented a large dividend to stockholders, but those were not days of economy. Should another Comstock lode be dis- covered it is probable that similar scenes would be enacted, while it is very' likely that large interests would be consolidated for economy in work- ing and in managerdent. The life of a mine is determined only wheen it is completely worked out, as ore left today because it is too low grade to pay may in a few years come within range of \payable ore in sight..\ —3a ining and Scientific Press. EARLY MINING IN MONTANA There May be Many Butte. Lying Idle Today Awaiting Development It is a well known fact that less than one-half of one per cent, of the known mineral grounds in Montana have ever been worked, and that thous- ands of acres in well known mineral districts have never been prospected . . The first rush to Montana was to the rich placers and they were worked individually for several years, while no attention was paid to quartz prop- erties. In early days quartz development and mining was handicapped by the expense . of getting in machinery, and by the still greater drawback of find- ing reduction works to treat the ores. At the first, Montana ores were sint to Swansea, Wales, by ox team and river and ocean, and only unusually high grade ores would pay the freight charges. Now there are mills at the develop- ed mines and smelters right at tile doors with reasonable treatment charges and rail freight rates, and as a consequence there is more develop- ment and more prospecting than ever before, and the efforts of the prospect- ors and miners are being rewarded by profitable returns. Mines that have laid idle for years are being developed and worked at a profit because of the changed con- ditions, and low grade properties that once would not have been considered now give good returns, WORLD'S LARGEST SMOKESTACK Over 300 Men at Work Building It In Anaconda, Montana Nearly 300 men are now employed daily at the Washoe smelter in Ana- conda assisting in the work of con- struction of the large stack that is be- Ing built there at the present time to carry away the sulphur and arsenic fumes that have given the company so much bother in times past, and which have been a constant nuisance to the ranchers in the Deer Lodge valley. The new stuck is to be 300 feet in height, and when finished will be the highest stack in the world for the pur- pose used. The huge chimney is be- ing built at the highest point of groune above the immense Washoe plant and its great height will, It is belleven, carry the smoke so high into the air that all of the dangerous fumes will be dissipated in the atmosphere before it has a chance of settling to the ground, as is now the case. The granite foundation was finish- ed several days ago and a full gang of bricklayers is now at work. They have got to a point about twenty feet above the ground. When the brick - masons stopped work Saturday even- ing it was estimated that 1,260,000 bricks had been used, and that it would take nearly double that quan- tity of bricks to complete the Job. Pneumonia' le Bobbed of its Terror. by Foley'a Honey and Tar. It stops the racking cough and heals and strenethens the lungs. lf taken in time it will pro. vent an attack of pneumonia. Refuse substitutes. L. C. Wittier), agent. G -- -THE WEDGE BUFFET -..-9 P. LEARY, Proprietor A Well Assorted Line of WINES, LIQUORSANDCIGARS COMFORTABLE, COZY CLUB ROOMS Opposite Post Office and Shaules' Hotel, Kendall, riontana W. S. SMITH TELEPHONE 116 LEWISTOWN, MONTANA EXCLUSIVE IN HOUSE FURNISHINGS TERMS CASH MAY IIOLD TWO OFFICES Attorney General Tionornii Renders de important Decialou In response to an inquiry from As- sistant State Superintend,ent J. M. Lewis, Attorney General James Don- ovan has given an opinion on the question of whether a trustee of a school district can also legally hold the office of trustee of a county free high schOol, in which the attorney gen- eral says: \The question as to whether, under the . ,10.1vii of this titate. tt. „Pere= can Cigars, Very Choice hold more than one public office was several times presented to my imme- diate predecessor in this office, and the , opinicn was in each caze , ed by him that unless a legislative prohibition exists one person is elig- ible to hold two offices at the same time, if the duties of such offices are not incompatible. Certain ,exceptions Kendall Bakery and Confectionery Store .114RTIN CL4USEN Proprietor Bread, Pies and Cakes Fresh Every Day Candies, Tobaccoes and Local Agent for Kendall Stages Mrs. M. E. Van Dusen's HOSPITAL Lewistown Montana The experience of trained norweti afforded to this rule were noted. He was, how- to all our patients ever, able to find no general law pro- Rates from Sea to $so per week hibiting officers from holding a sec- ond office. \I am likewise unable to find any such general statute. In the search I have been able to make I find no special provision in the school laws which would prohibit one person from being both a trustee of a school di:- trict! and of a county free high school. Nor do I see where any incompati- bility could exist as to the two offices. \It is my opinion, therefore, that no reason exists under the law why one person should, not hold both of these offices.\ Canedn'• Bright Future The sun of prosperity is beaming more brightly than ever before upon all this fair land of Canada. It is evi denced in every line of industry and occaRittion in the Dominion, and it is a fact to which Bredstreet's recent report upon the trade conditions of this ountry bears so flattering a tes- timony. Not only have the agricultur- al products exceeded anything in the history of the Dominion, but the man- ufacturing products have been unpre- Has cedented, and trade is in a healthy years state. This promising condition of things at borne is bound to affect the Operations. situation abroad and insure success to the various Canadian immigration CHRONICLE agencies, particularly to the work of those in the United States. 1112.00 A YEAR Corresponce solicited. Telepli lop No. 0. F. WASMANSDORFF Civil Engineer and Surveyor U. S. Deputy Mineral Surveyor. KENDALL, MONTANA. , Dr. Gaylord McCoy Successor to Dr Wiemer Office on First Floor Above the Post Office, Kendall, Montana. DENTISTRY Dr. Al. M. Hedges Office Over Judith Hard- ware Store, Lewistown. been in practice over thirty and guarantees all his