Kendall Chronicle (Kendall, Mont.) 1902-190?, May 12, 1903, Image 6

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6. Kendall, Montana, May R 1903 AN ANCIENT QUARRY. One in Nebraska That Was Worked by Unknown Race. Series of Mines Burled Under the AecummilsitLons of Centuries In- dicate the Loss of a People. in Ages Past. In the great flint quarries near Nehawka, Neb., covering Jerre than a township, a party of well-known sci- entists has found what they think is evidence of the existence of a lost race, hitherto unknown. It is thought that this prehistoric people belonged to neither the red men nor the mound builders. But who they were and at what remote age they inhabited the Missouri valley cannot now be ascertained, says a recent report from that section. They were a race of patient plod- ders whose knowledge and handiwork had not been developed beyond the primitive ideas of the stope age. By 'their industry it is shonn that they were not the nomadic. indolent In- dian race; by their ignorance and crude handiwork that they were not of the,refined, almost civilized mound builders, the first American aborig- ines, whose existence is definitely known. Then who were they, whence did they come, and by whom were they obliterated? Aside from the nittund builders and the latter-day Indians, no American aborigines tire known to scientists, and in these quarries is evidence of a strange race. There is no doubt the quarries are of great age. The entire series of mines has been buried beneath an average of ten feet of soil. The ac- cumulation of this must have taken centuries. It is known positively the condition has not changed at all in 100 years. Then how many centuries did it take for this teq feet of soil to cover the whole of the mines? To settle the mooted question whether these quarries, situated on the Nehawka fruit farm owned by Isaac M. Pollard, were the work of so • . me artificial agency or of nature, an unusually large party of prominent scientists was induced by State Arch- aeologist E. E. Blackman to visit the quarries. Of the findings of the sci- entists State Archaeologist Blackman gave out the following statement: \Mr. Pollard, when he arranged the visit to this spot a year ago, caused a cross section to be cut in the brow of the hill and laid bare the face of the quarry. This excavation is 80 feet in length, six feet wide, and averages ten feet in depth. It shows that the arti- sans removed two layers of solid lime- stone and one of decayed rock before they came to the strata which they sought, and which contained the nod- ules of flint from which implements were made. Tons of flint are scat- tered on the surface and in the debris of the quarry, and there are many rocks showing where the flint nod- _ Wes. Wer,f4, Olken out. On the large tliWs of- limestone in the quarry nit one may see fractures, pa if they had been struck with a heavy sledge. The face of the quarry, as shown by the excavation, is a perpendicular wall 12 feet high. The surface indication be- fore digging was a circular or oblong • depression. There is a burr oak stand- ing nearly in the center of the pit measuring six feet two inches in cir- cumjerence. \As to the people who did this quar- rying little can be said at this time. The archaeology of Nebraska was not systematically studied until a year ago, and that is scarcely time enough to arrive at a definite conclusion. This much is evident, however: A lazy In- dian—and most of them we have met are that way—never did this work. Thi work was systematically done, as if untier one man's directions; the flint from these quarries is found in well -made Implements 100 miles from the quarries. \The Missouri river front presents a complicated archaeological field, and one which needs more time to develop. There are indicaticuts of three distinct races or tribes of atone age people here. These three are intermingled in places, are separated in other places; they had traits and customs very sim- ilar in some respects and unlike in oth- ers. \Briefly stated, we know but little about them. It is my opinion that these quarries were worked by a tribe of people related remotely, if at all, to any Indians known to the early set- tlers of Nebraska. As to the age of this work, the above cited burr oak tree teaches us that at least 100 years ago the pit where it stands was inprac- tically the same condition as to -day.\ • Chromos. Belcher—\What was the use In showing Nuritch through your art gallerl? He couldn't appreciate your painti-e - rs.\ Rulcher—\Well he seemed inter- ested and surprised.\ Belcher—\Really and what did he say?\ •Kulcher—\Gee! what a lot of 'em you've got. You must 'a' bought an awful lot o' tea in your time.\—Phil- adelpida Press. • Northern Pacific Railway VESTIBULED TRAINS DINING CARS TIME CARD—LOMBARD EAST BOUND DEPART No. 4, Atlantic Ex p 4:19 p. m. •No: 12, Local Passenger 2 • 33 a. m. WEST jiMIND . No. 3, Pacific Express *No. 11, Local Passenger 4l9 p. m. *Connects at Logan and North Coast Ltd. DEPART 8 • 34a. m. Garrison with Wilson's Stage Line Fast Time Between Lewistown and Harlow ton Carrying the 11. 8. Mall and rankling connect ion with tralion on Montana railroad Coaches Leave Lewistown 5 a. m. ex- cept Sunday. Leave Harlowton upon arrival of af- ternoon train Judith Inland Transportation Co. Operatin0 Between Kendall and 'Lewiatown TWO COACHES One leaves Kendall at 8 a. m. daily, ex- cept Sunday, arriving in Lewistown at 11 a. in.; returning, leaves Lewistown at 3 p. m., arriving in Kendall at 6 p. m. The other leaves Lewistown at 9 a. m. daily, except Sunday, arriving in Ken- dall at 12 m., noon; returning, leaves Kendall at 3 p. m., arriving in Lewis- town at 6 p. m, FOUR HORSE COACHES A mple Accommodations Extra accommodations for baggage of commercial travelers. BUSINESS and RESIDENT LOTS In the Town of Kendall may be bought or they may be leased for long terms at reasonable rates KENDALL Is the Great Gold Camp of Montana And Now Is the Time to Secure Town Property 6 . 1 b Those who bought lots last fall can now realize Five Times morethan they invested, and the boom has scarcely commenced.,,tjejtApsjtjs egg All the information desired at my office in Kendall. W. A. SHAULES '1 MARTIN CLAUSEN Agent at Kendall The Montana Land and Live Stock Exchange is my agent in Helena, rlontana.

Kendall Chronicle (Kendall, Mont.), 12 May 1903, located at <>, image provided by MONTANA NEWSPAPERS, Montana Historical Society, Helena, Montana.